Arms, Armour & Militaria Sale on
Wednesday 6th December 2017
On view:
3 December 2017 12:00 to 16:00
4 December 2017 10:00 to 19:00
5 December 2017 10:00 to 17:00
Lots: 151-200 of 384
Buyer's Premium at our standard rate(s) plus VAT is payable on all purchases.
Additional fees could also be applicable to certain lots. For further information see the full lot details page by clicking the thumbnail image of the relevant lot.
Lot 151
A FRENCH ANXI LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD
with curved blade double-edged towards the tip, formed with a long fuller, etched and gilt with trophies, garlands and foliage on a blued panel at the forte and signed 'S & K' for Schitzler and Kirschbaum of Solingen, brass triple-bar hilt with down-curved globular quillon, a pair of elliptical langets, and original leather-covered wooden grip with plaited brass wire binding (worn)
84.5 cm; 33 1/4 in blade


Estimate:  £600 - 800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 152
A FRENCH DRAGOON SWORD, CIRCA 1800
with straight blade double-edged towards the point and formed with a long broad fuller on each face, brass hilt with large palmette guard joined to the knuckle-guard by four scrolling bars, solid scalloped inner-guard, globular quillon, cap pommel, numbered '331' beneath and the inside of the guard engraved '737', and the grip with an early leather covering (binding missing)
92.3 cm; 36 3/8 in blade

Estimate:  £900 - 1100 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 153
A FRENCH MODEL MODEL AN XI CAVALRY SWORD, DATED 1855
of regulation type, with fullered blade double-edged at the point, the back-edge dated and with Châtellerault aresenal inscription, regulation brass hilt, leather-bound grip (wire binding missing), in its iron scabbard
96.0 cm; 37 3/4 in blade

Estimate:  £300 - 400 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 154
‡ A SPANISH DRESS EPEE BY, TRADITION PRESENTED TO GENERAL JOHN H. EATON AS ENVOY EXTRAORDINARY AND MINISTER PLENIPOTENTIARY TO SPAIN (1836-1840) BY MARIA CHRISTINA OF SPAIN AS REGENT FOR HER DAUGHTER, THE FUTURE ISABELLA II, THE BLADE DATED 1837
with tapering double-edged blade of flattened-hexagonal section, stamped 'Ano D 1837' and 'Fa Ntl Di Toledo' on the respective faces at the forte, gilt-brass hilt cast with classical ornament in low relief, including oval shell-guard decorated with the Iberian eagle flanked by classical figures, quillon-block with the letter 'F' for Ferdinand' enclosed in a laurel wreath, a pair of straight quillons, knuckle-guard and pommel, and integral grip all decorated en suite, in its blued iron scabbard (now oxidised to brown) with gilt-brass suspensions mounts and drag
76.8 cm; 30 1/4 in blade

Provenance
By tradition presented to General John H. Eaton when Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Spain (1836-1840) by Maria Christina of Spain (when Regent for her daughter, the future Isabella II); thence to his friend and physician Dr William B. Magruder; thence to his brother Colonel James A. Magruder, a personal friend of General Grant, who wore the sword on full dress occasions including the funeral of President Lincoln, thence by descent to

Mrs. Millicent Magruder Nichols, Massachusetts who gifted the sword to Dumbarton House in 1967.

John Henry Eaton (1790-1856), was born in Halifax near the town of Scotland Neck, North Carolina. He attended University North Carolina 1802-1804, where he studied law and was admitted to the bar commencing practice in Franklin. In 1808 or 1809 he moved to Franklin, in Williamson County, Tennessee, to take up residence on lands owned by his father. Here he met his future wife, Myra Lewis, who with her sister were the wards of General Andrew Jackson. Eaton's marriage thus brought him further wealth and also an opening into a political career. In 1818 Eaton was appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of George W. Campbell; at the end of the term he was elected as a Democrat. Eaton served in the Senate from 1818-1829, when he resigned to become secretary of war in President Jackson's cabinet remaining there until June 1831. In 1834 Jackson appointed him governor of the Territory of Florida, and in 1836 envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to Madrid. The latter appointment he held until 1840.


Estimate:  £600 - 800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 155
A GERMAN OFFICER'S DEGEN, MID-18TH CENTURY
with tapering double-edged blade inscribed with the spurious date and the running wolf of Solingen on each face, gilt-brass hilt with boatshell-guard, a pair of quillons, knuckle-guard, pommel, and solid grip all decorated with writhen designs and rococo ornament
80.0 cm; 31 1/2 in blade


Estimate:  £200 - 250 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 156
A GERMAN ARTILLERY OFFICER'S SWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY
of regulation type, with polished blade, regulation brass hilt cast with crossed cannon on the langets, in its scabbard with two suspension rings
79.0 cm; 31 1/8 in blade


Estimate:  £100 - 150 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 157
A CENTRAL EUROPEAN MACE, 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY HUNGARIAN
with pear-shaped head of sixteen wedge-shaped flanges, moulded terminal, long tapering socket, and later haft pierced for a thong
58.5 cm; 23 in overall

