Arms, Armour & Militaria Sale on
Wednesday 6th December 2017

Lots subject to normal VAT rules are marked in the text-only catalogue with a single asterisk character (*) or a single dagger symbol (†) to indicate a VAT added rate of 20%.
Lots subject to normal VAT rules are marked in the text-only catalogue with a single 'at' character (@) to indicate a VAT inclusive rate of 20%.
Lots subject to normal VAT rules are marked in the text-only catalogue with double asterisk characters (**) or a double dagger symbol (‡) to indicate a VAT added rate of 5%.
Lots subject to normal VAT rules are marked in the text-only catalogue with double 'at' characters (@@) to indicate a VAT inclusive rate of 5%.
Lots marked in the text-only catalogue with a bullet character (•) are subject to the Artist's Resale Right Scheme.
Lots marked in the text-only catalogue with a small tilde character (˜) are subject to the CITES Agreement.

1.      A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA), EDO PERIOD
with slightly curved suriagi blade with bo-hi and midare hamon, o-kissaki boshi, silver habaki, tang with 'Nami' character and Bun mon with two mekugi-ana, iron mokko-gata tsuba inlaid with shinchu foliage and pellets, tsuka, soft metal dragon menuki, in its lacquered saya with gilt mon, with NTBK certificate 325558
61.4 cm; 24 1/4 in blade £1500-2000
2.      A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA), EDO PERIOD
with strongly curved blade with midare hamon, tang signed 'Takenaka Kunihoko saku' with one mekugi-ana, in shira saya painted with the same signature as the tang
70.5 cm; 27 3/4 in blade £1200-1800
3.      A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA), EDO PERIOD
with curved blade with suguha hamon, tang signed 'Kanemitsu' and pierced with two mekugi-ana, in shira saya, with its iron tate-maru-gata tsuba decorated with copper flowerheads, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered tsuka with foliate menuki, brass kashira and fuchi, in red lacquered saya
59.5 cm; 23 1/2 in blade
(2)
£1000-1400
4.      A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA), EDO PERIOD, CIRCA 1830
with Shinogi-zukuri iori-mune blade with suguha hamon, plain kiri-yasuri tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, Ko-maru boshi, iron tate-maru-gata tsuba pierced with an openwork wave pattern, silver fuchi and kashira each decorated with firey clouds, the latter inhabited by a dragon, gilt-metal dragon menuki, in its lacquered saya with silver mounts en suite, with certificate
71.7 cm; 28 1/4 in blade £4000-6000
5.      A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA), 13TH/14TH CENTURY WITH EDO PERIOD MOUNTS
with slightly curved single-edged blade formed with midare hamon, plain tang pierced with two mekugi-ana, iron Mokko-gata tsuba with roped mimi, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered tsuka, in its lacquered saya with engraved soft metal mounts
60.3 cm; 23 ¾ on blade
£2000-3000
6.      A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA)
with slightly curved single-edged Iori-mune blade with midare hamon, kiri-jiri tang signed 'Yoshinobu saku' and pierced with two mekugi-ana, Shakudo tate-maru-gata tsuba, kashira, fuchi and menuki decorated with flames inhabited by dragons, in its lacquered saya with shakudo kogai decorated en suite
62.8 cm; 24 3/4 in blade £2000-3000
7.      A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA), EDO PERIOD, 17TH CENTURY
with curved blade with notare hamon with choji, tang signed 'Kaga no Kuni Fujiwara Yukinobu' and pierced with a single mekugi-ana, copper mokko gata tsuba decorated with traditional landscape scenes, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered tsuka with gilt floral menuki kashira and fuchi, in black lacquered saya
68.4 cm; 27 in blade £1500-2000
8.      A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA)
with curved iori-mune blade with midare-hamon, tang (shortened) signed 'Yasutsugu' and pierced with two mekugi-ana and with yasu tsugu (hollyhock) mon, in shira saya
50.8 cm; 20 in blade £1000-1400
9.      **A JAPANESE SWORD (KOTO TACHI), MUROMACHI PERIOD AND LATER
with strongly curved single-edged blade with midare-hamon, tang signed 'Noshu Kanefusa' and pierced with two mekugi-ana, iron kaku-mokko-gata tsuba, gilt fabric-bound grip with foliate menuki and tsuka-kashira decorated with trees enriched with gold, in wooden fabric-bound saya (small losses)
87.2 cm; 34 1/2 in blade £1200-1800
10.     **A JAPANESE SWORD (TACHI)
with single-edged strongly curved blade, plain tang pierced with three mekugi-ana (rusted, small losses), in a black painted wooden saya (cracked, losses)
88.1 cm; 34 3/4 in blade £200-300
11.     A JAPANESE SHORTSWORD (WAKIZASHI)
with slightly curved blade with midare hamon, plain tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, iron tsuba chiselled with leaves, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered tsuka, copper mounts, in lacquered saya with signed kozuka
32.8 cm; 12 7/8 in blade
£400-600
12.     A JAPANESE DAGGER (TANTO)
with straight blade with mitsu-mune and suguha hamon, tang signed 'Hizen kuni Tadayoshi' and pierced with a single mekugi-ana, brass tsuba formed as a curled monstrous cat leather-bound sharkskin-covered tsuka with iron mounts, in its lacquered saya, complete with a kozuka with decorated copper and gilt grip
25.5 cm; 10 in blade £400-600
13.     A JAPANESE DAGGER (AIKUCHI)
with kaku-mune blade, small copper tsuba, leather-bound sharkskin-covered tsuka, bronze monster menuki, in its lacquered saya decorated with a gilt bird, and with inscribed kozuka decorated with a crayfish
24.2 cm; 9 1/2 in blade

£400-600
14.     A JAPANESE SHORTSWORD (WAKIZASHI)
with curved single-edged blade (tip rounded, worn), tang signed 'Hishu Kikuchi ju Kunimoto' and pierced with a single mekugi-ana, and iron tsuba inlaid with copper
47.2 cm; 18 5/8 in blade £200-300
15.     A JAPANESE SPEARHEAD (SUGU-YARI) MOUNTED AS A DAGGER, EDO PERIOD
with long tapering tang, lacquered grip and saya each enriched with shell
12.5 cm; 5 in head £300-500
16.     **A LARGE JAPANESE SWORD GUARD (TSUBA), EDO PERIOD
of iron with kozuka hitsu-ana, kogai hitsu-ana and udenuki-ana, decorated in soft metals with wheels and foliage
9.2 cm; 3 6/8 in £200-300
17.     THREE JAPANESE SKEWERS (KOGAI), EDO PERIOD
the first of iron, of two pieces, decorated with a web design in soft metal (small losses); the second in copper, also of two pieces and engraved with foliage; and the third of copper, inlaid with soft metal foliage, the three cased together
the first: 19.2 cm; 7 5/8 in overall

£300-350
18.     AN UNUSUAL AXE HEAD, PROBABLY CHINESE WARRING STATES PERIOD, 5TH/3RD CENTURY B.C.
formed entirely of bronze, with flat rear face cast with a bird-shaped mark, the front decorated with a key pattern (chips), and short socket
8.7 cm; 3 3/8 in high


£250-350
19.     THREE CHINESE IRON STIRRUPS, 19TH CENTURY
with oval tread, arched sidebars rising to a pierced loop for suspension and retaining some soft metal inlay (worn) £80-100
20.     THREE SOUTH EASTASIAN DAGGERS (KRIS) AND A FURTHER MALAYSIAN DAGGER (BADE BADE), 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY
the first with straight double-edged blade, engraved brass selut and carved jawa demam hilt (cracked), in its wooden scabbard; the second similar, in its wooden scabbard; the third with wavy blade and hardwood jawa demam hilt with carved decoration, in its wooden scabbard; the fourth with curved blade, carved grip and scabbard
the first: 33.2; 13 1/8 in blade
(4) £120-180
21.     **A PHILLIPPINES (MORO) MAIL AND HORN SHIRT, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY
formed of horn plates joined by butted brass rings of varying sizes, extending to the thigh, and covering the upper portion of the arms, opening at the front and secured by three brass lugs (one missing, horn with small cracks, losses) £400-600
22.     TWO INDIAN DAGGERS (KATAR), 18TH CENTURY
the first with sharply tapering fullered blade formed with a heavily reinforced tip, and integral iron hilt with three grip-bars; the second with a tapering fullered blade formed with a medial ridge, and iron hilt with a pair of faceted grip-bars
the first: 24.1 cm; 9 1/2 in blade
£200-300
23.     AN INDO-PERSIAN ARM DEFENCE (BAZU BAND), 19TH CENTURY
formed of a gutter-shaped main-plate and an inner plate joined by a series of hinges, embossed with an elliptical moulding on each face and the principle edges reinforced with a scalloped brass border (small chips and holes)
34.0 cm; 13 3/8 in
£100-150
24.     ˜AN INDIAN DAGGER (JAMBIYA) WITH RHINOCEROS HORN HILT, 19TH CENTURY
with slightly curved double-edged blade of flattened-diamond section, carved rhinoceros horn hilt with pointed pommel, and diamond-shaped iron button washer
22.0 cm; 8 5/8 in blade

£500-700
25.     AN INDIAN DAGGER (JAMBIYA), MID-19TH CENTURY
with curved double-edged blade formed with a medial ridge over its entire length on each face, and carved dark horn hilt of characteristic form (small losses)
36.0 cm; 14 1/8 in blade
£250-350
26.     A FINE INDIAN DECORATED SWORD (TALWAR) HILT, LAST QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY
comprising a pair of long langets with pierced foliate terminals, a pair of quillons formed as flattened pierced flowerheads, recurved knuckle-guard with fluted bud-shaped finial, outer-guard en suite, large disc-shaped pommel with domed button on a foliate washer and rising to a matching bud-shaped finial, integral grip, the whole decorated throughout with elaborate designs of differing conventional flowers and foliage within a framework of pellets, all on a hatched blued ground, and in fine condition throughout
19.5 cm; 7 3/4 in high

£2000-3000
27.     ˜A NORTH INDIAN DAGGER (PESH KABZ) WITH RHINOCEROS HORN HILT, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
with strongly tapering blade formed with slightly curved and rounded back-edge and double-edged towards the point, carved rhinoceros horn pistol grip with engraved shaped iron ferule and tang button
33.3 cm; 13 in blade

£700-900
28.     A NORTH INDIAN DAGGER WITH HORN HILT, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
with curved double-edged blade formed with a slender central fuller on each face, carved horn pistol grip with diamond-shaped iron tang washer
26.7 cm; 10 1/2 in blade
£250-350
29.     A LARGE INDO-PERSIAN DAGGER (JAMBIYA), SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
with curved double-edged blade formed with a full-length medial ridge on each face, retaining some gold scrollwork at the forte, iron hilt of characteristic form, decorated with flowers and foliage and retaining traces of gold
34.7 cm; 13 3/4 in blade

£400-600
30.     AN OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGER (JAMBIYA), TURKEY, 17TH/18TH CENTURY
with curved double-edged blade formed with a long raised central rib on each face, and well formed hilt encased in sheet silver (small dents)
28.0 cm; 11 in blade £250-350
31.     AN INDIAN DAGGER (PESH-KABZ), MID-18TH CENTURY
with single-edged reinforced blade etched with a watered pattern, banded horn grip, pierced iron suspension loop, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with pronounced iron chape covering the lower half and strongly curved to a bud-shaped terminal
32.5 cm; 12 3/4 in blade

£400-600
32.     A NEPALESE SILVER-MOUNTED KUKRI KNIFE, LATE 19TH CENTURY
with curved single-edged blade notched at the forte, hardwood grip carved with a band of foliage, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with silver mounts chiselled with foliage and beadwork on the outer face
39.0 cm; 15 3/8 in

Provenance
The P. Holstein Collection, sold Hotel Drouot, Paris, 8 May 1957, lot 129
The Property of a Collector, sold in these rooms, 25th June 2008, lot 44 (the first). £120-180
33.     A SMALL INDIAN KNIFE, 19TH CENTURY, ANOTHER, EUROPEAN, LATE 17TH CENTURY AND AN INDIAN SILVER SWORD CHAPE, 19TH CENTURY
the first with slightly curved single-edged blade integral tang and rounded pommel, in its silk-covered scabbard; the second with single-edged blade struck with a mark, and later wooden grips; the third chased with patterns of flowers and foliage
the first: 12.8 cm; 5 1/8 in blade
(3) £80-120
34.     AN INDIAN DAGGER (CHILANUM), 17THTH/EARLY 18TH CENTURY
finely formed, with strongly curved blade with a reinforced tip, a pair of three-quarter length fullers (one small hole), iron hilt extending over the lower portion of the blade in a series of stylised bird's head mouldings, comprising slightly curved V-shaped guard, V-shaped pommel with tapering mouldings on the top, retaining traces of early gilt scrollwork, and faceted lotus bud-shaped finial
24.0 cm; 9 1/2 in blade


£800-1200
35.     AN INDIAN DAGGER (KATAR), 18TH CENTURY
with strongly tapering blade formed with a reinforced tip, a pair of converging fullers divided by slender ridge-lines and decorated with a central panel of delicate foliage on a finely watered ground, hilt of characteristic form including a pair of shaped grip-bars joined by a pair of delicate scrollwork bars, the side bars chiselled on each side with delicate foliage en suite with the blade, with bouquets of flowers top and bottom, and retaining much early gold finish, in an early fabric-covered wooden scabbard (light wear)
25.0 cm; 9 7/8 in blade

£1200-1800
36.     AN INDIAN DAGGER (CHILANUM), LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY
with curved tapering double-edged blade formed with a central rib and a reinforced tip, iron hilt comprising bifurcated guard and pommel, the latter extending on one side to form a recurved knuckle-guard with stylised monsterhead finial, and bud-shaped pommel button (areas of pitting and wear)
23.0 cm; 9 in blade

£300-400
37.     A MASSIVE NEPALESE SACRIFICIAL BEHEADING SWORD (RAM DAO), 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with characteristically heavy hatchet blade of flattened wedge-shaped section terminating in a recurved point, long slender tang for attaching to the grip (now missing) and in brown patinated condition throughout
143.5 cm; 56 1/2 in overall

Weapons such as this were used in the sacrifice of animals to Kali, the most blood thirsty of the Hindu Gods. For a discussion of similar weapons and this goddess sea Larocca 1996, pp. 6-8. £200-300
38.     AN INDO-PERSIAN AXE (TABAR), 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with double-sided head each formed as a crescent decorated on each side with chiselled floral scrollwork enriched with gold koftgari and with some blued finish, terminal spike formed with a circular panel at the base pierced with nine slipped circles, and long tubular haft decorated with a damascus pattern and with rounded basal cap
99.5 cm; 39 1/4 in overall £200-300
39.     AN INDO-PERSIAN PAINTED COMPOSITE BOW AND THIRTEEN ARROWS, 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY
the bow of characteristic form, painted in green and red with scrolling foliage and flowers on a yellow ground (losses); one arrow with leaf-shaped head and integral iron haft; six arrows, each with leaf-shaped head, bamboo haft and bone nock; another, similar, with pierced head; two further iron arrows with near conical heads; and two arrows with conical heads and bamboo hafts and a further short arrow; together with two early carrying bags
the bow: 45.0 cm; 17 3/4 in
(16)
£350-450
40.     A FINE INDIAN SWORD (SHAMSHIR) WITH ENAMELLED SILVER HILT, FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
with earlier Persian curved single-edged blade of watered steel, chiselled silver hilt comprising a pair of pierced foliate langets, straight quillons with ram's head terminals, integral grip rising to a matching ram's head pommel, the greater part of the hilts surface chased and enamelled in polychrome with foliage inhabited by exotic animals and birds, in its red velvet-covered wooden scabbard (areas of wear) with silver mounts comprising two bands with rings for suspension and chape all decorated en suite with the hilt (the enamels with small losses on the hilt and scabbard mounts),
82.0 cm; 32 1/2 in blade

A similar example is illustrated in Missillier and Ricketts 1988, no. 223, p. 134. £2000-3000
41.     A FINE INDIAN DAGGER (KARD), FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
with earlier Persian finely watered single-edged blade with traces of a gold inlaid mark on one face (the tip with a very small chip), the tang decorated with gold scrollwork around its border and over the base of the forte, silver grip-scales chased and enamelled in polychrome with foliage inhabited by exotic birds, in its wooden silk-covered scabbard (losses), with enamelled silver locket and chape en suite with the hilt (the enamel with loses)
19.0 cm; 7 1/2 in blade


A similar example is illustrated in Missillier and Ricketts 1988, no. 223, p. 134. £1000-1500
42.     ˜A RARE INDIAN IVORY-MOUNTED DAGGER (PESH-KABZ), 18TH CENTURY
with straight single-edged blade formed with a reinforced back-edge, characteristic carved ivory grip, rising to form a down-curved beaked pommel, in its carved ivory scabbard with carved moulded finial, the top and bottom each in imitation of a locket and chape, the former with a small pierced moulding for suspension (small chips and cracks)
18.0 cm; 7 18 in blade
£800-1200
43.     TWO INDO-PERSIAN DAGGERS (PESH-KABZ), AN AFGHAN DAGGER (CHOORA) AND A PERSIAN DAGGER (JAMBIYA), 18TH/19TH CENTURY
the first with tapering recurved blade of T-section, encrusted with gold flowers and scrolls at the forte, the hilt decorated en suite and fitted with a pair of bone grip-scales; the second with tapering reinforced blade of T-section, wooden grip, and leather-covered wooden scabbard; the third with straight tapering reinforced blade, iron hilt fitted with dark wood grip-scales, and leather-covered wooden scabbard; the fourth with curved double-edged blade decorated with a panel of foliage inhabited by a reclining animal on each face of the forte and with calligraphy along the remainder of its length, iron hilt (rusted), in its matching scabbard
the first: 21.3 cm; 8 1/4 in blade
(4)
£350-450
44.     AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR) WITH SILVER-ENCRUSTED HILT, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with curved blade double-edged towards the point and formed with three fullers of unequal length on each face, russet iron hilt chiselled with large flowers and foliage in low relief and each encrusted with silver (small losses), comprising a pair of shaped langets, short quillons, knuckle-guard with recurved bud-shaped finial, disc pommel and integral grip, in its black cotton-covered wooden scabbard (small losses), with small silver chape
76.8 cm; 30 1/4 in blade

£400-600
45.     AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), LATE 19TH CENTURY
with curved blade double-edged towards the point, formed with a pair of long fullers on each face and stamped with a double eye-lash mark on one face and a further mark at the forte, engraved gilt-brass hilt decorated with boldly scrolling foliage and flowers, comprising a pair of langets with shaped terminals, short quillons, knuckle-guard, and integral grip rising to a horsehead pommel set with a red paste in one eye (the other missing), in its blue velvet-covered wooden scabbard with gilt-brass openwork locket and chape each decorated with flowers and scrolling foliage
76.8 cm; 30 1/4 in blade
£300-400
46.     AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), 18TH CENTURY
with broad curved blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a narrow fuller along the back and stamped with a star mark on each side, iron hilt of characteristic form, comprising langets with shaped terminals, mushroom-shaped quillons, recurved knuckle-guard with stylised monster-head finial, large disc-shaped pommel, the button resting on a petal-shaped domed washer, and the hilt encased in silver decorated with gilt panels pricked with foliage
78.0 cm; 30 ¾ in blade

£350-450
47.     AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with curved blade double-edged towards the point, iron hilt of characteristic form including a pair of langets swelling towards the tips, a pair of quillons, recurved knuckle-guard with stylised monsterhead finial, large disc-shaped pommel and attenuated button, the hilt encrusted with gold foliage enriched with silver pellets
81.5 cm; 32 1/8 in blade
£250-350
48.     AN INDIAN SWORD (KHANDA), LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY
with flat-blade swelling and double-edged towards the low triangular point, etched with a short inscription on one face, iron hilt comprising a pair of langets with bud-shaped terminals, broad figure-of-eight shaped knuckle-guard with pierced border, rising to a broad knuckle-guard decorated en suite, flat pear-shaped pommel with long attenuated button on a flower-shaped rosette, and integral grip
75.0 cm; 29 1/2 in blade
£250-300
49.     AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with curved blade double-edged towards the tip, iron hilt of characteristic form encrusted with a symmetrical design of gold scrolling foliage, including large disc pommel with an inscription framing the outer face, and integral grip decorated en suite
72.0 cm; 28 3/8 in blade
£250-350
50.     AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with curved blade double-edged towards the tip and formed with a slender groove along the back-edge, iron hilt of characteristic form including a pair of langets with shaped terminals, recurved knuckle-guard with bifurcated bud-shaped tip, and disc pommel with up-turned brim, in a later red velvet-covered scabbard
72.0 cm; 28 3/8 in blade

£200-300
51.     AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR) AND AN INDIAN SPEAR, 19TH CENTURY
the first with curved bladed double-edged towards the point, silver-plated hilt of characteristic form including large disc pommel with domed finial and pierced button for a tassel, in its scabbard; the second with tapering head of flattened-diamond section, writhen globular basal moulding and tapering socket
the first: 77.0 cm; 30 3/8 in blade
(2) £250-350
52.     TWO INDIAN SWORDS (TALWAR)
the first with straight blade double-edged towards the point, formed with a fuller along the greater part of its length on each face, iron hilt of characteristic form including large disc-shaped pommel (heavily rusted overall); the second similar (the blade rusted over its second half), with two leather-covered wooden scabbards (chapes missing) with iron looped lockets
the first: 74.7 cm; 29 3/8 in blade
(2) £100-150
53.     AN UNUSUAL INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), 19TH CENTURY
with straight double-edged blade with traces of an inscription within a short fuller on each face and etched with a 'watered' pattern, iron hilt of characteristic form, comprising a pair of short quillons with button-shaped terminals, a pair of langets with shaped terminals, disc pommel with a domed finial, and integral grip, decorated over almost its entire surface with bouquets of flowers against a punched ground within linear frames in thickly encrusted silver koftgari
73.5 cm; 29 in blade £200-250
54.     AN INDIAN SWORD (FIRANGI), 18TH CENTURY
with straight fullered blade of European make struck with a double eye-lash mark on one face at the forte, punched with a brief inscription on each face, iron hilt comprising a pair of long shaped langets enclosing the forte, figure-of-eight shaped guard extending to a broad moulded knuckle-guard, fluted cup-shaped pommel, attenuated pommel and integral grip
104.0 cm; 41 in blade £350-450
55.     AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), 19TH CENTURY
with curved broad blade double-edged towards the point, iron hilt of characteristic form including a pair of langets with pierced terminals, recurved knuckle-guard with fluted bud-shaped finial, large disc-shaped pommel with a pierced flowerhead rondel on the top and integral grip, in later fabric-covered wooden scabbard
72.5 cm; 28 5/8 in blade

£250-350
56.     AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), 19TH CENTURY
with curved blade double-edged towards the point, iron hilt including a pair of short quillons with mushroom-shaped terminals, disc-shaped pommel and integral grip, and retaining traces of silver koftgari decoration
74.8 cm; 29 1/2 in blade
£150-200
57.     **AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), LATE 19TH CENTURY
with curved blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a narrow fuller along the greater part of its length (rusted), iron hilt of characteristic form decorated over its surface with silver flowers and foliage
77.8 cm; 30 5/8 in blade £80-120
58.     **AN INDIAN SWORD (KHANDA), 18TH CENTURY
with long fullered European blade, iron hilt of characteristic form extending over the lower portion of the blade, including figure-of-eight shaped guard, broad knuckle-guard, and attenuated pommel (cleaned), in its wooden scabbard with dark red silk covering (losses)
102.0 cm; 40 1/8 in blade £150-180
59.     **TWO INDIAN SWORDS (TALWAR), 20TH CENTURY
each with fullered blade double-edged towards the point, characteristic iron hilt, the pommel attenuated and extending to an angular button, in its scabbard
76.3 cm; 30 in blades
(2) £150-200
60.     A TRANSCAUCASIAN SWORD (QUADDARA), AN INDIAN ELEPHANT GOAD (ANCUS), AND TWO INDIAN AXES, 19TH CENTURY
the first with single-edged blade cut with two fullers along the greater part of its length and stamped with a six-point star on one face of the forte, and a pair of horn grips retained by three iron rivets over silver Russian coins; the second with flat head comprising characteristic hooked terminal and central blade retaining traces of silver decoration, short tubular haft and brass basal cap (spike missing); the third with crescentic blade and tubular iron haft; the fourth similar, with fabric-covered haft
the first: 59.5 cm; 23 1/3 in blade £200-300
61.     AN INDIAN MAIL SHIRT, 19TH CENTURY
formed entirely of riveted rings of circular-section wire, with a short central opening at the neck, short sleeves later extended to the elbows with mail of a heavier gauge, and a short skirt divided at its front and rear, the neck-opening fitted at its rear with a later piece of mail of smaller rings alternately of riveted round-section wire and welded rings of flat-section, cut at its lower edge with four dags and sewn at its upper edge with crimson silk piping through which is threaded a leather thong (heavily oxidised and holed at a few points)

Provenance
Sold Christie's, London, 14 April 1976, lot 65 £350-500
62.     A NORTH INDIAN MAIL AND PLATE CUIRASS, 18/19TH CENTURY
formed of a shirt of riveted rings of oval-section wire with a central front opening closed by pins, wrist-length sleeves and a short skirt, incorporating triangular plates at the top centre of both front and rear, and rectangular plates elsewhere, all etched within a plain border with a continuous pattern of lozenges (heavily oxidised overall, with some holing and losses at its edges) £350-500
63.     A MAIL SHIRT, PROBABLY OTTOMAN TURKISH MODIFIED TO NORTH AFRICAN USE, 18/19TH CENTURY
formed entirely of large riveted oval rings of oval-section wire, with a later-added short upstanding collar stiffened with leather thongs (severed at points), short central opening at the neck, short sleeves, and a short skirt divided at its front and rear (heavily oxidised overall)

Provenance
Sold Christie's, London, 14 May 1956, Lot 157 £400-500
64.     A NORTH AFRICAN MAIL SHIRT, 19TH CENTURY
formed entirely of riveted rings of circular-section wire, with a short upstanding collar, a short central opening at the neck, short sleeves and a long skirt divided at its front and rear (heavily oxidised overall, with some holing and losses) £250-400
65.     ˜TWO INDIAN POWDER-FLASKS, 18TH CENTURY; THREE BULLET MOULDS; AND A CLEANING ROD
the first of horn, with engraved brass terminals decorated with a trellis pattern filled with foliage, the nozzle with spring cut-off and the basal terminal formed as a stylised fish tail; the second encased in leather and with traces of early paint, fitted with a turned ivory stopper; one bullet mould with a brief inscription; together with a file; a further tool and two leather pouches
the first: 24.5 cm; 9 5/8 in
(10) £200-250
66.     ˜A NEPALESE SHIELD (DHAL) AND TWO INDIAN SHIELDS (DHAL)
the first of an entire tortoiseshell, fitted with a central rondel decorated with a deity, surrounded by smaller animals and miniature kukri brass plaques, fitted with four bosses corresponding to enarmes, the inner face painted red and with black fabric pad; the second and third modern
the first: 39.3 cm; 15 3/8 in diameter
(3) £150-200
67.     **AN INDO-PERSIAN ARM DEFENCE (BAZU BAND), 19TH CENTURY
of characteristic gutter-shaped form, retaining a small number of butted mail links and four buckles for attachment (wrist-plate missing), the interior with red fabric lining, and the outer surface etched with stylised calligraphy enclosing panels of seated figures in traditional garb within a framework of scrolling foliage and animals, all enriched with gold
40.9 cm; 16 in
£500-700
68.     AN INDIAN CIRCULAR HIDE SHIELD (DHAL), RAJASTHAN, LATE 18TH CENTURY
of shallow convex form, the interior painted red with gold border designs and gilt flowers, fitted with an early pad and four iron rings for enarmes, each corresponding with a domed brass boss, the exterior painted with a central rondel filled with polychrome flowers and foliage, the outer border en suite, and the middle field with a design of scrolling red flowers and foliage against a black ground (one small crack and pierced for display)
46.0 cm; 18 1/8 in diameter

£200-250
69.     TWO INDIAN SMALL SHIELDS (DHAL), 18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES
the first of hide, the interior painted red with gold details (losses), fitted with an early pad and enarmes, the outside painted with polychrome flowers within a linear border and with four brass foliate bosses; the second of iron, the outer surface decorated with silver scrolling foliage enriched with gold, with enarmes on the inside and an early pad; and a mail hand defence and padded lining with for a bazu band
the first: 21.0 cm; 8 1/4 in diameter
(3)
£250-350
70.     A RARE CAUCASIAN MAIL AND PLATE HEAD-DEFENCE, LATE 17TH CENTURY
formed of a dished circular plate pierced at its centre with a single hole for the attachment of a finial, and around its lower edge with numerous smaller holes to which is attached with later wire a deep mail tippet with a face-opening that narrows towards its base, and is formed of small riveted rings of flat-sectioned wire (heavily oxidised overall, with some holing and losses at its edges)

