Arms, Armour & Militaria Sale on
Wednesday 27th June 2012
On view:
Sunday 24th June 12 noon to 4 pm
Monday 25th June 10 am to 7 pm
Tuesday 26th June 10 am to 5 pm
Sale commences at 12 noon


1.      A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA)
with curved single-edged blade with wavy hamon (edge nicks, staining), plain tang pierced with two mekugi-ana (tip chipped), copper tsuba, sharkskin-covered grip, in a lacquered saya
73cm; 28 3/4in blade£600-800
2.      A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA)
with curved single-edged blade (small chips), copper tsuba and wooden grip, in a wooden saya
62.2cm; 24 1/2in blade£300-400
3.      A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA)
with slightly curved single-edged blade with wavy hamon, plain tang pierced with two mekugi-ana, cast iron tsuba, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip with gilt metal menuki, in its saya
67.5cm; 26 5/8in blade
£300-500
4.      A JAPANESE W.W.II OFFICER'S SWORD (KATANA)
with slightly curved single-edged blade with straight hamon, plain tang struck with an anchor mark, regulation tsuba, grip and mounts, in its fishskin-covered saya
66cm; 26in blade£250-350
5.      TWO JAPANESE SHORTSWORDS (TANTO)
the first with curved single-edged blade, signed tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, steel tsuba inlaid with flowers, butterflies and a small hound in soft metals, leather-bound sharkskin-covered grip, a pair of soft metal Samurai menuki, and steel kabuto-gane, in its plain saya with associated kozuka; the second with curved single-edged blade, plain tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, signed sparsely-decorated steel tsuba, leather-bound sharkskin-covered grip with soft metal bouquet menuki, brass kabute-gane, in its lacquered saya with associated kozuka
the first: 43.7cm;17 1/4in blade
(2)
£400-500
6.      A JAPANESE DAGGER (AIKUCHI TANTO), DATED 1866
with curved single-edged blade formed with a wavy hamon (staining), incised with foliage on each side, the tang signed on each side and pierced with two mekugi-ana, hardwood grip and saya carved with a vertical arrangement of a dragon in combat with a mythical beast, and with ivory details (small losses)
26cm; 10 1/4in blade

The signature reads "Bishu Osafune ju Yokoyama Sukekane" and the date "Keio 2 nen (1866) 2gatsu (February) Tomonari 58 dai mago (Tomonari's 58th generation grandson)"
£300-500
7.      A JAPANESE SHORTSWORD (TANTO) AND A MINIATURE AIKUCHI TANTO
the first with curved single-edged blade (staining), signed tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana (cut-down), pierced steel tsuba decorated with scrolls and foliage, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip, steel mounts including menuki with gold detail, and fuchi-kashira; the second with fullered blade, and engraved soft metal hilt and saya with silver mounts engraved with traditional motifs
the first: 41.2cm; 16 1/4in blade
(2)

The signature reads 'Heianjo Fujiwara Morikuni'£300-500
8.      A FINE JAPANESE IVORY-MOUNTED SWORD (WAKIZASHI), 19TH CENTURY
with strongly curved single-edged blade, ivory tsuba engraved with expanded flowerheads and conventional foliage, the grip carved with children and a sage within an architectural landscape, saya carved with a vertical arrangement of figures in traditional dress and signed on the base
45cm; 17 3/4in blade

The signature reads Ungyokudo Jugyoku to£1000-1500
9.      TWO JAPANESE BONE-MOUNTED SHORTSWORDS (WAKIZASHI)
each with single-edged blade, vestigial tsuba, and carved grip and saya each decorated with a vertical arrangement of figures in traditional costume
57cm; 22 1/2in and 36.5cm; 14 3/8in overall
(2)£200-250
10.     A JAPANESE DAGGER (TANTO)
with slightly curved single-edged blade cut with a short fuller on one face and with two characters on the other, signed tang pierced with two holes, small mokkogata shakudo tsuba decorated with spray of foliage and a shamisen, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip with gilt menuki including exotic birds, in its lacquered saya with signed kozuka decorated with a gilt dragon
27.8cm; 11in blade

The signature reads Higashi Kunimitsu.£400-600
11.     A JAPANESE DAGGER (AIKUCHI TANTO)
with slightly curved single-edged blade cut with a short fuller on each face, small steel tsuba fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip with gilt kabuto-gane, in its lacquered saya with signed kozuka decorated with gilt foliage
19.5cm; 7 3/4in blade£200-300
12.     A JAPANESE LACQUERED SWORD STAND (KATANA KAKE), 19TH CENTURY
of lacquered wood decorated on each side in shell with a traditional landscape, the front incorporating an architectural harbour scene, and the ends decorated with flowers and foliage
33cm; 13in high£300-500
13.     A FINE JAPANESE SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGER (AIKUCHI TANTO), THE BLADE DATED 1559, THE MOUNTS 19TH CENTURY
of hirazukuri tanto type with suguha single-edged blade with a carving of Fudo Myoo, the tang pierced with two mekugi-ana, signed Bizen Osafune Kiyomitsu, and dated Eiroku 2 nen, sharkskin-covered grip bound with baleen, silver fuchi, kashira and a pair of menuki, the latter three including pairs of white mice, in its black lacquered saya with gold nashiji, with shibuichi kanamono (kojiri), with Daikoku and white mice decoration, the silver kozuka signed Heian ju Tohiharu koku, the top part of the kozuka slot with shibuichi raddish
22.5cm; 8 7/8in£5000-7000
14.     A JAPANESE SIXTEEN-PLATE KABUTO, 19TH CENTURY
with hemispherical skull formed with raised ribs at the joins, rising to a moulded kikuza, fitted with rounded peak lacquered red on the under-side, and hari-date shikoro of three lames the uppermost with plain fukigayeshi
19cm; 7 1/2in high£400-600
15.     A JAPANESE TWELVE-PLATE KABUTO, 19TH CENTURY
with hemispherical skull formed with raised ribs at the joins, rising to a moulded kikuza fitted with rounded peak lacquered red on the under-side, hari-date shikoro of three lames, the uppermost with vestigial fukigayeshi
16.5cm; 6 1/2in high£350-450
16.     A JAPANESE TWELVE-PLATE KABUTO, 19TH CENTURY
with hemispherical skull formed with raised ribs at the joins, rising to a moulded kikuza, fitted with rounded peak lacquered red on the under-side, and hari-date shikoro of three lames the uppermost with fukigayeshi
11cm; 4 3/8in high
£300-400
17.     A JAPANESE TOSEI GUSOKU ARMOUR, 19TH CENTURY
comprising kabuto with two-piece almond-shaped skull, decorated on each side with a gilt square, fitted with peak decorated en suite with the skull, shikoro of five lames the uppermost with fukigayeshi, lacquered-steel mempo with detachable nose with four lacquered plates beneath, do of lacquered plates decorated on the front with a gilt dragon, a pair of oda-gote of mail and russet lamellar plates, haidate and suneate (small losses and chips): on a wooden stand with a large base
£1000-1500
18.     A PAIR OF JAPANESE STEEL STIRRUPS (ABUMI BATTO), 19TH CENTURY with red lacquered treads (losses), strongly curved at the front and rising to a signed pierced plate incorporating a loop buckle for suspension, the outer surface inlaid with large silver flowers, scrolling foliage and linear ornament (losses, areas of wear)
25cm; 9 7/8in high
(2)

The signature reads Kanazawa ju Ujisada saku.£600-900
19.     A PAIR OF JAPANESE STEEL STIRRUPS (ABUMI BATTO), 19TH CENTURY with black lacquered treads (small cracks), strongly curved at the front and rising to a pierced plate incorporating a loop buckle for suspension and signed in silver, the outer surface inlaid with elaborate silver flowers, scrolling foliage and linear ornament (losses, areas of wear)
24cm; 9 1/2in high
(2)£500-800
20.     A JAPANESE SNAP MATCHLOCK MUSKET, CIRCA 1870
with massive octagonal barrel retained by a faceted brass band at the breech, fitted with large pierced v-shaped fore-sight and pierced block-shaped back-sight, inlaid with a pair of dragons, cloud ornament, the maker's signature and a mon in silver over its surface, fitted with integral pan decorated with silver scrollwork and fitted with hinged brass pivot-cover, brass lock of shaped outline fitted with moulded steel serpentine decorated with silver en suite with the pan, brass trigger, cherrywood full stock (a small crack behind the breech), slender faceted butt of characteristic form, brass trigger-plate, and with no provision for a ramrod
70.5cm; 27 3/4in barrel
£2500-3500
21.     A RARE TIBETAN POWDER-FLASK (RDZAS KHUG), 19TH CENTURY
with brass-bound leather body, soft leather neck, tapering steel nozzle, the reverse fitted with a brass ring and complete with its leather suspension
8cm; 3 1/8in high

G. C. Stone identifies this type as 'Hmam skuk', probably a phonetic rendition of 'sman khug'. 'Rdzas Khug', literally translated 'gunpowder-flask', appears to be the more usual term. See D. Larocca 2006, p.211. £200-300
22.     A DIRK, 19TH CENTURY AND A BHUTANESE OR TIBETAN DAGGER, EARLY 20TH CENTURY
the first with tapering plain blade, brass hilt including cross-guard and spherical pommel and bone grip, in its engraved brass scabbard; the second with tapering single-edged blade, white metal hilt of characteristic form, in its white metal scabbard embossed on the outer face with flowers and traditional designs
the first: 31.5cm; 12 1/2in
(2)

£250-300
23.     AN UNUSUAL INDO-CHINESE SWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY
with rudimentary blade cut with a slender fuller and incised with traces of a star, hilt of nimcha form, decorated with gold scrollwork (losses), shaped wooden hilt applied with an engraved silver plaque on each side, in a contemporary wooden scabbard encased in white metal, engraved over its entire surface with a running pattern of scrollwork on a hatched ground, and fitted with steel chape and suspension mounts of Chinese form
74.5cm; 29 3/8in blade£300-600
24.     A RARE NORTH EAST HIMALAYAN QUIVER, 17TH/18TH CENTURY, CHINESE OR TIBETAN
formed of two large shaped panels of tooled leather, the inner face with two loops, a steel buckle and staple and a leather thong for suspension, the outer retaining some painted decoration, the border studded with brass nails over silver foliate washers, fitted with five large low domed steel bosses decorated with gold-damascened scrollwork on the outer face, and with a single arrow
55.5cm; 21 7/8in high

The form and decoration is related to Chinese Tibetan and Mongolian quivers of the 17th and 18th centuries. see D. Larocca 2006, pp.192-195.

£1500-1800
25.     A RARE PAIR OF DECORATED GILT RUSSET CHINESE STIRRUPS, 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with oval treads formed with a raised brim, a pair of side-bars rising to a pierced loop, decorated over almost their entire outer surface in gold with a pattern of tight geometric scrolls sewn with lotus flowers (small losses)
15cm; 6in high
(2)£700-1000
26.     A RARE TIBETAN MATCHLOCK MUSKET (ME MDA'), 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with tapering three-stage barrel, decorated over the breech and muzzle with fine linear patterns in copper, brass and silver, the former with standing back-sight and pan, wooden full stock, the fore-end applied with shaped steel plaques over leather and pierced for a forked rest, the butt encased in leather, the forward portion applied with embossed brass and copper plaques decorated with traditional patterns, the right of the butt with a long leather cord case studded with silver nails, the left with a further long steel plaque set with red stones in raised settings, two steel sling swivels and an early leather sling
96.5cm; 38in barrel

For a discussion of this type and another example previously in the collection of George Cameron Stone see D. Larocca 2006, pp. 198-209.£800-1200
27.     A RARE 60 BORE CHINESE MATCHLOCK GUN, 19TH CENTURY
with very long tapering two-stage barrel retained by two slender brass bands, octagonal breech incorporating a shaped pan with no provision for a cover, rudimentary steel serpentine with bifurcated tip for match and angular trigger, highly figured hardwood half-stock, the butt fitted with a short tapering extension, inset with a shaped bone plaque about the serpentine, the trigger and over the fore-end (chipped), and with no provision for a ramrod
160.3cm; 63 1/8in barrel

An identical gun is illustrated in G. C. Stone 1934, fig. 330, no. 5. £600-1000
28.     A BURMESE IVORY AND SILVER-MOUNTED DHA AND ANOTHER, SMALLER, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY
the first with curved single-edged blade, encrusted over much of its surface with silver figures in traditional dress and inscriptions, chased silver ferrule decorated with beadwork, finely carved ivory grip pierced with an openwork design of deities and scrollwork arranged vertically, in its silver-mounted wooden scabbard; the second with short plain blade, silver ferrule, grip of tusk, in its silver-mounted scabbard
the first: 57.8cm; 22 3/4in blade
(2)

The owner's family state that this came from King Thibaw Min (1859-1916), the last King of the Konbaung dynasty.£200-300
29.     A MINIATURE BURMESE SWORD (DHA)
the blade decorated with silver scrollwork, chased white metal ferrule, horn grip, in its scabbard
15.5cm; 6 1/8in £20-30
30.     A RARE PHILIPPINES SWORD, 19TH CENTURY
with long straight slender blade double-edged for the last seven inches and formed with a sharply angled point (pitted), forte enclosed by a brass panel on each side, brass stirrup hilt formed with an up-turned shell-guard engraved with the crowned arms of Spain enclosed by olive fronds, solid pommel formed with a c-shaped recess on one side, integral grip shaped for the fingers, and faced with four horn panels each retained by a pair of brass rivets
95.5cm; 37 3/4in blade
£300-400
31.     A RARE INDIAN BRASS HILT FOR A KHANJAR, 17TH CENTURY
comprising a pair of slender shaped langets, down-curved quillons, the quillon-block cut with a brief inscription, integral grip formed with a central moulding, the pommel formed as a pair of down-curved horns, and drawn-up in the centre to a shaped arch rising to a moulded faceted button
17cm; 6 3/4in
£400-600
32.     AN INDIAN 'TIGER-CLAW' DAGGER (BAGH NAKH), 19TH CENTURY
with five hooked blades each fitted with a ring for attaching to the fingers and thumb, all joined by a fluted knuckle-plate incorporating a fluted bud-shaped finial at the top and another at the rear
11.3cm; 4 1/2in high
£800-1200
33.     AN INDIAN FAKIR'S CRUTCH, 19TH CENTURY
with concealed spike-shaped blade threaded at the base, strongly-recurved crutch-shaped grip with serpent head finial, in its steel scabbard decorated with a writhen pattern and with a cube-shaped moulding at the base
55.5cm; 21 7/8in overall£100-150
34.     TWO INDIAN SWORDS, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY
the first with wavy blade cut with an inscription on one face, with a panel chiselled with flowers and a figure in traditional dress on each face of the forte, and steel hilt of khanjar form; the second with wavy single-edged blade of watered steel, decorated with a gold koftgari panel with a brief inscription on each face, steel hilt of khanjar form rising to a beaked pommel, and decorated over its full surface with gold koftgari flowers and foliage
the first: 72cm; 28 3/8in blade
(2)£300-400
35.     AN INDIAN DAGGER (KATAR), LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY; AN INDIAN SPIKED MACE AND TWO INDIAN AXES (ZAGHNAL), 19TH CENTURY
the first formed in two pieces, the blade waisted at the forte, and hilt of characteristic form (pitted); the second with globular head fitted with screw-in spike, on its haft, and decorated over much of its surface with silver koftgari; the axes each with wedge-shaped blade, central spike and recurved rear blade, on steel haft and decorated with silver koftgari
the first: 57.5cm; 22 3/4in
(4)£300-400
36.     TWO INDIAN DAGGERS (PESH KABZ); A MALAYSIAN DAGGER (BADE BADE); AN INDIAN KNIFE; A SOUTH-EAST ASIAN SHORTSWORD, PROBABALY MALAYSIAN; AND TWO MALAYSIAN DAGGERS (KRIS), 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES
the first two with slightly curved fullered single-edged blades, and shaped hilts formed of contrasting colours of stone; the third with pattern-welded blade (chipped), and carved grip and scabbard of characteristic form; the fourth for a commando, stamped 'Princess Jodhpur' on one side, in its scabbard; the fifth, with broad single-edged chopping blade, carved wooden hilt bound with plaited silver wire over the lower portion, in its wooden scabbard open at the front and bound with silver bands; the last two of characteristic form, one with angular stylised bird's head form grip (the other missing), and each in its scabbard
the first: 35.5cm; 14in
(7)
£250-350
37.     THREE INDIAN AXES AND THREE GHURKHA KUKRI KNIVES, 19TH/20TH CENTURY
the first with curved axe-blade, moulded at the neck, flat rear face, on its wooden haft reinforced with strips of steel at the top; the second and third each with slender wavy axe-blade, faceted socket, and on its wooden haft; the kukris of characteristic form, each in its scabbard, and two retaining their accompanying knives
the first: 53cm; 20 7/8in head
(6)£600-800
38.     AN INDIAN DAGGER (KATAR), 18TH CENTURY
with sharply tapering fullered blade formed with a pronounced reinforced tip, chiselled with flowers on each side of the forte (repaired), steel hilt of characteristic form (the side-bars each repaired), including a pair of moulded grip-bars, finely chiselled over its entire surface with a vertical arrangement of gilt lotus flowers, in a leather-covered wooden scabbard
38.7cm; 15 1/4in £400-700
39.     TWO INDIAN DAGGERS (KATARS), 19TH/20TH CENTURY
the first for a child, with tapering flat blade, engraved gilt hilt decorated with scrolls of foliage on a punched ground, including a pair of grip bars pierced with foliage on each side; the second with tapering blade formed with a reinforced point, pierced on either side at the forte with a gilt boar, chiselled and gilt hilt decorated with exotic animals and sun masks, in its scabbard
the first: 23cm; 9 1/8in
(2)£500-600
40.     TWO INDIAN SWORDS (TALWARS), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY
each with curved heavy blade, the first with russet steel hilt including a pair of quillons with flat button-shaped terminals, and retaining some gold koftgari scrolls over its surface, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard; the second with russet hilt including quillons with shaped terminals, decorated over its surface with gold border ornament and bouquets (losses), in a fabric-covered wooden scabbard
the first: 83cm; 32 3/4in blade
(2)£300-500
41.     AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with curved heavy blade cut with a long fuller and double-edged towards the point, russet steel hilt of characteristic form, including recurved knuckle-guard and large disc-shaped pommel, decorated with gold flowers within an architectural framework over the greater part of its surface (losses), in a fabric-covered scabbard
73cm; 28 3/4in blade£200-300
42.     **AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with curved etched blade, double-edged towards the point, russet iron hilt thickly encrusted with a symmetrical pattern of flowers and scrolling foliage within linear frames all in gold koftgari (small losses), comprising a pair of straight quillons with flat button-shaped terminals, a pair of long slender langets, large disc pommel chiselled with a foliate moulding on top, attenuated button, and solid integral grip
82cm; 32 1/4in blade£350-450
43.     AN INDIAN BROADSWORD (KHANDA), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with broad blade swelling towards the point, cut with a saw-toothed pattern on each edge and stamped with a double eyelash mark on one face, steel hilt of characteristic form, extending over the lower portion of the blade, comprising figure-of-eight shaped guard, broad knuckle-guard and attenuated pommel, decorated over its entire outer surface with silver koftgari scrolls of foliage and border ornament, and retaining an early padded liner
68.5cm; 27in blade
£300-400
44.     THREE INDIAN SWORDS (TALWARS), 19TH CENTURY
the first with curved single-edged blade inlaid with a mark on one side, steel hilt of characteristic form inlaid with silver flowerheads within a trellis framework, and solid grip decorated en suite; the second with curved fuller blade double-edged towards the hilt, and steel hilt including a pair of flattened quillons with shaped terminals; and the third with knuckle-guard with recurved bud-shaped finial
the first: 75cm; 29 1/2in blade
(3)
£300-400
45.     THREE INDIAN SWORDS (TALWARS), 19TH CENTURY
the first with curved East European blade etched with Celestial motifs and a turbaned demi-figure, brass hilt including langets with bud-shaped terminals and large disc pommel; the second with curved fullered blade inlaid with three brass-lined hemi-spherical recesses and with a decorative mark on the respective faces at the forte; and the third with curved fullered blade with traces of a mark, perhaps a double eyelash, on one face, and steel hilt including recurved knuckle-guard
the first: 71cm; 28in blade
(3)£300-400
46.     TWO INDIAN SWORDS (TALWAR), 18TH/19TH CENTURY
the first with curved fullered blade, robust steel hilt including knuckle-guard with recurved fluted bud-shaped terminal, and disc pommel, decorated over its full surface with silver koftgari (losses); the second with curved serrated blade, and steel hilt including a pair of langets with pierced terminals (pitted)
the first: 80cm; 31 1/2in blade
(2)
£200-300
47.     AN INDIAN PARADE HALBERD, 19TH CENTURY; TWO BRASS-MOUNTED INDIAN STAFFS; A LEADING STAFF AND A SPEAR, 19TH CENTURY
the first with slender steel axe-blade (pitted) retained by brass collars, steel socket issuant from a monstrous mask; the second and third each with brass head cast with an inscription including 'Chaukidar Municipal' and 'Banda Phaniram Co'; the fourth with white metal finial; and the fifth with reinforced leaf-shaped blade and moulded socket, on its haft
the first: 72.5cm; 28 1/2in head
(5)£250-300
48.     AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR) WITH PRESENTATION INSCRIPTION TO MAJOR A. B. BLAXLAND, O.B.E., DATED 1933; TWO GURKHA KUKRI KNIVES; A FOLDING KNIFE; AN INDIAN 'TIGER-CLAW' DAGGER (BAGH NAKH); AND AN INDIAN FOLDING KATAR, 19TH CENTURY
the first with curbed single-edged blade with presentation inscription, silver-plated hilt, in its scabbard with chased silver chape; the second and third of characteristic form, one with engraved blade and horn hilt; the fourth with rudimentary locking mechanism and chequered grips (losses); the fifth decorated with gold koftgari foliage and brief inscriptions; and the last of characteristic form, decorated with silver koftgari
the first: 75.2cm; 29 5/8in blade
(6)£200-300
49.     A 32 BORE INDIAN COMBINED PERCUSSION PISTOL AND SPEAR, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel fitted with a sliding spike-shaped head beneath, box-lock action, and faceted steel socket, decorated over the spear shank and action border with gold koftgari scrolls (areas of pitting), on a wooden haft with faceted steel shoe
39.5cm; 15 1/2in head£500-700
50.     AN INDIAN SHIELD (DHAL), LATE 18TH CENTURY
of tooled hide, the inside with padded liner and four steel rings for enarmes, the outer surface with tooled central rondel and border, fitted in the centre with four domed gilt copper bosses each finely chiselled with scrolling foliage and flowers
37.5cm; 14 3/4in diameter£250-350
51.     THREE INDIAN SPEARS AND TWO LANCES, 19TH CENTURY
the first for pig-sticking; the second with reinforced tip for piercing armour; the third with leaf-shaped head, the fourth with slender head applied with a silver coin on the socket; and the fifth with faceted socket and very long haft
the first: 38cm; 15in head
(5)£200-300
52.     THREE INDIAN ARMY LANCES, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY
each with regulation steel head, bamboo haft, the first with bulbous steel shoe, and each fitted with a red and white pennant
(3)
£200-300
53.     A LARGE ORIENTAL MAIL FRAGMENT, 17TH/18TH CENTURY AND A MAIL SHIRT
the first probably constructed from an opened mail shirt, formed of riveted links of circular section, and applied with later gilt brass panels with beadwork borders and a pair of domed brass bosses each set with a central blue stone; the second modern, with short arms, and open at the neck
(2)£400-600
54.     A RARE NORTH INDIAN SMALL-SWORD FOR THE EUROPEAN MARKET, CIRCA 1760
with European colichemarde blade retaining traces of engraved scrollwork at the forte, iron hilt including boatshell-guard rising to a pair of volutes, a pair of straight quillons with globular terminals, kunckle-guard, and globular pommel, decorated throughout with gold inlaid flowers and foliage, the guard incorporating two stylised palaces on the outer face, retaining traces of original blued finish, and original grip bound with plaited silver wire and ribband (the gold with losses)
85cm; 33 1/2in blade

The hilt belongs to a well-known group made by an unidentified workshop in North India for export to Europe. See A.V. B. Norman 1980, p.348.£1000-1200
55.     A PAIR OF CARVED AND PAINTED INDIAN WAITER SUPPORTS, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY
each of shaped outline (one head chipped), polychrome painted in traditional dress, applied with a white metal Prince of Wales's feather badge and the numbers '1' and '2' respectively, on a wooden base
92cm; 36 1/4in high
£50-80
56.     TWO CEYLONESE DAGGERS (PIHA KAETTA) AND AN INDIAN DAGGER (KHANJAR), 18TH/19TH CENTURIES
the first with russet blade, the fuller inset with an engraved silver panel and applied with chased silver scrollwork on each side of the forte, the lower portion of the hilt encased in engraved brass chased with traditional scrollwork extending over the forte, silver pommel and back-strap (losses), and carved horn grips; the second similar, with plain fuller, and carved horn grip; the third with curved etched double-edged blade, and shaped steel hilt decorated with silver koftgari (losses), in its fabric-covered scabbard
the first: 30.5cm; 12in
(3)
£150-180
57.     A 28 BORE INDIAN MATCHLOCK MUSKET, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with multi-stage swamped sighted barrel retained by seven slender silver bands, strongly fluted over the breech section and at the muzzle, the former stamped with a previously gold-lined mark and two further marks, cord-bound iron action including shaped serpentine, pierced steel trigger, hardwood full stock applied with sheet brass over the fore-end, slender hooked butt with faceted spine, a pair of tapering brass match-holders, and wooden ramrod, together with a contemporary engraved brass shot-measure and hide powder-flask
104cm; 41in barrel£300-400
58.     A 15 BORE INDIAN MATCHLOCK MUSKET, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel retained by a series of leather bands, formed with a vase-shaped muzzle with bead fore-sight, robust breech with standing back-sight and pan with pivot-cover, the action enclosed by shaped steel plates, steel trigger (the steel parts pitted), figured hardwood full stock fitted with a darker section behind the breech, a single steel sling swivel and steel ramrod
122cm; 48in barrel
£150-250
59.     A CAUCASIAN DAGGER (KINDJAL) AND TWO CONTINENTAL HUNTING KNIVES, LATE 19TH CENTURY
the first with double-edged fullered blade, and horn hilt of characteristic form bound with nielloed silver and beadwork; the second with German blade, banded white metal hilt cast with scrolls and flowers, in its scabbard; the third with etched folding blade decorated with scrolling foliage inhabited by a bird and a stag and inscribed 'Toledo' and steel-bound staghorn grips
the first: 50cm; 19 3/4in
(3)£150-200
60.     A 32 BORE INDIAN SILVER-MOUNTED MATCHLOCK GUN FOR A BOY, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with etched twist sighted barrel retained by four slender silver bands, moulded at the muzzle, chiselled with a very slender long sighting rib and decorated with raised mouldings enriched with gold koftgari (small losses), the breech with standing back-sight and pan with pivot-cover, the tang applied with gold flowers, steel trigger and serpentine, the action enclosed on each side by a large shaped silver plaque, hardwood three-quarter stock, slender faceted butt inlaid with silver foliate panels on each side, silver mounts comprising moulded butt-cap, and a pair of shaped sling swivels
61.5cm; 24 1/4in barrel
£800-1200
61.     A FINE 32 BORE INDIAN MATCHLOCK GUN (TORADOR), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with swamped barrel retained by three slender shaped engraved brass bands, formed with a sighted vase-shaped muzzle, moulded over the breech, decorated over its entire surface with encrusted silver flowers within linear frames and further designs over the breech, shaped integral pan with pivot-cover, standing back-sight, the action enclosed by an iron plaque decorated with silver koftgari (losses) on each side, retaining its pricker, hardwood full stock with very slender faceted butt, applied with shaped bone plaques engraved with rondels behind the action, engraved bone butt-cap, a pair of steel sling swivels, and steel ramrod with moulded tip decorated with chevron
115cm; 45 1/4in barrel£800-1200
62.     AN INDO-PERSIAN HELMET (KULAH KHUD), 19TH CENTURY
with hemispherical skull, embossed at the front with a stylised mask including a pair of raised eyes and eyebrows, fitted at the top with a central boss incorporating a screw-in central spike and a pair of devilish horns (sliding nasal-bar missing), decorated over its outer surface with silver cartouches and architectural frames filled with scrolling silver foliage, enriched with gold stars and scrolls, and fitted with a mail neck-defence (small losses)
20.5cm; 8in high
£300-500
63.     AN INDO-PERSIAN HELMET (KULAH KHUD), 19TH CENTURY
with hemispherical skull embossed with a series of delicate ribs and fitted with a central foliate boss (spike missing), decorated over its surface with sprays of gold koftgari scrolling and conventional foliage, and with a series of inscriptions in gold, including Persian benedictory verses, around the brim, fitted with a pair of plume-holders and sliding nasal-bar (minor replacements, areas of pitting), and with a mail neck defence of butted links
11.5cm; 4 1/2in high£400-600
64.     AN INDO-PERSIAN HELMET (KULAH KHUD), 19TH CENTURY
with hemispherical skull decorated over almost its entire surface with finely chiselled designs of scrolling foliage and flowers, carrying cartouche-shaped panels applied with engraved silver bouquets inhabited by exotic birds and further smaller panels filled with flowerheads within gold frames, the base decorated with chiselled panels filled with calligraphic inscriptions and exotic birds all highlighted in silver, fitted with a contemporary central spike and sliding nasal guard each decorated with exotic birds within gilt frames (each with light pitting and wear), a pair of slender plume-holders, and the neck fitted with a shaped defence of butted mail links (minor losses)
30.5cm; 12in high
£900-1300
65.     A PERSIAN AXE (SARE-H TABAR), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with etched crescentic head chiselled with a calligraphic cartouche highlighted in silver and decorated with gold scrollwork on each side, flat rear pean decorated with further calligraphy en suite, on its steel haft with alternating faceted and writhen sections, the former with silver koftgari scrolls (rubbed)
70.5cm; 27 3/4in

A similar axe is illustrated L. Southwick 1982, p. 260, no. 821.£1200-1800
66.     AN OTTOMAN BALKAN SHORTSWORD (YATAGHAN), 19TH CENTURY
with slightly curved single-edged blade, decorated with gold panels filled with brief inscriptions on each face, silver hilt extending over the forte, previously set with a stone in a foliate setting at the base on each side, decorated with a running pattern of foliage, shaped for the fingers and rising to an eared pommel, in a contemporary leather-covered wooden scabbard with large silver mounts decorated with panels of scrolling foliage and border ornament, and with a small loop for suspension
54cm; 21 1/4in£600-800
67.     AN OTTOMAN SWORD (YATAGHAN), TURKEY, DATED 1251 (1835-6)
with curved single-edged blade decorated with a silver calligraphic panel on one face and a decorative rondel on the other, gilt hilt extending over the lower portion of the blade and set with a red paste on each side, back-strap with shaped fluted corals in raised settings (losses), fitted with a pair of morse grip-scales retained by four rivets, rising to a shaped eared pommel (cracks), in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with large brass locket and chape embossed with scrolls, flowers and foliage, the former decorated with two broad bands of beadwork and fitted with a small loop for suspension
60.5cm; 23 3/4in blade

The inscriptions include an invocation to Muhammad to intercede with God in Ottoman Turkish, as well as the name of the owner, possibly Ahmad Agha.

£1000-1200
68.     A CAUCASIAN DAGGER, LATE 19TH CENTURY
with tapering fullered blade double-edged towards the point, horn hilt of kindjal form, fitted with a fluted brass ferrule at the base, in its wooden scabbard, the rear encased in steel and the front faced with brass, with two loops and a single ring for suspension
50.5cm; 19 7/8in blade£200-300
69.     TWO CAUCASIAN SHORTSWORDS (KINDJAL), LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY
the first with broad flat fullered blade retaining traces of silver koftgari at the forte, shaped hilt of characteristic form, comprising a pair of ivory grip-scales retained by rivets on shaped brass washers, in a leather-covered wooden scabbard with chased and nielloed silver mounts, comprising lockets and chape each decorated on the outer face with symmetrical designs of foliage, and iron suspension band overlaid with chased silver; the second with fullered blade, shaped gilt and nielloed hilt, in its scabbard decorated en suite
the first: 54.5cm; 21 1/2in
(2)£600-1000
70.     AN OTTOMAN HARDSTONE-MOUNTED DAGGER (JAMBIYA), EARLY 19TH CENTURY, NORTH AFRICAN OR TURKISH
with curved double-edged blade cut with a slender central fuller, decorated with gold koftgari scrolls enclosing a brief inscription at the forte on each face, wooden hilt of characteristic form, encased in silver and copper, the inner face chased with foliage and expanded rose heads, the outer face profusely decorated with arrangements of fluted red hardstones and turquoises in raised finely-roped settings, in its original wooden scabbard, decorated en suite with the hilt, the inner face with a small loop for suspension, and the outer with circular arrangements of hardstones
36cm; 14 1/4in

Kiligs and daggers of this style have been attributed to both Egypt and Turkey. See A. C. Tirri 2003, p. 67.£1500-2000
71.     A CAUCASIAN SILVER MOUNTED SWORD (SHAMSHIR), LATE 19TH CENTURY
with very slightly curved single-edged blade cut with two fullers of differing length along the back-edge (areas of pitting), retaining traces of etched decoration at the forte, silver hilt comprising cross-piece with bud-shaped terminals, engraved cap pommel of Persian form, and a pair of bone grip-scales bound with wire at the base, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with large engraved silver mounts (rubbed), including a pair of bands with rings for suspension
83cm; 32 3/4in blade

A sword of similar form is shown in the hands of Imam Shamil, the 'Lion of Daghestan' seated with his two sons. See A. Jacob, 1985, p.170.£1200-1800
72.     A PERSIAN SWORD (SHAMSHIR), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with curved single-edged etched blade, steel cross-piece decorated with gold koftgari scrolls enclosing flowerheads (small losses), cap pommel, and a pair of later bone grip-scales, in a leather-covered wooden scabbard with large steel mounts decorated with gold koftgari patterns within linear frames (rubbed)
77.5cm; 30 1/2in blade
£1200-1800
73.     A DECORATED OTTOMAN SWORD (SHAMSHIR), WITH NIELLOED SILVER HILT, 19TH CENTURY
with curved single-edged blade decorated in gold koftgari with a lengthy inscription along the back-edge, a further calligraphic panel and scrollwork at the forte on each face, composite hilt comprising engraved brass cross-piece decorated with foliate borders, and solid grip rising to a pierced bulbous pommel, the outer surface encased in silver decorated with scrolling foliage on a hatched ground in niello (small losses), in a contemporary fishskin-covered wooden scabbard with engraved gilt-brass mounts including two suspension bands decorated with sunbursts, and locket and chape each chased with scrolling foliate borders
80.5cm; 31 3/4in blade

£3500-4500
74.     AN OTTOMAN SHAMSHIR, 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY, TURKISH OR EAST EUROPEAN
with curved blade of European make, double-edged towards the point, cut with three long slender fullers of differing length on each face, cut with a double eye-lash and further decorative marks at the forte, engraved white metal hilt comprising recurved cross-piece with tightly scrolling terminals, back-strap, and fitted with a pair of horn grip-scales each retained by three iron rivets (one pommel washer missing), in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with white metal mounts comprising locket, chape and middle-band all decorated with foliate borders en suite with the cross-piece and with further flowers (locket catch missing), and an additional contemporary band for suspension
85.5cm; 33 3/4in blade£1200-1800
75.     AN INDO-PERSIAN DAGGER (KARD), 19TH CENTURY
with etched single-edged blade, decorated with gold koftgari scrollwork on each face at the forte, slender steel hilt rising to a beaked pommel, decorated with gold en suite with the forte, in its wooden scabbard covered with blue fabric (areas of wear), with gold locket and chape decorated with matching designs of scrolls, the former fitted with a loop for suspension
33cm; 13in
£300-400
76.     A PERSIAN DAGGER (JAMBIYA), 19TH CENTURY
with curved reinforced blade of watered steel, chiselled on each side of the forte with exotic animals, hardwood grip carved with calligraphic inscriptions and foliage inhabited by animals, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with bone chape
38cm; 15in£400-600
77.     A CAUCASIAN SILVER-MOUNTED PRIMING FLASK, 19TH CENTURY
with curved body of flattened horn, fitted with silver nozzle and basal band (cap missing) each decorated with nielloed scrollwork about a central rondel, the reverse decorated with border ornament, spring cut-off decorated with further niello designs, and a single brass loop for suspension
13cm; 5 1/4in£200-300
78.     A RARE OTTOMAN LEATHER FLASK, PROBABLY TURKISH, 17TH/18TH CENTURY
of hide, with tapering body of near oval-section retained by stitched leather borders, incorporating a broad strap rising up from the base, with an iron ring, and fitted with a wooden stopper
38.7cm; 15 1/4in high£800-1000
79.     A RARE OTTOMAN POWDER-FLASK, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with carved hardwood body, the inner face decorated with a pattern of raised ribs centring on a carved oval panel including a stylised inscription, the outer face carved with further stylised inscriptions and profusely applied with brass ribband and minute nails, fitted with an iron suspension ring on the inner face for suspension, and later stopper
22cm; 8 3/4in high£600-800
80.     A 28 BORE NORTH AFRICAN (KABYLE) SNAPHAUNCE MUSKET, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel retained by two punched silver bands, encrusted with silver scrollwork within linear panels over much of its length and an inscription over the breech, flat lock of characteristic form (top-jaw missing), hardwood full stock including strongly formed segmental butt, steel trigger-guard (cracked), and steel ramrod
109.7cm; 43 1/8in barrel

The inscription reads 'silah nafi' l'il'-adu dafi' (Useful Weapon that repels the enemy).

£300-400
81.     A 22 BORE NORTH AFRICAN (KABYLE) SNAPHAUNCE MUSKET, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering sighted barrel retained by four brass bands, engraved over the breech and the tang, flat lock of characteristic form, retaining traces of overlaid silver, hardwood full stock including butt of pronounced form, fitted on the right with an embossed brass low domed boss, and iron trigger-guard (worn, later ramrod)
129cm; 50 3/4in barrel
£100-150
82.     A 32 BORE NORTH AFRICAN SNAPHAUNCE MUSKET AND A 25 BORE INDIAN PERCUSSION GUN, 19TH CENTURY
the first with three-stage sighted barrel retained by a series of engraved bands, flat lock, and hardwood full stock inlaid with engraved horn panels (the steel parts pitted); the second with two-stage barrel, back-action lock, walnut half-stock and steel mounts (steel parts pitted)
the first: 108cm; 42 1/2in barrel
(2)£200-300
83.     A 16 BORE OTTOMAN BALKAN MIQUELET-LOCK MUSKET, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering sighted barrel retained by five engraved brass bands, moulded at the muzzle, engraved with scrolls and a brief inscription over the breech, engraved lock, full stock sheathed in engraved steel, inset with engraved brass rondels and slender plaques, the butt of very slender fishtail form, decorated en suite (losses), a pair of steel sling swivels, and steel ramrod
118.5cm; 46 3/4in barrel£200-300
84.     AN 18 BORE OTTOMAN BALKAN SILVER-MOUNTED MIQUELET-LOCK MUSKET, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with tapering sighted barrel retained by six large silver bands chased with scrolling leafy tendrils, the breech with standing back-sight overlaid with a plaque of engraved silver (small chips), steel tang overlaid with a further silver plaque, steel lock of characteristic form overlaid with engraved sheet silver, wooden full stock, overlaid with embossed silver plaques decorated with scrolling tendrils within linear frames, faceted butt fitted with large matching plaques, a pair of sling swivels, and iron ramrod
104cm; 41in barrel£1500-2000
85.     A 12 BORE OTTOMAN BALKAN MIQUELET-LOCK MUSKET, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with tapering sighted barrel moulded at the muzzle, inlaid over much of its length with scrolls and foliage, the breech incorporating a standing back-sight, rudimentary flat lock, figured hardwood full stock, carved with a moulding of early form ahead of the lock, slender slightly curved butt inlaid with numerous shaped mother-of-pearl panels and rondels, all enriched with minute brass nails and wire (replacements, losses), the butt encircled by an engraved brass band, steel mounts comprising a pair of sling swivels and trigger-guard, and steel ramrod
90.5cm; 35 3/4in barrel£400-600
86.     A 28 BORE MORROCCAN SNAPHAUNCE GUN, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with octagonal barrel retained by two chased white metal bands, moulded at the breech and fitted with a standing back-sight, chiselled lock of characteristic form decorated with scrolls of foliage, applied with sheet silver and set with small coral beads, figured hardwood three-quarter stock inset with engraved white metal plaques, and engraved bone butt-plate
116cm; 45 3/4in barrel
£300-500
87.     AN 18 BORE CAUCASIAN MIQUELET-LOCK MUSKET, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering sighted barrel moulded at the muzzle, retained by two pierced silver bands and struck with Hyderabad arsenal inscription at the breech, chiselled lock of characteristic form, hardwood full stock (fore-end chipped, the rear portion of the butt missing), and steel ramrod
134.5cm; 53in barrel
£300-500
88.     AN 18 BORE OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK PISTOL, TURKISH, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel retained by a pair of embossed silver bands, incised with a pseudo barrelsmith's signature and chiselled with foliage against a gilt ground over the breech (losses), border-engraved lock signed en suite with the barrel, fitted with semi-rainproof pan and roller, carved hardwood full stock, silver mounts cast with trophies in low relief including solid side-plate, spurred pommel, and trigger-guard, and imitation ramrod (worn throughout, the stock with small cracks and chips)
51.7cm; 20 3/8in£400-600
89.     A RARE 20 BORE OVER-AND-UNDER OTTOMAN FLINTLOCK CARBINE, TURKEY, CIRCA 1830
with tapering two-stage barrels moulded at the muzzles and encrusted with silver scrolling foliage over the octagonal breeches, shaped tang decorated en suite, engraved stepped bevelled lock fitted with sliding pan forming the pan-cover for the lower barrel, figured walnut full stock inlaid with delicate silver leaves carried by scrolling silver wire tendrils within wrigglework frames over the fore-end and the butt, the latter carved with chequering, scrolls of foliage, an expanded flowerhead and pierced with a stylised monster head, iron mounts comprising trigger-guard, side-plate and butt-plate all decorated with silver scrolls en suite with the breech, and with no provision for a ramrod
75cm; 29 1/2in

£600-1000
90.     AN 18 BORE OTTOMAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, TURKEY, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel stamped with a series of brass-lined marks at the breech (rubbed), engraved tang, engraved bevelled lock (patinated), hardwood full stock carved with scrolls and foliage over the fore-end, the butt profusely studded with minute silver nails, filigree and a panel of elaborate parcel gilt beadwork over the spine and about the tang (chipped), silver spurred pommel chiselled with foliage, engraved steel trigger-guard, and simulated ramrod
49.5cm; 19 1/2in
£400-600
91.     A 20 BORE OTTOMAN BALKAN MIQUELET-LOCK PISTOL, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel retained by a chased silver muzzle band, engraved tang, engraved lock retaining traces of a maker's mark, wooden fore-end, the rear portion and the butt of chased and engraved silver decorated with scrolls of foliage and in imitation of a spurred pommel, and simulated ramrod
46.3cm; 18 1/4in
£350-450
92.     TWO 16 BORE OTTOMAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS, TURKEY, 19TH CENTURY
the first with tapering barrel encrusted with silver scrollwork, foliage and trophies of arms, the tang encrusted with further scrolls, rounded lock decorated en suite, carved hardwood full stock (cracks and repairs), brass trigger-guard, and steel side-plate and pommel each encrusted with silver scrolls (later ramrod); the second with engraved barrel, grooved tang, engraved stepped lock, carved hardwood full stock (repairs), and iron mounts (later ramrod)
the first: 45.5cm; 18in
(2)
£300-450
93.     A PAIR OF 16 BORE BALKAN LONG MIQUELET-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS, 19TH CENTURY
with minor differences, with tapering barrels each retained by a muzzle band cast with further scrolls, iron locks, engraved with scrollwork, full brass stocks cast with panels filled with scrollwork and divided by beaded patterns, integral matching pommels, one trigger-guard decorated en suite (the other an early replacement), and each with simulated ramrod
50.8cm; 20in
(2)
£1000-1500
94.     A 16 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOL FOR PRESENTATION TO AN EASTERN POTENTATE, THE BARREL SIGNED BOUTET DIRECTEUR ARTISTE, THE LOCK BY DOBSON, CIRCA 1815
with tapering barrel signed on the left of the breech, applied over its surface with gilt trophies-of-arms and neoclassical ornament within segmental frames filled with diamond patterns, the breech decorated with a gilt neoclassical basket of fruit, tang overlaid with chased sheet gold and incorporating the back-sight, engraved stepped bolted lock signed 'Dobson' on an oval carried by a trophy-of-arms, fitted with outward-tipping safety-pan, roller, and French cock (the mainspring broken, defective), figured hardwood half-stock (worn, small chips), silver mounts stamped with Eastern marks (rubbed), including engraved solid side-plate, spurred pommel with trophy-of-arms cap, and trigger-guard (ramrod-pipe, fore-end and ramrod missing)
46.5cm; 18 3/8in

The pivoting safety pan is a notably rare feature. £700-900
95.     A 16 BORE BALKAN LONG MIQUELET-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel retained by a muzzle band chased with scrolls, iron lock, full stock entirely encased in silver chased with traditional scrollwork, pommel of 'rat's tail' form, trigger-guard decorated en suite and simulated ramrod
53.4cm; 21in £400-600
96.     A 22 BORE BALKAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY BOKA KOTORSKA, IONNINA, OR JANNINA
with engraved tapering barrel formed with a flat and applied with small brass panels over the breech, the tang overlaid with a nielloed silver panel decorated with conventional foliage, border-engraved bevelled lock, full stock encased with finely nielloed silver against a punched parcel-gilt ground, decorated with a running pattern of flowers and foliage over the fore-end, an allegorical figure, perhaps Ceres, and an exotic bird ahead of the trigger-guard, the butt decorated with stylised rococo scrolls, further figures, flowers and foliage, small pommel formed with a raised terminal, trigger-guard decorated en suite, and slender simulated ramrod
39.2cm; 15 1/2in

This pistol forms part of a group that were almost certainly made for the Greeks at the court of King Otto in the third decade of the 19th century as part of the Greek Romantic Revival following the War of Liberation. Another example is illustrated R. Elgood 1995, pp. 62-3.£800-1000
97.     AN ABYSSINIAN SWORD (SHOTEL), 20TH CENTURY
with strongly curved fullered blade, horn hilt of characteristic form, comprising three separate pieces, and the tang retaining a coin of Vittorio Emanuele III on the top of the pommel, in its tooled leather scabbard
68cm; 26 3/4in blade

Following the Second Italo-Abyssinian War Vittorio Emanuele III adopted the title Emperor of Abyssinia 1936-41.£400-600
98.     FOUR SUDANESE SWORDS (KASKARA), LATE 19TH CENTURY
the first with double-edged blade stamped with a pair of celestial marks, steel cross-piece, the grip covered with crocodile skin, in its wooden scabbard engulfed by a baby crocodile; the second with etched blade; the third with fullered blade, in its leather scabbard with swollen tip; the fourth similar, with white metal cross-piece
the first: 53.5cm; 21 in blade
(4)£300-400
99.     A NGALA EXECUTION KNIFE, CONGO; ANOTHER CONGO KNIFE; TWO SOMALI BILLAOU DAGGERS, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY; AN AFRICAN AXE; A MALAYSIAN DAGGER (BADE BADE); TWO AFRICAN BOWS; A QUIVER OF ARROWS; A NEPALESE KUKRI; AND THREE FURTHER AFRICAN DAGGERS
the first with characteristically broad blade engraved with linear designs and grooved over the back-edge, moulded hilt wrapped with steel and brass ribband; the second with leaf-shaped blade pierced with two circular apertures and a slot at the hilt, incised with grooves, and shaped small wooden hilt, the third and fourth with tapering slender blades, and hilts of characteristic form composed of steel and horn; the fifth on its wooden haft; the sixth with carved ivory hilt, in its scabbard
the first: 66.5cm; 26 1/4in
(13)£250-300
100.    AN AFRICAN CLUB (KNOBKERRIE), LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY
of characteristic form, the head studded with a star-shaped pattern of brass rondels, the haft with two carved bands, together with a brass and copper-mounted tribal neck ornament
the first: 71cm; 28in £120-180
101.    AFRICAN WEAPONS: TWO AXES, TWO CLUBS, TWO DAGGERS, A SUDANESE SWORD (KASKARA), ANOTHER SWORD, A BOW AND ANOTHER CLUB
the first axe with slender rectangular head swelling towards the tip; the second similar, on a shorter haft; the third and fourth of knobkerrie type, one bound with twisted wire, the daggers with plain blades, one with wooden anthropomorphic hilt, the other including sections of bone, each in its scabbard with a strap for the upper arm; the kaskara of characteristic form (pommel missing); the seventh with blade of kaskara type and rudimentary sheet steel stirrup hilt; the bow carved with a criss-cross pattern on the outer face (chipped); and another club, probably New Hebrides
the first: 74.5cm; 29 3/8in
(10)£600-800
102.    A SUDANESE SWORD (KASKARA), LATE 19TH CENTURY
with broad tapering fullered blade stamped with a pair of celestial profiles on each side, steel hilt of characteristic form, the grip covered with crocodile skin and a crocodile claw, in its wooden scabbard entirely encased in a crocodile body, fitted with a pair of rings for suspension and retaining its bound suspension cord
91cm; 35 3/4in blade£300-500
103.    AN AFRICAN FIGHTING DAGGER (BASWA KNIFE), CONGO, LATE 19TH CENTURY
with broad blade of leaf-shaped form, cut with a series of decorative lines, formed with a central ridge and blackened to contrast, hardwood hilt (small cracks) formed with a pronounced inverted mushroom-shaped pommel studded over the greater part of its surface with geometric designs in yellow and white metal, and the top of the pommel with a knot pattern
37cm; 14 1/2in overall£300-500
104.    A FIJIAN GUNSTOCK CLUB, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY
of characteristic form, the underside of the 'butt' carved in imitation of bark, the finial with a vertical linear moulding, swelling at the base (very small chips at each end), the haft almost entirely encased in an interlaced pattern of rattan in contrasting colours, and remaining in untouched condition throughout
85.5cm; 33 3/4in

Provenance
Lieutenant Archibald Collins, North Yorkshire.