For another example in the Hungarian National Museum, see Kovács 2016, p. 97 no. 33. This group, and its spread across Central and South Eastern Europe, is discussed by Popov 2015, pp. 82-85.
Estimate:  £1500 - 2500 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 158
‡ AN ITALIAN BEC-DE-CORBIN FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL IN THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with three-pronged claw-shaped head, leaf-shaped terminal spike, rear spike, writhen haft fitted with a belt hook, and the grip incorporating a disc top and bottom
70.0 cm; 27 5/8 in overall
Estimate:  £1800 - 2200 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 159
A LUCERNE HAMMER, IN SWISS 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with long tapering terminal spike, head of four flaring spikes with stout down-turned rear spike, a pair of long straps (head rusted), on a wooden haft
47.0 cm; 18 1/2 in head

Estimate:  £200 - 300 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 160
A LOCAHABER AXE IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY, A HALBERD AND A BILL 19TH CENTURY
the first with flat head extending to a tapering terminal blade, curved forward edge with characteristic bill hook at the top (head pitted), on a wooden haft; the second with slender terminal spike, small axe-blade and down-curved spike, on a wooden haft, and the third with engraved back-edge incorporating an additional rear spike, tapering socket, and wooden haft
the first: 52.2 cm; 20 1/2 in head
(3)
Estimate:  £250 - 350 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 161
A RARE GERMAN ETCHED DOUBLE HALBERD FOR THE GUARD OF JOHANN SIGISMUND, MARGRAF OF BRANDENBURG, DATED 1609
with long tapering terminal blade of flattened-diamond section, asymmetrical double axe-head of 'bat-wing' form, pierced with heart-shaped apertures and circles, etched on each face with a warrior profile, a mounted figure holding a falcon, the crowned coat-of arms enclosed by an inscription on the terminal blade, a warriors heads beneath, and scrolling leafy tendrils on the head, one face struck with a mark, on a wooden haft
66.0 cm; 26 in head

The inscription reads 'VON GOTTES GNADEN JOHANS SIGISMUNDT MARGGRAF ZU BRANDENBURG UND CHURFURST IN PREUSSEN HERZOG ZU GULICH CLEVE BERG STETIN POMMERN DER CASSUBEN UND WENDEN HERTZOGK 1609. Another halberd from this group, struck with the same mark, is preserved in the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin. See Müller and Kölling 1990, no. 258

Johann Sigismund Elector of Brandenburg ((1572-1620, Elector from 1608) united his domain with that of Prussia through his marriage in 1594 to Anna, daughter of Albert Frederick of Prussia. He became duke of Prussia in 1618 and through his mother-in-law acquired rights over the Rhenish territories of Jülich, Cleves, and Berg following the Treaty of Xanten in 1614.

Estimate:  £3500 - 4500 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 162
A RARE GERMAN ETCHED HALBERD FOR THE GUARD OF THE ABBEY OF WERDEN AND HELMSTÄDT IN THE DIOCESE OF COLOGNE, DATED 1592
with tapering terminal spike swelling towards the base, of hollow-diamond section and formed with a pair of basal lugs, recurved axe-blade pierced with a rosette formation of holes, formed with a central spike, down-curved rear fluke pierced en suite and with an additional lug top and bottom, etched over the greater part of its surface with strapwork frames and scrolling leafy tendrils on a stippled ground, with the arms of the Abbey, issuant figures playing trumpets, the figure of Justice a further angelic figure and the pious inscription 'Tale a Te' and 'o male a me', and the rear fluke dated on each face, tapering conical socket, a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft
59.0 cm; 23 ¾ in head

Estimate:  £2500 - 3500 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 163
A RARE GERMAN PARTISAN, FOR THE GUARD OF THE PRINCE ARCHBISHOP OF WURZBURG, 17TH CENTURY, PERHAPS JULIUS ECHTER OF MESPELBRUNN
with broad terminal blade of flattened-diamond section formed with a pair of broad basal lugs and moulded beneath, tapering faceted socket, and etched on each face with a ground of scrolling foliage on a stippled ground, the basal lugs decorated with trophies-of-arms, one face with an issuant monster above the figure of St John holding a chalice, and the other with the Bishop's arms, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft
62.5 cm; 24 5/8 in head

Julius Echter von Mespelbrunn (1545-1617) was a major figure in the German Counter-Reformation. He became Prince-Bishop of Wurzburg in 1573 at the age of 28, and was an energetic ruler, building churches, reforming the administration of justice, founding a university and establishing primary schools. He banned Lutheran preachers and promoted the ministry of the Jesuits in his province.
Estimate:  £2500 - 3000 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 164
AN AUSTRIAN ETCHED PARTISAN FOR THE GUARD OF EMPEROR CHARLES VI, DATED 1732
with broad central blade of flattened-diamond section formed with two basal lugs, etched 'CAROLUS' above the crowned Imperial double eagle, a trophy-of arms enclosing the inscription 'CONSTANTIA ET FORTITUDINE' on one face and with the inscription 'WO LIEB UND TRUE IN EINEN LAND BENIMBIDE FEIND DIE OBER HAND', and a trophy-of-arms with a central panel filled by fortress on the other, moulded tapering socket, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft
33.5 cm; 13 ¼ in head