A similar head-defence is in the Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum, Budapest. See Gutowski 1997, cat. No. 28, pp. 53 & 92. £500-700
71.     TWO SUDANESE SWORDS (KASKARA), 19TH CENTURY
the first with earlier fullered European blade, flattened cross-piece, and hide-covered wooden grip; the second with double-edged etched blade, brass cross-piece and hide-bound grip
the first: 89.4 cm; 33 3/8 in blade £200-300
72.     A PERSIAN STEEL STRIKE-A-LIGHT, 17TH CENTURY
of characteristic form, with broad blade formed with a moulded upper edge, the terminal strongly recurved and terminating in a stylised monsterhead, engraved on each side with scrolling foliage sown with pellets
20.0 cm; 7 7/8 in
£800-1000
73.     **A 28 BORE INDIAN MATCHLOCK GUN (TORADOR), 19TH CENTURY
with sighted shortened barrel retained by three slender metal bands, the rearmost enclosing the back-sight, breech with integral pan with pivot-cover, enclosed action with pierced serpentine and shaped trigger, full wooden stock (shortened) with traces of painted decoration, and iron ramrod
47.0 cm; 18 1/2 in barrel £250-350
74.     A LARGE GROUP OF MOSTLY AFRICAN SMALL WEAPONS, 19TH/20TH CENTURY
comprising a Congolese sword, probably from the Salampasu tribe, with shaped iron blade and carved wooden hilt; a Sudanese throwing knife of characteristic form, with five blades (grip missing); a Somali Billaou dagger with broad leaf-shaped blade, wooden grip, in its scabbard; two Kenyan swords, probably from Lamu, each with widening leaf-shaped blade, in their scabbards; a Persian dagger (jambiya), with curved double-edged blade decorated with traces of silver scrolling foliage and bone hilt; a Moroccan dagger (jambiya) of characteristic form, in its metal scabbard; together with eleven daggers, two scabbards, and a brass ashtray
the first: 44.8 cm; 17 5/8 in blade
(22) £300-400
75.     A PAPUA NEW GUINEAN CLUB (MASSIM CULTURE)
of dark wood with spatulate blade incised with zig-zag patterns and wavy decoration, and retaining very small traces of lime infill
59.9 cm; 23 5/8 in overall £80-120
76.     ˜AN ARAB SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGER (JAMBIYA), EARLY 20TH CENTURY
with curved double-edged blade formed with a medial ridge, silver-mounted carved rhinoceros horn grip, in its wooden scabbard, the inner surface covered with green velvet and the outer decorated with sheet silver and embossed top and bottom, with its matching belt
15.3 cm; 6 in blade £250-350
77.     TWO AFRICAN CLUBS (KNOBKERRY), AN AFRICAN AXE, AN AFRICAN SPEAR, A NIGERIAN CANOE PADDLE, AND THREE FURTHER HAFTED WEAPONS
the first with ovoid head (cracked) and long haft; the second with bulbous head; the third with long wedge-shaped head widening towards the edge, and leather-covered haft; the fourth with leaf-shaped head formed with a medial ridge and socket, plaited wire, on its wooden haft; the fifth with tapering leaf-shaped blade and long wooden haft, carved and pierced with openwork; and three carved staffs with anthropomorphic heads (one detached)
the first: 29.8 cm; 75 7/8 in overall
(8) £150-200
78.     AN ARAB SWORD (KATTARRA), OMAN, 18TH CENTURY
with broad double-edged flat blade (tip shortened), iron hilt of characteristic form including block-shaped quillons with down-curved bud-shaped finials, faceted ovoid 'tower' pommel and integral iron grip (pitted)
62.0 cm; 24 3/8 in blade
£1500-2000
79.     TWO AFRICAN SWORDS, A SCABBARD FOR THREE SUDANESE DAGGERS, AN AFRICAN QUIVER, A BOW, AN AFRICAN CROSSBOW, TWO SOUTHEAST ASIAN TRUMPETS
the first with curved blade stamped 'No. 416', leather-covered hilt and scabbard (the scabbard worn, losses); the second in its scabbard, seized; the third a crocodile head; the fourth of characteristic form with thirteen arrows; together with three powder flasks, a hide-covered bottle, and a wooden cane with pointed iron end
the first: 76.7 cm; 30 1/4 in blade
(13) £200-300
80.     A BRUNSWICK STATE TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD OF THE GUARD OF JULIUS, DUKE OF BRUNSWICK AND LÜNEBURG IN WOLFENBÜTTEL (1528-89), NO. 235, DATED 1573
with straight double-edged blade of flattened-diamond section sharply tapering at the point, rectangular ricasso formed with a pair of slender up-turned lugs in the middle, boldly incised with the crowned Ducal monogram, the number and the date within a linear frame on each side, iron hilt comprising a pair of ribbon-like quillons each interrupted by a chiselled and engraved fish-shaped moulding, curled forward and back at the respective down-curved terminals (one quillon expertly repaired), a pair of small flat engraved serpentine lugs at the base, punched inner and outer ring-guards, each interrupted with three baluster mouldings and filled with a saltire, the former with thumb-ring, thick pierced crutch-shaped pommel boldly engraved with foliage, and early leather-covered wooden grip
134.0 cm; 52 3/4in blade

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Zeughaus, Wolfenbüttel

Duke Julius of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1528-1589) inherited the title following the death of his two older brothers in battle. He was a keen supporter of the Reformation and introduced it into the Duchy of Wolfenbüttel. The swords from his Ducal Guard are all numbered and may be divided into two series, one dated 1573 and the other 1574. The blades are generally inscribed with the date, an arsenal number and the crowned Ducal monogram IH. There are minor variations within each series and it would appear from the numbered swords extant that original quantity in the group was around 600 - with numbers in each series being recorded in the 290's. In 1573 a sword was delivered to Wolfenbüttel by the armourer Wolf Gabriel and it has been suggested that this was possibly a prototype for the group. Given the large number of differing bladesmith's marks and the variation in minor details it is likely that the order for both the 1573 and 1574 swords was contracted to a number of swordsmiths. It is probable that they were originally stored in the Wolfenbüttel Zeughaus and transferred to the Brunswick Zeughaus when the family moved from Wolfenbüttel in 1753/54. The inventory of the Hanover Zeughaus in 1854 records six of these swords, three dated 1573 and three dated 1574. A document describing the decoration of Schloss Blankenburg in 1868 with arms and armour from the Brunswick Zeughaus records thirty-six swords which are probably from this group.
£15000-20000
81.     A NORTH EUROPEAN BASKET-HILTED MILITARY BACKSWORD (TESSAK), LATE 16TH CENTURY
with earlier tapering double-edged blade of slightly hollow-diamond section, iron basket-hilt of characteristic form, comprising a pair of vertically recurved quillons with pronounced terminals each formed as a mulberry, symmetrical basket-guard formed of a pair of saltires each joined at the base by a scrolling bar and divided by the knuckle-guard, the latter rising to a small recurved finial, figure-of-eight shaped basal plate, mushroom-shaped pommel decorated en suite with the quillons, and later grip bound with plaited wire between 'Turk's Heads'
84.5 cm; 33 1/4 in blade

Hilts of this form are associated with both North Germany and Scandinavia. See Norman 1980, p. 149. £2000-3000
82.     A NORTH EUROPEAN SABRE OF SINCLAIR TYPE, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with curved blade double-edged towards the point and formed with two long slender fullers on each face, incised 'Andrea' and 'Ferararia' in elaborate letters on the respective faces, iron hilt of characteristic type, including vertically recurved spatulate quillons with bud-shaped finials, up-turned outer guard incised with a pair of lines framing a trefoil aperture in the centre, knuckle-guard joined to the frontal guard by an s-shaped bar, bifurcated inner-guard, thumb-ring and associated cushion-shaped pommel, and later leather-bound grip
83.2 cm; 32 3/4 in blade

£1200-1800
83.     A SWEPT-HILT RAPIER WITH CHISELLED AND DAMASCENED HILT, THE BLADE 17TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY
with German double-edged blade with a running wolf and a sun-in splendour mark on the respective faces, each ahead of three slender fullers, tapering ricasso struck with a celestial mask, iron hilt formed as a series of circular and oval panels of varying size, comprising down-curved quillon with rondel finial, outer ring-guard, knuckle-guard, outer guard, a pair of arms and trifurcated inner-guard and barrel-shaped pommel, the principle bars and the pommel all chiselled and damascened in gold and silver with scrollwork and exotic birds (areas of light surface rust and wear), and spirally moulded grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turk's Heads'
106.5 cm; 41 7/8 in blade

£2000-3000
84.     A CUP-HILT RAPIER IN SPANISH MID-17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with long tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, iron hilt including a pair of straight quillons with trumpet-shaped terminals, knuckle-guard en suite, cup-guard pierced with designs of scrolling foliage and with moulded brim, and flattened scalloped ovoid pommel, and wire-bound grip between iron collars
103.5 cm; 40 3/4 in blade

£600-800
85.     A SWEPT-HILT RAPIER IN LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with earlier tapering slender blade pierced with a series of slots within a short fuller and inlaid with a brass panel at the forte, iron hilt cast with figures and scrolls in low relief, including down-curved quillon, upper and lower ring-guard, knuckle-guard, and barrel-shaped pommel (areas of pitting)
92.7 cm; 36 1/2 in blade

The hilt is based on, or inspired by, a rapier in the Wallace Collection no. A619.
£500-700
86.     **A GERMAN ESTOC, 16TH CENTURY AND LATER
with early long blade of stout-diamond section, black-painted iron hilt comprising a pair of later horizontally recurved quillons with globular terminals, early spirally moulded globular pommel, and fishskin-covered grip bound with iron bands between shaped collars
108.0 cm; 42 1/2 in blade
£3000-4000
87.     **A COMPOSITE GERMAN HAND-AND-A-HALF SWORD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY AND LATER
with early broad double-edged blade of flattened-hexagonal section, cut with a wavy pattern and a cross pattern enclosed by linear frames at the forte on the respective faces, struck with a brass-lined running wolf mark (small losses) on one face, iron hilt of rounded bars comprising later drooping quillons with moulded terminals including a band of delicate ropework, inner-and outer guards each formed of a diagonal bar interrupted by a central moulding en suite with the quillon terminals, an additional frontally projecting bar at the base on each side, a pair of arms, and early writhen plummet-shaped pommel and later leather-covered two-stage grip
109.5 cm; 43 1/8 in blade

£1800-2200
88.     A NORTH EUROPEAN CAVALRY SWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with tapering double-edged blade struck with running wolf mark and inscribed with the spurious date '1441' within a short fuller on each face, asymmetrical iron hilt including inner and outer ring-guards each filled with a pierced sprung-in plate, outer guard and knuckle-guard each interrupted by a globular moulding and joined by an S-shaped bar, thumb-ring, and compressed spherical pommel, and later grip
78.8 cm; 31 in blade
£600-800
89.     TWO EPEES AND TWO COURT SWORDS 19TH AND EARLY 20TH CENTURY
the first two with tapering blades terminating in a button-shaped finial, openwork brass hilts decorated with neo-rococo scrolls and helmet-shaped pommels; the third with slender blade and burnished iron hilt decorated in imitation of brilliants and the fourth probably for a diplomat, with brass hilt with beadwork border
the first: 86.5 cm; 34 in blades
(4) £250-350
90.     THREE KNIGHTLY SWORDS IN 15TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES
the first and second with flat blade, cruciform hilt and wheel pommel, the third with moulded brass hilt, in its scabbard
the first: 87.0 cm; 34 1/4 in blade
(3)
£200-250
91.     PROPERTY FROM THE COLLECTION OF THE DOWAGER COUNTESS CAWDOR

A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY, THE HILT PROBABLY BY WALTER ALLAN OF STIRLING
with tapering double-edged blade, stamped with a King's head mark, signed 'Conrad Wundes' and 'Me Fecit Solingen' divided by the running wolf of Solingen within a short fuller framed by a pair of slender fullers on each face, well formed iron hilt signed beneath the quillon base 'WA' over 'S' (feint, heavily worn, quillon missing), basket-guard formed of rounded bars carrying an alternating arrangement of slender and broad panels each pierced with circles and stylised hearts emphasised by delicate fluted patterns, including a pair of 'ram's horn' mouldings at the base, two looped bars and associated spirally-fluted bun-shaped pommel (guard repaired at the pommel ring, small chips and areas of pitting), later wooden grip and leather liner
73.7 cm; 29 in blade

For a discussion of Walter Allan see Reid 1963, pp. 16-21. £2000-2500
92.     A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY
with broad double-edged blade, stamped with the spurious date '1515' in a short fuller and with the running wolf mark ahead on each face, iron hilt of flattened bars carrying an alternating arrangement of oval and square panels pierced with with hearts and circles within linear frames, a large oval bar for the reins, scrolling quillon, engraved bun-shaped pommel, associated bud-shaped button, and wire-bound fishskin-covered grip
88.0 cm; 34 5/8 in blade

£1500-2000
93.     A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BACKSWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY
with tapering blade double-edged towards the point, formed with two long fullers and with traces of an inscription including 'Ven.Ver......Vicat' on each face, iron hilt (pitted) of rounded bars carrying an alternating arrangement of rectangular and square panels with cusped edges, each pierced with a symmetrical arrangement of hearts and circles emphasised by incised lines and fluting, short scrolling quillon, fluted bun-shaped pommel and later grip
81.7 cm; 32 1/4 in blade


£1000-1500
94.     A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY
with tapering blade formed with a rectangular ricasso, iron hilt of rounded bars carrying an alternating arrangement of rectangular and square panels with cusped borders, each pierced with a symmetrical arrangement of hearts and circles emphasised by incised lines and fluting (refreshed), short scrolling quillon, associated bun-shaped pommel and later grip
82.2 cm; 32 3/8 in blade

£1000-1400
95.     A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with tapering blade formed with three near full length fullers and stamped 'Andrea Farara' on each face (rubbed, tip sharpened), grooved ricasso, iron hilt of flattened bars carrying an alternating arrangement of rectangular and square panels with finely cusped borders, each pierced with a symmetrical arrangement of hearts and circles emphasised by incised lines and fluting, broad scrolling quillon, fluted bun-shaped pommel and associated wire-bound fishskin-covered grip
74.7 cm; 29 3/8 in blade
£1200-1800
96.     A RARE ENGLISH BACKSWORD WITH BRASS MORTUARY HILT, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with broad blade double-edged towards the point, cut with three slender fullers of differing length and struck with a pair of celestial masks on each face (pitted), symmetrical brass basket-hilt of characteristic form decorated with a pair of masks on the base, comprising a pair of vestigial langets, scrolling quillon struck 'M' crowned on the inside, knuckle-guard, two frontal bars joined by a vertical bar and fitted with a further scrolling bar, chiselled globular pommel, and later grip bound with plaited wire (losses) between brass collars
85.2 cm; 33 5/8 in blade
£2000-2500
97.     A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD LATE 17TH CENTURY
with tapering blade stamped 'Andreia Ferara' between a series of decorative marks including a pair of running wolves on each face, rectangular ricasso, iron ribbon guard (small cracks and chips) extending to a small beak at the front, involving saltires incorporating circular central panels, S-shaped bars, fitted with a pair of slender rounded bars at the rear, vestigial quillon, bun-shaped pommel (pitted throughout), and spirally moulded leather-covered grip bound with plaited wire
82.3 cm; 32 3/8 in blade £1500-2000
98.     AN ENGLISH BASKET-HILT BROADSWORD, CIRCA 1680
with broad double-edged blade formed with a short fuller retaining traces of an inscription and with traces of a running wolf mark on each face, iron basket-hilt of flattened bars including knuckle-guard, a pair of saltires each with a central circular panel retaining traces of punched ornament, two vertical bars front and rear, a pair of basal loops, and bun-shaped pommel (blade and hilt with areas of pitting), and later spirally carved wooden grip
82.2 cm; 32 3/8 in blade
£1500-2000
99.     A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with double-edged blade formed with a long pair of fullers on each face, iron basket-guard of flattened rounded bars carrying an alternating arrangement of slender rectangular and square panels each pierced with arrangements of heart-shaped apertures, the latter centring around a quartrefoil, scrolling quillon, and fluted bun-shaped pommel, and spirally carved fishskin-covered grip bound with plaited wire (small losses, the iron parts with areas of pitting)
81.6 cm; 32 1/8 in blade
£1000-1500
100.    A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BACKSWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with tapering single-edged blade formed with three long fullers on each face, iron hilt of flattened bars carrying an alternating arrangement of narrow and square panels with cusped borders and pierced with hearts and circles, scrolling quillon, fluted bun-shaped pommel (pitted throughout), and wire-bound fishskin-covered grip
86.0 cm; 33 7/8 in blade
£800-1000
101.    A BRITISH HIGHLAND INFANTRY OFFICER'S BASKET-HILTED BACKSWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY
with tapering blade double-edged towards the point, formed with three long slender fullers and retaining traces of a maker's inscription including a double eyelash mark on each face, iron hilt of rounded bars (pitted), carrying an alternating arrangement of slender and square panels, compressed spherical pommel, an early red fabric liner (moth damage), and fishskin-covered grip (binding missing)
79.0 cm; 31 1/8 in blade
£400-600
102.    A HIGHLAND REGIMENT OFFICER'S BASKET-HILTED BACKSWORD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with tapering fullered blade double-edged towards the point, iron basket-hilt of flattened bars carrying an alternating arrangement of narrow and near square panels each pierced with stylised hearts and circles (one panel cracked), scrolling quillon, conical pommel and sharkskin-covered grip bound with plaited wire (the blade and hilt with areas of rust)
80.8 cm; 31 3/4 in blade
£300-400
103.    A HIGHLAND REGIMENT OFFICER'S BASKET-HILTED BACKSWORD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with tapering fullered blade double-edged towards the point, iron basket-hilt of flattened bars carrying an alternating arrangement of narrow and near square panels each pierced with stylised hearts and circles, scrolling quillon, conical pommel and wire-bound spirally-carved grip with 'Turks Heads' (light pitting)
77.2 cm; 30 3/8 in blade
£500-700
104.    A RARE BASKET-HILTED BACKSWORD FOR AN OFFICER OF THE 116TH (PERTHSHIRE HIGHLANDERS) REGIMENT, BREADALBANE FENCIBLES, CIRCA 1794
with broad blade double-edged towards the tip, engraved regulation basket-guard formed of two halves (worn), each comprised of flattened bars, including panels of scrolling thistle flowers and foliage, the centre incorporating the regimental device, associated bun-shaped pommel and later grip
74.2 cm; 29 1/4 in blade

A number of short-lived highland regiments were raised in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, including the 116th (Perthshire Highlanders) raised in 1794 and disbanded shortly after. See Robson 1996, pp. 173-4. Another example from this group formerly in the collection of Anthony North was sold in these rooms 30th June 2010, lot 165. £500-700
105.    A HIGHLAND REGIMENT OFFICER'S BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD,LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with broad double-edged German blade signed 'J. J. Runkel Solingen' within a short fuller on each face, brass hilt of rounded bars carrying an alternating arrangement of rectangular and square panels, solid scrolling quillon, and fluted bun-shaped pommel (loose) and spirally carved horn grip (binding missing)
84.3 cm; 33 1/8 in blade
£1200-1800
106.    A VICTORIAN HIGHLAND BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY
with fullered blade, iron hilt of rounded bars carrying panels pierced with hearts and circles, quillon, and fluted bun-shaped pommel (grip missing)
81.5 cm; 32 1/8 in blade
£300-400
107.    A BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD IN EARLY 18TH CENTURY SCOTTISH STYLE, 20TH CENTURY
of heavy construction, with broad fullered blade cut with a running wolf mark, iron hilt of rounded bars incorporating pierced panels with cusped borders, ramshorn mouldings, S-shaped bars, scrolling quillon and fluted pommel, and blackened grip with brass 'Turk's heads'
83.7 cm; 33 in blade

£600-800
108.    A BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD IN EARLY 18TH CENTURY SCOTTISH STYLE, 20TH CENTURY
of heavy construction, with broad fullered blade stamped with three marks on one face (indistinct), iron hilt of rounded bars incorporating pierced broad and narrow panels with cusped borders, scrolling quillon and fluted pommel, and spirally bound grip with 'Turk's heads'
83.7 cm; 33 in blade


£600-800
109.    A DETACHED BLADE FROM A BROADSWORD, 18TH CENTURY
of flattened rounded section, stamped 'Andrea' and 'Farara' between a series of King's head marks on each face (worn), rectangular ricasso and tapering tang
69.4 cm; 27 3/8 in blade
£250-350
110.    A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, LATE 20TH CENTURY
with etched fullered polished blade, plated basket-hilt of rounded bars with openwork panels, fluted bun-shaped pommel, leather-covered grip, in its black painted scabbard
79.5 cm; 31 3/8 in blade
£50-60
111.    THREE SCOTTISH DRESS DAGGERS (SKEAN DHU), 20TH CENTURY
the first by Wilkinson, Pall Mall, etched 'H'land Lt Infty' and with maker's details at the forte, gilt-brass hilt decorated with the regimental device, basket-weave grip, in its scabbard; the second similar, for the Cameron Highlanders; and the third similar, for the Seaforth Highlanders and Rossshire Buffs
the first: 12.0 cm; 4 3/4 in blade
(3)

£250-350
112.    A FINE 18 CT GOLD-MOUNTED DRESS DIRK BY HAMILTON AND INCHES, EDINBURGH 1966, BASED ON THAT PRESENTED TO SIR COLIN CAMPBELL, G.C.B., BY THE HIGHLANDERS OF BREADALBANE, GLENORCHY & NETHER LORNE IN 1856
with broad blade double-edged at the point and formed with a notched back-edge, etched with a long panel of strapwork and thistle foliage on a frosted ground on one face and with further designs enclosing the inscription 'Presented to General Sir Colin Campbell G.C.B. by the Highlanders of Breadalbane, Glenorchy & Nether Lorne, as a mark of their admiration of his high qualities as a soldier and devotion to his country 1856' on the other, gold hilt finely cast and chased with thistle foliage, the pommel incorporating a band of openwork trellis and set with a faceted citrine, hardwood basketweave grip enriched with gold nails, in its wooden scabbard covered with plum velvet, with marked gold mounts decorated en suite, the middle band decorated with crossed flags, the chape involving the Campbell crest and motto, complete with it accompanying knife and fork each mounted with gold and citrine en suite with the hilt, in its lined and fitted case covered with red morocco
26.7 cm; 10 1/2 in blade
£3500-4000
113.    TWO SCOTTISH SILVER-MOUNTED DRESS DAGGERS (SKEAN DHU), EDIINBURGH 1970 AND 1971
the first by Wilkinson, Pall Mall, etched with Gordon Highlanders and maker's details at the forte, silver hilt including openwork pommel, in its scabbard; the second with etched blade and the hilt and scabbard mounts decorated with traditional Celtic motifs
the first: 11.8 cm; 4 5/8 in blade
(2) £250-350
114.    A NORTH EUROPEAN TRANSITIONAL SWORD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with tapering blade formed in three stages, the uppermost of flattened-diamond section, the middle flattened-hexagonal and the base stamped 'Tomaso Ayala' and 'En Toledo' between a series of decorative cross marks within a short fuller on each face, chiselled blackened iron hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with flowerhead terminals, outer ring-guard interrupted by a central double moulding en suite with the quillon terminals, gadrooned pommel decorated with a flower head on top, and later grip bound with plaited wire between 'Turk's Heads'
89.0 cm; 35 in blade
£2000-3000
115.    AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LONDON, LATE 17TH CENTURY
with slender blade of flattened-diamond section, stamped 'In Toledo' within a short fuller on each face, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising asymmetrical double shell-guard, a pair of slender arms, near rectangular knuckle-guard, and pommel (marks rubbed), the principal elements chased with masks in low relief on a matted ground enriched with foliage, and the grip bound with plaited wire between Turk's Heads'
76.5 cm; 30 1/8 in blade

A sword with a very similar hilt marked by Richard Fuller, is preserved in the Royal Armouries Leeds, inv. no. IX.1797. Richard Fuller, a gifted silver-hilt maker and sword cutler is recorded circa 1670-1731. See Southwick 2001, plate 20-1, p. 277. £1500-2500
116.    AN IRISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1780, RETAILED BY BENNETT, DUBLIN
with colichemarde blade etched with scrolls, celestial masks and a bird over the forte, silver hilt with gadrooned borders cast and chased in low relief, comprising 'boatshell' guard, a pair of straight quillons with slightly recurved terminals, knuckle-guard, a pair of small plain arms, spirally moulded pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire and ribband between moulded collars, in its parchment-covered wooden scabbard with silver locket and chape, the former punched with the retailer's details
82.3 cm; 32 3/8 in blade
£1500-2000
117.    AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LONDON, 1737, PROBABLY, JOHN (I) BENNETT
with German hollow-triangular blade, blued over the forte and inlaid with brass scrolls, silver hilt finely cast and chased in low relief comprising four differing fishing and hunting scenes on the shell-guard, globular quillons decorated with scrolls, a pair of moulded arms, knuckle-guard interrupted with an avian moulding, and pommel en suite with the knuckle-guard, the principle scenes all against a punched finely matted ground
70.0 cm; 27 1/2 in blade

John Bennett (1708/9-74) apprenticed to John Carman 1723, became free of the Cutlers' Company 1731, was elected to the court 1745, and is recorded as a hiltmaker in Threadneedle Street 1773.

