Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria Sale
on Wednesday 4th December 2013
Sunday 1st December 12 noon to 4pm
Monday 2nd December 10am to 7pm
Tuesday 3rd December 10am to 5pm
Lots: 151-200 of 455
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Lot Description and Estimate Images Sold For
151

‡ AN EAST EUROPEAN MACE, 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY HUNGARIAN
with bulbous head formed of six rounded flanges, low domed central finial, plain socket, on an early leather-covered wooden haft (leather with small losses, opening along the seam), studded around the base with domed nails (two missing)
49.5 cm; 19 1/2 in overall

Estimate: 1200-1800

1200
152

‡ A MILITARY FLAIL, PROBABLY GERMAN LATE 16TH CENTURY
with faceted rhomboid head stamped with a mark on each face, formed with a loop at the base attached to a chain of five links, on a later wooden haft with pointed iron shoe
37 cm; 14 1/2 in head with chain

Estimate: 800-1200

800
153

‡ A MACE IN GERMAN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with bulbous head formed of eight shaped flanges joined in the centre by a horizontal disc-shaped collar, tapering haft formed in two sections interrupted by a raised central moulding (pitted), and turned wooden grip
58.5 cm; 23 in overall


Estimate: 400-600

300
154

‡ A MACE IN LATE GOTHIC STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
formed entirely of steel, with bulbous head formed of seven wedge-shaped flanges, each formed with a sharp point and a small basal lug, faceted button-shaped central finial formed with a writhen collar at the base, steel haft formed with a series of raised collars, faceted grip, and moulded basal cap
51.5 cm; 20 1/4 in overall

Estimate: 800-1200

800
155

‡ A DECORATED AXE, 18TH CENTURY, EAST EUROPEAN OR OTTOMAN
with heavy crescentic head decorated n each face with diamond shaped panels each filled with a flowerhead, wedge-shaped rear pean, tubular socket chiselled with flowers and foliage (worn, areas pitting), and later wooden haft
26.5 cm; 10 1/2 in overall

Estimate: 400-600

    
156

‡ A NORTH ITALIAN PARADE HALBERD, EARLY 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY VENETIAN
with curved slender axe-blade pierced with numerous shaped panels and engraved with scrolls, formed with a shaped lug top and bottom and fitted with a chased bronze grotesque boss on each side, pierced and engraved rear fluke decorated en suite and fitted with a further pair of bronze bosses, the centre fitted with a transverse bolt terminating in a pyramidal spike on each side, central blade of flattened-diamond section, pierced with three central slots and engraved with scrolls rising from a mask, fitted at the base with a characteristic openwork collar comprising six bars each interrupted by a cherubic mask, engraved socket, on an early wooden haft covered with red fabric, studded with brass nails and retaining three tassels and its iron shoe (haft worn and repaired, shoe incomplete)
55.2 cm; 21 3/4 in head

A halberd of similar form is preserved in the Poldi Pezzoli Museum, Milan, cat. Nos. 526 and 527. Two others were sold in these rooms, 28th June 2006, lot 347 and 7th December 2006, lot 214 respectively.


Estimate: 1000-1500

1700
157

‡ AN ITALIAN SPEAR, EARLY 16TH CENTURY
with sharply tapering blade of flattened-diamond section (areas of pitting), struck on each face with two marks, a sword and a further mark (indistinct), tapering socket (braized repairs), on a later long wooden haft with red fabric covering and large dome-headed nails
62.2 cm; 24 1/2 in head

A similar spear is preserved in the National Artillery Museum, Turin, inv. no. J. 113/5204.

Estimate: 700-1000

900
158

‡ AN ETCHED GLAIVE FROM THE GUARD OF FERDINAND II, ARCHDUKE OF AUSTRIA IN TYROL (1529-95, REIGNED 1564-1595)
with knife-like blade double-edged for the uppermost third, etched on each side with the crowned Imperial arms enclosed by the Order of the Golden Fleece and surmounted by the letter F for Ferdinand, the borders decorated with linear patterns and the forward bottom corner with a spray of foliage on each side (the etching extensively worn and no longer visible in places), tapering socket with bevelled edges, a pair of long straps, on a portion of an early haft fitted with an additional pair of straps (the lower portion replaced)
72.4 cm; 28 1/2 in

Ferdinand II was appointed regent of Bohemia by his father, Ferdinand I. Following his father's death in 1564 he ruled over the Tyrolean and Swabian territories, where he drove forward the Counter-Reformation. A highly educated and cultivated man, he extended Schloss Ambras near Innsbruck which housed his famous collection of portraits, works of Art, curiosities and the first historically organised collection of armour.