The vendor states that Collins served on the Australia Station during the period 1900-05.£300-500
105.    A RUSSIAN HUNTING SWORD AND FOUR SOCKET BAYONETS, 19TH CENTURY
the first with tapering fullered single-edged blade, white metal hilt cast in low relief, comprising down-turned shell-guard decorated with scrolls enclosing the crowned double eagle in the centre, quillon formed as a deer's foot, knuckle-guard and horn grip-scales, in its scabbard; the second by Wooley; the third dated 1865, in its scabbard; the fourth dated 1853, and the fifth retaining its locking ring
the first: 46.5cm; 18 3/8in blade
(5)£300-400
106.    A WEST RUSSIAN SWORD (SHASQUA), LATE 19TH CENTURY AND AN INFANTRY SHORTSWORD, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY
the first with curved fullered blade etched with patriotic inscriptions including 'Vivat Szlachty', a mounted knight and a crowned eagle displayed, struck with a cyrillic inscription on each side of the forte, brass stirrup hilt, including pierced quillon, and spirally-carved wooden grip (small cracks), in its brass-mounted brown leather scabbard; the second with tapering double-edged blade, and steel hilt including down-curved quillon, dish-guard, knuckle-guard and pommel
78.5cm; 31in blade£300-400
107.    A BALLOCK DAGGER, LATE 15TH/16TH CENTURY
in excavated condition, with tapering blade of stiff-diamond section over its upper two thirds, the lower third single-edged and cut with a slender fuller along the back-edge, etched and gilt with a panel of scrollwork at the forte, latten hilt comprising a pair of characteristic nodules, cap pommel, and spirally-carved bone grip (cracked, small chips)
35.5cm; 13 7/8in£1500-2500
108.    A BALLOCK DAGGER, LATE 15TH/16TH CENTURY
in excavated condition, with tapering single-edged blade of triangular section, tapering wooden grip of characteristic form including two basal lobes (cracked, two detached chips) and the pommel with a small brass tang washer
32cm; 12 5/8in

Found in the River Thames near Three Cranes Wharf. £350-450
109.    AN IMPORTANT GERMAN RENAISSANCE SILVER-MOUNTED HAND-AND-A-HALF SWORD, DATED 1540
with earlier tapering double-edged blade of flattened-hexagonal section, cut with a short central fuller and retaining traces of the sacred inscription 'I.N.R.I.' on each face, the forte with a cross-and-orb mark on each face, steel hilt encased in engraved and gilt sheet silver, comprising a pair of straight tapering quillons with moulded terminals each fitted with a silver-gilt rosette button, moulded silver-gilt scabbard cap pierced on each side perhaps for an applied ornament (now missing), plummet-shaped pommel gadrooned on the top and fitted with rosette tang button en suite with the quillons, the lower portion decorated with an acanthus band, two-stage wooden grip, the upper portion encased in engraved and gilt sheet silver, decorated at the top with a band of acanthus, the lower portion bound with silver-gilt ribband (an early replacement), the pommel, grip and scabbard cap engraved with scrolls and sprays of running fig foliage (rubbed), in its original silver-gilt scabbard lined with wooden fillets, formed of four sections and a chape, each fitting into each other at a plain junction (partly reconstructed, previously covered by applied mouldings), the four sections formed of a front and a rear panel (two replaced) joined by a slender moulded frame, pierced and engraved with delicate sprays and scrolls of running fig foliage (minor restorations), the top panel decorated with the winged figure of Justice, the middle with the figure of Death above the date, and the reverse of the forte painted with an inventory number, perhaps 770
95cm; 37 1/2in blade

Provenance

Dr. Ing. H. C. M. Dreger, sold Fischer & Kahlert, Luzern, 2 August 1927, lot 75.

The Property of a Lady, sold Christie's, King Street, 30th April 1986, lot 207.

Literature

Dr. Ing. E.H. Max Dreger, Waffensammlung Dreger, Berlin, 1926, cat. Nr. 63

The decoration is in the manner of Heinrich Aldegrever of Paderborn (born 1502, died sometime between 1555-61). Three superb engraved designs of daggers with sectional scabbards by Aldegrever are dated 1536, 1537 and 1539. See J. Hayward 1976, p.314 and Wheeler 1998, pp.50-51.

The distinguished quality of the present sword places it amongst a small group of highly decorated pieces of the same date, all of which appear to be have been preserved in old collections from the earliest times. The closest example to the present sword is that of King Gustav Vasa of Sweden, attributed to an unknown Brunswick maker, dating to circa 1535-40 and preserved in the Treasury of Uppsala Cathedral. Another is preserved in the Treasury of Cracow Cathedral, originating from the tomb of King Sigismund Augustus I of Poland. Other examples are preserved in the Historisches Museum Dresden and Krems Munster (inv. no. STA 4). See H. Seitz. 1956-8, pp. 165-6; the same author 1965, pp.277-284; Z. Zygulski 1982, p.44 and Krems 1971, cat. No. 449.
£30000-40000
110.    A BRUNSWICK STATE TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD OF THE GUARD OF JULIUS, DUKE OF BRUNSWICK AND LÜNEBURG IN WOLFENBÜTTEL (1528-89), NO. 167, DATED 1573
with straight double-edged blade of flattened-diamond section, stamped with two differing bladesmith's marks, in a shield a tankard on one face and on the other a further shield filled with two vertical panels filled with a sword and a chevron, rectangular ricasso formed with a pair of slender up-turned lugs in the middle, boldly incised with the crowned Ducal monogram, the number and the date within a linear frame on each side, iron hilt comprising a pair of ribbon-like quillons each interrupted by a chiselled and engraved fish-shaped moulding, curled forward and back at the respective down-curved terminals, a pair of small flat engraved serpentine lugs at the base, engraved inner and outer ring-guards, each interrupted with three baluster mouldings and filled with a saltire, the former with thumb-ring, thick pierced crutch-shaped pommel, and later leather-covered wooden grip
134cm; 52 3/4in blade

Provenance
The Hanoverian Royal Collections, Schloss Marienburg

For a discussion of this group and other examples sold in these rooms see Thomas Del Mar Ltd 8th December 2010, lot 155.£15000-20000
111.    A NORTH GERMAN TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD, LATE 16TH CENTURY, PROBABLY BRUNSWICK
with multi-stage blade struck with large fleur-de-lys marks on each face, the ricasso struck with bladesmith's mark and incorporating a pair of lugs, steel hilt comprising a pair of ribbon-like quillons each interrupted by an engraved fish-shaped moulding, curled forward and back at the respective down-curved fluted terminals, a pair of small flat serpentine lugs at the base, engraved inner and outer ring-guards, each fitted with a central plate pierced with heart-shaped apertures, thick pierced crutch-shaped pommel, and later leather-covered wooden grip
108.5cm; 42 3/4in blade

Provenance
The Hanoverian Royal Collections, Schloss Marienburg£6000-8000
112.    A NORTH GERMAN TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY BRUNSWICK
with straight double-edged blade, tapering forte stamped with a mark on one side, rectangular ricasso incorporating a pair of lugs, iron hilt of flattened bars, comprising a pair of strong curved quillons tightly curled inwards and outwards at the respective terminal and interrupted by fish mouldings, stamped on one side with a mark, the letter 'A' in a rondel, inner and outer ring-guard each filled with a plate, faceted plummet-shaped pommel, decorated throughout with engraved scrolls and leather-covered moulded grip
121.2cm; 47 3/4in blade£4000-6000
113.    A NORTH EUROPEAN BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD (TESSAK), SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY, NORTH GERMAN OR SCANDINAVIAN
with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, rectangular ricasso with blunt edges, incised with a pattern of straight and wavy lines on each face, steel hilt of characteristic form, comprising basket-guard of faceted bars on a double shell-guard pierced with trefoils at the inner corners, a pair of vertically-recurved quillons with bulbous terminals chiselled with a pattern of raised dots, the basket set with numerous low bosses chiselled en suite, mushroom-shaped pommel chiselled with a matching band around the base, original faceted button (areas of light pitting), and original faceted leather-covered wooden grip
94.5cm; 37 1/4in blade£4000-6000
114.    A FINE GERMAN SWEPT-HILT RAPIER WITH BLUED-STEEL HILT, CIRCA 1600
with sharply tapering blade of diamond section (a very small portion ground), tapering ricasso stamped with the mark of Wolfgang Stantler, the letters ST arranged vertically beneath a crown, blued-steel hilt of flattened rounded bars comprising down-curved quillon with flattened globular terminal, knuckle-guard, outer ring-guard joined at the base to the lower ring-guard, trifurcated inner-guard, and flattened barrel-shaped pommel, original grip of plaited wire and 'Turks' heads', and retaining some early blued finish (oxidised to a brown throughout)
84cm; 33in blade

This sword belongs to the well known group of rapiers associated with the Munich Town Guard. A significant number are preserved in the Bavarian Army Museum, Ingoldstadt. Others are preserved in the Royal Armouries Leeds, the Musée Royal de l Armée et d' Histoire Militaire Brussels and the Wallace Collection. Another was sold Sotheby's Olympia 29th June 2007 lot 34. For a discussion of this group see A. V. B. Norman 1980, pp.127-129. £8000-10000
115.    A FINE AND RARE ENGLISH RAPIER WITH SILVER-ENCRUSTED HILT, CIRCA 1620
with straight tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal section, cut with a short fuller on each face, one with a running wolf and a cross mark, each retaining a small portion of latten inlay, rectangular ricasso stamped with a castle mark on each face, steel hilt of flattened rounded bars, comprising a pair of vertically-recurved quillons swelling towards the terminals and with delicate bud-shaped finials, écusson, outer ring-guard swelling in the centre, knuckle-guard en suite with the ring, thumb-loop and large globular pommel, the outer face of the bars encrusted with silver cherubic masks with feathered crowns, scrolling leafy tendrils, ball flowers and fruit all within beadwork frames, the pommel with a central matching mask on each side framed by bold leaves on a ground of scrolling tendrils, the inner face sewn with pellets and further tendrils (the silver rubbed and with minor losses), the thumb-loop plain, and wooden grip retaining an early binding of plaited silver wire and ribband and 'Turks' heads'
95.8cm; 37 3/4in blade

Provenance
Christie's, King Street, 22nd July 1992, Lot 39

The decoration of this hilt is almost certainly by the same hand as a sword sold in these rooms, 12th December 2007, lot 285. The use of cherub masks with feathered crowns is particularly unusual. Both are related to a rapier in the Wallace Collection, inv. no. A596. The Wallace rapier originated from William Meyrick and was described in the 1861 catalogue as 'hilt and pommel....stated to have been recently dug up at Saffron Walden;....A suitable blade...has been added...'. The quality of both the decoration and the hilt itself would suggest that both originate from a Royal London workshop, such as that of Nathaniel Matthewe (recorded 1584-1641). Matthewe is mentioned in the Great Wardrobe accounts in the early 17th Century where it appears that he was required to supply swords for specific occasions such as for the enrolment of a Knight of the Bath and the installation of a Garter Knight. On 28th September 1614 he is recorded supplying '....a hunting weapon with a knife....set with cherubs' heads of silver, the whole damascened with gold embossed and chased, the grip of large silver wire gilded.....'. See A. V. B. Norman 1986, p. 138 and L. Southwick 2001, pp. 178-179. Three hilts of this group are currently on exhibition at the Wallace Collection, London: The Noble art of the Sword, Fashion and Fencing in Renaissance Europe, circa 1520-1630, cat. nos. 3.09, 3.10, 3.11.£4000-6000
116.    AN ITALIAN SWEPT-HILT RAPIER, EARLY 17TH CENTURY
with tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal then flattened-diamond section, retaining traces of a stamped inscription within a short fuller on each face, tapering ricasso engraved with a maker's mark on each side, chiselled steel hilt formed of a symmetrical arrangement of moulded bars comprising a pair of vertically recurved quillons with bulbous terminals each pierced with an elaborate pattern of interlacing branches, triangular écusson, knuckle-guard, outer ring-guard joined to the knuckle-guard by an additional bar, two lower ring-guards of diminishing size, the lower fitted with a pierced sprung-in plate (the outer missing its plate), a pair of arms, globular pommel pierced with an elaborate pattern of interlacing twigs matching the quillons, and the bars all interrupted with globular mouldings pierced en suite with the quillons and pommel (later grip, pitted and cleaned throughout)
112cm; 44in blade

Provenance
Warwick Castle, Inv. no. E034, sold in these rooms 26th June 2007 lot 251£3000-4000
117.    A RAPIER WITH BLUED STEEL HILT, PROBABLY GERMAN, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY
with long blade of flattened-hexagonal section (areas of pitting), stamped 'SHAGVM' within a short fuller framed by lines and punched designs on each side of the forte, tapering rectangular ricasso cut with incised lines at the borders, steel hilt of rounded bars, comprising vertically-recurved quillons with moulded bud-shaped terminals, a pair of moulded arms, a pair of additional frontal bars each with a terminal matching the quillons, outer ring-guard strongly curved down in the centre with a further matching moulding and interrupted on each side with an ovoidal moulding, trifurcated inner-guard, large ovoid pommel with moulded button, with later dark blue finish and the grip with a later binding of plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
120.5 cm; 47 1/2in blade£2000-3000
118.    A GERMAN SWEPT-HILT RAPIER, CIRCA 1610-20
with slender blade of flattened-diamond section cut with a short fuller on each face and cut with a running wolf mark inlaid in copper on the reverse, tapering ricasso struck with a series of marks and punched ornament extending over the base of the blade (rubbed), iron hilt of flattened-rounded bars, including strongly down-curved rear quillon, recurved vertical knuckle-guard, diagonal outer-guard joining the base of the knuckle-guard to the rear arm, small inner ring-guard drawn-up on the outer side to form a single up-turned bar, fluted barrel-shaped pommel, the principal bars decorated with fluting at the terminals, and later grip bound with wire and 'Turks' heads'
95.1cm; 37 1/2in blade£2000-3000
119.    A GERMAN RAPIER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal section, stamped with three decorative marks within a short fuller framed by incised lines on each face, steel hilt including a pair of vertically-recurved flattened quillons, outer ring-guard joined to a lower shell-guard by a pair of short arms, inner ring-guard incorporating a thumb-loop at the top and a further solid guard beneath, flattened cylindrical pommel, and leather-covered wooden grip
90.8cm; 35 3/4in blade
£600-800
120.    A COMPOSITE NORTH EUROPEAN SWEPT-HILT RAPIER, CIRCA 1620
with tapering two-stage blade, the upper portion of flattened-hexagonal section, the lower stamped with a brief inscription, perhaps 'Pedro de Velmonte en Toldedo' in a central fuller framed by a pair of slender fullers, tapering ricasso stamped with the bladesmith's marks, the letters 'S' and 'T' crowned (the tip of the blade shortened), steel hilt of faceted bars, comprising a pair of straight quillons swelling towards the terminals, three outer ring-guards of increasing size, each swelling in the centre, the uppermost joined to the knuckle-guard by an additional bar, trifurcated inner-guard, associated reblued faceted ovoid pommel (perhaps later, the steel parts pitted throughout), the hilt retaining traces of gold-damascened scrollwork, and the grip bound with plaited wire with 'Turks' heads'
105cm; 41 3/8in blade£400-600
121.    A DUTCH CAVALRY SWORD OF THE TYPE ASSOCIATED WITH THE AMSTERDAM TOWN GUARD, SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with double-edged blade cut with a running wolf mark stamped 'SAHAGOM' between a series of crosses within a short fuller on each face, stamped with Amsterdam town mark on one side and the bladesmith's stamp, the letter 'P' crowned, on the other, steel hilt of characteristic form including inner and outer ring-guard each fitted with a sprung-in plate pierced with an arrangement of stars and circles, the forward plate painted with an inventory number (loose), knuckle-guard, thumb-loop, scrolling quillon stamped with a clover leaf mark on one side, spherical pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
92.5cm; 36 1/2in blade

For a discussion of this group of swords see H.L.Visser, 1996 pp.144-157. £700-900
122.    A RARE DECORATED PARADE SWORD, CIRCA 1770-90, PROBABLY FOR THE SWEDISH CAROUSEL
with broad slightly curved fullered blade, etched with scrolls, strapwork, trophies and a series of panels including Celestial motifs (pitted), brass hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising down-curved quillon, a pair of langets, vertical outer-guard, knuckle-guard, and solid grip all formed as scaly serpents
91.4cm; 36in blade

The carousel divertissements and hastiludes held by King Gustav III during the period 1776-85 were magnificent arrangements of passages of arms which included romantic theatrical games, elements of freemasonry and mystique. The King's obsession with matters medieval and chivalric was the underlying force that created what has been described as the 'total aesthetic experience'. See T. Rangstöm 1992, pp. 437-439.£300-400
123.    A NORTH EUROPEAN MILITARY SWORD 'TESSAK', LATE 16TH CENTURY
with curved blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a long shallow fuller on each face and with traces of a stamped mark on the reverse, steel hilt of flattened bars comprising vertically-recurved quillons swelling towards the tips and with flattened bud-shaped finials, knuckle-guard swelling in the centre, broad shaped outer-guard with bud-shaped terminal at the top fitting into the pommel, attached to the knuckle-guard by an additional curved bar, inner ring-guard, thumb-loop, low pyramidal pommel, and leather-covered wooden grip
82.5cm; 32 1/2in blade£700-900
124.    A NORTH EUROPEAN CAVALRY SWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with curved single-edged blade with traces of a King's head and a running wolf mark, iron hilt of flattened moulded bars, comprising down-curved scrolling quillon, knuckle-guard interrupted by a central baluster moulding, inner and outer ring-guards of differing size, each fitted with a pierced sprung-in plate, the latter rising to an additional bar en suite with the knuckle-guard, thumb-loop, flatted fig-shaped pommel, and spirally-carved wooden grip (binding missing)
74.5cm; 29 1/4in blade

Provenance
Carl Beck, Sursee, inv. no. 52, sold Bonhams Knightsbridge, 29th July 2004, lot 215
£600-800
125.    A CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD, LATE 17TH CENTURY
with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, brass hilt comprising moulded quillon, a pair of moulded ring-guards each filled with a shallow plate, knuckle-guard joined by a pair of scrolling bars to the ring-guards, globular pommel, and wooden grip retaining a portion of its wire binding with a 'Turk's head' top and bottom
87.5cm; 34 1/2in blade
£700-900
126.    AN ITALIAN SHORTSWORD, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with broad curved blade double-edged towards a clipped-back point, stamped with a series of letters (indistinct) within a long slender fuller, and incised with a criss-cross pattern of double lines along the back-edge on each face, rectangular ricasso stamped 'Caino', cut with a further fuller and incised with a pair of lines, fluted steel hilt comprising down-curved forward-canted quillon, recurved knuckle-guard, up-turned scalloped guard, and later carved wooden grip
64.5cm; 25 1/2in blade

Two swords of related type from the Farnese Armoury are illustrated in L. G. Boccia and E. T. Coehlo 1975, nos. 544, 545. For a discussion of the bladesmith and another blade of this type see R. Gotti 2000, pp. 96-100.£600-800
127.    A NORTH ITALIAN SWORD, CIRCA 1620-30, PROBABLY VENETO
with tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal section, cut with a series of recessed panels and with a cross and orb mark on each face, steel 'crab claw' hilt, comprising a pair of down-curved quillons, an additional pair of down-curved arms, outer ring-guard, all decorated with filed ornament, and faceted spherical pommel (later grip)
87cm; 34 1/4in blade£600-800
128.    AN ITALIAN SHORTSWORD, CIRCA 1600
with tapering blade formed with a pair of long deep fullers and a reinforced central rib on each face, steel hilt comprising a pair of strongly down-curved quillons swelling towards the terminals, side-ring, later pommel and grip, the latter bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads' (areas of pitting)
51cm; 20in blade£600-800
129.    A NORTH EUROPEAN DISH-HILT RAPIER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY, AUSTRIAN OR GERMAN
with tapering slender hollow-triangular blade, etched with exotic birds, scrolls of foliage and inscriptions at the forte (the etching rubbed, obscured in places), steel hilt comprising pierced, engraved large shallow circular dish-guard embossed with a pattern of spiralling flutes to form a large expanded flowerhead, a pair of straight slender quillons with attenuated bud-shaped terminals, quillon-block chiselled with volutes and scrolls, tall fluted ovoid pommel formed en suite with the quillon terminals, and retaining an early grip of twisted wire and 'Turks' heads'
111cm; 43 3/4in blade£2000-3000
130.    AN ENGLISH RAPIER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with tapering blade stamped 'Andria Ferara' within a short fuller on each face, steel hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with tightly scrolling terminal (repairs), cup-guard chiselled with a cavalryman and a portrait medallion on the respective sides, all on a ground of scrolling foliage, drawn-up on one side to join the knuckle-guard, the latter interrupted by a grotesque moulding, plummet-shaped pommel chiselled with further portrait medallions, and the grip bound with copper wire and 'Turks' heads' (the hilt pitted)
101.5cm; 40in blade

£700-900
131.    A NORTH EUROPEAN DISH-HILT RAPIER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY, AUSTRIAN OR GERMAN
with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, steel hilt, comprising pierced, engraved large shallow circular dish-guard decorated with bold sprays of foliage issuant from a base of scrolls, a pair of quillons with chiselled bud-shaped finials, quillon-block decorated with further scrolls and foliage, tall ovoid pommel decorated en suite, and spirally-moulded grip bound with wire and 'Turks' heads' (the steel; parts lightly pitted, grip worn)
105cm; 41 1/2in blade
£400-700
132.    A COMPOSITE CUP-HILT RAPIER, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY ITALIAN
with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, stamped 'Claudio Francini' between a series of decorative marks within a slender fuller on each face, steel hilt including petal-shaped cup-guard pierced and chiselled with scrolling tendrils enclosing delicate flowerheads within frames of cornucopia, a pair of vertically-recurved quillons, later ovoid pommel, and later wire-bound grip with 'Turks' heads'
116.5cm; 45 7/8in blade£500-700
133.    A SPANISH RAPIER, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with earlier broad tapering double-edged fullered blade cut with a running wolf mark on one face, tapering ricasso, symmetrical steel hilt comprising shallow figure-of-eight shaped cup-guard with strongly moulded brim, finely pierced small guardapolvo, a pair of quillons (bent), knuckle-guard en suite with the brim, faceted pommel, and iron-bound grip with plaited wire covering between iron collars
86cm; 34in blade
£700-900
134.    A RARE GARNITURE OF A SPANISH CUP-HILT RAPIER AND LEFT-HAND DAGGER, EARLY 18TH CENTURY
the rapier with two-stage tapering blade, stamped 'Tomaso Ayala [?]' and 'en Toledo' within a short fuller on the respective faces, steel hilt comprising cup-guard decorated with a pair of incised lines on the outside, finely-roped brim, pierced guardapolvo formed as an expanded flowerhead, a pair of straight slender writhen quillons with moulded terminals, knuckle-guard formed en suite, spirally-fluted bun-shaped pommel, and leather-covered grip bound with plaited wire, the dagger with two-stage blade, the upper portion of diamond section, cut with a series of notches at the base, broad ricasso, hollowed for the thumb and incorporating a pair of blade-catchers, steel hilt comprising straight quillons, broad knuckle-guard with finely roped brim, and spirally-fluted bun-shaped pommel all matching the rapier, and leather-covered grip bound with plaited wire
96.5cm; 38in rapier blade
33.8cm; 13 3/8in dagger blade
(2)£1500-2500
135.    A RARE EAST EUROPEAN SWORD, LATE 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY POLISH
with straight blade double-edged for its last third (tip chipped), cut with a pair of slender fullers, stamped twice with the bladesmith's marks and 'Andrea' and Feraro' on the respective faces, iron hilt of karabella form, comprising strongly down-curved quillons with flattened bud-shaped terminals, a pair of langets, a pair of horn grip-scales carved with chevrons (small chips and cracks), retained by five pairs of iron rivets, and enclosed by a brass band
99.5cm; 39 1/4in blade£1200-1800
136.    A RARE SWISS CAVALRY SABRE, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with curved blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a slender fuller along the back-edge, brass hilt comprising down-curved quillon chiselled as a hound's head, asymmetrical double shell-guard cast on the outer face with a pair of lions supporting a crown on the front and a lion passant on the reverse, frontal guard and knuckle-guard each interrupted by globular mouldings and joined by a diagonal bar en suite, matching inner-guard, thumb-loop, finely-chiselled pommel formed as a hound's head, and spirally-moulded brass grip
85cm; 33 1/2in blade£800-1000
137.    A NORTH EUROPEAN RAPIER, CIRCA 1630
with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, stamped 'Iohannis Wirsberch me fecit' and ''Iohannis Wirsberch Solingen' between a series of decorative marks within a short fuller on the respective faces, steel hilt of flattened bars, comprising a pair of vertically recurved quillons, tongue-shaped écusson, upper and lower ring-guards each interrupted by a recessed oval moulding and the lower fitted with a pierced sprung-in plate, inner-guard formed of two slender bars and a small oval plate, tapering slightly compressed ovoid pommel, the outer surface engraved in imitation of tree bark, the central mouldings and terminals chiselled with leafy mouldings, and retaining an early spirally-moulded grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
97.5cm; 38 1/2in blade

A sword with a hilt of similar form decorated in the same manner, formerly in the collections of His Serene Highness, the Prince of Liechtenstein, was sold Christie's King Street, 3rd July 1991, lot 90.
£3000-5000
138.    A NORTH EUROPEAN RAPIER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, stamped ''MMANHV' in a short fuller framed by slender lines on each face, tapering ricasso stamped with the bladesmith's mark, the letter 'S' crowned, steel hilt of flattened bars, comprising a pair of vertically-recurved quillons chiselled with an expanded flowerhead on the terminals, outer-guard of three bars, the upper two joined to the knuckle-guard and the lower joined by a pair of short arms to a scalloped plate, inner-guard formed of a pair of curved bars joined to the knuckle-guard, thumb-loop, ring-guard and an incised basal plate, hexagonal pommel (patinated), and spirally-carved grip with an early brass wire and ribband binding between 'Turks' heads'
101cm; 39 3/4in blade£1000-1500
139.    A SWEPT-HILT RAPIER, CIRCA 1600, ITALIAN OR SPANISH
with blade of flattened-diamond section, cut with a slender fuller on each face, recessed rectangular ricasso struck with the bladesmith's mark of Domingo de Aguirre of Toledo, steel hilt of slender rounded bars comprising straight quillons swelling towards the tips, knuckle-guard, upper and lower ring-guards joined by a c-shaped scrolling frontal bar, the former joined to the knuckle-guard, a pair of arms, trifurcated inner-guard rising to join the knuckle-guard by a single bar, faceted ovoid pommel incised with an oval on each face (patinated), and the grip retaining an early binding of plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
108cm; 42 1/2in blade

Domingo de Aguirre is recorded in Toledo in the early 17th century. See H. Seitz 1968, p. 269-70
£1500-2500
140.    A NORTH EUROPEAN PAPPENHEIM RAPIER, CIRCA 1630
with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, rectangular ricasso stamped with the bladesmith's mark within a large oval frame on each side, symmetrical steel hilt of rounded bars, comprising a pair of vertically-recurved quillons with moulded spatulate terminals, fluted écusson, knuckle-guard en suite with the quillons, inner and outer ring-guards each fitted with a pierced sprung-in plate (one replaced), an additional lower ring-guard, upper ring-guard joined to the knuckle-guard and to the main ring by two further curved bars, faceted pommel formed with a ridge on each side (patinated throughout), and the grip bound with brass wire and 'Turks' heads'
103cm; 40 1/2in blade
£2000-3000
141.    A NORTH EUROPEAN PAPPENHEIM RAPIER, CIRCA 1630
with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, rectangular ricasso struck with a brass-lined running wolf mark on each side (small losses), symmetrical steel hilt of flattened bars, comprising a pair of vertically-recurved quillons with moulded spatulate terminals, fluted écusson, knuckle-guard en suite with the quillons, three inner and outer ring-guards, the uppermost joined to the knuckle-guard by a bar, the lowest fitted with a sprung-in plate pierced with circles and diamonds and joined to the middle ring by a pair of bars, faceted plummet-shaped pommel (areas of light pitting), and the grip bound with brass wire and 'Turks' heads'
101.5cm; 40in blade£2000-3000
142.    A TRANSITIONAL SWORD, MID-17TH CENTURY
with tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal section, stamped with a series of letters within a pair of short fullers on each face, steel hilt comprising asymmetrical double shell-guard pierced and chiselled with foliage inhabited by a pair of addorsed serpenthead scrolls on each side, foliate brim, quillon-block chiselled with scrolls and a scale pattern, a pair of short scrolling arms, quillon chiselled as a mulberry, knuckle-guard interrupted by a central moulding en suite with the quillon, ovoid pommel chiselled with further scrolls and scale patterns, and the grip retaining an early binding of plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
92cm; 36 1/4in blade
£1000-1500
143.    A NORTH EUROPEAN RAPIER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY ENGLISH
with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, border-engraved ricasso, russet steel hilt of faceted bars comprising outer guard formed of a pear-shaped framework of bars fitted in the centre with a pierced scalloped plate, a pair of vertically-recurved quillons with stylised serpent head finials, knuckle-guard interrupted by a central moulding formed of a rondel flanked by foliage, a pair of arms, inner-guard with a matching scalloped plate, chiselled waisted ovoid pommel, the principal bars interrupted with mouldings en suite with the knuckle-guard, the inner and outer plates each with traces of gilt paint, and the grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads', and with an brass inventory tag
109cm; 43in blade£2000-2500
144.    A FINE DUELLING RAPIER, CIRCA 1640, PROBABLY ENGLISH
with long slender blade of slightly hollow-diamond section, engraved with three dense sprays of scrollwork on each side of the forte, dividing the inscriptions 'Virtus Funeri Su Perstes', 'Constantes Fortuna Iuuat', 'Gloria Virtutem Se Tvitur' and 'Legitime Et Certantibus', sharply tapering ricasso, steel hilt comprising shallow scalloped dish-guard pierced with minute holes arranged as delicate flowerheads, a pair of straight quillons with tightly scrolling terminals, joined to the dish by a pair of arms on each side (one arm with a small chip), fluted quillon-block, tall fluted ovoid pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads', applied with a metal inventory tag
113cm; 44 1/2in blade

The hilt conforms to Norman type 97. For a discussion of the group see A.V.B. Norman 1980, p. 172.
£2000-3000
145.    A FINELY DECORATED CUP-HILT RAPIER, PROBABLY SPANISH
with tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal section, stamped with the bladesmith's name 'Julian de Zamura' between a series of decorative marks within a short fuller on each face, tapering ricasso, chiselled steel hilt, comprising deep cup-guard decorated with Classical profiles, angelic demi-figures, crowned double eagles and foliage all within an elaborate series of ropework frames on a bed of scrolling foliage inhabited by exotic birds, serpentheads and a hound in pursuit of a fox (very small chips), a pair of straight writhen quillons with fluted button-shaped terminals, knuckle-guard formed en suite, guardapolvo pierced and chiselled with a matching design of flowerheads within ropework frames (screws missing), pierced openwork plummet-shaped pommel chiselled en suite with the guard, and the grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
111cm; 43 3/4in blade£2500-3500
146.    A VENETIAN SCHIAVONA, LATE 18TH CENTURY
with tapering blade stamped with a crown mark ahead of a short fuller on each face, steel hilt of characteristic form comprising strongly forward-curved quillon with moulded terminal, basket-guard formed of a trellis pattern of bars including two diagonal panels pierced with c-shaped scrolls, thumb-loop, brass shield-shaped pommel, and sharkskin-covered grip
85.5cm; 33 3/4in blade
£600-800
147.    A RAPIER IN NORTH EUROPEAN 17TH CENTURY STYLE
with broad flat double-edged blade stamped with a series of marks within three slender fullers on each face, fullered ricasso, symmetrical steel hilt of faceted bars, comprising vertically-recurved quillons, upper and lower ring-guard joined by a diagonal bar, the lower joined to the quillon-block by a pair of arms and incorporating a single up-turned basal bar, flattened ovoid pommel, and spirally-moulded grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
92cm; 36 1/4in blade£800-1200
148.    A NORTH EUROPEAN PAPPENHEIM RAPIER IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering fullered blade, steel hilt of fluted bars, including recurved quillons, knuckle-guard, three inner and outer ring-guards, the lowest fitted with a sprung-in plate pierced with crosses, fluted pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
99.5cm; 39 1/4in blade£600-800
149.    THE HUNTING SWORD OF PETER HINRICH FUHRMAN (1714-1773), VINTNER TO THE SWEDISH ROYAL COURT
with curved single-edged blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a very slender fuller along the back-edge, etched and gilt with a vertical arrangement of trophies and figures, the back-edge with a gilt criss-cross pattern, inscribed with the owner's name on one face of the forte (a small area above erased) and 'Vive La Bon Cause' on the other, gilt-brass hilt cast in low relief, comprising small shell-guard decorated with a stag set upon by a hound, a pair of straight quillons, knuckle-guard, cap pommel and natural staghorn grip (one retaining rivet missing)
53.5cm; 21in blade

Peter Hinrich Fuhrman (1714-1773) lived at Svartmangatan 22 in the Old Town of Stockholm. He is recorded as supplying wine to the Royal Court and as the owner of a tavern at Svartmangatan 20.