£1200-1800
118.    A FRENCH SILVER-MOUNTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1780
with slender hollow-triangular bladed etched and gilt with scrolls on a blued panel over the forte, silver hilt (marks obscured), cast and chased in low relief, comprising oval shell-guard engraved with scrolling foliage on the outer face, the inner decorated with scrolls enriched with faceted beads in imitation of brilliants, quillon, knuckle-guard, ovoid pommel and integral grip all decorated with scrolls and beadwork en suite, in contemporary leather-covered wooden scabbard, perhaps the original, with silver locket, chape and middle-band all decorated with scrollwork
84.7 cm; 33 3/8 in blade £800-1000
119.    A NORTH EUROPEAN SMALL-SWORD WITH CHISELLED AND GILT HILT, CIRCA 1750
with associated hollow-triangular blade, iron hilt comprising double shell-guard chiselled with a foliate border enclosing a pattern of numerous minute expanded flower heads with a framework of gilt trellis on each face, a pair of arms decorated with gilt foliage, quillon, knuckle-guard and ovoid pommel all en suite with the guard and arms, and original grip bound with plaited wire and ribband decorated with gilt flower heads between 'Turk's Heads'
81.5 cm; 32 1/8 in blade

£500-700
120.    AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LONDON, CIRCA 1785
with hollow-triangular blade etched with scrolls over the forte, silver hilt cast and chased with faceted beads in imitation of brilliants, comprising oval openwork dish-guard decorated with a radiating design of foliage (date mark unclear), a pair of quillons with rounded terminals, a pair of slender arms, quillon-block centring on a star, knuckle-guard, and ovoid pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire and ribband between chased silver collars
82.5 cm; 32 1/2 in blade

A similar hilt, marked for London 1785-6, is illustrated Southwick 2001, colour plate 10.
£600-800
121.    A FRENCH SMALL-SWORD WITH CHISELLED AND GILT IRON HILT, CIRCA 1750
with tapering hollow-triangular blade etched with scrolls over the forte (light surface rust), iron hilt chiselled with scrolls and trophies-of-arms in low relief, comprising asymmetrical shell-guard, a pair of arms, quillon with globular terminal, knuckle-guard, ovoid pommel and the grip bound with plaited wire between 'Turk's Heads'
73.0 cm; 28 3/4 in blade £400-600
122.    AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LONDON 1728
with hollow-triangular blade, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief on a finely matted ground, comprising asymmetrical shell-guard decorated with trophies-of-artillery beneath a canopy supported by classical figures on the outside and further canopied trophies on the inside, globular quillon, knuckle-guard decorated with scrollwork and ovoid pommel en suite with the shell, and associated grip bound with plaited wire between silver collars
69.2 cm; 27 1/4 in blade
£450-550
123.    A CHISELLED AND GILT IRON BODKIN AND TWO PARTIAL SMALL-SWORD HILTS, FRENCH, MID-18TH CENTURY
the first with tapering spike threaded at the base, ovoid pommel decorated with frames filled with trophies surrounded by garlands, all on a matted and gilt ground; the second and third comprising the quillon, knuckle-guard, quillon-block and arms, one decorated with rococo shells, garlands and foliage and the other with foliage and figures in classical garb, on a punched gilt ground
the first: 8.0 cm; 3 1/8 in £300-400
124.    A RARE HUNTING SWORD WITH TORTOISESHELL-VENEERED HILT, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY GERMAN
with associated French blade, steel hilt chiselled with geometric ornament, including down-turned shell, moulded quillon with ovoid terminal, knuckle-guard interrupted by a faceted oval moulding, and swelling faceted grip entirely covered with tortoiseshell
77.5 cm; 30 in blade

A series of hunting swords with tortoiseshell-veneered grips are preserved in the Stibbert Musuem, Florence. £250-350
125.    A FRENCH SILVER-MOUNTED HUNTING SWORD, PARIS SMALL CHARGE MARK FOR 1762-8
with slightly curved blade double-edged towards the point, etched with a trophy-of-arms within an oval with scrollwork top and bottom on each side at the forte, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising a pair of recurved moulded quillons, spirally-moulded cap pommel, and dark-stained horn grip bound with silver wire and ribband
59.0 cm; 23 1/4 in blade

£300-400
126.    A GERMAN HUNTING SWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY
with slightly curved blade double-edged towards a clipped-back point, etched and gilt with trophies, the motto 'V.Pandur' and a hussar on a blued panel on each side (light wear), steel cross-piece formed with a moulded collar (knuckle-chain missing), moulded pommel-cap, and horn grip stained in imitation of tortoiseshell
50.0 cm; 19¾ in blade £250-350
127.    A MEDIEVAL SHORTSWORD, 15TH CENTURY
in excavated condition, with curved single-edged blade, iron hilt including a pair of asymmetrical drooping quillons, and retaining nine rivets for attaching the grips with nine engraved brass washers decorated with expanded rose heads
40.0 cm; 15 3/4 in blade

The vendor states that, by tradition, this was found on the site of the Battle of Towton (29th March 1461).
£400-600
128.    A MEDIEVAL DAGGER, CIRCA 1470-90, POSSIBLY ITALIAN
in excavated condition, with tapering double-edged blade with traces of three short fullers on each face, iron hilt comprising curved quillons with scrolling terminals, écusson, and near spherical pommel decorated with a scallop design on the front
30.5 cm; 12 in blade

For an Italian sword of related form see Oakeshott 1960 no. 21 (a).
£2000-3000
129.    A GERMAN CHISELLED IRON SCABBARD FOR A SMALL DAGGER, MID-17TH CENTURY
formed in one piece, of tapering circular section, decorated with rudimentary figurative designs and scrolls (patinated)
20.0 cm; 7 7/8 in £100-150
130.    A QUANTITY OF SWORD SCABBARDS, 18TH CENTURY
including two for hussar type swords, another with gilt brass locket and middle band, and seven further scabbards (losses, some in relic condition)
(10) £300-500
131.    A RARE ENGLISH PLUG BAYONET, DATED 1690
with tapering double-edged blade, stamped with a King's head mark on each face, one face with the copper-lined mark of the London Cutler's Company and a copper-lined 'T' mark, the forte inscribed 'God Save King William & Mary' and 'Nicholas Arnold 1690' with traces of gilding on the respective faces, moulded brass hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with helmeted warrior head terminals, cap pommel formed en suite, and turned wooden grip, in its tooled leather-covered wooden scabbard with brass mounts including a moulded hook at the front, and with a leather frog for attachment to a belt
29.0 cm; 11 3/8 in blade

Bayonets with inscriptions relating to King William and Queen Mary are notably rare. The mark is probably that of Gyles Lyndesy who became Free of the Cutler's Company in 1673, was granted this mark in 1678 and became a liveryman in 1678. A knife and fork and a hunting sword bearing his mark are in the Collections of the Worshipful Company of Cutlers. See Hinde and Herbert 2005, p. 52. Nicholas Arnold is probably the Officer who owned this bayonet.
£1200-1800
132.    ˜A RARE ITALIAN GUNNER'S STILETTO (FUESTTO DI BOMBARDIERE), MID-17TH CENTURY
with tapering blade of triangular section, engraved on the inner face with calibrated graduations from 1 to 120, moulded baluster-shaped forte, iron hilt formed of a pair of spirally moulded bud-shaped quillons and pommel en suite, spirally hippopotamus ivory grip inset with horn rondels and small pellets and bound with plaited wire, and a white metal collar top and bottom
22.7 cm; 9 in blade

For a discussion of Fuestto di Bombardiere see Mann 1931, pp. 46-50. £700-900
133.    ˜A SMALL KNIFE WITH IVORY GRIP, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY AND ANOTHER, 15TH CENTURY
both in excavated condition, the first with single-edged blade formed with a series of notches at the base, and spirally carved ivory grip (small age cracks); the second with single-edged blade extending into a tang and later wooden grips
the first: 17.2 cm; 6 3/4 in
(2) £120-180
134.    A COMPOSITE LEFT-HAND DAGGER, CIRCA 1660, PROBABLY FRENCH
with tapering double-edged blade of diamond-section, formed with a pair of pierced narrow fullers on each side of a pronounced medial ridge on each face (pitted), rectangular ricasso flattened for the thumb on the inside and grooved on the other side, iron hilt comprising quillons chiselled in the shape of cherubic figures, central cartouche containing a classical warrior on horseback, pommel decorated en suite with the guard, and later grip bound with spirally moulded plaited wire between 'Turk's Heads'
25.6 cm; 10 in blade

A very similar hilt of a small-sword, formerly part of the von Kienbusch Collection, is preserved in the Philadelphia Museum of Art. See Norman 1992, p.69.

Provenance
William Randolph Hearst
Paris Watson & Co., Inc., New York, sold to the City Art Museum of St Louis in 1939
Sold Sotheby's New York, 24th May 1993, lot 421 £1500-2000
135.    A 'HOLBEIN' DAGGER IN SWISS 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with broad double-edged blade of flattened-diamond section, iron hilt comprising guard and pommel respectively cast with masks and demi-figures, cast grip in imitation of plaited wire, in its openwork scabbard formed in two pieces and lined in wood, the outer faces decorated with Landskencht warriors in contemporary costume, and with traces of silvered finish
23.2 cm; 9 1/8 in blade

See Schneider 1976, pp. 154-155.
£600-800
136.    A BOWIE KNIFE BY WOODHEAD, HOWARD STREET, SHEFFIELD, MID-20TH CENTURY
with straight blade formed with a clipped-back point, etched 'I can dig gold from Quartz' and 'Californian Bowie Knife' (worn), German silver grip cast with foliage and palmette, and oval guard
18.2 cm; 7 1/4 in blade
£200-300
137.    SIX BAYONETS, 19TH CENTURY
comprising two Chassepot bayonets, both dated 1871; a Gras bayonet, dated 1878; and three further bayonets, two in their scabbards
the first: 57.5 cm; 22 5/8 in blade
(6) £100-120
138.    A DIVER'S KNIFE AND A GURKHA KUKRI KNIFE, 20TH CENTURY
the first with double-edged blade by Siebe Gorman & Co, turned wooden grip, in its threaded brass scabbard; the second of characteristic form, in its scabbard
the first: 17.0 cm; 6 3/4 in blade
(2)
£250-350
139.    TWO LEFT-HAND DAGGERS IN LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE, SPAIN, 20TH CENTURY
the first with pierced broad double-edged blade, iron hilt with drooping forward-canted quillons, side ring and faceted pommel all inlaid with gold flowers and scrolls within oval frames, in its scabbard with iron mounts en suite; the second with pierced fullered blade, iron hilt with drooping quillons, side-ring and pommel all decorated in gold with scrolling foliage and cherubic masks
the first: 27.7 cm; 11 in blade
(2) £300-400
140.    A BASKET-HILTED BACKSWORD, PROBABLY CARRIED BY AN OFFICER OF THE HIGHLAND SCOTTISH INFANTRY, CIRCA 1750-98
with broad blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a fuller over the greater part of its length, etched with scrolls of foliage, exotic birds, portrait profiles of Turks and commemorative inscriptions including the earlier date 1665, iron basket-hilt of fluted bars of near rectangular section including an alternating arrangement of near rectangular and square panels, each pierced with symmetrical arrangements of hearts and circles, with cusped borders and enriched with incised lines, scrolling quillon, fluted bun-shaped pommel, an early leather liner, and fishskin-covered grip bound with wire between 'Turk's heads'
92.8 cm; 36 ½ in blade
£1200-1800
141.    A BRITISH INFANTRY GRENADIER'S BASKET-HILTED HANGER OR SHORT SABRE, CIRCA 1750-70
with slightly curved fullered blade double-edged towards the point, stamped 'S. Harvey' on each face, iron three-quarter basket-hilt of flattened bars involving a series of heart, diamond and other shaped apertures, bun-shaped pommel, and fishskin-covered grip (binding missing)

From circa 1680 until 1856, each British infantry battalion contained a Grenadier company, selected from the tallest and strongest men in the battalion, formed on the right of the line when on parade and regarded as the elite of the battalion. The swords issued to Grenadiers often had basket-hilts, which not only symbolised their elite status but also gave extra protection to the right hands of the Grenadiers. Grenadiers were usually used as assault troops and so they could expect to become involved in desperate hand-to-hand combat, in which the basket-hilt functioned very well as a mailed fist.
£800-1200
142.    A BRITISH INFANTRY OFFICER'S SABRE WITH SILVER-GILT HILT BY GOLDNEYS, ST JAMES'S, LONDON, CIRCA 1795-96
with curved blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a shallow fuller on each face, etched and gilt on a blued panel over the lower third with trophies involving celestial motifs, silver-gilt stirrup hilt including a pair of langets, lionhead pommel, and wire-bound fishskin-covered grip, in its silver-gilt-mounted leather scabbard with locket, chape and band with loops for suspension, the locket engraved 'Goldneys, late Neild, St James's Street, Sword Cutlers to his Royl. Highness the Prince of Wales' and stamped with the maker's mark HF
81.0 cm; 31 7/8 in blade

Sabres became popular with flank company officers of British infantry regiments in the 1790s and were ultimately officially recognised as the swords of such officers in 1803.

The firm of Goldneys - a partnership between the brothers Thomas (1769-1856) and Samuel (1770-1843) Goldney - took over the premises of James Neild (1744-1814) at 4 St. James's Street in 1793 and continued in business until 1828; the firm was noted as prominent Royal sword cutlers.
£1000-1500
143.    AN 1822 PATTERN INFANTRY OFFICER'S SWORD FOR AN OFFICER OF MILITIA BY HAMBURGER ROGERS & CO., COVENT GARDEN, LONDON, CIRCA 1845-70
with regulation blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a single fuller over two thirds of its length, etched with 'VR' crowned and with maker's details, silver-plated hilt with folding side-guard and wire-bound fishskin-covered grip, in its silver-plated scabbard (one side tarnished) with loops for suspension
82.4 cm; 32 ½ in blade

The silver-plating of the hilt and scabbard suggests that it may have been owned by an officer of Militia. After 1830, officers of regiments of Militia wore uniforms embellished with silver lace.

Hamburger Rogers & Co. was at 30 King Street, Covent Garden, London, from 1836 until 1917.
£250-300
144.    ˜A SILVER-HILTED OFFICER'S SPADROON, PROBABLY FRANCIS THURKLE, LONDON, 1778
with slightly curved blade double-edged towards the tip, etched and gilt with foliage and trophies on a blued panel over the lower half of a long fuller on each face (light wear), silver hilt comprising circular quillon, outer guard, knuckle-guard, cushion-shaped pommel and reeded ivory grip (small chips), in its silver-mounted leather scabbard (light wear, small holes) with locket and chape (detached), the former with a single ring for suspension
80.2 cm; 31 5/8 in blade
£600-800
145.    A GEORGIAN OFFICER'S SWORD, BY GIBSON, THOMAS & CRAIGS, LATE 18TH CENTURY
with curved fullered blade double-edged towards the point, etched and gilt with foliage, the crowned Royal Arms, the maker's details on one face and the crowned Royal cypher and further foliage on the other, brass stirrup hilt with wire-bound banded grip, in its brass-mounted leather-scabbard
63.0 cm; 24 3/4 in blade

£300-400
146.    AN HISTORIC 1853 PATTERN BRITISH CAVALRY TROOPER'S SWORD APPLIED WITH A PLAQUE RECORDING ITS DISCOVERY ON THE BATTLE FIELD OF BALACLAVA BY THE EARL OF GLASGOW IN 1891
of regulation type, with slightly curved blade double-edged towards the point, iron triple-bar hilt, and leather grip-scales, and the knuckle-guard fitted with a silver plaque engraved 'Found by the Earl of Glasgow on the Field of Balaclava 1891'
89.5 cm; 35 1/4 in blade £500-800
147.    ˜A VICTORIAN 10TH (PRINCE OF WALES' OWN) HUSSAR OFFICER'S SWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY
with etched blade decorated with scrolling foliage, 'VR' crowned, regimental details, battle honours for Peninsula and Waterloo and the maker's details 'Wheeler, & Robinson, 9 Prince's Street, Hanover Square London' (small areas of pitting), gilt-brass hilt including straight quillons with moulded terminals, a pair of ivory grip-scales retained by rosette washers, in its plated iron scabbard
82.0 cm; 32 3/8 in blade

£450-600
148.    A 1796 PATTERN INFANTRY OFFICER'S SWORD AND AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), 19TH CENTURY
the first of regulation type, with etched blade signed 'J. J. Runkel Solingen' (pitted), gilt-brass hilt with folding side-guard (grip loose); the second with curved single-edged blade double-edged towards the point, and hilt of characteristic form
the first: 82.2 cm; 32 3/8 in blade
(2) £200-300
149.    A VICTORIAN 1845 PATTERN INFANTRY OFFICER'S SWORD, 19TH CENTURY
of regulation type, with etched blade, brass hilt, wire-bound fishskin-covered grip (small losses), in its iron scabbard
82.0 cm; 32 1/4 in blade
£80-120
150.    A RARE FRENCH REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD DRAGOON TROOPER'S SWORD, CIRCA 1785
with tapering single-edged blade formed with a pair of full-length fullers on each face, brass hilt formed of a recurved outer-guard with three scrolling terminals, the upper two joining the knuckle-guard and with a further bar at the base formed as fasces surmounted by a Phrygian cap, cusped quillon, cap pommel, the guard stamped 'MA 1834' on the underside of the reverse, and later leather-covered grip bound with plaited wire, in its original leather scabbard with steel locket and chape, the former with brass stud for suspension and the former with shaped drag
97.1 cm; 38 1/4 in blade

See Ariès 4,1967, fig. 1.
£1200-1500
151.    A FRENCH ANXI LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER'S SWORD
with curved blade double-edged towards the tip, formed with a long fuller, etched and gilt with trophies, garlands and foliage on a blued panel at the forte and signed 'S & K' for Schitzler and Kirschbaum of Solingen, brass triple-bar hilt with down-curved globular quillon, a pair of elliptical langets, and original leather-covered wooden grip with plaited brass wire binding (worn)
84.5 cm; 33 1/4 in blade

£600-800
152.    A FRENCH DRAGOON SWORD, CIRCA 1800
with straight blade double-edged towards the point and formed with a long broad fuller on each face, brass hilt with large palmette guard joined to the knuckle-guard by four scrolling bars, solid scalloped inner-guard, globular quillon, cap pommel, numbered '331' beneath and the inside of the guard engraved '737', and the grip with an early leather covering (binding missing)
92.3 cm; 36 3/8 in blade
£900-1100
153.    A FRENCH MODEL MODEL AN XI CAVALRY SWORD, DATED 1855
of regulation type, with fullered blade double-edged at the point, the back-edge dated and with Châtellerault aresenal inscription, regulation brass hilt, leather-bound grip (wire binding missing), in its iron scabbard
96.0 cm; 37 3/4 in blade
£300-400
154.    **A SPANISH DRESS EPEE BY, TRADITION PRESENTED TO GENERAL JOHN H. EATON AS ENVOY EXTRAORDINARY AND MINISTER PLENIPOTENTIARY TO SPAIN (1836-1840) BY MARIA CHRISTINA OF SPAIN AS REGENT FOR HER DAUGHTER, THE FUTURE ISABELLA II, THE BLADE DATED 1837
with tapering double-edged blade of flattened-hexagonal section, stamped 'Ano D 1837' and 'Fa Ntl Di Toledo' on the respective faces at the forte, gilt-brass hilt cast with classical ornament in low relief, including oval shell-guard decorated with the Iberian eagle flanked by classical figures, quillon-block with the letter 'F' for Ferdinand' enclosed in a laurel wreath, a pair of straight quillons, knuckle-guard and pommel, and integral grip all decorated en suite, in its blued iron scabbard (now oxidised to brown) with gilt-brass suspensions mounts and drag
76.8 cm; 30 1/4 in blade

Provenance
By tradition presented to General John H. Eaton when Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Spain (1836-1840) by Maria Christina of Spain (when Regent for her daughter, the future Isabella II); thence to his friend and physician Dr William B. Magruder; thence to his brother Colonel James A. Magruder, a personal friend of General Grant, who wore the sword on full dress occasions including the funeral of President Lincoln, thence by descent to

Mrs. Millicent Magruder Nichols, Massachusetts who gifted the sword to Dumbarton House in 1967.

John Henry Eaton (1790-1856), was born in Halifax near the town of Scotland Neck, North Carolina. He attended University North Carolina 1802-1804, where he studied law and was admitted to the bar commencing practice in Franklin. In 1808 or 1809 he moved to Franklin, in Williamson County, Tennessee, to take up residence on lands owned by his father. Here he met his future wife, Myra Lewis, who with her sister were the wards of General Andrew Jackson. Eaton's marriage thus brought him further wealth and also an opening into a political career. In 1818 Eaton was appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of George W. Campbell; at the end of the term he was elected as a Democrat. Eaton served in the Senate from 1818-1829, when he resigned to become secretary of war in President Jackson's cabinet remaining there until June 1831. In 1834 Jackson appointed him governor of the Territory of Florida, and in 1836 envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to Madrid. The latter appointment he held until 1840.

£600-800
155.    A GERMAN OFFICER'S DEGEN, MID-18TH CENTURY
with tapering double-edged blade inscribed with the spurious date and the running wolf of Solingen on each face, gilt-brass hilt with boatshell-guard, a pair of quillons, knuckle-guard, pommel, and solid grip all decorated with writhen designs and rococo ornament
80.0 cm; 31 1/2 in blade

£200-250
156.    A GERMAN ARTILLERY OFFICER'S SWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY
of regulation type, with polished blade, regulation brass hilt cast with crossed cannon on the langets, in its scabbard with two suspension rings
79.0 cm; 31 1/8 in blade

£100-150
157.    A CENTRAL EUROPEAN MACE, 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY HUNGARIAN
with pear-shaped head of sixteen wedge-shaped flanges, moulded terminal, long tapering socket, and later haft pierced for a thong
58.5 cm; 23 in overall

For another example in the Hungarian National Museum, see Kovács 2016, p. 97 no. 33. This group, and its spread across Central and South Eastern Europe, is discussed by Popov 2015, pp. 82-85. £1500-2500
158.    **AN ITALIAN BEC-DE-CORBIN FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL IN THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with three-pronged claw-shaped head, leaf-shaped terminal spike, rear spike, writhen haft fitted with a belt hook, and the grip incorporating a disc top and bottom
70.0 cm; 27 5/8 in overall £1800-2200
159.    A LUCERNE HAMMER, IN SWISS 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with long tapering terminal spike, head of four flaring spikes with stout down-turned rear spike, a pair of long straps (head rusted), on a wooden haft
47.0 cm; 18 1/2 in head
£200-300
160.    A LOCAHABER AXE IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY, A HALBERD AND A BILL 19TH CENTURY
the first with flat head extending to a tapering terminal blade, curved forward edge with characteristic bill hook at the top (head pitted), on a wooden haft; the second with slender terminal spike, small axe-blade and down-curved spike, on a wooden haft, and the third with engraved back-edge incorporating an additional rear spike, tapering socket, and wooden haft
the first: 52.2 cm; 20 1/2 in head
(3) £250-350
161.    A RARE GERMAN ETCHED DOUBLE HALBERD FOR THE GUARD OF JOHANN SIGISMUND, MARGRAF OF BRANDENBURG, DATED 1609
with long tapering terminal blade of flattened-diamond section, asymmetrical double axe-head of 'bat-wing' form, pierced with heart-shaped apertures and circles, etched on each face with a warrior profile, a mounted figure holding a falcon, the crowned coat-of arms enclosed by an inscription on the terminal blade, a warriors heads beneath, and scrolling leafy tendrils on the head, one face struck with a mark, on a wooden haft
66.0 cm; 26 in head

The inscription reads 'VON GOTTES GNADEN JOHANS SIGISMUNDT MARGGRAF ZU BRANDENBURG UND CHURFURST IN PREUSSEN HERZOG ZU GULICH CLEVE BERG STETIN POMMERN DER CASSUBEN UND WENDEN HERTZOGK 1609. Another halberd from this group, struck with the same mark, is preserved in the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin. See Müller and Kölling 1990, no. 258

Johann Sigismund Elector of Brandenburg ((1572-1620, Elector from 1608) united his domain with that of Prussia through his marriage in 1594 to Anna, daughter of Albert Frederick of Prussia. He became duke of Prussia in 1618 and through his mother-in-law acquired rights over the Rhenish territories of Jülich, Cleves, and Berg following the Treaty of Xanten in 1614.
£3500-4500
162.    A RARE GERMAN ETCHED HALBERD FOR THE GUARD OF THE ABBEY OF WERDEN AND HELMSTÄDT IN THE DIOCESE OF COLOGNE, DATED 1592
with tapering terminal spike swelling towards the base, of hollow-diamond section and formed with a pair of basal lugs, recurved axe-blade pierced with a rosette formation of holes, formed with a central spike, down-curved rear fluke pierced en suite and with an additional lug top and bottom, etched over the greater part of its surface with strapwork frames and scrolling leafy tendrils on a stippled ground, with the arms of the Abbey, issuant figures playing trumpets, the figure of Justice a further angelic figure and the pious inscription 'Tale a Te' and 'o male a me', and the rear fluke dated on each face, tapering conical socket, a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft
59.0 cm; 23 ¾ in head
£2500-3500
163.    A RARE GERMAN PARTISAN, FOR THE GUARD OF THE PRINCE ARCHBISHOP OF WURZBURG, 17TH CENTURY, PERHAPS JULIUS ECHTER OF MESPELBRUNN
with broad terminal blade of flattened-diamond section formed with a pair of broad basal lugs and moulded beneath, tapering faceted socket, and etched on each face with a ground of scrolling foliage on a stippled ground, the basal lugs decorated with trophies-of-arms, one face with an issuant monster above the figure of St John holding a chalice, and the other with the Bishop's arms, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft
62.5 cm; 24 5/8 in head

Julius Echter von Mespelbrunn (1545-1617) was a major figure in the German Counter-Reformation. He became Prince-Bishop of Wurzburg in 1573 at the age of 28, and was an energetic ruler, building churches, reforming the administration of justice, founding a university and establishing primary schools. He banned Lutheran preachers and promoted the ministry of the Jesuits in his province. £2500-3000
164.    AN AUSTRIAN ETCHED PARTISAN FOR THE GUARD OF EMPEROR CHARLES VI, DATED 1732
with broad central blade of flattened-diamond section formed with two basal lugs, etched 'CAROLUS' above the crowned Imperial double eagle, a trophy-of arms enclosing the inscription 'CONSTANTIA ET FORTITUDINE' on one face and with the inscription 'WO LIEB UND TRUE IN EINEN LAND BENIMBIDE FEIND DIE OBER HAND', and a trophy-of-arms with a central panel filled by fortress on the other, moulded tapering socket, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft
33.5 cm; 13 ¼ in head


£1500-2500
165.    AN AUSTRIAN ETCHED PARTISAN FOR A SENIOR OFFICER OF THE IMPERIAL ARMY, DATED 1701
with broad central blade formed with a pair of basal lugs, etched on one face with the crowned Imperial double eagle above a trophy-of-arms, and on the other with a further trophy and a crested coat-of-arms, moulded socket etched with a further trophy-of-arms and with the inscription 'Maximilliamis de Fanz a Rittersburg Rom Kaiser Obrist Lieutenant und Guard Hauptman', on a wooden haft
37.0 cm; 14 1/2 in head

Provenance
Mark Dineley

£1200-1800
166.    AN ENGLISH PARTISAN FOR THE GUARD OF QUEEN ELIZABETH II (1956, 1952-)
with tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section, the base of broad crescentic form incorporating two pairs of very short lugs, threaded base, moulded brass socket, large pierced brass collar, the head etched and gilt with the Royal arms above the Royal cypher 'EiiR' on a blued panel on each face, on its original wooden haft with brass shoe, and green tassel, and in good condition throughout
54.0 cm; 21 1/4 in head
£400-600
167.    A PARTISAN, LATE 19TH CENTURY
with tapering terminal blade of flattened diamond-section, the base of broad crescentic form incorporating two pairs of short straight ribbon-like lugs, plain tapering socket (head rusted), on a wooden haft
65.8 cm; 25 7/8 in head
£300-400
168.    A GERMAN HALBERD, MID-16TH CENTURY
with long terminal spike of diamond-section, forward-leaning axe-blade, triangular rear pean pierced with a vertical arrangement of four holes, and a pair of shortened straps (areas of pitting, small cracks and laminations), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
53.0 cm; 20 7/8 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz £600-800
169.    A GERMAN HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with long terminal spike of diamond-section, curved axe-blade pierced with a group of five holes and two further holes, pierced rear pean, and a pair of long straps (areas of pitting), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
90.0 cm; 35 1/2 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz £600-800
170.    A NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY
with long terminal spike of diamond-section, curved axe-blade pierced with a group of three holes in the centre, rear pean pierced with a vertical arrangement of three holes and struck with mark, in a rondel the letters 'HL' and a pellet, and a pair of long straps (areas of pitting), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
70.0 cm; 27 1/2 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz £600-800
171.    A HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY, GERMAN OR STYRIAN
with long terminal spike of diamond-section, curved axe-blade pierced with a group of five holes in the centre and two further groups of three holes each decorated with a crescent, pierced rear pean, and a pair of long straps (areas of pitting), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
62.5 cm; 24 5/8 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz £600-800
172.    A GERMAN HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY,
with long terminal spike of diamond-section, angular axe-blade (top re-shaped) pierced with a group of seven holes in the centre and two further groups of three holes, pierced rear pean, and a pair of long straps (areas of pitting), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
77.5 cm; 30 1/2 in blade

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz £600-800
173.    A NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY/EARLY 18TH CENTURY
with leaf-shaped terminal blade formed with a medial ridge, curved axe-blade, rear pean with an additional up-turned lug, tapering socket, a pair of straps (areas of pitting), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
39.5 cm; 15 1/2 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz £600-800
174.    A NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY
with leaf-shaped terminal blade formed with a medial ridge, curved axe-blade, rear pean with an additional up-turned lug, tapering faceted socket, a pair of straps (areas of pitting, axe-blade repaired), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
41.0 cm; 16 1/8 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz £600-800
175.    A NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY
with leaf-shaped terminal blade formed with a medial ridge, curved axe-blade pierced with three groups of holes, pierced rear pean with an additional up-turned lug, tapering faceted socket, a pair of straps (areas of pitting), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
43.2 cm; 17 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz £600-800
176.    A NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY
with leaf-shaped terminal blade formed with a medial ridge, curved axe-blade formed with an additional lug top and bottom, down-curved rear pean struck with a mark on one face, tapering faceted socket, and a pair of straps (areas of pitting, small repairs), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
43.5 cm; 17 1/8 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz £600-800
177.    A NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY
with leaf-shaped terminal blade formed with a medial ridge, curved axe-blade (small chips top and bottom), rear pean with an additional up-turned lug, tapering faceted socket, a pair of straps (areas of pitting), on a long moulded wooden haft with tassel
39.2 cm; 15 1/2 in head

Provenance
Schloss Ramholz
£600-800
178.    A GERMAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with central spike of diamond section, forward leaning slightly curved axe-blade pierced with a slipped trefoil and cut with cusps on the rear edges, rear spike stamped with a mark on one side and pierced and cusped en suite, and a pair of long straps, on a later wooden haft
49.5 cm; 19 in head £400-600
179.    STYRIAN HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with tapering terminal spike, small curved axe-blade pierced with three groups of holes (cracked), rear spike struck with a mark, a pair of long straps (head rusted), on a later wooden haft fitted with an additional pair of straps
45.5 cm; 18 in head £250-350
180.    A GERMAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with broad leaf-shaped blade formed with a medial ridge, the lower portion of the axe-blade formed with a small cusp (the remainder removed), plain rear fluke, faceted tapering socket, on a later wooden haft
41.0 cm; 16 in head £250-300
181.    AN ITALIAN CORSECA, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with long tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section recessed at the base to a trapezoidal panel, a single curved basal lug of tapering diamond section (the other lug missing), faceted socket, and a pair of short straps, on a later wooden haft
72.0 cm; 28 3/8 in head £300-400
182.    A RARE SPEAR, LATE 15TH CENTURY, PROBABLY GERMAN
formed of a long tapering spike of square-section, the base incorporating four stout spikes, conical socket with a pair of roped latten collars, and a single short strap (one strap missing, the base chipped), on a later wooden haft
97.5 cm; 38 3/8 in head £500-800
183.    **A CONTINENTAL MILITARY PARTISAN, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with double-edged terminal blade formed with a reinforced tip, the base with a pair of broad lugs pierced on each side (one slightly bent), etched on each face with a crowned double eagle charged with a shield per bend sinister sable or, molded socket, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft (in two pieces)
37.5 cm; 14 3/4 in head £150-200
184.    **A COMPOSITE CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR, MAINLY ITALIAN, 16TH AND EARLY 17TH CENTURIES WITH ETCHED AND GILT DECORATION OF THE 19TH CENTURY IN THE EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE
comprising German close helmet of the second quarter of the 16th century, with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low medial comb (split at its rear), and associated visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to it by common pivots (replaced), the forward-projecting visor pierced beneath a pair of stepped vision-slits with several small ventilation-holes and slots, and a pair of large sub-rectangular apertures closed by later horizontal and vertical bars, the prow-shaped upper bevor pierced at each side with numerous ventilation-holes and slots, and fitted at the right of the chin with a sliding catch to engage a notch cut in the face-opening of the lower bevor, the latter fitted at the same side with a swivel-hook to engage a pierced stud (in both cases replaced) on the skull, the hollowed lower edges of the skull and lower bevor restored; collar of two lames front and rear (restored using old plates); breastplate formed of a main plate of early 'peascod' fashion, fitted at each of its arm-openings with a moveable gusset and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of one centrally-divided lame (restored), supporting on paired straps and buckles (replaced) long tassets each of nine lames (the first of the left associated and the fifth of the right patched at its centre) terminating in winged poleyns (the lowest two of the left associated and reworked); one-piece backplate with an outward-flanged lower edge; large symmetrical pauldrons, each of seven lames (the sixth of the left patch at its front end, the third of the right patched at its centre rear and the lowest four of the right associated), and connected by a turner (that of the left patched at its upper end, and that of the right restored), to fully articulated tubular vambraces with winged bracelet couters each of three lames; fingered gauntlets each with a flared and obtusely-pointed tubular cuff (the right lacking its outer lower corner), four metacarpal-plates (the second of the left patched at its outer end), a shaped knuckle-plate, and scaled finger- and thumb-defences; and tubular greaves (restored) each cut at its lower end with an arch to accommodate an integral round-toed sabaton of eight lames; the main edges of the armour formed with inward turns, mostly file-roped, and its surfaces etched with an overall pattern of imbricated architectural arches enclosing crowned eagles and lions on a stippled ground and retaining traces of gilding (some chipping, cracking and holing throughout; and the surface worn, patinated and tarnishing overall)

See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands.