Estimate:  £1500 - 2500 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 165
AN AUSTRIAN ETCHED PARTISAN FOR A SENIOR OFFICER OF THE IMPERIAL ARMY, DATED 1701
with broad central blade formed with a pair of basal lugs, etched on one face with the crowned Imperial double eagle above a trophy-of-arms, and on the other with a further trophy and a crested coat-of-arms, moulded socket etched with a further trophy-of-arms and with the inscription 'Maximilliamis de Fanz a Rittersburg Rom Kaiser Obrist Lieutenant und Guard Hauptman', on a wooden haft
37.0 cm; 14 1/2 in head

Provenance
Mark Dineley


Estimate:  £1200 - 1800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 166
AN ENGLISH PARTISAN FOR THE GUARD OF QUEEN ELIZABETH II (1956, 1952-)
with tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section, the base of broad crescentic form incorporating two pairs of very short lugs, threaded base, moulded brass socket, large pierced brass collar, the head etched and gilt with the Royal arms above the Royal cypher 'EiiR' on a blued panel on each face, on its original wooden haft with brass shoe, and green tassel, and in good condition throughout
54.0 cm; 21 1/4 in head

Estimate:  £400 - 600 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 167
A PARTISAN, LATE 19TH CENTURY
with tapering terminal blade of flattened diamond-section, the base of broad crescentic form incorporating two pairs of short straight ribbon-like lugs, plain tapering socket (head rusted), on a wooden haft
65.8 cm; 25 7/8 in head

Estimate:  £300 - 400 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 168
A GERMAN HALBERD, MID-16TH CENTURY
with long terminal spike of diamond-section, forward-leaning axe-blade, triangular rear pean pierced with a vertical arrangement of four holes, and a pair of shortened straps (areas of pitting, small cracks and laminations), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
53.0 cm; 20 7/8 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz
Estimate:  £600 - 800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 169
A GERMAN HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with long terminal spike of diamond-section, curved axe-blade pierced with a group of five holes and two further holes, pierced rear pean, and a pair of long straps (areas of pitting), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
90.0 cm; 35 1/2 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz
Estimate:  £600 - 800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 170
A NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY
with long terminal spike of diamond-section, curved axe-blade pierced with a group of three holes in the centre, rear pean pierced with a vertical arrangement of three holes and struck with mark, in a rondel the letters 'HL' and a pellet, and a pair of long straps (areas of pitting), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
70.0 cm; 27 1/2 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz
Estimate:  £600 - 800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 171
A HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY, GERMAN OR STYRIAN
with long terminal spike of diamond-section, curved axe-blade pierced with a group of five holes in the centre and two further groups of three holes each decorated with a crescent, pierced rear pean, and a pair of long straps (areas of pitting), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
62.5 cm; 24 5/8 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz
Estimate:  £600 - 800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 172
A GERMAN HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY,
with long terminal spike of diamond-section, angular axe-blade (top re-shaped) pierced with a group of seven holes in the centre and two further groups of three holes, pierced rear pean, and a pair of long straps (areas of pitting), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
77.5 cm; 30 1/2 in blade

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz
Estimate:  £600 - 800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 173
A NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY/EARLY 18TH CENTURY
with leaf-shaped terminal blade formed with a medial ridge, curved axe-blade, rear pean with an additional up-turned lug, tapering socket, a pair of straps (areas of pitting), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
39.5 cm; 15 1/2 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz
Estimate:  £600 - 800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 174
A NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY
with leaf-shaped terminal blade formed with a medial ridge, curved axe-blade, rear pean with an additional up-turned lug, tapering faceted socket, a pair of straps (areas of pitting, axe-blade repaired), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
41.0 cm; 16 1/8 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz
Estimate:  £600 - 800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 175
A NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY
with leaf-shaped terminal blade formed with a medial ridge, curved axe-blade pierced with three groups of holes, pierced rear pean with an additional up-turned lug, tapering faceted socket, a pair of straps (areas of pitting), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
43.2 cm; 17 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz
Estimate:  £600 - 800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 176
A NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY
with leaf-shaped terminal blade formed with a medial ridge, curved axe-blade formed with an additional lug top and bottom, down-curved rear pean struck with a mark on one face, tapering faceted socket, and a pair of straps (areas of pitting, small repairs), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
43.5 cm; 17 1/8 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz
Estimate:  £600 - 800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 177
A NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY
with leaf-shaped terminal blade formed with a medial ridge, curved axe-blade (small chips top and bottom), rear pean with an additional up-turned lug, tapering faceted socket, a pair of straps (areas of pitting), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
39.2 cm; 15 1/2 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz

Estimate:  £600 - 800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 178
A GERMAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with central spike of diamond section, forward leaning slightly curved axe-blade pierced with a slipped trefoil and cut with cusps on the rear edges, rear spike stamped with a mark on one side and pierced and cusped en suite, and a pair of long straps, on a later wooden haft
49.5 cm; 19 in head
Estimate:  £400 - 600 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 179
STYRIAN HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with tapering terminal spike, small curved axe-blade pierced with three groups of holes (cracked), rear spike struck with a mark, a pair of long straps (head rusted), on a later wooden haft fitted with an additional pair of straps
45.5 cm; 18 in head
Estimate:  £250 - 350 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 180
A GERMAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with broad leaf-shaped blade formed with a medial ridge, the lower portion of the axe-blade formed with a small cusp (the remainder removed), plain rear fluke, faceted tapering socket, on a later wooden haft
41.0 cm; 16 in head
Estimate:  £250 - 300 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 181
AN ITALIAN CORSECA, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with long tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section recessed at the base to a trapezoidal panel, a single curved basal lug of tapering diamond section (the other lug missing), faceted socket, and a pair of short straps, on a later wooden haft
72.0 cm; 28 3/8 in head
Estimate:  £300 - 400 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 182
A RARE SPEAR, LATE 15TH CENTURY, PROBABLY GERMAN
formed of a long tapering spike of square-section, the base incorporating four stout spikes, conical socket with a pair of roped latten collars, and a single short strap (one strap missing, the base chipped), on a later wooden haft
97.5 cm; 38 3/8 in head
Estimate:  £500 - 800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 183
‡ A CONTINENTAL MILITARY PARTISAN, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with double-edged terminal blade formed with a reinforced tip, the base with a pair of broad lugs pierced on each side (one slightly bent), etched on each face with a crowned double eagle charged with a shield per bend sinister sable or, molded socket, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft (in two pieces)
37.5 cm; 14 3/4 in head
Estimate:  £150 - 200 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 184
‡ A COMPOSITE CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR, MAINLY ITALIAN, 16TH AND EARLY 17TH CENTURIES WITH ETCHED AND GILT DECORATION OF THE 19TH CENTURY IN THE EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE
comprising German close helmet of the second quarter of the 16th century, with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low medial comb (split at its rear), and associated visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to it by common pivots (replaced), the forward-projecting visor pierced beneath a pair of stepped vision-slits with several small ventilation-holes and slots, and a pair of large sub-rectangular apertures closed by later horizontal and vertical bars, the prow-shaped upper bevor pierced at each side with numerous ventilation-holes and slots, and fitted at the right of the chin with a sliding catch to engage a notch cut in the face-opening of the lower bevor, the latter fitted at the same side with a swivel-hook to engage a pierced stud (in both cases replaced) on the skull, the hollowed lower edges of the skull and lower bevor restored; collar of two lames front and rear (restored using old plates); breastplate formed of a main plate of early 'peascod' fashion, fitted at each of its arm-openings with a moveable gusset and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of one centrally-divided lame (restored), supporting on paired straps and buckles (replaced) long tassets each of nine lames (the first of the left associated and the fifth of the right patched at its centre) terminating in winged poleyns (the lowest two of the left associated and reworked); one-piece backplate with an outward-flanged lower edge; large symmetrical pauldrons, each of seven lames (the sixth of the left patch at its front end, the third of the right patched at its centre rear and the lowest four of the right associated), and connected by a turner (that of the left patched at its upper end, and that of the right restored), to fully articulated tubular vambraces with winged bracelet couters each of three lames; fingered gauntlets each with a flared and obtusely-pointed tubular cuff (the right lacking its outer lower corner), four metacarpal-plates (the second of the left patched at its outer end), a shaped knuckle-plate, and scaled finger- and thumb-defences; and tubular greaves (restored) each cut at its lower end with an arch to accommodate an integral round-toed sabaton of eight lames; the main edges of the armour formed with inward turns, mostly file-roped, and its surfaces etched with an overall pattern of imbricated architectural arches enclosing crowned eagles and lions on a stippled ground and retaining traces of gilding (some chipping, cracking and holing throughout; and the surface worn, patinated and tarnishing overall)

See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands.

Provenance
Nosely Hall, Leicestershire
Sold Sotheby's, 28 September 1998, lot 17

The decoration of the armour was probably inspired by that of an Italian armour made for Count Annabile Capodilista about 1620, which was purchased for the Tower of London Armouries in 1840 (now numbered II. 192), following its use by the 'Guard Attendant of the Queen of Beauty" in the Eglinton Tournament of the previous year. See Blair 1969, pp. 22-7, pls 5 & 6.
Estimate:  £8000 - 12000 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 185
A HIGHLY RARE AND IMPORTANT ENGLISH JACK OF PLATE, CIRCA 1580-90
formed of small overlapping square plates of iron with cropped corners, secured by lines of diagonal, vertical, or in some cases horizontal, stitches of crossbow twine through holes at their centres between the inner and outer layers of a fabric doublet of 'peascod' fashion with a frontal opening situated slightly to the left of centre and originally closed by laces passing through pairs of reinforced holes, an upstanding collar devoid, like the edges of the arm-openings, of plates, and a short skirt, the whole enclose between two outer layers of fine linen canvas covered with modern nylon netting and overlying felted woven wool on the outside and a coarser canvas on the inside of the garment, and decorated with white woollen tufts at the intersections of the stitches (the outer fabric partly discoloured, worn through at points and split at the shoulders and some other points; and the plates in some cases patinated to a green colour)
72.0 cm; 28⅜? in

