Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria Sale
on Wednesday 4th December 2013

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Lots marked in the text-only catalogue with a bullet character (•) are subject to the Artist's Resale Right Scheme.

1.      **A JAPANESE SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGER (AIKUCHI TANTO)
with single-edged blade with wavy hamon and a long fuller on each face, signed tang pierced with two mekugi-ana, engraved copper ferrule, banded lacquered grip with silver mounts decorated with foliage in soft metal, in its lacquered saya with silver mounts en suite, and complete with silver accompanying pieces comprising wari-kogai and kozuka
22.5cm; 8 7/8in blade

The tang is signed "Kunihiro"
£1500-2500
2.      A JAPANESE DAGGER (AIKUCHI TANTO), DATED 1784
with single-edged blade (small nicks), signed tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, iron tsuba pierced and chiselled with leaves and enriched with soft metal, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip with soft metal mounts including menuki, and the kabuto-gane decorated with a wave pattern, in its lacquered wooden saya decorated with garlands of gilt flowers, complete with signed kozuka decorated with a carp
23.5 cm; 9 1/4 in blade

The tanto is signed 'Sendai ju Kunikane' and dated 1784. £400-600
3.      A JAPANESE DAGGER (AIKUCHI), AND A BONE-MOUNTED SWORD (KATANA), 19TH CENTURY
the first with curved single-edged blade formed with a long fuller and wavy hamon, plain tang pierced with two mekugi-ana, the grip bound with baleen and with soft metal sea shell menuki, in its lacquered saya with signed kozuka; the second with single-edged blade, the hilt and scabbard of characteristic sectional bone carved and engraved with a vertical arrangement of figures in contemporary dress
the first: 26.8 cm; 10 5/8 in blade
(2)

The kozuka signature reads Monju Taro Kanekiyo. £600-800
4.      A JAPANESE SHORT SWORD (WAKIZASHI) AND ANOTHER SWORD (KATANA)
with first with curved single-edged blade with wavy hamon (chips), tang with later signature 'Echizen no kami Sukehiro' pierced with a single mekugi-ana, in shira saya; the second with curved single-edged blade, and signed tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana (pitted)
the first: 45 cm; 17 3/4 in blade
(2)
£200-300
5.      A JAPANESE BONE-MOUNTED SWORD (KATANA), LATE 19TH CENTURY
with slightly curved single-edged blade, bone tsuba grip and saya, all finely carved with vertically arranged detailed figurative scenes including mounted warriors on the grip and a battle scene on the lower portion of the saya, and with a single ring for suspension (the other ring missing)
50.8cm; 20in blade
£400-600
6.      A JAPANESE NAVAL OFFICER'S BICORN HAT CIRCA 1900
of black silk with black lace binding to edges, black silk rosette under massive gold-embroidered loop with fine gilt button, tassels at ends with gold bullions and blue/gold woven heads, good black leather headband and white pleated silk lining inscribed with Japanese characters

£150-250
7.      **A CHINESE DECORATED SWORD (DAO), QING DYNASTY, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with curved fullered blade double-edged towards the point, the forte enclosed by a shaped panel on each side, copper hilt comprising circular guard with a down-turned brim, ferrule and pommel, all finely inlaid with traditional designs of scrollwork involving stylised dragons, wooden grip bound with cord, in its wooden scabbard retaining a portion of its leather covering (the lower leather replaced), with copper mounts inlaid with gold en suite with the hilt, comprising characteristic shaped chape, locket, a pair of bands, the latter two joined by a gilt brass panel pierced and chiselled with pairs of addorsed dragons, and retaining much gold throughout
77.5 cm; 30 ½ in blade