Provenance
Nosely Hall, Leicestershire
Sold Sotheby's, 28 September 1998, lot 17

The decoration of the armour was probably inspired by that of an Italian armour made for Count Annabile Capodilista about 1620, which was purchased for the Tower of London Armouries in 1840 (now numbered II. 192), following its use by the 'Guard Attendant of the Queen of Beauty" in the Eglinton Tournament of the previous year. See Blair 1969, pp. 22-7, pls 5 & 6. £8000-12000
185.    A HIGHLY RARE AND IMPORTANT ENGLISH JACK OF PLATE, CIRCA 1580-90
formed of small overlapping square plates of iron with cropped corners, secured by lines of diagonal, vertical, or in some cases horizontal, stitches of crossbow twine through holes at their centres between the inner and outer layers of a fabric doublet of 'peascod' fashion with a frontal opening situated slightly to the left of centre and originally closed by laces passing through pairs of reinforced holes, an upstanding collar devoid, like the edges of the arm-openings, of plates, and a short skirt, the whole enclose between two outer layers of fine linen canvas covered with modern nylon netting and overlying felted woven wool on the outside and a coarser canvas on the inside of the garment, and decorated with white woollen tufts at the intersections of the stitches (the outer fabric partly discoloured, worn through at points and split at the shoulders and some other points; and the plates in some cases patinated to a green colour)
72.0 cm; 28⅜? in

Provenance
Sir William ffarindon, Worden Hall, Lancashire (sold by auction 1948)
A private English collection

Literature
Alexander de Cosson & William Burgess, 'Catalogue of the Exhibition of Ancient Helmets and Examples of Mail', Archaeological Journal, Vol. XXXVII, 1881, p. 591.
Ian Eaves, 'On the Remains of a Jack of Plate Excavated from Beeston Castle in Cheshire', Journal of the Arms and Armour Society, Vo. XIII, no. 2, September 1989, p. 137, n. 29)

The jack of plate - sometimes referred to in contemporary documents as a 'steel coat', a 'plate coat' or a 'coat of plate' - was a uniquely British defence first recognisably mentioned in English and Scottish records of the second quarter of the 16th century (Eaves 1989, pp. 85-6 & 144, n. 48), p. 145, n. 52). The inventory of the holdings of the Office of the Armouries taken on the death of Henry VIII in 1547 mentions 'a Northerne Jack covered with lynnen' and three 'Northern Jackes made of Canvas and plate' (Harold A. Dillon, 'Arms and Armour at Westminster, the Tower and Greenwich', Archaeologia, Vol. LI, 1888, pp. 52 & 57).

Although defences of this kind ceased to be manufactured towards the end of the 16th century (Eaves 1989, p.86 & 148, n. 60), their use persisted into the early years of the following century. In 1622 some forty examples were issued from the Armouries of the Tower of London for use in America by the Virginia Company (Eaves 1986, p. 86 & 148, n. 61).

William Harrison in his description of England first published in 1577, observed that 'Our armour …consisteth of corselets, almaine riverets, shirtes of mayle, Jacke quilted over wyth leather, fustian or canuas ouer thicke plates of yron that are sewed into the same, and of which there is no towne or village that hath not hir conuenient furniture (in Ralph Holinshead, The First Volume of the Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland, London, 1557, f. 86v).

Today, however, only sixteen more or less complete jacks of plate are preserved worldwide. Aside from the example offered here, eight (only five of which are complete) can be recorded in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, one in the British Museum, London, one in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, one in the Royal Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh, one in Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, one in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, one in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg, and one in the Schweizerisches Landesmuseum, Zurich (Eaves 1989, pp. 135-7, n. 22-6 & 2). Of these, only the last two along one of those in the Royal Armouries and that recently acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum (Thomas Del Mar Ltd, 7 Dec. 2016, lot 51), have their frontal openings offset to one side of centre as on the present lot.

The present lot together with the examples now in the Royal Armouries and the Victoria and Albert Museum formed part of a collection assembled at Worden Hall, Lancashire, by Sir William ffarington (c. 1704-81) sometime after 1765. They are unlikely to have formed part of the Hall's indigenous armoury which was sequestered by Parliament in 1643 (Susan Maria ffarington, The ffarington Papers, Chetham Society, 1856, p. 93), although it was said that one of the three did service, together with a helmet and other pieces, as part of a funeral achievement eventually removed from the ffarington Chapel in Leyland Church in 1816 (De Cosson & Burgess 1881, p. 591). The collection was in due course added to by Miss Susan ffarington in the 19th century. An 18th century inventory of it is preserved in New Zealand while three 19th century ones, dating from 1846 to circa 1870 are privately preserved in England, and refer to '3 Brigandine Jackets (for Bowmen. (Elizn'.

A drawing of what is almost certainly one of these jacks is preserved in a manuscript catalogue prepared by the late 18th century Manchester antiquary Thomas Barritt and now preserved in the Manchester City Library (Ancient Armour and Weapons in the Possession of Thos Barrit 1793). The catalogue shows objects both in his own collection and of others that he visited in the north of England. He describes the jack as 'A Bigantine jacket quilted within with square pieces of iron about an inch in diameter and sliding over each other like the scales of fishes, and covered over with strong linen'.

One of the Worden jacks (probably that now in the Royal Armouries Museum, inv. No. III.1884) was lent by Miss ffarington to the Exhibition of Ancient Helmets and Examples of Mail held in the rooms of the British Archaeological Association in 1881 (De Cosson & Burgess 1881, cat. no. 49, p.591)

The collection was sold by a local auctioneer in 1948. The purchaser of the three jacks subsequently lent them to Rufford Old Hall, Lancashire. One of them in due course passed to a private collection in the USA but was in 1982 acquired by the Royal Armouries, H.M. Tower of London, while that now in the Victoria and Albert Museum and that offered here had from some time before 1981 been sent for conservation to the North Western Museum and Art Gallery Service at Blackburn, Lancashire."

At some time before 1981 it was sent for conservation to the North Western Museum and Art Gallery Service at Blackburn, Lancashire, where it was enclosed within protective nylon netting. £5000-7000
186.    A CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR WITH ETCHED DECORATION IN THE ITALIAN STYLE OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY
comprising close helmet with two-piece skull joined along the crest of a low medial comb, and a peak, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to it by common pivots, the upper bevor cut at each side of its upper edge of with a broad trapezoidal notch serving as a vision-slit, and pieced at each side with seven circular ventilation-holes in rosette-formation, the upper and lower bevors each secured at their right sides by swivel-hooks and pierced studs, and a pair of gorget-plates front and rear; collar of two lames front and rear; one-piece breastplate of 'deep-bellied' form, flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of two lames cut at the centre of its lower edge with a shallow arch separating a pair of pendent tassets each of five lames worn over a skirt of butted mail; one-piece backplate with an outward-flanged lower edge; large symmetrical pauldrons, each of five lames (the left partly disarticulated), connected by turners to fully articulated tubular vambraces with winged bracelet couters each of five lames; fingered gauntlets with long pointed tubular cuffs; gutter-shaped cuisses terminating in winged poleyns each of three lames; tubular greaves each articulated once at their lower ends and fitted with integral sabatons with pointed toe-caps, each of seven lames; and a circular steel target rising at its centre to a quadrangular spike and fitted at its rear with a pair of leather enarmes; all parts etched on a blackened ground between plain bands and borders with scrolling foliage and flower-heads inhabited by mythical beasts; the armour mounted on a wooden stand with a rectangular base and accompanied by a sword with tapering two-edged blade, transversely-grooved kite-shaped pommel, straight quillons flaring to trefoil terminals and leather-covered wooden grip (tarnished and lightly patinated overall)

Bernadette and William M.B. Berger, Denver, Colorado £3500-5000
187.    A COMPOSITE GERMAN THREE-QUARTER FIELD ARMOUR, MID- TO LATE 16TH CENTURY, THE BREASTPLATE STRUCK WITH THE MARK OF PAUL MEITINGER OF INNSBRUCK
comprising burgonet formed of a one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb, projecting forward to a short obtusely-pointed peak struck at its front edge with the ownership mark of the Austrian Landesfürstliches Zeughaus, fitted at its rear with an obtusely-pointed one-piece neck-guard (right articulating rivet loose), and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (the distal end of each hinge replaced) flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard, pierced at its centre with seven small circular ventilation-holes arranged in rosette formation and fitted at its front edge with a buff leather loop (replaced) to receive a tie; 'almain' collar of three lames front and rear, the lowest front one struck with the same ownership mark as the burgonet, giving issue at either side to an integral spaudler of six downward-overlapping lames; breastplate of late 'peascod' form struck at the centre of its shallow neck-opening with the maker's initials P M (the first initial partly worn) of Paul Meitinger of Innsbruck and fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets, and at its outward-flanged lower edge with a fauld of two lames, the lowest cut with a shallow arch over the crotch and bearing a pair of detachable tassets (not a pair) each of seven lames, extending to just above the knees; one-piece backplate shaped to the shoulders and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a culet of one lame; vambraces (not a pair) each formed of a tubular upper and lower cannon (the inner plate of the right lower cannon corroded at its front edge) articulated to one another by a winged couter of three lames; the main edges of the armour decorated with roped inward turns, those of the vambraces accompanied by recessed borders on a ground originally black from the hammer (the armour showing some pitting and wear overall)

See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands.

The records show Paul Meitinger, the maker of the breastplate, to have been active in Innsbruck in the period 1544-80. In 1554-8 he was employed by the Imperial Zeughaus to make infantry armours. Further contracts were obtained by him in 1562-5, 1573 and 1576. He also made armours for the Jesuits of Halle in 1580. Further breastplates and backplates bearing his mark are to be found in the Hofjagd- und Rüstkammer, Vienna, Inv.Nos A 403 & 407, the collections of Schloss Ambrass, near Innsbruck, Inv. Nos WA 223 & 331, and the Museo Stibbert, Florence, Inv. No. 2367. See Thomas & Gamber 1954, pp. 87 & 105, pl. 83). £6000-8000
188.    TWO MINIATURE ARMOURS IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 20TH CENTURY
the first with visored close-helmet, etched cuirass applied with the crowned double-eagle of the Holy Roman Empire, a pair of full arm-defences with fingered gauntlets, a pair of full leg defences with pointed sabatons, decorated throughout with etched scrolling foliage complete with a halberd (tip chipped, areas of wear overall); the second similar, plain, with a sword, each on an elaborate wooden stand in art deco style incorporating a hinged front concealing a drinks cabinet
the first: 167.0 cm; 65 3/4 in high including halberd £500-700
189.    A MINIATURE CAP-A-PIE ARMOUR WITH ETCHED DECORATION IN THE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
of steel, comprising close helmet with two-piece combed skull, pivoted visor and bevor, the former pierced with ventilation-holes, and a single fixed gorget-plate front and rear; breastplate and backplate, each of one plate, the former medially ridged and fitted at its lower edge with a skirt, one-piece tassets and flat codpiece; large symmetrical pauldrons connected by turners to three-piece vambraces with winged couters (the left perforated at the point of the elbow); full legharness with winged poleyns and integral articulated sabatons; the front of the armour etched overall with scrolling foliage on a blackened ground involving, at the centre of the breastplate, with an escutcheon charged with a rampant lion and shield; on a wooden stand with a black-painted wooden base
52.0 cm; 20½ in £400-600
190.    A COMPOSITE NORTH EUROPEAN PIKEMAN'S ARMOUR, IN MID-17TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY
comprising pot with one-piece egg-shaped crown fitted within its lower edge with a separate slightly down-turned brim and at each side with a pendent scutiform cheek-piece; one-piece medially-ridged breastplate with V-shaped waist-line, fitted at each side of the chest with a swivel-hook and pierced stud to secure the shoulder-straps of the backplate, and at each side of the waist with restraining-hooks for its waist-belt, its lower end formed with a deep flange supporting on a pair of hinges at each side a one-piece trapezoidal tasset embossed to simulate five lames and decorated with round-headed rivets; and one-piece backplate with straight lower edge, fitted to either side of its neck-opening with a scaled shoulder-strap (detached, its leathers replaced) and to either side of its lower end with a waist-belt (replaced); the neck-opening of the breastplate and backplate each struck with a trio of dots; the main edges of the armour formed with plain inward turns accompanied by recessed or engraved borders (the whole painted black over a partly oxidised surface) £1000-1500
191.    A FINE AND IMPORTANT NORTH ITALIAN LEFT CHEEK-PIECE OF A BURGONET WITH EMBOSSED AND DAMASCENED DECORATION, MILANESE, CIRCA 1580, PROBABLY FROM THE ATELIER OF LUCIO MARLIANI, CALLED PICCININO
of sub-rectangular form, cut away in a diagonal line at the rear of its upper edge and pierced there with two holes, one occupied by a brass-capped rivet, for the attachment of an internal hinge that formerly connected it to the sides of a burgonet, cut at the front of the same edge with a shallow notch to accommodate the rear of the burgonet's peak, flanged outwards at the rear of its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the latter's neck-guard, and projecting downwards at the front of the same edge where it is fitted with a brass-capped rivet for the attachment of a chin-strap, its front and lower rear edges turned inwards and decorated with roping indicated by gilt diagonal lines, its surface finely embossed, engraved and damascened in gold on a blued ground with a classical warrior at its centre standing before a city, intertwined serpents in the flange of its lower edge, and a helmet and shield in the downward projection of the front of its lower edge, all enclosed within strapwork damascened with delicate running scrollwork
15.0 cm; 5⅞ in high x 10.6 cm; 4¼ in wide

The cheek-piece is probably from the atelier of the Milanese armourer Lucio Marliani, called Piccinino, who decorated armour based on the designs of Andrea Casalini of Parma. His work is identifiable from the signature LUCIO/IÇR jointly representing himself and his assistant Gerolamo Assi, occurring on a saddle-steel in the Muzeum Narodowe, Cracow, inv. no. XIV -412. Paolo Morigia, in his Nobilità di Milano of 1595, praised Lucio Piccinino both for his relief work in iron and silver and his damascening, noting that he had made costly armours for Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma, and other princes. The Duke of Parma's armour is thought to be that preserved in the Hofjagd- und Rustkammer, Vienna, inv. nos A 1132, 1153 & 1153a-b. The cheek-piece offered here closely resembles in form that of the Duke's burgonet. The warrior decorating its centre and the intertwined serpents decorating its lower edge can be compared with similar subjects forming part of the ornament of the Duke's breastplate, also appearing in Casalini's designs for it. See Godoy & Leydi 2003, pp. 9-21, 270-94, 306, 308-11, 321, 478-82 & 488, figs XV-XVIII. £4000-6000
192.    A GERMAN 'BLACK AND WHITE' COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY
with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high medial comb (split near to its apex), and 'swept' integral brim (each side pierced with a later suspension-hole) rising to an acute point front and rear, its edge formed with a plain inward turn, the base of the crown encircled by twelve lining-rivets of which eleven retain their brass rosette-washers, and each side decorated with a burnished longitudinal band against a blackened background (refreshed with paint)
25 cm; 9⅞ in £600-900
193.    A NORTH EUROPEAN ZISCHÄGGE, MID-17TH CENTURY
with one-piece hemispherical skull embossed with six radiating ribs and fitted at its apex with a pierced finial and large circular washer, at its brow with a flat obtusely-pointed peak, at its nape with a flaring neck-guard of four lames (the fourth cracked at its right), and at each side with a pendent scutiform cheek-piece (each detached at its rear) pierced at its centre with seven auditory holes in rosette-formation, the peak pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar with a leaf-shaped upper end struck with the mark 'l' and retained by a staple and locking-screw at the brow, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns and its surfaces coloured black overall
26.4 cm; 10 3/8 in (with cheek-pieces) £900-1100
194.    A NORTH ITALIAN MORION IN THE 'SPANISH' FASHION, CIRCA 1590-1600
with one-piece almond-shaped crown rising to a short 'stalk' at its apex, slightly downturned brim formed at its edge with a file-­rope inward turn (worn) accompanied by a narrow groove, its front pierced with a late suspension-hole, and the base of the crown encircled by fourteen holes for lining rivets of which one at the left still survives (the whole with a mottled overall patina)
20.5 cm; 8 in £350-500
195.    A NORTH ITALIAN MORION IN THE 'SPANISH' FASHION, CIRCA 1580-90
with one-piece almond-shaped crown rising to a short 'stalk' at its apex, slightly downturned brim projecting to an obtuse point front and rear and formed with plain inward turn accompanied by a narrow groove, its front struck with a crowned mark, possibly of its owner, and pierced with a late suspension-hole, and the base of the crown originally encircled by fourteen lining-rivets of which twelve remain and in all but one case retain their original brass rosette-washers, the whole with a blued finish (lightly oxidised in part)
21.0 cm; 8¼ in £450-600
196.    THE RARE MAIN PLATE AND PARTIAL POLEYN OF A NORTH ITALIAN 'GOTHIC' CUISSE FOR THE LEFT THIGH AND KNEE, CIRCA 1460
the main plate of gutter-shaped form, medially-ridged, turned outwards at its concave upper edge, fitted at its outer edge with the proximal portion of the upper of two former hinges of iron for the attachment of a side-plate, and overlapped at its lower edge by the uppermost lame of the poleyn (its lower outer corner chipped), the main plate painted internally in red characters with the number '36.449.L??' and its inner edge fitted with a tag stamped with the number L.23.64.1.4.17 (lightly pitted overall)
28.0 cm; 11 in

Provenance
Sumner Healey, New York
Stephen V. Grancsay, New York
Christies, London, 26 March 1980, lot 39

Exhibited
Allentown Art Museum, Allentown, Pennsylvania, 15 March -14 June 1964, cat. No. 66

The cuisse is of the same form as several in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, deriving from the Venetian Fortress of Chalcis, Euboea, which fell to the Turks in 1470. £700-1000
197.    A NORTH GERMAN BURGONET, 'ALMAIN' COLLAR AND BACKPLATE IN THE 'BLACK AND WHITE' FASHION, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY
the first formed of a rounded one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb, flanged outwards at its rear to receive an obtusely-pointed one-piece neck-guard, pierced at each side with a hole for the attachment of a separate peak, now represented only by its left terminal and pivot, and cut out at each side to accommodate a missing hinged cheek-piece; the second formed of three lames front and rear, fitted at each side with an integral spaudler of six lames (both associated, the right detached and partly disarticulated); the third formed in one piece well-shaped to the shoulders and boxed at each side, its lower edge flanged outwards to receive a culet of one lame; the main edges of all pieces formed with inward turns, either file-roped or notched, and their surfaces decorated with raise or recessed bands and borders originally burnished bright against a black-from-the-hammer ground, the borders of the backplate embossed in low relief with stylised acanthus foliage (the whole painted black over a partly oxidised surface) £1200-1600
198.    A NORTH EUROPEAN CUIRASSIER'S BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1610
of shot-proof weight and formed in one piece in the late 'peascod' fashion, with plain outward turns at its neck and arm-opening and an outward-flanged lower edge fitted at either of its ends with a pierced staple for the attachment of a fauld, its surface decorated with radiating bands and borders of incised single lines (the lines worn and the whole lightly patinated overall)
35.6 cm; 21⅞ in £600-800
199.    A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1560-70
with pointed one-piece skull boxed in four panels, rising to a prominent baluster-shaped finial, the upper half of which is faceted and the lower writhen, projecting forward to a flat obtusely pointed integral peak and backward to a similar but slightly shorter and more obtusely-pointed integral neck-guard, fitted internally with a quilted canvas lining and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (restored) flanged outwards at its front and rear to serve respectively as continuations of its peak and neck-guard, and pierced at its centre within a raised circle with four auditory-holes separated by a four-pointed star, the helmet formed at its main edges with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, the whole with an overall blued finish (now lightly to moderately pitted, the skull with a plugged hole at the upper end of its left rear facet and a patch at the front of the cut-out for the right cheek-piece)
24.3 cm; 9¼ in £900-1200
200.    A SOUTH GERMAN MORION, CIRCA 1570-80
with rounded one-piece crown rising to high file-roped medial crown (bruised just behind its apex), and integral brim rising slightly to an acute point front and rear, the edge of the brim formed with a file-roped inward turn, the base of the crown encircled by nine (originally eleven) round-headed lining-rivets of which all but one retain their large pewter rosette-washers, the whole retaining its original black-from-the-hammer finish (partly oxidised)
21.5 cm; 8½ in £800-1000
201.    TWO SOUTH GERMAN MITTEN GAUNTLETS, LATE 16TH CENTURY
of a similar design but not forming a pair, each comprising a long flared and pointed cuff (the right restored) with a separate fixed inner plate, five metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate formed with a file-roped transverse rib (the left perforated at its inner end), and three finger-plates (the cuffs of both gauntlets pierced at their upper ends with later wiring-holes and their surfaces showing a mottle light to moderate patina overall) £500-800
202.    AN ARMET IN THE EARLY 16TH CENTURY GERMAN STYLE, 19TH/20TH CENTURY
with rounded skull formed in two pieces joined medially by a separate applied low triple-comb, fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece fastening to its mate at the chin by means of a screw, and at the front with a 'bellows' visor attached by a pair of small pivots with circular washers, and pierced with paired rows of circular ventilation-holes separated by five transverse ridges of which the uppermost serves as a step beneath a centrally-divided vision-slit having its upper edge formed by an inserted plate, the visor secured at the left of the chin by a swivel-hook and stud, and the lower edges of the skull and cheek-pieces each formed with internally hollowed rims allowing them to lock over and rotate on the turned upper edge of a collar (the whole lightly pitted and patinated overall)
27.5 cm; 10¾ in £200-300
203.    A PAIR OF GAUNTLETS IN THE LATE 15TH CENTURY GERMAN 'GOTHIC' STYLE, AND A PAIR OF BESAGUES IN THE MID-16TH CENTURY GERMAN STYLE, BOTH 19TH CENTURY
the first comprised in each case of a long pointed cuff with truncated tip, three wrist-plates, two metacarpal-plates, a shaped knuckle-plate, a shaped finger-plate and the main plate of a hinged thumb-defence, the upper edge of the cuff formed with a plain inward turn bordered by a flute (lightly patinated overall); and the second in each case of circular form, rising to a boss at its centre and formed at its edge with a file-roped inward turn (lightly patinated overall)
the first each 31.5 cm; 12 3/8 in long: the second each 14.0 cm; 5½ in diameter
(4) £350-500
204.    A EUROPEAN SHOT-PROOF BREASTPLATE, PROBABLY 18TH CENTURY
of notable weight and formed in one piece with slight outward flanging at its neck-opening and waist, and fitted at the shoulders and sides with rivets and copper washers retaining fragments of retaining-straps (with a light mottle patina overall)
46.0 cm; 18⅛ in £250-400
205.    A FINE MODEL OF THE ETCHED AND GILT ARMOUR OF SIR JOHN SMYTH MADE IN AUGSBURG AND GREENWICH CIRCA 1575-6, MONARCH SILVERSMITHS LTD, LONDON, MID-20TH CENTURY
comprising armet with prow-shaped visor and upper bevor, formed at its lower edge with a hollowed rim fitting over the upper edge of an articulated collar; one-piece breastplate of 'peascod' form, flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of one lame from which are suspended by a pair of hasps at each side laminated cuisses terminating in winged poleyns; one-piece backplate with flanged lower edge; large symmetrical pauldrons; tubular vambraces fitted with turners at their upper ends and winged bracelet-couters at their elbows; fingered gauntlets with flared and pointed cuffs; and tubular greaves articulated at the ankles, fitted at their heels with rowel-spurs, and at their front with articulated sabatons; the main edges of the armour formed with roped inward turns and its surfaces decorated with etched and gilt bands; the whole well mounted on a carved wooden figure standing on a rectangular wooden base
35.0 cm; 17¾ in

The model shows the armour of Sir John Smythe as it was mounted in the Tower of London Armouries (Inv. No. II.84) until 1964, with the armet, collar, pauldrons, vambraces, greaves and sabatons of an armour of Sir Christopher Hatton.

The armour of Sir John Smythe was made in Augsburg (the pelleted 'A' mark of the city struck within its shield now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art New York) but augmented with matching pieces made in the royal armour workshops at Greenwich about 1586, as depicted in the album of drawings by the master workman of the Greenwich workshops, Jacobe Halder, and now preserved in the Victoria & Albert Museum, London. By the early 18th century at least, it had been mounted in the Tower with elements of one of Sir John Christopher Hatton's armours made in Greenwich about 1587. The Hatton pieces were removed from the ensemble to be displayed separately in 1964.

See ffoulkes 1916, Inv. No. II. 84; Laking 1921 pp. 39-44, figs 1119-21; Mann 1932; Mann 1951, pp. 26-8, pls XXII-XXIIIa; and Richardson 2015, pp. 35 & 62-5.