Provenance
Sir William ffarindon, Worden Hall, Lancashire (sold by auction 1948)
A private English collection

Literature
Alexander de Cosson & William Burgess, 'Catalogue of the Exhibition of Ancient Helmets and Examples of Mail', Archaeological Journal, Vol. XXXVII, 1881, p. 591.
Ian Eaves, 'On the Remains of a Jack of Plate Excavated from Beeston Castle in Cheshire', Journal of the Arms and Armour Society, Vo. XIII, no. 2, September 1989, p. 137, n. 29)

The jack of plate - sometimes referred to in contemporary documents as a 'steel coat', a 'plate coat' or a 'coat of plate' - was a uniquely British defence first recognisably mentioned in English and Scottish records of the second quarter of the 16th century (Eaves 1989, pp. 85-6 & 144, n. 48), p. 145, n. 52). The inventory of the holdings of the Office of the Armouries taken on the death of Henry VIII in 1547 mentions 'a Northerne Jack covered with lynnen' and three 'Northern Jackes made of Canvas and plate' (Harold A. Dillon, 'Arms and Armour at Westminster, the Tower and Greenwich', Archaeologia, Vol. LI, 1888, pp. 52 & 57).

Although defences of this kind ceased to be manufactured towards the end of the 16th century (Eaves 1989, p.86 & 148, n. 60), their use persisted into the early years of the following century. In 1622 some forty examples were issued from the Armouries of the Tower of London for use in America by the Virginia Company (Eaves 1986, p. 86 & 148, n. 61).

William Harrison in his description of England first published in 1577, observed that 'Our armour …consisteth of corselets, almaine riverets, shirtes of mayle, Jacke quilted over wyth leather, fustian or canuas ouer thicke plates of yron that are sewed into the same, and of which there is no towne or village that hath not hir conuenient furniture (in Ralph Holinshead, The First Volume of the Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland, London, 1557, f. 86v).

Today, however, only sixteen more or less complete jacks of plate are preserved worldwide. Aside from the example offered here, eight (only five of which are complete) can be recorded in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, one in the British Museum, London, one in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, one in the Royal Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh, one in Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, one in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, one in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg, and one in the Schweizerisches Landesmuseum, Zurich (Eaves 1989, pp. 135-7, n. 22-6 & 2). Of these, only the last two along one of those in the Royal Armouries and that recently acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum (Thomas Del Mar Ltd, 7 Dec. 2016, lot 51), have their frontal openings offset to one side of centre as on the present lot.

The present lot together with the examples now in the Royal Armouries and the Victoria and Albert Museum formed part of a collection assembled at Worden Hall, Lancashire, by Sir William ffarington (c. 1704-81) sometime after 1765. They are unlikely to have formed part of the Hall's indigenous armoury which was sequestered by Parliament in 1643 (Susan Maria ffarington, The ffarington Papers, Chetham Society, 1856, p. 93), although it was said that one of the three did service, together with a helmet and other pieces, as part of a funeral achievement eventually removed from the ffarington Chapel in Leyland Church in 1816 (De Cosson & Burgess 1881, p. 591). The collection was in due course added to by Miss Susan ffarington in the 19th century. An 18th century inventory of it is preserved in New Zealand while three 19th century ones, dating from 1846 to circa 1870 are privately preserved in England, and refer to '3 Brigandine Jackets (for Bowmen. (Elizn'.

A drawing of what is almost certainly one of these jacks is preserved in a manuscript catalogue prepared by the late 18th century Manchester antiquary Thomas Barritt and now preserved in the Manchester City Library (Ancient Armour and Weapons in the Possession of Thos Barrit 1793). The catalogue shows objects both in his own collection and of others that he visited in the north of England. He describes the jack as 'A Bigantine jacket quilted within with square pieces of iron about an inch in diameter and sliding over each other like the scales of fishes, and covered over with strong linen'.

One of the Worden jacks (probably that now in the Royal Armouries Museum, inv. No. III.1884) was lent by Miss ffarington to the Exhibition of Ancient Helmets and Examples of Mail held in the rooms of the British Archaeological Association in 1881 (De Cosson & Burgess 1881, cat. no. 49, p.591)

The collection was sold by a local auctioneer in 1948. The purchaser of the three jacks subsequently lent them to Rufford Old Hall, Lancashire. One of them in due course passed to a private collection in the USA but was in 1982 acquired by the Royal Armouries, H.M. Tower of London, while that now in the Victoria and Albert Museum and that offered here had from some time before 1981 been sent for conservation to the North Western Museum and Art Gallery Service at Blackburn, Lancashire."