The area at the forte above the owner's name might have carried a portrait of Gustav III that was erased after his assassination in 1792.£1500-2000
150.    AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED HUNTING SWORD, LONDON SILVER HALLMARKS FOR 1746
with straight blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a long central fuller and a further slender fuller on each face, silver hilt (marks indistinct), cast and chased in low relief, comprising down-curved shell-guard formed as a wildman mask issuant with rococo scalloped shells and scrolls, quillon formed as a further mask, quillon-block chiselled with a grotesque on each side, knuckle-guard interrupted by a scalloped moulding and an espagnolette mask on each side (minor repair at the top), cap pommel en suite with the quillon-block, and the grip formed of contrasting panels of dark and light horn
63.5cm; 25in blade£700-900
151.    A CONTINENTAL HUNTING PLUG BAYONET, 18TH CENTURY
with broad tapering double-edged blade, moulded steel hilt comprising a pair of short 'bow tie' quillons, down-turned scalloped shell-guard, and tapering horn grip with bulbous base inset with brass nails and horn rondels (pommel cap missing)
32.3cm; 12 3/4in
£300-400
152.    A GERMAN HUNTING SWORD, LATE 18TH CENTURY
with slightly curved blade double-edged towards the point, engraved with bold sprays of foliage on each face and with further patterns along the back-edge, brass hilt comprising ring-guard, a pair of moulded quillons with globular terminals, brass back-strap, and shaped wooden grips in the Turkish fashion retained by three pairs of brass-capped rivets
45cm; 17 3/4in blade£250-350
153.    THREE GERMAN HORSE BITS AND A SINGLE STIRRUP, 17TH CENTURY
the first with file-moulded side-bars and retaining traces of original tinned finish; the second incorporating a plate-linked bit; the third with u-shaped mouth-piece, and the fourth of russet steel, with openwork tread and a pair of bars rising to a swivelling rectangular loop for suspension
the first: 20.3cm; 8in
(4)£350-450
154.    AN ITALIAN LEFT-HAND DAGGER, CIRCA 1600
with tapering blade of hollow-diamond section, flattened for the thumb on the reverse of the forte, steel hilt of crab-claw form, comprising a pair of moulded down-curved quillons, a pair of inner arms formed en suite, outer ring-guard interrupted by a filed moulding, fitted beneath with a scalloped plate and a further ring-guard, faceted pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
49cm; 19 1/4in
£2000-3000
155.    A LEFT-HAND DAGGER, CIRCA 1600, ITALIAN OR GERMAN
with robust blade of tapering-diamond section, rectangular ricasso slightly recessed and stamped with the bladesmith's mark, the letter 'P' on each side, steel hilt comprising a pair of faceted down-curved quillons swelling towards the tips, moulded quillon-block, small side-ring, fluted barrel-shaped pommel, and the grip with a later binding of plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
40cm; 15 3/4in
£800-1000
156.    A LEFT-HAND DAGGER, CIRCA 1600, ITALIAN OR GERMAN
with tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal section, inlaid with a brass-lined bladesmith's mark at the forte, the edges cut with a series of deep notches for blade-catching (perhaps later), steel hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons of flattened oval section, side-ring interrupted by a central moulding, ovoid pommel, and later grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
38cm; 15in£400-600
157.    AN ENGLISH PLUG BAYONET, CIRCA 1680-90
with tapering blade double-edged towards the tip, stamped with a King's head mark on one side, cast and chiselled brass hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with warrior head terminals, matching pommel, and turned hardwood grip
44cm; 17 1/4in

Provenance
Warwick Castle (inv. no. E023), sold in these rooms 12th December 2007, lot 299.
£1000-1500
158.    A SPANISH LEFT-HAND DAGGER, LAST QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with tapering diamond section blade, rectangular forte cut with a series of blade-catching notches, hollowed on the reverse for the thumb, steel hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons writhen towards their button-shaped terminals, petal-shaped up-turned guard pierced around the border with a running pattern of scrolling foliage and flowers, the top formed as a terminal en suite with the quillons and almost reaching the pommel, flattened bun-shaped pommel, and later grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
51cm; 20 1/8in£800-1000
159.    AN ITALIAN STILETTO, MID-17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY BRESCIA
with tapering blade of stiff-triangular section, formed with a baluster moulding at the forte, contemporary cross-piece (probably an early association) cast and chiselled with a pair of bud-shaped terminals, finely pierced and chiselled grip formed as a pair of addorsed marine monsters rising to a helmeted warrior head pommel, all enriched with delicate bands of foliage highlighted with engraving, in its steel-mounted leather scabbard with locket and chape each decorated with scrolls on a punched ground, the former with a single ring for suspension
30cm; 11 7/8in

A similar stiletto signed by the distinguished steel chiseller Carlo Bottarelli is preserved in the Poldi Pezzoli Museum, Milan. See L. G. Boccia and E. T. Coelho 1975, nos 666-8.£800-1000
160.    AN ITALIAN STILETTO, MID-17TH CENTURY
with tapering blade of stiff-triangular section, formed with a baluster moulding at the forte, moulded hilt comprising cross-piece bud-shaped terminals, spirally-moulded grip, and pommel formed en suite with the cross-piece, decorated throughout with raised bands of dentil moulding
30cm; 11 7/8in
£500-700
161.    A VENETIAN SWORD (SCHIAVONA), CIRCA 1780
with broad flat tapering blade, signed 'Abraham Stamm' and 'In Solingen' within a short fuller on the respective faces, iron hilt comprising forward-curled quillon, basket-guard incorporating a trellis pattern in the upper portion at the front, and the uppermost bar of the rear pierced with a series of holes, perhaps for a liner, cut with a brief Cyrillic inscription on the reverse, brass shield-shaped pommel (hilt ring missing), and later grip
80cm; 31 1/2in blade

A schiavona dated 1781 with a hilt from this group was formerly in the Oldman Collection and is now preserved in the Royal Armouries, Leeds, inv. no. IX. 917. See A. R. Dufty 1974, pl.45b. £700-900
162.    A VENETIAN SWORD (SCHIAVONA), LATE 17TH CENTURY
with broad tapering blade cut with a short fuller on each face, the outer face cut with a large wheel mark and inlaid with a running wolf (pitted, the forward portion repaired), steel hilt comprising forward curled quillon, and basket-guard incorporating a trellis pattern (the rear portion of the hilt removed), and shield-shaped pommel chiselled with an expanded flowerhead on each side, and wire-bound leather-covered grip
96.5cm; 38in blade£350-400
163.    A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BACKSWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY FOR THE BRITISH CAVALRY
with robust straight fullered blade (the tip shortened), steel basket-hilt formed of a square and a rectangular panel each pierced with characteristic circles and hearts (probably reduced in its early life), a loop for the reins, bun-shaped pommel and staghorn grip (areas of pitting, one bar cracked)
97.5cm; 38 1/2in blade

For another hilt of this type see A. Darling 1969, p.83.£200-300
164.    AN ENGLISH CAVALRYMAN'S BACKSWORD, CIRCA 1610-30
with straight blade double-edged towards the point, cut with decorative cross marks and the pious inscriptions 'Who haves me let him ware' and 'for my Christ resolved to die' within a pair of long fullers of differing length, and stamped with the bladesmith's mark, Christ crucified, at the forte on each face, steel hilt of flattened bars, including two saltires each with a central circular panel (pitted, two bars missing, one incomplete), large spherical pommel, and blackened hardwood grip
85cm; 33 1/2in blade

For another hilt of this type see A. Darling 1969, p.80.£1500-2000
165.    A BASKET-HILTED CAVALRY SWORD, FIRST HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY ENGLISH
with tapering fullered blade double-edged for its upper half, steel basket-guard of flattened bars carrying an alternating arrangement of slender rectangular and broader panels (cracks, incomplete), and bun-shaped pommel (pitted)
85cm; 33 1/2in blade£600-800
166.    A FINE ENGLISH MORTUARY SWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with tapering blade double-edged towards the tip, cut with a pair of long slender fullers of differing length on each side, stamped 'Andrea' and 'Ferara' respectively between a series of decorative cross marks, and with the bladesmith's mark at the forte on one side, symmetrical steel hilt comprising a pair of foliate langets, basket-guard pierced and chiselled with scrolling foliage inhabited by birds and masks and carrying three ovals filled with classical figures on the base, the knuckle-guard joined to the front and rear guard by a pair of scrolling bars and with a further pair of scrolling bars, vestigial scrolling quillon, ovoid pommel chiselled with scrolling foliage and with a single mask on one side, and retaining its original wooden grip (light worm damage) with a small portion of its wire binding
83cm; 32 5/8in blade

Provenance
Sotheby's, London, 23rd April 1985, lot 56
The Lamble Collection, sold in these rooms, 9th December 2009, lot 143.
£1800-2000
167.    A SCOTTISH RIBBON-HILTED BROADSWORD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with double-edged blade cut with a running wolf mark, stamped with the inscription 'Iohannis Hartcop' twice between a series of decorative marks and with a cross and orb at each end within a pair of slender fullers on each face, rectangular ricasso, steel basket-guard of ribbon-like bars extending to a small blunt beak at the front, involving saltires incorporating circular panels, s-shaped bars, fitted with a pair of slender rounded bars at the rear, bun-shaped pommel, the main parts of the basket decorated with groups of incised lines, conical pommel, and wooden grip (areas of pitting)
87cm; 34 1/4in blade£2000-2500
168.    A SCOTTISH RIBBON-HILTED BROADSWORD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with double-edged blade stamped with the inscription 'Andrea Farara' within a short fuller with a double eyelash mark between and a running wolf mark ahead on each face, rectangular ricasso stamped with a further mark and cut with two short fullers, steel basket-guard of ribbon like bars extending to a small beak at the front involving saltires incorporating circular panels, s-shaped bars, fitted with a pair of slender bars at the rear, conical pommel, and later grip and liner (the hilt heavily pitted, small cracks and chips)
94cm; 37in blade£1500-2000
169.    A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with broad flat blade stamped 'Andria Ferara' between a series of decorative marks within a short fuller framed by incised lines and with a latten inlaid (losses) cross and orb mark ahead on each face, steel basket-guard of rounded bars carrying a central rectangular panel with a square panel on either side, all pierced with symmetrical arrangements of circles and slipped triangles, the borders with notched patterns, the outer bars of the basket joined by a single s-shaped bar above a ramshorn moulding on each side, scrolling wrist-guard, fluted bun-shaped pommel and spirally-carved wooden grip (covering missing)
76cm; 30in blade
£2000-2500
170.    A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with broad flat blade stamped with a cross and orb mark at each end of a shallow fuller, signed 'Heinrich Hoppe' and 'Me Fecit Soligen' with a double eyelash mark between, dated 1688 and also cut with a running wolf mark on each side, steel basket-guard of flattened rounded bars, carrying an alternating arrangement of slender rectangular and square panels, all pierced with symmetrical arrangements of circles and hearts, the borders with delicate filed cusped ornament, the principal bars cut with flutes and incised patterns, stamped with a criss-cross mark and a further indistinct mark beneath, fluted pommel, retaining a portion of a leather liner, and early spirally-carved wooden grip (cracked, binding missing, wrist-guard)
87cm; 34 1/4in blade
£1500-2500
171.    A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY
with earlier broad double-edged blade stamped 'Andria Varara' between a series of cross-shaped marks within a long slender fuller on each face, rectangular ricasso incised with a line at the edges, steel basket-hilt of rounded bars carrying an alternating arrangement of broad and narrow panels each pierced with symmetrical arrangements of circles and hearts, the surface enriched with fluting, and the principal edges cut with a cusped pattern, scrolling wrist-guard, fluted bun-shaped pommel, fishskin-covered grip (binding missing), and retaining its red doe-skin liner, in its steel-mounted leather scabbard
86.3cm; 34in blade
£1500-2000
172.    A COMPOSITE SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, 18TH CENTURY
with French broad blade inscribed 'Vive Le Roy on one side (pitted), steel basket-guard of flattened bars carrying alternating slender rectangular and square panels all cut with notched borders and pierced with arrangements of circles and stylised hearts (quillon removed), the side panels including ramshorn mouldings at the base, and later conical pommel inscribed 'God save King James the 8th' and with the letters 'IR' crowned, and fishskin-covered wooden grip
83.5cm; 33in blade£700-900
173.    A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY STIRLING
with broad flat blade stamped 'Andrea' and 'Farara' each interspersed with four King's head marks, steel basket-guard of rounded bars carrying a central rectangular panel with a near square panel on either side, all pierced with symmetrical arrangements of hearts and circles (chips and cracks), the outer bars of the basket joined by a single s-shaped bar above a ramshorn moulding on each side, scrolling wrist-guard, with a portion of an early leather liner, and spirally-carved grip (heavily pitted throughout)
83.5cm; 33in blade£1200-1500
174.    A NORTH EUROPEAN SILVER-ENCRUSTED SMALL-SWORD, LATE 17TH CENTURY, ENGLISH OR GERMAN
with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, stamped with the bladesmith's inscription (perhaps Wilhelm Klein) and 'in Solingen' on the respective faces, iron hilt comprising double shell-guard with moulded brim, forward-canted quillon with bulbous terminal, knuckle-guard and globular pommel, decorated throughout with differing narrative scenes on the shell, and further figures on the quillon-block, the knuckle-guard and the pommel, most within beadwork frames (rubbed, minor losses), and later grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
81.2cm; 32in blade£700-900
175.    A NORTH EUROPEAN TRANSITIONAL SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1680
with straight blade of flattened-hexagonal section, etched on each side over its entire length with captioned Classical heroes and other figures comprising Justice, Paris, Camilus, Scipio, Carolus, and Hannibal, each standing on a classical pedestal, the forte with a panel of strapwork, iron hilt chiselled with scrollwork and foliage in low relief, including pierced shell-guard of slightly differing size front and back, a pair of horizontally-recurved short quillons with bud-shaped finials, and globular pommel (light wear associated grip)
71.7cm; 28 ¼ in blade
£500-700
176.    A TRANSITIONAL SWORD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with tapering blade of hollow-diamond section, numbered '5' ahead of a short fuller, the latter retaining traces of the bladesmith's inscription, chiselled steel hilt (areas of pitting), comprising asymmetrical double shell-guard with moulded brim decorated with foliage and celestial masks, a pair of quillons decorated with leaves enclosing the terminals and a running pattern over the rest of their surface, the latter extending over the arms, the quillon-block decorated with classical female portrait profiles, flattened plummet-shaped pommel decorated en suite with the quillon-block, and later grip
85.7cm; 33 3/4in blade£400-600
177.    A NORTH EUROPEAN SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1660-80
with tapering two-stage slender blade, the upper portion of flattened-diamond section and the lower cut with a deep fuller retaining traces of an inscription, steel hilt comprising asymmetrical double shell-guard with moulded brim, a pair of large arms, knuckle-guard, down-curved globular quillon, and globular pommel, chiselled throughout with a finely roped pattern and central nodular mouldings (later grip, patinated)
90.5cm; 35 5/8in blade£350-450
178.    A SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1680, ENGLISH OR DUTCH
with two-stage blade, brass hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising slightly asymmetrical shell-guard with moulded brim, short quillon with bulbous terminal, knuckle-guard, and ovoid pommel, decorated throughout with putti, fruit and foliage, and later grip
82.1cm; 32 3/8in blade
£500-700
179.    A SMALL SWORD, CIRCA 1680 AND ANOTHER, CIRCA 1740
the first with tapering blade stamped with a bladesmith's inscription within a short fuller, steel hilt including asymmetrical shell-guard, quillon-block and pommel all pierced with a design of scrollwork, and carved wooden grip (extensively pitted and worn throughout); the second with associated single-edged blade, steel hilt including shell-guard with moulded brim, knuckle-guard ovoid pommel, and banded ivory grip
the first: 71cm; 28in blade
(2)£250-350
180.    A CONTINENTAL SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1760
with tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal section, etched and gilt over almost its entire surface with scrolling foliage, sunbursts and a rampant lion and retaining some gilding, gilt-brass hilt finely cast and chased in low relief with shell ornament scrolls, foliage and flowers en rocaille, comprising double shell-guard, globular quillon, a pair of arms, quillon-block, knuckle-guard and globular pommel, and the grip bound with plaited copper wire and ribband
83cm; 32 3/4in blade£600-800
181.    A CONTINENTAL SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1760
with tapering blade of hollow-triangular section, etched with scrolls of foliage and retaining some gilding at the forte, gilt-brass hilt finely cast and chased in low relief with scrolls, foliage and flowers on a punched ground (gilding with losses), comprising double shell-guard, globular quillon, a pair of arms, quillon-block, knuckle-guard and globular pommel, and the grip bound with plaited copper wire and ribband
81.2cm; 32in blade£500-700
182.    A FRENCH SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1780
with slender blade of hollow-triangular section, steel hilt pierced and chiselled with minute flowerheads within a trellis framework, including double shell-guard (bent), globular quillon, knuckle-guard, and hollow ovoid pommel, and the grip bound with twisted wire, ribband and 'Turks' heads'
81.8cm; 32 1/4in blade£350-400
183.    A SMALL-SWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY, ITALIAN OR SPANISH
with earlier blade of diamond-section, stamped 'Tomas Aiala' and 'In Toledo' within a short fuller on the respective faces, steel hilt including shallow cup-guard engraved with border ornament, quillon with flattened globular terminal, knuckle-guard with serpent head finial, ovoid pommel, and later wire-bound grip with 'Turks' heads'
80.5cm; 31 3/4in blade £300-400
184.    A CONTINENTAL SMALL-SWORD, EARLY 19TH CENTURY; ANOTHER;AND A SWEPT HILT RAPIER IN EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 20TH CENTURY
the first with hollow-triangular blade etched and gilt with scrolls and trophies on a blued panel (worn), brass hilt cast in low relief, including double shell-guard decorated with bouquets within ovals, knuckle-guard, solid grip and pommel decorated en suite with the shell; the second with hollow-triangular blade etched and gilt with scrolls on a blued panel at the forte, composite brass hilt including oval shell-guard set with white metal beadwork, in its scabbard; and the third with tapering blade, and cast brass hilt of writhen bars including barrel-shaped pommel decorated with figurative designs within an architectural framework
the first: 79.6cm; 31 3/8in blade
(3)£400-500
185.    A SMALL-SWORD, EARLY 18TH CENTURY
with tapering fullered blade (pitted), brass hilt comprising shell-guard with moulded brim interrupted by a pair of blade-catching apertures each formed as a gaping grotesque, cast with an elongated quatrefoil on each side, a pair of down-curved arms with foliate terminals, slightly down-curved quillon chiselled as a bud, knuckle-guard interrupted by a baluster moulding and with a pierced foliate terminal, and moulded faceted globular pommel
80cm; 31 1/2in blade£200-300
186.    A FRENCH SMALL-SWORD, PARIS CHARGE AND DISCHARGE FOR 1738-44
with tapering blade of hollow-triangular section, etched and gilt with scrolls, trophies and an allegorical figure on a blued panel over the forte, silver hilt cast and chased with rococo ornament in low relief (minor repairs), including double shell-guard decorated with differing scenes including putti within scrollwork frames, quillon with globular terminal, quillon-block decorated with a cupid, knuckle-guard, globular pommel and solid grip decorated with trophies-of-arms and hunting, putti and scrolls en rocialle
80.5cm; 31 3/4in blade£400-600
187.    A FRENCH SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1740
with earlier tapering blade formed with a medial ridge, etched with scrolls of foliage, flowers, the maker's name (worn) and the inscription 'a la tour d'argent sur le...' and 'Bouttitart Fourbisseuer Ordinaire...' (rubbed, partly obscured), silver-plated brass hilt cast and chased with trophies-of-hunting, scrolls and foliage on a punched ground, comprising double shell-guard, globular quillon, a pair of arms, quillon-block, knuckle-guard and globular pommel divided vertically into a series of panels, and solid grip decorated en suite
70.5cm; 27 3/4in blade
£500-700
188.    A FINE FRENCH SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1760
with associated hollow-triangular blade, steel hilt chiselled en rocaille in low relief against a finely punched and gilt ground, comprising double shell-guard (cracked) decorated with differing classical trophies-of-arms including geometrical attributions, short quillon with globular terminal decorated with foliage, the quillon-block, knuckle-guard and pommel all decorated en suite with the shell, original grip bound with plaited silver wire, gilt ribband, and further ribband impressed with minute stars (loose)
81.5cm; 32 1/8in blade£1500-2000
189.    A FRENCH SMALL-SWORD WITH FINELY-CHISELLED GILT-BRASS HILT, CIRCA 1790
with German tapering blade of hollow-triangular section, etched and gilt over the greater part of its surface with allegorical figures, scrolls, trophies-of-arms and the inscription 'Liberty' all on a blued panel, the forte inscribed 'de la manufacture De La Marque à L'Extra fin à Solingen' on a gilt panel, gilt-brass hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising double shell-guard decorated with central ovals filled with differing trophies-of-arms, and beadwork borders interrupted by foliage and garlands, globular quillon, knuckle-guard decorated with further designs of beadwork and foliage, ovoid pommel, and solid grip each decorated with oval panels filled with trophies incorporating Phrygian caps
83.8cm; 33in blade
£1200-1800
190.    AN EAST EUROPEAN SHORT HUNTING SWORD, CIRCA 1780
with broad curved blade double-edged towards the point, inlaid with a brief gold inscription at the forte (small losses), silver hilt cast and chased with rococo ornament in low relief, comprising a pair of vertically-recurved quillons with scalloped terminals, horn grip-scales shaped in the Turkish manner retained by three pairs of rivets with silver foliate heads, in its original fishskin-covered wooden scabbard with silver locket and chape each chased with rococo scrolls and scalloped design (the seam opening)
38.5cm; 15 1/4in blade
£500-800
191.    A GERMAN HUNTING SWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY
with curved blade double-edged towards the point, engraved at the forte with a hand clasping a falchion, a portrait profile and inscriptions including the date 'Anno 1679', 'Solideo Gloria' and 'Pro Aris et Focis' (light pitting), brass hilt cast in low relief, comprising shell-guard decorated with a pair of hounds in combat with a bear, globular quillon formed as a hound's head, knuckle-guard interrupted by a central moulding comrpising a female demi-figure engulfed by a hound's head, cap pommel and green-stained horn grip
62cm; 24 1/2in blade
£350-450
192.    A FINE FRENCH HUNTING SWORD OF EXHIBITION QUALITY MADE FOR GUSTAVE MARIE FRANÇOIS COLLIN DE GÉVAUDON, COMTE DE GÉVAUDON (1814-73) IN THE RUSSIAN TASTE, BY LE PAGE, ARQUEBUSIER DU ROI, CIRCA 1830-40,
with broad double-edged blade of kindjal type, tapering sharply towards the point, cut with an off-set fuller on each face and formed with a rounded edge on one side over the lower third, etched on the front with a pattern of tightly scrolling foliage and flowers sown with pellets, the owner's crowned coat-of-arms, Azure, a saltire argent charged at its centre with an eagle displayed [sable]; in base three stems of lilies [argent]; coronet of a French count, and the maker's name, the reverse etched with a matching design of foliage, steel hilt comprising a pair of straight flattened quillons swelling towards the terminals, scabbard cover, flattened mushroom-shaped pommel, decorated throughout in encrusted silver with scrolls of foliage enriched with encrusted gold pellets within linear borders, the front of the cross-guard with the owner's initials 'GG', the pommel with a nine point coronet, and the button encrusted with a spiralling pattern of encrusted silver foliage and pellets (rubbed), horn grip inlaid with silver wire (small losses), in its original wooden scabbard covered with tooled leather, the outer face decorated with a symmetrical pattern of scrolling leafy tendrils surrounding the owner's crowned coat-of-arms en suite with the blade, fitted with large steel locket and chape (the latter loose, the leather with small cracks and losses, seam loose in places), each decorated with encrusted silver en suite with the hilt, the locket fitted on the outer face with a silver-encrusted belt hook, signed by the maker 'Lepage Arqer du Roi' with silver lines above and below on the inner, and remaining in untouched condition throughout
46.3cm; 18 1/4in blade

Gustave Marie François Collin de Gévaudon, Comte de Gévaudon (1814-73), was eldest son of Edouard Collin de Gévaudon, Comte de Gévaudon and Seigneur de Saucy (1786-1834) by his wife Mlle. Marie Favre de Langry, whom he married in 1813. On 19th October 1840, at Boncourt-le-Bois in the Côte d'Or, Gustave, Comte de Gévaudan, married Mlle. Céline Joly de Bévy. It is possible that the present sword might have been presented on this occasion.

André Jean Prosper Lepage is recorded in Paris circa 1792-1854 where he worked for Kings Louis XVIII, Charles X and Louis Philippe. He is recorded restoring antique armour and weapons and exhibited in the exhibitions of 1827, 1823, 1834 and 1839 where he was awarded a silver medal. He has also been credited with rediscovering the technique of making Damascus barrels. His broad interest in arms of all periods from all over the world is evident in the present sword. The form of the blade and the manner of decoration on the hilt and scabbard are derived from Russian and Caucasian weapons.
£6000-8000
193.    A FRENCH SILVER-MOUNTED HUNTING SWORD, PARIS MARKS FOR 1771, PROBABLY FOR A MEMBER OF THE ROYAL HUNTING PARTY OF LOUIS XVI (1774-91)
with curved blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a long broad shallow fuller, with a series of decorative recesses along the back-edge, and further recessed panels arranged as a cross at the forte on each face, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising a pair of short quillons with tightly scrolling finials, a bearded mask crowned with a wreath forming the langets, stamped with the qa mark, perhaps the maker, a pair of pellets divided by a sword, the letters LJ beneath, ivory grip carved with a rondel filled with the conjoined letters 'L' on one side and the Classical profile of Louis XVI on the other, inset with six slender engraved silver panels (repairs) and a further band around its border, in its original fishskin-covered wooden scabbard with silver locket chased and engraved with garlands and classical trophies
54cm; 21 1/4in blade
£1000-1200
194.    AN ENGLISH SILVER-ENCRUSTED HUNTING HANGAR, MID-17TH CENTURY
with curved blade double-edged towards the point, stamped with the latten-lined bladesmith's mark, a compass, on each side (some inlay missing), steel hilt comprising down-curved quillon with flattened globular finial, down-curved shell-guard pierced on each side, flattened knuckle-guard interrupted by a central moulding en suite with the quillon, characteristic cap pommel joined to the knuckle-guard by a scroll, decorated over its entire surface with beadwork panels filled with silver pellets, and with its original grip of woven silver ribband with a collar at the base en suite with the pommel (heavily patinated throughout, rubbed)
56cm; 22in blade
£500-600
195.    A FRENCH SILVER-MOUNTED HUNTING SWORD, CIRCA 1770
with curved blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a long broad fuller on each face, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief (rubbed, marks indistinct), comprising a pair of short scrolling quillons with moulded borders, bear head pommel decorated in the round, carved ivory grip applied with an engraved silver panel on each side (small losses), and knuckle-chain, in its silver-mounted leather scabbard
55.5cm; 21 7/8in blade£600-800
196.    A FINELY CHISELLED CUP-HILT RAPIER IN SPANISH MID-17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with blade of flattened-diamond section, plain ricasso, steel hilt comprising deep cup-guard, the outer face pierced and chiselled with a symmetrical arrangement of foliage involving pairs of harpies and cornucopia centring on an expanded flowerhead on each side, boldly flanged brim pierced with a running pattern of foliage, a pair of straight steel quillons with chiselled moulded terminals, écusson chiselled with vine foliage, knuckle-guard interrupted by a moulding, and solid pommel finely chiselled with a devil's mask surmounted by a harpy front and back and portrait medallions on each side
104cm; 41in blade
£500-700
197.    A RAPIER IN NORTH EUROPEAN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with earlier blade stamped 'Caino' within a short fuller on each face, steel hilt of rounded bars comprising a pair of quillons with bud-shaped finials, two outer ring-guards, a pair of arms, bifurcated inner-guard and barrel shaped pommel, the principal bars and the pommel decorated with bold filed patterns of spiral fluting, and the grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
115cm; 45 1/4in blade
£700-900
198.    A SWORD IN 11TH/12TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY
with broad blade cut with a broad near full length fuller on each face (small holes), straight cross-piece of near square section, domed pommel, and in aged condition
92cm; 36 1/4in blade
£1000-1500
199.    A SWORD IN VIKING 9TH/EARLY 10TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH/20TH CENTURY
with broad blade (pitted, the tip with a rust perforation) and hilt of iron comprising stout upper and lower guards, the former shorter than the latter, both of lenticular form in plan view with transversely ridged faces covered overall with a continuous series of vertical silver coloured wires (the upper guard with some losses), the upper and lower surfaces of the lower guard showing the remains of brass coloured plating, and the upper guard pierced at each side with a vertical hole for the attachment of a missing pommel
75.2cm; 29 5/8in blade

The hilt when complete would almost certainly have been of Petersen's type H or I, recorded from the late 8th century to the mid-10th century. See I. Pierce 2002, pp. 18-19 & 48-61. Single-edged swords with this type of hilt are preserved in the Nationalmuseet, Copenhagen, nos C 24500 & 24554.
£2000-3000
200.    A GERMAN HALBERD, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with tapering central spike of diamond-section, slightly curved forward-leaning axe-blade, rear spike formed with a short basal lug, tapering socket, a pair of long straps, on its wooden haft with an additional pair of long straps
52cm; 20 1/2in head
£500-800
201.    A GERMAN HALBERD, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with tapering central spike of diamond-section, slightly curved forward-leaning axe-blade pierced with a quatrefoil, rear spike formed with a short shaped lug top and bottom, pierced en suite with the head and stamped with a mark, a pair of long straps, on its wooden haft with an additional pair of long straps
53cm; 21in head£500-700
202.    A PARADE HALBERD, 19TH CENTURY; A SPEAR, LATE 17TH CENTURY; AND AN ETCHED HALBERD, 19TH CENTURY
the first with curved leading edge, spear-shaped central spike, and down-curved rear blade, on its wooden haft applied with a white metal escutcheon engraved with the owner's crest beneath a baronial coronet; the second with leaf-shaped head formed with two pairs of decorated basal lugs (pitted, one lug chipped), and tapering socket, on a later wooden haft; the third with flat strongly crescentic forward-leaning blade, central spike, pierced rear fluke, retaining traces of etched decoration, on a wooden haft
the first: 46cm; 18in head
(3)£600-800
203.    FOUR HALBERDS, 19TH CENTURY
the first two for parade, with flat slightly forward-leaning blades, central spikes of shaped outline, a pair of long straps, on their wooden hafts; the third similar, on a shortened haft carved with a twist pattern; and the fourth with crescentic head, slender central spike, and shortened rear spike, on its haft (pitted throughout)
the first: 37cm; 14 1/2in head
(4)£700-900
204.    AN ITALIAN BILL (RONCONE), EARLY 16TH CENTURY
with tapering spike of flattened-diamond section, flat hook-shaped blade stamped with a series of eyelash and star marks on each face, triangular rear fluke, a pair of tapering slender pyramidal basal lugs, rectangular socket incorporating a moulded sweated-on latten band, and a pair straps (shortened), on a later wooden haft
79cm; 31 1/8in head

Provenance
Galerie Fischer, Lucerne, 7th June 1978, lot 125
John Waldman Collection

Literature
John Waldman, Hafted Weapons of Medieval and Renaissance Europe, 2005, pp.119 and 121, figs. 99a and 99b.£1000-1500
205.    A RARE ITALIAN PARTISAN, CIRCA 1530-40
with broad tapering long robust blade formed with a medial ridge and a pair of slightly up-turned basal lugs, decorated over the lower portion with pointile flowers and linear patterns, faceted tapering socket, and a pair of straps, on a wooden haft
74.5cm; 29 3/8in head

A number of partisans with similar decoration and almost certainly from the guard of Henry VIII are preserved in the Royal Armouries Leeds. See G.M. Wilson 1985 pp.15-20.£1000-1500
206.    A ITALIAN GLAIVE, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with broad curved knife-like blade, the upper portion double-edged, slender up-swept rear spike, a pair of pointed basal lugs, moulded tapering socket, and a single short strap (one strap missing, cleaned), on a later wooden haft
84.2cm; 33 1/8in head

Provenance
John Waldman Collection, sold Bonhams Knightsbridge, 26th November 2008, lot 262

Literature
John Waldman, Hafted Weapons of Medieval and Renaissance Europe, 2005, pp.109 and 111, fig. 92£1000-1200
207.    A ROBE SWORD WITH 17TH CENTURY BLADE, 19TH CENTURY
with broad flat blade cut with a running wolf mark, stamped 'SAHAGUM' between a series of decorative marks within a short fuller on each face, and brass cross-shaped hilt with solid grip
78cm; 30 3/4in blade £100-150
208.    A GERMAN SPEAR, LATE 15TH CENTURY
with triangular blade of flattened-diamond section stamped with a mark on each side and pierced with three holes on each side at the base, short conical socket fitted with a robust up-turned spike on an early wooden haft bound with a trellis pattern of leather
38.5cm; 15 1/8in head

Provenance
The Hanoverian Royal Collections, Schloss Marienburg£800-1000
209.    A RARE BOAR SPEAR, LATE 17TH CENTURY
with long leaf-shaped blade formed with a pronounced medial ridge and a pair of basal lugs each stamped with a pincer mark on the respective sides and a pair of short straps, on a later wooden haft
59.5cm; 23 1/2in head

Provenance
The Royal House of Hanover, Schloss Marienburg

Literature
Dr. J. Fastenau Die Waffensammlung 1910, no. 286
£600-800
210.    A GERMAN BOAR SPEAR, LATE 17TH/EARLY 18TH CENTURY
with leaf-shaped blade of flattened-diamond section, tapering socket, on its painted wooden haft (cracked, losses) retaining much of its original leather trellis binding
45cm; 17 3/4in £600-800
211.    A GERMAN ETCHED PARTISAN, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with broad central blade formed with a pair of broad flat basal lugs, etched on each face with a trophy-of-arms, flowers and a crowned device, perhaps a rampant lion (obscured), tapering socket interrupted by raised mouldings, a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft with moulded brass shoe
34cm; 13 3/8in head£350-450
212.    AN ITALIAN RUNKA, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section, formed with a pair of up-turned crescentic basal arms, each pierced with a small aperture and a notch at the base, tapering faceted socket, and a pair of short straps, on a later wooden haft
70cm; 27 1/2in head£500-700
213.    AN ITALIAN SPONTOON, EARLY 17TH CENTURY
with two-stage blade, the upper portion leaf-shaped, engraved with a pair of figures amidst foliage on either side of a pair of pierced rectangular panels, and the lower portion formed with a pair of engraved slender lugs, pierced with crescents and circles, a pair of strongly up-turned engraved basal arms, engraved conical socket incorporating a characteristic openwork collar of six vertical bars each interrupted by a chiselled mask, and a pair of short straps, on an early wooden haft (light worm damage) studded with numerous brass-capped nails and with its iron shoe
31.5cm; 12 1/4in head

A similar example is preserved in the National Museum, Prague. See J. Šach 1999, p. 80. It has been suggested that these were intended for use by a sergeant of artillery originating from the earlier Buttafuochi.£1000-1500
214.    A RARE NORTH GERMAN PARADE PARTISAN FOR THE GUARD OF ERNST AUGUST DUKE OF BRUNSWICK LÜNEBURG IN CALENBERG (1629-98) LATER ELECTOR OF HANOVER, CIRCA 1679-1692
with broad central blade of flattened-diamond section, widening at the base (cracked on one side) and formed with a pair of short lugs with cusped mouldings top and bottom, decorated in pointilé on each side with palm fronds enclosing the initials 'EA' beneath a ducal coronet (worn), faceted socket interrupted by three pronounced collars, a pair of long straps, on an early wooden haft (recessed for display)
64.8cm; 25 1/2in head

Provenance
The Hanoverian Royal Collections, Schloss Marienburg

Literature
Dr. J. Fastenau, Die Waffensammlung, 1910, no. 128.

Ernst August, Duke Of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Elector Of Hanover and Prince Bishop of Osnabrück (1629-98) was perhaps the most politically astute of the Guelphic Dukes. Under his rule he unified the territories of Calenberg and Lüneburg and introduced the practice of primogeniture in 1683. He supported the Emperor Leopold against the French and the Turks and was made Elector in 1692.
£650-800
215.    AN ITALIAN CORSECA, 17TH CENTURY AND ANOTHER, LATER
the first with tapering central blade of hollow-diamond section, a pair of up-turned basal lugs, and faceted tapering socket, and a pair of straps, on a later wooden haft; the second formed with a central rib on each side (pitted), on a studded wooden haft
the first: 48cm; 19in
(2)£800-1000
216.    AN EAST EUROPEAN SILVER-MOUNTED MACE, 17TH CENTURY
with steel head of six slender shaped flanges, fitted with domed cap, and faceted socket, leather-covered wooden haft fitted with a broad collar top and bottom (rubbed, small dents), each formed with a raised moulding at the terminals and engraved with a spiralling pattern of lines
59cm; 23 1/4in
£3000-5000
217.     RARE SWISS LUCERNE HAMMER, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with long tapering central spike of diamond section, moulded at the base and cut with a slender panel of nodules at the base, the head formed of four flaring spikes, stout down-turned rear spike, a pair of pyramidal side lugs, and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft
50cm; 19 3/4in head£1200-1800
218.    A WAR HAMMER, PROBABLY EAST EUROPEAN, 17TH CENTURY
with steel head formed with a trifurcated frontal point, robust rear spike interrupted by two panels of chevron moulding, a pair of long straps (repaired at the top, probably later replacements), on a wooden haft
49cm; 19 1/4in overall
£300-400
219.    A SPEAR, 18TH CENTURY; AN ITALIAN RONCONE IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE; AN AFRICAN SPEAR; AND TWO PARADE SPEARS, 19TH CENTURY
the first with leaf-shaped blade and tapering socket, on its wooden haft with steel shoe; the second of characteristic form (pitted) on a wooden haft; with very long slender blade of hollow-diamond section, and tapering socket; the last two each with two-stage head incorporating a ring-shaped base, cross-piece, a pair of straps, on its wooden haft (shortened)
the first: 38.5cm; 15 1/4in head
(5)£500-600
220.    AN ETCHED GLAIVE IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, BASED ON THOSE MADE FOR THE GUARD OF LEOPOLD I, 19TH CENTURY
with broad knife-like blade decorated on each side with the crowned imperial letters 'LI', the Imperial double Eagle charged with the Imperial arms enclosed by collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece, scrolls of foliage and the date 1666, tapering socket, and wooden haft (areas of wear)
71cm; 28in head
£500-700
221.    A PARADE AXE, 19TH CENTURY
with heavy head comprising crescentic axe-blade, central-spike of flattened onion form, rear fluke formed en suite, and a pair of short straps with shaped terminals, on its wooden haft with iron shoe
116cm; 45 3/4in overall£200-300
222.    AN ENGLISH MODEL 1803 INFANTRY OFFICER'S SPONTOON
with leaf-shaped blade formed with a central fuller etched and gilt on each face with the Crowned Royal cypher GR III (the gilding with losses, areas of pitting) moulded cross bar with globular terminals, short tapering socket and a pair of long straps on its original wooden haft painted with Welfen Museum inventory number '140'
34.5cm; 13 1/2in head

Provenance
The Hanoverian Royal Collections, Schloss Marienburg£600-800
223.    A SERGEANT'S SPONTOON BY WOOLLEY & DEAKIN, CIRCA 1800-03
with tapering head stamped with the maker's details on one side, straight cross-piece with conical terminals, and tapering socket, on its wooden haft (the socket cleaned)
45cm; 17 3/4in head£400-600
224.    AN 1868 PATTERN LANCE
of regulation type, the bamboo haft retaining its original steel shoe, and complete with its buff leather strap, and a red and white pendant (the steel parts rusted); together with two lance heads, 19th Century, each inscribed 'S. W. Silver & Co., Cornhill, London'
the first: 32cm; 12 1/2in head
(3)£300-400
225.    AN OFFICER'S SILVER-HILTED HANGAR, LONDON SILVER HALLMARKS FOR 1781, MAKER'S MARK OF WILLIAM KINMAN
with curved fullered blade double-edged towards the point, etched with trophies and foliage on each side at the forte, silver slotted hilt, including moulded knuckle-guard and lionhead pommel, and banded ivory grip (small age cracks) bound with wire and fitted with a single collar at the base
71.5cm; 28 1/4in blade

William Kinman was a leading member of the Founders Company of London. He is recorded at 8 Snow Hill for the last time circa 1781. See L. Southwick 2001, p.159.£700-900
226.    AN INFANTRY OFFICER'S SPADROON, CIRCA 1790
with tapering double-edged blade etched with the motto 'For my Country and King' enclosed by scrolls of foliage and the crowned Royal Arms on each side (areas of pitting), steel hilt comprising diamond-shaped cross-guard with recurved flattened disc-shaped quillons, tall faceted ovoid pommel (knuckle-chain missing), and original fluted hardwood grip
76cm; 30in blade£150-200
227.    A LIGHT DRAGOON OFFICER'S SABRE, CIRCA 1788; AN INFANTRY OFFICER'S SWORD BY THURKLE, CIRCA 1790; AND AN INFANTRY OFFICER'S SPADROON, CIRCA 1780-85
each of regulation type, the first with etched German blade including a mounted cavalryman and the number '2', perhaps for the 2nd Squadron of the 14th Regiment, steel hilt and leather-covered grip; the second with polished blade, and brass hilt stamped 'F.T.' for Francis Thurkle Jr; and the third with regulation blade and brass hilt including double shell-guard (knuckle-guard and quillons missing) and reeded ivory grip (pitted throughout)
the first: 87cm; 34 1/4in blade
(3)£300-350
228.    A CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD, CIRCA 1780-90
with straight blade double-edged for the last quarter, cut with a slender fuller along the back-edge and a long broad fuller on each face, etched with the crowned Royal Arms and motto on one face and the crowned cypher 'GR III' on the other, symmetrical steel half-basket-guard of slender bars, tall fluted ovoid pommel, and spirally bound fishskin-covered grip (light worm damage, the steel parts patinated)
84cm; 33 1/8in blade£400-600
229.    A 1796 PATTERN LIGHT CAVALRY TROOPER'S SWORD
with regulation blade stamped 'S.K' on the back-edge, regulation stirrup hilt, in its steel scabbard (an early association, numbers mismatched)
83cm; 32 3/4in blade
£250-350
230.    A 1796 PATTERN LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD BY DURS EGG
with regulation blade by J. J. Runkel of Solingen, etched and gilt with trophies, foliage, and the crowned Royal Cypher 'GR' , regulation stirrup hilt (one langet replaced), and wire-bound leather-covered grip, in its steel scabbard signed in a rondel at the top (worn, chemically cleaned)
82.5cm; 32 1/2in blade£300-400
231.    A 1796 PATTERN HEAVY CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD
with German blade inscribed 'J. J. Runkel, Solingen' on the back-edge, retaining much etched and gilt decoration including 'GR' crowned and the Royal Arms on the respective faces, regulation gilt-brass hilt, original grip bound with silver wire, in its scabbard impressed with two Fleur-de-lys, probably for the Third Dragoon Guards, and the initials 'J. C'
82cm; 32 1/4in blade
£500-700
232.    A DRAGOON OFFICER'S BASKET-HILTED BACK-SWORD, CIRCA 1785-88
with tapering blade double-edged for the last quarter, cut with a long slender fuller along the back-edge and a long broad central fuller on each face, engraved with a pair of vertically arranged flowers with the inscription 'Andria' and 'Ferara' on the respective faces at the forte, steel basket-hilt of rounded bars (some expertly repaired), formed of five large oval panels each joined by short moulded bars, one incorporating a large oval for the reins, fitted with a screw-in frontal guard pierced with a diamond-shaped aperture, with no provision for a wrist-guard, two-stage pommel, original fishskin-covered grip bound with plaited brass wire and 'Turks' heads', original burgundy leather liner, buff leather sword knot, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with steel locket and chape, the former pricked out with the retailer's name ''Knubley, Charing Cross, London' (suspension mount missing
85.5cm; 33 3/4in blade

Literature

Cyril Mazansky, British Basket-Hilted Swords, 2005, p. 168, no. G18.