£2500-3000
206.    A GERMAN MACHINE-GUNNER'S OR SENTINEL'S BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1914-17
of notable weight and formed of a main plate flanged outwards at the neck, fitted to either side of the latter with a broad fixed shoulder-strap projecting down the back, and at its lower end with a skirt of three lames diminishing in width to its rounded lower end and articulated on a pair of internal webbing straps with felt pads fitted between each pair of lames (lightly patina overall)
66.0 cm; 26 in

See Dean 1920, pp. 142-7, figs 98 & 98a, for a discussion of this type of defence, replaced by a newer model in 1917. £900-1200
207.    A RARE AMERICAN EXPERIMENTAL ARM-DEFENCE, FIRST WORLD WAR
comprising one-piece spaudler, gutter-shaped upper and lower cannon linked by a one-piece winged couter open at the rear, and a short oval one-piece hand-defence, all connected by internal leathers (severed at several points), and the main edges formed with plain outward turns (oxidised overall)
Approx. 73.0 cm; 28¾ in long

Provenance
Evan Perry, Brighton, Sussex

200 pairs of this experimental arm-defence were sent to France on trial, but were found not to be satisfactory (see Dean 1920, pp. 264-265). £800-1200
208.    A MODEL OF A LATE 15TH CENTURY MILANESE JOUSTING HELM BY RUSSELL ROBINSON OF THE TOWER OF LONDON ARMOURIES, CIRCA 1975
of 'frog-mouthed' form, comprising crown-plate, front plate and rear plate rigidly secured to one another by rivets, the rear plate decorated with flutes, and the lower edge of the helm fitted at its front with a hinged rectangular hasp and at its rear with a hinged trapezoidal ring
10.0 cm; 4 in high with hasp

The model is based on a helm made by Giovani Angelo Missaglia of Milan about 1490 for Gasparo Fracasso, Milanese ambassador to the Court of Innsbruck, and now in the Hofjagd- und Rustkammer, Vienna, Inv. No. B2, and two similar helms in the Palazzo Ducale, Venice, Inv. Nos C5 & C6. (See Laking, 1920, figs 472-3); and Boccia & Coelho, 1967, pls 145-152. £500-800
209.    ALLEVI, Piersergio, Museo d'Arti Applicate, Armi Bianche (1998); BOCCIA, Lionello Giorgio, Armi Antiche delle Raccolte Civiche Reggiane (1984); BOCCIA, Lionello Giorgio, L'Armeria del Museo Civico Medievale di Bologna (1991); BOCCIA, Lionello Giorgio, L'Oploteca nel Museo Nazionale di Ravenna, Tre Secoli di Armi Antiche (1989); BOCCIA, Lionello Giorgio, Museo d'Arte Medievale e Moderna, Armi d'attacco, da difesa e da fuoco (1996); MAURO, Maurizio, Armeria della Rocca Mostra di Armi Antiche (1989); PIROVANO, Carlo (ed.), Musei e Gallerie di Milano Museo Poldi Pezzoli Armeria, Volume I-II (1985); ROSSI, Francesco, Guida del Museo delle Armi "Luigi Marzoli" (1988); SALVATICI, Luciano, Posate, Pugnali, Coltelli da caccia (1999); SCALINI, Mario et al., Armi e Armati (1988); SCALINI, Mario, Il Saracino e gli spettacoli cavallereschi nella Toscana Granducale (1987); SCALINI, Mario, Museo Nazionale Del Bargello, Armamento Difensivo Trecentesco (1984); SCALINI, Mario, Museo Nazionale del Bargello: Armature All'eroica dei Negroli (1987); VARIOUS AUTHOURS, The arms of the Stibbert Museum (2002)
(14) £100-150
210.    AYLWARD J. D., The House of Angelo: A Dynasty of Swordsmen Founded 1758 (1953); AYLWARD J. D., The Small-Sword in England: its History, its Forms, its Makers, and its Masters (1946); MARTYN, Charles, The British Cavalry Sword from 1600 (2004); MAZANSKY, Cyril, British Basket-Hilted Swords: A typology of Basket-Type Sword Hilts (2005); MOLLO, Eugene, Russian Military Swords 1801-1917 (1969); MURTHA, Gary D., Japanese Swordguard Artists (1982); NATIONAL TRUST FOR SCOTLAND, The Swords and the Sorrow (1996); NEUMANN, George C., Swords & Blades of the American Revolution (1991); NORMAN, A. V. B., The Rapier and Small-Sword, 1460-1820 (1980); PÉTARD, Michel, Des Sabres et des Épées: Troupes à Cheval - de Louis XIV à l'Empire (1999); PÉTARD, Michel, Des Sabres et des Épées: Troupes à Cheval - de Louis XIV à nos jours (1999); PÉTARD, Michel, Des Sabres et des Épées: Troupes à Pieds - de Louis XIV à nos jours (2005); ROBINSON, B. W., Arms & Armour of Old Japan (1951); ROBINSON, B. W., The Arts of the Japanese Sword (1961); ROBSON, Brian, Swords of the British Army: The Regulation Patterns 1788 to 1914 (1975); ROBSON, Brian, Swords of the British Army: The Regulation Patterns 1788 to 1914 (1996); SASANO, Masayuki, Early Japanese Sword Guards Sukashi Tsuba (1974); SOUTHWICK, Leslie, London Silver-Hilted Swords: Their makers, suppliers & allied traders with directory (2001); WALLACE, John, Scottish Swords and Dirks (1970); WILKINSON, Frederick, Swords & Daggers (1967); WILKINSON-LATHAM, John, British Military Swords from 1800 to the present day (1966); WITHERS, Harvey J. S, British Military Swords: 1786-1912 The Regulation Patterns, An Illustrated Price Guide for Collectors (2003); WOOD, Stephen, Blades of Glory: Swords of the Scottish Infantry 1756-1900 (1995)
(23) £80-120
211.    AYLWARD, J. D., The English Master of Arms from the Twelfth to the Twentieth Century (1956); BLACKMORE, Howard, The Armouries of the Tower of London, Volume 1, The Ordnance (1976); BLACKMORE, Howard, Royal Sporting Guns at Windsor (1968); BLAIR, Claude, A Royal Swordsmith and Damascener: Diego de Caias, Metropolitan Museum Journal, Volume 3 (1970); BLAIR, Claude, Three Presentation Swords in the Victoria & Albert Museum (1972); BLAIR, Claude, Two Toy Jousters (1966); BOSSON, Clement, Souvenirs de l'Escalade au Musee d'Art et d'Histoire (1952); CALVERT, Albert, Spanish Arms and Armour: The Royal Armoury of Madrid with 386 Illustrations (1907); FFOULKES, Charles, Arms & Armament, An Historical Survey of the Weapons of the British Army (1947); FFOULKES, Charles, Arms and the Tower (1939); HEWITT, J., The Tower: Its History, Armories and Antiquities (1845), together with an autographed letter by the authour; KAMNIKER, K & KRENN, P., Die Zweihander des Landeszeughauses in Graz (1973); KEEGAN, John & DARRACOTT, Joseph, The Nature of War (1981); KENNARD, A.N., French Pistols and Sporting Guns (1972); LAKING, Sir Guy Francis, Wallace Collection: Oriental Arms and Armour (1964); MANN, James (foreword), Exhibition of Arms, Armour and Militaria lent by H.R.H. The Duke of Brunswick (1952-53), two copies; MANN, James (introduction), Exhibition of Spanish Royal Armour in the Tower of London (1960); MANN, James, A European Sword of the late XIVth Century with an Arabic Inscription, Israel Exploration Society, Volume 7 (1963); MANN, James, Instances of Antiquarian Feeling in Medieval and Renaissance Art, The Archaeological Journal, Volume 89 (1933); MANN, James, The Funeral Achievements of Edward, The Black Prince (1951); MANN, James, The Lost Armoury of the Gonzagas: Part II, The Archaeological Journal, Volume 100 (1945); MANN, James, The Wallace Collection Catalogues, Volume 1: Armour; Volume 2: Arms (1962); NORMAN, A.V.B., Arms & Armour (1972); NORMAN, A.V.B., The Medieval Soldier (1971); REID, William, The Lore of Arms (1976); RICKETTS, Howard, Arms & Armour (1973); ROBINSON, H. Russell, Il Museo Stibbert (1974); ROBINSON, H. Russell, What Soldiers Wore on Hadrian's Wall (1976); ROBSON, Brian, Sword of the British Army (1975); SAILHAN, P., Typologie des Archeres et Canonnieres: Les Archeres et chateaux de Chauvigny, Bulletin des Antiquaries de l'Ouest, Volume 14 (1978); SILVER, George, Paradoxes of Defence 1599, Shakespeare Association Facsimiles No. 6, OUP (1933); SOTHEBY'S, The Hever Castle Collection: Arms and Armour (1983); UHLEMANN, H.R., Kostbare Blankwaffen aus dem Deutschen Klingenmuseum Solingen (1968); V&A, A Picture Book of Arms and Armour (1932); VARIOUS AUTHORS, The Canadian Journal of Arms Collecting, Volume 13 No. 2 (1975); VARIOUS AUTHORS, Varia, Svenska Vapenhistoriska Sallskapet, No. 4 (1976) £60-80
212.    BÄUMEL, Jutta (ed.), Dresdner Rüstkammer (1992); BORG, Dr. Alan, Royal Armouries, Torture and Punishment; CAPPELLI, Licinio (ed.), Le Armi Degli Estensi, La collezione de Konopiste (1987); CAPWELL, Tobias, Masterpieces of European Arms and Armour in the Wallace Collection (2011); DE BORCHGRAVE D'ALTENA, Joseph (Preface), Armes Anciennes des Musée de Belgique, Collection Solvay, Bruxelles (1972); EDGE, David, The Wallace Collection, European Arms and Armour (1992), four copies; GAIER, C., Le Musée d'Armes de Liège sort de sa réserve (1990); GAIER, Claude, Prestige de l'armurerie portugaise. La part de Liège (1991); GOLDLINE, Georges (foreword), Musee d'armes de Liege, Collection Pierre Solvay (1976), two copies; GRANCSAY, Stephen V., The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Historical Armour, A Picture Book (1951); HAMMOND, Peter, The Royal Armouries at the Tower of London: Official Guide (1986); HAYWARD, J. F., Victoria and Albert Museum, European Armour (1951); HAYWARD, J. F., Victoria and Albert Museum, Swords and Daggers (1963), two copies; HOLMES, M. R., The London Museum: Arms and Armour in Tudor & Stuart London (1970); INGAMELLS, John (forward), The Wallace Collection, Guide to the Armouries (1982); JACOBS, E. A. (preface), Musée Royal de l'Armée et d'Histoire Militaire, Bruxelles, Armes and Armures (1992); KRENN, Peter, The Landeszeughaus of Graz, English Edition (1991); MANN, Sir James, Wallace Collection Catalogues, European Arms and Armour, Volume I Armour; Volume II Arms (1962); MILLER, Dr. Jurij A., Masterpieces of Russian Hunting Arms from The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg (1996); MILLER, Dr. Yurij A., Caucasian Arms from The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg (2000); MÜLLER, Heinrich (foreword), Alte Hieb- & Stich-waffen (1986); MUSEE DUCAL DE BOUILLON, Belles Armes Anciennes (1971); NORMAN, A. V. B. & WILSON, G. M., Treasures from the Tower of London, An exhibition of Arms and Armour (1982); NORMAN, A. V. B., Wallace Collection Catalogues, European Arms and Armour Supplement (1986); PYHRR, Stuart (introduction), The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Arms and Armor: Notable Acquisitions 1991-2002 (2002); REVERSEAU, Jean-Pierre, Musée de l'Armée, Armes et Armures (1993); ROBINSON, H. R., Treasures of the Tower, Armours of Henry VIII (1977); SCHOBEL, Johannes, Historisches Museum, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden (1987); TARASSUK, Leonid, The Art Institute of Chicago, Italian Armour for Princely Courts, Renaissance Armor from the Trupin Family Trust and The George F. Harding Collection (1986); TEMESVÁRY, Ferenc, Arms and Armour, The treasures of the Hungarian National Museum (1992); TEMESVÁRY, Ferenc, Waffenschätze Prunkwaffen (1982); THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART, Guide to the Collections, Arms and Armour (1968); THOMAS, Bruno & GAMBER, Ortwin, Die Innsbrucker Plattnerkunst, Katalog (1954); TOJHUSMUSEET (Copenhagen), The Royal Danish Arsenal Museum, Illustrated Guide to the Permanent Exhibition (1979); UNKNOWN AUTHOUR, Oude Wapens uit de Musea van Belgie (1972); VLADESCU, Christian, KONIG, Carol & POPA, Dan, Arme in Muzeele din Romania (1973); VLADIMIRSKAYA, N. S., Treasures of the Moscow Kremlin, Arsenal of the Russian Tsars (1998)
(42) £100-150
213.    BOTTET, Maurice, Monographies de l'Arme Blanche (1789-1870) (1959); CALIZZANO, Charles, Le Grand Livre des Armes Blanches, Du Monde Entier A Travers les Ages (1989); DEL PERAL Y FORTÓN, Rafael Martínez, La Navaja Española Antigua (1995); FORRER, Dr. R., Une Histoire de L'épee, du Poignard (1905); NORTH, Anthony, Victoria & Albert Museum, An Introduction to European Swords (1982); OAKESHOTT, Ewart, Records of the Medieval Sword (1991); SEITZ, Heribert, Blankwaffen: Geschichte und Typenentwicklung im europäischen Kulturbereich Vom 16. bis 19. Jahrhundert, Volumes I-II (1968); SOUTHWICK, Leslie, The Price Guide to Antique Edged Weapons (1982); VALENTINE, Eric, Rapiers: An Illustrated Reference Guide to the Rapiers of the 16th and 17th Centuries, with their Companions (1968); WELAND, Gerald, A Collectors guide to Swords, Daggers & Cutlasses (1995)
(10) £60-90
214.    BLACKMORE, David, Arms & Armour of the English Civil Wars (1990); BLAIR, Claude & BOCCIA, Lionello Giorgio, Antiquités & Objets d'art, Armes et Armures (1990); BULL, Stephen, An Historical Guide to Arms and Armour (1991); CIMARELLI, Aldo G., Armes Blanches et Armes Défensives (1973); DASKALOV, Nicola & KOVACHEVA, Vyara, Weaponry of the Past (1989); DELACRE, Jean, Le Pistolet, Le Revolver (1970); DIKE, Catherine, Walking Sticks, Shire Album 256 (1990); DRUGMAND, M. P., Ville de Bruxelles Stad Brussel "L'éperon" Deux mille ans d'Histoire (1978), two copies; EDGE, David & PADDOCK, John Miles, Arms & Armour of the Medieval Knight (1988), three copies; FOURNET, Claude (preface), Couverts de l'art gothique a l'art nouveau, Collection Jacques Hollander (1993); GUTOWSKI, Jacek, Tartar Arms and Armour (1997); HART, Harold H. (ed.), Weapons & Armour, A Pictorial Archive of Woodcuts and Engravings (1982); HOUZE, Herbert G., The Sumptuous Flaske (1989); IMRE, Grafik, Neprajzi Museum, Nyeregbe! In the Saddle! Fest im Sattel! (2002); LEBEDYNSKY, Iaroslav, Les Armes Cosaques et Caucasiennes, Et Les Armes Traditionnelles d'Europe Orientale (1990); MARQUISET, Robert & YVEN, Jean-Pierre, Poires a Poudre, Editions du Portail (1990); MONESTIER, Martin, Duels, Les combats singuliers des origines a nos jours (1991); MUSÉE NATIONAL D'HISTOIRE ET D'ART, Luxembourg, Drei Jahrhunderte Europäische Jagdpulverbehalter 1550-1850 (1995); PURAYE, Jean, la gravure sur armes à feu au pays de Liège (1965); PURAYE, Jean, Le Damas (1966); RANGSTROM, Lena (ed.), Riddarlek och Tornerspel, Tournaments and the Dream of Chivalry (1992); ROSSI, Francesco, Mediaeval Arms and Armour (1990); SCHAAL, Dieter, Verzierte Waffen (1981); SCHÖBEL, Johannes, Jagdwaffen (1976); UNKNOWN AUTHOR, Treasures of The Tower, Crossbows (1976); WILKINSON, Frederick, Antique Arms and Armour (1972); WILSON, Guy, The H L Visser Collection of Ivory Stocked Pistols (1988); ZELLER, Alfred P., l'Art des Choses: Armes Occidentales (1966)
(31) £60-80
215.    BLACKMORE, Howard L., Guns and Rifles of the World (1965); CURTIS, Tony, Lyle Price Guide: Militaria, Arms & Armour (1993); DAVIS, R. H. C., A History of Medieval Europe: From Constantine to Saint Louis (1957); GRANCSAY, Stephen V., Catalogue of Armor: The John Woodman Higgins Armory (1961); GROENENDIJK, Gert, GRYSE, Piet de, STAAT, Dirk & BRONDER, Helen (eds.), A Farewell to Arms: Studies on the History of Arms and Armour (2004); HELD, Robert (Ed.), Arms and Armor Annual: Thirty Outstanding Articles on Weaponry By Leading Arms and Armor Historians of the World (1973); RIMER Graeme, RICHARDSON Thom & COOPER, J. P. D. (eds.), Henry VIII, Arms and the Man 1509-2009 (2009); ROBERTS, Keith, "Matchlock Musketeer 1588-1688" in Warrior, n. 43 (2002); SOTHEBY PARKE BERNET MONACO S.A., Objets Militaires Provenant de la Collection de Robert Florey (1980); SOUTHWICK, Leslie, The Price Guide to Antique Edged Weapons (1982); STONE, George Cameron, A Glossary of the Construction, Decoration and Use of Arms and Armor in All Countries and in All Times (1961); TOWER OF LONDON, Spanish Royal Armour (1960); WITHERS, Harvey J. S., World Swords 1400-1945: An Illustrated Price Guide for Collectors (2006); WOOD, Stephen, Waffen-und Kostümkunde: The British Gorget in North America (1984) £40-60
216.    BLAIR, Claude, European Armour, c. 1066 to c. 1700 (1958); BLAIR, Claude, The Silvered & Engraved Armour of Henry VIII in the Tower of London (1965); BURGESS, Martin, The Mail-Maker's Technique, The Antiquaries Journal, Volume 33 (1953); DE REUCK, Anthony (compiler), Arms and Armour Society: The Art of the Armourer, Victoria & Albert Museum (1963); DUFTY, A.R., European Armour in the Tower of London (1968); FRANZOI, Umberto, Armoury of the Doge's Palace in Venice (1966); MANN, James (foreword), Exhibition of Armour made in the Royal Workshops at Greenwich at the Tower of London (1951); MANN, James (foreword), Exhibition of Armour of Kings and Captains from the National Collections of Austria at the Tower of London (1949); MANN, James, Notes on European Armour including: The Evolution of Plate Armour in Germany; Notes on the armour worn in Spain, 10th-15th centuries; The Sanctuary of the Madonna delle Grazie; Notes on the Armour of the Maximilian Period (1929-32); MANN, James, The Decoration of Armour, C. A. Parsons & Co. Ltd House Magazine No. 54 (1962); ROBINSON, H. Russell, Problems in Reconstructing Roman Armour (1972); ROBINSON, H. Russell, Roman Armour: Reconstructions by H. Russell Robinson (1969); ROBINSON, H. Russell, Roman Body Armour in the First Century A.D. (1974); ROBINSON, H. Russell, The Armour of Imperial Rome (1975); THOMAS, Bruno, Harnische (1947)
(15) £60-80
217.    BRANCO SOARES, Pedro, Os uniformes Portugueses Na Guerra Peninsular (2007); BRERETON, John, The History of the Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry 1798-1991 (1994); CLARKE, Dale, "British Artillery 1914-19: Heavy Artillery" in New Vanguard, n. 105 (2005); FLETCHER, Ian, "Badajoz 1812: Wellington's Bloodiest Siege" in Campaign, n. 65 (1999); FOSTEN D. S. V., Cuirassiers and Heavy Cavalry-Dress Uniforms of the German Imperial Cavalry 1900-1914 (1973); FUNCKEN, Liliane & Fred, Arms and Uniforms, The Napoleonic Wars Part 2 (1973); GRAVETT, Christopher, "Hastings 1066: The Fall of Saxon England" in Campaign, n. 13 (1992); HEAD, Michael G., Foot Regiments of the Imperial Guard (1973); KANNICK, Preben, Military Uniforms in Colour (1968); LAVER, James, British Military Uniforms (1948); MANN, Sir James, The Funeral Achievements of Edward, The Black Prince (1951); MONEY BARNES, Major R., A History of the Regiments & Uniforms of the British Army (1950); PLEGER, Martin, "British Tommy 1914-18" in Warrior, n. 16 (1999); STRICKLAND, Matthew & HARDY, Robert, From Hastings to the Mary Rose, The Great Warbow (2005); THORBURN, W. A., French Army Regiments & Uniforms from the Revolution to 1870 (1969); TIMBERS, Ken (ed.), The Royal Artillery, Woolwich: A Celebration (2008); TINCEY, John, "Blenheim 1704: The Duke of Marlborough's masterpiece" in Campaign, n. 141 (2004); UNKNOWN AUTHOR, Regl Orders 1892 (1892); WALBOM-PRAMVIG, B., Uniformer, Faner Og Våben I Den Danske Hær fra 1659 til 1980 (1988); WILKINSON-LATHAM, John, Cavalry Uniforms (1969); WILKINSON-LATHAM, John, Infantry Uniforms, including artillery and other supporting troops of Britain and the Commonwealth 1742-1855 (1969); WILSON, L. M. & CROWLEY, P. T., The Infantry Regiments of Surrey (2002); WOOD, Stephen, …By Dint of Labour and Perseverance...A journal recording two months in northern Germany kept by Lieutenant-Colonel James Adolphus Oughton, commanding 1st battalion 37th Regiment of Foot, 1758. (1997); YOUNG, Peter & LAWFORD, J. P. (eds.), History of the British Army (1970)
(24) £40-60
218.    CALDER, Jenni, NMS Publishing Limited: Museum of Scotland (1998); CATELLAIN, Pierre (2001), Splendeurs Celtes Armes et Bijoux (2001); CETTO, Anna Maria, Les Mosaiques de Ravenne (1953); CHARLES VAN HERCK EN ZOON, Antwerp, Openbare Veiling van de Verzameling Neetesonne (1968); CLOSE-BROOKS, Joanna, St Ninian's Isle Treasure (1981); DU PASQUIER, Jacqueline, Musée des Arts Decoratifs Bordeaux (1980); ERB, Lisa (ed.), A Museum for Everyone!: The Honolulu Academy of Arts (1995); GIOVANNINI, Sandra & MANCINI, Gabriella, The Pharmacy of Santa Maria Novella (1997); GUINEA, Juan (preface), Émaux médiévaux. De Limoges à Silos (2002); JACKSON, Anna (ed.), V&A, A Hundred Highlights (1996); LIEBGOTT, Niels-Knud, Nationalmuseet, Elfenben - fra Danmarks Middelalder (1985); LIERNEUX, Pierre & ROMMELAERE, Catherine, Les Carrosses de la Cour Royale de Belgique et leurs Escortes (1991); MERTENS, Joan R., The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Greek Bronzes in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (1985); NICKEL, Helmut, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin: Arms & Armor from the permanent Collection (1991; 2007), three copies; ORLOFF, Arne (ed.), Vaabenhistoriske aarboger, Volume 35 (1989); RAUCH, Nicholas, Instruments de chirurgie Gréco-Romains, Genéve (1961); REMICHE, Jean (preface), l'Art des Invasions en Hongrie et en Wallonie (1979); SCHÖBEL, Johannes (forward), Barockes Balali, Die Schatzkammer, Band 22 (1968); SCROCCHI, A., Ricordo di Roma, 40 Vedute (1900); SHARKEY, John, Mystéres Celtes, une religion de l'insaisissable (1975); SPAR, Francis (ed.), Connaissance, Volume 180(1967); STRATFORD, Neil, The Lewis Chessmen and the Enigma of the Hoard (1997); SUYDAM, C.R. (ed.), The American Society of Arms Collectors at Saratoga Springs, Volume Sixty-One (1989); VARIOUS AUTHORS, Discovering Antiques, Issue 33 (1971); VARIOUS AUTHORS, Discovering Antiques, Issue 7 (1970); VARIOUS AUTHORS, Metropolitan Museum Journal, Volume 18 (1983); VARIOUS AUTHORS, Metropolitan Museum Journal, Volume 21 (1986); VARIOUS AUTHORS, Metropolitan Museum Journal, Volume 30 (1995); VARIOUS AUTHORS, Scottish Art Review, Special Number, Based on R. L. Scott Collection, Arms and Armour (1969); VARIOUS AUTHORS, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Recent Acquisitions; A Selection 1988-1989 (1989); VARIOUS AUTHORS, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Recent Acquisitions; A Selection 1992-1993 (1993); VARIOUS AUTHORS, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Recent Acquisitions; A Selection 1993-1994 (1994); VARIOUS AUTHORS, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Recent Acquisitions; A Selection 1994-1995 (1995); VARIOUS AUTHORS, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Recent Acquisitions; A Selection 1995-1996 (1996); VARIOUS AUTHORS, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Recent Acquisitions; A Selection 1995-1996 (1996); VENNER, Dominique, Les Beaux-Arts de la Chasse: Objets, Symboles, Decors (1992); VON BOTHMER, Dietrich, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, A Greek and Roman Treasury (1984)
(39) £50-70
219.    GODOY, Jose-A. & LEYDI, Silvio, Parures Triomphales Le maniérisme dans l'art de l'armure italienne (2003); GRANCSAY, Stephen V., Les Armures (1965); PFAFFENBICHLER, Matthias, Medieval Craftsmen: Armourers (1992); PYHRR, Stuart & GODOY, Jose, Heroic Armor of the Italian Renaissance, Filippo Negroli and his Contemporaries (1998)
(4) £80-120
220.    SAXE, Field-Marshal Count, Reveries, or Memoirs upon the Art of War (1757), numerous illustrated plates, bound in light brown leather with raised bands and gilt lettering (some scuffing to corners and pages, slightly worn overall), 8vo £80-120
221.    FIVE FRAMED AND GLAZED PICTURES, INCLUDING FOUR PRESENTED TO MAJOR HOLMES
the first depicting a line infantryman (Clairon); the second a footsoldier (Clairon); the third the camp of the 4th division, dated July 15th 1855; the fourth a poster for the Hampshire Regiment dance; the fifth a map of Operation Joint Guardian, signed by General Sir Mike Jackson KCB CBE
various sizes
(5) £60-80
222.    SEVEN FRAMED AND GLAZED PICTURES
depicting various military charges including Charges de Dracons à Grave, "Blackwell's Military Figures", "The Ex-Emperor in a Bottle", hussars, and line infantrymen
various sizes
(7)
£50-80
223.    IN THE MANNER OF THOMAS ROWLANDSON (1756-1827)
THE LONG JOHN, A CANNON AT GOSPORT
inscribed l.l.: T. Rowlandson. 1790
watercolour over pencil, pen and grey ink
together with two photographic reproductions of THE LINE OF KINGS
the largest 14 cm by 22 cm; 5 1/2 in by 8 3/4 in
(3) £200-300
224.    A COLLECTION OF TUDOR AND LATER EXCAVATED KNIVES
including one with an etched blade dated 1617; another with wood handle and gilt brass finial and cutler's mark to blade; another all in iron with a probably Tudor cutler's mark to blade; three further knifes, a spearhead and a file
(8)

Provenance
First described from Bull wharf, Thames, 1997; second Three Pigeon quay, Thames, 1979; third Barnes, Thames, 1978, three further with provenance labels

£200-300
225.    THREE ENGLISH WROUGHT-IRON CANDLEHOLDERS, PROBABLY 17TH CENTURY
all with spikes for fixing to beams or tables, one with probably associated cylindrical base, together with a fire-steel, assorted bells of bronze and sheet metal and a child's lead reading tablet
(15)

Provenance
Table candleholder and the fire-steel from the Thames, 1984 and 1981, another candleholder from Canterbury 1991.
£150-200
226.    A COLLECTION OF EARLY MEDIEVAL COPPER-ALLOY RELIEF-DECORATED HORSE-HARNESS PENDANTS AND MOUNTS
including an heraldic shield with traces of red enamel in recessed bands, two French buckles decorated with heraldic beasts, probably Limoges, 13th/14th Century, three gilded and decorated mounts, one with Black-letter inscriptions; a stud; a pendant incised with a heraldic dragon, and enamel badge decorated with the arms of Charles I of England
(9)

The two Limoges mounts with dragons or salamander relief decoration could have later gilding and one of the two has some black enamel in the recesses
£250-400
227.    TWO MEDIEVAL COPPER-ALLOY AND ENAMEL HORSE-HARNESS HERALDIC MOUNTS, 13TH/14TH CENTURY
one decorated with a red dragon on each side on a striped background, the other decorated with blue chevrons to one side and red scrolls to the other, both with traces of gilding, a diamond shaped pendant decorated with a rosette on a blue enamel ground, and three heraldic enamel hangers
(6)

This group includes two heraldic examples of what the Portable Antiquities Scheme defines as 'harness hooks' (see Record ID: PUBLIC-AB1C88 and others), of which one has the royal arms (three lions passant). Though these 'hooks' have long been assumed to be related in some way to horse equipment, their precise function is still to be determined. Recent research by Robert Webley and by John Clark suggests that they may have been used for attachment to horse bits (see a Curb Bit, Naples, late 14th century, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Accession Number 04.3.478a, b) £300-500
228.    ASSORTED HISTORICAL AND EXCAVATED ITEMS
including an iron nail recovered from the Mary Rose; a gunflint from the Tower of London, both on oak bases with inscription plaques, three late Medieval brass letters from tomb memorials, a bronze purse-frame, 16th century; six George III bronze tokens dated 1797, three further coins and other items including a brass cased compass, a lead shell-form ampulla, and nine further items
(14)

The Mary Rose nail was raised by John Deane and William Edwards in 1840, then sold by auction in Portsmouth on 12th November 1840. Then purchased by Mr de Reuck in 1964 in Southampton.

For a similar example to the purse frame in this lot see London Museum, 1954, fig. 52, no. 4. £100-150
229.    A PEWTER STUMP-END SPOON, PROBABLY DUTCH, LATE 16TH / EARLY 17TH CENTURY
with hexagonal stem, the round bowl with maker's mark of a crowned rose containing the initials `I.V.L.' £80-120
230.    A COLLECTION OF FIFTEEN COPPER-ALLOY MEDIEVAL CHAPES AND BELT-HOOKS, 14TH TO 16TH CENTURY
with engraved `black letter' or foliate decoration; together with a group of seven French gilt mounts; a Tudor sword belt-hook, a Norman bronze horse head dagger chape and two latten circular mounts
(26)

Provenance
The Norman knife-chape from Dorset and the sword-belt hook from Greenwich 1987.