At some time before 1981 it was sent for conservation to the North Western Museum and Art Gallery Service at Blackburn, Lancashire, where it was enclosed within protective nylon netting.
Estimate:  £5000 - 7000 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 186
A CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR WITH ETCHED DECORATION IN THE ITALIAN STYLE OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY
comprising close helmet with two-piece skull joined along the crest of a low medial comb, and a peak, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to it by common pivots, the upper bevor cut at each side of its upper edge of with a broad trapezoidal notch serving as a vision-slit, and pieced at each side with seven circular ventilation-holes in rosette-formation, the upper and lower bevors each secured at their right sides by swivel-hooks and pierced studs, and a pair of gorget-plates front and rear; collar of two lames front and rear; one-piece breastplate of 'deep-bellied' form, flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of two lames cut at the centre of its lower edge with a shallow arch separating a pair of pendent tassets each of five lames worn over a skirt of butted mail; one-piece backplate with an outward-flanged lower edge; large symmetrical pauldrons, each of five lames (the left partly disarticulated), connected by turners to fully articulated tubular vambraces with winged bracelet couters each of five lames; fingered gauntlets with long pointed tubular cuffs; gutter-shaped cuisses terminating in winged poleyns each of three lames; tubular greaves each articulated once at their lower ends and fitted with integral sabatons with pointed toe-caps, each of seven lames; and a circular steel target rising at its centre to a quadrangular spike and fitted at its rear with a pair of leather enarmes; all parts etched on a blackened ground between plain bands and borders with scrolling foliage and flower-heads inhabited by mythical beasts; the armour mounted on a wooden stand with a rectangular base and accompanied by a sword with tapering two-edged blade, transversely-grooved kite-shaped pommel, straight quillons flaring to trefoil terminals and leather-covered wooden grip (tarnished and lightly patinated overall)

Bernadette and William M.B. Berger, Denver, Colorado
Estimate:  £3500 - 5000 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 187
A COMPOSITE GERMAN THREE-QUARTER FIELD ARMOUR, MID- TO LATE 16TH CENTURY, THE BREASTPLATE STRUCK WITH THE MARK OF PAUL MEITINGER OF INNSBRUCK
comprising burgonet formed of a one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb, projecting forward to a short obtusely-pointed peak struck at its front edge with the ownership mark of the Austrian Landesfürstliches Zeughaus, fitted at its rear with an obtusely-pointed one-piece neck-guard (right articulating rivet loose), and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (the distal end of each hinge replaced) flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard, pierced at its centre with seven small circular ventilation-holes arranged in rosette formation and fitted at its front edge with a buff leather loop (replaced) to receive a tie; 'almain' collar of three lames front and rear, the lowest front one struck with the same ownership mark as the burgonet, giving issue at either side to an integral spaudler of six downward-overlapping lames; breastplate of late 'peascod' form struck at the centre of its shallow neck-opening with the maker's initials P M (the first initial partly worn) of Paul Meitinger of Innsbruck and fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets, and at its outward-flanged lower edge with a fauld of two lames, the lowest cut with a shallow arch over the crotch and bearing a pair of detachable tassets (not a pair) each of seven lames, extending to just above the knees; one-piece backplate shaped to the shoulders and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a culet of one lame; vambraces (not a pair) each formed of a tubular upper and lower cannon (the inner plate of the right lower cannon corroded at its front edge) articulated to one another by a winged couter of three lames; the main edges of the armour decorated with roped inward turns, those of the vambraces accompanied by recessed borders on a ground originally black from the hammer (the armour showing some pitting and wear overall)

See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands.