Further glaives from this group are preserved in the Hofjagd-und Rüstkammer Vienna and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (gift of William H. Riggs acc. Nos. 04.3.97 and 14.25.268).

Estimate: 1200-1800

2400
159

‡ A SWISS HALBERD OF SO-CALLED SEMPACH TYPE, ZURICH, SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with slightly curved near rectangular blade pierced with a cross at the base, triangular central spike formed with a reinforced tip, triangular rear fluke stamped with a mark on one side (indistinct), and a pair of long straps, on a later wooden haft
34.5 cm; 13 1/2 in head

The mark is perhaps that of Meister Lampert Koller of Würenlos who supplied two hundred halberds to the Zurich Kanton arsenal in 1663. See J. A. Meier 1982, pp. 223-250, nos. 16 and 18.


Estimate: 1200-1800

1600
160

‡ A GERMAN HALBERD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with forward-leaning axe-blade pierced with a quatrefoil, scalloped back-edge, two-stage central spike, the upper section of stiff-diamond section, rear fluke pierced with a slipped figure-of-eight shape, and a pair of long straps, on a later wooden haft
58.5 cm; 23 in head

Provenance
The Lord Astor of Hever, sold Sotheby's London 5th May 1983, lot 145 to Stern.
Estimate: 800-1200

1000
161

‡ A POLEAXE, MID-17TH CENTURY, PROBABALY SWISS
with slightly curved axe blade rising to a sharp central point, stamped twice on each side with a mark, a cross with the letter 'O' above in a shaped recess, stout rear spike, and a pair of separate long straps, on a wooden haft
28 cm; 11 in head

A related axe is preserved in the National Artillery Museum, Turin, inv. no. J. 4/5107, and another in the Schweizerisches Landesmuseum, Zurich. For the latter see Dr. E. A. Gessler 1928, table 12.


Estimate: 800-1000

800
162

‡ A RARE BAVARIAN SABRE HALBERD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with curved axe-blade, very long slightly curved central blade formed with a hatchet point and a long fuller on each face, tapering socket with bevelled edges, on an associated wooden haft with four long straps
107.4 cm; 42 1/4 in head

A large number of halberds of this form, formerly in the Bavarian arsenal, are now preserved in the Bavarian Army Museum, Ingoldstadt. Another example was sold in these rooms 10th December 2008, lot 185. See H. Seitz 1968, p. 216, ill. 221.


Estimate: 1000-1500

1000
163

‡ A GERMAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with forward-leaning crescentic axe-blade pierced with nine holes arranged in three equal groups, long central spike of diamond-section, rear fluke pierced with three holes, and a pair of straps (one loose), on a later wooden haft
71 cm; 28 in head

Estimate: 500-700

500
164

‡ A STYRIAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with forward-leaning axe-blade pierced with three holes top and bottom, a central group of five holes and incised with crescents, long central spike of diamond-section, rear fluke stamped with three pellets arranged vertically on each side and with a mark, and a pair of straps (one repaired), on a later wooden haft
72 cm; 28 3/8 in head

Estimate: 300-400

360
165

‡ A STYRIAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with small forward-leaning axe-blade pierced with a series of slots and circles, matching rear fluke stamped with a Maltese cross mark on one side, slender central spike, a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft (shortened)
40 cm; 15 3/4 in head


Estimate: 200-300

200
166

‡ A GERMAN OFFICER'S SPONTOON, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY PRUSSIAN
of regulation type, with leaf-shaped blade etched and gilt with the Royal cypher on each face (worn, pitted), waisted base pierced with a series of shaped apertures, moulded cross-guard, faceted socket with two collars, a pair of straps, on an early wooden haft
39.8 cm; 15 3/4 in head

Estimate: 250-350

270
167

‡ A HALBERD IN SOUTH GERMAN OR SWISS LATE 15TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with curved axe-blade formed with a scalloped back-edge, the top rising to a double-edged central spike, pierced with six holes arranged in two equal groups divided by a slipped trefoil, stout right angular rear spike, and a pair of straps (one shortened and lifting), on a wooden haft
42 cm; 16 1/2 in head

Estimate: 600-800

    
168

‡ A GUNNERS LINSTOCK, LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY
with robust central spike, fitted on each side with a curved arm terminating in a shaped head, each fitted with a thumbscrew for securing match, tapering socket, a pair of short straps, on a later wooden haft
56 cm; 22 in head