For similar belt-fittings with black letter inscriptions, see London Museum 1954, fig. 85, nos. 2 and 6.
£200-300
231.    A COLLECTION OF LATE VIKING AND SAXON COPPER-ALLOY MOUNTS FOR STIRRUP SUSPENSION-STRAPS, MOSTLY 11TH CENTURY
with relief cast decoration; and a Viking strap-end from Winchester
(11)

Mostly from Yorkshire and mostly illustrated in David Williams' book on the subject (see bibliography). For related examples see Mills 2001, pp. 78-82. £200-300
232.    A COLLECTION OF COPPER-ALLOY AND IRON KNIFE-CHAPES, 11TH / 12TH CENTURY
(17)
£150-200
233.    THREE GILT-METAL SWORD BELT-BUCKLES, PROBABLY 14TH / 15TH CENTURY
one with a relief-cast shield, one of embossed sheet-metal, and one a bossed disc, together with three gilt-metal and copper-alloy sword-belt hangers, 16th and early 17th centuries, and one a modern copy, each with a relief-cast bar or mount supporting suspension-hooks, one with matching buckles, together with four pairs of gilt-metal belt-clips, one pair with incised flower-heads and two pairs incised with the Holy initials `I.H.S.'
(11) £200-300
234.    A COLLECTION OF EIGHTEEN FOLDED SHEET-METAL MEDIEVAL SWORD AND KNIFE-CHAPES, MOSTLY 13TH CENTURY
together with thirteen copper-alloy chapes, mostly 14th Century, some with fretted decoration
(31) £200-300
235.    A LARGE GROUP OF MEDIEVAL FOLDED SHEET-METAL CHAPES, 14TH AND 15TH CENTURY
mostly plain tapering, copper-alloy
(56)
£100-200
236.    A COLLECTION OF SIXTY-TWO FOLDED SHEET-METAL MEDIEVAL CHAPES, MOSTLY 14TH / 15TH CENTURY
plain tapering with some gilding, together with a copper-alloy thimble
(63)
£100-200
237.    A COLLECTION OF COPPER-ALLOY SWORD AND DAGGER-CHAPES, 15TH / 16TH CENTURY, PROBABLY SPANISH
(18) £100-200
238.    A COLLECTION OF TWELVE DAGGER-CHAPES, LATE 15TH AND EARLY 16TH CENTURIES
variously of lead-alloy and iron, with relief decoration, and two copper-alloy strap-ends
(14)
£80-120
239.    A COLLECTION OF NINETEEN TUDOR COPPER-ALLOY AND GILT-METAL SWORD AND DAGGER-CHAPES, 16TH CENTURY
including ones pierced with hearts and trefoils, eighteen further Tudor chapes decorated with relief cast or embossed shell-motifs, and a copper-alloy mount for a stirrup suspension-strap
(38) £200-300
240.    A COLLECTION OF EIGHT MEDIEVAL AND TUDOR SWORD AND DAGGER-CHAPES, 15TH/16TH CENTURY
including one of gilt copper-alloy engraved on each face with intertwined flowering branches involving the initials 'W.B.', one of gilt copper-alloy decorated on each face with rows of small shields on a blackened ground, one of lead-alloy decorated in shallow relief on both sides with a coat-of-arms, one of plain copper-alloy decorated with low-relief ornament rising on each face to a central trefoil, and a copper-alloy sword-locket
(9) £200-400
241.    A COLLECTION OF MISCELLANEOUS MEDIEVAL SWORD AND DAGGER-CHAPES
of iron, copper-alloy and lead-alloy, and a large quantity of small lead-alloy chapes, circa 1350-1450, some with relief-cast and pierced decoration
(46)
£200-300
242.    A COLLECTION OF COPPER-ALLOY AND IRON DAGGER CHAPES, MOSTLY LATE 15TH CENTURY AND EARLY 16TH CENTURIES
of various patterns, together with a Romano-British bronze sword chape of crescentic form, 2nd Century A.D., a Roman bronze belt-chape from the Balkans, and an early Medieval bronze knife-chape of zoomorphic design, 11th Century
(22) £100-200
243.    A COLLECTION OF THIRTY COPPER-ALLOY SWORD, HANGER DAGGER-CHAPES, LATE 16TH / 17TH CENTURY
some with gilding and some with pierced decoration including trefoils, quatrefoils, hearts, slots and, in one case, a face
(30) £100-200
244.    A COLLECTION OF MEDIEVAL BUCKLES OF VARIOUS PATTERNS
including one of gilt-copper-alloy, possibly Limoges, 12th century, its hasp decorated in relief with a nude figure, one of iron modelled as a lion's mask, one of copper-alloy having its hasp cast in relief with crosses, and further lead-alloy and copper-alloy buckles of assorted patterns
(15) £120-180
245.    A GROUP OF SCABBARD-MOUNTS OF VARIOUS DATES AND PATTERNS, MOSTLY TUDOR
including a fine silver locket inscribed in black-letters GOD HELP, 14th century, from the Thames at Blackfriars, twelve further lockets and chapes of copper or lead-alloy; and sixteen small silver dagger chapes and other mounts, Medieval and later, with engraved decoration
(30) £200-300
246.    A LARGE COLLECTION OF IRON SCABBARD CHAPES, MEDIEVAL, STUART, AND TUDOR
with a number of lead-alloy examples, contained in five cedar boxes £150-250
247.    A COLLECTION OF MEDIEVAL COPPER-ALLOY SWORD AND DAGGER-CHAPES, 14TH TO 16TH CENTURIES
some gilded, many pierced with quatrefoils, trefoils, hearts, and tracery, together with two copper-alloy strap-terminal and a finial in the form of a hand
(67)
£200-300
248.    A COLLECTION OF TWENTY-ONE IRON AND COPPER-ALLOY SWORD-BELT BUCKLES
including a large D-shaped buckle, 13th century, a large circular buckle, 14th century, two small Roman military buckles, and further assorted Medieval to Tudor buckles, together with four Stuart sword-belt clips, one with elaborate etched decoration, and a collection of small buckles still attached to leather straps to show their modes of attachment £200-300
249.    A LARGE COLLECTION OF BELT-CHAPES, STRAP-MOUNTS, BUCKLES, AND OTHER FITTINGS MOSTLY 15TH CENTURY
mostly of pewter (lead-alloy), some of copper-alloy, including two decorated with the Gothic letter 'S' in panels, and others decorated with pierced tracery £150-250
250.    A LARGE COLLECTION OF COPPER-ALLOY BUCKLES, MOSTLY 13TH TO 15TH CENTURY
several with engraved hasps and some with gilding £200-300
251.    A LARGE COLLECTION OF MEDIEVAL COPPER-ALLOY AND IRON BUCKLES OF VARIOUS PATTERNS, MOSTLY 14TH CENTURY £100-150
252.    A LARGE COLLECTION OF MEDIEVAL COPPER-ALLOY AND IRON BUCKLES AND STRAP-FITTINGS, MOSTLY 14TH CENTURY
of various patterns, some decorated £150-250
253.    A LARGE COLLECTION OF MEDIEVAL COPPER-ALLOY AND IRON BUCKLES, MOSTLY 14TH / 15TH CENTURY
of various patterns, including some with decoration and some with gilding £100-200
254.    A LARGE COLLECTION OF TUDOR AND LATER COPPER-ALLOY BUCKLES
most with double trapezium-shaped loops, and some with 'figure-of-eight' loop, including a few with simple decoration £100-200
255.    A COLLECTION OF MEDIEVAL IRON BUCKLES, MOST 14TH / 15TH CENTURY
of various patterns £100-150
256.    A COLLECTION OF COPPER-ALLOY AND IRON SHOE AND BELT-BUCKLES, MOSTLY 16TH AND 17TH CENTURIES
of various patterns £100-150
257.    A LARGE COLLECTION OF MEDIEVAL, TUDOR, STUART AND GEORGIAN COPPER-ALLOY AND IRON BUCKLES
of various patterns, some decorated £100-150
258.    A COLLECTION OF MEDIEVAL GILT COPPER-ALLOY AND METAL BUCKLES, 12TH TO 14TH CENTURIES
many with relief or engraved decoration, one with traces of enamel, two Medieval bronze loop-buckles, a buckle in the form of a lion passant, and three gilt copper-alloy cylindrical pendants, one with engraved decoration and two similarly decorated chapes
(24) £150-300
259.    A LARGE COLLECTION OF COPPER-ALLOY AND IRON BUCKLES, MAINLY TUDOR AND STUART
together with suspension-hooks, sword-belt hangers, belt-mounts and other fittings £200-300
260.    A GROUP OF MISCELLANEOUS PIECES OF EXCAVATED METALWORK AND JEWELLERY
including an Anglo Saxon relief-cast copper-alloy ferrule, a copper-alloy pendant modelled as a helm of the mid-13th century, a finger-ring with a loose stone, a quantity of uncut garnets from the Thames, two plain copper-alloy finger-rings, two engraved copper-alloy archers' thumb rings in the Asian style, two gilt copper-alloy hinged strap-mounts, and two further copper-alloy fittings articulated at their centres
(12) £150-250
261.    A GROUP OF FOSSILS AND OTHER MISCELLANEA
comprising two small fossil fish, Knightia sp., each on a limestone matrix, Green River Formation, Eocene, Wyoming; five further small fossils including an ammonite, a polished section of a belemnite and a bivalve; a small iron meteorite fragment from Texas, and a small dried fish
(9) £50-70
262.    A COLLECTION OF TOY CANNON
of various sizes and designs, twelve of cast bronze and one of cast iron, two of the former found in Dorset and one in the Thames, 18th and 19th centuries, together with the copper-alloy side-plate of as 'Brown Bess' musket, second half of the 18th century £200-300
263.    A LARGE COLLECTION OF MEDIEVAL AND LATER BUCKLES, CHAPES, LOCKETS, STRAP-ENDS, DECORATIVE MOUNTS, BODKINS AND PINS
together with assorted flints and iron strikers, later writing tools, badges and miscellaneous items £150-200
264.    A GROUP OF FIVE SWORD POMMELS, 11TH TO 18TH CENTURY
comprising a Viking sword-pommel of copper-alloy formed with five radiating lobes, 11th century; two dagger-pommels, the first disc-shaped and of copper-alloy, 15th or early 16th century; a saddle-pommel of copper-alloy formed in two halves and decorated with diagonal lines of cabling, late 16th or early 17th century, and a pommel-shaped finial decorated with fretting and small rivets, probably late 17th or 18th century
(5)
£80-120
265.    A LARGE GROUP OF ARROW-HEADS AND MISCELLANEA
comprising nine small arrow-heads, some with sockets and some with tangs, from the site of a battle fought at Las Navas de Tolosa, Spain, in 1212 (accompanied by documentation), together with a collection of arrow and bolt-heads of various sizes and forms, mostly with sockets, Medieval and later, one of the arrow-heads of large, broad form found in the Thames at Queenhythe, 1982, and one of the bolts struck with an omega-shaped mark; together with three caltrops, Medieval and later, one of large size found in the Thames in 1988, and one of small size with barbed points found at Skokloster, Sweden, in 1974 £100-150
266.    A FINELY MADE ONE-FIFTH SCALE MODEL IN PEWTER SHEET BY A.M.G. MCLEOD, CIRCA 1990, OF A CLOSE HELMET MADE IN THE ROYAL ARMOUR WORKSHOPS AT GREENWICH, CIRCA 1585-90 AND NOW IN THE ROYAL ARMOURIES MUSEUM, LEEDS, INV. NO. IV. 41 AND A PORTRAIT OF MAXIMILLIAN, HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR (1459-1519) AFTER HANS BURKMAIR, 20TH CENTURY
the right of the bevor bruised; mounted in a domed glass display-case with a printed label, and accompanied by a numbered certificate of authenticity signed by the Master of the Armouries; the second depicting the mounted armoured Holy Roman Emperor with the date above; and an oval engraved portrait (cut out) of a late 17th century sitter wearing a late 16th century Greenwich armour
(3) £60-100
267.    A GROUP OF SMALL ELEMENTS OF ARMOUR
comprising and etched and gilt scaled finger-defence of a late 16th century German gauntlet (the first scale associated); four elements of pikemen's and harquebusiers' shoulder-straps, English, c. 1630-50, the lower rear corner of a lame of a mid-16th century shoulder-defence, a plate fluted in the 'Gothic' style and bearing the initials of Anthony de Reuck, a fragment of iron stated to have been excavated from the site of the battle of Tewksbury, Gloucestershire, fought in 1471, a swivel-hook and pin possibly from a 16th century armour; and two fragments of mail formed of riveted rings of round-section wire, one edged with brass rings of which some are punched and some formed with butted joins, probably Indian 18th/19th century £40-80
268.    A GROUP OF SPEAR AND CROSSBOW-QUARREL HEADS
comprising a leaf-shaped spear-head, struck on each side with a mark, possibly of the South German city of Augsburg, 16th century; a small tanged, leaf-shaped spear-head, possibly Indian, 18th/19th century (lightly patinated); an excavated blade possibly of an Asian spear; and two crossbow quarrel-heads with acute points of triangular section, and the shaft of a quarrel with wooden flight (one lacking its rear end)
(6) £120-180
269.    A COLLECTION OF SHOT OF VARIOUS SIZES
including two of stone for a saker found at Dover Castle, Kent, in 1914, 15th/16th century, seven small shot of lead found at Oliver's Mount Battery, Winchester, 1988, in one case flattened on impact, and in two retaining their casting-sprues, perhaps 17th century, together with a collection of lead shot of various sizes and forms, 16th to 19th centuries, and a large stone-bow projectile from the Thames, 16th-18th centuries £30-50
270.    TWO LEAD-ALLOY TOY SOLDIERS AND THE BASE OF ANOTHER
one representing a musketeer and one a drummer (lacking its head), found in the Thames, 18th/19th century, a small lead-alloy badge in the form of a Medieval archer, together with an arrow, a sword-scabbard and an unidentified device of the same material, and a miniature penknife with mother of pearl grip-plates, late 19th/early 20th century £60-100
271.    AN ANGLO-SAXON SHIELD-BOSS AND GRIP, LATE 5TH OR 6TH CENTURY
the first of Dickinson's type 1.1, the second terminating at each end in adorsed volutes (one missing)

See Dickinson & Härke 1992, pp.10-13 & 24-7, fig. 7 & 16-17 for comparable examples. £250-400
272.    A GROUP OF DETACHED ELEMENTS OF GAUNTLETS OF THE LATE 14TH AND EARLY 15TH CENTURIES
including three knuckle-plates, two of copper-alloy and one of iron with an applied medial rib of copper-alloy; a terminal finger-plate of a gauntlet of engraved copper-alloy; the distal two scales of a thumb-defence and three further thumb or finger-scales
(8) £60-80
273.    AN AUSTRIAN SADDLE, 19TH CENTURY
with leather-covered wooden frame, brass-bound cantle and brass pommel formed as a horse's head
£300-400
274.    AN AUSTRIAN SADDLE, 19TH CENTURY
with leather-covered wooden frame, brass-bound cantle and brass pommel formed as a horse's head £300-400
275.    A PERSIAN BRONZE HORSEBIT, LURISTAN, FIRST MILLENIUM B.C. AND THREE FURTHER EARLY BRONZE HORSEBITS
the first of characteristic form, with recurved bit and an elaborate ibex moulding at each end forming the sidebars; together with a Roman bronze horse bit, with writhen bars and four rings for harness and two further brass bits
(4)

A related example to the first is recorded in the collection of David-Weill see Godard 1931, pl.XLVI, No. 176. £600-800
276.    WINTER, George Simon, Horse Bit Studies, numerous engravings, nos. 1 to 114 numbered consecutively (light foxing, staining); nos. 1 to 60 as single plates and nos. 61-72; 73-84; 85-94; 95-104; 107-113 as group plates (boards and endpapers missing)

£600-800
277.    A WEST EUROPEAN HORSEBIT, EARLY 17TH CENTURY, AND TWO FURTHER BITS
the first of russet iron, with scrolling faceted iron sidebars with delicate floral mouldings, two-piece bit, with its chains; the second with two short sidebars; the third with a ring-shaped bit
(3) £250-300
278.    A WEST EUROPEAN HORSEBIT, 17TH CENTURY, AND THREE FURTHER HORSEBITS
the first with scrolling faceted sidebars, with shaped mouldings, fitted on each side with a gilt-brass boss, decorated with a cherubic mask within a foliate frame (worn), two-piece bit, with its chains; the second with pierced sidebars, openwork washers, and U-shaped bit; and two further bits
(4) £200-300
279.    TWO VICTORIAN GENERAL OFFICERS' HORSEBITS AND EIGHT FURTHER HORSEBITS
the first and second with scrolling sidebars fitted with brass bosses each with the crowned royal cypher and general officer's device; the third for the Cameronians; the fourth for the Queen's own; the fifth for the King's Royal Rifle Corps; two for artillery regiments; and three further regimental horse bits
(10) £250-350
280.    NINE REGIMENTAL HORSEBITS, LATE 19TH / EARLY 20TH CENTURY
the first for the Prince of Wales' Own Hussars; the second for the 18th Hussars; the third for Prince Albert's Own Hussars; the fourth for the 14th King's Hussars; the fifth and sixth for the Prince of Wales' Own Hussars; and three further bits
(9) £400-600
281.    TWO VICTORIAN INFANTRY MOUNTED OFFICER'S HORSE BITS AND SEVEN FURTHER REGIMENTAL HORSEBITS, 19TH CENTURY
each with iron bit and scrolling sidebars, three with brass bosses for the infantry-mounted officers, and the remainder for the Guards
(9) £250-350
282.    A GEORGE V LEEDS CITY POLICE HORSEBIT, ANOTHER POLICE HORSEBIT AND SIX FURTHER VARIOUS BITS
the first and second with chromed scrolling sidebars fitted with white metal and brass bosses; the third, fourth, and fifth decorated with the Garter motto; and three further bits
(8) £120-180
283.    A LIFEGUARD'S HORSEBIT AND A QUANTITY OF TACK
the horsebit chromed, the bosses decorated with Peninsula and Waterloo battle honours, straps decorated with guard stars in white metal
(7) £150-200
284.    A GROUP OF EIGHT VARIOUS HORSEBITS
each fitted with brass side-bosses, the first, second and third with crowned 'VR' cypher enclosed by the Garter; the fourth with crowned royal arms of 'ER II'; the fifth, sixth and seventh with crowned 'ER VII' cypher; and the eighth with 'ER II' cypher
(8) £300-400
285.    FIVE HORSEBITS
each with scrolling sidebars, fitted with brass bosses, the first four with crowned 'VR' cypher; the fifth with 'GR V' cypher; and another
(6) £200-250
286.    TWO MEXICAN SPURS, A MEXICAN HORSEBIT AND SIX FURTHER SOUTH AMERICAN HORSEBITS, 19TH CENTURY
the first with large multi-spike rowel, iron neck and heel-band, each decorated with white metal, the terminals of the latter pierced for straps; the second similar, of iron (pitted); the third of iron inlaid with bands of silver; the fourth inlaid with engraved plaques of silver decorated with flowers and foliage; and five further bits
(9) £250-300
287.    THREE PAIRS OF CHILEAN ROWEL SPURS, LATE 19TH CENTURY
each fitted with iron multi-spiked rowel, white metal neck and heel-band, the latter with pierced terminals for straps
(6) £150-200
288.    TWO PAIRS OF MEXICAN ROWEL SPURS AND ANOTHER PAIR OF SPURS, PROBABLY SOUTH AMERICAN, 19TH CENTURY
the first with large multi-spiked iron rowel, iron necks and heel-bands inlaid with silver geometric designs, and a pair of early plaited straps with buckles; the second similar, with arched openwork necks, faceted heel-bands and early straps; the third fitted with iron multi-spike rowels, white metal bulb-shaped necks, arched heel-bands and a pair of straps
(6) £250-350
289.    A LARGE GROUP OF ROWEL SPURS, MAINLY SOUTH AMERICAN, LATE 18TH TO 20TH CENTURIES
the first with large iron multi-spike rowel, openwork neck, faceted heel-band pierced for straps; the second with large iron multi-spike rowel, neck and heel-band inlaid with white metal bands; the third with iron rowel and iron neck and heel-band inlaid with white metal bands; the fourth similar; the fifth with multi-spike iron rowel, openwork neck, and arched heel-band; and twenty-three further spurs
(28)
£300-400
290.    A BRASS SALUTING CANNON BARREL, 19TH CENTURY
formed in two tapering stages, moulded at the muzzle, and cascable, decorated with a series of concentric lines over its length, and fitted with a pair of trunnions on a sweated-on raised band
24.5 cm; 9 5/8 in barrel
2.5 cm; 1 in bore £250-350
291.    A BRONZE MODEL MORTAR, 20TH CENTURY
formed in four stages, with raised astragal mouldings (the middle band with a very small chip beneath), a pair of basal trunnions, raised vent on its iron-clad wooden bed
7.0 cm; 2 3/4 in barrel
2.6 cm; 1 1/8 in bore £80-120
292.    A RARE EXTERNAL HANGING SIGN FOR A GUNSMITHS FACTORY OR SHOP, LAST QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY
formed as cast iron solid bodied model of a two band Enfield short rifle, fitted with its two original wrought iron hanging chains, and much early black paint
121.0 cm; 47 5/8 in overall

£800-1000
293.    THE ROYAL COMPANY OF ARCHERS UNIFORM OF THE EARL OF GLASGOW,
comprising trousers, tail coat and epaulettes all heavily embroidered with bullion and with the device for the Royal Company, cocked hat by Morgan & Co, 5 Albemarle Street, London W (loop missing), a further cocked hat, aiguillette, two unrelated pieces of embroidered fabric, in original tin case with brass plaque engraved 'Earl of Glasgow' £1200-1800
294.    ˜A SILVER-MOUNTED RHINOCEROS HORN SWAGGER STICK FOR THE ROYAL WARWICKSHIRE REGIMENT, BIRMINGHAM 1880
with worked moulded body, engraved silver cab engraved 'G. Smyth, Coventry March 1896' and silver finial
73.5 cm; 29 in overall

£600-800
295.    AN 1847 PATTERN NAVAL OFFICER'S SWORD RETAILED BY MACKAY, DEVONPORT, EARLY 20TH CENTURY
of regulation type, the blade with traces of etched decoration and the maker's details at the forte (worn), brass hilt with folding side-guard, in its scabbard
78.2 cm; 30 ¾ in blade
£150-200
296.    A NAVAL OFFFICER'S SWORD, COCKED HAT, EPAULETTES, AND ELEMENTS OF UNIFORM FIRST HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY
the sword with etched blade by J. Friedebergof Portsea, regulation hilt engraved 'LEB' on the folding side-guard, in its regulation scabbard; the cocked hat with its bullion, cased; the epaulettes by Bilney & Rowlands, Portsea, with belt, cased, the case lid painted Lt. L. E. Baxter; uniform comprising coat by Gieve Matthews and Seagrove, named to G. H. Andrew and dated 24.6.12, trousers, mess tail coat and waistcoat
the sword: 80.0 cm; 31 1/2 in blade
(7) £400-600
297.    A SILVER CROSS FOR THE OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE MATCH FOR THE CHANCELLORS CHALLENGE PLATE, BIRMINGHAM, 1910 TO G. L. RITCHIE
the front with the arms of Oxford and Cambridge, the reverse engraved G. L. Ritchie 1910, in good condition, cased
6.9 cm; 2 3/4 in

G. L. Ritchie was awarded the Military Cross 26th January 1917 for conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He displayed great courage and determination in collecting and attending to the wounded under very heavy fire.


£60-80
298.    A SMALL PRIMING FLASK FOR THE 9TH BATTALION OF THE ROYAL REGIMENT OF ARTILLERY, CIRCA 1790-1815
of polished horn, with brass nozzle with spring cut-off, brass basal cap engraved '9RAB.6.1', and two loops for suspension
21.0 cm; 8 ¼ in

These flasks were in use circa 1790-1815. Other examples are preserved at the Royal Armouries, Fort Nelson. See Blackmore 1976, p. 182, no. 270.



£250-350
299.    AN ITALIAN POWDER-FLASK, EARLY 17TH CENTURY
with tooled leather body, the inner portion faced in iron and fitted with a short belt hook, fitted with nozzle with spring cut-off and two rings for suspension
19.0 cm; 7 1/2 in high £400-500
300.    A RARE 15 BORE WHEEL-LOCK MUSKET, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY, GERMAN OR DUTCH
with lightly swamped octagonal barrel stamped with a mark (Neue Støckel 7969) at the breech (fore-sight missing light pitting), fitted with moulded brass back-sight, bevelled lock retained by two side-nails, fitted with external wheel retained by a single moulded bracket, angular dog, sliding moulded pan-cover, flat dog (small losses, top-jaw chipped, spring and screw worn), the interior struck with the letters 'IW', blackened hardwood full stock (fore-end cracked at the terminal), flattened on each side of the centre of the fore-end and fitted with a slender transverse arm for a rest, butt of fishtail form, inlaid with an engraved mother-of-pearl oval behind the tang and on the left of the butt decorated with strapwork and foliage, moulded iron trigger-guard, bone forward ramrod-pipe, and wooden ramrod (repaired), perhaps the original
128.5 cm; 50 5/8 in barrel £3000-4000
301.    AN 8 BORE FLINTLOCK CARBINE BY JOSEPH HEYLIN, CORNHILL, TOWER PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1760
with tapering sighted brass barrel formed in five stages with raised mouldings, signed, partially faceted breech struck with the maker's mark, engraved grooved tang, border-engraved stepped lock signed on a scroll, figured walnut full stock carved with a scallop moulding about the tang (small cracks), brass mounts comprising trigger-guard engraved with a rococo flower and with early acorn finial, engraved butt-plate and vacant rococo escutcheon, and a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes and associated horn-tipped ramrod
43.0 cm; 17 in barrel

Joseph Heylin was free of the Gunmaker's Company in 1757, became assistant 1773 and Master in 1777. £1000-1200
302.    A RARE 25-BORE FOUR-SHOT FLINTLOCK FOWLING-PIECE, CIRCA 1730, AUSTRIAN OR GERMAN
with tapering sighted barrel, rotating octagonal breeches incorporating faceted pans and steels (springs restored), engraved stepped lock decorated with a crested coat-of-arms (worn, unclear, cock screw replaced), figured walnut half-stock moulded over the fore-end, about the lock and mounts (fore-end cracked, small chips), the butt with carved raised cheek-piece on the left, brass mounts comprising solid side-plate finely engraved with scrolling foliage inhabited by an exotic bird, trigger-guard with acanthus finial at the rear and iron forward section acting as breech release, butt-plate decorated with scrolls and with pronounced heel (dented), escutcheon decorated with a bust, and faceted ramrod-pipe (ramrod missing)
103.0 cm; 40 1/2 in barrel

The arms appear to be those of the Counts von Spork. £2500-3500
303.    A .680 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK DOUBLE RIFLE BY JOVER AND SON, FROM THE ARMOURY OF THE NIZAM OF HYDERABAD, LONDON PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1790
with rebrowned twist barrels rifled with nine grooves, fitted with gold fore-sight and signed in gold capitals on the rib, breech inlaid with two gold lines, gold vents , stamped with proof marks beneath and with police numbers on the left barrel, engraved grooved breech tang decorated with a gold sunburst, signed stepped bevelled detented locks engraved with trophies-of-arms on the tails, fitted with cocks engraved en suite, semi-rainproof gold-lined pans, and steel springs with rollers, highly figured walnut half-stock, chequered grip, the butt with raised cheek-piece carved with a scroll on the left, engraved steel mounts comprising broad scrolling trigger-guard decorated with a tiger shaded by a palm tree (worn) and with pineapple finial, butt-plate en suite with the trigger-guard, and fore-end cap forming the rear ramrod-pipe, border-engraved vacant silver escutcheon and barrel bolt escutcheons, and associated iron ramrod
80.5 cm; 31 ¾ in barrels

Jover and Son are recorded at 337 Oxford Street circa 1784 until 1796 when they became bankrupt. £5000-7000
304.    A .750 CALIBRE INDIA PATTERN FLINTLOCK MUSKET, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
of regulation type, with tapering sighted barrel struck with proof marks and moulded at the breech, border-engraved rounded lock with 'Tower', 'GR' crowned and Ordnance mark, figured walnut full stock stamped with the letter 'M' opposite the lock and '6H' crudely incised beneath the butt, regulation brass mounts, iron sling swivels, iron ramrod, and bayonet stamped 'JOHN GI-…'
100.4 cm; 39 ½ in barrel £700-900
305.    A .750 CALIBRE EAST INDIA COMPANY TRANSITIONAL PATTERN FLINTLOCK MUSKET, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
of regulation type, with sighted barrel, rounded lock signed 'Wilson' with East India mark on the tail (rubbed), full stock (cracked), brass mounts (one lock retaining screw missing) and iron ramrod
96.5 cm; 38 in barrel