John Knubley, a Royal sword Cutler and Gunmaker, is recorded as supplier to the Board of Ordnance working in Charing Cross from 1785-95. See L. Southwick 2001, p. 161. The British Cavalry used the basket-hilt until 1788. See A. Darling 1969, p. 95.£2000-2500
233.    A LIGHT DRAGOON OFFICER'S SWORD, CIRCA 1792-6 AND A 1796 PATTERN LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD
the first with curved single-edged fullered blade, etched with foliage, a mounted Dragoon and inscribed 'Gills Warranted' on one face, and with a trophy-of-arms and 'GR' crowned on the other, steel hilt comprising knuckle-guard, large oval langets, coffin-shaped pommel and original chequered hardwood grip (chipped); the second of regulation pattern, the blade retaining some gilding (the bluing absent, pierced for display), regulation hilt and retaining its grip
the first: 91cm; 35 7/8in blade
(2)£450-600
234.    A 1796 PATTERN HEAVY CAVALRY TROOPER'S SWORD
of regulation type, with broad blade double-edged for its last portion, iron hilt stamped '14' over 'C no.39', and wooden grip (the steel parts pitted, langets removed, areas of pitting)
87cm; 34 1/4in blade£200-300
235.    A 1788 PATTERN LIGHT CAVALRY SWORD
with curved single-edged blade, etched with an ermine surmounted by a bearskin, the former with a shield charged with a crescent on one face and with stylised mask on the other, steel stirrup hilt including a pair of long near rectangular langets (rusted), and wooden grip retaining a small portion of its leather covering, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with large steel mounts, marked 'W.F.' (worn, the leather with losses)
92cm; 36 1/4in blade£600-800
236.    TWO 1796 PATTERN OFFICERS' SWORDS
the first with curved blade double-edged towards the tip (the tip shortened), stirrup hilt, and wire-bound fishskin-covered grip (wormed), in its steel scabbard (pitted, small holes); the second with curved fullered blade, stirrup hilt, and wire-bound fishskin-covered grip, in its steel scabbard (worn throughout)
the first: 66.5cm; 26 1/4in blade
(2)£300-350
237.    A 1796 PATTERN LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD
of regulation type, with curved blade double-edged towards the point, etched and gilt with scrolls of foliage, crowned Royal arms, and trophies, and 'GR' crowned beneath a canopy, and a mounted cavalry officer on the respective faces (the gilding worn, previously blued), regulation hilt with wire-bound leather-covered grip (losses), in its steel scabbard inscribed with the retailer's details within an oval (illegible, the scabbard dented, surface rust, one suspension ring missing)
83cm; 32 3/4in blade£300-500
238.    TWO OFFICERS' SWORDS, LATE 18TH CENTURY, ENGLISH OR AMERICAN
the first with curved blade retaining traces of gilt decoration including 'GR' crowned, brass hilt including side-guard and cushion-shaped pommel, and reeded ebony grip; the second with broad curved blade (cracked through and with an early brazed repair), and brass hilt of regulation type including outer ring-guard, knuckle-guard with a central moulding, and cushion-shaped pommel, and reeded ivory grip)
the first: 69cm; 27 1/4in blade
(2)
£250-350
239.    TWO OFFICERS' SWORDS, LATE 18TH CENTURY
the first with curved blade double-edged towards the tip, etched in imitation of Damascus pattern and with traces of gilt foliage and trophies at the forte, regulation gilt-brass hilt and chequered ivory grip; the second with curved blade, brass stirrup hilt, and chequered ivory grip
the first: 70cm; 27 1/2in blade
(2)
£250-350
240.    A CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with etched German blade including crowned 'GR' Cypher, the Royal Arms and foliage, brass stirrup hilt cast with a lion mask in relief on each langet, and banded ivory grip (cracked)
83cm; 32 3/4in blade£200-300
241.    A 1796 PATTERN LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD
of regulation type, with curved blade double-edged towards the point, etched and gilt on a blued panel with elaborate scrolls of foliage, trophies-of-arms, a mounted Cavalryman and the inscription 'Craig's' and 'Warranted' on one side and further designs of foliage and trophies on the other, regulation steel stirrup hilt with faceted knuckle-guard and back-strap, and wire-bound horn grip, in its steel scabbard
83.5cm; 33in blade£600-800
242.    A RARE EAST INDIA COMPANY SPADROON, CIRCA 1790
with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section (pitted), gilt brass hilt including side-ring pierced with the East India Company rampant lion, engraved cushion-shaped pommel, and reeded ivory grip, in a contemporary brass-mounted leather scabbard, the locket engraved with the owner's initials
76.8cm; 30 1/4in blade£200-300
243.    A QUANTITY OF SWORD HILT ELEMENTS, 17TH-20TH CENTURIES
including a shell-guard from a hunting sword, a pierced plate from a Dutch Cavalry sword, elements from regulation swords, and a large quantity of scabbard mounts etc
(qty)£200-300
244.    THREE 1796 PATTERN INFANTRY SWORDS
the first with traces of etched and gilt decoration at the forte, and regulation hilt including folding shell-guard; the second similar; and the third with fixed shell-guard (worn throughout)
the first: 81.5cm; 32 1/8in blade
(3)£300-350
245.    TWO 1796 PATTERN INFANTRY OFFICERS' SWORDS
of regulation type, the first with earlier broad double-edged blade stamped 'J.J.Runkel Solingen' in a short fuller on each face, regulation gilt-brass hilt chiselled with foliage, and the grip bound with plaited silver wire; the second retaining some etched decoration on the blade (worn), brass hilt with folding side-guard, and the grip bound with plaited silver wire
the first: 84.2cm; 33 1/4in blade
(2)£400-600
246.    AN OFFICER'S SWORD, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with slightly curved blade double-edged towards the point, steel stirrup hilt including a pair of langets, and wire-bound leather-covered grip
86cm; 33 7/8in blade£120-180
247.    A BANDSMAN'S SWORD, CIRCA 1820; ANOTHER, CIRCA 1820; A FRENCH MODEL 1816 INFANTRY SHORTSWORD; AND ANOTHER SHORTSWORD
the first with tapering double-edged blade, brass hilt including grip cast with a spiralling pattern of scallop shells, and monsterhead pommel, in its scabbard (losses); the second with curved blade (pitted), and brass hilt including monsterhead pommel; the third of regulation type, the blade retaining traces of an arsenal inscription; and the fourth probably the Prussian model of 1816
the first: 68.5cm; 27in
(4)£300-350
248.    A PIONEER SWORD, CIRCA 1820, ALSO POSSIBLY FOR ROYAL ARTILLERY OTHER RANKS
of regulation type, with saw-back blade stamped 'Osborn & Gunby', regulation brass hilt (quillon missing), knuckle-guard marked 'C30', (worn), in a contemporary regulation brass-mounted leather scabbard stamped 'C40'
56cm; 22in blade£120-180
249.    AN 1822 PATTERN BENGAL RIFLE OFFICER'S SWORD
with pipe-backed blade etched with the regimental details, a rampant lion, and the maker's details 'C. Webb Old Bond Street, London', steel triple-bar including crowned strung bugle, wire-bound fishskin-covered grip, in its steel scabbard
82.8cm; 32 5/8in blade

£300-400
250.    A MAMELUKE-HILTED OFFICER'S SWORD, CIRCA 1800
with earlier curved blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a long shallow fuller on each face, the reverse stamped with three pairs of eyelash marks (rubbed), and the other inlaid in gold with a calligraphic inscription arranged over four diagonal panels (rubbed, the blade polished areas of light pitting), brass hilt including cross-piece with moulded bulbous terminals, a pair of ivory grip-scales retained by three pairs of rivets with gilt foliate washers, and the pommel pierced for a knot, in its steel scabbard with two rings for suspension
78cm; 30 3/4in blade

win sri ram pratap sarkar-e maharaj kunwar sawai jawahar singh bahadur bahadur jang

"That person, His Majesty Ram Pratap, the Commander of Maharaja Kunwar Jawahar Singh Bahadur Jang"

Pratap Singh was a rebel and sought shelter with Maharaja Jawahar Singh of Jaipur in the 18th century.
£300-400
251.    AN OFFICER'S SWORD, EARLY 19TH CENTURY; A 1796 PATTERN LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD; AND ANOTHER OFFICER'S SWORD, 19TH CENTURY
the first with curved blade by Runkel with traces of etching, brass stirrup hilt including lionhead pommel and chequered ivory grip; the second of regulation type (pitted, grip with losses); and the third with slightly curved blade etched with stars, trophies and foliage at the forte; and brass stirrup hilt
the first: 76cm; 30in blade
(3)£300-350
252.    A WILLIAM IV 1822 PATTERN INFANTRY OFFICER'S SWORD
of regulation type (the blade with very small chips), the hilt with folding side-guard (painted gold), in its scabbard
82cm; 32 3/8in blade£200-250
253.    AN INFANTRY OFFICER'S SABRE, EARLY 19TH CENTURY; A MILITIA FIELD OFFICER'S SHORT SABRE, LATE 18TH CENTURY; AND ANOTHER SWORD, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY PROBABLY FOR A MARINE OFFICER
the first with single-edged blade retaining traces of etched foliage, trophies and 'GR' crowned, steel stirrup hilt incorporating a side-loop, and wire-bound fishskin-covered grip; the second with tapering fullered blade, and brass stirrup hilt and fluted horn grip; and the third with curved fullered blade (pitted), brass stirrup hilt, and wire-bound grip
75.5cm; 29 3/4in blade
(3)£300-350
254.    A VICTORIAN 1845 PATTERN INFANTRY OFFICER'S SWORD AND A VICTORIAN ARTILLERY OFFICER'S SWORD
the first with etched regulation blade including the crowned Royal Cypher, the owner's initials 'A.D.K.', crest and motto, and the maker's details 'Price & Co, Pall Mall, London' at the forte, regulation brass hilt, in its steel scabbard; the second with etched blade including the crowned Royal Cypher and 'Royal Artillery', steel triple-bar hilt, in its steel scabbard
the first: 82.5cm; 32 1/2in blade
(2)

The crest and motto on the first is of Kerr of Hythe House, Hythe, Southampton.
£300-400
255.    A 1796 PATTERN HEAVY CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD AND A CONTINENTAL EPÉE, 19TH CENTURY
the first of regulation type, with brass hilt and the grip bound with plaited copper wire; and the second with slender blade of hollow-triangular section, and brass hilt including boatshell-guard and the pommel formed as a plumed classical helmet (worn throughout)
the first: 77.5cm; 30 1/2in blade
(2)£200-300
256.    AN 1803 PATTERN INFANTRY OFFICER'S SWORD AND A STIRRUP-HILTED SWORD, 19TH CENTURY
the first with earlier curved blade cut with a broad shallow fuller, retaining traces of a cartouche decorated in the Eastern manner (patches of rust), etched along the length of the back-edge with a running pattern of foliage on a blackened ground, regulation gilt-brass hilt, and wire-bound fishskin-covered grip; the second with slightly curved fullered blade double-edged towards the point, brass stirrup hilt and banded wooden grip bound with plaited wire
the first: 82.5cm; 32 1/2in blade
(2)£300-500
257.    AN 1803 PATTERN INFANTRY OFFICER'S SWORD; AND A GENERAL OFFICER'S SWORD, FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
the first with curved regulation blade by Runkel, with traces of etched decoration, and gilt-brass regulation hilt; and the second with curved blade retaining traces of etching (pitted), mameluke hilt with steel cross-piece, and a pair of ivory grip-scales (repaired)
the first: 82.5cm; 32 1/2in blade
(2)£300-350
258.    A VICTORIAN 1845 PATTERN INDIAN INFANTRY OFFICER'S SWORD AND A VICTORIAN NCO'S SWORD
the first with etched blade including scrolls of foliage the crowned Imperial Cypher 'VRI' and the maker's name 'E. Thurkle, London' regulation gilt-brass hilt including the crowned Imperial Cypher, in its steel-mounted leather scabbard; the second with regulation blade of 1845 infantry type, and steel triple-bar hilt
the first: 82.5cm; 32 1/2in blade
(2)£300-400
259.    AN UNUSUAL GEORGIAN PRESENTATION SWORD TO MAJOR ALEXANDER HARVEY BY THE CRIMOND, LONMAY, ST FERGUS, LONGSIDE AND RATHEN CORPS OF VOLUNTEERS, DATED 1805
with curved blade, double-edged for its last quarter and with a broad three-quarter length fuller, etched over the greater part of its surface with foliage, the winged figure of Victory and a lengthy presentation inscription on a scrolling panel above gilt trophies-of-arms and the Royal Arms on one face and further designs above gilt foliage and the crowned 'GR' cypher on the other (the etching now faint, areas of patination), gilt-brass hilt comprising border-engraved boatshell guard, scrolling quillon engraved with an expanded flowerhead, knuckle-guard and a maned lion's head forming the pommel and extending down the back-piece, the grip bound with plaited wire
83cm; 32 5/8in blade

The presentation inscription reads: 'From the Crimond, Lonmay, St Fergus, Longside and Rathen Corps of Volunteers to Major Alex.er Harvey in Testimony of their esteem and regard 1805'.

The form of the hilt of this sword, combining a 'boat-shell' stool or counterguard with a knucklebow of 'stirrup' form, appears from surviving examples to have been one that was particularly popular with Scottish auxiliary infantry units of the period of the Napoleonic wars (1803-15).

Alexander Harvey, the recipient of the sword, inherited great wealth from his father, also Alexander, one of three brothers who left Aberdeenshire to make their fortunes in the West Indies; the younger Alexander Harvey bought the Broadland estate, near Rattray, north of Peterhead, in 1788, marrying an heiress in the following year. Harvey was an 'improving' landlord, notably active in managing his estate along 'modern' lines and caring for the welfare of his tenants. On the outbreak of war with Revolutionary France, Harvey offered his services to the 4th Duke of Gordon and was commissioned lieutenant in the duke's 'Northern Regiment of Fencible Men' with effect from 1st March 1793. His time with the duke's Fencibles was short, however, since he resigned his commission in December 1793. Harvey appears to have seen no further military service until December 1803, when he was appointed major-commandant of the three-company regiment of Aberdeenshire Volunteers that presented him with this sword in 1805. The three companies had been formed separately in October 1803, based upon the five north-eastern Aberdeenshire villages of Crimond and Lonmay, St Fergus and Longside and Rathen, but were regimented in December that year. Harvey remained the major-commandant until the formation of the Local Militia in 1808, whereupon his regiment was combined with a three-company regiment of Volunteers based upon Peterhead to form the 2nd Aberdeenshire Local Militia, and Harvey was commissioned the new regiment's colonel. Harvey remained colonel until 1814, when the Local Militia was disbanded, and he died in 1817. See J.M. Bulloch 1914, pp. 146, 148, 324, 335 & 387; A. D. Fordyce 1885, p. 164 and J. A. Henderson 1907, p.79.£700-1000
260.    THE GENERAL OFFICER'S PRESENTATION SWORD TO CAPTAIN JAMES LANG BY THE SIXTH COMPANY OF 43 REGIMENT OF THE NORTH BRITISH MILITIA, CIRCA 1810
with curved blade double-edged towards the point, etched and gilt over the greater part of its surface with scrolls, a presentation inscription in the upper panel, foliage, the crowned Royal Arms and a classical trophy incorporating fasces on one face and further designs including crowned 'GR' cypher and foliage on the other, all enriched with blued borders, gilt-brass mameluke hilt, comprising engraved cross-guard with moulded bud-shaped terminals, plain back-strap, and a pair of pierced and engraved panels enclosing an ivory grip, in a contemporary brass scabbard, perhaps the original (the hilt and scabbard with old discoloured lacquer)
78.5cm; 31in blade

The inscription reads:

'Presented to Captain Lang by the 6th company of 43 N.B. militia as a token of their respect towards him as an Officer and a Gentleman'

The Argyll & Bute Regiment of Militia had the number 43 in the Militia Order of Precedence from 1803 to 1833. Captain James Lang was commissioned ensign in the 1st or Argyll Regiment of North British Militia in October 1799. When the Argyll & Bute Militia was reconstituted in 1802, Lang was re-commissioned ensign and appointed adjutant (October 1802), being shortly afterwards promoted Lieutenant and then Captain in September 1803. £600-800
261.    A SWORD BAYONET; FOUR BROWN SOCKET BAYONETS; A MARTINI BAYONET; A NATIVE-MADE BRUNSWICK BAYONET AND A LEE ENFIELD BAYONET
the first with straight fullered blade double-edged towards the point, integral knuckle-guard and socket, and in patinated condition throughout; two socket bayonets by John Gill and S. Hill respectively, two further socket bayonets unsigned; the Brunswick bayonet with rudimentary brass hilt (quillon missing) and two further bayonets
the first: 63.8cm; 25 1/8in blade
(8)£300-400
262.    AN ELIZABETH II SOUTH INDIAN RAILWAY VOLUNTEER RIFLE OFFICER'S SWORD AND A MOUNTAIN ARTILLERY TYPE SWORD, DATED 1915
the first with etched blade including the maker's details of Hobson and Sons, London, nickel-plated regulation hilt, in its leather scabbard; the second with curved fullered blade double-edged towards the tip, triple-bar hilt, in its leather-covered scabbard with large steel chape
the first: 83cm; 32 3/4in blade
(2)£300-350
263.    A GEORGE V 1911 PATTERN CAVALRY SWORD AND A VICTORIAN 1853 PATTERN CAVALRY TROOPER'S SWORD BY MOLE
the first with etched blade by C. Boyton & Son of Clerkenwell, decorated with the crowned Royal Cypher, regulation hilt, in its field service scabbard; the second of regulation type, with triple-bar hilt fitted with chequered leather grips
the first: 88.5cm; 34 7/8in blade
(2)£300-400
264.    A SCOTTISH DIRK BY HODGE, INVERNESS, LATE 19TH CENTURY
with polished blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a long fuller and formed with a notched back-edge, engraved white metal ferrule and pommel, the latter set with a piece of horn and hinged cap, horn grip, in its engraved white metal-mounted scabbard decorated with roses and foliage, and complete with its accompanying pieces mounted en suite
40.5cm; 16in£500-600
265.    A SCOTTISH DIRK BY MEYER & MORTIMER, EDINBURGH, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering blade formed with a notched back-edge, cut with an off-set fuller on each face, etched with scrolling thistle foliage, the standing figure of St Andrew and a clansman, hardwood grip carved with basket-weave designs, fitted with silver ferrule and pommel mount each chased with thistle flowers and foliage, the latter set with a foil-backed stone, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with silver mounts, the locket chased with a mounted lancer, the middle band with a coronet issuant with a rampant lion holding a crown (perhap the owner's crest), and complete with its accompanying pieces
47cm; 18 1/2in £1200-1500
266.    A VICTORIAN SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED OFFICER'S BROADSWORD OF THE KING'S OWN BORDERERS BY E. THURKLE & SONS, DENMARK ST, SOHO, LONDON, CIRCA 1881-87
with etched fullered blade decorated with the crowned Royal Cypher, Regimental details, battle honours and scrollwork, steel basket-hilt formed of rounded bars carrying alternating narrow and broad panels pierced with heart-shaped apertures, fluted bun-shaped pommel, and fishskin-covered grip retaining some of its wire binding (loose), in its steel scabbard
84cm; 33 1/8in blade£250-300
267.    FOUR SCOTTISH SILVER AND WHITE METAL MOUNTED DAGGERS (SKEAN DHU), LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURIES
each with tapering blade formed with a notched back-edge, the first with silver mounts for Glasgow, 1951, carved basket weave grip, silver pommel and ferrule, in its silver-mounted scabbard; the second struck with silver marks (rubbed, and the owner's initials and the date, 'R.S.M. 1914', in its scabbard; the third with engraved mounts including locket signed 'D.Mcintyre, Dundee'; and the fourth with engraved white metal mounts including pommel set with a coloured paste
the first: 18.3cm; 7 1/4in
(4)£300-500
268.    A CASED LLOYDS PATRIOTIC FUND SWORD OF £50 TYPE PRESENTED TO CAPTAIN HENRY MERITON OF THE HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY'S SHIP EXETER, 1804, BY RICHARD TEED, SWORD CUTLER, LANCASTER COURT, STRAND
with reblued, curved, fullered blade (cleaned, no decoration visible), gilt-brass hilt comprising quillons formed as fasces, langets applied with Naval trophies, knuckle-guard formed as Hercules' club entwined by a serpent and the back-piece as the pelt of the Nemean Lion; finely chequered ivory grip secured at the base by a laurel wreath, in its original, gilt-brass-mounted fishskin-covered wooden scabbard, the mounts cast and chased with Classical scenes including Hercules and the Nemean Lion and Hercules and the Lernean Hydra, the locket inscribed 'Exeter', with belt and slings, in a Lloyds fitted mahogany case lined with blue velvet, the lid fitted with brass carrying handle and plaque, the latter recently engraved 'From the Patriotic Fund, Lloyds London to H. Meriton Esqr H.E.I.Co's Ship Exeter 1804', the interior with label including the maker's name,
76.8cm; 30 1/8in blade

Literature
Frederick Wilkinson, Edged Weapons, 1970, p. 150, illustrated.

This sword is one of fifteen Patriotic Fund swords of £50 value awarded to the ships' captains of the East India Company's 'China Fleet' involved in the celebrated engagement with the French of 15th February 1804 now known as 'Dance's Action'. All fifteen of these swords have the name of the relevant ship engraved in a scroll on the offside of the upper part of their scabbards. This feature, unique to the Fund's £50 swords for 'Dance's Action', enables this sword to be confidently associated with Captain Henry Meriton, captain of the Indiaman EXETER on that famous occasion - a sea battle memorably fictionalised by Patrick O'Brian in chapter nine of his 'Jack Aubrey' novel H.M.S. Surprise (London, 1973).

The 'China Fleet' of Dance's Action comprised sixteen homeward-bound Indiamen laden with cargo worth an estimated £8 million and eleven 'country ships' sailing from China to India. It sailed without naval escort, being reliant upon the size of the Indiamen - easily mistaken at a distance for British 64- or even 74-gun warships - and the pugnacious spirit of their captains to fight off a French force known to be lurking in wait for them. The fleet and its predators, a squadron commanded by the French admiral Linois, met off Pulo Aor at the entrance to the Malacca Straits late on 14th February 1804. The fleet's commodore, Captain Nathaniel Dance (1748-1827), was advised by some Royal Naval officer-passengers and, when the French were sighted, adopted tactics that were typical of the Royal Navy in order to delude Linois into thinking that he had met a powerful naval force and not a convoy of armed merchantmen: as night fell, he sent the country ships inshore and formed line of battle. The following morning, three of Dance's ships hoisted blue ensigns and pennants - a tactic intended to reinforce the impression that they were line-of-battle ships of the Royal Navy - and the line stood on for the mouth of the Malacca Straits. At this, Linois signalled his ships to attack the rear of the line. Dance's riposte was to signal his ships to tack in succession, bear down upon the French and engage them - not a manoeuvre that Linois might have expected from a convoy of merchantmen. The first six Indiamen, led by ROYAL GEORGE - the largest of them, approached the French squadron resolutely and in the face of French gunfire, so unnerving Linois by their evident enthusiasm for the fight and threat to surround and overwhelm his ships that he broke off the engagement after forty minutes and before the remaining Indiamen could join it. The Indiamen suffered only one casualty in the action and, after collecting a Royal Naval escort at St Helena, returned safely with their cargo and to enormous popular acclaim. Dance was knighted, lavishly rewarded and pensioned and received a sword of £100 value from the Patriotic Fund; each of his fifteen captains were also rewarded and each received a £50 sword, of which this is one.
Henry Meriton (1762-1826) was born in Rotherhithe and served a seven-year apprenticeship in the brigantine JOHN AND RICHARD on the West Indies trade, working his way up from gunner to ship's master, before joining the East India Company's maritime service in 1783. For the next decade, he served on four Indiamen, progressing from 3rd mate to 1st mate and being one of the two survivors from the crew of HALSEWELL when she was wrecked off the Isle of Purbeck in 1786. He joined EXETER as 1st mate on her maiden voyage in 1793 and made three voyages in her, to Bombay and China and back, before being appointed her captain in 1799. On his first voyage to China as captain of EXETER, Meriton distinguished himself in an action off the Brazilian coast on 4th August 1800 when, under cover of darkness, he captured a French frigate, MÉDÉE, that he had pursued and whose captain believed he was menaced by a large British man-of-war. Dance's Action, in which EXETER was not actively engaged, took place during his penultimate voyage as captain of that ship. In 1809 he was appointed captain of CEYLON, aboard which he was severely wounded and captured during an action in the Indian Ocean on 3rd July 1810, in which a French frigate squadron attacked and seized the greater part of a convoy of Indiamen. Taken to Mauritius, then called Île de France, with his ship, Meriton was released when the island was captured by the British in December 1810; he may have captained the Indiaman SOVEREIGN on a voyage in 1813-14. By 1816, Meriton had been appointed Superintendent of Marine and President of the Marine Board in Bombay, positions that he held until early 1826 when he returned home. Meriton died in Greenwich on 7th August 1826. See A. Farrington 1999, p. 536; the same author 1999, pp. 116 & 237-238; and J. Wright 1997, pp. 30-32.

£6000-8000
269.    AN 1825 PATTERN NAVAL OFFICER'S SWORD
with regulation blade, signed Runkel Solingen on the back-edge, etched and gilt with 'GR' crowned, the crowned Royal Arms and foliage on a blued panel (oxidised, areas of wear), gilt-brass stirrup hilt including langets engraved with a fouled anchor, and a maned lion's head incorporating the pommel, and banded ivory grip (age cracks)
82cm; 32 1/4in blade£300-500
270.    A NAVAL OFFICER'S SWORD, LATE 18TH CENTURY AND ANOTHER, 19TH CENTURY
the first with etched blade by Busch & Sohn of Solingen, gilt-brass stirrup hilt, the langets cast with fouled anchors, pommel formed as a maned lionshead, and banded ivory grip; the second with etched fullered double-edged blade, gilt-brass hilt with folding side-guard, in its scabbard with locket signed by F. Highatt of Gosport
the first: 76.5cm; 30 1/8in blade
(2)£300-400
271.    AN 1805 PATTERN NAVAL OFFICER'S SPADROON
with straight single-edged blade, etched and gilt with foliage,'GR' crowned on a blued panel at the forte (oxidised, worn), gilt-brass regulation hilt (compressed), and banded ivory grip (small age cracks), with sword knot
81.5cm; 32 1/8in blade£300-500
272.    A RARE NAVAL OFFICER'S SWORD OF 1803 TYPE
with curved regulation blade double-edged towards the point, inscribed '3' on the back-edge, etched with scrolls, trophies-of-arms, the crowned Royal Cypher and crowned Royal Arms to circa 1800, retaining traces of gilt and blued finish, gilt-brass hilt including guard of 1803 pattern infantry sword type, knuckle-guard interrupted by a fouled anchor enclosed by a crowned wreath, and maned lionshead pommel incorporating the back-strap, and original wire-bound banded ivory grip (small chips and age cracks, the hilt slightly distorted)
82cm; 32 1/4in blade

See S. Comfort 2008, pp.218-9.£400-600
273.    A NAVAL OFFICER'S HANGAR, CIRCA 1782-90
with slightly curved blade formed with a clipped-back point, cut with a pair of long fullers on each face, etched and gilt with trophies, foliage, naval motifs and the inscriptions 'le ville de Paris le 12 avril 1782' and 'Sandwich le 1782' on a blued panel over the greater part of its surface on both faces (areas of oxidation), gilt-brass slotted hilt, lionhead pommel, and the grip bound with copper wire and ribband
62cm; 24 3/8in blade

The blade of this hangar is probably of German origin. The date 'le 12 avril 1782' refers to the conclusion of the four-day naval battle between the Caribbean islands of Dominica and Guadeloupe. The victorious fleet being the British, commanded by Admiral Sir George Rodney KB, who removed the threat of the French to Jamaica, the latter fleet being commanded by Admiral le Comte de Grasse. The extensive Irish iconography on the blade suggests a commission from an Irish officer of the Royal Navy. An officer who had a connection with both ships and with the battle was William Charles Fahie - later Vice Admiral Sir William Charles Fahie KCB (1763-1833) - who served on HMS SANDWICH 1779-80, was a lieutenant aboard HMS RUSSELL at the Battle of the Saintes and who served briefly aboard the captured VILLE DE PARIS from April to August 1782. HMS SANDWICH had been Rodney's flagship 1779-81 but was not present at the Saintes and VILLE DE PARIS was De Grasse's flagship at the battle. An alternative explanation for the iconography might be that the blade was commissioned by an Irish sword cutler, the selection of HMS SANDWICH as representing the British fleet being a random one on the part of the blade-maker.£800-1200
274.    AN 1875 PATTERN CUTLASS BAYONET
stamped with ordnance marks including broad arrow and 'WD' at the forte, sheet steel hilt (press button seized), in its steel-mounted scabbard
65cm; 25 5/8in blade£300-500
275.    AN EDWARD VII OFFICER'S SWORD OF THE SECOND LIFE GUARDS BY G. THURKLE, LONDON
with etched regulation blade including 'ER VII' crowned, the owner's initials 'E.J.H.L', regimental motto and battle honours, regulation hilt, in its scabbard
91cm; 35 7/8in blade

Together with an accompanying note: 'The sword of Evelyn John Hansler Luxmoore, M.C., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., Surgeon Captain 2nd Life Guards, 1911. Served during W.W.I, M.C. 29th December 1916, promoted Lt. Colonel, served in W.W.II, died 1955.'£700-900
276.    A COURT SWORD, EARLY 19TH CENTURY AND A FRENCH EPÉE, 20TH CENTURY
the first with tapering blade of hollow-triangular section, etched and gilt with foliage, the Prince of Wales' feathers and the motto 'Ich Dien' on a previously blued panel, steel hilt (loose), including oval dish-guard, urn-shaped pommel and grip all chiselled with faceted beads in imitation of brilliants (losses, one quillon and the knuckle-chain missing); the second with slender blade and shall steel dish-guard
the first: 88.5cm; 34 7/8in blade
(2)
£70-90
277.    A FRENCH OFFICER'S SABRE, LATE 18TH CENTURY
with curved fullered blade double-edged towards the point, etched and gilt with a wreath, foliage and trophies on a previously blued panel at the forte on each face, brass stirrup hilt including a pair of elongated langets and moulded back-strap, and leather-covered grip
84.5cm; 33 1/4in blade
£200-300
278.    A FRENCH MODEL AN IX LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER'S SABRE
with pipe-backed blade etched and gilt with a panel at the forte, brass hilt of regulation type, in its original brass-mounted steel scabbard
85.6cm; 33 3/4in blade£600-800
279.    A FRENCH CAVALRY OFFICER'S SABRE, LATE 18TH CENTURY
with curved single-edged blade, etched and gilt with foliage, trophies and a cavalryman on a blued panel on each side of the forte, steel stirrup hilt, leather-covered wooden grip bound with brass wire, in its steel-mounted leather scabbard
82.5cm; 32 1/2in blade£400-600
280.    A FRENCH MODEL AN XI CUIRASSIER'S SWORD, DATED 1814
of regulation type, the back-edged of the blade with Klingenthal arsenal inscription and the date (worn), stamped with inspector's marks of J.G. Bick, J.I. Krantz and F.L. Lobstein at the forte on one side, regulation brass hilt numbered '1197' on the reverse, in its regulation steel scabbard (patinated), probably the original
95.5cm; 37 5/8in blade£500-700
281.    A FRENCH MODEL AN XI LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD
with curved fullered blade retaining traces of an arsenal inscription on the back-edge, moulded brass regulation hilt, wire-bound fishskin-covered grip, in its brass-mounted steel scabbard (the tip dented)
82cm; 32 1/4in blade£250-400
282.    A FRENCH MODEL 1816 LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD AND A FRENCH MODEL 1822 LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD
the first with pipe-backed blade with Klingenthal Royal arsenal inscription and the date on the back-edge, regulation brass hilt numbered 1008, in its steel scabbard numbered 2965; the second with straight fullered blade etched with 'Coulaux Frères' and Klingenthal Royal arsenal inscription on the respective faces, regulation brass hilt, in a contemporary steel scabbard
the first: 92cm; 36 1/4in blade
(2)
£300-400
283.    A FRENCH MODEL 1816 INFANTRY SHORTSWORD AND THREE BAYONETS
the first of regulation type, the blade with traces of an arsenal inscription on the back-edge (pitted); the second a Gras bayonet, dated 1875, in its scabbard; the third a socket bayonet with spring-catch (incomplete); and another bayonet, in its scabbard
the first: 60cm; 23 5/8in blade
(4)£100-150
284.    A FRENCH MODEL 1829 MOUNTED ARTILLERY SABRE, DATED 1856
with curved regulation blade engraved with Châtellerault arsenal inscription and the date on the back-edge, stamped with inspector's marks at the forte, regulation brass hilt numbered 969, in its steel scabbard numbered en suite
81.5cm; 32 1/8in blade£300-400
285.    A FRENCH MODEL 1831 INFANTRY SHORTSWORD (COUPE CHOUX); A DANISH SHORTSWORD, DATED 1761; A CHASSEPOT BAYONET; AND A GERMAN BAYONET
the first signed 'Talabot', in its scabbard (mounts damaged); the second of regulation type the blade etched on each face with the crowned cypher of Frederick V and the date, brass stirrup hilt with banded grip, in its brass-mounted scabbard; the third with St Etienne arsenal inscription dated 1868, in its scabbard numbered en suite; and the fourth with blade by Alex Copel of Solingen, in its scabbard
the first: 48.5cm; 19in blade
(4)£300-400
286.    A FRENCH OFFICER'S EPÉE, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY
with tapering hollow-triangular blade etched and gilt with scrolls on a blued panel at the forte (faded), gilt-brass hilt including down-turned shell-guard decorated with the reclining figure of Mercury, and the pommel formed as a plumed helmet with barred visor (grip-scales missing)
77cm; 30 3/8in blade£100-150
287.    A BELGIAN CAVALRY SABRE, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
with broad straight flat blade etched in imitation of watered pattern, stamped 'No me Saques sin Razon' and 'No me enbaines sin honour' within a pair of short fullers on each face, brass hilt of pallasch form, comprising up-turned fan-shaped guard applied with a white metal flaming grenade, joined to the knuckle-guard by four scrolling bars, rear-guard, faceted cap-shaped pommel, and wire-bound leather-covered grip
92.4cm; 36 3/8in blade£300-500
288.    AN EAST EUROPEAN SWORD, LATE 18TH CENTURY
with broad curved fullered blade etched with scrolls, trophies and a stylised inscription at the forte, brass hilt of regulation type (repairs), including short quillon, an up-turned frontal bar and knuckle-guard all engraved with birds' heads, lionhead pommel, and wire-bound leather-covered grip, in its brass scabbard
80cm; 31 1/2in blade£400-600
289.    A SWEDISH MODEL 1846 SABRE; A FRENCH CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD; AND AN OFFICER'S SWORD WITH FIVE-BAR HILT
the first of regulation type, with fullered blade (shortened), and brass hilt; the second of regulation type, with bronzed triple-bar hilt, in its steel scabbard; and the third with pipe-backed blade of polished steel, engraved nickel-plated hilt, banded grip, in its plated scabbard
the first: 70.5cm; 27 3/4in blade
(3)£300-400
290.    A SWEDISH MODEL 1810 INFANTRY SHORTSWORD; A SWEDISH BOARDING AXE, 18TH CENTURY; AND A SPANISH MACHETE, LATE 19TH CENTURY
the first in its brass-mounted leather scabbard; the second with crescentic axe-blade, long rear spike, on a later wooden haft; the third with brass cross-piece and horn grip
the first: 67cm; 26 3/8in blade
(3)£250-300
291.    TWO SWEDISH NAVAL OFFICERS' SWORDS AND AN OFFICER'S SWORD, 19TH AND EARLY 20TH CENTURIES
the first with pipe-backed German blade, steel hilt with folding side-guard, in its steel scabbard; the second with etched regulation blade (worn), and brass hilt with folding front and rear guards (grip cracked); and the third with pipe-backed polished blade, silver-plated brass stirrup hilt with lionhead pommel, in its silver-plated brass-mounted leather scabbard
the first: 77.7cm; 30 5/8in blade
(3)£300-400
292.    A SWEDISH OFFICER'S SWORD AND AN OFFICER'S SWORD, 19TH CENTURY
the first with pipe-backed blade, etched along the back-edge with foliage, and on each face with an inscription and the crowned Royal Arms (worn), gilt-brass hilt, including front guard cast with a trophy-of-arms carrying the Royal Arms, in its scabbard, and complete with its sword knot; the second with straight fullered blade, steel stirrup hilt, in its steel scabbard, and complete with its sword knot
the first: 75.5cm; 29 3/4in blade
(2)£250-300
293.    A SWEDISH MODEL 1849 BOARDING CUTLASS
of regulation type, the blade stamped with a crown mark, figure-of-eight shaped guard, and banded grip all painted black, in its regulation brass-mounted scabbard
72.3cm; 28 1/2in blade£250-300
294.    A RARE SWEDISH GLAIVE FOR A SENIOR OFFICIAL, CIRCA 1818-44
with tapering double-edged blade, etched and gilt with a spray of acorns and oak foliage interrupted by a pair of crossed swords surmounted by the crowned Royal Cypher 'C XIV J' on a blued panel within a gilt frame on each side of the forte, silver-plated brass hilt cast and chased comprising a pair of vertically-recurved quillons with hound's head terminals, langets formed as grotesque masks, compressed oval pommel decorated with beadwork, and a pair of grip-scales (expertly replaced) retained by two panels chased with foliage, in its black leather scabbard with locket and chape decorated en suite with the hilt
81.5cm; 32 1/8in blade

An identical sword is illustrated in Caroline Cathinca Engelhardt's portrait of Karl XIV Johan, King Of Sweden (reigned 1818-44), preserved in the Royal Collection Stockholm (inv. nr. DKS.001703). The catalogue states that the uniform is that of a Swedish senior government official, despite his still being in France.
£1500-2500
295.    A NORTH EUROPEAN OFFICER'S DEGEN, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY SWEDISH
with tapering fullered blade double-edged towards the point, etched and gilt with flowers, scrolls of foliage and trophies on a blued panel on each face of the forte, gilt-brass hilt comprising shell-guard with moulded brim, a pair of faceted quillons, and pommel formed as plumed classical helmet, in its leather scabbard with brass locket (chape missing), and complete with its sword knot
82.5cm; 32 1/2in blade
£300-400
296.    AN EAST EUROPEAN SABRE, CIRCA 1800, PROBABLY HUNGARIAN
with curved fullered blade strongly curved and double-edged towards the point, gilt-brass hilt comprising a pair of quillons with bud-shaped terminals, and solid grip rising to a moulded pommel decorated with bands of ropework, the grip applied on the front with a bearded turbaned mask, in its original gilt-brass scabbard, embossed with foliage and scrolls at each end in imitation of a locket and a chape, and fitted with two broad bands decorated en suite, each fitted with a ring for suspension, and retaining much gilding throughout
79cm; 31 1/8in blade
£600-800
297.    A HUNGARIAN MAGNATE'S SABRE, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with broad slightly curved blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a broad fuller on each face and etched with trophies, scrolls, a bust and a mounted figure each in national costume (pitting), gilt white metal hilt cast and chased with bold scrolls of foliage and tulip flowers on a hatched ground, comprising langets, a pair of short quillons with bud-shaped terminals and rounded pommel, applied at the top and bottom with an openwork panel set with turquoises, and in the centre with a red stone (losses), in its original scabbard with gilt white metal mounts decorated en suite with the hilt (leather replaced), the locket, middle band and chape all applied on the outside with matching mounts set with turquoises and red stones, and with two rings for suspension
91cm; 35 3/4in blade£1000-1400
298.    AN AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN HUSSAR OFFICER'S SABRE, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
in the Turkish manner, with very broad blade formed with a reinforced back-edge and swelling to a double-edged point, etched on each side in imitation of a calligraphic inscription, gilt-brass hilt comprising a pair of rectangular langets, quillons with moulded baluster terminals, and back-strap, fitted with a pair of exotic hardwood grips retained by two pairs of rivets with fluted brass caps, in its original leather-covered wooden scabbard, the edges bound by brass borders, with gilt-brass locket, chape and middle band each chased with bold sprays of rococo scrolls and stylised shell patterns, and fitted with two rings for suspension
76cm; 30in blade£1200-1800
299.    A MAMELUKE-HILTED OFFICER'S SWORD, CIRCA 1800, EAST EUROPEAN OR RUSSIAN
with curved fullered blade, double-edged towards the point and formed with a serrated leading edge, gilt-brass hilt comprising engraved cross-piece decorated with linear patterns enclosing a flowerhead on each side, engraved back-strap, and a pair of ivory grip-scales retained by two pairs of foliate washers over rivets, in its original leather scabbard (worn, seam opening) with gilt-brass mounts, engraved and chased with bold designs of foliage at the borders
69.5cm; 27 1/2in blade £800-1000
300.    A SPANISH DRAGOON OFFICER'S SWORD, DATED 1776
with straight single-edged blade (shortened), stamped 'Por El Rey Carlos III', 'Dragones To. 1776', the bladesmith's mark and further decorative marks, brass hilt including a pair of quillons, boatshell guard drawn-up to form a knuckle-guard, and outer guard formed of a series of shaped bars, faceted pommel, and wooden grip (cracked)
64.5cm; 25 3/8in blade
£200-300
301.    A SPANISH MILITARY CAVALRY SWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY
with broad blade stamped 'Por El Rey Carlos III' and Cavallerya.To.1771' on the respective faces (edges chipped), steel hilt of 'bilbo' form, including asymmetrical double shell-guard (one screw missing), a pair of vertically recurved quillons, later pommel, and retaining its iron-bound grip covered with plaited copper wire
86cm; 33 7/8in blade£250-300
302.    A SPANISH OFFICER'S BELT POUCH, A PAIR OF EPAULETTES FOR A SWEDISH HUSSAR, AND TWO FURTHER BELT POUCHES, SPANISH OR PORTUGUESE
the first complete with its belt, with white metal fittings; together with a belt applied with the Order of Santiago on the buckle; and two further belts
(5)£300-400
303.    A DANISH OFFICER'S SWORD BY C.J.M. FYRWALD & CO KJØBENHAVN AND ANOTHER
with light weight blade signed along the back-edge, regulation four-bar brass hilt with lionhead pommel, complete with its sword knot; the second with curved fullered blade, brass hilt including cross-piece, lionhead pommel and chequered ivory grip, in its brass-mounted leather scabbard (worn)
the first: 81cm; 32in blade
(2)
£300-400
304.    A U.S. MODEL 1840 ARTILLERY SABRE BY AMES DATED 1862 AND A MAMELUKE-HILTED OFFICER'S SWORD, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
the first of regulation type, stamped with Ames Mfg Co and the date at the forte, regulation brass hilt, in its steel scabbard; the second with curved fullered blade, etched on each face with a strapwork panel and 'Pro Deo et Patria' at the forte, silver-plate hilt including cross-piece with button-shaped terminals, and a pair of horn grip-scales rising to a bulbous pommel
the first: 81.8cm; 32 1/4in blade
(2)£350-400
305.    TWO U.S. OFFICERS' SWORDS, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY
the first with curved blade retaining traces of etched and gilt decoration, gilt-brass hilt including knuckle-guard (repaired), and eagle-head pommel, and fluted bone grip; the second with spadroon type blade, etched and gilt with foliage on a blued panel at the forte, and gilt-brass hilt including five-ball outer ring-guard (knuckle-guard missing); and eagle-head pommel, and fluted bone grip
71.5cm; 28 1/4in blade
(2)£300-350
306.    A U.S. HORSEMAN'S SABRE AND A BOARDING CUTLASS, 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY U.S.
the first with curved blade etched and gilt with foliage and a shield charged with thirteen stars, brass hilt comprising knuckle-guard (associated), eagle-head pommel, and spirally-carved bone grip; and the second with slightly curved blade, and iron stirrup hilt of rudimentary form
the first: 77cm; 30 3/8in blade
(2)£200-300
307.    THE HIGHLY IMPORTANT 'DETTINGEN STANDARD' OF 8TH (LIGONIER'S) REGIMENT OF HORSE, CIRCA 1743
in crimson silk damask, with the obverse and reverse sides mounted separately upon a board for display, the obverse retaining a section of the original twisted gold-wire fringe around the upper fly corner and both sides applied with decoration in gold and silver lace, gold- and silver-wire embroidery and coloured threads; the obverse bearing in the canton a small Union Flag of the period 1714-1801 and bordered with foliage enclosing the Crest and Motto of John (or Jean-Louis) Ligonier (1680-1770) of the period c.1743 - issuant from the coronet of a marquess, a demi-lion rampant or; motto QUO FATA VOCANT - the remaining letters of the motto faint and the majority of the coronet now absent; the reverse bearing in the canton a small Union Flag of the period 1714-1801 and bordered with foliage enclosing the full Achievement of Arms of John (or Jean-Louis) Ligonier (1680-1770) of the period c. 1743 - shield: gules, a lion rampant or, on a chief argent, a crescent between two mullets; crest: issuant from the coronet of a marquess, a demi-lion rampant or; motto: QUO FATA VOCANT- the remaining letters of the motto faint and the original (azure/blue) tincture of the charges upon the chief now absent, the Arms superimposed upon a trophy of arms, flags and musical instruments, including regimental standards. Each side approximately 56cm; 22in high; 53.3cm; 21in wide (excluding fringe)

This is the earliest standard known to exist of a regiment of cavalry of the line in the British regular army: it is thus of the very highest importance and significance in British military vexillology. Its importance is heightened by its irreproachable provenance: it has descended until today in the family of the subaltern who carried it at Dettingen and been exhibited in three museums, each of which accepted and interpreted its uniqueness and significance. Although a standard traditionally thought to be of the 4th (Scots) Troop of Horse Guards, circa 1660-61, remains in the National War Museum of Scotland (L1937.2), its authenticity is questionable. A standard of a regiment of Parliamentary Horse circa 1643 was sold in 2005 but it pre-dates the establishment of the British regular army in 1660. The iconography of this standard provides vitally important information concerning the design of standards of British regular regiments of cavalry of the line prior to the first regulations in 1747. As can be seen, the standard's principal iconographic features are the contemporary Arms of the regiment's colonel, Major General John (later Field Marshal the Earl) Ligonier. The use of the Arms of a regiment's colonel on its flags, drums and other appropriate appointments was coming to an end by the early 1740s, the first Royal Warrant prohibiting the practice being issued in 1743. Thus the vexillological importance of this standard: it is the sole known remaining example of a standard of British regular cavalry of the line bearing the Arms of its colonel and, as such, is unique.
This standard has had a long history, progressing from being contested to being venerated. By the time of the Battle of Dettingen, fought on 16th June 1743 during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the practice had arisen in British cavalry regiments of allocating their standards on the basis of one per squadron - the squadron being a tactical unit, comprising two troops, used when a regiment was on active service. This is thought to be the colonel's, or senior, standard of the Regiment and so would have been allocated to the senior squadron of Ligonier's Regiment of Horse; it was carried in battle by a cornet (the most junior commissioned rank in a British cavalry regiment of the period) who was supported and flanked in action by two senior non-commissioned officers for his and the standard's protection - since the cornet could not hold his reins in his left hand and the standard staff in his right as well as wield his sword or fire his pistols. The cornet that carried this standard at Dettingen is known to have been Henry Richardson, first commissioned in the Regiment on 19th July 1740. At Dettingen, the last time that a British monarch - in this case King George II - personally commanded his troops in battle, Ligonier's Horse initially formed the right flank of the second line of British cavalry, deployed on the right flank of an Allied, or 'Pragmatic', army facing French forces to its front and left: the Regiment thus represented the extreme right of the Allied army for a period. After a lengthy exchange of musketry between the British and French regiments of Foot, the French launched a huge cavalry attack against the British left wing, which would have been driven in and overrun had not three regiments of British cavalry, with Ligonier's Horse in the centre, been ordered to move swiftly across the battlefield as reinforcements. Ligonier's could muster only about 180 men - no more than three squadrons - and they and their fellow regiments were confronted by massed squadrons of French heavy cavalry from the Maison du Roi and of the Gens d'Armes: it was an unequal contest and the cavalry battle ebbed and flowed as the infantry fire-fight continued until, having sustained large casualties, the French cavalry broke and fled. During the cavalry battle, Ligonier's three standards became the object of concerted and repeated French attempts to capture them and, in successfully preventing his standard - this standard - being made a trophy by the French, Cornet Richardson received what a contemporary described as 'seven-and-thirty cuts and shots upon his body and through his clothes, besides many on the shaft of the standard'. After the battle, which the Allies claimed as a victory on the basis of a French retreat and fewer Allied casualties sustained, Cornet Richardson was presented with the standard that his gallantry had preserved from capture. It is probable that, in battle, the standard sustained some of the damage that is apparent on it today and so would have had to be retired anyway; its presentation to Richardson was an appropriate recognition of his bravery at a time when few other means existed of conveying such recognition.

Henry Richardson remained with Ligonier's Horse for four years after Dettingen, being promoted lieutenant in 1744 and captain-lieutenant in 1745, before transferring on promotion to captain to 13th Dragoons in 1747 and being promoted major in that regiment in 1749; he became lieutenant-colonel of 29th Foot in 1756, retired in 1762 with the rank of colonel and died in 1794. The 'Dettingen Standard' has been preserved by his descendants, in Ulster and in England, until now, being placed on loan to the Museum of the Royal United Services Institution from the early 20th century until circa 1963, then loaned to the National Army Museum until the late 1980s and finally loaned to the Museum of the Royal Dragoon Guards in York until recently. Its story and its survival are remarkable; it is one of the few British military flags of the 18th century not only to survive but also fully to merit the adjective 'unique' and the accolade 'iconic'.