Estimate: 400-600

440
169

‡ AN AMERICAN HALBERD OF NEW ENGLAND TYPE, MID-18TH CENTURY
with curved axe-blade pierced with a pair of rounded diamond-shaped apertures and pairs of slipped circles, matching rear-fluke, central leaf-shaped blade formed with an acute point, tapering cylindrical socket and a pair of straps, on a later wooden haft
46.5 cm; 18 1/4 in head

Two related halberds are preserved in the Kretzchmar von Kienbusch Collection, The Philadelphia Museum of Art, cat. nos. 615, 618

Estimate: 500-800

500
170

‡ A MILITARY SPEAR, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY AMERICAN
with slender leaf-shaped blade formed with a pair of curling basal lugs, tapering socket, on a wooden haft with iron shoe, perhaps the original
32.5 cm; 12 3/4 in head

Estimate: 200-300

200
171

‡ A MILITARY HALBERD, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY AMERICAN
of rudimentary type, with small axe-blade, leaf-shaped central blade, slender rear fluke, and tapering socket, on a later wooden haft
30.5 cm; 12 in head

Estimate: 200-300

200
172

‡ A CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR, PARTLY SOUTH GERMAN, CIRCA 1530, AND PARTLY 19TH CENTURY
comprising close helmet with rounded skull rising to low boldly roped medial comb, fitted at the nape with a plume-holder and at the front with a bellows visor and bevor attached to it by common pivots, the lower edges of the skull and bevor formed with internally hollowed rims to lock over the upper edge of the collar, the latter formed of four lames front and rear, rounded breastplate with a detachable folding lance-rest, moveable gussets at the arm-openings and a flanged waist-lame supporting a fauld of three lames, the lowest cut with a shallow arch over the crotch and having suspended to either side of it from a pair of metal hinges a tasset of four lames, straight-topped backplate fitted with a flanged waist-plate supporting a culet of one lame, pauldrons each of six lames, the second and largest of which is fitted at its upper end with a haute-piece, and the last of which is connected by a turner to a tubular upper cannon with winged bracelet couter of three lames, left gauntlet formed of a slightly flared and rounded tubular cuff formed with a small boss over the lower end of the ulna and fitted at its lower end with five metacarpal-plates of which the fourth projects over the base of the thumb, a knuckle-plate with a boldly-roped transverse rib, and a shaped finger-plate, right gauntlet with flared and slightly rounded tubular cuff fitted within its lower edge with two wrist-plates, four metacarpal-plates and a knuckle-plate with a file-roped transverse rib, long gutter-shaped cuisses each fitted at its upper end with an extension-plate and at its lower end with a winged poleyn of four lames, and a pair of tubular greaves terminating in integral broad-toed sabatons each of eight lames, the main edges of the armour, with the exception of those of the right gauntlet, boldly roped, and its surfaces finely etched with bands and borders of running symmetrical and asymmetrical foliage on a stippled and blackened ground, enclosed throughout by an engrailed border terminating at the apex of each cusp with a dot, the decoration of the central band of the breastplate involving a classical warrior flanked by a pair dolphins and surmounting a trophy of arms, and the interspaces to the right and left of the band respectively occupied by a representation of a kneeling knight in armour beneath scrolls bearing the inscription 'gott sei / genedig uns / súndern' (God be merciful to us sinners), and Christ on the cross with a skull and crossed bones by a detachable folding lance-rest lying at his feet, the secondary edges decorated with band of guilloche, again within an engrailed border, and the right gauntlet decorated at both its main and subsidiary edges with cabling accompanied by narrow bands of dots

The main plate of the breastplate, the whole of the backplate, the left gauntlet, the main plates of both cuisses and the sabatons are probably of 16th century German make, the left gauntlet of early 17th century Italian make and the remainder of 19th century make. The etched decoration of the borders of the main plate of the breastplate, of the distal half of the left gauntlet and the whole of the decoration of the right gauntlet appear to be original)


Estimate: 10000-15000

12000
173

‡ A SOUTH GERMAN CLOSE HELMET FOR HEAVY FIELD USE, CIRCA 1540
with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low roped medial comb, and 'sparrow's beak' visor and bevor attached to it by common pivots (replaced), the associated visor pierced beneath its stepped, centrally-divided vision-slit with eight circular ventilation-holes and beneath its 'beak' with sixteen similar holes of which those at the right have been opened out to a trefoil form, the right further fitted with a lifting-peg (restored) and a swivel-hook (restored) to engage a stud projecting from the right of the bevor, the bevor secured to the skull at the right of the neck by a spring-catch, the flanged lower edges of both elements pierced with later holes, and the whole decorated at points with pairs of incised lines (very lightly patinated overall)
26.5 cm; 10½ in