A number of swords of related type and decoration are preserved in the Palace Museum, Beijing. See Beijing 2008, pp. 154-171.
£2000-3000
8.      **A CHINESE SWORD (DAO), QING DYNASTY, LATE 19TH CENTURY
with curved blade formed with a scalloped back-edge, cut with a long fuller and a further fuller divided into four sections with copper pellets between, cut with a stylised dragon on one side of the forte and a series of Chinese characters on the other (Danei shiwei zhuanyong: Exclusive use for the Imperial guards) copper hilt comprising dish guard, ferrule and pommel all cast with traditional scrolls in low relief, and wooden grip bound with cord
74 cm; 29 ¼ in blade
£300-500
9.      A RARE 28 BORE CHINESE MATCHLOCK GUN, 18TH/19TH CENTURY AND A .620 CALIBRE AFGHAN FLINTLOCK RIFLE, 19TH CENTURY
the first with swamped sighted barrel retained by two brass bands, the breech with standing back-sight and integral pan with pivot-cover, the action enclosed within the stock, retained by a brass plaque, curved iron serpentine and trigger, hardwood full stock (small cracks) including a flat forward lug for resting and a rounded rear lug, each pierced and set with an engraved brass foliate washer, a single sling swivel, and the butt retaining its pouch for match cord; the second with tapering octagonal Turkish barrel, East India company lock, and figured hardwood full stock (losses)
the first: 75.5 cm; 29 3/4 in barrel
(2)

A similar example to the first was sold in these rooms, 29th June 2011 lot 75. £600-800
10.     A RARE IRON CANNON, 17TH/19TH CENTURY, CHINESE OR INDIAN
formed of hammer welded longitudinal bars bound by seven reinforced bands alternating with six slender bands, stepped moulded muzzle, and fitted with a ring at each end for transport; together with an associated breech block, with rebated muzzle, hexagonal body, and reinforced breech fitted with a hexagonal pan
the barrel: 148cm; 58 1/4in long
4cm; 1 1/2in bore
(2)

The appearance of this cannon is strikingly similar to European examples of the late 15th/early 16th Century that was widely imitated over the subsequent centuries in India, China and other parts of the far East. For another example preserved in the Royal Armouries see H. L. Blackmore 1976, pp. 175-176 (inv. no. XIX.110).
£1200-1500
11.     **AN UNUSUAL SOUTH EAST ASIAN SILVER-MOUNTED SHORTSWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY
with pattern-welded blade of flattened-diamond section, waisted forte pierced with two shaped apertures, cut with a pair of fullers on each face, formed with a pair of pronounced up-turned lugs and with further filed patterns beneath, silver hilt formed of a moulded collar decorated with fine roping, a pair of separate near triangular panels decorated with lotus foliage extending over the lower portion of the grip, and large carved horn grip rising to a pronounced pommel
48.2cm; 19in blade
£600-800
12.     AN INDIAN DECORATED ELEPHANT GOAD (ANCUS), 19TH CENTURY
with characteristic hook-shaped terminal and central blade, openwork haft with a rattle bell in each section (one missing), and rounded basal cap, decorated throughout with gold koftgari scrolls, foliage and chevron patterns (some wear)
54 cm; 21 1/4 in overall

£300-500
13.     AN INDIAN DAGGER (KATAR), 18TH CENTURY
with sharply tapering blade formed with a reinforced tip, converging fullers divided by a central rib rising from a chiselled and gilt flower at the forte on each face all against a watered ground, russet iron hilt decorated with silver and gilt sprays of foliage on the side bars and the grip, the latter formed of two moulded bars with a pierced design of exotic gilt birds between, in its fabric-covered wooden scabbard with iron chape decorated en suite (the gold and silver with losses)
25.5 cm; 10 in blade
£600-800
14.     AN INDIAN FOLDING DAGGER (KATAR) AND AN INDIAN DOUBLE DAGGER (KATAR), LATE 19TH CENTURY
the first with concealed tapering double-edged blade, a pair of outer blades enclosing the former, decorated with a central panel filled with exotic beasts in gold koftgari, steel hilt decorated en suite, including a pair of moulded grip-bars, the lower opening the scabbard; the second with tapering blade decorated with a central panel filled with silver foliage, characteristic hilt decorated with silver en suite, in its matching scabbard formed as a larger katar
the first: 20.5 cm; 8 in blade
(2)

Provenance
The second: Frank Gair Macomber, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10th-12th December 1936, lot 265
£400-600
15.     AN INDIAN DAGGER FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL (JAMDHAR KATARI), 18TH CENTURY
with tapering blade, iron hilt comprising near straight flat cross-piece, two-stage grip, and wing-shaped pommel of stepped section (pitted overall)
25 cm; 9 7/8 in blade