£25000-35000
308.    A RARE FRENCH CAVALRY OFFICER'S CUIRASS, CIRCA 1750-80
of exceptional weight, comprising breastplate with medial ridge flanged outwards at the base, plain flanged turns at the neck and arm-openings, fitted with a stud for shoulder straps on each side of the chest, struck three times with the proof mark of a bullet, the backplate formed en suite and struck once with the proof mark of a bullet, decorated throughout with pairs of incised lines arranged in groups of two around the border, over the medial ridge on on each side of the torso, the borders fitted throughout with domed brass rivets, retaining its padded buff leather lining (small holes)
37cm; 14 5/8in high

A cuirass of identical pattern is preserved in the Musée de l'Armée, Paris. See Christian Aries, Armes Blanches Militaires Français, Cuirass d'Officiers XVII-XVIII siècle, XIX I fascicule 1971, figs. 2 A-D. This cited example is attributed to the ownership of either Maréchal de France Victor Marie Marquis de Coeuvres et Duc d'Estrées (1660-1737), or alternatively to his nephew, Louis César le Tellier, Chevalier de Louvois (to whom the d'Estrées title passed in 1739). Le Tellier was born in 1695 and spent the majority of his career in the cavalry, most notably commanding the Royal Roussillon Régiment, into which he was commissioned in 1718. Aries notes that the cuirass matches this date exactly but that it appears to have been made for an older officer. A comparable breast-plate, also in the Musée de l'Armée, is again identical with the exception of minor variations in the linear engraving and the addition of belt mounts. This also retains a portion of the border fabric very similar to that of the present cuirass.£1000-1500
309.    THREE DIES FOR BUTTONS, 19TH CENTURY
the first for the Welch Regiment, the other for Lancer buttons and another
(3)
£150-250
310.    A GEORGIAN OFFICER'S SPADROON, LATE 18TH CENTURY
Highly probably for the 1st Regiment of Foot, and if so possibly the earliest extant sword specifically marked to that regiment, with straight single-edged fullered blade engraved with pre-1801 Royal Arms, cypher of George III and trophy, gilt brass bead pattern guard, reeded ivory grip with gilt brass ferrule and band with oval cartouche engraved with a crown above ST/1 flanked by Union sprays. Gilt urn pommel and original gold/crimson tasselled sword knot (lacking scabbard, blade chipped, ivory of grip cracked, quillon bent)
82cm; 32 1/2in blade

£800-1200
311.    A GEORGIAN OFFICER'S SWORD OF THE 1ST REGIMENT OF FOOT
A rare example, similar to, but slightly later than, that shown in Robson Fig 137, with massive straight double-edged blade of flattened diamond section (more suitable for combat than the fullered blades normally fitted to the 1796 Infantry sword) engraved with crown, motto of the Order of the Thistle, and scroll inscribed THE ROYAL, shell guard of 1796 Infantry pattern, the inner face of each shell mounted with the regimental device and scroll with post-1812 title (THE ROYAL SCOTS) in gilt metal (lacking scabbard, blade re-polished)
17cm; 31 in. blade£800-1200
312.    A GEORGIAN OFFICER'S SWORD OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
With flat-sided curved blade of 1803 Pattern, double-edged for last 10 inches, bearing traces of ornamentation, including a scroll inscribed THE ROYAL SCOTS, fishskin grip and brass (presumably originally gilt) guard incorporating regimental devices either side of the grip (as Robson Figs 139 and 140), in its black leather scabbard with gilt-brass middle band and chape (leather of scabbard defective and with replacement locket)
81cm; 32in blade
£700-900
313.    A VICTORIAN FIELD OFFICER'S SWORD OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
with claymore blade etched with thistle decoration, VR cypher, regimental devices and scroll inscribed THE ROYAL SCOTS, steel guard with "honeysuckle" decoration similar to Robson Fig 147, in its brown leather scabbard with plated chape
82cm; 32 1/2in blade£350-450
314.    A VICTORIAN FIELD OFFICER'S SWORD OF THE ROYAL SCOTS BY WHITAKER & CO, 43 CONDUIT ST LONDON
with claymore blade etched with foliate decoration, VR cypher and inscription 3RD BATN ROYAL SCOTS, fishskin grip and straight cross guard with ball finials (as Robson Fig 144b), in its leather scabbard with leather chape) (scabbard lacking frog-tab)
84cm; 33in blade£200-250
315.    AN EDWARDIAN FIELD OFFICER'S SWORD OF THE ROYAL SCOTS BY HENRY WILKINSON, LONDON NO 40950 FOR 1906
with fine slightly curved blade blade etched with thistle decoration, EviiR cypher, regimental title and devices, fishskin grip and steel thistle pattern guard (as Robson Fig 146 but with St Andrew in the cartouche), in a brown leather scabbard with leather chape
89cm; 35in blade£400-500
316.    AN EDWARDIAN FIELD OFFICER'S SWORD OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
with claymore blade etched with St Andrew, EviiR cypher, regimental devices and title THE ROYAL SCOTS LOTHIAN REGIMENT, fishskin grip and plated thistle guard with scarlet felt liner and crimson tassel, in its brown leather scabbard with plated mouthpiece and chape (felt of liner severely mothed)
81cm; 32in blade
£600-700
317.    A GEORGE V OFFICER'S CLAYMORE OF THE ROYAL SCOTS BY HENRY WILKINSON, LONDON NO 61197 FOR 1927
with single-fullered blade etched with thistle decoration, Geo V cypher, regimental title and devices, and initials E.F.P.A., regulation basket guard complete with scarlet liner and crimson tassel, in its steel scabbard with ball chape
82cm; 32 ½ in blade£400-500
318.    A GEORGE VI FIELD OFFICER'S SWORD OF THE ROYAL SCOTS BY WILLIAM ANDERSON & SONS, GEORGE ST, EDINBURGH
with claymore blade, etched with thistle decoration, GviR cypher, regimental devices and title, plain cross guard with finials of Royal Scots pattern (Robson Fig 144c) and fishskin grip, in its brown leather scabbard with plated metal chape.
84cm; 33in blade£200-250
319.    A VICTORIAN OFFICER'S SWORD OF THE EDINBURGH RIFLE VOLUNTEERS BY WILLIAM MANN, GEORGE ST, EDINBURGH
with slightly-curved fullered blade etched with crown, bugle-horn and regimental title, steel "Gothic" guard with bugle horn in the cartouche, in its steel scabbard
81cm; 32in blade£250-350
320.    A DIRK OF THE 4TH BATTALION ROYAL SCOTS
with plain notch-back blade, carved bog oak grip with nickel plated pommel mounted with regimental collar-badge of the 4th Battalion, ferrule engraved with initials ECR, in its black leather scabbard with nickel-plated fittings, the locket mounted with a stag's head, bands inscribed 4th BATTALION ROYAL SCOTS and THE LOTHIAN REGIMENT, the reverse of the locket stamped 'RGL' and 'Made in Scotland'£800-1000
321.    AN ASSORTMENT OF BADGES
a KC bronze pouchbelt-badge of the Edinburgh Rifle Volunteers c.1865-88, die-struck in deep relief; a similar badge, die-cast and voided, both with screw-post fixings; a pouchbelt-plate of the same unit, the Castle on a shield within the City motto a bonnet-badge of the Queen's Rifle Volunteer Brigade c.1888-1902, the initials RVB voided in blackened brass below the Imperial crown, complete with leather backing; an OR's white metal glengarry-badge of the 2nd Highland Coy, 1st City of Edinburgh Rifle Volunteers, c.1860, St Andrew within an oval strap inscribed CLANN NA GAIDHEAL A GUALIBH CHEILE, and a similar badge with longer fixing loops for use as a sporran badge (one loop missing); a large blackened brass cap-badge, worn from 1859 by the Artisans Company of the ERV and later by the Edinburgh Police, the Arms of Edinburgh surmounted by an Anchor, with supporters and motto beneath; and a mount for an OR's brass shoulderbelt-plate, possibly pre-1855, with devices as for Royal Scots
(8)
£500-800
322.    AN ASSORTMENT OF BADGES OF THE ROYAL SCOTS AND RELATED UNITS
mainly ORs' badges, as follows: a brass valise badge, probably pre-1855 (some damage to rays of star and a hole drilled through the face of St Andrew); three white metal helmet-plates of Volunteer battalions, one to the 2nd Midlothian & Peebles Rifle Volunteers 1886-88, one of the 5th VB Royal Scots, and another, of the 2nd Edinburgh RVC 1882-88; three Pipers' plaid-brooches, two with quoits 110mm diameter, mounted with a thistle wreath, crown and figure of St Andrew, the third possibly for Pipe Major, with quoit 90mm in diameter, bearing the Star of the Thistle in cast white metal, mounted with a gilt Thistle centre on green enamel
(11)£550-900
323.    OFFICERS' SHOULDERBELT-PLATES AND OTHER ITEMS
a shoulderbelt-plate of the Royal Scots 1903-31, with burnished gilt-plate mounted with the Thistle Star above a white metal scroll inscribed THE ROYAL SCOTS (gilt of backing plate rubbed); a similar plate, post 1931, with Thistle Star of modern style; a Territorial Force battalion officer's white metal plate post-1908, by Marshall Aitken, Edinburgh, the Thistle Star in cut white metal with gilt centre on green enamel, the regimental title scroll also in gilt (minimal damage to the enamel); a white metal pouchbelt-plate of the Haddingtonshire Rifle Volunteers c.1863 - 1903; a shoulderbelt-plate of c.1829 - 44 pattern with cut silver star and thirteen gilt rays bearing battle honours as Parkyn Fig 75 (gilt rubbed, centre of Star missing); and a mount for a shoulderbelt-plate (possibly spurious) of the 5th Battalion post 1922, in the form of a rayed Thistle Star of Gordon Highlanders style in white metal, mounted with a gilt central circle with a thistle on red enamel ground, surmounted by a Crown and with a stringed bugle horn in gilt below
(6)
£500-750
324.    OFFICERS' HEADDRESS BADGES OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
a forage cap badge c.1871 for an officer of the 1st Battalion, Thistle Star in white metal, gilt oval centre in the form of St Andrew and the Collar of the Order of the Thistle on a blue enamel ground, surrounded by a scroll inscribed with the motto and THE ROYAL REGIMENT (enamel slightly cracked and chipped); a similar badge, but the enamel of the centre replaced (the reverse now fitted with a pin fitting, the pin-loop missing); and a badge for Colonial helmet worn by the 2nd Battalion in India 1890 - 1902 (the enamel centre now replaced by red cloth backing, one lug clumsily replaced with solder)
(3)
£450-600
325.    ASSORTED SHOULDER TITLES
some 50 metal shoulder titles of regular, Volunteer and TA battalions, including a white metal 9/V/HIGHLANDERS/RS 1902 - 08, three T/7/9/RS post 1922 (Westlake 728, two in white metal, one in brass), T/4/QER/ROYAL SCOTS 1908 - 22 (Westlake 723), T/5/QER/ROYAL SCOTS 1908 - 21 (Westlake 724 - "T/5" detached but present), and 9 assorted Territorial numbered STs (Westlake 726 - 730 etc) (lot)
£300-350
326.    BADGES OF THE 2ND BATTALION THE ROYAL REGIMENT
a rayed white metal Thistle star with St Andrew's Cross in gilt metal, in the centre a thistle within a crowned circle inscribed with the Thistle motto all in gilt; and a similar badge (2)
Note: Bloomer p6 illustrates a badge of this pattern, stated to have been worn in 1845 by the 2nd Battalion. A photograph is believed to be extant, showing a badge of this type being worn on an Undress headdress during the Crimean War.£500-600
327.    AN ASSORTMENT OF COLLAR BADGES AND BUTTONS
Including officers' collar-badges as follows: a pair of badges in gilt and enamel; a pair of new badges in silver plate and gilt, a single old badge and a single new badge, also in silver plate and gilt; three pairs of bronze badges and one single; two pairs of embroidered thistles, one gold, one silver, from Full Dress collars; a pair of skirt-ornaments from an officer's coatee, possibly of the The Royal Scots, St Andrew in silver wire embroidery (now blackened with age); some 12 ORs' collar-badges in gilding-metal, white metal or anodised; six officers' buttons, mainly for coatees, including gilt open-backed examples for The Royal and the Royal Edinburgh Volunteers, a closed-back gilt button of the Royal Scots, a white metal button of the Queen's Edinburgh Light Infantry, and one of the 16th Regiment (now incorporated in a gold-laced loop from the cuff-slash of an 1856 pattern tunic); some 100 other buttons, including 9 OR's small pewter coatee buttons, open-back or flat, of various regiments (excavated condition, some loops missing)
(lot)
£500-750
328.    ASSORTED ITEMS OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
a rectangular gilt waistplate, mounted with an officer's cap badge; a Territorial Force officer's rectangular waistplate in white metal, mounted with a cap-badge in gilt and white metal; a modern rectangular waistbelt-plate, mounted with an OR's cap-badge (all plates lacking female element); an OR's blank QVC helmet plate in gilding metal; a Volunteer officer's good silver plated QVC universal pattern helmet-plate star (lacking wreath and centre); a white metal edging for a piper's sporran-cantle; an OR's QVC helmet-plate, mounted with an OR's cap-badge; and an OR's gilding metal plate for 1869 Pattern shako (the last two items probably repros)
(8) £300-450
329.    TWO OFFICERS' WAISTBELT CLASPS
one of the Royal Scots c.1872-1885, with gilt loops, silver motto circle and St Andrew; the other of Edinburgh Militia pre-1881, loops, motto circle and Star all in white metal, with Thistle centre in gilt and enamel (slight damage to enamel)
(2)£240-300
330.    VARIOUS BADGES AND OTHER ITEMS OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
Four sweetheart brooches, some in hallmarked silver; a Best Soldier medal for 1911 of H Coy 5th Battalion in 9ct gold; nine assorted lapel-badges; three embroidered blazer-badges; four tartan patches for headdress; a single black on khaki shoulder-flash inscribed RS; six battledress shoulder-flashes of the Royal Scots, embroidered white lettering on red ground; a printed shoulder-flash of the Mountain Division, and an embroidered one of the same (lacking shield); a WW2 vintage ID bracelet for a soldier of 7 TA Bn RS; a small paper shield, c.1914 - 15, the obverse bearing painted with the Royal Scots badge and title, the reverse inscribed in print Lord Provost's Comforts Committee, City Chambers, Edinburgh; and sundry minor items (lot)
£180-300
331.    AN OFFICER'S POUCH BADGE OF THE 4TH /5TH BATTALION POST 1922
a Thistle Star, 65mm x 65mm, in cut white metal, mounted with gilt thistle centre on green enamel beneath the Crown and with a stringed bugle-horn below, maker's mark of Anderson & Sons, Edinburgh, Screw-post fittings to back£80-120
332.    A VOLUNTEER OFFICER'S HELMET-PLATE OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
a Victorian officer's plate with silver-plated Star, the title-scroll inscribed 6th VB THE ROYAL SCOTS (minor damage to green enamel centre)£300-400
333.    AN OFFICER'S ALBERT SHAKO-PLATE OF THE 2nd BATTALION THE 1ST FOOT
a fine gilt plate, with battle honours and devices as listed for the 2nd Battalion (see K&K Page 62)£700-1000
334.    AN OFFICER'S HELMET-PLATE OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
a regular battalion officer's plate 1881-82, the title-scroll inscribed THE LOTHIAN REGIMENT (minor damage to green enamel in centre)£500-600
335.    AN OFFICER'S SHOULDERBELT-PLATE OF THE 1ST FOOT
an exceptionally fine example of the pattern worn from 1844 to 1855 (see Parkyn p.70), frosted gilt plate with burnished edges, mounted with the Star of the Thistle in white metal on a burnished slip, the centre bearing St Andrew in gilt on a blue enamel ground and title THE ROYAL REGIMENT, complete with original leather backing (slight chipping to blue enamel)£800-1200
336.    AN OFFICER'S 1855 PATTERN SHAKO-PLATE OF THE 1ST FOOT
a fine gilt plate, as K&K Figure 111, but with no numeral "1" below the VR cypher on the domed centre£600-900
337.    AN OFFICER'S HELMET-PLATE OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
a regular battalion officer's plate 1882-1901, the title-scroll inscribed THE ROYAL SCOTS (possibly re-gilded)£350-400
338.    PART OF AN OFFICER'S FORAGE CAP BADGE OF THE ROYAL SCOTS POST 1852
a small oval badge bearing the VR cypher within the collar of the Thistle, all in gilt metal, voided on blue enamel, loop fixings to rear (enamel chipped at edges)
Note: The complete badge, as described in 1857 Dress Regulations, would have had an embroidered numeral "1" below.£150-200
339.    ASSORTED ITEMS TO THE ROYAL SCOTS
a rope-tensioned brass tenor drum, complete with both skins, painted with the blazon of 4th/5th Battalion, the title scroll inscribed 4TH/5TH BN THE ROYAL SCOTS (QUEEN'S EDINBURGH) and displaying battle honours to PALESTINE 1917 -18 (paintwork of the blazon defective); a pipe-banner of Hunting Stewart tartan with black tasselled edging, both sides bearing an appliqué blue silk shield embroidered with the regimental badge, between two scrolls inscribed THE ROYAL SCOTS and THE ROYAL REGIMENT; a Piper's white horsehair sporran with two black tassels in thistle-embossed sockets, black leather cantle with silver plated edging, mounted with cast white metal badge of St Andrew, flanked by thistle sprays, above the regimental title; another horsehair sporran with black tassels in plain sockets, the nickel-plated cantle with a cartouche between embossed thistle sprays (badge now missing from cartouche) and an Aynsley china ashtray with silver rim (hallmarks illegible), painted with the regimental badge
(5)
£500-800
340.    A GEORGIAN OFFICER'S GORGET OF THE 1st FOOT 1796-1812
a gilt brass gorget, engraved with GR cypher, the horns mounted with devices of the 1st Foot and title-scroll inscribed THE ROYAL, all in gilt metal (a small crack in the top edge, liner and rosettes missing)£700-1000
341.    AN OFFICER'S HELMET-PLATE OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
a regular battalion officer's plate 1901-1904, as previous Lot but the Star surmounted by King's Crown, (minute traces of verdigris on gilt)
£300-400
342.    VARIOUS CAP BADGES OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
four officers' cap-badges of the regular battalions, and three Territorial Force officers' badges of the 4th/5th Battalion; a bronze badge of OR's pattern and modest quality, with blade fixings; three ORs' "WW1 Economy" brass badges; an OR's plastic badge; an OR's badge of the 4th VB, two ORs' badges of the 5th VB and one of the 6th VB; five ORs' badges of the 4th or 5th Territorial Force Battalions c.1921; a Glengarry badge, 65mm high, of the 2nd Midlothian & Peebles Rifle Volunteers c.1880 - 86; a Volunteer Battalion badge on tartan backing; a badge on blackcock feather plume, and another blackcock feather; together with some 15 assorted ORs' cap-badges, some in white metal, some with gilding metal mounts, a few anodised
(a lot)£750-1000
343.    A VICTORIAN FIELD OFFICER'S FULL DRESS DOUBLET OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
with maker's label of Morris & Co, 50 Pall Mall, inscribed to Major CA Logan RS, now with badges of rank for a Lieutenant Colonel, together with a Field Officer's gold-laced sword belt, complete with waist-plate and sword slings, and the original owner's commission dated 1858 (the left-hand rear pocket-flap of the Inverness skirts of the doublet has been removed)
(3)
£300-450
344.    AN OFFICER'S FULL DRESS DOUBLET OF THE ROYAL SCOTS POST 1902
with maker's label of Meyer & Mortimer, 36 Conduit St, London, inscribed to JCH Grant Esq, now with Major's KC badges of rank, together with a gold-laced waist- belt, a buff leather baldric, complete with sword-slings but lacking plate; a crimson silk shoulder-sash, and a good pair of strapped trews of Hunting Stewart tartan
(5)
£200-250
345.    A COLOUR SERGEANT'S FULL DRESS DOUBLET OF THE ROYAL SCOTS PRE-1881
a scarlet doublet of the 6th Volunteer Battalion, with white metal Royal Arms buttons and collar-badges, plain red shoulder-straps inscribed 6/V/RS in black worsted embroidery above a silver-embroidered R, silver lace chevron on right sleeve below crossed flags and crown, five Efficiency badges above right cuff and Marksman's badge on left sleeve; together with a small portrait photograph of the original owner, Charles Wilson (1846-1933) and a typed biography of him by one of his twenty six grandchildren
(3)

£150-250
346.    TWO OFFICERS' FULL DRESS TUNICS OF THE QUEEN'S EDINBURGH LIGHT INFANTRY CIRCA 1855-68
a Lieutenant's scarlet tunic of pre-1868 Infantry pattern, with silver "Vellum" pattern lace to collar, cuffs and skirts, fine silver-plated buttons bearing the Thistle star above EDINBURGH, gold-embroidered Crown at each end of collar; and a Major's tunic, with additional field officer's silver lace to collar, cuffs and slashes, of particular interest in having clearly been converted from a double-breasted 1855 pattern tunic (six buttons missing from front); together with a pair of Line Infantry blue trousers with scarlet welts and buttons for foot-straps
(3)
£350-500
347.    A RIFLE VOLUNTEER OFFICER'S FULL DRESS DOUBLET CIRCA 1859-1870
a very rare grey doublet, probably of the Highland Company of the Queen's Rifle Volunteer Brigade, Royal Scots, with gauntlet cuffs and Inverness skirts, edged with grey braid and with black Russia braid loops fastened by dull white metal buttons bearing a crown over stringed bugle, massive plaited black shoulder-cords forming wings; black mohair braid edging to collar and fronts, the latter trimmed with six rows of black square cord forming eyes and drops, with olivets; massive gold-embroidered crowns to collar
£300-450
348.    A VICTORIAN OFFICER'S CLOTH HELMET OF THE 5TH VOLUNTEER BATTALION OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
with white metal fittings and plate, the thistle centre in gilt with green (not enamel) backing, the double white metal title scroll inscribed THE ROYAL SCOTS and 5TH VOLUNTEER BATTALION, fine quilted lining stamped in gilt with maker's name of Stewart & Son, 88 George St, Edinburgh £600-900
349.    A VICTORIAN OFFICER'S CLOTH HELMET OF THE 6TH VOLUNTEER BATTALION OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
of same style as the previous Lot, by Gardner & Co, 50 Argyle St, Glasgow, the plate with double title scroll inscribed THE ROYAL SCOTS and 6TH VOLUNTEER BATTALION, and with fine gilt centre backed with green enamel, complete with its (unnamed) tin. (minimal moth damage, the cloth of the side panels a slightly different shade of blue to the front and rear)£800-1200
350.    A VICTORIAN OFFICER'S CLOTH HELMET OF THE ROYAL SCOTS POST 1881
a fine example, for an officer of a Regular battalion£700-900
351.    OFFICERS' UNIFORMS OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
a Full Dress doublet with Lieutenant's badges of rank; a similar doublet with Captain's badges of rank (tailor's label and owner's details now illegible, now with 9 gilt buttons on cuffs and skirts replaced by silver-plated ones); a rare scarlet frock by Bartels & Co, 8 Hanover St, London, named to E.F. Perrin Esq, 3rd Royal Scots, with blue collar and scarlet Russia braid loops to cuffs and side pocket-flaps, shoulder-straps bearing gilt star and initial M (collar-badges removed, two large buttons missing from front); and a Major's khaki Service Dress doublet by Wm Anderson & Sons, tailor's label named to Capt D. Greig, April 1948, with bronze buttons, collar-badges and badges of rank, four medal ribbons, with MiD oakleaf emblem to War Medal and GSM; a pair of strapped trews in Hunting Stewart tartan, by Marshall & Aitken, Edinburgh, and named to Col Sir JM Clark (?); and an officer's waistbelt of an auxiliary battalion, with white metal waistplate
(6)
£250-350
352.    OTHER RANKS' UNIFORMS OF THE ROYAL SCOTS
a blue serge doublet for an SNCO, with gilding metal thistle collar badges and remains of a Colour Sergeant's chevron on right sleeve; an OR's No1. Dress Lowland pattern blue doublet with blue cloth cuffs trimmed with white Russia braid, fitted with anodised Royal Scots collar-badges and detachable buttons; a good crimson silk shoulder-sash, probably for a Warrant Officer; four soldier's Glengarries with red/white/blue knitted diced bands (all except one lacking badge, one lacking ribbons); a blue Balmoral bonnet with knitted band, complete with towrie and badge; a khaki serge Tam o'Shanter with khaki towrie, unissued and without badge, by Sylvester & Co, dated 1940, another Tam o'Shanter, with badge on tartan backing, lacking towrie; three Kilmarnock bonnets with woven diced bands, complete with rosettes but no badge, two lacking towries; the exterior of a khaki drill tropical helmet with Hawkes label, lacking its inner element; five swagger sticks of various types of wood, three with ball tops, two with thimbles, all in nickel plate and bearing badges of the Royal Scots or associated units; and a WW1 vintage leather bayonet-frog (unused) with issue stamp to 2nd Battalion Royal Scots
(a lot)£200-300
353.    A COLLECTION OF DOCUMENTS OF ROYAL SCOTS INTEREST
A Commission dated July 1915 to 2nd Lieutenant WS Gavin, 16th Battalion Royal Scots, in a glazed frame; an album, in relic condition, the cover named to Captain C. Daniel, The Royal Scots, containing some 35 loose stiff cards 17in. x 14in., mounted on both sides with an assortment of photographs, newspaper cuttings etc, relating mainly to the 1st Battalion's tour of duty in Chatham c.1894 - 97; photographs include images of parades, formal and informal groups in uniform and plain clothes, and other military events, together with many family photographs and domestic scenes; a large quantity of material relating to Lieutenant T.W. Reynolds, 1st Battalion, including certificates, lecture-notes, proformas, reports, précis and examination papers of the RMC Sandhurst, in the mid-1920s; some postcards printed from regimental photographs, and a few small photographic portraits of soldiers,
a hardback copy of "Souvenir of the Queen's Brigade" by Capt Moir-Bryce, 2nd RVB, published 1889, a record of Queen Mary's visit to the 2nd Battalion in Redford Barracks Edinburgh in 1920, a Tercentenary souvenir of 1933, a hard-back pamphlet dated 1935 containing Dress Regulations for 7th/9th Highlanders Battalion RS, plus regimental journals, Christmas cards etc; a Commission on parchment, dated September 1818, appointing John Arthur Allen Esq to command a company of the 64th Foot; a certificate on parchment that JA Allen successfully attended the Royal Military College from February 1819 to December 1820, and another commission, signed by William IV, appointing him to command a company in the 1st Foot; another commission, also signed by William IV, appointing Frederick (?) Meir to be an ensign in the same regiment; a Certificate from No.2 Record Office, Hamilton, confirming that Pte George Burnside of the Royal Scots was disabled during the Great War and honourably discharged in January 1920; and three coloured prints showing uniforms of the Royal Scots at various dates (lot)£500-800
354.    AUCTION CATALOGUES: ARMS AND ARMOUR , MILITARIA AND SPORTING GUNS
including sales from Sotheby's, Christie's, Thomas Del Mar Ltd, Galerie Fischer and others. Covering the period of 1936-2010.

A full listing is available on request.£150-250
355.    BLAIR, Claude, European & American Arms, London 1964; MARTIN, P. Armour and Weapons, London 1968; FFOULKES, C. Arms and Armament, London 1947; MÜLLER, H. Albrecht Dürer Waffen und Rüstungen, Berlin 2002; HUMBLE, R. Warfare in the Middle Ages, London 1989; BALDICK, R. The Duel, Norwich 1965; CLEPHAN, R. The Defensive Armour, London 1900; WILKINSON, F. Small Arms, London 1965; DOLÍNEK, V. & DURDÍK, J. The Encyclopedia of European Historical Weapons, Prague 1993; NORMAN, V. Arms and Armour, London 1969; VON MICHAELI, V. Schöne alte Waffen und Rüstungen, Bayreuth 1979; EDGE, D. & PADDOCK J. Arms & Armour of the Medieval Knight, London 1988
(11)£100-150
356.    BLAIR, C. European Armour, London 1958; ATTARD, Collecting Military Headgear, A Guide to 5000 of Helmet History, Atglen 2004; HAWTREY GYNGELL, D. S. Armourers Marks, London 1959; KARCHESKI, W. J. & RICHARDSON, T. The Medieval Armour from Rhodes, Leeds 2000; GODOY, J. A. & LEYDI, S. Parures Triomphales, le Maniérisme dans l'Art de l'Armure Italienne, Geneva 2003; CAMBIN, G. Le Rotelle Milanesi, Fribourg 1987
(6)£100-150
357.    BOCCIA, L. & COELHO, E. Armi Bianche Italiane, Milan 1975; BOCCIA, L. Nove Secoli Di Armi da Caccia, Florence 1967; TROSO, M. Le Armi in Asta delle Fanterie Europee (1000-1500), Milan 1988; BOCCIA, L., ROSSI, F. & MORIN, M. Armi e Armature Lombarde, Milan 1980
(4)£120-180
358.    BRETT, E. J. Ancient Arms and Armour, London 1894, brown covered board with pictorial gilt, three-quarter leather£100-150
359.    DEAN, Bashford. The Collection of Arms and Armour of Rutherfurd Stuyvesant, Printed Privately 1914, later cloth covered board gilt
£200-300
360.    FFOULKES, C. The Armourer and his Craft, London 1912, red pictorial cloth gilt, gilt edges£150-200
361.    FFOULKES, C. J. The Armouries of the Tower of London, London 1916 (Volume 1); SZABLOWSKI, J. Collections of the Royal Castle of Wawel, Warsaw 1969; HILTL, G. Die Waffensammlung des Prinzen Carl von Preussen, Berlin 1981; WENNBERG, K. European Firearms in Swedish Castles, Uddevalla 1986; BOCCIA, L. G. Il Museo Stibbert a Firenze, Milan 1975, Volume 3, two copies; DE MORA AMELL, E. Museo-Armería de D. José Estruch y Cumella, Barcelona 1976; BOCCIA, L. G. Musei e Gallerie di Milano, Museo Poldi Pezzoli, Armeria II, Milan 1986, in its slipcase; MAZZINI, F. (editor), L'Armeria Reale di Torino, Milan 1982; MANN, J. Wallace Collection Catalogues European Arms and Armour, London 1962, Volumes 1 & 2; BIDERMANN, G. H. Burg Hornberg, Schwäbisch Hall, 1980; FLIEGEL, S. N. Arms and Armour, the Cleveland Museum of Art, New York 1998; REVERSEAU, J. P. Armes et Armures de la Couronne au Musée de l'Armée, Dijon 2004, in its slipcase; Edged Weapons and Firearms in the Collection of Eugene S. Jones; Musée des Armes Rares , Ancienes et Orientales de sa Majesté l'Empereur de toutes Les Russies, Fridingen 1981; KUNSTHISTORISCHES MUSEUM WIEN, Katalog der Leibrüstkammer, Vienna 1976
(17)£200-300
362.    GUSLER, W. B. & LAVIN, J. D. Decorated Firearms 1540-1870, Williamsburg 1977; KIST J.B, Dutch Muskets and Pistols, London 1974; NEDERLANDS LEGER- EN WAPENMUSEUM, Nederlandse Vuurwapens uit de 17e en 18e eeuw, Netherlands 1978; BOTTET, M. Nicolas Boutet et la Manufacture de Versailles, France; HOFF, A. Dutch Firearms, Rugby 1978; STAATLICHE KUNSTSAMMLUNGEN DRESDEN HISTORISCHES MUSEUM,KATALOG DRESDENER BÜCHSENMACHER 16.-18.JH, Dresden 1975; GLAGE, W. Das Kunsthandwerk der Büchsenmacher im Land Braunschweig, Braunschweig 1983; and another related volume
(8)£120-180
363.    HAENEL, Erich. Kostbare Waffen aus der Dresdner Rüstkammer, Leipzig 1923, 80 plates£200-300
364.    HAYWARD, J.F. The Art of the Gunmaker, 1500-1660, London 1965, 2 volumes; PETERSON, H. Encyclopedia of Firearms, London 1964; BAXTER D. Superimposed Load Firearms 1360-1860, Hong Kong 1966; WINANT, L. Firearms Curiosa, New York 1955; WINANT, L. Early Percussion Firearms, London 1961
(6)£120-180
365.    JOURNALS: THE JOURNAL OF THE ARMS AND ARMOUR SOCIETY
an incomplete run, covering the period 1956-2004: Vol II, No. 1-3, 5-12; Vol. III, No.1-12; Vol. IV, No. 1-3, 5-12; Vol. V, 1-12; Vol. VI, No. 1-12; Vol. VII, No. 1-12; Vol. VIII, No. 1-4; Vol. XVIII, No. 1(2 copies), 2£100-200
366.    KINDIG, J. Thoughts on the Kentucky Rifle in its Golden Age, York 1976; CHANDLER, R. F. & WHISKER J. B. The Kentucky Pistol, Bedford 1994; WILSON, R.L., The Peacemakers, New York 1992; HARTZLER, D. & WHISKER, J. U.S. Martial Single Shot Pistols, Pennsylvania 1997; LORD, F. Civil War Collector's Encyclopedia, New Jersey 1963; DILLIN, J. The Kentucky Rifle, New York 1946; MADIS, G. The Winchester Book, Brownsboro 1979; and another volume
(8)£200-250
367.    LAKING, Guy F. A Catalogue of the Armour and Arms in the Armoury of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, now in the Palace, Valetta, Malta, London 1903.£200-300
368.    LAKING, G. A Record of European Armour and Arms through Seven Centuries… with an Introduction by the Baron De Cosson, London 1920-22. 5 Volumes, titles printed in red and black, half tone illustrations. Original buckram with red cloth gilt lettering-pieces (spines darkened); CRIPPS-DAY, H. A Record of Armour Sales 1881-1924, London 1925; MANN, J. G. Studies in European Armour, Cambridge 2003
(7)£500-700
369.    LAVIN, J. A History of Spanish Firearms, London 1965; NEAL, W. K. Spanish Guns and Pistols, London 1955; DI CARPEGNA, N. Firearms in the Princes Odescalchi Collection in Rome, Rome 1975; GRAELLS E. Les Armes de Foc de Ripoll, Spain 1983; GAIBI, A. Armi da Fuoco Italiane, Milan 1968
(5)£100-150
370.    LÖWY, J. Album Hervorragender Gegenstände aus der Waffensammlung des allerhöchsten Kaiserhauses: herausgegeben mit Genehmigung des hohen Oberstkämmerer-Amtes seiner K.u.K. apostolischen Majestät, Vienna 1894 (2 volumes), later cloth covered boards£200-300
371.    MEYRICK, Samuel R. A Critical Inquiry into Antient Armour, London 1874 (3 vols), three-quarter leather binding gilt£300-400
372.    NEAL, W. K. & BACK, D.H.L., The Mantons: Gunmakers, London 1967; GEORGE, J.N. English Pistols & Revolvers, North Carolina 1938; GEORGE, J.N., English Guns & Rifles, Harrisburg 1947; BLACKMORE, H.L. Royal Sporting Guns at Windsor, London 1968; TAYLERSON, A. The Revolver 1889-1914, London 1970; AKEHURST, R. Sporting Guns, London 1972; DIXON, N., Georgian Pistols, The Art and Craft of the Flintlock Pistol, 1715-1840, London 1971; WHITELAW, C. Scottish Arms Makers, London 1977; CALDWELL, D. Scottish Weapons & Fortifications 1100-1800, Edinburgh 1981; METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART. Early Firearms of Great Britain and Ireland, Connecticut 1971; BLACKMORE, H. British Military Firearms 1650-1850, London 1961; GLENDENNING, I. British Pistols and Guns 1640-1840, London 1951; ROGERS H. Weapons of the British Soldier, London 1960; ATKINSON, J. Duelling Pistols, London 1964; BLACKMORE, H. English Pistols, London 1985
(15)£150-250
373.    NORMAN, A. The Rapier and Small-Sword, 1460-1820, London 1980; OAKESHOTT, R. The Sword in the Age of Chivalry, London 1981; MÜLLER, H. & KÖLLING, H. Europäische Hieb-Und Stich-Waffen, Berlin 1981; COPE, A. (Editor), Swords and Hilt Weapons, London 1993; GILKERSON, W. Boarders Away, Rhode Island 1991; PEIRCE, I. Swords of the Viking Age, Woodbridge 2002; THOMPSON, L. Daggers and Bayonets, a History, Staplehurst 1999; LEWERKEN, H. Kombinations Waffen Des 15.-19. Jahrhunderts, Berlin 1989
(8)£120-180
374.    PETERSON, H. The Book of the Gun, London 1962; ROSA, J. G. & MAY, R. The Pleasure of Guns, London 1974; JACKSON, H. European Hand Firearms of the Sixteenth, Seventeenth & Eighteenth Centuries, London 1959; RICKETTS, H. Firearms, London 1972; BLACKMORE, H. Guns and Rifles of the World, London 1965; MÜLLER, H. Guns Pistols and Revolvers, London 1981; WILKINSON, F. Firearms, the History of Guns, Leicester 1981; LINDSAY, M. One Hundred Great Guns, United Kingdom 1968
(8)£150-200
375.    PETERSON, H. L. The Book of The Gun, London 1962; BAILEY, D. W., HOGG, I., BOOTHROYD, G. & WILKINSON, F. Guns and Gun Collecting, London 1972; HOGG, I. V. An Illustrated History of Firearms, London 1980; RILING, R. The Powder Flask Book, New York 1953; GARDNER, R. E. Small Arms Makers, New York 1963; HELD, R. The Age of Firearms, a Pictorial History, London 1957; WILKINSON, F. Antique Firearms, Enfield 1977; WESLEY, L. Air-Guns and Air-Pistols, London 1971, SWENSON, G.W.P. Pictorial History of the Rifle, London 1971; BAXTER, D. R. Blunderbusses, Harrisburg 1970; BOOTHROYD, G. Gun Collecting, London 1961; BOSTON, N. Old Guns and Pistols, London 1958; WILKINSON, F. The World's Great Guns, London 1977; ROSA, J. G. & MAY, R. The Pleasure of Guns, London 1974; AKEHURST, R. The World of Guns, London 1972; HERMANN, W. & WAGNER, E. L. Battenberg Antiquitäten-Kataloge Alte Waffen, Munich 1979; JACKSON, H. J. European Hand Firearms of the 16th, 17th and 18th Centuries, London 1959
(16)£120-180
376.    RAWSON, P. The Indian Sword, London 1968; BALDWIN, J. Tomahawks, Pipe Axes of the American Frontier, Michigan 1995; ROBINSON, H. The Armour of Imperial Rome, London 1975; SPRING, C. African Arms and Armour, London 1993; MEYER, A. Oceanic Art, Cologne 1995
(5)£80-100
377.    ROUVEYRE, Edouard. (Editor) Le Cabinet D'armes de Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc de Dino, Paris 1901, 23 plates, covered boards£300-400
378.    SKELTON, J. Engraved Illustrations of Antient Arms and Armour, Oxford 1830 (2 Volumes)£400-600
379.    STONE, George S. A Glossary of the Construction, Decoration and Use of Arms and Armour in all countries and in all times, together with some closely related subjects, New York 1961, in its slipcase; GARDNER, J. S. Armour in England from the Earliest Times to the Seventeenth Century, London 1898, gilt cloth covered boards; BLACKMORE, H.L. The Armouries of the Tower of London, I Ordnance, London 1976; DIXON, N. Georgian Pistols, the Art and Craft of the Flintlock Pistol, 1715-1840, London 1971; MAY, W. E. & ANNIS, P. G. W. Swords for Sea Service, London 1970 (Volume 1); BELOUS, Russell E. Arms and Armour, Los Angeles 1969, in its slipcase; HOWE, James V. The Modern Gunsmith, New York 1946 (2 Volumes); and two further volumes£200-300
380.    THORDEMAN, Bengt. Armour from the Battle of Wisby 1361 (2 volumes), Uppsala 1939, cloth covered boards

Provenance: Henk Visser£200-300
381.    TRAPP, O. The Armoury of the Castle of Churburg, London 1929, presented to Anthony North, inside cover inscribed and signed by Claude Blair£300-400
382.    WILSON, R.L. The Colt Heritage, London 1979; SUTHERLAND, R. & WILSON, R. The Book of Colt Firearms, Kansas City 1971; HAVEN, C. & BELDEN, F. A History of The Colt Revolver, New York 1940; SERVEN, J. Colt Firearms from 1836, Santa Ana 1954; KENTUCKY RIFLE ASSOCIATION, The Kentucky Rifle, Washington 1985; LINDERT, A. Gunmakers of Indiana, U.S.A 1968; FRITH, J. & ANDREWS, R. Antique Pistol Collecting, London 1960; ROSA, J. Guns of the American West, London 1985; BROWN, M. Firearms in Colonial America, Washington 1980; SAIGN, R. S., DONALDSON R. & FIET, F. The Stagecoach Museum, Minneapolis 1978; BRADLEY, W. The Civil War, New York 1990; CAREY, A. American Firearms Makers, New York 1953; KARR, C.L & KARR,C. R. Remington Handguns, New York 1960; SWORD, W. Firepower from Abroad, Rhode Island 1986; FULLER, C. & STEUART, R. Firearms of the Confederacy, Huntington 1944; GLUCKMAN, A. United States Martial Pistols and Revolvers, Buffalo 1944; SELLERS, F. The William M. Locke Collection, Dallas 1973
(17)£200-300
383.    WISE, A. The History and Art of Personal Combat, London 1971; MOORE, W. Weapons of the American Revolution and Accoutrements, New York 1967; DE RIAZ, Y. The Book of Knives, New York 1981; SERVEN, J. Conquering the Frontiers, Arizona 1974; DAVIS, W. Brothers in Arms, London 1995; PETERSON, H. American Knives, New York 1958; FORTÓN, R. Antique Clasp Knives, Spain 2003; DOMENECH, A. Exhibition Knives, Joseph Rodgers & Sons, the Samuel Setian Collection, Buenos Aires 1999; TWEEDALE, G. The Sheffield Knife Book, Sheffield 1996; WASHER, R. The Sheffield Bowie & Pocket-knife markers 1825-1925, Nottingham 1974; LEVINE, B. Knifemakers of Old San Francisco, Colorado 1998; PALMER B., MORAN J. & PHILLIPS, J. Bowie Knives of the Ben Palmer Collection, New Jersey 1992; EVANS, R. The Plug Bayonet, Shipley 2002; COMMAGER, H. Illustrated History of the American Civil War, London 1982
(16)£100-150
384.    ZYGULSKI JUN, Z. Husaria Polska, Warsaw 2000; HELD, R. (Editor), Art, Arms and Armour, an International Anthology, Chiasso 1979, Volume 1; THOMAS, B., GAMBER, O. & SCHEDELMANN, H. Arms and Armour, London 1964; ORTIZ, A. D., CARRETERO, C. H. & GODOY, J. A. Resplendence of the Spanish Monarchy, New York 1991; HELD, R. A Review of 162 Antique Arms and Pertinent Objects, Lugano 1976; GIORETTI, G. A Guide to the Arms and Armour Collection in Cesta Castle San Marino, San Marino 1969; Weapons of the Collection of Peter the Great, Moscow 1995; SCHÖBEL, J. Princely Arms and Armour, London 1975; GUTOWSKI, J. Tartar Arms and Armour, Warsaw 1997; TAVARD, C. H. Le Livre des Armes and Armures de l'Antiquité au Grand Siècle, Milan 1977; DEMMIN, A. Die Kriegswaffen in Ihren Geschichtlichen Entwickelungen, 1964; WATKINS, J. (Editor), Studies in European Arms and Armour, Philadelphia 1992; KRENN, P. & KARCHESKI, W. J. Imperial Austria, Treasures of Art, Arms and Armour from the State of Styria, Munich 1992; HELD, R. (Editor), Arms and Armour Annual, Chicago 1973; WAGNER, E., DROBNA, Z. & DURDIK, J. Tracht, Wehr und Waffen, 1957
(15)£150-250
385.    A FINE AND RARE GERMAN ETCHED AND GILT COMB MORION OF THE SAXON TRABANTENLEIBGARDE OF THE CHRISTIAN II, ELECTOR OF SAXONY (1591-1611)
with tall skull formed in one piece and rising to a roped comb, the base encircled by a row of sixteen gilt-brass lion's masks over lining-rivets, each with a ring in its mouth (two rings missing), narrow brim rising to a point at the front and rear, decorated at its edges with a roped inward turn, struck with Nuremberg mark and the maker's mark, a pair of shears, at the front, fitted at the rear with gilt-brass plume-holder cast and chased in high relief as a female herm, the skull decorated with etched and gilt bands of interlaced foliate scrollwork encircling the figure of Mutius Scaevola before Porsena on one side and Marcus Curtius leaping into the gulf on the other, the comb with further etched and gilt bands of running foliage and a central-cabled medallion framing, on the respective faces, the arms of the Dukes of Saxony and the Archmarshallship of the Holy Roman Empire, the brim decorated with etched and gilt bands of running scrolls, complete with its original cheek-pieces comprising three lames on the left and two on the right (one missing), each etched and gilt with bands of running foliage around its border and fitted at its centre with a gilt-brass foliate boss over an iron rivet, and retaining much original gilding throughout
30cm; 11 3/4in high

Provenance
The Saxon Electoral Armoury, Dresden
Colonel Norman Colville, sold Sotheby & Co., 12th June 1953, lot 66

The maker's mark is perhaps that of the Nuremberg master Martin Schneider (Müller & Kunter 1984, pp. 263-5 and 269). A shield struck with the same mark was sold in these rooms, 8th December 2012, lot 178.