Estimate: 5000-8000

5500
174

‡ A NORTH ITALIAN CLOSE HELMET FOR HEAVY FIELD USE, PROBABLY MILANESE, CIRCA 1580
of notable weight, with rounded one-piece skull rising to a moderately high file-roped medial comb, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by common pivots (replaced), the visor stepped in front of its centrally divided vision slit and fitted at its right with a lifting-peg (restored), the near vertical-fronted upper bevor pierced at its right with nine small circular ventilation-holes enclosed within an engraved radial design, and secured to the lower bevor at the right of the chin by a swivel-hook and radially-fluted mushroom-shaped stud (both restored), the lower bevor and skull fastened to one another at the neck by a restored strap and buckle, and two short gorget-plates front and rear (the lower rear one associated), the whole decorated at its main edges with a file-rope inward turn and elsewhere with pairs of incised lines
31.0 cm; 12¼ in


Estimate: 4000-6000

8500
175

‡ A SOUTH GERMAN CLOSE HELMET FOR HEAVY FIELD USE, CIRCA 1550-60
with one-piece skull rising to a high medial comb decorated along its crest with notching and pierced at the nape with a pair of rivet-holes for the attachment of a missing plume-holder, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by common pivots with radially fluted heads (replaced), the forward-sloping visor with a roped step in front of its broad single vision-slit and pierced beneath it with six diagonal ventilation-slots, the prow-shaped upper bevor pierced at its right with six small circular ventilation-holes and at each side with a later and larger hole of trefoil form, the lower bevor projecting forward beyond the chin, and the visor, upper bevor and lower bevor each secured at the right by spring-catches (that for the visor missing its combined pull-release and lifting-peg, and that for the upper bevor with a replace catch), and two gorget-plates front and rear, all the main edges of the helmet with notched inward-turned edges, accompanied in part by recessed borders (the crest of the comb and the lower edge of the front gorget plate with small perforations, the right of the neck of the lower bevor with a small riveted internal patch and the whole with an oxidised finish)
33.0 cm; 13 in

Estimate: 4000-6000

3000
176

‡ A SOUTH GERMAN CUIRASSIER'S CLOSE HELMET, CIRCA 1630
with egg-shaped skull formed in two pieces joined medially by rivets, fitted at the nape with a slender plume-holder and embossed with a pattern of V-shaped flutes radiating from a transversely-pierced finial riveted through a star-shaped washer at its apex, peak, face-defence and bevor attached to the skull by common pivots with low domed heads, the face-defence cut at each sides of its upper edge with a deep rectangular notch forming the lower part of a vision-slit, and pieced at each side of the face and over the mouth with ventilation slots and holes arranged in patterns, and a single deep obtusely-pointed gorget-plate front and rear embossed in each case to simulate two lames, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, and the whole with a black finish (now lightly pitted overall)

29.0 cm; 12½ in



Estimate: 2500-3500

1800
177

‡ A NORTH EUROPEAN CUIRASSIER'S CLOSE HELMET, CIRCA 1630
with rounded skull formed in two pieces joined along the crest of a low medial comb and fitted at the nape with a tapering plume-holder, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by common pivots, the visor with markedly-stepped, centrally divided vision slit decorated above each eye with a recessed semi-circle, the prow-shaped upper bevor pierced at each side with thirteen small circular ventilation-holes in a lozenge-formation, the lower bevor secured to the skull and the upper bevor respectively, at the right side, by a swivel-hook and pieced stud (the hook of the skull missing and that of the lower bevor restored), and a single gorget-plate front and rear, the front one embossed to simulate two lames of which the lowest rises to a cusp at the centre of its upper edge, and the rear one, modified from a collar and possessing a recessed main border, is associated, and the whole decorated at points with single incised lines (showing some pitting and wear overall)
38.0 cm; 15 in

Estimate: 2500-3500

2600
178

‡ A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1580
with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high, file-roped medial comb, projecting forward to an obtusely-pointed peak, fitted at its flanged lower edge with two neck-lames, at the nape with a later plume-holder and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece, the right one overlapping and secured to the left one at the chin by a swivel-hook and pierced stud, each cut away at the front to clear the nose and mouth, later decorated at the top rear with an embossed and roped volute that overlaps and serves as a continuation of the outer ends of the peak, is pierced with seven small circular auditory-holes and fitted at its flanged lower edge with two gorget-plates en suite with those of the skull, the lowest ones joined medially by a mushroom-shaped stud and keyhole slot, and the main edges of the helmet formed with neatly file-roped inward turns
33.5 cm; 13¼ in