£200-300
16.     **AN UNUSUAL INDIAN SWORD (KHANDA), 18TH CENTURY
with fullered blade double-edged towards the point, stamped with a series of letters and decorative marks on each face, iron hilt comprising a pair of quillons pierced with rectangular panels and terminating in star-shaped flowerheads, langets with pierced scrollwork finials, figure-of-eight shaped guard with reinforced rim (two rivets detached), retained on the inside by a pair of transverse pins, broad knuckle-guard applied with a central rib with a pierced finial top and bottom en suite with the langets, disc pommel with attenuated button terminating in a bud-shaped finial, fitted with pierced gilt copper loop, retaining much gold koftgari decoration throughout (rubbed), and the grip retaining almost all its original binding of plaited silver and brass wire
84.5 cm; 33 1/4 in blade £1000-1500
17.     AN INDIAN SWORD (TEGHA), 19TH CENURY
with characteristic broad blade formed with a reinforced back-edge and double-edged towards the point, encrusted with brass foliage and elephants enclosed within copper frames on each face and further motifs including figures in traditional dress on the other, iron hilt of talwar form, including a pair of mushroom shaped quillons, large disc pommel and integral grip
each face
68 cm; 26 3/4 in blade
£250-350
18.     **A MORO SHORTSWORD (KRIS), LATE 19TH CENTURY
with broad blade flaring at the base and overlaid with a brass band, rattan bound grip (small losses), wooden pommel, in its wooden scabbard (chipped throughout)
47.5 cm; 18 3/4 in blade £100-150
19.     AN ARGENTINIAN 'GOUCHO' KNIFE, 20TH CENTURY
with tapering blade stamped with an inscription including 'Argentina' on one face, white metal hilt enriched with gilt flowerheads, decorated with the enamelled national arms on one side, in its matching scabbard with marked belt hook stamped with a further inscription
14 cm; 5 ½ in blade
£200-300
20.     AN AFGHAN DAGGER (PESH-KABZ), DATED 1879
with tapering reinforced blade of T-section, chiselled along the back-edge with a slender rib, shaped tang (the back-strap missing), fitted with a pair of ivory grip-scales (age cracks, a contemporary repair), inlaid with the inscription 'Kandahar 1879' in hatched silver letters on one side, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with silver locket and a silver band each embossed with scrolling foliage, the latter enclosing a chiselled iron chape
32.3 cm; 12 ¾ in blade

Provenance
Anthony Tirri Collection, illustrated in A. C. Tirri 2003, p. 245.

On 26th May 1879 Britain signed the treaty of Gandamak after which they occupied the Khyber Pass and paid the Amir of Afghanistan an annual subsidy. On 3rd September of the same year Afghan troops murdered the British legation at Kabul. £500-700
21.     AN ARAB DAGGER (JAMBIYA), 19TH CENTURY
with curved double-edged blade formed with a medial ridge, hardwood grip of characteristic form, retained by a pair of rivets with beadwork foliate heads on each side, a beadwork central band, and the inner face enclosed by a large silver plaque, in a well matched fabric-covered wooden scabbard with large silver chape decorated with silver filigree, beadwork and flowers
20.5 cm; 8 1/8 in blade
£350-450
22.     AN INDIAN (COORG) SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGER (PICHANGATTI), 19TH CENTURY
with hatchet blade formed with a clipped back point and punched with a series of stars along the back-edge, pistol-grip swelling towards the terminal, overlaid with a thick sheet of silver and retained by three pairs of gilt-headed rivets, the pommel applied with a gilt crescent along the top-edge and set with a garnet on one side, in its silver and gilt mounted hardwood scabbard, with suspension chain
16.5 cm; 6 ½ in blade
£200-300
23.     AN OTTOMAN HARDSTONE AND SILVER-MOUNTED MACE, 19TH CENTURY PROBABLY BALKAN
with red marble ovoid head, wooden haft fitted with a large silver collar top and bottom, each decorated with beadwork bands and incised designs, the middle section covered with later fabric and bound by three silver straps, and the base fitted with a silver ring for suspension
54.5 cm; 21 ½ in overall