The records show Paul Meitinger, the maker of the breastplate, to have been active in Innsbruck in the period 1544-80. In 1554-8 he was employed by the Imperial Zeughaus to make infantry armours. Further contracts were obtained by him in 1562-5, 1573 and 1576. He also made armours for the Jesuits of Halle in 1580. Further breastplates and backplates bearing his mark are to be found in the Hofjagd- und Rüstkammer, Vienna, Inv.Nos A 403 & 407, the collections of Schloss Ambrass, near Innsbruck, Inv. Nos WA 223 & 331, and the Museo Stibbert, Florence, Inv. No. 2367. See Thomas & Gamber 1954, pp. 87 & 105, pl. 83).
Estimate:  £6000 - 8000 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 188
TWO MINIATURE ARMOURS IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 20TH CENTURY
the first with visored close-helmet, etched cuirass applied with the crowned double-eagle of the Holy Roman Empire, a pair of full arm-defences with fingered gauntlets, a pair of full leg defences with pointed sabatons, decorated throughout with etched scrolling foliage complete with a halberd (tip chipped, areas of wear overall); the second similar, plain, with a sword, each on an elaborate wooden stand in art deco style incorporating a hinged front concealing a drinks cabinet
the first: 167.0 cm; 65 3/4 in high including halberd
Estimate:  £500 - 700 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 189
A MINIATURE CAP-A-PIE ARMOUR WITH ETCHED DECORATION IN THE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
of steel, comprising close helmet with two-piece combed skull, pivoted visor and bevor, the former pierced with ventilation-holes, and a single fixed gorget-plate front and rear; breastplate and backplate, each of one plate, the former medially ridged and fitted at its lower edge with a skirt, one-piece tassets and flat codpiece; large symmetrical pauldrons connected by turners to three-piece vambraces with winged couters (the left perforated at the point of the elbow); full legharness with winged poleyns and integral articulated sabatons; the front of the armour etched overall with scrolling foliage on a blackened ground involving, at the centre of the breastplate, with an escutcheon charged with a rampant lion and shield; on a wooden stand with a black-painted wooden base
52.0 cm; 20½ in
Estimate:  £400 - 600 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 190
A COMPOSITE NORTH EUROPEAN PIKEMAN'S ARMOUR, IN MID-17TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY
comprising pot with one-piece egg-shaped crown fitted within its lower edge with a separate slightly down-turned brim and at each side with a pendent scutiform cheek-piece; one-piece medially-ridged breastplate with V-shaped waist-line, fitted at each side of the chest with a swivel-hook and pierced stud to secure the shoulder-straps of the backplate, and at each side of the waist with restraining-hooks for its waist-belt, its lower end formed with a deep flange supporting on a pair of hinges at each side a one-piece trapezoidal tasset embossed to simulate five lames and decorated with round-headed rivets; and one-piece backplate with straight lower edge, fitted to either side of its neck-opening with a scaled shoulder-strap (detached, its leathers replaced) and to either side of its lower end with a waist-belt (replaced); the neck-opening of the breastplate and backplate each struck with a trio of dots; the main edges of the armour formed with plain inward turns accompanied by recessed or engraved borders (the whole painted black over a partly oxidised surface)
Estimate:  £1000 - 1500 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 191
A FINE AND IMPORTANT NORTH ITALIAN LEFT CHEEK-PIECE OF A BURGONET WITH EMBOSSED AND DAMASCENED DECORATION, MILANESE, CIRCA 1580, PROBABLY FROM THE ATELIER OF LUCIO MARLIANI, CALLED PICCININO
of sub-rectangular form, cut away in a diagonal line at the rear of its upper edge and pierced there with two holes, one occupied by a brass-capped rivet, for the attachment of an internal hinge that formerly connected it to the sides of a burgonet, cut at the front of the same edge with a shallow notch to accommodate the rear of the burgonet's peak, flanged outwards at the rear of its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the latter's neck-guard, and projecting downwards at the front of the same edge where it is fitted with a brass-capped rivet for the attachment of a chin-strap, its front and lower rear edges turned inwards and decorated with roping indicated by gilt diagonal lines, its surface finely embossed, engraved and damascened in gold on a blued ground with a classical warrior at its centre standing before a city, intertwined serpents in the flange of its lower edge, and a helmet and shield in the downward projection of the front of its lower edge, all enclosed within strapwork damascened with delicate running scrollwork
15.0 cm; 5⅞ in high x 10.6 cm; 4¼ in wide

The cheek-piece is probably from the atelier of the Milanese armourer Lucio Marliani, called Piccinino, who decorated armour based on the designs of Andrea Casalini of Parma. His work is identifiable from the signature LUCIO/IÇR jointly representing himself and his assistant Gerolamo Assi, occurring on a saddle-steel in the Muzeum Narodowe, Cracow, inv. no. XIV -412. Paolo Morigia, in his Nobilità di Milano of 1595, praised Lucio Piccinino both for his relief work in iron and silver and his damascening, noting that he had made costly armours for Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma, and other princes. The Duke of Parma's armour is thought to be that preserved in the Hofjagd- und Rustkammer, Vienna, inv. nos A 1132, 1153 & 1153a-b. The cheek-piece offered here closely resembles in form that of the Duke's burgonet. The warrior decorating its centre and the intertwined serpents decorating its lower edge can be compared with similar subjects forming part of the ornament of the Duke's breastplate, also appearing in Casalini's designs for it. See Godoy & Leydi 2003, pp. 9-21, 270-94, 306, 308-11, 321, 478-82 & 488, figs XV-XVIII.
Estimate:  £4000 - 6000 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 192
A GERMAN 'BLACK AND WHITE' COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY
with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high medial comb (split near to its apex), and 'swept' integral brim (each side pierced with a later suspension-hole) rising to an acute point front and rear, its edge formed with a plain inward turn, the base of the crown encircled by twelve lining-rivets of which eleven retain their brass rosette-washers, and each side decorated with a burnished longitudinal band against a blackened background (refreshed with paint)
25 cm; 9⅞ in
Estimate:  £600 - 900 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 193
A NORTH EUROPEAN ZISCHÄGGE, MID-17TH CENTURY
with one-piece hemispherical skull embossed with six radiating ribs and fitted at its apex with a pierced finial and large circular washer, at its brow with a flat obtusely-pointed peak, at its nape with a flaring neck-guard of four lames (the fourth cracked at its right), and at each side with a pendent scutiform cheek-piece (each detached at its rear) pierced at its centre with seven auditory holes in rosette-formation, the peak pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar with a leaf-shaped upper end struck with the mark 'l' and retained by a staple and locking-screw at the brow, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns and its surfaces coloured black overall
26.4 cm; 10 3/8 in (with cheek-pieces)
Estimate:  £900 - 1100 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 194
A NORTH ITALIAN MORION IN THE 'SPANISH' FASHION, CIRCA 1590-1600
with one-piece almond-shaped crown rising to a short 'stalk' at its apex, slightly downturned brim formed at its edge with a file-­rope inward turn (worn) accompanied by a narrow groove, its front pierced with a late suspension-hole, and the base of the crown encircled by fourteen holes for lining rivets of which one at the left still survives (the whole with a mottled overall patina)
20.5 cm; 8 in
Estimate:  £350 - 500 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 195
A NORTH ITALIAN MORION IN THE 'SPANISH' FASHION, CIRCA 1580-90
with one-piece almond-shaped crown rising to a short 'stalk' at its apex, slightly downturned brim projecting to an obtuse point front and rear and formed with plain inward turn accompanied by a narrow groove, its front struck with a crowned mark, possibly of its owner, and pierced with a late suspension-hole, and the base of the crown originally encircled by fourteen lining-rivets of which twelve remain and in all but one case retain their original brass rosette-washers, the whole with a blued finish (lightly oxidised in part)
21.0 cm; 8¼ in
Estimate:  £450 - 600 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 196
THE RARE MAIN PLATE AND PARTIAL POLEYN OF A NORTH ITALIAN 'GOTHIC' CUISSE FOR THE LEFT THIGH AND KNEE, CIRCA 1460
the main plate of gutter-shaped form, medially-ridged, turned outwards at its concave upper edge, fitted at its outer edge with the proximal portion of the upper of two former hinges of iron for the attachment of a side-plate, and overlapped at its lower edge by the uppermost lame of the poleyn (its lower outer corner chipped), the main plate painted internally in red characters with the number '36.449.L??' and its inner edge fitted with a tag stamped with the number L.23.64.1.4.17 (lightly pitted overall)
28.0 cm; 11 in