Estimate: 3500-4500

    
179

‡ A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high, file-roped medial comb, projecting forward to an obtusely-pointed peak pierced at the centre of the brow to receive a later sliding nasal-bar with leaf-shaped terminals, the lower one detachable, and retained by a later staple and locking-screw, fitted at its flanged lower edge with a neck-guard of two lames (the first restored, the second Flemish, about 1620-30), at the nape with a moulded and incised plume-holder, and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (restored) shaped to fit over the outer end of the peak, flanged outwards at is lower end to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard, and pierced at its centre with ten small auditory-holes in rosette formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns and its subsidiary edges formed with scallops enclosed to the inside by pairs of incised lines and punched in each case with a dot within a circle (with light mottled pitting overall)
34.0 cm; 13¼ in


Estimate: 2500-3500

2500
180

‡ A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1580-90
with rounded one-piece skull rising gently to a high file-roped medial comb and projecting forward to a narrow acutely-pointed peak, fitted at its lower edge with a matching neck-guard of one lame, and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece, flanged outwards at it lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five small auditory holes in dice formation, the whole formed at its main edges with finely file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, and fitted throughout with brass-capped constructional rivets and lining-rivets of iron retaining beneath their heads in the case of those encircling the neck and the brow, large rosette washers of brass (the right cheek-piece associated and its hinge broken; the left cheek-piece later and its hinge repaired)
23.0 cm; 9 in


Estimate: 1800-2400

1800
181

‡ A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1560
with pointed one-piece skull boxed in four panels, rising to a prominent baluster-shaped finial, the upper half of which is faceted and the lower writhen, projecting forward to a flat acutely-pointed upturned peak and backwards to a similar but shorter and more obtusely-pointed downturned neck-guard pierced at its centre rear with a pair of suspension-holes, and fitted at each side with a later hinged cheek-piece flanged at its forward and lower edges to serve respectively as continuations of the peak and neck-guard, and pierced at its centre, within a raised circle, with four small auditory-holes separated by a four-pointed star, the skull retaining an old quilted lining, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, and its surfaces retaining a blued overall finish (now lightly pitted, the skull with a plugged hole at the upper end of one of its facets and a patch at the front of the cut-out for the right cheek-piece)
23.0 cm; 9 in



Estimate: 1500-2000

1500
182

‡ A NORTH ITALIAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1630
with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low medial ridge, projecting forward to a rounded slightly downturned peak, backwards to a matching neck-guard, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (restored), the hinge fitted externally to the skull and internally to the cheek-piece, the latter pierced at its centre with five small auditory-holes in dice-formation and furnished at its lower edge with a separate flange forming a continuation of the neck-guard, the helmet decorated at its unturned main edges with single incised lines and to either side of the medial ridge of its skull with a pair of such lines, and its surfaces retaining a blued overall finish (now lightly pitted)
23.0 cm; 9 in

The weight of the helmet suggests that it was intended for siege or sapper's use. Another of almost identical form can be recorded in the armoury of the Knights of St John at Valletta, Malta (Spiteri 2003, p. 311, N37).



Estimate: 1200-1800

1200
183

‡ A BURGONET IN THE MID-16TH CENTURY SOUTH GERMAN STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with rounded one-piece skull rising to three low sub-parallel combs decorated along their crests with notching, projecting forward to a flat obtusely-pointed peak struck with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg, projecting backwards to a rounded neck-guard, pierced overall with pairs of holes for the attachment of a fabric covering and at each side of the neck with a keyhole-slot for the attachment of a buffe, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece shaped to the outer end of the peak, flanged outwards at it's lower end to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard, and pierced with seven small circular auditory-holes in rosette-formation, and the main edges of the whole formed with file-roped inward turns (lightly patinated overall)
26.0 cm; 10¼ in

Provenance
Christie's, King Street, 22nd July 1992, Lot 110


Estimate: 1200-1800

1200
184

‡ A FINE GERMAN OR EASTERN EUROPEAN ZISCHÄGGE, CIRCA 1630
with one-piece hemispherical skull fitted at its apex with a transversely-pierced finial riveted through a decorative rosette washer at its front with a broad flat peak projecting forward to a truncated point and pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to receive a sliding nasal-bar retained at the brow by a staple and locking-screw, at its rear with a flaring neck-guard of five lames, the last matching the peak in outline and decorated at its centre with thirteen round-headed rivets in rosette formation, and at each side with a scutiform cheek-piece (the right detached) pierced at its centre within a raised circle with seven small auditory holes in rosette formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns accompanied on the peak by a narrow recessed border and on the neck-guard by a pair of incised lines repeated at its subsidiary edges which, like the upper edge of the peak, are formed with cusps, the surface retaining a blackened finish throughout, and the skull and neck-guard retaining much of their original lining, stuffed with tow and quilted in the case of the former (the nasal-bar, its fittings and the cheek-pieces restored)
29.0 cm; 11½ in