£1200-1800
24.     AN INDO-PERSIAN MACE, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
with bulb-shaped head formed of six shaped flanges, tubular socket decorated with silver koftgari, fabric-covered wooden haft, and steel basal cap en suite with the head (rubbed)
67.5cm; 26 1/2in overall £500-800
25.     **AN AXE HEAD, POSSIBLY EAST EUROPEAN LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY
in excavated condition, with crescentic axe head, down-curved rear fluke moulded at the base and tapering bronze socket formed with a moulding top and bottom
24.5cm; 9 3/4in head
£150-200
26.     AN INDIAN AXE, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with crescentic axe-blade of wedge-shaped section, flat rear face, three-stage haft, moulded threaded basal cap incorporating a slender blade, and retaining some silver scrollwork and foliage over its surface (losses, patinated)
56.5 cm; 26 1/4 in overall
£150-200
27.     A SICKLE, 19TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY TURKISH
with curved blade pierced with a series of decorative apertures, the outer face enriched with engraved designs and letters, hollow moulded tubular grip, and belt hook (worn)
26 cm; 10 1/4 in high £40-60
28.     A FINE INDIAN CIRCULAR SHIELD (DHAL), 18TH CENTURY
of shallow domed watered steel, the outer surface chiselled with two circular bands of lotus foliage joined by four triangular panels bordered by chiselled scrollwork, one engraved with a further flowerhead scroll, fitted with four pierced domed bosses each retained by a flowerhead washer, the border reinforced with an iron band, the outer surface enriched throughout with gold koftgari flowers and foliage (rubbed, small losses), the interior with an early quilted padded red silk lining (faded), fitted with a decorated pad, four enarmes, and leather straps
41 cm; 16 1/8 in diameter

Another shield of this form dated 1120 AH (circa 1708) was exhibited at the Victoria & Albert Museum, 1982. See R. Skelton 1982, p. 138, no. 459. £4000-6000
29.     **AN INDO-PERSIAN HELMET (KULAH KHUD), 19TH CENTURY
with hemispherical skull, embossed at the front with a demon mask, fitted with central spike formed as a triangular blade, a pair of horns, and nasal bar with a pierced rondel top and bottom, decorated over the greater part of the skull and the horns with a delicate pattern of silver foliage within linear frames, all enriched with very small gold flowers (rubbed, losses), with a portion of a mail neck-defence
27 cm; 10 5/8 in high
£400-600
30.     A PAIR OF INDIAN FORE-ARM DEFENCES (BAZU BANDS), 19TH CENTURY
each of gutter-shaped form, embossed with an elliptical moulding over the fore-arm (inner plates and lining missing), the borders decorated with gold koftgari scrollwork and flowers, and fitted with a hinge for the inner plates on each side
31.5cm; 12 1/2in overall
(2)
£1000-1500
31.     **AN INDO-PERSIAN HELMET (KULAH KHUD), 19TH CENTURY
with hemispherical skull etched over its surface with scenes from the chase including figures in traditional dress, a band of inscriptions around the base, fitted with a pair of plume holders at the front, sliding nasal bar (retaining screw and central spike missing), and a very small portion of its mail neck-defence
14 cm; 5 1/2 in high