This helmet belongs to a distinctive group which was first made for the Trabantenleibgarde of the Elector August I of Saxony (1553-86) and continued to be used, and possibly added to, in the time of his successors Christian I (1586-91) and Christian II (1601-11). Originally this would have matched the black doublets and yellow trunk hoses of the uniform of the guards. A large number of helmets from this group, which may have included the present example, were removed from the Electoral armoury in the 1830s and sent to the State Opera House in Dresden for theatrical use, many of which were seen there by Bashford Dean in 1912. See H. Nickel 1989, pp.117-21 and I. Eaves 2002, pp. 149-150. £14000-18000
386.    A RARE SOUTH GERMAN CLOSE HELMET FOR THE TOURNEY, CIRCA 1590, AUGSBURG OR DRESDEN
of notable weight, formed of a rounded skull rising to a high roped medial comb, pierced at the rear of the neck with six small rivet-holes for the attachment of a missing plume-holder and to either side of it with four lace-holes, visor, upper bevor and bevor attached by common pivots with domed heads, the visor with a prominent step beneath its single broad vision-slit and a spring-catch at the right side (pull missing), upper bevor with roped upper edge, pierced at its left side with twenty-six small circular ventilation holes arranged in three concentric circles and at the right side with a similar arrangement of twenty-four holes, the right side secured by a spring-catch with button release, the bevor fitted with a threaded bolt and retaining its wing-nut for the attachment of a reinforce, lower bevor shaped to the chin and secured to the right of the skull by a spring-catch with push-button release and fitted with pivotted prop for the upper bevor, the lower edges of the skull flanged outwards to receive missing gorget-plates (one small patched repair at the nape of the neck), and the left side of the skull showing numerous cuts from a rebated sword
27cm; 10 3/4in high

Provenance
The Property of a Gentleman, sold Sotheby & Co., 31st July 1951, lot 67.

The strongly stepped visor, the provision for a reinforce, the overall form and the weight of this helmet is reminiscent of the well known group of armours made for the Elector Christian I of Saxony (1560-91). Several complete armours of this type are still preserved in Dresden and were used for tournaments until just before the Second World War. See E. Haenel 1923, pl. 9. £14000-18000
387.    A NORTH ITALIAN MORION IN THE 'SPANISH' FASHION, CIRCA 1580
with tall one-piece almond-shaped crown rising to a short 'stalk' at its apex (repaired) and 'swept' integral brim rising to an acute point at the front and the rear, its edges decorated with file-roped inward turns accompanied by narrow recessed borders (the right side with a slight loss), the base of the crown encircled by sixteen brass-capped lining-rivets and fitted at the nape with two further such rivets retaining a later brass plume-holder with punched ornament, the whole decorated on a formerly black from the hammer ground with later linear etching retaining much gilding, and including at each side of the crown the date 1600 and a coat-of-arms suspended from stylised acanthus foliage at its apex, and elsewhere, plain bands
26.4cm; 10¼in high

Provenance
Sotheby's, Billingshurst, 15 July 1997, lot 41
The arms are possibly those of the Tyrolese family of Bredel
£1500-2500
388.    A ZISCHÄGGE IN GERMAN 17TH CENTURY STYLE
with hemispherical one-piece skull embossed with six radiating ribs, fitted at its apex with a star-shaped washer and pieced finial, at its brow with a flat obtusely-pointed peak struck at the front with an indistinct mark and pierced at the rear beneath a staple and locking-screw with a slot for a missing sliding nasal-bar, at its nape with an obtusely-pointed neck-guard of four lames, and at its sides with scutiform cheek-pieces each pierced with seven ventilation holes in rosette-formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns, and the locking-screw at the brow fitted with a brass inventory disc stamped 7YD
29.5cm; 11½ in high
£400-700
389.    A FINE NORTH ITALIAN CLOSE HELMET WITH ETCHED AND GILT DECORATION, PROBABLY MILANESE, CIRCA 1590
with one-piece skull rising to a moderately high roped medial comb, and visor, upper bevor and bevor attached to it by common pivots with radially-fluted heads (replaced), the visor with strongly-stepped centrally-divided vision-slit, pierced at its right side to receive a missing lifting-peg, the prow-shaped upper bevor pierced at its right side with nine small circular ventilation-holes in rosette-formation and secured to the right of the bevor by a swivel-hook and pierced stud, and three rounded gorget-plates front and rear (the lowest at the front restored), the main edges of the helmet decorated with cabling (a small section missing from the lower front edge of the rear gorget-plates) and its surface etched on a stippled and gilt ground with bands and borders of trophies of arms enclosed by narrower bands of cabling (lightly patinated overall)
38.5cm; 15¼in high

Provenance
Sotheby & Co, 4th May 1964, lot 24£10000-15000
390.    A COMPOSITE NORTH ITALIAN CAP-A-PIE ARMOUR WITH LATER ETCHED AND GILT DECORATION, LATE 16TH CENTURY
comprising deep reinforcing bevor (restored) formed in two pieces with circular ventilation-holes at the right, earlier gorget of three lames front and rear, breastplate of peascod fashion with holes for a lance-rest and reinforce, and fitted with movable gussets at the arm-openings and a skirt of two lames supporting a pair of pendent tassets each of four lames(restored), earlier German backplate with culet of three lames divisible beneath the first, large asymmetrical pauldrons, the left with threaded holes for a reinforce, each attached by a turning-pin to a vambrace comprising turner (upper lames in each case lacking), and tubular upper and lower cannons articulated by small bracelet couters of three lames (the right couter and lower cannon each patched and the latter lacking its lower edge), and cuisses of four lames connected by winged poleyns of four lames to ankle-length tubular greaves each pieced around their lower edges with holes for the attachment of mail shoes, all parts decorated at their main edges with roped inward turns and on their surfaces with bands and borders of running foliage enclosed in the case of former by bold engrailing, now worn in part; mounted on a blackened wooden stand with rectangular base and fitted with a mail breech

Provenance
Countess of Craven, Sotheby & Co., 6 December 1965, lot 41 (armour)
Hew Kennedy (reinforcing bevor)

It has been suggested that this armour was that worn by the William Craven 2nd Earl of Craven in Eglinton Tournament of 1837, although an armour supposedly worn by him on that occasion was exhibited in the Gothic Exhibition of 1840.

The decoration of the armour closely resembles that found on a partly restored harness acquired by the Duke of Westminster for his collection at Eaton Hall, Cheshire, from the London dealer Samuel Luke Pratt in the mid-19th century, and subsequently transferred to the Royal Armouries in 1953. A further armour bearing the same design, also from Pratt, is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Decoration of a similar kind is to be recorded, moreover, on additional detached pieces in the Royal Armouries, Leeds, the Real Armeria, Turin, and the Higgins Armoury Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts. £10000-14000
391.    A RARE NORTH ITALIAN SALLET, CIRCA 1500
with hemispherical skull rising to a low medial comb, centrally-cusped brow-plate arched over the face, and two restored tail-plates projecting backwards to a rounded end, each attached to the former and each other by a pair of rivets, the lowest plates in each case formed with a plain inward turn (the whole heavily corroded)
18cm; 7in high

Stated by Enrico Minervino of Milan to have been found by divers in the River Bacchliglioi near Padua, Italy, but showing a preservation typical of pieces obtained from the armoury of the Knights of St John at Rhodes which fell to the Turks in 1522/3. It can be compared with sallets from that same source now preserved in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds (IV. 481), the Higgins Armoury Museum, Worcester, Mass. (880), and several private collections (W. Karcheski & T. Richardson 2000, pp. 9 & 13-15).
£3500-4500
392.    A RARE SOUTH GERMAN INFANTRY BREASTPLATE FLUTED IN THE GOTHIC FASHION, LATE 15TH CENTURY
with rounded main plate and high-cusped medially-ridged plackart attached to one another by a single screw occupying the uppermost of the three alternative holes pierced for it in the former, a pair of later gussets at the arm-openings each formed with an outward turned edge matching that at the neck-opening, and a skirt of one lame (its lower edge patched), attached by later screws to the outward flanged lower edge of the plackart, both the main plate and the plackart decorated with a spray of flutes in the Gothic fashion, and the latter further decorated to either side of its apex with a series of diagonal nicks (the surface showing a light mottled patina overall)
45cm; 17¾in

Provenance
Collection of William Randolph Hearst, 1955
Bought by Harold L. Peterson 1955, sold Christie's, London, 5th July 1978, lot 151 £3000-4000
393.    A RARE SOUTH GERMAN BREASTPLATE FLUTED IN THE GOTHIC FASHION, LATE 15TH CENTURY
with main plate and high-cusped medially-ridged plackart joined to one by a later rivet, the neck and arm-openings of the main plate formed with angular outward turns, its right side pierced with a pair of holes for the attachment of a lance-rest and its neck-opening with a smaller pair of suspension-holes, the lower edge of the plackart flanged outwards to receive a fauld, the arm-openings and each side of the plackart decorated with flutes in the Gothic fashion, and the latter further decorated to either side of its apex with three pairs of lobes (the surface moderately pitted overall)
36.5cm; 14½in

Provenance
Consul Hans C. Leiden, sold Lempertz, Cologne, 19th-21st June 1934, lot 15
Galerie Fischer, Lucerne, 2 July 1962, Lot 956
John F. Hayward, London
£3000-4000
394.    A RARE SOUTH GERMAN BREASTPLATE FLUTED IN THE MAXIMILIAN FASHION, ABOUT 1520
with rounded main plate fitted with detachable folding lance-rest (restored and lacking its top retaining-screw), moveable gussets at the arm-openings, each boldly roped en suite with the neck-opening, and an outward-flanged waist-lame (associated and showing a patched repair at its left end), the main plate decorated beneath a plain frieze with a continuous series of slightly divergent flutes, each emphasised by a pair of incised lines
31.5cm; 12½in

Provenance
William Randolph Hearst, Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 4 December 1952, lot 135

£3000-4000
395.    A RARE NORTH ITALIAN INFANTRY BREASTPLATE FLUTED IN THE MAXIMILIAN FASHION, ABOUT 1520
with rounded main plate flanged outwards at its lower end to receive a fauld and fitted at the left arm-opening with a gusset decorated at its edge with an angular inward turn en suite with that of the neck-opening (the right gusset missing), the centre of the breastplate decorated with a spray of fifteen flutes diverging from a raised triangular panel (the rear repaired with a large riveted patch; the front heavily pitted)
34.2cm; 13½cm

Provenance
William Randolph Hearst, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 4th December 1952, lot 135.

The breastplate shows a preservation typical of pieces obtained from the armoury of the Knights of St John at Rhodes which fell to the Turks in 1522/3. A very similar breastplate from that armoury is preserved in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, III. 1090 (W. Karcheski & T. Richardson 2000, pp. 78-9).£2000-3000
396.    A FINE AND RARE SOUTH GERMAN INFANTRY BREASTPLATE WITH ETCHED DECORATION, CIRCA 1560, PROBABLY BY WOLFGANG GROßSCHEDEL OF LANDSHUT
with heavy medially-ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld and fitted at each arm-opening (the left damaged) with moveable gussets decorated with roped inward turns matching those at the neck-opening and surmounted by double-ended buckles to receive shoulder straps, and finely etched in bands and borders on a stippled and blackened ground with scrolling foliage and flowerheads, involving at the neck a pair of reclining nudes, and in the central band with trophies of arms (some light patination overall)
35.6cm; 17in

Provenance
Gallerie Fischer, Lucerne, 22 June 1960, lot 56
Harold L. Peterson, Christie's, 5 July 1978, lot 178

Wolfgang Großschedel was first recorded working for Henry VIII in the royal workshops at Greenwich in 1517/18 but returned to Landshut soon after to become a citizen there in 1521. He is recorded as owning a house in the New Town in 1549 and very soon afterwards started to receive patronage from both the Spanish and Imperial courts. He was joined in his business by his son Franz from at least as early as 1555 and died in or very shortly after 1562. The decoration of our breastplate resembles that of a series of armours thought to have been delivered by him in 1560 for the use of the Emperor and his companions in a Vienna tournament of that year (Norman 1962, pp. 12-13).
£4000-6000
397.    A SWEPT HILT RAPIER, CIRCA 1580, PROBABLY ITALIAN
with tapering flat double-edged blade, engraved with a running hound and a pair of lines on each face (slightly shortened), rectangular ricasso stamped with a bladesmith's mark on one side, steel hilt of faceted bars (loose, the tang slightly bent), comprising a pair of short quillons swelling towards the terminals, écusson, a pair of arms, inner and outer guard each formed of three ring-guards, the uppermost joining the base of the arm to the quillon and joined to the knuckle-guard by an additional bar, the lowest ring filled on the outside with a brass plate, faceted near-spherical pommel, with traces of early gold paint, and the grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
94.5cm; 37 1/4in blade

A rapier with related hilt is currently on exhibition at the Wallace Collection (inv. no. A576), London: The Noble art of the Sword, Fashion and Fencing in Renaissance Europe, circa 1520-1630, cat. no. 2.15.£2000-3000
398.    A FRENCH TRANSITIONAL SWORD, EARLY 18TH CENTURY
with colichemarde blade, etched with a spray of foliage and a scrollwork panel inscribed 'Lepeton Marchard, Fourbisseur rue des Carmesau Coin de la Rue de Lemoine a Rouen' and 'de la manufacture de lu marque au raisin a Solingen' on each face at the forte, large steel hilt (repairs), comprising double shell-guard with moulded brim, pierced with scrolling foliage around the border and a pair of openwork panels, a pair of slender arms, writhen quillon chiselled with a grotesque at the terminal knuckle-guard interrupted by a central moulding en suite with the quillon, spirally moulded pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
97.5cm; 38 3/8in blade
£600-900
399.    AN ITALIAN SHIELD FOR USE IN THE GIOCO DEL PONTE, PISAN, DATED 1776
of narrow almond-shaped form, constructed entirely of wood, its front edges bevelled and its rear surface hollowed out and fitted in a vertical line just above its centre with a pair of wooden enarmes to receive the left forearm and hand, its front painted on a carmine ground with a zigzag stripe of green enclosed by a pair of white stripes of similar width, and its rear branded within a circle with a monogram AVC and the date 1776 (some splits, scuffing and bruising )
106.8cm; 42in high

Provenance
Sotheby's, New York, 23 September 1978, lot 356

The Gioco del Ponte was a mock-battle fought by two teams of contestants armed with clubs and shields who endeavoured to occupy the old bridge at Pisa now known as the Ponte di Mezzo. Originating in the Middle Ages, it was last fought in 1776 and 1807. The initials branded in the rear of the shield stand for auditore (juror-judge) Vicario Cercisnami. They appear on several other shields of the same type bearing the same date. See W. J. Karcheski Jr & D. J. LaRocca 2007, pp. 107-19, figs 4-11.£1200-1800
400.    A GERMAN SHOT-PROOF TARGET, LATE 16TH CENTURY
of circular convex form, stamped with a mark, a shield charged with an eagle displayed, fitted at its centre with a later spike on a foliate washer, flanged edge bordered by later domed brass rivets, fitted with four pairs of oval rivets for attaching enarmes, the outer surface incised with a series of fine radiating lines, and retaining minute traces of an early blued finish
57.5cm; 22 5/8in diameter

The mark is perhaps an arsenal mark for Esslingen, Baden-Württemburg.
£2500-3500
401.    AN ITALIAN INFANTRY BREASTPLATE FLUTED IN THE GERMAN FASHION, CIRCA 1520
of globose form, with a bold inward turn at the neck, stamped with a mark beneath, perhaps a crowned crossbow bolt, flanged outwards at the base to receive a skirt (missing), embossed with a central panel of flutes within a matching frame (two internally-patched repairs, pitting), pierced with a pair of later holes for the attachment of a lance-rest, and fitted at the arm-openings with a pair of gussets turned en suite with the neck
35.5cm; 14in high

Breastplates with related decoration are preserved in the Museo Stibbert, Florence (cat.no.5), the collection of Her Majesty The Queen at Windsor Castle and the Schweizerisches Landesmuseum, Zurich.£1500-2500
402.    A RARE GERMAN INFANTRY BREASTPLATE FLUTED IN THE MAXIMILIAN FASHION, CIRCA 1505
of globose form, with a bold inward turn at the neck, pierced below it with a pair of suspension-holes, embossed with three groups of widely-spaced flutes radiating from the base to a level beneath the neck and fitted at the arm openings with a pair of gussets, each with turns matching the neck (fauld lame missing, areas of pitting)
32.5cm; 12 7/8in high

Stylistically this belongs to the early period of the so-called Maximilian style. An armour with a closely related breastplate of Nuremburg manufacture is preserved in the former Imperial Armoury, Vienna (inv.no. A192).
£1200-1800
403.    A RARE VENETIAN PARADE SHIELD MADE FOR THE BODYGUARD OF WOLF DIETRICH VON RAITENAU, PRINCE ARCHBISHOP OF SALZBURG, LATE 16TH CENTURY
of convex near circular form, constructed of two-ply wood covered with leather decorated on its front face, within an outer border of foliate chevrons and engrailing and an inner border of running foliage and flowerheads, with a pattern of foliate interlace and flowerheads all tooled and lacquered gold over silver, the ground of the main field additionally covered with translucent red lacquer, and the detail picked out throughout with red and green lacquer, the rear retaining its yellow-painted decoration, and a series of nails for attaching an arm-pad, and enarmes (some losses, expertly restored and in stable condition throughout)
57cm; 22 1/2in wide

This shield is one of a series made in the time of Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau, who ruled as Prince Archbishop of Salzburg, 1587-1612. An inventory of 1669, now in the archives of the Städtisches Museum, Salzburg, mentions 398 gilded and painted shields. Some seventy of these shields are still to be found in the Carolina-Augusteum Museum, Salzburg.

When Salzburg was occupied by the Bavarian troops in 1809 a number of these shields were transferred to the main Zeughaus at Munich, and sold from there after the First World War.

Other examples of this distinctive group of shields are to be found in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (Acc. No. 29.158.586) the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Art Institute, of Chicago, the Wallace Collection, London, the Historisches Museum, Dresden (Inv. No. N1), and Schloss Vaduz, Liechtenstein (cat. no. 871 & 881). In recent years a small number have been offered for sale at auction, including one sold in these rooms 8th December 2010, lot 126; another from the collection of Karsten Klingbeil at Pierre Bergé & Hermann Historica, Brussels, 13th December 2011, lot 88 and another was in the collection of Lord Astor of Hever, sold Sotheby's, London, 5 May 1983, Lot 29.

The fashion for Turkish-style arms is recorded in Europe as early as the middle years of the 16th century. King Philip II had a 'Turkish' bodyguard for his entry into Milan in 1548. The influence of Turkish taste is evident in both the style and technique of decoration of the Salzburg shields which has its origins in Turkish bookbindings of the period. During the 16th Century Venice had its own leatherworkers guild and many bookbindings as well as helmets, shields and quivers were made in this manner.

For a contemporary discussion on the Venetian technique of varnishing and gilding see Leonardo Fioravanti, Compendio de' Secreti Nationali, Venice 1562 and Tommaso Garzoni, La Piazza universale di tutte le professioni del mondo, Nuovamente ristampata, posta in luce da Thomaso Garzoni da Bagnacauallo, con l'aggiunta d'alcune bellissime annotationi a discorso per discorso, Venice 1589. See E.J. Grube, 2007, pp. 231-251.

Related shields of this type, but not part of the Salzburg contract, are preserved in the armoury of the Palazzo Ducale, Venice (See U. Franzoi 1990, pp. 82-3). Another, set with a late 15th Century besagew in the centre and perhaps related to a group in the Correr Museum, Venice, was sold Sotheby's, Milan, 14th October 2009, lot 1217.
£16000-20000
404.    AN ITALIAN ETCHED MORION IN THE 'SPANISH' FASHION, CIRCA 1590
with tall one-piece almond-shaped crown rising to a short 'stalk', slightly down-turned narrow brim with roped inward-turned edges, the base of the crown encircled by fourteen iron rivets on brass rosette washers (the washers incomplete, plume-holder missing), and etched throughout with classical warriors in strapwork cartouches separated by vertical bands filled with trophies-of-armour and celestial masks (the brim with small chips, the skull with a small patched repair)
20.5cm; 8in high
£1200-1800
405.    A RARE NORTH ITALIAN SALLET, CIRCA 1500
with hemispherical skull rising to a low medial ridge, centrally-cusped brow-plate arched over the face, and short tail-plate projecting backwards to a rounded end, each attached to the former by a pair of rivets (that at the right of the tail-plate broken out), the lowest plates in each case formed with a plain inward turn (the whole heavily corroded and showing some rust perforations, chips, delamination of the metal, small brazed repairs, a working-life riveted repair at the nape and a more recent repair at the centre of the tail)
19.8cm; 7¾in high

This sallet shows a preservation typical of pieces obtained from the armoury of the Knights of St John at Rhodes which fell to the Turks in 1522/3. It can be compared with sallets from that source now preserved in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds (IV. 481), the Higgins Armoury Museum, Worcester, Mass. (880), and several private collections (W. Karcheski & T. Richardson 2000, pp. 9 & 13-15).
£4000-6000
406.    FOUR STEEL STIRRUPS, 19TH CENTURY
with openwork treads, slender side-bars, and fitted at the top with a rotating loop (chemically cleaned)
(4)£50-80
407.    TWO SPANISH ROWEL SPURS, 19TH CENTURY
of differing size, each with eight-point rowel, the first with broad heel band, and retaining a portion of a buckle; the second with broad heel band and traces of silver-encrusted decoration
the first: 19cm; 7 1/2in
(2) £60-80
408.    A RARE LIÈGOIS FLINTLOCK V-SPRING POWDER-TESTER (EPROUVETTE), EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with plain box-lock action, sliding thumb-piece safety-catch, flat-sided chequered walnut butt, fitted with a pair of arcs joined by a v-spring, the upper arc graduated from '1' to '80', and fitted with sprung brass rider
26.5cm; 10 3/8in

For similar examples see R. T. W. Kempers 1998, pp. 141-145.£400-600
409.    A GERMAN MUSKETEER'S POWDER-FLASK, 17TH CENTURY, AND TWO FURTHER FLASKS
the first with curved steel-bound wooden body of tapering-rectangular section, fitted with nozzle with spring cut-off, three loops for suspension (one missing) and belt hook; the second a triangular flask of musketeer's type, with steel-bound fabric-covered wooden body, fitted with nozzle and a sprung catch, and the rear with a belt hook, and the third a small triangular charge flask of similar design
the first: 31.7cm; 12 1/2in
(3)
£800-1000
410.    AN ENGRAVED FLASK IN GERMAN 16TH CENTURY STYLE
of bifurcated horn, the outer face decorated with Apollo, Ceres and a snail, the inner with bold scrolls of foliage and a central cartouche, fitted with two steel basal caps, one incorporating a spring cut-off, later brass nozzle, and four later small rings for suspension (belt hook missing)
23.5cm; 9 1/4in high£400-600
411.    A GROUP OF HORN, LEATHER AND BRASS POWDER AND SHOT FLASKS, 18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES
comprising a flask of flattened horn, with brass nozzle, spring cut-off and two loops for suspension; another, with wooden stopper; another, with brass-bound horn body; another, its body stained in imitation of tortoiseshell; another, of natural form, with brass nozzle, and two iron loops for suspension; another, with pigskin body and brass nozzle by G. & J. Hawksley; two with embossed brass body, and a leather shot flask
the first: 23cm; 9in
(9)£300-400
412.    TWO DECORATED FLASKS, 19TH CENTURY
the first probably North African, with round hide body, decorated with a stylised flower on the outer face, fitted with pierced steel nozzle with sliding wooden cut-off, and a pair of loops for suspension; the second of engraved gourd, the outer face engraved with a half-length portrait and signed (perhaps I. Teslis), the inner face with an expanded flowerhead, fitted with a pair of loops for suspension and turned wooden nozzle
the first: 22cm; 8 3/4in high£100-150
413.    A QUANTITY OF POWDER-FLASKS; A SHOT-MEASURE; TWO BULLET MOULDS; AND TWO RELOADING TOOLS FOR PIN-FIRE CARTRIDGES, 19TH CENTURY
including three leather shot-flasks; four embossed flasks; a bandolier; an engraved horn flask; a bullet mould for 120 bore balls; another bullet mould, with turned wooden handles; and the shot-measure with graduated brass head
(qty) £200-300
414.    SEVEN FLATTENED HORN PRIMING FLASKS, 18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES
the first carved in imitation of a scaly monster, and fitted with horn stopper; another, with carved basal cap and wooden stopper; another, with black-stained horn basal cap and stopper; another four; and one small horn of natural form, engraved with simple rustic ornament
the first: 18.5cm; 7 1/4in
(8)£200-300
415.    A DECORATED HORN FLASK; FIVE FURTHER FLASKS; AND TWO TOOLS, 18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES
the first of flattened cow horn engraved on one side with a stag and a rabbit and on the other with an amorous couple, and fitted with ivory stopper; three small horn flasks, of natural form; two leather shot pouches; and a shot measure
the first: 21.5cm; 8 1/2in
(8)

£200-300
416.    A COLLECTION OF VARIOUS DETACHED COCKS, STEELS AND ELEMENTS OF FLINTLOCK GUNS AND PISTOL LOCKS, 18TH CENTURY AND LATER
(some rusted, losses)£200-250
417.    SEVENTEEN VARIOUS PERCUSSION HAMMERS, 19TH CENTURY
£100-150
418.    A LEFT-HAND FLINTLOCK MECHANISM FOR A SPORTING GUN BY DURS EGG, A BACK-ACTION LOCK FOR A SPORTING GUN BY H. NOCK, AND A DETACHED WHEEL-LOCK
the first with semi-rainproof pan (rusted, top-jaw and screw missing, the second engraved (hammer missing); a further percussion lock, two detached dogs and a the wheel-lock mechanism in 17th century military style
(7)£100-150
419.    A SWORD CASE BY RUNDELL & BRIDGE & CO. CIRCA 1840-61; ANOTHER SWORD CASE, 20TH CENTURY; A CASE FOR A FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN, LATE 18TH CENTURY; A REVOLVER CASE, MID-19TH CENTURY AND A CASE FORMED AS A BOOK
the first of mahogany, lined in padded white silk, printed with the retailer's details, and with brass carrying handle (the interior worn); the second for a mameluke-hilted sword, of mahogany, and lined in red velvet; the third of mahogany, for a gun with approximately 32in long barrel, with flush-fitting brass carrying handle, the interior lined in green baize (lid lining stripped), and retaining its compartments and a lock tray (restorations); the fourth of oak (compartments missing), and the fifth covered with tooled gilt leather (worn)
(5)£300-400
420.    A CHISELLED BRASS POMMEL FROM A TRANSITIONAL SWORD AND A SMALL-SWORD SWORD GRIP
the first decorated with foliage, the second covered with plaited steel wire, together with a miniature bronze mortar, modern£100-150
421.    A QUANTITY OF FIREARMS ACCESSORIES
including a 54 bore brass bullet mould by Barker, six further bullet moulds, a double turnscrew, a quantity of wad cutters, oil bottles and percussion cap boxes
(qty)
£300-400
422.    TWO GOAT'S FOOT LEVER'S FOR SPANNING CROSSBOWS, 17TH/18TH CENTURY AND A LARGE QUANTITY OF CROSSBOW BOLTS
the first of steel (pitted), with shaped side-bars, a pair of lugs for attachment to the tiller, and a moulded handle at the top; the second comprising two bars of wood, the shorter with two recesses for the tiller lugs (chipped), and the longer with a moulded handle; the crossbow bolts comprising three moulded steel heads on wooden shafts, 16th century; three shafts of similar date, one with later head; four 19th Century bolts with turned steel heads; eighteen 19th century bolts with triangular steel heads; and eleven further bolts
the first: 32cm; 12 1/2in when closed
(41)£350-450
423.    TWO STEEL GOAT'S FOOT LEVER'S FOR SPANNING CROSSBOWS, 17TH/18TH CENTURY
the first with shaped side-bars, a pair of lugs for attachment to the tiller joined by a moulded bar, and a turned handle at the top (perhaps replaced); the second of similar form, with turned wooden handle retained by a brass ferrule
the first: 34cm; 13 1/2in when closed
(2)
£400-450
424.    A FLEMISH TARGET CROSSBOW AND WINDLASS, 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with robust steel bow stamped twice with a mark on the inside, fitted with a later string of twisted cord and retained by a pair of irons, figured walnut tiller applied with a large iron plaque on each side of the nut cavity, associated bone nut, the underside with moulded rest, fitted with steel fork in place of its stirrup, moulded trigger, complete with a steel cranequin
98cm; 38 5/8in tiller
£1200-1500
425.    AN ITALIAN STONEBOW, 17TH CENTURY
with slender steel bow retained by a pair of irons, fruitwood tiller of characteristic form carved with raised bands and with a scroll above the trigger (repaired), fitted with fixed moulded steel fore-sight, folding back-sight, a pair of small engraved side-plates slender trigger with moulded finial and later turned pommel
94.5cm; 37 1/4in tiller
£800-1000
426.    AN ENGLISH CROSSBOW, EARLY 17TH CENTURY
with slender steel bow, folding fore-sight, slender rosewood tiller of near square-section retaining some engraved bone plaques on the top, the underside previously inlaid with twisted brass wire (extensive losses, pommel missing), and built-in steel gaffle (the steel parts with light rust, worn)
65cm; 25 5/8in tiller
£300-400
427.    A PAIR OF MINIATURE BRONZE HOWITZERS IN PORTUGUESE MID-16TH CENTURY, 20TH CENTURY
each cast in one piece, decorated with inscriptions around the muzzle, bands of anthemion, armillary spheres, the crowned Royal Arms and a lengthy inscription at the median, a pair of plain trunnions, and the cascable formed as a grotesque mask drawn-out to a button
31.8cm; 12 1/2in
(2)
£800-1000
428.    A SMALL BRONZE SALUTING CANNON, 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY FRENCH
with multi-stage barrel strongly moulded at the muzzle, formed with raised astragals, engraved with a cypher on the first reinforce (rubbed), a pair of plain trunnions, a pair of dolphin lifting-handles on an engraved ground, globose cascable formed with a moulded vent above: on a brass carriage with brass spoked wheels
29.2cm; 11 1/2in barrel
1cm; 3/8in bore£600-800
429.    A BRONZE SALUTING CANNON BY BUTTALL, MID-18TH CENTURY, LONDON,
with tapering multi-stage barrel belled at the muzzle and engraved with the Prince of Wales' feather's, engraved 'H+M' on the second reinforce, struck with London view and proof marks, the maker's mark, and impressed 'Buttall Minories' on the first reinforce, a pair of plain trunnions, raised vent field, moulded base ring and globose cascable, in rich brown patinated condition: on a later wooden stand
27.5cm; 10 3/4in barrel
2.3cm; 7/8in bore

Jonathon Buttall, a gunmaker, is recorded as an apprentice in the Founders' Company circa 1741-8. He also supplied brass furniture for small arms to the Ordnance.£1000-1500
430.    A .22 CALIBRE U.S. POPE'S PATENT AIR PISTOL, LATE 19TH CENTURY
with 28in barrel and nickel-plated body
30cm; 11 7/8in£120-180
431.    A RARE GERMAN COMBINED HUNTING SWORD AND FLINTLOCK PISTOL, CIRCA 1750
with fullered blade double-edged towards the point, the outer face fitted with a two-stage barrel at the forte, down-turned scalloped shell-guard, knuckle-guard with central moulding, scalloped cap pommel, and wooden grip incorporating the action (patinated throughout)
59.3cm; 23 3/8in blade
£500-700
432.    A RARE 32 BORE FRENCH COMBINED FLINTLOCK PISTOL AND SPEAR, LATE 18TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel retaining traces of engraved decoration (tang repaired), associated rounded lock, wooden stock (worm damage) carved with a moulding about the lock and the tang, extending at the rear to form a long haft, fitted in the middle with a moulded steel trigger, steel mounts including solid side-plate, fitted at the front with a bifurcated spearhead incorporating a shorter hooked blade, steel ramrod, and steel shoe
162cm; 63 3/4in overall
£1000-1200
433.    AN 80 BORE PERCUSSION TRANSITIONAL REVOLVER, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1840
with reblued octagonal sighted rifled barrel (signature rubbed, probably Langley), reblued cylinder, scroll-engraved rounded bar-hammer action (hammer dented), engraved backs-rap, and finely chequered walnut butt
31cm; 12 1/4in
£300-400
434.    A 4MM CONTINENTAL SIX-SHOT PIN-FIRE REVOLVER, CIRCA 1860
with nickel-plated octagonal signed barrel, nickel-plated hammer, engraved cylinder and frame, the latter fitted with clearing rod and loading-gate on the right, and carved hardwood butt
13.2cm; 5 1/8in£120-140
435.    A .36 CALIBRE SECOND MODEL COOPER'S PATENT FIVE-SHOT PERCUSSION REVOLVER, NO. 3151, CIRCA 1864-9
with 4in barrel, rebated cylinder, plain frame, brass back-strap and trigger-guard (action loose), and a pair of walnut grips (worn)
22cm; 8 3/4in
£300-350
436.    A RARE 6MM CONTINENTAL NOEL PATENT TWELVE-SHOT PILL-LOCK TURRET PISTOL, NO. 25, CIRCA 1870
with octagonal sighted numbered barrel formed with a pronounced rib, pierced frame engraved with foliage, vertically-mounted numbered cylinder, engraved side-hammer, cylinder cover and catch, folding trigger, and chequered ebonised butt with engraved steel cap
22cm; 8 5/8in

Pierre Jules Noel received the patent for his turret pistol on 22nd December 1868. £350-450
437.    A CASED 120 BORE SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION PEPPERBOX REVOLVER, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1845
with fluted barrel group, scroll-engraved bar hammer action with engraved back-strap, a pair of finely chequered grips, and engraved steel trigger-guard (areas of wear and light pitting): in a fitted mahogany case (lid cracked), lined in purple velvet, complete with a full complement of accessories comprising copper flask by Sykes, oil bottle, wad cutter, wrench and turnscrew, with an extract from the Police Gazette of 1824 marked The Chief Constable, Rowley Regis and inscribed in ink 'George Taylor 1824', and a further card inscribed 'The contents of this box belonged to.....George Taylor.....Chief Constable of Rowley Regis in 1824'
20cm; 8in
£700-1000
438.    A 54 BORE TRANTER PATENT FIVE-SHOT DOUBLE-ACTION PERCUSSION REVOLVER, RETAILED BY B. COGSWELL, 224 STRAND, LONDON, NO.12,909T CIRCA 1860
with octagonal sighted barrel engraved around the muzzle, engraved frame and top-strap decorated with scrollwork, the former signed by the retailer, cylinder with roped forward edge, safety-stop, border and scroll-engraved rammer, trigger-guard and butt-cap, and chequered walnut butt (worn throughout)
30.8cm; 12 1/8in
£350-450
439.    A .31 CALIBRE COLT MODEL 1849 SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION POCKET REVOLVER, NO.198817 FOR 1862
with 6in barrel with one line New York address, steel frame, engraved cylinder, brass trigger-guard retaining traces of silver-plating, back-strap engraved '...Car 1862' (tapped with holes, perhaps for a shoulder stock), walnut grips, with matching numbers and traces of finish,
28.5cm; 11 1/4in£500-700
440.    A .36 CALIBRE U.S. MANHATTAN FIREARMS COMPANY FIFTH SERIES NAVY TYPE SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION REVOLVER, NO. 3209, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1857-68
of standard production specifications, with 4in blued barrel, case-hardened frame, engraved cylinder, silver-plated trigger-guard and back-strap, polished walnut grips with matching numbers and retaining some early colour throughout
22.8cm; 9in£500-600
441.    A .44 CALIBRE COLT MODEL 1860 PERCUSSION ARMY REVOLVER NO. 78826 FOR 1862
with 8in 1/2in barrel with single line New York address, rebated cylinder, steel frame, polished walnut grips, brass trigger-guard (worn throughout), and matching numbers
35cm; 13 3/4 in £400-700
442.    A RARE CASED 54 BORE BEAUMONT-ADAMS PATENT FIVE-SHOT DOUBLE-ACTION PERCUSSION REVOLVER WITH SHOULDER STOCK, NO., 30796, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1860-65
with blued octagonal sighted barrel fitted with loading lever on the left (small dents on the right), border-engraved blued frame signed 'Adams patent' and numbered on the right, blued numbered cylinder, chequered walnut butt, blued trigger-guard and butt-cap, the latter fitted with a pierced eye for a lanyard, and with some early finish throughout (oxidised to brown in areas), skeleton shoulder stock with finely chequered butt, fitted with a knurled press-stud, and numbered en suite: in original fitted oak case (lid repaired), lined in green baize, and complete with some accessories including R. Adams patent brass bullet mould, powder-flask by G & J. W Hawksley and nickel-topped glass Young's oil bottle
62cm; 24 1/2 including stock£2500-3000
443.    A .700 CALIBRE FRENCH MODEL AN.13 FLINTLOCK CAVALRY PISTOL, DATED 1811
the barrel with dated breech, regulation lock with St Etienne arsenal inscription (stock repaired, ramrod missing)
35cm; 13 7/8in
£300-400
444.    A .650 CALIBRE ITALIAN FLINTLOCK CAVALRY PISTOL, DATED 1813
based on the French model of year IX, with 20cm barrel stamped with Ordnance marks at the breech, lock with Brescian Royal arsenal inscription, brass pan (cock seized, top-jaw and cock retaining screw missing), walnut half-stock, and regulation brass mounts (ramrod missing)
35.5cm; 14in

See R. Brooker 2006, p.151.£300-500
445.    AN ALBINI CENTRE-FIRE BREECH-LOADING MILITARY RIFLE, DATED 1867
with tapering sighted barrel, hinged breech, back-action lock, regulation walnut full stock, impressed 'D'Ancion Fils 1867' on the left of the butt, steel mounts (the steel parts pitted), steel clearing rod, and complete with its bayonet
88cm; 34 5/8in barrel
£300-450
446.    A .600 CALIBRE SWEDISH MODEL 1850 RIFLED PERCUSSION CAVALRY PISTOL WITH SHOULDER STOCK
of regulation type, with browned sighted 30cm barrel, steel tang incorporating the back-sight, case-hardened lock stamped with 'C' crowned, half-stock, chequered butt, the top applied with a steel plaque extending from the tang and pierced with a key-hole for the shoulder stock, brass mounts comprising side-plate, trigger-guard and pommel the latter stamped '211', fore-end cap, and no provision for a ramrod, the shoulder stock impressed '6R 4SNo67' on the left, fitted with steel lanyard and brass butt-cap (wormed)
67.2cm; 26 1/2in including shoulder stock
(2)£800-1000
447.    A RARE .600 CALIBRE SWEDISH MODEL 1704 FLINTLOCK PISTOL
with tapering sighted three-stage 36cm barrel stamped with Ordnance marks at the breech, tang incorporating the back-sight, rounded lock stamped 'FHS' behind the steel spring blackened full stock, impressed 'XVII in the lock recess, regulation steel mounts, and steel-tipped ramrod, perhaps the original
54cm; 21 1/4in overall£2000-3000
448.    A .700 CALIBRE FRENCH FLINTLOCK MUSKET, CIRCA 1700
with octagonal swamped sighted barrel, stamped with a crowned L mark at the breech (probably for St Etienne) and a brief inscription, rounded lock, hardwood full stock carved with a raised moulding about the tang, the butt formed with a near flat spine and base of sharply-arched section, moulded steel mounts including solid side-plate, trigger-guard and butt-plate with tang of shaped outline, and wooden ramrod (shortened, the steel parts cleaned)
117cm; 46in barrel£800-1000
449.    A .750 SWEDISH MODEL 1815/45 PERCUSSION MUSKET AND A 15 BORE PERCUSSION GUN, 19TH CENTURY
the first of regulation type, with 103.5cm barrel retained by three brass bands, lock with dog safety-catch, hardwood full stock (cracked), and complete with its steel ramrod (worn throughout); the second composite, with sighted barrel of hogsback form, stepped lock, walnut half-stock, and brass mounts (worn throughout)
the first: 103.5cm; 40 3/4in barrel
(2)£400-500
450.    A 1 1/4IN BORE SWEDISH PERCUSSION MUSKETOON, CIRCA 1845
of regulation type, with heavy sighted brass 52cm barrel retained by a brass band, steel tang incorporating the back-sight, steel lock fitted with dog safety-catch, hardwood full stock, brass mounts including trigger-guard, butt-plate, side-plate and steel pivot mount
95.2cm; 37 1/2in overall£900-1200
451.    A .577 TWO BAND SNIDER-ENFIELD CARBINE, DATED 1864; A .700 CALIBRE CONTINENTAL BREECH-LOADING MUSKET, MID-19TH CENTURY; AND A 20 BORE PERCUSSION MUSKET, 19TH CENTURY
the first with sighted barrel, stamped with Ordnance marks and fitted with ladder back-sight, dated lock with Enfield arsenal inscription, walnut stock and regulation brass mounts; the second with sighted barrel, walnut full stock and regulation steel mounts (pitted); and the third for native use (extensively worn)
the first: 55cm; 21 3/4in barrel
(3)£350-450
452.    A .750 CALIBRE TWO-BAND PERCUSSION ENFIELD MUSKET, CIRCA 1870
with sighted barrel retained by two steel bands, plain lock, regulation brass mounts including brass butt-plate numbered '219' and stamped 'Sirohi State 28-3-15', and steel ramrod (the steel parts pitted)
84cm; 33in barrel£250-300
453.    A RARE .650 CALIBRE PERCUSSION CARBINE FOR THE BENGAL IRREGULAR CAVALRY BY GARDEN, 200 PICCADDILY, LONDON, CIRCA 1850-60
with browned twist sighted barrel fitted with steel stirrup ramrod, signed over the breech (rubbed), tang incorporating standing back-sight, border-engraved regulation lock with regimental inscription (rubbed), regulation walnut full stock, white metal regulation mounts comprising trigger-guard, butt-cap, and a pair of ramrod-pipes, and steel saddle bar with ring for suspension
53.5cm; 21in barrel£300-500
454.    A RARE .690 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK MILITARY RIFLE BY JOHN PROBIN, BIRMINGHAM PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1790-95
with swamped octagonal barrel rifled with eight grooves and stamped with the maker's mark, IP within a rectangle, fitted with white metal fore-sight (the back-sight replaced), flat border-engraved lock stamped with the crown mark and signed on the tail, figured walnut full stock swelling about the rear ramrod-pipe, the butt boldly impressed '2' over '13' and with a broad arrow mark feintly impressed on the left of the comb (the stock with slight shrinkage about the lock, minor filled repairs), full brass mounts of regulation type, a pair of sling swivels, and steel ramrod
77.1cm; 30 3/8in barrel

Literature
De Witt Bailey, Ph.D., British Military Flintlock Rifles 1740-1840, Rhode Island, 2002, pp.189-190, illustrated.