Estimate: 1500-2500

    
185

‡ A DUTCH HARQUEBUSIER'S POT, CIRCA 1630
with a hemispherical skull formed in two pieces joined medially by rivets, fitted at its front with a flat obtusely-pointed pivoted peak (its point pierced with a later suspension-hole) carrying on its underside a later triple-barred face-guard overlain with a pair of sinuous cross-bars, at its rear an obtusely-pointed neck-guard of four lames, at its nape with a gilt plume-holder formed at its upper edge with fleurs-de-lis, and at each side with hinged forward-curving cheek-pieces (restored), the helmet formed with plain inward turns at its main edges, decorated with a pair of incised lines to either side of the mid-line of its skull and with single incised lines elsewhere, and its surface retaining a blackened finish overall
32.0 cm; 12½ in



Estimate: 1000-1500

1200
186

‡ A NORTH ITALIAN COMB-MORION, CIRCA 1580
formed in one piece with a rounded crown rising to a high roped medial comb decorated to either side of its crest and base with incised lines, and an integral brim turned down at each side and rising to an acute point front and rear, its edge (cracked in two places at the right) formed with a file-roped inward turn bordered by a narrow groove, the base of the crown pieced at the nape with a pair of holes for the attachment of a plume holder (missing) and encircled by sixteen (originally eighteen) lining-rivets with brass rosette washers, and its surface retaining a blued finish (pitted overall)
29.0 cm; 11½ in

The morion was one of a series offered for sale by W. H. Fenton & Sons of 11 New Oxford Street, London, between the two World Wars. An undated circular of theirs (photographic copy held in the Royal Armouries Library, Leeds) illustrates a morion almost identical to that offered here. According to a later verbal report of Fenton's armourer, Theodore Egli, they had been obtained by the former in Ireland. Other examples of the series are now to be found in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, Inv. No. IV.449 (Dufty & Reid 1968, pl. CII,c), the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, Acc. Nos Hen. M. 32, 33 & 34-1933 (Eaves 2202, pp. 153-5, ill), and the Glasgow Museum and Art Gallery.


Estimate: 1500-2500

1100
187

‡ A NORTH ITALIAN MORION IN THE 'SPANISH' FASHION, CIRCA 1580-90
formed in one piece with an almond-shaped crown rising to a short 'stalk' at its apex, and a slightly downturned integral brim projecting to an obtuse point front and rear, its edge decorated with a file-roped inward turn accompanied by a narrow recessed border, the base of the crown encircled by fourteen brass-capped lining rivets with brass rosette-washers, and the front of the crown later etched in line with a scroll-edged cartouche enclosing a rearing bull and surmounted by a lion's mask (the left of the crown pierced with two later wiring-holes)
32.0 cm; 12½ in


Estimate: 700-1000

1000
188

‡ A MORION IN THE NORTH ITALIAN STYLE OF CIRCA 1590, 20TH CENTURY,
formed in one piece with an almond-shaped crown rising to a short 'stalk' at its apex, and a slightly downturned narrow brim with a file-roped inward turn accompanied by a narrow recessed border, the base of the crown encircled by fourteen large round-headed lining rivets (lightly patinated overall)
19.7 cm; 7¾ in


Estimate: 250-450

250
189

‡ A SOUTH GERMAN COMB-MORION, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1580
formed in one piece with a rounded crown rising to a high roped medial comb and an integral brim turned down at each side and rising slightly to an acute point front and rear, the front point struck with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg, its edge formed with a file-roped inward turn (cracked at two points and showing some splitting) accompanied at the rear and each side by a later wiring-hole, and the base of the crown encircled by sixteen lining-rivets with brass rosette washers (three of the latter now missing; the surface of the morion marked)
26.5 cm; 10½ in



Estimate: 1000-1500

700
190

‡ THE SKULL OF A NORTH ITALIAN BURGONET WITH ETCHED DECORATION, PROBABLY MILANESE, CIRCA 1570-80
formed in one piece with a rounded crown rising to a high, boldly-roped medial comb (patched at two points and showing some delamination), projecting forward to an acutely-pointed downturned peak, and backwards to a matching neck-guard (pierced with a later suspension-hole), cut away at each side to receive a missing cheek-piece, formed at the main edges of its peak and neck-guard with boldly-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, and extensively decorated with etched classical ornament on a stippled and blackened ground, including in the recessed borders, running foliage, and on the remainder of the peak and neck-guard, in trefoil cartouches at each side of the crown and on each side of the comb, trophies of arms inhabited by fabulous beasts and birds (extensively worn and patinated overall)
29.0 cm; 11½ in