£250-350
32.     **AN INDIAN DECORATED SHIELD (DHAL), 19TH CENTURY
of low convex form, decorated over the greater part of its outer surface with gold koftgari foliage and scrollwork panels, applied with brass tendrils carrying pierced shaped leaves, fitted with four parcel gilt bosses, the inner face with its patterned fabric lining and red pad, four steel rings and enarmes (small losses)
23cm; 9in diameter
£400-600
33.     **AN INDO-PERSIAN SHIELD (DHAL), 19TH CENTURY
of low domed form, the outer surface decorated with foliate borders enclosing calligraphic panels, the latter enriched with silver koftgari, the centre pierced with elaborate patterns of scrolls and calligraphic panels all enriched with gold koftgari, backed by coloured panels and enriched with brass studs, fitted with four shaped domed bosses corresponding with rings for enarmes (now missing, koftgari rubbed), and the rim enclosed by a brass band
46.5cm; 18 1/4in diameter £500-700
34.     A CAUCASIAN SILVER-MOUNTED KINDJAL AND COSSACK DRESS UNIFORM, 20TH CENTURY
the kindjal with double-edged fullered blade of polished steel, etched with a brief inscription on each face, horn hilt retained by a pair of rivets with domed nielloed silver caps, matching ferrule enriched with beadwork, in its leather-covered scabbard with large silver mounts decorated with nielloed silver and beadwork, with its matching suspension belt, together with fleece hat, blue woollen uniform including eight imitation charge measures with decorated silver tops, and a pair of black leather boots
the kindjal: 33.5 cm; 13 1/4 in blade
£600-800
35.     A BALKAN DAGGER, MID-19TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY GEORGIAN
with broad curved blade formed with a medial ridge, carved morse hilt incorporating a cylindrical grip, in its wooden scabbard encased in silver engraved with bouquets of flowers (the inner face holed), with scalloped finial, and the outer face incorporating a suspension loop
33.5 cm; 13 ¼ in blade

A similar dagger is preserved in the State Hermitage, St Petersburg. See Y. Muller 1997, p. 75 no. 21.

£1000-1200
36.     **A TWO PRONGED PERSIAN SPEARHEAD, 19TH CENTURY
with two finely formed wavy parallel blades of equal length, each formed with a long medial rib and reinforced tip, inlaid with a panel of gold scrollwork on each side at the base, moulded socket formed in four faceted stages, retaining traces of gold koftgari decoration
58.5 cm; 23 in overall

An undecorated example of similar form is preserved in the Military Museum, Tehran. See M. M. Khorasani 2006, cat. 311 £700-900
37.     A CAUCASIAN SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGER (KINDJAL), LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY
with broad double-edged blade sharply tapering towards the point and cut with an off-set fuller on each face, characteristic hilt encased in silver chased with beadwork around the borders, chiselled with foliage enriched with niello, the inner face with further designs of niello, in its wooden scabbard encased in silver decorated on each face en suite with the hilt, and fitted with a loop for suspension
35.3 cm; 14 in blade £400-600
38.     AN OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED SHORTSWORD (YATAGHAN), TURKEY, 18TH CENTURY
with curved single-edged watered blade stamped with a mark on one side, decorated silver hilt extending over the forte with a pair of shaped panels, the back of the blade applied with a silver plaque nielloed with an inscription, integral grip rising to an eared pommel (cracked, small losses), engraved much of its surface with scrolls and foliage, in a contemporary leather-covered wooden scabbard
60.3 cm; 23 ¾ in blade £400-600
39.     AN OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED SHORTSWORD (YATAGHAN), TURKEY, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with curved single-edged blade, embossed silver hilt extending over the forte on each side, (the back-strap panel missing), integral grip decorated over its surface with a trellis pattern filled with flowerheads, and eared pommel decorated with a trophy-of-arms, in a contemporary shagreen covered European hunting sword scabbard, with silver mounts comprising chape, middle band (ring missing) and locket with suspension ring
51.5 cm; 20 ¼ in blade

£300-500
40.     **AN INDIAN BRASS PRIMING FLASK, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY
of characteristic horn shaped form (bud-finial missing), chiselled with shaped panels in low relief, a central band of filigree, fitted with spring cut-off, and two loops for suspension
17.5 cm; 7 in £200-300
41.     **AN OTTOMAN DECORATED HOLSTER FOR A PAIR OF KUBUR PISTOLS, 19TH CENTURY
of leather, the inner face tooled and fitted with a belt loop, the outer face sewn with copper wire and with a flap covering two small cylindrical pockets for flint
28 cm; 11 in high
£250-350
42.     **A PAIR OF 15 BORE OTTOMAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS, 19TH CENTURY, ALBANIA OR TURKEY
with tapering barrels retained by pierced and engraved brass muzzle bands, formed with long flats, chiselled with figures, raised mouldings and foliage over the breeches, the tangs overlaid with nielloed silver plaques decorated with foliage, pellets and border ornament, rounded locks with boldly formed borders, full stocks moulded over the fore-ends and about the tangs, sparsely inlaid with silver wire ornament (losses), brass mounts including side-plates, trigger-guards with foliate terminals spurred pommels and a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes, and imitation ramrods
37 cm; 14 1/2 in barrels
(2)