In April 1776 Heneage Finch, Lord Guernsey, later Fourth Earl of Aylesford, recommended that John Probin be allowed to make rifle barrels for the Board of Ordnance. The Board requested that one of Probin's barrels be sent to the Tower for testing. There are no further references after this. However, there are a number of other very similar rifles to the present one known, some of which have unit markings on the brasswork suggesting that they were issued. Another is preserved in the Royal Armouries, Leeds. See C. J. Ffoulkes 1916, p.350, no.150. For a discussion of these rifles see D.W.Bailey 2002, pp.189-190.
£1200-1800
455.    A .56 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK SEA SERVICE PISTOL, MID-18TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel stamped with Ordnance marks at the breech, border-engraved lock with 'GR' crowned, 'Tower' and broad arrow mark, regulation walnut full stock carved with an apron moulding about the tang and impressed with Ordnance marks, brass mounts, steel belt hook, and brass-tipped wooden ramrod
48.8cm; 19in£1000-1500
456.    A .57 CALIBRE LONG SEA SERVICE FLINTLOCK PISTOL, MID-18TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel, border-engraved lock with 'Tower' and 'GR' crowned, rounded pan, full stock (restored), brass mounts, steel belt hook, and brass-tipped ramrod
48.5cm; 19 1/8in
£1500-2000
457.    A .57 CALIBRE LONG SEA SERVICE FLINTLOCK PISTOL, DATED 1759
with tapering barrel, flat dated lock signed Vernon on the tail, with 'GR' crowned, fitted with flat cock and V-shaped pan (the steel refaced), full stock (fore-end replaced), brass mounts and steel belt hook (the steel parts pitted)
48.5cm; 19 1/8in£1200-1600
458.    A .650 CALIBRE LAND PATTERN FLINTLOCK PISTOL OF THE 17TH LANCERS, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
of regulation type, with 9in barrel stamped with Ordnance marks at the breech, border-engraved lock with 'Tower' 'GR' crowned and broad arrow mark, regulation full stock, regulation brass mounts including trigger-guard stamped 'XVII-LS/C/12', and stirrup ramrod
39cm; 15 3/8in overall
£1000-1500
459.    A .65 CALIBRE NEW LAND PATTERN FLINTLOCK PISTOL, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel stamped with Ordnance marks at the breech, bevelled lock with 'GR' crowned, 'Tower' and broad arrow mark, walnut full stock with inspector's stamps, brass mounts, and steel stirrup ramrod
38.5cm; 15 1/4in£800-1200
460.    A .700 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK CAVALRY PISTOL, THE LOCK DATED 1848/9
of East Indian pattern type, the breech struck with an Eastern proof mark, regulation lock struck with the date in Arabic, dated lock, walnut full stock (cracked) impressed 'J. Smith', regulation brass mounts, and no provision for a ramrod
39.2cm; 15 1/2in
£250-350
461.    A 40 BORE BOHEMIAN WHEEL-LOCK RIFLED SPORTING CARBINE BY JOHANNES MENDEL IN PRAG, CIRCA 1660
with octagonal swamped sighted barrel, rifled with seven grooves, stamped with the barrelsmith's mark (Neue Støckel 778), engraved with a flower, chiselled with a band of beadwork and signed over the breech, plain tang, flat lock retaining some early blue, fitted with external wheel retained by a scrolling bracket, flash-guard, sliding pan-cover and engraved dog, double set trigger, figured hardwood full stock moulded over the fore-end, engraved with a simple linear band and punched with stars around the butt, the left inlaid with an engraved staghorn plaque depicting a reclining stag and the right with patchbox fitted with sliding cover decorated en suite, steel trigger-guard shaped for the fingers, engraved staghorn mounts decorated with linear ornament and foliage, comprising a pair of washers for the side-nails, butt-plate (one small chip), ramrod-pipes, fore-end cap, and wooden ramrod with tip en suite with the fore-end
71cm; 28in

Johannes Mendel (1648-72) is first recorded in connection with Prague's defense against the Swedish invasion. He later became a guildmaster. £3500-4500
462.    A 26 BORE BOHEMIAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE BY HEINRICH REIMER, CIRCA 1630-40
with octagonal swamped sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, decorated with a punched band, stamped with the maker's mark (probably Neue Støckel 917) and name over the breech, flat lock engraved with a garland of Eger-style flowers around the spindle, and an exotic bird on the left, fitted with engraved flash-guard, sliding pan-cover, internal wheel and engraved pierced dog decorated with a flowerhead and a serpent, double set trigger, figured hardwood full stock moulded over the fore-end, the butt with carved cheek-piece inlaid with an engraved staghorn plaque decorated with a woodland scene included a doe and a stag on the left, patchbox with sliding cover decorated with engraved staghorn plaques on the right, and inlaid with a further plaque on the spine, trigger-guard shaped for the fingers, a pair of engraved staghorn flowerhead washers opposite the lock, engraved staghorn ramrod-pipe, horn butt-cap, engraved staghorn fore-end cap, and wooden ramrod with engraved staghorn cap
88cm; 34 3/4in barrel

Heinrich Reimer is recorded in Olmütz, Bohemia circa 1607-10.£3000-4000
463.    AN 18 BORE SOUTH GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, AUGSBURG, CIRCA 1630-40
with swamped octagonal sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, engraved with a band at the breech and over the muzzle, the former stamped with Augsburg town mark and the maker's mark incorporating a tankard, flat lock stamped with the maker's mark en suite with the breech on the inside, fitted with external wheel retained by a pierced engraved brass bracket decorated with monsters, blued flash-guard, blued-steel sliding pan-cover with engraved brass button release, engraved pierced dog with blued top-jaw, the dog-spring retained by an engraved brass bridle, double set trigger, figured hardwood full stock moulded over the fore-end, the butt with carved cheek-piece inlaid with an engraved staghorn plaque decorated with a vase of flowers on the left, and patchbox with sliding cover on the right, trigger-guard shaped for the fingers and engraved with an early inventory number 'no. 23', a pair of engraved staghorn washers opposite the lock, engraved staghorn ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap, and steel-tipped ramrod with staghorn cap, perhaps the original
75cm; 29 1/2in barrel£3000-5000
464.    A COMPOSITE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY
with octagonal swamped sighted barrel rifled with six slender grooves, flat lock stamped with a mark, fitted with external wheel retained by a low flat cover, fitted with sliding pan-cover with button release and shaped dog, figured fruit wood full stock (repairs), profusely inlaid with engraved staghorn plaques decorated with scrolling marine monsters within segmental lines, a further large monster opposite the lock, carved cheek-piece inset with a scrollwork cartouche (restorations, trigger missing, patchbox cover replaced), engraved fore-end cap, and later steel trigger-guard
90.5cm; 35 3/4in barrel£2000-3000
465.    A RARE 140 BORE BALTIC-LOCK RIFLED CARBINE, CIRCA 1680
with three-stage heavy sighted barrel rifled with eight slender grooves, octagonal at the breech and muzzle and inlaid with slender wavy brass lines, polygonal over the broad median, engraved tang, flat lock retained by two screws, the main plate pierced with engraved scrolls of foliage and punched with pellets, fitted with cock with faceted top-jaw, faceted pan and faceted pivoting safety-steel, figured burrwood full stock carved with a bold foliate moulding about the rear ramrod-pipe (very small cracks), carved butt with carved cheek-piece including a scroll on the left, inlaid over its surface with scrolls of brass wire (some lifting) and fitted on the underside with patchbox with sliding cover, steel side-plate formed as an engraved bird, steel trigger-guard, supported by two bars on either side of the patchbox and moulded in the centre, steel butt-plate, gilt copper trigger-plate, three moulded brass ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, and steel ramrod
55cm; 21 3/4in barrel

Provenance

Martin Retting Collection

A carbine with a lock decorated in the same manner and a barrel of related form is preserved in the Tøjhusmuseet, Copenhagen (inv. no B883). See O. Smith 1938, p. 203.£3000-5000
466.    A RARE BALTIC FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY RUSSIAN
with swamped barrel strongly belled at the elliptical muzzle and fitted with moulded fore-sight, chiselled with a raised band and engraved with foliage at the breech, engraved grooved tang, stepped bevelled lock engraved with a trophy-of-arms and a spray of foliage (cock replaced), figured hardwood full stock, engraved steel mounts including solid side-plate decorated with shell ornament, trigger-guard with finial of shaped outline, butt-plate and a pair of ramrod pipes, horn fore-end cap and horn-tipped ramrod
68cm; 26 3/4in barrel
£1500-2000
467.    AN 18 BORE DANISH FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE BY VALENTIN MARR, COPENHAGEN, CIRCA 1740
with octagonal blued swamped sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, decorated with silver scrollwork at the breech and the muzzle, the former with gold-lined vent (back-sight missing), engraved tang numbered '2', rounded lock signed on a scroll with foliage above and below, double set trigger, figured walnut full stock moulded over the fore-end (cracked through, the butt with worm damage), carved with foliage about the rear ramrod-pipe and the tang, the butt with raised cheek-piece on the left and patchbox with fluting sliding cover on the right (chipped), brass mounts cast and chased in low relief, including pierced side-plate decorated with rococo ornament, butt-plate with scrolls and foliage enclosing a profile head, trigger-guard with acanthus finial and three moulded ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap (chipped) and horn-tipped ramrod
67.5cm; 26 5/8in barrel

Valentin Marr is recorded circa 1696-1786. He worked with David Bars in Stockholm around 1729. He returned to Copenhagen circa 1733 where he made a number of pieces for the Royal family, many of which are still preserved in the Tøjhusmuseet and Rosenborg Castle, Copenhagen. He is considered one of Denmark's finest gunmakers. See F. Askgaard 1988, p. 320.£2000-3000
468.    A FINE 38-BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE SIGNED RAGUIN A FKL, CIRCA 1725
with heavy swamped octagonal barrel rifled with seven grooves, fitted with brass fore-sight, and engraved blued three-leaf back-sight, engraved breech decorated with panels of scrolling foliage inhabited by animals on a hatched ground and cut with decorative bands at the rear, plain tang, signed flat bevelled lock engraved with reclining Classical figures, scrollwork, and trophies-of-arms, blued pan, steel-spring, top-jaw and top-jaw screw, double set trigger, moulded figured walnut full stock, carved with foliage in low relief about the rear ramrod-pipe, the tang and the mounts, the butt with carved raised cheek-piece with a monsterhead scroll on the left and patchbox with sliding fluted cover on the right, inlaid with silver wire scrolls enriched with pellets over the grip (small losses), cast and chiselled brass mounts, decorated in the French taste with trophies-of-hunting, including sideplate decorated with a boar, circular silver escutcheon chased with a profile bust of an armoured man, the flat of the butt-plate engraved 'No: 19' and with a man smoking a pipe, blued-steel sling swivels, engraved brass fore-end cap, and wooden ramrod with engraved brass tip
84.8cm; 33 1/8in barrel

Provenance
Jagdschloß Kranichstein

W.Keith Neal, sold Christie's King Street, 9th November 2000, lot 137
£2000-3000
469.    AN UNUSUAL 54 BORE BALTIC PERCUSSION BIRDING RIFLE, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
converted from flintlock, with heavy swamped barrel rifled with eight narrow grooves, cut with a raised panel set with moulded silver fore-sight at the muzzle, adjustable rear-sight and grooved at the breech, angular tang, curved blued bevelled lock, set trigger, carved walnut full stock of early form, cut with linear patterns, moulded over the fore-end and about the mounts, angular butt, carved with a scroll and recessed for the cheek on the left, fitted with patch-box with blued steel-mounted sliding cover on the right, blued steel mounts comprising trigger-guard shaped for the fingers, moulded ramrod-pipes and butt-plate
95.5cm; 37 5/8in barrel

It appears that this gun was fitted with a precision barrel at the same it was converted to percussion, circa 1830-50.£800-1000
470.    A 14 BORE SWEDISH PERCUSSION SPORTING RIFLE BY MEIDINGER, STOCKHOLM, CIRCA 1750
converted from flintlock, with octagonal swamped sighted barrel rifled with eight grooves and chiselled with a band of beadwork at the breech, signed stepped bevelled lock engraved with border ornament and sprays of foliage, figured walnut full stock (small chips), moulded over the fore-end, carved with foliage about barrel tang, raised cheek-piece carved with foliage on the left of the butt and patchbox with carved sliding cover decorated en suite on the right, moulded steel mounts (rear ramrod-pipe missing), including trigger-guard with finial of shaped outline and butt-plate with pronounced heel, solid side-plate engraved with foliage and shell ornament, faceted ramrod-pipe, a single sling swivel (the other missing) and horn fore-end cap (ramrod missing)
71cm; 28in barrel

Johan Frantz Medinger was born in Germany in 1720 where he apprenticed to Moritz Friederich Nussbaum circa 1750. He returned to Sweden where he was appointed gunmaker to the King Adolph Frederick (1710-1771) on 4th September 1759. A number of firearms by him, including a gun with gold inlaid mounts, are preserved in the Livrustkammeren, Stockholm. See K. Wennberg 1979, p.38 and N Drejholt, 1996, p. 255. £600-800
471.    A 25 BORE SWEDISH PERCUSSION SPORTING RIFLE BY A. GERHARD, STOCKHOLM, CIRCA 1740-50
converted from flintlock, with swamped sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, punched with the letters 'C.G.L..' and a further series of small letters and numbers over the breech, the tang inscribed with the inventory number 'No. 4', signed strongly bevelled lock, figured walnut full stock, moulded over the fore-end, carved with foliage about the tang, the butt with raised cheek-piece on the left and patchbox with carved sliding cover on the right, steel mounts comprising moulded bevelled side-plate, butt-plate with pronounced heel and tang of shaped outline, strongly bevelled trigger-guard, and a pair of faceted ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, the base of the butt inset with an early inventory tag, and original horn-tipped wooden ramrod
82cm; 32 1/4in barrel

Adam Anthon Gerhardt, the son of a goldsmith, was born in Darmstadt in 1705. He worked with David Bars and married his only daughter in 1736. He was described as one of the best living gunmakers and received his Royal appointment in 1748.£600-800
472.    A .44 CALIBRE U.S. REMINGTON NEW MODEL ARMY SINGLE ACTION SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION REVOLVER, NO.71721, CIRCA 1863-75
of standard production specifications, with 8in blued sighted octagonal barrel stamped 'NJ' for the State of New Jersey contract on the left at the breech, inscribed 'Patented Sept. 14. 1858/ E. Remington & Sons, Ilion New York. U.S.A./ New-Model' on the top flat, case-hardened frame, blued cylinder, oiled walnut grips, case-hardened steel back-strap, brass trigger-guard and retaining almost all of its original finish (the frame and back-strap each with faded areas)
35.5cm; 14in
£1500-2000
473.    A .44 CALIBRE U.S. REMINGTON NEW MODEL ARMY SINGLE ACTION SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION REVOLVER, NO.72788, CIRCA 1863-75
of standard production specifications, with 8in blued sighted octagonal barrel, inscribed 'Patented Sept. 14. 1858/ E. Remington & Sons, Ilion New York. U.S.A./ New-Model' on the top flat, case-hardened frame stamped en suite with the breech, blued cylinder, oiled walnut grips stamped with inspector's mark 'B.H.', case-hardened steel back-strap, brass trigger-guard and retaining some original finish (the underside of the back-strap with minor abrasions)
35.5cm; 14in £1000-1500
474.    A .44 CALIBRE U.S. ROGERS AND & SPENCER SINGLE ACTION SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION REVOLVER, NO.4189, CIRCA 1863-65
of standard production specifications, with 7 1/2in blued sighted octagonal barrel, case-hardened frame inscribed 'Rogers & Spencer/Utica NY' on either side of the sighting groove, blued cylinder, oiled walnut grips stamped with inspector's mark 'R.P.B.' (two very small chips), blued-steel back-strap, blued-steel trigger-guard and retaining much original finish
34cm; 13 3/8in
£1200-1800
475.    A 140 BORE SWEDISH SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION REVOLVER BY JOHAN ENGHOLM, ÖDESSTUGU, CIRCA 1850
with fluted brass tapering barrel group, characteristic breech formed of a raised band enclosing the nipples and left open at the top for the hammer, brass action signed 'IEH' on the left and fitted with steel hammer, figured hardwood butt, and brass trigger-guard
22cm; 8 3/4in

This maker is recorded circa 1820-1918.£600-800
476.    A 40 BORE SWEDISH D.B. PERCUSSION PISTOL BY ANDERS GUSTAFSSON, ÖDESSTUGU, CIRCA 1850
with tapering octagonal brass barrels, signed 'AGS' on the left of the breech, steel box-lock action, steel tang of shaped outline, figured hardwood butt, and brass trigger-guard
27.5cm; 10 3/4in

This maker is recorded circa 1835-1924.
£300-400
477.    A PAIR OF 20 BORE CONTINENTAL PERCUSSION RIFLED TARGET PISTOLS, CIRCA 1830
with browned twist octagonal swamped sighted barrels cut with polygroove rifling, engraved breeches fitted with engraved case-hardened percussion bolsters, engraved tangs fitted with adjustable back-sights, engraved detented locks decorated with scrolls of foliage and fitted with engraved hammers decorated en suite (one hammer retaining screw replaced), set triggers, figured walnut half-stocks (small cracks and chips), finely chequered butts carved with a band of ornament about the pommels, engraved steel mounts including two-piece side-plates formed as a hound mask and a pair of addorsed neoclassical beasts respectively, spurred trigger-guards decorated with a bird on the bows, pommel caps decorated with garlands and moulded rear ramrod-pipes, and one retaining a brass-tipped ramrod with steel worm
36cm; 14 1/4in
(2)£1200-1800
478.    A PAIR OF 28 BORE SWEDISH FLINTLOCK PISTOLS BY PETER RUNDBERG, JONKOPING 1770
with reblued barrels formed in three stages divided by moulded bands, fitted with silver fore-sights, signed 'P.R.B' over the breeches, engraved grooved breech tangs, signed stepped blued locks decorated with border ornament and the tails decorated with conventional foliage, figured walnut full stocks carved with raised mouldings over the fore-ends, scrolls of foliage about the rear ramrod-pipes and the tangs (one butt repaired), engraved steel mounts, comprising solid stepped side-plates decorated with scrolls of foliage (belt hooks missing), trigger-guards with foliate terminals and decorated with trophies-of-hunting on the bow, shaped pommels decorated with further trophies and foliage, a pair of ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end caps (one missing, the other with insect damage), and original horn-tipped wooden ramrods (one with insect damage)
41.5cm; 16 3/8in
(2)

Peter Rundberg (1718-80) was born in Granna. He trained as a stockmaker in Husqvarna in 1739. Five years later he and his brother, Gustav, travelled as journeymen to Stockholm and on to Berlin, Dresden, Kassel, Frankfurt, Strasbourg and finally Paris where Gustav died in 1751. Later that year Peter returned to Stockholm and on to the manufactory at Husqvarna in 1752 where he became master in 1752. See K. Wennberg 1979, pp.74-8.
£4000-6000
479.    A 20 BORE BOHEMIAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL BY FRANTZ PETER, CARLSBAD, CIRCA 1780
with tapering barrel formed with a long flat, fitted with moulded fore-sight on an engraved bed, chiselled with the figure of Ceres beneath a canopy in a scrollwork frame over the breech, engraved grooved tang, bevelled lock engraved with the reclining figure of Diana beneath the pan and a further female figure on the tail, figured walnut full stock carved with scrolls about the rear ramrod-pipe, bird's head butt incised with linear patterns (one very small chip), inset with a cast and chased gilt-brass scrollwork plaque about the tang, gilt-brass mounts comprising solid side-plate decorated with three mounted warriors in combat, trigger-guard with a further cavalryman on the bow, pommel decorated with a trophy-of-arms, two cavalrymen firing at each other, crowned vacant escutcheon supported by a huntsman, a pair of ramrod-pipes and gilt-brass tipped wooden ramrod, probably the original
45.5cm; 18in

Franz Peter is recorded in Carlsbad, Bohemia, circa 1780-1800.
£1800-2200
480.    A PAIR OF 60 BORE BOHEMIAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS, CIRCA 1760, PROBABLY CARLSBAD
each with two-stage swamped sighted barrel, chiselled with foliage over the median, plain tang incorporating the back-sight, rounded lock with a linear moulding on the border and sparsely engraved ornament on the cock, steel and steel spring, figured walnut full stock carved with a raised moulding over the fore-end, foliage about the rear ramrod-pipe and a delicate foliate moulding about the tang, (fore-ends each with very minor repairs, butts with very small chips), full brass mounts finely cast and chased in low relief, comprising pierced side plate decorated with Diana in her chariot enclosed by foliage, trigger-guard with a classical trophy on the bow and acanthus finial, pommel of 'bird's head' form with further designs of foliage and a grotesque, vacant escutcheon carried by a reclining classical figure, a pair of faceted ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end caps, and horn-tipped ramrods
47.3cm; 18 5/8in
(2)£4000-6000
481.    A PAIR OF 16 BORE DUTCH FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS, CIRCA 1700
each with swamped sighted barrel chiselled with a long flat engraved with scrolls of foliage issuant from a crocodile, moulded breech chiselled with an elaborate green man mask issuant with scrolls surmounted by a classical figure and a grotesque, brass-lined double vents, rectangular tang chiselled with a shaped moulding, chiselled rounded lock decorated with a greenman mask on the tail and monsterhead foliage issuant from a profile, the cock chiselled with a serpent confronted by a dragon, steel chiselled with moustacheod masks (one top-jaw and screw replaced), figured walnut full stock (minor repairs) moulded over the fore-end, carved about the rear ramrod-pipe, and with a fluted foliate moulding about the tang, steel mounts finely cast and chiselled in low relief, comprising pierced side-plates decorated with scrolling tendrils including monsterheads issuant from a central grotesque mask, engraved spurred pommels decorated with foliage on each side and fitted with chiselled grotesque mask caps, trigger-guard with pierced foliate finial and decorated with a further mask on the bow, vacant escutcheon supported by a pair of pierced herms, a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes, and steel-tipped wooden ramrod
53cm; 20 7/8in
(2)
£6000-8000
482.    AN 18 BORE AUSTRIAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL BY GEORG KEISER A WIEN, CIRCA 1700
with swamped barrel fitted with silver fore-sight, signed on a long flat and engraved with scrolls, chiselled with an engraved moulding over the breech, engraved tang, signed border-engraved lock decorated with scrolls inhabited by a reclining demi-figure on the tail and an exotic bird beneath the pan, figured walnut full stock (an early working replacement), carved with a raised moulding over the fore-end, and scrolls about the tang, pierced and engraved scrollwork side-plate (losses), moulded steel trigger-guard with acanthus finial, spurred steel pommel engraved with rondels on the spurs and fitted with chased silver grotesque cap, crowned vacant silver escutcheon, a pair of moulded steel ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, and horn-tipped wooden ramrod
55cm; 21 5/8in

Georg Keiser is recorded in Vienna circa 1640-1740. Around 1702 he started working with Felix Meier as Keiser & Meier. Three guns signed Georg Kayser in Wienn and decorated with gold are recorded in the Royal Hanoverian gunroom in 1751.£2000-3000
483.    AN 18 BORE DUTCH FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL BY C. MASTRICK, CIRCA 1685-90
with three-stage sighted barrel, engraved with flowers and foliage on low raised mouldings over the breech, engraved with an exotic bird on the tang, signed border-engraved lock decorated with scrolls of foliage (the tail with a small chip), figured walnut full stock (the fore-end and butt with minor repairs), carved with scrolling tendrils on each side of the rear ramrod-pipes and about the tang, steel mounts comprising side-plate decorated with monsterhead scrolls, spurred pommel engraved with foliage, vacant escutcheon involving further scrolls and a gaping mask, and a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes, and later ramrod
50cm; 19 3/4in

This maker appears to be unrecorded. £1800-2200
484.    A FINE 18 BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL OF THE SAXON ELECTORAL TRABANTENLEIB-GARDE OF CHRISTIAN I (1586-91) OR CHRISTIAN II (1591-11), DATED 1591
with blued swamped two-stage barrel, engraved with linear bands, the breech engraved with bands of foliage, stamped with the date and the barrelsmith's mark, in a shield a cockerel surmounted by the letters 'CH', blued tang, case-hardened flat lock fitted with external wheel, safety-catch, sliding pan-cover with button release, and dog of shaped outline, blackened full stock stamped in imitation of rough staghorn and sparsely inlaid with engraved horn plaques decorated with scrolls and foliage, spherical pommel inset with a horn roundel engraved with the arms of Saxony and the crossed swords of the Archmarshalcy of the Holy Roman Empire, blued-iron trigger-guard, engraved staghorn side nail washers, trigger-plate, ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap, original wooden ramrod with iron tip, engraved staghorn cap, and retaining much original finish throughout
56cm; 22in

Provenance
The Saxon Electoral Armouries, Dresden
John Haines, Iowa
Ray Petry, Pennsylvania

The outstanding condition of this pistol is noteworthy.

The barrelsmith's mark is apparently unrecorded and is perhaps that of Clemens Hahn, recorded in Dresden circa 1590. For a discussion of Saxon military pistols see R. Brooker 1975, pp.102-114.
£10000-14000
485.    A 28 BORE GERMAN SILVER-MOUNTED WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL BY WOLF HOCH, ARNSTADT, CIRCA 1660
with two-stage sighted barrel, signed over the breech (indistinct), and formed with a raised moulding incorporating the back-sight, slender tang, rounded lock retained by three side nails (one shortened), fitted with external wheel, sliding pan-cover with button release, and moulded dog, figured hardwood full stock (small cracks), moulded over the fore-end and carved with scrolls about the rear ramrod-pipe, silver mounts comprising trigger-guard with engraved acanthus finial, spurred pommel decorated with entwined scrolls of foliage and elaborate flowers (small dents), small moulded ramrod-pipe, silver fore-end cap, and wooden ramrod, perhaps the original
52.6cm; 20 3/4in

This maker is recorded in Shwarzburg-Sonderhausen (now in Thuringia) circa 1640-50. A pair of brass mounted pistols by this maker, formerly in the collections of Their Serene Hignesses the Princes zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck were sold Christie's 15th April 1992, lot 257. £3500-4500
486.    A 20 BORE GERMAN LONG WHEEL-LOCK MILITARY HOLSTER PISTOL, SUHL, MID-17TH CENTURY
with two-stage sighted barrel stamped with Suhl control marks, on the left of the breech, slender tang engraved with the number '2', bevelled lock stamped with a further Suhl mark on the inside, fitted with external wheel retained by a small bracket, sliding pan-cover and faceted dog, fruitwood full stock (the fore-end cracked, the grip extensively repaired), steel mounts of military type including butt-cap and trigger-guard (the steel parts pitted), and steel-tipped ramrod
61cm; 24in £2000-3000
487.    A VERY RARE DUTCH SNAP MATCHLOCK TARGET GUN, SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY
of target-shooting weight, with two-stage fluted barrel formed in two stages with moulded girdle struck twice with a bell mark (Neue Støckel 4863), and with long rectangular breech fitted with shaped standing back-sight (muzzle shortened), plain rounded lock, the pan with fence and pivot cover, slender walnut stock with faceted three-quarter length fore-end terminating in an iron band, the butt recessed for the cheek on both sides and weighted with lead at the rear, fitted with a rectangular rest finely carved in relief with the figures of saints within vine bordered niches on both sides, plain iron side-plate of rudimentary quality, iron trigger-guard with pierced finials, and no provision for a ramrod (early working repairs)
113.8cm; 44 ¾ in barrel

For an account of this distinctive type see A. Hoff 1978, pp. 24-30. Hoff states that only about thirty examples have survived. For further examples see J. P. Puype 1996, cat. nos. 21 - 32.
£2000-3000
488.    A GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, CIRCA 1660
with octagonal sighted barrel rifled with six grooves and the breech and muzzle each decorated with a gilded panel drawn-out at three points, flat lock engraved with a unicorn and bull engaged in combat, flat wheel-cover engraved with a serpent within a laurel wreath, pierced engraved dog, set trigger, figured walnut full stock, the butt inlaid with engraved staghorn plaques, including a grazing stag and a pair of birds-of-prey on the cheek-piece, enriched with small geometric plaques of both horn and mother-of-pearl, inlaid with marquetry banding along the comb and fitted with sliding patch-box cover veneered in engraved horn, the fore-end inlaid with further marquetry banding over its length and with later plain geometric mother-of-pearl plaques (some inlay replaced), horn butt-plate, moulded brass trigger-guard and engraved bone fore-end cap (the ramrod-pipes and ramrod replaced)
78.8cm; 31in barrel

Provenance
Counts Schenk von Stauffenberg, sold Sotheby's, Olympia 10th July 2002, lot 260
£2000-3000
489.    A 48 BORE SILESIAN WHEEL-LOCK BIRDING GUN (TSCHINKE), MID-17TH CENTURY
with three-stage barrel octagonal over the breech (pitted, cleaned), fitted with moulded silver fore-sight, engraved blued lock of characteristic form, fitted with external mainspring partly covered by an engraved steel panel, engraved sliding pan-cover with button release, button-catch for setting the sear, flash-guard and engraved dog decorated with tulip flowers (worn, restorations), fruitwood full stock profusely inlaid over its surface with engraved staghorn scrolling tendrils and pellets inhabited by rabbits and foxes pursued by hounds, decorated with a bear beneath the breech, carved cheek-piece with a foliate escutcheon supported by scrolling monsters on the left and patchbox with sliding cover decorated en suite on the right, the whole enriched with green-stained horn rondels, mother-of-pearl ball flowers and further staghorn plaques engraved with flowers and foliage, steel trigger-guard shaped for the fingers, engraved staghorn ramrod-pipe and butt-plate the latter decorated with a rabbit (repairs), two red painted inventory numbers, and horn tipped ramrod, perhaps the original
78.6cm; 31in

Provenance
An Aristocratic Collection, sold Jürg Stuker, Bern, 5th-16th May 1977, lot 3684.
£5000-6000
490.    A 25 BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK GUN, 17TH CENTURY AND LATER
with two-stage tapering sighted barrel, plain flat lock fitted with external wheel retained by a pierced brass plate decorated with a pair of rampant lions beneath a crown, sliding pan-cover, flash-guard and dog, hardwood full stock profusely inlaid over almost its entire surface with staghorn pellets within foliate borders, the butt inlaid en suite recessed for the cheek on the left and with patchbox with matching sliding cover on the right, steel trigger-guard, engraved staghorn ramrod pipes, two red painted inventory numbers, and ramrod with engraved staghorn finial
126.5cm; 49 7/8in barrel

Provenance
An Aristocratic Collection, sold Jürg Stuker, Bern, 5th-16th May 1977, lot 3685.£7000-8000
491.    A GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING CARBINE, DATED 1652
with swamped octagonal sighted barrel signed in stamped miniscules 'Georg Kalb', dated 1652 and inscribed with the early inventory number 'No.87', plain lock with pierced low wheel-cover, sliding pan-cover and pierced engraved dog, fruitwood full stock inlaid with engraved horn plaques and ball-flower tendrils within horn segmental lines over its entire length, including scenes from the chase over the fore-end and patch-box cover, a bear-hunting scene on the cheek-piece, a rustic figure squatting behind the trigger-guard, and a small plaque behind the barrel tang dated 1659 and inscribed with the stockmaker's initials ' HA.S', with a horn plaque fitted over the ramrod aperture engraved with a squirrel eating fruit from a basket, plain horn butt-plate, engraved steel trigger-guard, engraved horn fore-end cap, set trigger, and horn-tipped ramrod
55.3cm; 21 3/4 in barrel
£3000-4000
492.    A 32 BORE AUSTRIAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, CIRCA 1730
with blued swamped octagonal sighted barrel rifled with six grooves, signed 'J.B.' over the breech and incised with a band of simple foliage, the tang pierced for a later peep-sight, engraved flat lock decorated with a stag hunting scene, fitted with internal wheel, sliding pan-cover, and dog decorated en suite with the lock plate (cleaned), double-set trigger, figured walnut full stock, moulded over the fore-end, carved with rococo scrolls about the tang and beneath the lock, the butt with carved raised cheek-piece inlaid at the base with contrasting panels of horn, and patchbox with sliding cover decorated en suite, gilt-brass mounts comprising solid side-plate engraved with a reclining huntress next to an enclosure, trigger-guard shaped for the fingers, trigger-plate butt-plate engraved with scrolls, recessed thumb-plate, three scroll-engraved ramrod-pipes, and fore-end cap, and horn-tipped wooden ramrod
75cm; 29 1/2in barrels
£2500-3500
493.    A 16 BORE FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN, CIRCA 1750, AUSTRIAN OR BOHEMIAN
with two-stage swamped sighted barrel formed with a long flat and moulded over the breech, grooved tang, border-engraved stepped bevelled lock retaining traces of a maker's signature, figured walnut full stock, moulded over the fore-end, carved with scrolls about the rear ramrod-pipe and the tang, the butt decorated with further scrolls and with carved raised cheek-piece on the left, cast, chased and engraved brass mounts comprising side-plate pierced with foliage inhabited by hounds, trigger-guard decorated with a female demi-figure on the bow and with acanthus terminal, butt-plate en suite with the trigger-guard, vacant escutcheon, four moulded ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, and later ramrod
118cm; 46 1/2in barrel
£1000-1200
494.    AN 18 BORE BAVARIAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN BY JOSEPH KUCHENREITER A RATISBONNE, CIRCA 1750
with blued two-stage barrel cut with eight grooves for ball, fitted with silver 'spider' fore-sight, stamped with gold-lined barrelsmith's mark (Neue Støckel 658) and a series of decorative marks at the breech, border-engraved tang numbered '2', signed bevelled border-engraved lock, figured walnut half-stock carved with scrollwork about the tang, raised cheek-piece, brass mounts including side-plate and butt-plate with tang of shaped outline, carved wooden trigger-guard, and horn fore-end cap (ramrod missing)
91cm; 35 7/8in barrel

Provenance
A member of the Wittelsbach family, sold in these rooms 8th December 2010, lot 290.

Joseph Kuchenreuter, a member of the well known Bavarian gunmaking family, is recorded in Regensburg (Ratisbonne), circa 1712-69.£800-1000
495.    A FINE 54 BORE ALSATIAN PERCUSSION TARGET RIFLE BY J. G. ZELLER, ARNHEM, CIRCA 1852-70
with three-stage barrel, formed with a series of recessed elongated panels divided by slender ribs over the forward section and octagonal over the breech, the latter signed in gold letters, fitted with German silver fore-sight, blued adjustable back-sight, engraved with tightly scrolling foliage over the breech, chiselled with foliage inhabited by a reclining hound on the tang and fitted with fully adjustable peep-sight, chiselled flush-fitting lock decorated with a resting stag and a wild boar, chiselled hammer, figured walnut full stock carved with chequering and neo-rococo scrolls over the fore-end and the grip, the latter including a wildman mask (cracked through and expertly repaired), the left of the butt with raised cheek-piece inlaid with silver wire scrolls along the base, the rear carved in high relief with a felled stag, and a hound seeing off a wolf, the right of the butt carved with further scrolls inhabited by a crossbowman and a putto in renaissance dress, engraved and chiselled steel mounts comprising small side-plate decorated with a coiled monster, butt-plate formed with a pair of elongated prongs, the tang engraved with the French crowned Royal Arms and the inscription 'J.G. Zeller, Geoctrooljeerd Joor Arms Z. M. Den Keijzer Det Franzchen', trigger-guard chiselled with a hound and three ramrod-pipes, German silver barrel bolt escutcheons, and a pair of sling swivels, and brass-tipped wooden ramrod
80.5cm; 31 3/4in barrel

This maker is recorded circa 1840-70. £2500-3000
496.    A 16 BORE D.B. FRENCH PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN BY MAULE A MONTPELLIER, CIRCA 1840
with etched twist sighted barrels inscribed 'Damas Turc' in gold within a gilt linear frame on the rib at the breech and stamped with St Etienne proof marks beneath, engraved slender tang, engraved back-action locks signed in gold within linear frames, fitted with strongly curved hammers chiselled as monsters, light walnut half-stock carved with a simple moulding behind the trigger-guard, engraved steel mounts including butt-plate with a trap for ball (the steel parts worn)
78.5cm; 31in barrels

J. B. Maule is recorded in Montpellier circa 1845.£180-250
497.    A 28 BORE GERMAN MIQUELET-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, CIRCA 1750
with heavy octagonal sighted barrel rifled with nine grooves, engraved about the fore-sight and the back-sight, signed 'M.D. in U', bevelled lock stamped with a maker's mark, figured walnut full stock, carved with scrolls and flowers (chips and small cracks), the butt with raised cheek-piece on the left and patchbox with associated sliding cover on the right, brass mounts including pierced side-plate of shaped outline and trigger-guard
63.8cm; 25 1/8in barrel
£700-900
498.    A .450 U.S. PERCUSSION TARGET RIFLE BY H.V. PERRY, JAMESTOWN, N.Y., SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
with signed heavy octagonal sighted barrel rifled with eight grooves, the muzzle recessed for loading, plain tang, plain back-action lock, figured hardwood half-stock, angular butt with patchbox fitted with flush-fitting brass cover on the right, brass mounts including vestigial side-plate, trigger-guard and butt-plate, and a pair of German silver ramrod-pipes (worn, ramrod missing)
76.8cm; 30 1/4in barrel

H. V. Perry is recorded in Jamestown circa 1858-91.
£400-600
499.    A CASED PAIR OF 60 BORE FRENCH PERCUSSION RIFLED TRAVELLING PISTOLS BY DEVISME À PARIS, NO. 1235, DATED 1854
with signed blued octagonal rifled sighted barrels inlaid with a silver band at each end, stamped with the date, the serial numbers and the maker's name beneath the breeches, scroll-engraved tangs fitted with standing back-sights, highly figured walnut half-stock, angular finely chequered grips, scroll-engraved steel mounts comprising numbered trigger-guards and oval butt-caps, and retaining some original finish throughout: in original fitted mahogany case, the exterior with vacant escutcheon, the interior lined in purple velvet (small areas of damage and fading), complete with its original accessories comprising combined nipple-wrench and bullet mould with sprue-cutter, powder-flask, and ramrod
15cm; 6in
£2000-3000
500.    A 40 BORE BELGIAN COLLETTE PATENT GRAVITY-FEED BREECH-LOADING TARGET PISTOL BY V. COLLETTE, NO. VC230, CIRCA 1860
with octagonal rifled barrel, fitted with sighted magazine cover above, rising breech block, thumb-piece safety-catch, signed 'V. Collette Brevete' on the tang, rounded action also forming the fore-end, engraved with scrolls and neo-rococo ornament on each side and bouquets of fruit and flowers beneath, spurred trigger-guard decorated en suite, finely chequered walnut butt fitted with engraved steel cap with lanyard, and retaining traces of original finish
33cm; 13in

Victor Collette of Liège patented his magazine repeating system in 1855. See C. Blair 1983, p. 257.
£700-900
501.    A 120 BORE FRENCH DUMONTHIER PATENT COMBINED D.B. PERCUSSION PISTOL AND DAGGER, CIRCA 1850
with tapering barrels fitted with a fullered blade between, a pair of moulded hammers with knurled tops also forming the left-hand side of the cross-guard, fitted with a pair of spirally-fluted horn grip-scales (small cracks), German silver pommel, in its German silver mounted leather-covered wooden scabbard
27.4cm; 10 3/4in

See H-W. Lewerken 1989, pp. 232-3 nos. 57 and 58.
£1000-1200
502.    A 120 BORE CONTINENTAL DUMONTHIER PATENT COMBINED D.B. PERCUSSION PISTOL, CIRCA 1860
with tapering barrels fitted with a robust blade formed with a clipped-back point between, a pair of moulded hammers with knurled tops also forming the left-hand side of the cross-guard, and engraved German silver butt decorated with a running pattern of scrolling foliage on each side
34.2cm; 13 1/2in£500-700
503.    A 16 BORE LIEGOIS PERCUSSION OVER-AND-UNDER OFFICER'S PISTOL, LIÈGE PROOF, CIRCA 1840
with rifled twist sighted barrels, the upper inscribed 'Damas Anglais' in gold, scroll-engraved tang and back-action locks, carved fluted walnut butt, engraved spurred steel trigger-guard (worn throughout, ramrod, ramrod-pipes and butt-cap missing)
35.2cm; 13 7/8in£200-250
504.    A LIÈGOIS FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS PISTOL, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with two-stage part octagonal barrel strongly swelling at the muzzle, stamped with Liège proof mark at the breech, and fitted with spring bayonet locked by the trigger-guard beneath, box-lock action engraved with scrolling foliage on each side (cock comb chipped), fitted with sliding thumb-piece safety-catch also locking the steel, flat-sided walnut butt cut with a panel of fine chequering on each side (rubbed, loose) the spine set with silver nails, and engraved steel trigger-guard
25.5cm; 10in£350-450
505.    A 28 BORE CONTINENTAL FLINTLOCK WENDER PISTOL, CIRCA 1700
with three-stage russet barrels (shortened, the muzzles distorted), scroll-engraved tang, engraved rounded lock, burrwood full stock moulded over the fore-end (cracked and chipped), steel mounts (side-plate missing), including spurred pommel and trigger-guard incorporating a front lever to release the barrels and a pair of ramrod-pipes (the steel parts patinated, worn throughout)
42cm; 16 1/2in

£600-800
506.    AN 80 BORE CONTINENTAL D.B. PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOL AND AN AIR PISTOL FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL, 19TH AND 20TH CENTURY
the first of rudimentary construction and the second incomplete
20cm; 7 7/8in
(2)

£50-80
507.    AN IMPORTANT 20 BORE FRENCH ROYAL FLINTLOCK LONG HOLSTER PISTOL MADE FOR CHARLES XI, KING OF SWEDEN (1655-97), BY PIRAUBE AUX GALLERIES DU LOUVRE A PARIS, DATED 1676
with blued barrel formed in four stages, the forward section signed 'Piraube aux Galeries du Louvre a Paris 1676' in gold damascene on a long flat decorated with further damascened scrollwork, fitted with silver fore-sight, damascened with a classical trophy-of-arms at the muzzle, and a pair of monsterheads attacked by serpents hanging in scrolls of foliage ahead of the median, the latter formed with an engraved shaped panel flanked by a pair of damascened captives seated upon further trophies, the breech of octagonal then polygonal form, decorated in gold damascene with foliage, pellets and the full crowned Royal Swedish Arms (the bluing faded and with losses), the underside of the breech stamped with the barrelsmith's mark, the letter 'M' in a rondel, engraved tang decorated with monsterhead scrolls of foliage and border ornament, rounded lock chiselled with scrolls of foliage issuant from a classical vase and signed 'Piraube' twice on the tail, engraved with border ornament, delicate scrolling tendrils inhabited by an archer and inscribed 'aux Galleries a Paris' beneath the pan, the brim of the pan chiselled with a grotesque, fitted with chiselled cock decorated with leafy tendrils, a serpent head, a green man mask on the comb and retained by a further mask-shaped screw (the top-jaw and screw replaced), steel chiselled with a symmetrical arrangement of leafy tendrils issuant from a green man mask, figured walnut full stock (an early working replacement of circa 1730-40), impressed with the letter 'K' next to the trigger-guard, carved with a raised moulding over the fore-end, a spray of foliage ahead of the trigger-guard and further scrolls and shell ornament about the tang, steel mounts comprising side-plate pierced and chiselled with a central moustachioed mask dividing an arrangement of scrolling monsterhead tendrils inhabited by a pair of differing herms, spurred pommel engraved with a pattern of rondels and foliage around the border, chiselled on each side with a symmetrical design of scrolling monsterhead tendrils issuant from a green man mask against a recessed gilt ground, the front and the back chiselled with further masks and engraved with monsterhead scrolls, fitted with a small finely chiselled grotesque mask cap supported by a pair of gold damascened Classical figures seated upon Classical trophies and surmounted by a Classical bust portrait, engraved trigger-plate, trigger-guard with an early inventory number 'P No 1' chiselled with a further mask on the bow, the forward baluster issuant from a gaping mask and the finial chiselled with scrolling tendrils on a recessed gilt ground, a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes, the rear decorated with a gold damascened angel, pierced and engraved escutcheon damascened with the crowned Royal Swedish Arms, and steel-tipped ramrod, perhaps the original, and remaining in fine condition throughout (the damascene with small losses, areas of light wear)
53.3cm; 21in

Provenance
Charles XI, King of Sweden
An American Private Collection

Literature
John F. Hayward, Bertrand Piraube, in Livrustkammaren 15, no.5 (1980), pp.129-132, figs 12-14.

The pair to this pistol is preserved in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (inv. no. 1990.114.2).

These pistols are Bertrand Piraube's earliest dated work. The late John Hayward identified three levels of quality by this maker of which the present pistol belongs to the highest. Piraube has been described as the most important figure in the decorative development of French firearms in the latter part of the 17th and early 18th centuries. On 25th January 1670 Louis XIV granted him a brevet de logement in the Galleries du Louvre. This appointment, which was confirmed in March the following year, established Piraube as primus inter pares amongst the gunmakers working for Louis XIV. In Germain Brice's Description de la Ville de Paris, published in various editions between 1698 and 1718, he was described as a gunmaker who produced pieces of rare beauty. His period of tenure in the Galleries to Louvre (1670-1720) was the longest of any gunmaker. Working within the precincts of the Royal Palace freed Piraube from the restrictions of the Parisian Guilds and consequently he was able to employ as many apprentices and journeymen as his commissions required. It comes as no surprise that a significant number of the great European Ancestral Gunrooms have firearms by him. The present pistol and its pair illustrate a number of aspects of the designs of Louis XIV's chief designer, Jean Bérain. For a further discussion of this maker and his work see John F. Hayward (op.cit.), and Thomas Del Mar Ltd, 9th December 2009, lot 266.

Charles XI (1655-97) succeeded to the throne at the age of 4 in 1660. He excelled in the chase and was a fine horseman, as recorded in both his and other members of the Royal Family's diaries. The present made to him by the French Ambassador at his coming of age in 1672 comprised twelve magnificently caparisoned Spanish thoroughbreds, complete with an equal number of pistols and guns, of which Piraube made one pair of pistols and one fowling piece. The present pistol, and its pair, must have been ordered within two years of this gift, allowing for the time lag in construction. A smaller pair of pistols, with silver barrels and mounts, decorated in almost an identical manner to the present pistol, are preserved in the Royal Armoury, Stockholm, (inv.no.4072, 4073). Given their size they were probably intended for a lady, and the materials used would suggest that they were made more for display than use.

The letter 'M' within a rondel beneath the breech is stamped on a number of French firearms of this period, including another pair of pistols and a gun by this maker, a pair of pistols by Masson, and a gun by Varnier all preserved in the Livrustkammeren, Stockholm (inv. nos. LRK 4334, 4335, 3626, 3627, 10036 respectively).