Estimate: 1000-1500

1000
191

‡ A LIGHT HORSEMAN'S HELMET, PARTLY GERMAN, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with rounded one-piece skull (originally that of a close helmet) rising to a high file-roped medial comb, fitted at the front with a broad acutely pointed pivoted peak (restored), at its rear with a narrow obtusely-pointed neck-guard of three lames (reworked from those of a tasset), and at each side with the uppermost scale of a pendant chin-strap (restored), the distal edges of the peak and neck-guard formed with file-roped inward turns (lightly patinated overall)
34.0 cm; 13¼ in



Estimate: 800-1200

550
192

‡ A JOUSTING HELM IN THE EARLY 15TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY, FROM THE WORKSHOP OF SAMUEL LUKE PRATT
formed of as high one-piece crown rising at its rear to a rounded point (extensively repaired with riveted patches) and descending over the nape and sides to a straight inward-turned lower edge, and fitted at each side with a face-defence extending down to the same level and pierced at its right with numerous small circular ventilation-holes, its upper edge and the upper edge of the face-opening of the crown forming the edges of a 'frog-mouthed' vision slit, the lower edge of the helm bordered by brass-capped round-headed rivets with square washers shaped peripherally with eight cusps (acid-pitted overall)
36.5 cm; 14¼ in

Provenance
Londesborough Collection, sold Christie, Manson and Woods, 4th July 1888, probably lot 123 'Tilting helmet - temp. Henry V [a forgery] sold for £2 2s.'

Literature
James Robinson Planché, Cyclopaedia of Costume or Dictionary of Dress, 1876, Vol 1., p.284

The form of the helm is based on that of Henry V (d. 1422) in Westminster Abbey (Laking 1920, Vol. II, figs 49 a & b). For similar helms from the workshop of Samuel Luke Pratt of Bond Street, London, see Laking 1922, Vol V, fig. 1545,c; and Jonathan Tavares, Samuel Luke Pratt and the Arms & Armor Trade in Victorian Britain, Doctoral Dissertation, Bard College, New York, 2013, fig. 185. The helm was almost certainly made for Pratt by his principal faker, Thomas Grimshaw of Clerkenwell, London.



Estimate: 1000-1500

2400
193

‡ A RARE ENGLISH COLLAR MADE IN THE ROYAL WORKSHOPS AT GREENWICH, CIRCA 1610
formed of four sturdy lames front and rear, in each case articulated to one another by three internal leathers (replaced), the upper edge of the first formed with a roped inward turn, the lower edge of the fourth with a series of large scallops bordered by a pair of widely-spaced incised lines, and the upper edges of the second to fourth each bevelled and bordered by a pair of more closely-spaced incised line, the front and rear sections of the collar connected to one another by an internal hinge at the left side and closed by a plain stud and hole and a mushroom-shaped stud and keyhole slot at the right (the whole showing a mottled overall patina and a number of plugged holes)
16.8 cm; 6½ in

Provenance
Robin Wigington, Poets Arbour, Stratford upon Avon, 9th October 1992

The gorget almost certainly derives from a series of garnitures for tilt and barriers use made at Greenwich about 1610. Several examples of the series are still to be seen in the Royal Armouries, Inv. Nos. II. 73, 78-9, 80 & 86 (ffoulkes 1916, vol. I, pp. 121-3 & 130; Exhibition of Armour made in the Royal Workshops at Greenwich, Tower of London, 1951, pp. p. 32; and Dufty & Reid 1968, pl. LII)



Estimate: 1500-2500

2200
194

‡ A COMPOSITE ENGLISH OR FLEMISH MITTEN GAUNTLET FOR THE RIGHT HAND FROM THE ARMOURY OF THE FIRST EARL OF PEMBROKE, CIRCA 1555
formed of a short tubular cuff closed at the inside of the wrist by rivets, boxed at each side, shaped to the base of the thumb and formed at its flared upper edge with a file roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border, two metacarpal-plates and a shaped metacarpal-plate, each decorated at its upper edge with close-set filed nicks and bordered by a single incised line, and four finger-plates (from the same series of gauntlets but associated) narrowing distally to a rounded end with a recessed border and formed between the fingers with shallow V-shaped flutes having incised lines in their valleys (with a mottled patination overall)
27.7 cm; 11 in