Provenance
Sumner Healey, New York
Stephen V. Grancsay, New York
Christies, London, 26 March 1980, lot 39

Exhibited
Allentown Art Museum, Allentown, Pennsylvania, 15 March -14 June 1964, cat. No. 66

The cuisse is of the same form as several in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, deriving from the Venetian Fortress of Chalcis, Euboea, which fell to the Turks in 1470.
Estimate:  £700 - 1000 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 197
A NORTH GERMAN BURGONET, 'ALMAIN' COLLAR AND BACKPLATE IN THE 'BLACK AND WHITE' FASHION, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY
the first formed of a rounded one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb, flanged outwards at its rear to receive an obtusely-pointed one-piece neck-guard, pierced at each side with a hole for the attachment of a separate peak, now represented only by its left terminal and pivot, and cut out at each side to accommodate a missing hinged cheek-piece; the second formed of three lames front and rear, fitted at each side with an integral spaudler of six lames (both associated, the right detached and partly disarticulated); the third formed in one piece well-shaped to the shoulders and boxed at each side, its lower edge flanged outwards to receive a culet of one lame; the main edges of all pieces formed with inward turns, either file-roped or notched, and their surfaces decorated with raise or recessed bands and borders originally burnished bright against a black-from-the-hammer ground, the borders of the backplate embossed in low relief with stylised acanthus foliage (the whole painted black over a partly oxidised surface)
Estimate:  £1200 - 1600 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 198
A NORTH EUROPEAN CUIRASSIER'S BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1610
of shot-proof weight and formed in one piece in the late 'peascod' fashion, with plain outward turns at its neck and arm-opening and an outward-flanged lower edge fitted at either of its ends with a pierced staple for the attachment of a fauld, its surface decorated with radiating bands and borders of incised single lines (the lines worn and the whole lightly patinated overall)
35.6 cm; 21⅞ in
Estimate:  £600 - 800 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 199
A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1560-70
with pointed one-piece skull boxed in four panels, rising to a prominent baluster-shaped finial, the upper half of which is faceted and the lower writhen, projecting forward to a flat obtusely pointed integral peak and backward to a similar but slightly shorter and more obtusely-pointed integral neck-guard, fitted internally with a quilted canvas lining and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (restored) flanged outwards at its front and rear to serve respectively as continuations of its peak and neck-guard, and pierced at its centre within a raised circle with four auditory-holes separated by a four-pointed star, the helmet formed at its main edges with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, the whole with an overall blued finish (now lightly to moderately pitted, the skull with a plugged hole at the upper end of its left rear facet and a patch at the front of the cut-out for the right cheek-piece)
24.3 cm; 9¼ in
Estimate:  £900 - 1200 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
Lot 200
A SOUTH GERMAN MORION, CIRCA 1570-80
with rounded one-piece crown rising to high file-roped medial crown (bruised just behind its apex), and integral brim rising slightly to an acute point front and rear, the edge of the brim formed with a file-roped inward turn, the base of the crown encircled by nine (originally eleven) round-headed lining-rivets of which all but one retain their large pewter rosette-washers, the whole retaining its original black-from-the-hammer finish (partly oxidised)
21.5 cm; 8½ in
Estimate:  £800 - 1000 Click here for details of BP and other fees payable on this lot.
  
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