See J. F. Hayward 1963, pp.32-47; the same author 1980, pp. 118-157; N. Drejholt1996, pp. 136-139 and S. J. Pyhrr 1991, p. 24.
£30000-40000
508.    A 28 BORE FRENCH FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL BY JEAN LIEBEAU A SEDAN, CIRCA 1680
with two-stage sighted barrel stamped with the barrelsmith's mark in a horseshoe-shaped recess over the breech and with traces of a signature, plain tang, rounded lock engraved and chiselled with scrolls on the tail, signed in full on either side of a further scroll beneath the pan, chiselled cock (the upper portion missing), pierced with a delicate scroll behind the comb, rootwood full stock (the fore-end cracked and chipped), carved with a scrolling leafy tendril about the rear ramrod-pipe, inlaid with silver wire scrolls over the fore-end about the trigger-guard and on the butt, the tang enclosed by a steel plaque pierced and engraved with a symmetrical arrangement of scrolling tendrils involving exotic birds, reclining figures and a green man mask, finely decorated steel mounts, comprising side-plate pierced and chiselled with birds and hounds inhabiting leafy tendrils issuant from a moustachioed head, spurred pommel pierced and engraved with a band of foliage and masks, trigger-guard with a cherubic mask on the bow, delicate pierced mouldings at each end and pierced leafy terminal, a pair of ramrod-pipes, and wooden ramrod
50.5cm; 19 7/8in

Jean Liebeau is recorded in Sedan, Ardennes, circa 1670.

During the third quarter of the 17th Century Sedan was an important seat of gunmaking. This declined following the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 though it is still mentioned as a centre for gunmaking as late as 1735 in a German Encyclopaedia. See J. F. Hayward 1963, p.42. The influence of Parisian gunmakers and contemporary pattern books is evident in this pistol.£7000-10000
509.    A PAIR OF 22 BORE FRENCH SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY LABORDE A PARIS, CIRCA 1760
with blued swamped barrels fitted with silver fore-sights on a bed of gold scrollwork, signed in gold on a long flat and decorated with a gilt panel and scrolls of foliage over the breeches (the bluing oxidised to brown, the gold with losses), engraved tangs, signed stepped bevelled locks engraved with scrollwork on the tails, figured walnut full stocks carved with scrolling foliage ahead of the trigger-guards and a panel of flowers and foliage about the barrel tangs (the fore-ends with chips and repairs), the butts inlaid with silver wire scrolls, full marked silver mounts cast and chased in low relief, comprising pierced side-plates with serpentine terminals, spurred pommels decorated with further designs en rocaille and fitted with classical portrait profiles enclosed by laurel wreaths on the caps, trigger-guards with foliate terminals, vacant escutcheons, a pair of ramrod-pipes, and original bone-tipped baleen ramrods with iron worm and slotted terminal respectively
39cm; 15 3/8in
(2)£2500-3500
510.    A PAIR OF 28 BORE D.B. FRENCH FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY MIGEON A CHARLEVILLE, CIRCA 1780
each with tapering sighted barrels, engraved grooved tang, signed stepped engraved locks decorated with rococo ornament on the tails, figured walnut half-stock inlaid with silver scrolls and lightly carved with foliage over the fore-end and about the tang (rubbed, small losses), engraved steel mounts including broad trigger-guard, and spurred pommel fitted with silver cap chased with a classical bust, vacant silver escutcheon, and wooden ramrod
40.5cm; 16in
(2)

Migeon is recorded in Charleville, Ardennes circa 1772-80 where he was controller of the arms factory.


£2500-3500
511.    A PAIR OF 120 BORE LIEGOIS SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK TURN-OFF PISTOLS BY H. DEVILLERS A LIÈGE, CIRCA 1730
with moulded cannon barrels engraved with a band of foliage at the breech, engraved tangs, engraved rounded actions signed beneath the cocks (one top-jaw and screw replaced), engraved silver bulbous butts decorated with rococo scrolls and foliage, a grotesque mask behind the tangs, and an anthemion on the pommel, and engraved silver-plated steel trigger-guards
(2)
14.8cm; 5 7/8in

Henri Devillers is recorded as a gunmaker and dealer in Liège circa 1734-62.
£3000-5000
512.    A 40 BORE FRENCH SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK PISTOL BY JACQUES CROIZIER, CIRCA 1740
with engraved tapering barrel decorated with scrolls, a sun-in-splendour and flowers, signed rounded lock fitted with dog safety-catch, figured walnut full stock carved with raised mouldings, carved butt formed as a falcon's head, full silver mounts cast and chased in low relief, comprising solid side-plate decorated with maritime scenes, trigger-guard decorated with a robed figure on the bow, perhaps David, vacant escutcheon, and moulded ramrod-pipe, and wooden ramrod, perhaps the original
16.5cm; 6 1/2in
£600-800
513.    A 28 BORE D.B. LIÈGOIS FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOL BY LAMBERT A LIÈGE, CIRCA 1780
with tapering barrels formed with a sighting rib (shortened), engraved grooved tang, signed rounded foliate and border-engraved stepped locks (one cock repaired), fitted with bolt safety-catches and semi-rainproof pans, figured walnut full stock carved with rococo scroll and shell ornament about the tang, butt of bird's head form, engraved steel mounts (the steel parts chemically cleaned throughout), horn fore-end cap (chipped) and horn tipped ramrod
28.5cm; 11 1/4in
£500-700
514.    A 20 BORE SPANISH MIQUELET-LOCK PISTOL, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with two-stage barrel, stamped with the brass-lined barrelsmith's mark and a series of brass-lined decorative marks over the breech, lock of characteristic form with engraved and chiselled pan-fence and cock, moulded walnut full stock (repairs) inlaid with engraved brass panels, engraved brass mounts including spurred pommel fitted with naive grotesque mask butt-cap, plain steel side-plate enclosed by a large engraved brass panel, and vacant brass escutcheon (later ramrod)
32cm; 12 5/8in£450-600
515.    AN 80 BORE ITALIAN SNAPHAUNCE BELT PISTOL, THE LOCK DATED 1715
with tapering three-stage barrel, engraved at the median and chiselled with a series of elongated triangular panels, engraved lock decorated with scrolls of foliage, chiselled with a mask on the tail, signed 'G.S.' and dated on the inside (mainspring replaced), fitted with engraved moulded battery and chiselled sliding pan-cover, carved hardwood full stock (a working replacement), fitted with a pierced engraved plate about the trigger and the barrel tang, the latter incorporating a green man mask issuant with scrolls of foliage, engraved moulded steel mounts including spurred pommel fitted with grotesque mask cap, (belt-hook missing), and later ramrod
30.5cm; 12in£300-400
516.    A 32 BORE CENTRAL ITALIAN FLINTLOCK PISTOL, CIRCA 1740
with tapering barrel formed with two flats and a slender rib, chiselled with scrolls, a portrait medallion and with traces of a maker's signature at the breech, engraved tang, rounded lock stamped with a mark on the inside, chiselled with a grotesque on the tail and engraved with a cityscape beneath the pan, chiselled cock and steel, the latter decorated with a green man mask (side nails replaced), figured walnut full stock (cracked through in three paces), steel mounts including side-plate pierced and chiselled with scrolling monsterhead tendrils, trigger-guard en suite with the breech, and spurred pommel decorated with further scrolls and a portrait bust, and original steel-tipped wooden ramrod
38.7cm; 15 1/4in
£1200-1800
517.    A 32 BORE BRESCIAN SNAPHAUNCE BELT PISTOL BY PICINO FRUSCA, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel formed with a long flat, chiselled with foliage and lightly engraved over the breech (rubbed, a small portion of the muzzle shortened), signed rounded lock chiselled with a pair of entwined scrolls on the tail, stamped on the inside with the maker's mark, a pair of fronds divided by the letters 'PF' crowned, fitted with chiselled cock (the screw replaced), dog and sliding pan-cover, figured walnut full stock (fore-end repaired), moulded over the fore-end and about the tang, steel mounts including side-plate pierced and chiselled with scrolling foliage, belt hook, spurred pommel, vacant escutcheon supported by a pair of pierced addorsed herms, and trigger-guard with an acanthus finial at each end (the steel parts cleaned), and later horn-tipped ramrod
45cm; 17 3/4in

Picino Frusca is recorded 'azzaliniere' in Brescia circa 1680-1750. See A. Gaini 1978, p.250£1200-1800
518.    A 22 BORE ITALIAN WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, MID-17TH CENTURY
with two-stage tapering barrel octagonal at the breech, flat lock fitted with external wheel retained by a moulded bracket, sliding pan-cover and moulded dog, figured walnut full stock (repairs), carved with simple mouldings at the fore-end, and about the ramrod aperture, steel mounts comprising a pair of foliate washers for the side nails, trigger-guard with moulded baluster finial, the butt inset with a foliate plaque and bound by a moulded steel band, and later wooden ramrod
56cm; 22in£2000-3000
519.    A 24 BORE NORTH EUROPEAN WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, MID-17TH CENTURY
with octagonal barrel, strongly bevelled lock retained by two screws, fitted with external etched wheel retained by a bracket shaped as a merman, sliding pan-cover, and dog of shaped outline, figured hardwood full stock (worm damage, moulded over the fore-end (repairs, a small portion replaced), inlaid with a bone crescent and two pellets of differing size on each side of the butt, steel trigger-guard and butt cap, and steel fore-end cap
52.4cm; 20 5/8in

£1500-2500
520.    A FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS BY HARVEY WALKLATE MORTIMER, CIRCA 1780
with three-stage brass barrel belled towards the muzzle, signed over the breech and engraved with three stars and a band at the respective ends, fitted with top-mounted blued-steel spring bayonet secured by a catch on the tang, the latter engraved with flowers and scrolls, signed stepped bevelled lock fitted with bolt safety-catch, figured walnut three-quarter stock (fore-end repaired), carved with a raised moulding about the tang, engraved brass mounts comprising solid side-plate and butt-plate each decorated with scrolls, border ornament and a trophy-of-arms, trigger-guard with moulded bow decorated with further trophies and with acorn finial, vacant escutcheon, a pair of brass ramrod-pipes, and horn-tipped ramrod, perhaps the original
75.5cm; 29 3/4in

Harvey Walklate Mortimer (1753-1819) received his appointment to King George III in 1783.£1200-1500
521.    A FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS BY WILLIAMS, LONDON PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1790
with brass barrel formed in three stages, engraved with a band of beadwork at the breech, iron tang fitted with thumb-piece catch for a top-mounted spring bayonet (the bayonet now detached), signed stepped lock with roller, figured walnut full stock cut with patterned chequering over the grip, inset with a large engraved German silver rondel behind the tang, engraved brass mounts including butt-plate and trigger-guard, the latter with a flower on the bow and acorn finial, and brass-tipped ramrod
76cm; 30in
£1200-1500
522.    A FLINTLOCK MUSKETOON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1820
with brass barrel strongly belled at the muzzle, iron tang, regulation lock stamped with 'Tower' and 'GR' crowned, figured walnut full stock pierced for a swivel mount ahead of the lock, brass mounts of regulation type including trigger-guard with flattened bulbous terminal, and iron ramrod
63.5cm; 25in barrel
£1200-1800
523.    A FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS, MID-18TH CENTURY
with steel barrel swelling towards the muzzle, associated rounded lock signed 'Gill', figured walnut full stock (fore-end cracked), pierced for a stirrup mount, brass mounts of regulation type, including flush-fitting side-plate, trigger-guard with moulded finial, and butt-plate with 'A' crowned and '1705' and steel ramrod (the steel parts pitted)
96.5cm; 38in
£600-800
524.    A RARE .700 CALIBRE PERCUSSION SPORTING DOUBLE RIFLE BY THOMAS BOSS, 73 ST JAMES'S STREET, LONDON, NO. 1119 FOR 1851
with tapering twist barrels cut with multi-groove rifling, fitted with blade fore-sight on a matted ground, folding leaf back-sight to 150 yards, signed in full towards the breech, stamped with the barrelsmith's initials of Thomas Parkin beneath, engraved case-hardened breech with pierced platinum plugs, scroll-engraved tang incorporating a flash-guard on each side, signed scroll and border-engraved case-hardened bolted locks, highly figured walnut half-stock with chequered fore-end and grip, the butt with raised cheek-piece on the left and fitted with patchbox with engraved case-hardened steel cover decorated with a stag on the right, engraved steel mounts including blued numbered steel trigger-guard, blued butt-plate decorated with a stag and cut with chequering, silver escutcheon engraved with the owner's initials 'RA' beneath a coronet of a Baron, a pair of steel sling swivels, and original brass-tipped ramrod
78.8cm; 31in barrels

This is one of only 31 double rifles produced by Thomas Boss. See D. Dallas 1995, p.316.
£4500-6000
525.    A 14 BORE FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN BY JOHN MANTON, NO. 2905, CIRCA 1804
with rebrowned three-stage sighted barrels, signed in gold, stamped with the serial number and London proof marks beneath, the breech inlaid with a gold line, stamped 'Manton Patent' in a gold-lined recess and with gold-lined vent, engraved tang, signed stepped lock with rainproof pan and roller (the steel refaced), figured walnut half-stock (repairs) with chequered grip and raised cheek-piece, engraved steel mounts including trigger-guard with pineapple finial and butt-plate, and steel-tipped ramrod
87.5cm; 34 1/2in barrel
£1800-2000
526.    A FINE CASED 12-BORE SCOTTISH D.B. PIN-FIRE SHOTGUN BY JOHN DICKSON & SON, 63 PRINCES STREET, EDINBURGH, LONDON BLACK POWDER PROOF MARKS, NO. 2313 FOR 1862
with browned barrels of fine damascus twist pattern each engraved at the rear with a band of foliage and a sunburst, signed rib numbered '1' and engraved with scrollwork at the rear, finely engraved case-hardened tang, action, underlever, trigger-guard, and signed locks all decorated with scrollwork, scroll-engraved numbered blued trigger-plate, highly figured varnished walnut butt, chequered grip and bar-in-wood fore-end (the latter bruised), blued-iron butt-plate numbered '1' and engraved on the tang with black game and scrollwork, silver escutcheon engraved with the owner's crest and motto, and nearly all of its original finish: in lined and fitted two-tier leather case with numerous accessories, mainly by Hawksley, the lower tier with provision for cartridges, the lid with stamped and gilt inscription 'Lieut. Colonel Trotter/ No.1'.
76.2cm; 30in barrels

Provenance
W.Keith Neal, sold Christie's King Street, 25th October 2001, lot 22

Literature
Richard Akehurst, Game Guns and Rifles, p. 53 plates 33-35

Completed 3rd December 1862 for John Fletcher of Saltoun.

The crest and motto is that of Trotter. £5000-7000
527.    A 12 BORE PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN BY PARKER-FIELD, LONDON, CIRCA 1840; A 10 BORE PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1840; A 16 BORE PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN BY HENRY NOCK, CIRCA 1800; A 12 BORE PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN; AND AN 18 BORE PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN
the first with rebrowned signed three-stage sighted barrel, engraved tang, scroll-engraved lock (worn), figured walnut half-stock, chequered grip, and steel mounts (cleaned); the second with two-stage sighted barrel, slender tang, engraved back-action lock, figured walnut half-stock, engraved steel mounts and white metal fore-end cap (the steel parts pitted); the third with gold-lined maker's mark on the breech and the lock (heavily pitted); and the third and fourth with back-action locks, half-stocks, chequered grips, and white metal fore-end caps (worn)
the first: 77cm; 30 3/8in barrel
(5)£500-700
528.    A CASED 12 BORE D.B. PERCUSSION SHOTGUN SIGNED W. MOFFET, MID-19TH CENTURY
with sighted barrels signed on the rib (pitted), border-engraved tang of shaped outline, border-engraved back-action locks, engraved steel mounts including butt-cap and trigger-guard: in an associated lined and fitted mahogany case (worn)
76cm; 30in barrels£400-450
529.    AN 11 BORE D.B. PIN-FIRE SHOTGUN BY W. GREENER, CIRCA 1860; AN 11 BORE D.B. PIN-FIRE SHOTGUN, CIRCA 1860; AN 18 BORE D.B. PERCUSSION SHOTGUN SIGNED MANTON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1830; AND AN 18 BORE D.B. PERCUSSION SHOTGUN SIGNED JOVER, CIRCA 1820
the first, with sighted barrels, scroll-engraved rotary underlever action, scroll-engraved signed back-action locks, figured walnut half stock, chequered grip and steel mounts; the second with sighted barrels, engraved rounded under-lever action, engraved locks (signature obscured), and figured walnut half-stock (worn); the third with rebrowned sighted barrels, signed stepped engraved locks (hammers missing), walnut half-stock, and steel mounts (worn throughout, the rib lifting on the fourth)
the first: 76cm; 30in barrels
(4)£550-750
530.    A RARE 8 BORE WILKINSON & SON PATENT UNDERHAMMER PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN, CIRCA 1840
with signed octagonal sighted barrel (worn), engraved tang, under hammer action (repaired) engaged directly by the forward portion of the trigger, figured walnut half-stock inset with a slender mother-of-pearl plaque, engraved steel trigger-guard (butt-plate replaced), and associated steel ramrod
77.8cm; 30 5/8in barrel

Henry Wilkinson patented this 'improvement in firearms' under no. 8119 in 1839. See S. V. Grancsay and M. Lindsay (ed.) 1969 pp.1-5.
£400-500
531.    A RARE 6 BORE PERCUSSION HARPOON GUN FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY
with very heavy blackened sighted barrel formed in two-stages, rounded side-hammer action covered by a plate on the left, integral 'skeleton' butt with a loop for retaining cord on the underside, steel trigger-guard, a pair of ramrod-pipes, and brass ramrod (pitted, painted black throughout)
50.8cm; 20in barrel£500-600
532.    A 10 BORE COMPOSITE FLINTLOCK WILDFOWLING GUN, THE LOCK SIGNED TWIGG, CIRCA 1820
with two-stage sighted barrel, engraved grooved tang, signed stepped lock (defective), figured walnut half-stock, chequered grip, steel mounts, horn fore-end cap and wooden ramrod (worn, the steel parts refinished)
153cm; 60 1/4in barrel£400-600
533.    A RARE 10 BORE D.B. CARBINE BY JOHN BLISSET 322 HIGH HOLBORN LONDON, NO. A3389, CIRCA 1857-66
with tapering twist sighted barrels signed on the rib, fitted with spring bayonet beneath the muzzle, locked by a catch ahead of the trigger-guard, engraved breech inlaid with a gold line, pierced platinum plugs, engraved tang, signed scroll-engraved locks (the hammers repaired), figured walnut half-stock cut with chequering over the grip, engraved steel mounts including numbered trigger-guard and butt-plate (the steel parts with light pitting), vacant silver escutcheon and original steel ramrod
49.3cm; 19 1/2in barrels
£2000-2500
534.    A RARE 40 BORE CASED AIR RIFLE COMPLETE WITH AN ADDITIONAL 32 BORE BARREL FOR SHOT BY SAMUEL HENRY STAUDENMAYER, NO. 1084, CIRCA 1800
with browned twist octagonal sighted rifle barrel cut with seven grooves, case-hardened breech signed in a gold-lined recess, inlaid with a platinum line and numbered beneath, the shot barrel formed in three sections with matching breech also numbered beneath, each fitted with figured walnut fore-end with engraved silver caps and silver barrel bolt escutcheons, signed numbered action, finely engraved with border ornament throughout, a rococo garland on top, a sunburst on the right and a trophy-of-arms with the personification of wind on the left, fitted with engraved cocking lever on the right, indicator and safety-catch on the left, border-engraved trigger-guard decorated with a trophy-of-arms, two rayskin-covered signed steel butt reservoirs each with internally threaded collar, and brass tipped wooden ramrods, almost certainly the original: in original fitted mahogany case lined in green baize, the lid with trade label for 32 Cockspur Street on the inside, and with brass carrying handle (the exterior with scratches and bruising, the interior with areas of wear), and complete with numbered accessories including bullet mould, pump, and wrenches, and with two spare blued springs
73cm; 28 3/4in rifle barrel, 71cm; 28in shot barrel

Samuel Henry Staudenmayer, former workman of John Manton, was gunmaker to the Prince of Wales and the Duke of York. He is the maker of a Girandoni-system air rifle in the Royal Collection at Windsor (inv. no. L 409). Two air weapons by this maker are recorded in the Hanoverian Royal Gunroom, one of which was sold Sotheby's, Hanover, October 2005, lot 868. £5000-7000
535.    A 1 ½ INCH BORE MUZZLE-LOADING PERCUSSION PUNT GUN, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
the barrel with a pair of trunnions, side-lock action converted from flintlock, Elmwood stock, complete with loading rod and original punting pole
244cm; 8ft barrel
£750-1000
536.    A 1 ½ INCH BORE MUZZLE-LOADING PERCUSSION PUNT GUN, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
with rudimentary barrel fitted with a pair of trunnions, back-action lock and wooden stock, painted silver throughout, complete with two punt poles for manoeuvring
244cm; 8ft barrel
£750-1000
537.    A .400 CALIBRE NEEDLE-FIRE ROOK RIFLE, MID-19TH CENTURY
with octagonal twist sighted rifled barrel, fitted with folding leaf back-sight, case-hardened action fitted with rotary screw-in breech lever on the right, figured walnut half-stock, chequered fore-end and grip, steel trigger-guard and butt-plate, and horn fore-end cap
64.8cm; 25 1/2in barrel£350-400
538.    A .22 CALIBRE BSA AIR RIFLE, NO. S15650; AND THREE FURTHER AIR RIFLES
(losses)
(4)£250-350
539.    AN UNUSUAL 28 BORE CASED PERCUSSION PISTOL BY ROBERTSON, HADDINGTON, WITH AN ADDITIONAL 25 BORE RIFLED BARREL AND SHOULDER STOCK, BIRMINGHAM VIEW MARK, CIRCA 1840
with heavy octagonal browned twist sighted barrel inscribed 'Haddington', scroll-engraved case-hardened breech, engraved case-hardened tang incorporating back-sight and flash-guard, signed scroll-engraved case-hardened bolted lock, figured walnut half-stock, chequered butt, engraved blued spurred trigger-guard, vacant silver escutcheon, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, scroll-engraved slotted aperture for the shoulder stock, horn fore-end cap, original brass-tipped ramrod, and retaining much finish throughout: in a lined and fitted mahogany case, complete with its figured walnut shoulder-stock, with engraved blued-steel butt-cap, and rifle barrel, in the white, and rifled with nine grooves
40.5cm; 16in

J. Robertson is recorded in Haddington, East Lothian Co., Scotland circa 1840-50. He is recorded exhibiting at the 1851 Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace. His son John, was proprietor of Boss & Co. See D. Dallas 2005.£4000-5000
540.    A RARE CASED SET OF FOUR PERCUSSION PISTOLS, COMPRISING A PAIR OF 28 BORE D.B. IRISH PERCUSSION TRAVELLING PISTOLS BY TRULOCK & SON, 9 DAWSON STREET, DUBLIN AND A PAIR OF 28 BORE PERCUSSION TRAVELLING PISTOLS BY THOMAS K. BAKER, LONDON, NO. 283, MID-19TH CENTURY
the first pair each with etched twist sighted barrels inscribed with the maker's address on the rib, engraved case-hardened breeches, engraved case-hardened tang, signed engraved flush-fitting bolted locks decorated with border ornament and scrolls, engraved hammers decorated en suite, highly figured walnut half-stock, slender butt cut with a panel of chequering on each side, engraved blued-steel trigger-guard with pineapple finial, engraved blued butt-cap, blued stirrup ramrod, vacant silver escutcheon, and silver barrel bolt escutcheons, and retaining some original finish throughout; the second pair each with sighted barrels engraved with a band of foliage at the muzzles, fitted with a screw-in plug at the breeches, scroll-engraved side-hammer bolted action signed on the top (one safety-catch and three nipples expertly replaced), finely chequered numbered walnut butts, engraved steel trigger-guard and butt-cap, the latter fitted with a circular trap, vacant silver escutcheon, and with traces of finish throughout: in contemporary mahogany case with brass carrying handle (key escutcheon detached), the first pair contained in the top layer and the second within a drawer operated by a dummy vertically-sliding shank lock, and complete with some accessories including blued bullet mould, turnscrew, Sykes nickel flask, nipple wrench and brass cap tin
the first: 23.5cm; 9 1/4in and the second 20.5cm; 8in

Provenance:
Christie's King Street, 18th May 1994, lot 190£6000-8000
541.    A PERCUSSION KNIFE-PISTOL BY UNWIN & RODGERS, SHEFFIELD, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1860
with tapering octagonal German silver sighted barrel, the frame faced in polished cow horn retained by German silver rivets over brass fillets, folding steel trigger and with two folding blades of differing size, engraved 'Unwin & Rodgers' and 'V R Unwin & Rodgers, Sheffield' at the respective bases, the butt with folding German silver cap, retaining its original steel tweezers and no provision for a bullet mould
16cm; 6 1/4in£350-500
542.    A PERCUSSION KNIFE-PISTOL BY UNWIN & RODGERS, SHEFFIELD, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1860
with tapering octagonal German silver sighted barrel, the frame faced in polished cow horn retained by steel rivets over brass fillets, folding steel trigger and with two folding blades of differing size, engraved 'Unwin & Rodgers, Sheffield' and 'Non XLL Unwin Rodgers Patent' at the respective bases, the butt with folding German silver cap, retaining its original steel tweezers and German silver bullet-mould
16.5cm; 6 1/2in£400-600
543.    A 54 BORE PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOL SIGNED MOORE, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1830
with turn-off barrel fitted with spring bayonet released by the trigger-guard beneath, box-lock action engraved with foliage, signed 'Moore' and 'London' on the respective faces, finely chequered walnut butt with vacant German silver escutcheon, and engraved trigger-guard
17.5cm; 6 7/8in
£200-250
544.    A 15 BORE D.B. PERCUSSION TRAVELLING PISTOL SIGNED SMITH, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1840
with browned twist sighted barrels inscribed 'London' on the rib, engraved case-hardened breeches inlaid with a platinum line and with pierced platinum plugs, engraved tang, signed engraved bolted back-action locks decorated with scrolls of foliage, figured walnut half-stock (small chips and bruises), chequered butt, engraved steel mounts including trigger-guard with shaped stylised pineapple finial (areas of patination), stirrup ramrod, vacant silver escutcheon, and silver barrel bolt escutcheons
35cm; 13 3/4in £400-600
545.    A CASED PAIR OF 40 BORE FRENCH SILVER-MOUNTED RIFLED PERCUSSION TARGET PISTOLS BY AUGUSTE PLOMDEUR, PARIS, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
with two-stage sighted rifled barrels retaining traces of blued finish, decorated over their surfaces with silver strapwork and stylised foliage and inscribed 'AUGTE PLOMDEUR A PARIS', the breeches decorated with silver pellets and numbered '1' and '2' respectively, engraved tangs decorated with flowers and foliage, flat cocks of shaped outline chiselled with flowers and foliage, the hammers formed and decorated en suite, ebonised full stocks carved with scrollwork in low relief over the fore-ends, moulded about the tangs and over the butts, pressed silver mounts decorated with scrollwork, leafy tendrils and flowers, comprising solid side-plates, spurred pommels with baluster finials, and trigger-guards with broad leaf-shaped terminals, the spine of the butts set with three silver foliate studs, the fore-ends each set on the underside with a green paste in a raised white metal setting, and no provision for ramrods: in a contemporary case, lined in red velvet and complete with some accessories including bullet mould
48cm; 18 7/8in
£6000-8000
546.    AN 18 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL BY LEWIS BARBAR, CIRCA 1740
with three-stage swamped sighted barrel moulded at the breech, engraved tang, signed rounded border-engraved lock, figured walnut full stock (minor chips), moulded over the fore-end and carved with a stylised leaf ahead of the trigger-guard and about the tang, pierced and chased silver rococo sideplate of scrolling leafy tendrils, engraved steel trigger-guard with moulded finial, engraved spurred steel pommel fitted with silver grotesque mask cap, vacant silver escutcheon, and a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes (the steel parts lightly patinated), and steel-tipped ramrod
40.5cm; 16in

Lewis Barbar, a Protestant, came to England from France circa 1688. He naturalised in 1700, was elected to the London Gunmaker's Company in 1704, and became Master in 1708. He was appointed Gentleman armourer to King George I and George III and died in 1741. See W. K. Neal and D. H. L. Back 1984, pp.288-302.£1500-2000
547.    AN 18 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOL BY WILSON, PROBABLY WILLIAM (1), MINORIES, LONDON, CIRCA 1760-70
with swamped brass barrel, inscribed 'Minories, London' in a linear panel drawn-out to a loop over the breech, engraved steel tang, signed rounded lock engraved with sprays of foliage and border ornament, figured walnut full stock (small chips and repairs), carved with a scalloped moulding about the barrel tang, full brass mounts comprising pierced rococo side-plate incorporating an expanded flowerhead, trigger-guard decorated with a flower on the bow and with early acorn finial, spurred pommel fitted with grotesque mask cap, vacant escutcheon, and a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes, and brass-tipped wooden ramrod (seized), probably the original
35.2cm; 13 7/8in

William (1) Wilson was made free of the Gunmakers' Company in 1754 and took livery in 1778. He became partner with his father Richard (1) in 1756 and continued to use his mark after his death in 1766. £1000-1200
548.    A PAIR OF 22 BORE HIGHLAND FLINTLOCK DRESS BELT PISTOLS FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL BY MACLEOD, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
with swamped multi-stage barrels faceted at the muzzle section, etched over the greater part of their surface with thistle flowers and foliage, a trophy-of-arms and the motto 'Nemo Me Impune Lacessit', moulded breeches incorporating the back-sights, signed engraved locks, fitted with rollers and rainproof pans, three-quarter stocks, etched and blued with further designs of thistle foliage enriched with silver, including the figure of St Andrew beneath the locks (bluing worn), inlaid on each side of the butt with a silver escutcheon, one vacant, one with the owner's crest and initials 'JW' beneath the motto 'Ne Cede' and the other pistol with a further crest beneath the motto 'Fit Fiave' on each side, slender belt hooks, globular steel triggers inlaid with a silver cross on the bottom, thistle-shaped prickers inlaid in silver en suite, one retaining its ramrod (the other ramrod and ramrod-pipe missing)
32.3cm; 12 3/4in
(2)£2000-3000
549.    A 22 BORE FLINTLOCK BELT PISTOL FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL BY THOMAS CADDELL, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with four-stage barrel engraved with arrangements of scrolling foliage, flared faceted muzzle engraved with alternating decorative panels, fluted breech incorporating the back-sight, engraved bevelled lock signed 'Thos Caddell', the cock incorporating a pierced engraved flowerhead disc behind the comb, three-quarter stock engraved with panels of scrolling foliage and border ornament, scrolling ramshorn butt inlaid with an oval silver escutcheon engraved with a thistle on each side, engraved brass button trigger, pricker (head missing), engraved belt hook with pierced finial (one screw missing), and iron ramrod (ramrod-pipe part detached, ramrod slightly bent)
28.5cm; 11 1/4in£1800-2500
550.    A 13 BORE ENGLISH DOG-LOCK PISTOL OF MILITARY TYPE, LATE 17TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel formed in three stages, flat lock fitted with ring-neck cock, dog-safety-catch and rectangular pan, figured walnut full stock, carved with a raised moulding about the tang (repairs, the butt chipped), and steel mounts including butt-cap with short rounded spurs and trigger-guard (the steel parts with light pitting)
47.5cm; 18 3/4in £2500-3500
551.    A 14 BORE PERCUSSION OVER-AND-UNDER HOWDAH PISTOL BY STAUDENMAYER, LONDON, NO. 1245, CIRCA 1810
converted from flintlock, with tapering sighted barrels, signed on the upper flat and inlaid with a platinum line, engraved breech tang fitted with standing back-sight, signed border and foliate engraved bolted locks, figured walnut half-stock with chequered hook-shaped butt, engraved steel mounts including trigger-guard decorated with a trophy-of-arms, blued vestigial butt-cap decorated with foliage and ramrod-pipe with a retaining spring, and vacant silver escutcheon (swivel ramrod missing)
36.5cm; 14 3/8in £2000-2500
552.    A PAIR OF 20 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOLS OF LIVERY TYPE BY WILLIAM (2) BRANDER, LONDON, TOWER PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1770
with swamped two-stage sighted barrels, engraved with foliage and inscribed 'London' over the breeches, engraved grooved tangs, signed border and scroll-engraved locks, figured walnut full stocks carved with raised apron mouldings about the tangs, engraved brass mounts including pierced foliate side-plates, trigger-guards, pommels engraved with large expanded flowerheads, vacant escutcheons and brass-tipped wooden ramrods (one tip missing)
35.5cm; 14in
(2)

William 2 Brander is recorded at 70 Minories 1765-87. He was contractor to the East India Company in 1773.£1500-2500
553.    A 54 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOL BY TURVEY, LONDON, CIRCA 1750, A 56 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOL, CIRCA 1820; AND A 56 BORE PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOL, MID-19TH CENTURY
the first with cannon barrel struck beneath with London view and proof marks and barrelsmith's mark of Joseph Bunney, scroll-engraved signed box-lock action (seized), and flat-sided walnut butt; the second with box-lock action retaining traces of engraving including an oval inscribed 'London', and flat-sided walnut butt; and the third with foliate engraved box-lock action (worn throughout)
The first: 18.2cm; 7 1/4in
(3)
£300-400
554.    A 16 BORE FLINTLOCK OFFICER'S PISTOL BY PROSSER, CHARING CROSS, EARLY 19TH CENTURY, WITH INSCRIPTION TO CORNET WILLIAM BECKWITH, 16TH LIGHT DRAGOONS
with tapering sighted russet barrel, signed stepped bolted lock (the upper portion of the cock missing), figured walnut full stock, with slender butt carved with a bold pattern of pineapple chequering, engraved steel trigger-guard, steel stirrup ramrod, applied with a brass plaque in the right of the stock inscribed 'Cornet Wm Beckwith 16th Lt Dragoons, Waterloo 1815' and a further plaque opposite the lock
38.5cm; 15 1/4in

The plaque opposite the lock reads:

'William Beckwith 16th Light Dragoons Jany. 7th 1813 to Nov.r 20th 1817 14th Light Dragoons Nov.r 20th 1817 to Feby.23rd 1871'

William Beckwith was born in 1795, the eldest son of William Beckwith of Trimdon, Co. Durham. He was purchased a cornetcy in 16th Light Dragoons in 1813 and served with his regiment in the last years of the Peninsular War, seeing action at the battles of Nivelle and Nive, 1813. He was next in action at the battle of Waterloo, 1815, and in December that year was promoted lieutenant, without purchase, in 16th Light Dragoons. On the post-Waterloo reduction of his regiment, Beckwith went onto Half Pay but exchanged from that status to become a lieutenant in 14th Light Dragoons in 1817, purchasing his promotion to captain in 1822 and to major in 1828. In 1821 he married the heiress Priscilla Maria Hopper of Silksworth House, Co. Durham, but there was no issue of the marriage. In 1831 Beckwith distinguished himself when in command of a squadron of 14th Light Dragoons in Aid Of The Civil Power during the suppression of the 'Reform' riots in Bristol; he was created a Knight of the Royal Hannoverian Guelphic Order (KH) in consequence of this service. Beckwith retired onto the Unattached Half Pay Infantry list with the rank of lieutenant-colonel in 1833 and, through a combination of longevity and seniority, progressed to the ranks of colonel (1846), major general (1854), lieutenant-general (1861) and general (1869). He was appointed colonel of 14th (King's) Hussars in 1860 and died in 1871.
£1000-1500
555.    A 20 BORE FLINTLOCK TURN-OFF PISTOL BY ISRAEL (2) SEGALAS, LONDON, CIRCA 1730
with three-stage cannon barrel, signed engraved action stamped with London view and proof and the barrelsmith's mark beneath, pierced with a threaded aperture into the breech chamber, the latter sealed by a screw-in plug extending from the forward portion of the trigger-guard (later), rotating pan operated by an engraved moulded lever on the right (cock replaced), figured walnut butt carved with a leafy moulding about the tang, silver-mounts comprising pierced rococo side-plate, vacant escutcheon and grotesque mask butt-cap, and engraved steel trigger-guard (areas of pitting)
33cm; 13in

Israel Segalas, Jr., was apprenticed to Lewis Barber in 1729, Free of the Gunmakers' Company in 1745 and died in 1774.£1000-1200
556.    A 14 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOL BY DAVID WYNN, CIRCA 1720-28
with three-stage cannon barrel engraved with a band of foliage over the breech, stamped with the barrelsmith's, London view and proof marks beneath, engraved separate tang, signed rounded border engraved action (signature feint), swelling figured walnut butt carved with a leafy moulding about the tang, inlaid with silver wire scrolls and pellets, silver mounts cast in low relief, comprising dragonesque side-plate, grotesque mask butt-cap and escutcheon engraved with the owner's crest (worn, perhaps a goat's head erased), with separate iron trigger-guard also forming the rear ramrod-pipe (the steel parts with light pitting, cleaned), and steel ramrod
33.5cm; 13 1/4in

David Wynne was made Free of the Gunmakers' Company by redemption in 1715.£1000-1500
557.    A 20 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK PISTOL BY BARBER, NEWARK, CIRCA 1775-80, SILVER MAKER'S MARK JA
with three-stage turn-off cannon barrel numbered '1' beneath, engraved breech numbered en suite, signed beneath the pan, stamped with London view and proof marks and Foreigner's mark, inscribed 'Newark' on top, engraved cock, figured walnut butt carved with a raised moulding about the tang and behind the lock, silver mounts cast and chased in low relief comprising trophy-of-arms side-plate, vacant escutcheon, grotesque mask butt-cap, and engraved steel trigger-guard
35.5cm; 14in

Isaac Barber is recorded in the market place in Newark, Nottinghamshire circa 1773-1823.£1200-1800
558.    A 20 BORE FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL BY JOSEPH BUCKMASTER, LONDON, CIRCA 1740
of regulation or livery type, with tapering barrel stamped with the barrelsmith's mark of Joseph Buckmaster at the breech, rounded lock stamped 'Buckmaster', walnut full stock carved with an apron about the tang (the fore-end cracked, light worm damage), brass mounts comprising pommel, trigger-guard and baluster ramrod pipe, and wooden ramrod
47.5cm; 18 3/4in

Joseph Buckmaster was gunmaker to the Hudson's Bay Company circa 1745-64 and to the Ordnance 1756-60. He was fined for receiving guns with the King's mark in 1761. See H. L. Blackmore 1986, p. 63.£1000-1400
559.    A 40 BORE FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOL, BIRMINGHAM PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1760
with turn-off cannon barrel, engraved breech, engraved rounded lock decorated with scrolls and border ornament, figured walnut half-stock (repairs), brass mounts including pierced scrolling foliate side-plate, spurred pommel with grotesque mask cap, trigger-guard, and vacant escutcheon, and with no provision for a ramrod
28.8cm; 11 3/8in£400-600
560.    A 54 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOL BY BARBER, NEWARK, CIRCA 1780
with turn-off cannon barrel (muzzle pitted), engraved rounded action decorated with trophies-of-arms on the right and signed on the left, figured walnut butt inlaid with silver wire scrolls and a trophy-of-arms over the spine, engraved steel sliding trigger-guard safety-catch (pitted), and silver butt-plate cast and chased with a rampant lion and a city wall motif
19cm; 7 1/2in
£350-450
561.    A 22 BORE FLINTLOCK DUELLING PISTOL BY TATHAM AND EGG, CIRCA 1810
with rebrowned octagonal sighted barrel, stamped with the gold-lined barrelsmith's mark at the breech, engraved tang fitted with standing back-sight, signed engraved stepped bolted lock, fitted with 'French' cock, semi-rainproof pan and roller (restorations), set trigger, figured walnut full stock (fore-end repaired), chequered saw-handled butt with provision for a shoulder stock, engraved steel mounts including trigger-guard decorated with trophies on the bow (worn), the butt inset with a plaque inscribed 'Tatham & Egg improvement 112', and silver escutcheon engraved with the owner's crest and motto
37.5cm; 14 3/4in

The crest is that of Dillon, Kallet, Machin, Martin, Normand, or Pricket.£1200-1500
562.    A 16 BORE OFFICER'S PISTOL BY H. NOCK, CIRCA 1790
with two-stage sighted barrel, signed on a short flat and engraved with a linear panel drawn-out to a sunburst, engraved with a band of foliage and fitted with back-sight at the breech (light pitting), engraved breech tang, signed stepped bevelled lock fitted with semi-rainproof pan and roller, figured walnut full stock, flat-sided butt, engraved brass mounts comprising trigger-guard with pineapple finial, engraved 'B. Middleton' on the rear terminal, ramrod-pipe, brass fore-end cap, and steel swivel ramrod
36cm; 14 1/4in£900-1100
563.    AN 18 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL BY RICHARD (1) SINCKLER, LONDON SILVER HALLMARKS FOR 1717
with two-stage sighted barrel engraved with foliage and stamped with the barrelsmith's, London view and proof marks over the breech (worn), engraved tang, rounded lock signed within a rococo cartouche beneath the pan and decorated with a classical trophy-of-arms on the tail, moulded figured walnut full stock carved with a foliate moulding about the rear ramrod-pipe and the barrel tang, inlaid with silver wire scrolls enriched with pellets over the fore-end and the spine of the butt, full silver mounts comprising pierced scrolling foliate side-plate with dragonesque finial, spurred pommel fitted with finely chased grotesque mask cap, engraved moulded trigger-guard with pierced leafy terminal, vacant escutcheon, a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes, and silver-tipped baleen ramrod
44.5cm; 17 1/2in

Richard (1) Sinckler was made Free of the Gunmakers' Company by redemption in 1713. He was Gunmaker to the Ordnance 1714-28 and the Royal African Company in 1721.£2000-2500
564.    A 22 BORE FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL BY THOMAS HAWLEY, CIRCA 1690-1700
with two-stage barrel, engraved with bold scrolls of foliage and stamped with the barrelsmith's, London view and proof marks at the breech, plain tang retained by a screw passing vertically through the stock, signed rounded lock engraved en suite with the breech, rootwood full stock carved with raised mouldings about the rear ramrod-pipe and the tang (light worm damage), steel mounts comprising pierced and chiselled side-plate formed as a serpent, spurred pommel engraved with scrolls, trigger-guard with finial of shaped outline, engraved shaped escutcheon, and a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes (later ramrod)
43.8cm; 17 1/4in

Thomas (1) Hawley, journeyman gunmaker, was allowed to set up shop by the Gunmakers' Company and produced a proof piece in 1681. He was elected assistant in 1697 and became Master in 1701. He is recorded Gunmaker to the Ordnance 1682-1707. £1500-2000
565.    A PAIR OF 25 BORE FLINTLOCK DUELLING PISTOLS BY HENRY NOCK, LONDON, CIRCA 1780
each with reblued swamped octagonal sighted barrels inlaid with a gold line at the muzzle with later signature on a gold scroll at the breech, gold-lined vent, engraved tang, signed detented stepped bevelled lock with roller, set trigger, figured walnut full stock, flat-sided butt (one stock repaired), engraved steel mounts including trigger-guard with acorn finial, horn-tipped ramrod with worm, probably the original, and in polished condition throughout
36cm; 14 1/4in
(2)

Provenance:
The Estate of the late Garth A. Wilson, sold Christie's, King Street, 16th December 2002, lot 130.£2000-3000
566.    A CASED PAIR OF 28 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED PERCUSSION DUELLING PISTOLS BY ROBERT WOGDON, LONDON SILVER HALLMARKS FOR 1779, MAKER'S MARK IK
converted from flintlock, with octagonal swamped barrels fitted with silver fore-sights and signed in gold capitals, engraved with a band of beadwork at the breeches and fitted with percussion bolsters with platinum plugs, engraved tangs with standing back-sights, bevelled locks signed in gold ovals beneath a rococo canopy, engraved with trophies on the tails, fitted with engraved hammers and blued bolt safety-catches (the steel parts with patches of rust throughout), figured walnut full stocks, characteristic flat sided butts (areas of bruising), full silver mounts finely cast and chased with rococo ornament, comprising side-plates pierced with a scrollwork design incorporating a sword, trigger-guards engraved with a central bouquet on the bows and with acorn finials, pommel caps chased with the seated figure of Brittania in a scrollwork frame, a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes, escutcheon engraved with the owner's crest above the initials 'WR', engraved silver barrel bolt escutcheons, and one retaining an early horn-tipped ramrod (the other replaced): in a mahogany case of circa 1775-85, lined in green baize (areas of wear), the lid with brass carrying handle, with a leather powder-flask and turnscrew
37cm; 14 1/2in

The crest is probably that of Radcliffe.
£6500-7500