£100-150
306.    A .750 CALIBRE EAST INDIA COMPANY PERCUSSION SAPPER'S CARBINE, CIRCA 1851-5
with sighted barrel, border-engraved lock with the East India Company rampant lion, full stock, brass mounts including trigger-guard and butt-plate, the former with brief Indian inscriptions, iron ramrod, and iron sling swivels (two missing)
76.5 cm; 30 1/8 in barrel

See Harding 1997, pp. 258-9. £400-500
307.    A .650 CALIBRE PERCUSSION THREE BAND MUSKET, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, MID-19TH CENTURY
with blued sighted barrel struck with Ordnance and proof marks at the breech, case-hardened lock engraved with a crown on the tail, full stock, brass mounts, iron ramrod, and two sling swivels
99.5 cm; 39 1/4 in barrel


£300-400
308.    A .577 CALIBRE VICTORIAN THREE-BAND SNIDER-ENFIELD RIFLE, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, DATED 1873
with browned barrel by T. Turner, stamped 1563 on the right of the ladder back-sight, hinged breech cover (defective), dated lock, full stock, chequered fore-end and grip, and iron mounts (clearing rod and one suspension loop missing)
93.0 cm; 36 3/8 in barrel
£400-600
309.    A .577 CALIBRE GREENE'S (BRITISH TYPE) RIFLED CARBINE BY THE MASSACHUSETTS ARMS CO., DATED 1856
with browned sighted barrel, blued breech with 'A2' crowned, back-action lock with VR crowned, Mass Arms Company inscription and Maynard's primer, double trigger, the forward trigger for barrel release, walnut half-stock, iron patchbox cover, iron butt-plate, and trigger-guard, and in good condition with some original finish, with a copy of 'Directions for using Greene's Carbine'
45.7 cm; 18 in barrel

Provenance
Robin Wigington, Arbour Antiques Ltd, 18th November 1990

See Flayderman 1998, pp. 503-4.
£2000-3000
310.    A RARE AMERICAN 40 BORE JENNINGS PATTERN PERCUSSION GUN, CIRCA 1830
converted from flintlock, with octagonal sighted brass barrel stamped '12' beneath the breech and fitted with a broad pierced sleeve fitting over the action, the latter of brass, inscribed 'New York' (rubbed) on top, extending to an iron breech block with six protruding teeth corresponding with the breech apertures, engraved stepped iron lock fitted with engraved side-hammer (screw replaced), brass grip, hardwood butt, brass butt-cap and trigger-guard
83.0 cm; 32 3/4 in barrel

Isaiah Jennings invented his all-metal breech-loading rifle in New York in 1818. It would appear that relatively few examples are extant. £2000-3000
311.    A .46 CALIBRE DUTCH PERCUSSION RIFLE BY J. G. ZELLER TE ARNHEM, CIRCA 1850
with browned octagonal barrel formed with a recessed muzzle for a loading tool and fluted over the forward portion, adjustable back-sight (fore-sight missing), scroll-engraved breech, scroll-engraved tang, signed scroll-engraved lock (hammer missing), double set trigger (the forward trigger missing), figured walnut half-stock, the butt with raised cheek-piece on the left, the spine with provision for a tang-sight (removed), engraved iron mounts including trigger-guard shaped for the fingers and engraved with a quiver of arrows, scroll-engraved flush-fitting side-plate, spurred butt-plate, and sling swivel, horn fore-end cap and brass-tipped ramrod
77.3 cm; 30 1/2 in barrel

£500-700
312.    A 15 BORE D.B. PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN BY KITHER, DARTFORD, LONDON PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1840
with browned twist barrels signed on the rib, engraved breech with gold lines, pierced platinum plugs, signed border and scroll-engraved back-action locks, highly figured walnut half-stock (fore-end cracked through), chequered grip, and engraved iron mounts en suite with the tang and locks, comprising trigger-guard (terminal extended) and butt-plate, and brass-tipped ramrod
71.0 cm; 28 in barrels
£400-600
313.    A .56 CALIBRE 1801/16 PATTER FLINTLOCK SHORT SEA SERVICE PISTOL
of regulation specifications, the barrel struck with Ordnance marks at the breech, border-engraved lock with 'GR' crowned and 'Tower', border-engraved ring-neck cock, figured walnut full stock (repaired above the lock), carved with a moulding about the tang, regulation brass mounts including pommel punched '25' on the right, iron belt hook and ramrod
22.8 cm; 9 in barrel

See Brooker 2016, pp. 179-180. £1500-1800
314.    A 14 BORE FRENCH MODEL AN9 FLINTLOCK PISTOL, DATED 1810
of regulation specifications, the barrel dated at the breech and with the model number on the tang, lock with St Etienne arsenal inscription, stock dated on the right (fore-end cracked), regulation brass furniture, and iron ramrod
20.0 cm; 7 7/8 in barrel
£400-500
315.    A BELGIAN .650 CALIBRE PERCUSSION CAVALRY PISTOL, LIÈGE PROOF, CIRCA 1860
of regulation type, the lock by Dresse Laloux & Cie, three-quarter stock, brass mounts comprising side-plate, trigger-guard and butt-cap, later iron muzzle band, back-strap and ramrod
19.5 cm; 7 3/4 in barrel £150-200
316.    A .700 CALIBRE CONTINENTAL PERCUSSION CAVALRY PISTOL, CIRCA 1840
with tapering barrel retained by a single brass barrel band, regulation lock fitted with scroll-engraved hammer, full stock, and regulation brass mounts (worn, repairs)
19.2 cm; 7 5/8 in barrel
£120-180
317.    THE BARRELS AND STOCK OF THREE ENGLISH PISTOLS AND A PISTOL SIGNED CLARKSON, 18TH CENTURY AND LATER
the first mid-18th century, converted from flintlock, with three-stage barrel, full stock (cut-down) and brass spurred pommel with grotesque cap; the second mid-18th century, with tapering barrel (pitted), and brass grotesque mask butt-cap and openwork side-plate; the third early 19th century, with rebrowned octagonal barrel inscribed 'London', and the fourth composite, with tapering barrel, signed lock and brass mounts (each worn throughout)
the first: 22.3 cm; 8 3/4 in barrel
(4) £200-300
318.    A FINE CASED .450 CALIBRE RIFLED PERCUSSION PISTOL BY ALEX THOMSON, EDINBURGH, CIRCA 1835-40
with signed rebrowned twist octagonal sighted multi-groove rifled barrel, engraved case-hardened breech with platinum plug, engraved case-hardened grooved tang, signed engraved case-hardened flush-fitting lock with side hammer decorated en suite, figured walnut three-quarter stock, finely chequered butt, engraved case-hardened iron butt-cap with trap and barrel bolt escutcheons, engraved blued trigger-guard, vacant silver escutcheon, carved horn fore-end cap, and no provision for a ramrod: in original fitted oak case lined in plum velvet, the lid with trade label for 16 Union Place, complete with accessories including three-way flask, associated bullet mould, nipple-wrench and rammer
16.7 cm; 6 1/2 in barrel

Alexander Thomson is recorded at this address circa 1833-44. £3000-4000
319.    ˜The Property of a Gentleman

AN EXCEPTIONAL CASED PAIR OF 30 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK DUELLING PISTOLS OF PRESENTATION QUALITY BY JOHN MANTON, LONDON, NO. 1921, LONDON 1790/1, SILVER MAKER'S MARK OF MICHAEL BARNETT, PROBABLY MADE FOR FRANCIS INGRAM SEYMOUR-CONWAY (1743-1822), 2ND MARQUESS OF HERTFORD
with heavy octagonal browned twist scratch rifled barrels signed in gold capitals, fitted with gold fore-sights, the breeches with blued steel back-sights, inlaid with a gold line and with gold-lined vents (two very small areas of light pitting, minor scratches), engraved case-hardened tangs decorated with trophies-of-arms and scrolls, signed stepped case-hardened bevelled locks fitted with cocks en suite, engraved case-hardened steels with rollers, blued bolt safety-catches also locking the steels, gold-lined semi-rainproof pans, detents, and blued set triggers, highly figured walnut half-stocks with finely formed chequered swelling 'bag-shaped' butts, very fine full silver mounts en rocaille comprising trigger-guards engraved with trophies-of-arms on the bows and each struck with Paris petite garantie mark used from 1819, the terminals chased with trophies involving a classical helmet, side-plates chased in high relief with elaborate trophies-of-arms, butt-caps decorated with further trophies centring on a Satyr mask at the front and with a classical armour beneath a canopy at the base of the spine, each struck with Paris mark en suite with the trigger-guards, escutcheons with small traces of the owner's engraved crest (partially erased) and with borders chased en suite, rear ramrod-pipes chased with further trophies and a rococo bow, silver fore-end caps, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, original horn-tipped ramrods, retaining most of their original finish and perhaps unfired: in their fitted mahogany case, probably the original (cracks, ivory key escutcheon replaced), the interior with green baize (perhaps early), with leather-covered imitation tortoise shell three-way flask (small losses), and cleaning rod, with a small card typed and inscribed with provenance details
25.5 cm; 10 in barrels
38.2 cm; 15 in overall

Provenance
Probably, Francis Ingram Seymour-Conway (1743 - 1822), 2nd Marquess of Hertford
Major Hugh Pollard, sold December 1922 for £30
Major H. W. Hall, sold Sotheby's 1967
Macdonald Beathy, sold 1968
Wilfred Ward, sold Christie's King Street, 27th October 1993, lot 105, £32,200

These pistols have been associated with a Marquess of Hertford since the early 20th Century. What remains of the crest would reinforce this attribution though insufficient detail remains to be absolutely certain of this. The attribution of the original owner to Richard, 5th Marquis of Hertford, must be discounted as he was born in 1818. The second Marquis, cited above is perhaps the most plausible candidate, passing to his son, Francis Charles Seymour-Conway, 3rd Marquess and from him to Richard Seymour-Conway, 4th Marquess, whose widow founded the Wallace Collection. The latter spent his early life in Paris and this might explain the later French marks on the trigger-guards and butt-caps.

Francis Ingram-Seymour-Conway, Second Marquess of Hertford (1743-1822), was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford followed by a grand tour with his tutor, the antiquary Walter Bowman, in 1764-5. He entered the House of Commons in 1766 as member for Lostwithiel and took over the borough of Orford in 1768. He spoke regularly in the House of Commons and was credited 'if not with eloquence, at least with knowledge of the subject'. During the American War of Independence he was a reliable supporter of Lord North's administration and held ministerial offices including lord of the Treasury and a privy councillor for Great Britain from 1780. However, he never attained the post of secretary at war to which he aspired. While a strong supporter of the political links between Britain and Ireland, he argued against the formal political and commercial union of the two countries. In the later part of his career in the Commons he was generally associated with the Foxite opposition against Pitt, but in 1793 spoke in favour of the Aliens Bill, seconding Pitt's address to the king, which paved the way for the abandonment of neutrality in favour of war with revolutionary France. Later in the same year he was employed as an informal roving ambassador to the king of Prussia and to other German courts, and was given a military mission in that area the following year. In 1797 he acquired the lease of Manchester (later Hertford) House which became his principal London residence, and it remained within the Hertford family until the establishment of the Wallace Collection by his grandson. On Pitt's return to government in 1804 Hertford was appointed master of the horse (1804-6) and later installed as a Knight of the Garter. Through his wife's influence at court he became lord chamberlain of the household (1812-21). He died on 17 June 1822 at Hertford House, Manchester Square, London, and was buried in the family vault in Ragley, Warwickshire.

Literature
John A. Atkinson, The British Duelling Pistol, p. 74
D.H.L. Back, The Mantons, 1993, p. 33
B. Dickens, "M·B" The Gun Makers' Silversmith - A Question of Attribution" in Journal of the Arms & Armour Society, March 1999, pp 110 - 114.
W. Keith Neal & D.H.L. Back, The Manton Supplement, 1978, p.54
Wilfrid J. Ward, Duels & Duelling, in, Guns Review, June 1983, p.449,
British Pistol Duelling & its Weapons in Man at Arms, volume six, number four, July/August, 1984, p.10 and front cover
Weapons of Honour, in Country Life, 3rd October, 1985, p.965
An Honourable Affair - The Duelist's Code, in Lloyd's Log, November, 1985, p.42

An x-ray of the trigger-guards reveals hallmarks including the date letter for 1790/91. The x-ray also shows evidence of a trigger-guard spur that was probably not fitted.

These pistols belong to a group of only four known examples by this maker with exceptionally elaborate silver mounts, all of the same design, by Michael Barnett. The others comprise: a cased pair, formerly in the Keith Dill collection, with serial number 2837 and hallmarked for 1797, sold Rock Island Auctions, 6 May 2017, lot 2169 (£80,500 ($103,500), including premium); an uncased pair attributed to the ownership of General James Hope Grant, formerly in the collection of Norman Dixon, with serial number 1166 and hallmarked for 1789 sold Bonhams, Knightsbridge 18th April 2012, lot 317, (£31,250 including premium); and another pair, serial numbered 1919 and hallmarked for 1790, remain in the Keith Neal Collection. The present pair is the only example in the group that are half-stocked, a notably early feature. It is also the finest of the group to be offered for sale.

Further information, including x-rays, a discussion of the provenance and the silver mounts, is included with this lot and will be available to prospective bidders.


£35000-45000
320.    A PAIR OF 20 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK TURN-OFF PISTOLS BY T. RICHARDS, CIRCA 1770
with cannon barrels moulded at the muzzles, struck with the maker's mark, Birmingham private view and proof marks at the breeches, tangs of shaped outline, signed rounded locks (signatures worn, top-jaws and screws replaced), figured walnut half-stocks (repairs), inlaid with silver wire scrolls and pellets about the tangs, silver mounts cast and chased in low relief, comprising openwork dragonesque side-plates, grotesque mask butt-caps, and vacant escutcheons, and engraved iron trigger-guards with acorn finials
14.5 cm; 5 3/4 in barrels
(2)
£1500-2000
321.    AN 18 BORE FLINTLOCK LIVERY PISTOL BY GRIFFIN & TOW, CIRCA 1772-82
with tapering barrel inscribed 'London' within a linear frame extending to a loop over the breech, struck with the barrelsmith 's mark and proof marks, signed rounded lock (cock retaining screw replaced, cleaned), full stock (fore-end replaced), brass mounts including engraved flush-fitting scrolling side-plate, trigger-guard with finial of shaped outline, spurred pommel, and border-engraved vacant escutcheon (later ramrod)
17.8 cm; 7 in barrel

Joseph Griffin and Benjamin Tow were in partnership 1772-82. £600-800
322.    A 140 BORE FLINTLOCK MUFF PISTOL BY COOK, BATH, CIRCA 1800
with turn-off barrel engraved with foliage around the muzzle, box-lock action signed in an oval carried by trophies-of-arms on the left and inscribed 'Bath' on the right, sliding thumb-piece safety-catch also locking the steel, folding trigger and flat-sided walnut butt
2.8 cm; 1 1/8 in barrel
£300-400
323.    A 54 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOL BY BENNET SOUTHAMPTON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1830, AND ANOTHER SIGNED NOCK, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1830
each with run-off barrel, box-lock actions engraved with trophies and signed on the left, sliding thumb-piece safety-catches also locking the steels, the first with folding trigger and the second with engraved trigger-guard, and flat-sided walnut butt (the iron parts pitted)
the first: 4.0 cm; 1 1/2 in barrel
(2) £250-350
324.    A 32 BORE PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOL BY FOWLER, DUBLIN, CIRCA 1820 AND ANOTHER, 54 BORE, BY COLE, WHITCHURCH
the first with turn-off barrel retaining traces of blued finish, box-lock action signed within an oval carried by trophies-of-arms on the left and inscribed 'Dublin' within an oval on the right, sliding thumb-piece safety-catch, folding trigger, flat-sided walnut butt vacant silver escutcheon; the second with turn-off barrel, box-lock action signed on a trophy-of-arms on the left, sliding thumb-piece safety-catch also protecting the nipple, and flat-sided walnut butt
the first: 4.0 cm; 1 1/2 in barrel
(2) £250-350
325.    A 56 BORE PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOL SIGNED NOCK, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1840 AND A BELGIAN PIN-FIRE REVOLVER, LIÈGE, CIRCA 1870
the first with tapering turn-off barrel, signed box-lock action, sliding thumb-piece safety-catch, flat-sided walnut butt and engraved iron trigger-guard; the second with octagonal signed barrel, plated cylinder and frame, the latter with loading-gate on the right, folding trigger, and ebonised butt
the first: 6.0 cm; 2 3/8 in barrel
(2)

£300-400
326.    A 16 BORE TRAVELLING PISTOL BY BARNETT, LONDON, CIRCA 1810 AND A 16 BORE FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL OF EAST INDIA COMPANY TYPE, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
the first with tapering sighted barrel formed with a long flat, signed stepped bolted lock (top-jaw and bolt replaced), figured walnut full stock, engraved iron trigger-guard and stirrup ramrod (the iron parts polished and with areas of pitting); the second with tapering barrel, rounded lock of regulation type, full stock impressed opposite the lock, brass mounts including flat butt-cap with iron ring for a lanyard and no provision for a ramrod
the first: 23.0 cm; 9 in barrel
(2)

£500-700
327.    A HIGHLAND FLINTLOCK DRESS PISTOL BY CHRISTIE, TOWER PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1820
with blued iron barrel with fluted breech and faceted muzzle, the middle section engraved with a broad band of symmetrical scrollwork inhabited by a bird-of-prey against a matted ground, signed lock decorated en suite, fitted with matching cock and sliding bolt safety, gilt-copper stock chiselled in low relief with elaborate patterns of scrolling foliage and flowers over its full length, demon mask butt-cap, blued iron trigger-guard and associated iron ramrod (the iron parts reblued, the gilding rubbed on the high points)
18.5 cm; 7 1/4 in barrel

A similar pair of pistols by this maker, formerly on loan to the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, Maryland, were sold Sotheby's Olympia, 7th December 2001, lot 271 (£17,550, including premium).

John Christie is recorded working in the Small Gun Office, the Tower of London 1794-1830. £2500-3000
328.    A 28 BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, CIRCA 1640-50
with tapering octagonal barrel, rounded lock retained by three side nails (one shortened), fitted with external wheel retained by a small bracket and sliding pan-cover with button release, figured walnut full stock moulded about the tang and over the fore-end, compressed swelling butt bound with an iron band, iron mounts comprising trigger-guard, ramrod-pipe and iron fore-end cap, and iron-tipped wooden ramrod (the iron parts polished bright)
46.4 cm; 18 1/4 in barrel
£1500-2000
329.    THE PROPERTY OF A EUROPEAN COLLECTOR

A FINE 18 BORE FRENCH SILVER-MOUNTED ROYAL FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL MADE FOR JOHN V, KING OF PORTUGAL (1689, 1706-50) BY LE HOLLANDOIS A PARIS AUX GALLERIES
CIRCA 1726
with lightly swamped barrel octagonal over the breech, formed with a long shaped flat decorated with gilt scrollwork, monsterhead tendrils, a mask and the barrelsmiths monogram (Neue Støckel 8128) the underside of the barrel with some early blued finish, engraved tang decorated with a classical profile and with the inventory number '31', bevelled lock decorated with a delicate dog tooth border, chiselled with a monstrous espagnolette mask on a gilt ground on the tail, signed in a rectangular frame observed by a putto above and with a trophy-of-arms on the right, chiselled and gilt cock, chiselled top-jaw and steel , the latter en suite with the tail, engraved faceted pan, highly figured walnut full stock moulded over the fore-end, carved with delicate leafy tendrils and strapwork about the rear ramrod-pipe and the tang, decorated with a small scalloped moulding ahead of the lock side-plate and behind the tang, full silver mounts cast and chased in low relief against a finely matted gilt ground (rubbed, gilding missing in some places), comprising side-plate decorated with two trophies-of-arms within a dogtooth framework, spurred pommel decorated with tendrils matching the stock, trophies-of-arms, a mask on each side, and a further trophy on the cap, trigger-guard decorated with a framed profile portrait of Diana the huntress beneath a canopy with a trophy-of-hunting suspended from the frame, two ramrod-pipes decorated with leafy tendrils carrying a monstrous mask, and escutcheon decorated with the crowned Royal Arms (later ramrod)
31.0 cm; 12 ¼ in barrel

Provenance
Rainer Daehnhardt

By tradition this was presented to King John V of Portugal in 1727 following the fire that devastated the Portuguese Royal Manufactory the preceding year.

Le Hollandois was the son of the gunmaker of the same name who worked in partnership with Thuraine in the third quarter of the 17th century, perhaps best known for the remarkable pattern books that bear their names. The younger Le Hollandois was called Adrien Reynier, and is recorded in Paris as a journeyman in 1705, received French nationality 1711, became Arquebusier Ordinaire du Roi 1723 and was given a logement at the Louvre on 18th January 1724, as successor to Bertrand Piraube. See Hayward 1963, p. 47 and Lenk 1965, p. 80. £8000-12000
330.    A 180 BORE LIÈGOIS FOUR BARRELLED TAP-ACTION FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOL BY AUGUST FRANCOTTE, CIRCA 1830
with tapering barrels arranged in a cluster, border-engraved breech stamped with the maker's mark (Neue Støckel 1257) on the left, engraved box-lock action with a bouquet on each side, fitted with tap-lever on the left and with sliding thumb-piece safety-catch also locking the steels, chequered walnut butt carved with palmette behind the action, fitted with a hardwood oval at the base, and engraved trigger-guard
3.0 cm; 1 1/8 in barrels
£1000-1200
331.    A 22 BORE FRENCH FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL BY CHASTEAU A PARIS, CIRCA 1760
with tapering barrel fitted with silver bead fore-sight and formed with a flat, chiselled with scrolls enclosing a warrior rondel over the breech on a gilt ground, engraved grooved tang, stepped lock signed on a scroll beneath the pan, engraved with trophies-of-arms and scrolls on a gold ground, full stock carved with scrolls of foliage in low relief (rubbed), iron mounts chiselled and gilt en suite with the lock and breech, comprising openwork side-plate, trigger-guard with moulded finial, and spurred pommel (the iron parts with areas of pitting, rubbed and patinated)
20.5 cm; 8 in barrel

Chasteau was arquebusier du Roi to Louis XV, see Hayward 1963, p. 45. £600-800
332.    A 32 BORE NORTH ITALIAN FLINTLOCK PISTOL, EARLY 18TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel formed in four stages, signed 'Domenico Bomo' over the breech, plain tang, rounded lock chiselled with a green man mask on the tail, engraved with a reclining putto beneath the pan, chiselled lock, pan and steel, moulded walnut full stock (fore-end replaced), carved with a raised moulding about the tang, iron mounts comprising finely pierced and engraved side-plate involving a demi-figure on an elaborate panel of scrolling foliage, spurred pommel and trigger-guard each chiselled en suite with the lock, two engraved ramrod-pipes, and later ramrod
23.0 cm; 9 in barrel

The signature is perhaps a version of Domenico Bonomino whose name appears on a large number of firearms. In this instance it might be for one Domenico B, possibly a merchant, recorded buying barrels in 1697 and 1720. See Carpegna 1997, pp. 153-4.
£700-900
333.    A PAIR OF 54 BORE BELGIAN PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOLS, LIÈGE, MID-19TH CENTURY AND A 50 BORE PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOL, 19TH CENTURY
the first with octagonal brass barrels moulded at the muzzles, integral brass box-lock actions, walnut butts and iron trigger-guards; the second with octagonal barrel, box-lock action, walnut butt and iron trigger-guard
the first: 6.0 cm; 2 3/8 in barrels
(3)
£250-350
334.    A PAIR OF 15 BORE AUSTRIAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY IOHANN ZEFFEL IN WIENN, CIRCA 1720
with swamped barrels grooved inside the muzzles, signed in full on a long flat and fitted with brass fore-sights, the breeches chiselled with an engraved strapwork panel enriched with a gilt fish-roe ground, engraved breech tangs numbered '1' and '2' respectively, strongly bevelled brass locks chiselled with foliage and grotesques (one inoperative, one steel chipped), full stocks moulded over the fore-ends, about the locks and the mounts (small cracks and repairs), carved with foliage and a flower in low relief about the tangs, inlaid in silver wire with the owner's initials 'FN' in a shield, full brass mounts including openwork side-plates involving scrolling foliate demi-figures, trigger-guards chiselled with grotesques on the bows and with foliate terminals, spurred pommels decorated with strapwork, and a pair of ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end caps and each with horn-tipped wooden ramrod, perhaps the original
35.2 cm; 13 7/8 in barrels
(2)

Johann Zeffel of Wiesenthal is recorded as master gunstocker in Wiener Neustadt 22 June 1711. See Schedelmann 1944, p. 35. £3500-4500
335.    TWO SAXON LONG WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS, DRESDEN, CIRCA 1610, ALMOST CERTAINLY MADE FOR THE TRABANTENLEIBGARDE OF THE PRINCE ELECTOR CHRISTIAN II
almost forming a pair, with long slender barrels formed in two stages, chiselled with a band of beadwork over the octagonal breeches, stamped 'HS' for Hans Stockmann (Neue Støckel 3099) and with a series of decorative marks, plain locks retained by two side nails, fitted with domed iron wheel-covers, sliding pan-covers with button releases, and moulded dogs, fruitwood full stocks inlaid over their length in staghorn with foliate plaques about the tangs (one incomplete), with further engraved staghorn pellets, including rosettes, and, about the side nails, a snail and a marine monster, the rear portion set within segmental lines, fluted lemon-shaped pommels decorated en suite (one stock cracked, small losses), engraved horn ramrod-pipes and fore-end caps, iron trigger-guards, one incorporating trigger-return spring (the other missing), and horn-tipped ramrods, probably the original
48 cm; 18 7/8 in barrels
(2)

Provenance
The former Saxon Electoral Armoury, Dresden

Hans Stockman is recorded working in Dresden from 1590 until his death in 1639. He became a master of the gunmaker's guild in 1603 and Burger of Dresden in 1605. He made a number of arms for the Electoral Armoury of which well over one hundred still remain. See Schaal 1975, p. 46.