Pistols of this type were made for export from Albania to Egypt. See R. Elgood 2009, p. 189.
£800-1000
43.     TWO MORROCAN POWDER-FLASKS, 19TH CENTURY
each with horn body, large brass mounts chiselled with designs of scrollwork and foliage, one enriched with white metal, and each with two loops for suspension
34 cm; 13 3/8 in and 35 cm; 13 ¾ in
(2)
£100-150
44.     **A 40 BORE INDIAN PERCUSSION TRAVELLING PISTOL, MID-19TH CENTURY
in the European taste, with two-stage barrel formed with a vase-shaped muzzle, encrusted with panels of gold foliage at the breech, median and muzzle, engraved tang, engraved box-lock action fitted with spurred hammer decorated with gold en suite with the barrel, flat-sided figured walnut butt, silver trigger-guard with moulded finial (retaining screw missing), and steel ramrod
16.5 cm; 6 1/2 in barrel £300-500
45.     **AN OTTOMAN BALKAN SILVER-GILT MOUNTED FLINTLOCK KUBUR (HOLSTER) PISTOL, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY GREEK
with tapering barrel stamped in imitation of proof marks at the breech, retained by a large silver gilt muzzle band repoussé with beadwork and scrolls on a gilt punched ground (the rear band missing), plain tang (screw replaced), associated rounded lock, wooden full stock entirely encased in repoussé panels of silver gilt en suite with the muzzle band, the grip bound with plaited silver wire (loose), pommel fitted with chased cap, silver trigger-guard with ropework border, and simulated ramrod (adapted for display, the muzzle fitted with a threaded plug)
30 cm; 11 ¾ in barrel

See R. Elgood 1995 pp. 98-99. £700-900
46.     A RARE 20 BORE OTTOMAN DECORATED MATCHLOCK MUSKET, TURKEY, LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY
with octagonal twist sighted barrel retained by a pair of pierced and engraved silver bands (rubbed), the breech and muzzle each formed with a raised shaped moulding encrusted with gold scrolls within linear frames, the breech stamped with the gold-lined barrelsmith's mark, incorporating a tall back-sight decorated with a band of gold beadwork between two lines and fitted with brass pan with pivot-cover, the action with brass serpentine and trigger each enclosed by an engraved parcel gilt silver plate, full stock entirely veneered in small rectangular panels of horn and bone within a framework of brass fillets, inlaid with numerous brass framed rondels filled with contrasting colours of horn, the panels adjoining the barrel stained green, faceted butt partly veneered en suite, applied with engraved shaped parcel gilt silver plaques set with corals, further parcel gilt silver panels embossed with beadwork and set with corals, all enriched with brass nails, faceted ivory butt cap inset with matching rondels, pricker with chain, suspension ring with chain opposite the lock (forward sling swivel missing, the inlay with losses, small chips and wear), fore-end cap matching the barrel bands and brass tipped ramrod, perhaps the original
123cm; 48 1/2in barrel

Provenance
The descendant family of Sir Thomas Joseph Strangman QC (1873- 1971)

Sir Thomas Joseph Strangman, son of Joseph Strangman of Southport Lancashire was educated at Charterhouse and Trinity College Cambridge. He was admitted at the Middle Temple 14th April 1893, called to the Bar in 1896 and to the Bar in India the same year. He was Advocate General in Bombay 1908-15 and 1916-22 and was knighted 1920. See J. Venn 1922-58.