The gauntlet belonged originally to a series of demilance armours sold piecemeal from the armoury of the Earls of Pembroke at Wilton House, Wiltshire, by Sotheby's, London, on 23 June 1921 and 14 June 1923. The armours may have been acquired to equip the followers of William Herbert, First Earl of Pembroke(1501-1570), when he was appointed Captain of Calais in 1556, and were very likely worn by them when he led the English contingent to the Battle of St Quentin in 1577. They were almost certainly among the forty-seven 'dimi launces' mentioned in an inventory of the Earl's armoury taken at Wilton only a year later in December 1588. Other gauntlets of the series are now in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds. See Mann 1939, pp. 10-16 and Hayward 1964, pp. 225-30)


Estimate: 800-1200

900
195

‡ AN ELBOW GAUNTLET FOR THE RIGHT HAND IN THE GERMAN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
formed of a long tubular cuff closed by a riveted join at the inside of the arm and extending over the point of the elbow to which it is slightly shaped, an outer wrist-plate, four metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate and scaled thumb and finger-defences (lightly patinated overall)
48.0 cm; 19 in


Estimate: 200-300

320
196

‡ A SABATON FOR THE LEFT FOOT IN THE GERMAN 'GOTHIC' STYLE OF THE LATE 15TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY; AND ANOTHER SIMILAR FOR THE RIGHT FOOT
the first formed of a front and a rear section joined to one another by a hinge at the inside and fastened by a stud and hole at the outside, the two elements cut away at their junction at each side to clear the undersides of the ankle bones, and the front section formed of a main plate fitted at its front with ten backward-overlapping lames shaped to the top of the foot and terminating in a long acutely-pointed toe-cap (lightly patinated overall); and the second similar to the last but having twelve lames over the foot, a considerably shorter toe-cap and being decorated on the upper surface of its front section with pairs of flutes arranged as two lozenges laid one in front of the other (lightly patinated overall)
The first 60.5 cm; 23¾ in; the second 46.5 cm; 18¼ in
(2)



Estimate: 800-1200

950
197

‡ A BEVOR IN THE SPANISH 'GOTHIC' STYLE OF THE LATE 15TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY
formed of a medially-ridged main plate strongly shaped to the chin, a tall face-plate pierced just below its inward-turned, obtusely pointed upper edge with a broad vision-slit, articulated at its lower edge to the main plate and supported at the right by a spring-catch, and a deep V-shaped gorget-plate pierced at its lower end with a pair of lace-holes fitted with brass eyelets (the right edge of the gorget-plate chipped, and the whole pitted and patinated overall)
41.0 cm; 16¼ in



Estimate: 700-1000

500
198

‡ A HALF-SHAFFRON IN THE GERMAN 'MAXIMILIAN' STYLE OF THE EARLY 16TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY
formed of a main plate shaped to the brow, fitted at its upper corners with tall gutter-shaped ear-defences and at the centre of the forehead with a plume-tube of rectangular section, the main plate and the outsides of the ears decorated with groups of flutes in the 'Maximilian' fashion', in each case emphasised by pairs of incised lines
27.5 cm; 11 in



Estimate: 800-1200

    
199

‡ A SOUTH GERMAN SHOT-PROOF STEEL TARGET, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1600
of convex circular form rising at its centre to a faceted ogival finial and formed around its edge with a series of puckers separated by later round-headed lining-rivets with brass rosette washers (three missing and the holes for them opened out for suspension-purposes), retaining a crimson-silk fringe and fragments of a leather lining, and fitted at each side with two later pairs of rivets and washers for the attachment of enarmes, their brass heads formed as human masks, the whole originally possessing a black-from-the-hammer finish (now much rubbed)
64.0 cm; 25¼ in

A shield of exactly the same design and decorated with brass masks of an identical pattern was sold in these rooms on 8 December 2010, lot 178, from the collection of the Princes of Hannover. It was struck with the quality control-mark of the city of Nuremberg and a mark attributed to the Nuremberg master Martin Schneider. A further shield from the same series is in the Art Institute of Chicago.

Estimate: 2000-3000

1450
200

‡ A STEEL TARGET WITH EMBOSSED DECORATION IN THE MID-16TH CENTURY ITALIAN STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
of circular form rising at its centre to a broad slightly flattened convex boss, and formed peripherally with a file roped inward turn accompanied by a wide recessed border, the whole finely embossed in high relief and chased within a pattern of strapwork and scrolling acanthus foliage with classical busts, satyrs and trophies of arms surrounding a central circular cartouche enclosing the head of an armoured and bearded warrior, it surface russetted overall (its rear showing a few small soldered repairs)
65.0 cm; 25½ in


Estimate: 2000-3000

    
 
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