These pistols are almost identical to other examples made for the Electoral Guard. However, they do not include the Electoral Arms and the Archmarshallship of the Holy Roman Empire which are present on other examples. £10000-12000
336.    A CASED PAIR OF 28 BORE FRENCH REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD FLINTLOCK RIFLED OFFICER'S PISTOLS BY BOUTET DIRECTEUR ARTISTE MANUFRE A VERSAILLES, CIRCA 1794-1799
with signed octagonal swamped sighted polygroove rifled barrels stamped with the barrelsmith's marks (Neue Støckel 95 and 7249) at the breeches and fitted with standing back-sights, stepped bevelled locks inscribed 'Manufre a Versailles, one lock struck with a mark, 'V3' beneath a Phrygian cap, figured walnut full stocks, angular butts, iron mounts of shaped outline, comprising trigger-guard with shaped finial, oval butt-cap, a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes, and horn-tipped wooden ramrods, one perhaps the original: in a later case (interior stripped), with a mallet
21.3 cm; 8 3/8 in barrels

The mark on the lock is discussed in the 1993-4 Versailles exhibition of this maker's work, p. 90.
£5000-7000
337.    A FINE AND RARE CASED PAIR OF 28 BORE FRENCH FLINTLOCK PISTOLS OF PRESENTATION QUALITY BY BOUTET ET FILS A VERSAILLES, CIRCA 1800
reconverted from percussion, with lightly swamped octagonal sighted multi-groove rifled barrels decorated along their length with a finely matted pattern sown with minute gold stars, decorated with a gold band at the muzzles and with a broad band at the breech, the latter struck with gold-lined marks comprising the letters, 'LC', 'Boutet', and two further marks (Neue Støckel 95 and 97), engraved burnished steel tangs decorated with neo-classical designs and incorporating the back-sights, signed locks with fluted borders, formed with stepped tails decorated with a batwing design, set triggers, figured walnut full stocks, characteristic finely chequered butts encircled with silver nails around the base, full burnished steel mounts cast and chased in low relief, comprising trigger-guards with baluster terminals decorated with vine fruit and foliage and long foliate terminals involving three ram's heads, butts with oval caps decorated with foliage around the edges, two-piece bat-wing side-plates, rear ramrod-pipe en suite with the trigger-guard, moulded forward ramrod-pipe, early ivory-tipped whale-bone ramrods: in fitted case, perhaps the original, the lid veneered in burrwood (cracked) and with flush-fitting carrying handle, the interior lined in blue velvet, and complete with accessories including lyre-shaped flask, bullet mould, mainspring clamp, turn-screw, wad-cutter and oil bottle
31.0 cm; 12 ¼ in barrels

Nicolas-Noël Boutet (1761-1833) the distinguished maker of armes de luxe inherited the position of gunmaker to Louis XIV from his father-in-law, Pierre de Sainte (active 1747-88). In 1792 he became technical Director at the new Versailles Manufactory and in 1800 rose to Directeur Artiste with overall control. He held this position until the closure of the manufactory in 1818. Boutet died fifteen years later in poverty, his career having survived six French Political regimes. His son, Pierre-Nicolas, (1789-1816) worked with him as Boutet et Fils. £20000-30000
338.    A CASED PAIR OF 32 BORE FRENCH PERCUSSION RIFLED TARGET PISTOLS BY VASSELLON A MARSEILLES, MID-19TH CENTURY
with octagonal etched twist sighted barrels inscribed 'Canons Damas De Paris' in gold script in a gilt linear frame, scroll-engraved breeches with pronounced fences about the percussion bolsters and stamped 'A Bernard' beneath, engraved tangs incorporating the back-sights, scroll-engraved stepped flush-fitting locks signed in gilt capital letters, blued triggers, highly figured walnut half-stocks carved with scrollwork over the fore-ends, fluted butts, engraved spurred steel trigger-guards and butt-caps, and no provision for ramrods: in their original case veneered in exotic wood on the outside, fitted interior lined in blue velvet, the lid with tooled and gilt leather maker's label, complete with accessories including copper powder-flask with a game vignette and bullet mould
25.5 cm; 10 in barrels £3500-4500
339.    A CASED PAIR OF 100 BORE BELGIAN PERCUSSION RIFLED TARGET PISTOLS, LIÈGE PROOF, NO. 3611, CIRCA 1860
each with octagonal blued sighted multi-groove rifled barrel, scroll-engraved case-hardened breech, scroll-engraved case-hardened tang with adjustable back-sight, scroll-engraved case-hardened stepped flush-fitting lock decorated en suite with the breech and tang, highly figured walnut half-stock with finely chequered fore-end and butt, finely engraved case-hardened steel mounts comprising spurred trigger-guard (one with light rust) and butt-caps, no provision for a ramrod, and retaining much finish throughout: in their original veneered case with fitted interior lined in plum velvet, complete with accessories including moulds for ball and rifle bullets, nipple wrench and mallet
25.5 cm; 19 in barrels £3000-4000
340.    A PAIR OF FRENCH 54 BORE PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOLS, MID-19TH CENTURY
with turn-off barrels, scroll-engraved actions, folding triggers, and fluted ebonised butts, in a later case
5.7 cm; 2 1/4 in barrels


£350-450
341.    A COMBINATION TOOL IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE AND A BULLET MOULD
the first: of turned iron with brass centre, incorporating a wheel-lock spanner and a small pricker; the second of brass and formed of two hinged pieces, with provision for ball and conical bullets, and fitted with iron spru-cutter
the first: 16.0 cm; 6 1/4 in
(2)
£150-200
342.    A 54 BORE FRENCH LEFAUCHEUX FIVE-SHOT SINGLE-ACTION PIN-FIRE PEPPERBOX REVOLVER, NO. 63, CIRCA 1850
with tapering browned twist barrel group each formed in two stages, scroll-engraved rounded action decorated with vine foliage signed 'Lefaucheux Brevete Fabricateur a Paris' and stamped with the maker's mark (Neue Støckel 7770) around the fence, ring trigger decorated en suite, and fluted ebonised butt
7.2 cm; 2 3/4 in barrels

£800-1200
343.    A 54 BORE SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION TRANSITIONAL REVOLVER BY PARKER, FIELD & CO., 233 HOLBORN, LONDON, CIRCA 1860
with signed rebrowned sighted barrel fitted with sprung rammer with scroll-engraved pivoting terminal on the right, plain cylinder with London proof marks, scroll-engraved action fitted with long spurred hammer, finely chequered butt, engraved iron trigger-guard and butt-cap, the latter with trap (areas of pitting)
15.5 cm; 6 1/8 in barrel

£800-1200
344.    A RARE 7.8MM (BERGMANN) BERGMANN NO. 5/1897 SELF-LOADING PISTOL, NO. 396, WITH SHOULDER STOCK NO. 534
with blued round barrel fitted with blued block-mounted pyramidal blade fore-sight, the slide stamped 'Pistolet Bergmann / Patent Brevete S.G.D.G.', frame with blued adjustable open-sights from '100' to '1000' metres, side-safety, associated box magazine (not numbered, probably later, top clip chipped and detached) with circular inspection ports corresponding to its housing, and chequered hard-rubber grips with Bergmann gothic 'B' on each face, with associated leather shoulder-stock holster serial numbered 534, with side pouch and suspension strap, and with some original finish throughout
7.7 cm; 3 in barrel
(2)

The Bergman model 1897 underwent trials by both the Swiss and British military before being ultimately rejected. The British rejected it as they were looking for a 11mm calibre weapon. Around 800 pistols of this type are believed to have been made most of which went to commercial customers. See Ezell 1981 p. 369.


£4000-6000
345.    A RARE 6.5MM (BERGMANN) BERGMANN NO.3/1896 SELF-LOADING PISTOL, NO. 468
with blued sighted barrel, the frame engraved 'Patent Bréveté S.G.D.G.' with German inspection mark and '278' above, side lever-safety on left, Bergman miner mark on the right, sprung downward loading gate with inspection ports on the right, chequered wooden grips, and integral iron lanyard ring
9.5 cm; 3 3/4 in barrel



£1000-1500
346.    A RARE 8MM (BERGMANN) BERGMANN NO.4/1896 SELF-LOADING PISTOL, NO. 2634
with blued sighted barrel, the frame engraved 'Patent Bréveté S.G.D.G.' with German inspection mark above, side lever-safety on left, Bergman miner mark on the right, sprung downward loading gate with inspection ports on the right, chequered wooden grips, and integral iron lanyard ring
9.5 cm; 3 3/4 in barrel



£1000-1500
347.    A RARE 8MM (BERGMANN) BERGMANN NO.4/1896 SELF-LOADING PISTOL, NO. 4133
with associated sighted blued barrel, the frame engraved 'Patent Bréveté S.G.D.G.' with German inspection mark above, side lever-safety on left, Bergman miner mark on the right, sprung downward loading gate with inspection ports on the right engraved 'Pistolet Bergmann', chequered hard-rubber grips with Bergmann gothic 'B' on each face, and integral iron lanyard ring
9.5 cm; 3 3/4 in barrel
£1000-1500
348.    A RARE 8MM (BERGMANN) BERGMANN NO.4/1896 SELF-LOADING PISTOL, NO. 3565
with sighted barrel, the frame engraved 'Patent Bréveté S.G.D.G.' with German inspection mark above and with side lever-safety on left, Bergman miner mark on the right, sprung downward loading gate stamped 'Pistolet Bergmann' and with inspection ports on the right, chequered wooden grips, and integral iron lanyard ring
16.0 cm; 6 1/4 in barrel £800-1000
349.    A RARE 5MM (BERGMANN) BERGMANN NO.2/1896 SELF-LOADING PISTOL, NO. 1179
with blued sighted barrel, blued frame engraved 'Patent Bréveté S.G.D.G.' with German inspection mark and the number '611' above, Bergman miner mark and side lever-safety on left, sprung downward loading gate with inspection ports on the right, hard rubber grips with Bergmann gothic 'B' on each face, and integral iron lanyard ring
7.5 cm; 3 in barrel


£800-1000
350.    A 5MM SPANISH CHAROLA ANITUA PATENT SECOND MODEL PISTOL
with blued sighted barrel inscribed 'I. CHAROLA, EIBAR, CAL 5 m/m', blued action with registered mark on the left, polished bone grips, iron trigger-guard and iron lanyard ring
9.5 cm; 3 3/4 in barrel

Around 900 of these pistols were manufactured in the late 19th century. £400-500
351.    A FINE CASED BELGIAN 70-BORE COLLETTE PATENT GRAVITY-FED BREECH-LOADING TARGET PISTOL RETAILED BY JONGEN FRES A LIEGE, NO VC 1106, CIRCA 1860
with blued octagonal rifled barrel, blued sighted magazine-cover, blued pivoting bullet-seater, bright rising breech-block and hammer with chequered spur, blued knurled thumb-piece safety-catch, engraved case-hardened rounded tapering action decorated with scrolling foliage and signed on a scroll on the left, signed 'V. Coleette Brevete' around the tang screw, engraved case-hardened spurred trigger-guard and butt-cap each en suite with the action, rounded fluted butt carved with a panel of foliage on each side, and much original finish throughout: in its fitted oak case lined in green velvet with full accessories including engraved case-hardened bullet mould en suite with the action, extra strikers, the exterior of the lid with circular brass escutcheon, Liège proof
23.0 cm; 9 in barrel

Victor Collette (1836-1909) patented his gravity-fed multi-shot system in Belgium in 1857 having shown it at the Paris exhibition of 1855. The tube magazine holds around forty rounds of self-contained bullets. It proved unfavourable as it was difficult to clean.
£2000-3000
352.    A RARE 9MM FRENCH MODEL 1854 PIN-FIRE RIFLED PISTOL BY TREUILLE DE BEAULIEU FOR THE 'CENT GARDE' OF NAPOLEON III, CIRCA 1854
with sighted barrel rifled with four grooves and moulded at the muzzle, patent action including vertical breech-block operated by a knurled looped lever, regulation figured walnut full stock, spurred trigger-guard, butt-plate with a loop on the left for suspension, and the metal parts chromed throughout
29.0 cm; 11 3/8 in barrel

The Cent-Gardes were created by Napoleon III. The contract for their firearms was awarded to Treuille de Beaulieu. Baron Antoine Hector Thésée Treuille de Beaulieu (1809-1886) was a French General and Captain Inspector of the Châtellerault manufactory. He was a similar age to the Emperor, Napoleon III, and they enjoyed a shared a passion for artillery and firearms. Following a period of study at the Bourges Artillery School he presented a paper on breech-loading, barrel rifling and the use of small calibres in 1842. In 1854 he made the pin-fire muskets for the 'Cent-Gardes' of Napoleon III. Three carbines from this group were sold in these rooms, 29th June 2016, lots 437, 438 and 439.

Another pistol from this group is preserved in the Musée Art et Industrie, St Etienne. For others see Brooker 2006, pp. 212-213. £2000-3000
353.    A BELGIAN 11MM LEMAT TEN-SHOT CENTRE FIRE REVOLVER, LIÈGE PROOF, CIRCA 1860
with 4 1/2 in octagonal sighted barrel stamped 'Colonel Lemat Patent' on the top flat and fitted with rammer on the right, nine-shot cylinder, 22 bore central buckshot barrel, rammer with additional pivoting nose for the buck-shot barrel, frame numbered '111' on the right, walnut butt, trigger-guard numbered 210, and with suspension loop ahead
24.5 cm; 9 5/8 in overall

Dr. LeMat patented his revolver in America in 1856 and subsequently in a number of European countries. The present revolver is the last model of this type. £2000-3000
354.    A 54 BORE DEANE HARDING PATTERN REVOLVER BY CALVERT LEEDS, CONVERTED TO .442 CALIBRE RIM-FIRE, NO 5409L, CIRCA 1860
with blued sighted barrel, signed border-engraved blued top-strap, border-engraved blued frame signed and numbered on the right, numbered cylinder, chequered walnut grip,blued trigger-guard and butt-cap, bright rammer and some early finish
15.2 cm; 6 in barrel

£600-800
355.    AN 11MM MODEL 1870 MARINE SIX-SHOT DOUBLE ACTION REVOLVER BY LEFAUCHEUX, PARIS, CIRCA 1870
with signed sighted barrel, frame with integral extractor rod, and walnut grips with lanyard ring
12.0 cm; 4 3/4 in barrel

£600-800
356.    AN 11MM BELGIAN SIX-SHOT REVOLVER, NO. 15153, CIRCA 1870
with sighted two-stage octagonal barrel inscribed 'Acier Fondu' on the left, and finely chequered walnut grip with lanyard
11.0 cm; 4 3/8 in barrel
£400-500
357.    AN 11MM BELGIAN TYPE 74 SIX-SHOT DOUBLE-ACTION CONTINENTAL REVOLVER, CIRCA 1873
with chequered walnut grip
12.6 cm; 5 in barrel

£300-400
358.    AN 11MM FRENCH MODEL 1874 SIX-SHOT DOUBLE-ACTION REVOLVER, MANUFACTURE D'ARMES ST ETIENNE, NO.15734
with sighted barrel stamped 'S1877' on the right, numbered barrel, frame, cylinder and trigger-guard, chequered grip with lanyard, and most of its finish throughout
11.2 cm; 4 3/8 in barrel

£400-500
359.    AN 11MM FRENCH MODEL 1873 SIX-SHOT DOUBLE-ACTION REVOVER, NO. J8014
with blued sighted numbered barrel, cylinder, trigger-guard and frame, chequered walnut grips (refinished)
11.4 cm; 4 1/2 in barrel
£300-400
360.    AN 11MM FRENCH WARNANT DOUBLE ACTION SIX-SHOT REVOLVER, CIRCA 1870
with sighted barrel, inscribed 'Manufacture France Armes St Etienne' on the top-strap, double hinge spring opening, and finely chequered ebonised grips
24.2 cm; 9 1/2 in barrel
£200-300
361.    AN 11MM BELGIAN SIX-SHOT PIN-FIRE REVOLVER BY CHAMELOT & DELVIGNE, LIÈGE PROOF, CIRCA 1860
with octagonal sighted barrel signed 'Chamelot & Delvigne Inv. Btee' on the right at the breech, the top-strap screwed into the frame behind the cylinder, fitted with clearing rod and loading gate on the left, the latter with a top lever and pivoting backwards, knurled hammer, chequered grip, plain trigger-guard and lanyard ring
14.0 cm; 5 1/2 in barrel



£700-900
362.    A RARE 7MM FRENCH LEFAUCHEUX OVER-AND-UNDER 20-SHOT DOUBLE-ACTION PIN-FIRE VOLLEY REVOLVER, NO. 1226, CIRCA 1870
with sighted barrels, the upper signed 'E. Lefaucheux Bvte SGDG a Paris' (feint), fluted cylinder formed of two concentric rings each of ten chambers, numbered frame stamped with a mark (Neue Støckel 7770), double hammer with knurled thumb-catch, folding trigger, later chromed finish, figured walnut grips and chromed lanyard ring
12.5 cm; 4 7/8 in barrels
£1000-1500
363.    A CASED 11MM CONTINENTAL SIX-SHOT DOUBLE-ACTION PIN-FIRE REVOLVER, NO. 3789, LIÈGE PROOF, CIRCA 1860
with blued octagonal sighted barrel, signed 'Loron Breveté' on the left, blued cylinder struck with proof marks, bright hammer, case-hardened frame, fitted with bright barrel release, trigger-guard and butt-cap, select quality walnut butt, and much original finish: in its fitted oak case lined in green baize, the lid with brass carrying handle, and with a turnscrew
17.0 cm; 6 ¾ in barrel

£1000-1500
364.    A FRENCH 15MM SIX-SHOT PIN-FIRE REVOLVER, CIRCA 1860
with rounded sighted barrel, engraved faceted breech, fitted with clearing rod on the right, scroll-engraved cylinder, scroll-engraved action with loading gate on the right, chequered grip, engraved trigger-guard (areas of light rust and wear), and the butt with lanyard ring
16.0 cm; 6 1/2 in barrel
£400-600
365.    AN 11MM FRENCH LEFAUCHEUX SIX-SHOT DOUBLE-ACTION PIN-FIRE REVOLVER, NO. 18786, CIRCA 1860
with rounded sighted barrel with traces of a signature, plain cylinder, action signed 'Inv. E. Lefaucheux Brevette Paris' on the left, numbered and stamped with the maker's mark (Neue Støckel 7770) on the left, hardwood grip, spurred trigger-guard and iron butt-cap with lanyard ring
16.0 cm; 6 1/2 in barrel
£400-500
366.    AN 11MM FRENCH LEFAUCHEUX SIX-SHOT DOUBLE-ACTION PIN-FIRE REVOLVER, NO. 11549, CIRCA 1860
with rounded sighted barrel signed 'E. Lefaucheux Bvte SGDG a Paris', plain cylinder, numbered action stamped with the maker's mark (Neue Støckel 7770) on the left, hardwood grip, walnut grips, iron trigger-guard and iron butt-cap with lanyard ring
12.8 cm; 5 in barrel £300-400
367.    A 54 BORE FIVE-SHOT DOUBLE-ACTION 'WEDGE-FRAME' WEBLEY PATENT PERCUSSION REVOLVER BY WEBLEY & SON, LONDON, NO. 2778, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1860
with blued octagonal barrel of 'hog's back' form fitted with associated case-hardened rammer beneath, blued signed top-strap, border-engraved blued frame numbered on the left, bright hammer, chequered walnut butt, border-engraved blued trigger-guard and butt-cap, and some early finish throughout: in its fitted mahogany case lined in green velvet, complete with some associated accessories
16.2 cm; 6 in barrel
£2000-2500
368.    A CASED 54 BORE FIVE-SHOT PERCUSSION ADAMS PATENT 1851 MODEL SELF-COCKING REVOLVER BY LANG, 22 COCKSPUR STREET, LONDON, LONDON PROOF MARKS, NO.30,636, CIRCA 1855
with blued octagonal sighted barrel, signed blued top-strap, numbered blued cylinder, border-engraved numbered blued frame, bright trigger and hammer, finely chequered grip, and blued trigger-guard and butt-cap, refinished throughout: in early fitted oak case (lid lining replaced), with associated accessories including bullet mould
16.0 cm; 6 1/4 in barrel



£1200-1800
369.    A CASED 54 BORE FIVE-SHOT PERCUSSION DOUBLE ACTION BEAUMONT ADAMS REVOLVER RETAILED BY DEANE ADAMS AND DEANE, LONDON, LONDON PROOF MARKS, NO. 15,787, MID-19TH CENTURY
with octagonal sighted blued barrel engraved with the retailer's details on the top-strap, numbered cylinder, border-engraved blued frame numbered en suite with the cylinder and 'B155', patent rammer, blued arbour-pin with blued threaded catch, safety-stop, chequered butt, plain trigger-guard and butt-cap, and some early finish throughout: in original fitted oak case lined in green baize (some wear), the lid with trade label for 30 King William Street, complete with copper flask by Dixon & Sons and patent bullet mould
14.5 cm; 5 3/4 in barrel
£1200-1500
370.    A 50 BORE FIVE-SHOT BELGIAN PERCUSSION DOUBLE-ACTION REVOLVER ON THE BEAUMONT-ADAMS PATENT, BY AUGUSTE FRANCOTTE, LIÈGE, LIÈGE PROOF, CIRCA 1860
with octagonal sighted barrel, fitted with loading lever on the left, frame struck with the maker's mark on the right (Neue Støckel 1244) and further marks, plain cylinder, figured walnut butt, and iron mounts including lanyard ring
15.2 cm; 6 in barrel
£400-600
371.    A 40 BORE BENTLEY PATENT SIX-SHOT SELF-COCKING PERCUSSION REVOLVER, LONDON PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1860
with blued octagonal sighted barrel fitted with associated hinged rammer beneath, engraved open-topped brass frame, chequered grip, engraved trigger-guard, and some early finish
16.0 cm; 6 ¼ in barrel
£800-1200
372.    A 40 BORE FIVE-SHOT PERCUSSION ADAMS PATENT 1851 MODEL SELF-COCKING REVOLVER BY DEANE ADAMS & DEANE, 30 KING WILLIAM STREET, LONDON BRIDGE, LONDON PROOF MARKS, NO.11,135R, CIRCA 1855
with blued octagonal sighted barrel, signed blued top-strap, numbered cylinder, border-engraved numbered blued frame, blued trigger, finely chequered grip, trigger-guard with some blued finish, and iron butt-cap with trap
19.0 cm; 7 1/2 in barrel £1000-1500
373.    A .44 CALIBRE REMINGTON NEW MODEL ARMY PERCUSSION REVOLVER, NO.117519, CIRCA 1865-73
of standard production specifications, with octagonal sighted blued barrel with three line makers details, stamped 'W' on the right of the breech, blued frame, blued cylinder walnut grip, brass trigger-guard and some early finish throughout
20.3 cm; 8 in barrel

£1000-1200
374.    A .36 CALIBRE REMINGTON BEALS MODEL 1858 PERCUSSION NAVY REVOLVER, NO. 248, CIRCA 1860
of standard production specifications, with octagonal sighted barrel with maker's details, plain cylinder, walnut grips, and brass trigger-guard (rammer restored)
19.0 cm; 7 1/2 in barrel
£800-1200
375.    AN AMERICAN .41 CALIBRE RIM-FIRE REMINGTON DOUBLE DERINGER, CIRCA 1870-80
of standard production specifications, fitted with mother-of-pearl grips (one chipped), and minute traces of early finish
7.7 cm; 3 in barrels
£300-400
376.    A 120 BORE DUMONTHIER B.S.C.D. COMBINED PIN-FIRE REVOLVER AND DAGGER, NO. 6154, CIRCA 1870
with robust blade formed with a clipped-back point, etched on each face with a trophy-of-arms and scrolling foliage (worn), the back-edge incorporating the barrel, signed on the left of the breech, scroll-engraved cylinder, scroll-engraved numbered action with loading-gate on the right, chequered hardwood grips, and scroll-engraved trigger-guard and butt-cap
37.0 cm; 14 1/2 in overall

£800-1000
377.    AN 8MM FRENCH FIVE-SHOT CENTRE-FIRE GAULOIS PATENT PALM PISTOL BY MANUFACTURE FRANCAISE D'ARMES DE ST ETIENNE, NO. 2512, CIRCA 1880
with short barrel stamped 'Mitrailleuse' on the flat (fore-sight missing), engraved engine turned white metal action decorated with a trellis pattern filled with flowerheads, fitted with safety on the left, sprung squeezer action, and bakelite palm
13.0 cm; 5 1/8 in overall

See Winant 1956, p.83 fig. 74. £250-350
378.    A RARE MATCHED PAIR OF 54 BORE SIX-SHOT FRENCH MODEL 1854 PERCUSSION REVOLVERS BY DEVISME, A PARIS, NOS 1285 AND 1295, CIRCA 1855-60
each with signed octagonal barrel (fore-sight removed), signed and numbered on the right of the barrel lug and fitted with locking lever on the left (one retaining screw incomplete), cylinder struck with the maker's mark and with Thovenin pillars in each chamber, action with internal hammer and knurled spur, figured walnut butt with chequered grip, iron mounts comprising trigger-guard and butt-plate, and the latter with short threaded rammer forming a pommel
16.2 cm; 6 3/8 in barrels
(2)

£1500-2000
379.    TWO CASED BELGIAN PIN-FIRE REVOLVERS, LIÈGE, CIRCA 1870
with sighted barrels, one with fluted cylinder, actions with loading-gates on the right, and hardwood grips (one hammer spur chipped), each in its original fitted case, one with traces of the gilt Royal Arms of Great Britain and Ireland
the first: 8.8 cm; 3 1/2 in barrel
(2) £400-500
380.    A 54 BORE BEAUMONT ADAMS FIVE-SHOT PERCUSSION REVOLVER PRESENTED TO CAPTAIN THE HONOURABLE F. ELPHINSTONE S.F.GUARDS FROM LORD ELPHINSTONE, BY THE LONDON ARMOURY COMPANY, 36447R, CIRCA 1860
with blued octagonal sighted barrel stamped 'L.A.C.' on the left, blued top-strap with presentation inscription, serial numbered blued cylinder ((one small area of wear) and frame, the latter border-engraved and also numbered B20,677, blued trigger-guard and butt-cap, blued rammer, safety-stop, arbor-pin and catch, chequered rounded butt, and much original finish throughout: in its original fitted leather case, the lid embossed with the owner's name in black capital letters (the lid with a small crack, light wear), the interior lined in green velvet and retaining original accessories including patent brass bullet mould, powder-flask, oil bottle and paper-wrapped bullets
14.5 cm; 5 ¾ in barrel

Provenance
Robin Wigington, Arbour Antiques Ltd, 26th April 1990

John Frederick Buller Elphinstone (1837-74) was promoted to Lieutenant 17th August 1855 in the Scots Fusilier Guards, Captain 16th August 1859 and Lieutenant Colonel 29th May 1866. £4000-6000
381.    A FINE CASED 120 BORE FIVE-SHOT PERCUSSION ADAMS PATENT 1851 MODEL SELF-COCKING REVOLVER BY DEANE ADAMS & DEANE, 30 KING WILLIAM STREET, LONDON, LONDON PROOF MARKS, NO.16,128R, CIRCA 1855
with blued octagonal sighted barrel, signed blued top-strap, numbered case-hardened cylinder, border-engraved numbered blued frame, blued trigger, bright hammer, finely chequered grip, trigger-guard and butt-cap each with some blued finish, and the barrel, frame and cylinder with much original finish: in original fitted oak case lined in green baize (the lid with one small crack), the lid with trade label for 30 King William Street, complete with accessories including Adams patent brass bullet mould and Dixon & Sons copper flask
10.7 cm; 4 1/4 in barrel
£1800-2200
382.    A CASED 120 BORE FIVE-SHOT PERCUSSION DOUBLE ACTION BEAUMONT ADAMS REVOLVER RETAILED BY DURS EGG, 4 PALL MALL, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, NO. 31621, MID-19TH CENTURY
with octagonal sighted blued barrel engraved with the retailer's details on the top-strap, numbered blued cylinder, border-engraved numbered blued frame, blued rammer, arbour-pin with threaded catch, safety-stop, chequered butt, plain blued trigger-guard and butt-cap, and much early finish throughout: in original fitted oak case lined in green baize (light moth and areas of staining), the lid with trade label for no. 4 Pall Mall on the inside, complete with copper flask by Dixon & Sons and oil bottle
11.4 cm; 4 1/2 in barrel £1800-2200
383.    A VERY FINE 54 BORE ROYAL BEAUMONT ADAMS FIVE-SHOT DOUBLE ACTION PERCUSSION REVOLVER BY ROBERT ADAMS, NO. 76 KING WILLIAM STREEET, LONDON, E.C., NO. 30260R, CIRCA 1860
with engraved blued octagonal sighted barrel, engraved blued top-strap with retailer's details in full, profusely engraved blued serial numbered cylinder and frame, the latter also numbered B14,596, engraved case-hardened trigger-guard and butt-cap, blued rammer, safety-stop, arbor-pin and catch, chequered rounded butt, the engraving involving a very finely executed close-set design of neo-rococo scrolls, flowers and foliage, and much original finish: in its original select quality highly figured walnut case with brass mounts, the escutcheon engraved with the initial 'A' beneath the coronet of a Prince (the lid with small cracks and staining), the interior fitted and lined in green baize (light wear), the lid with trade label for 1858-65, complete with accessories including bullet mould, powder-flask, bullet pouch, cleaning rod and oil bottle
14.5 cm; 5 ¾ in barrel

The coronet is for a Royal Prince, placing this pistol in the ownership of Queen Victoria's sons Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1844-1900) or Arthur, Duke of Connaught (1850-1942. Given their ages it would appear that Prince Alfred is the most likely.

Prince Alfred joined the Navy in 1858 at the age of fourteen. On the abdication of King Otto of Greece in 1862, he was chosen by the Greeks to succeed him, but political conventions made it impossible for the British government to accede to their wishes. Meanwhile, Alfred pursued his naval career. In 1863 he was promoted to Lieutenant and three years later to Captain. By 1893 he was Admiral of the Fleet and was a highly respected, well-informed and able fleet leader.

The superb engraving is notable and relates to other finely decorated objects of the period. It compares closely to a snuffbox marked of the slightly earlier date 1836/37) with maker's mark of Charles Rawlings and William Summers. See Culme 1977, p. 144.

£8000-12000
384.    **A FINE AND RARE CASED 54 BORE IRISH SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION PEPPERBOX REVOLVER BY WILLIAM & JOHN RIGBY, DUBLIN, NO. 10718 FOR 1855
with case-hardened fluted tapering serial numbered barrel group, engraved with foliage ahead of the nipples and behind the muzzle, released by a blued stud on each side of the action, the spindle serving as a ramrod, engraved blued rounded action decorated with characteristic scrolling foliage, signed on a scroll on the left and inscribed 'Dublin' on the right, blued knurled sliding thumb-piece safety-catch, engraved blued trigger-guard, engraved blued back-strap, finely chequered figured walnut butt, retaining much blued finish and in fine, perhaps unfired, condition: in original fitted mahogany case (the lid with a closed crack), lined in green baize, with brass escutcheon on the outside, the interior with trade label for 24 Suffolk Street, complete with its original spare serial numbered barrels, and accessories including brass charger, copper three-way flask, nipple wrench, and turn-screw
9.5 cm; 3 ¾ in barrels

Provenance
Property of Messrs. John Rigby & Co. (Gunmakers) Ltd., sold Christie's, 7th July 1964, lot 219, £290 to Neal. The catalogue states 'There is a possibility that this pistol has never left the gunmakers' hands….'

Literature
David Back, Messrs Rigby, 1992, p. 138 'Six-shot pistol and extra barrels, cased'
£10000-15000