The decoration on the present gun is related to a distinctive group of ivory-stocked miquelet-lock muskets that have been attributed to the guard of Sultan Abdul Hamid I (1725-1789, ruled 1773-89). Six of the group are preserved in the Topkapi Sarayi Museum, another is in the Gatchina Arsenal, St Petersburg (GDM 803) and another was sold Christie's South Kensington 17th December 2008, lot 37. For a discussion of the group see H. Ricketts and P. Missillier 1988, p. 162, no. 43.
£12000-18000
47.     A 32 BORE OTTOMAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, TURKEY, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel retained by two chased silver bands (one associated), encrusted with gold scrollwork and pellets over the breech (rubbed, small losses), gold inlaid stepped lock signed in gold in imitation of a European maker, fitted with gold decorated cock pierced with scrollwork, rainproof pan and roller, gold-lined pan, full stock profusely inlaid with silver and gilt wire scrolls within a plaited silver wire framework, signed en suite with the lock beneath the fore-end, applied with a large chased silver band over the spine of the butt and with two gold-encrusted steel ovals behind, silver mounts comprising pierced scrollwork side-plate, spurred pommel decorated with scrolls and engraved details, trigger-guard with elaborately pierced finial, and imitation silver ramrod (areas of wear, small losses)
35.5 cm; 14 in barrel £1000-1500
48.     **A RARE NORTH INDIAN FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with swamped barrel belled towards the muzzle, formed with raised mouldings behind the muzzle and ahead of the breech, the latter incorporating a standing back-sight, engraved shaped tang, engraved lock in the European taste, fitted with engraved cock (the upper portion missing), semi-rainproof pan and roller, full stock (fore-end with small cracks and chips), carved with foliage about the tang, hooked butt formed with a characteristic bifurcated fishtail terminal, iron mounts including scrolling trigger-guard with pineapple finial, and a pair of ramrod-pipes, and brass two piece side plate and barrel bolt escutcheons (one escutcheon and the ramrod missing)
77 cm; 33 3/8 in barrel

A flintlock gun of related form is illustrated R. Hales 2013, p. 279, no. 680.
£800-1200
49.     TWO RARE IRON AGE SWORDS, 5TH/1ST CENTURY B.C., PROBABLY LA TENE CULTURE
in excavated condition, each of leaf-shaped form, of slightly hollow-diamond section (chips, small holes), rounded shoulders, and long tapering tang
76.5cm; 30 1/8in and 77cm; 30 3/8in overall
(2) £600-800
50.     A SCOTTISH SILVER-MOUNTED DIRK, DATED 1857
with straight blade cut with a fuller along the scalloped back-edge and stamped 'Hodge Inverness' on one side, engraved silver hilt comprising ferrule and cap pommel each decorated with traditional ornament, basket-weave grip enriched with silver nails, in its tooled leather scabbard decorated with revivalist designs, with silver mounts engraved en suite with the hilt, the locket dated and inscribed 'JHS to J.McPherson for Dress and Dancing' and complete with its matching knife signed 'Hodge' and fork (the silver parts rubbed throughout)
29.8cm; 11 5/8in blade £400-600
51.     A LEFT HAND DAGGER IN EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE
with tapering fullered blade formed with a fullered ricasso, iron hilt comprising a pair of down-curved quillons with flattened rounded terminals, outer ring-guard, ovoid pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire and Turk's heads (areas of pitting)
26 cm; 10 1/4 in blade

£300-500
52.     A KNIFE WITH CARVED BONE HILT, 18TH CENTURY AND LATER
with 19th century carving knife blade, Dutch grip carved with characteristic profile figures (cracked), silver ferrule and cap pommel, the latter engraved 'L. D. 1872 T. H.'
22.5 cm; 8 7/8 in blade
£200-300
53.     A COMPOSITE TWO-HAND SWORD, 16TH CENTURY AND LATER
with 16th century tapering double-edged blade punched with a running wolf mark with some latten inlay ahead of a short fuller on one face and a series of decorative marks on the reverse, iron hilt comprising later cross-guard with outer ring, fluted near spherical pommel, and wooden grip bound with wire
107 cm; 42 1/4 in blade £1500-2500
54.     AN ENGLISH RAPIER WITH SILVER-ENCRUSTED HILT, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with associated tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, iron hilt including a pair of short quillons with tightly curling terminals, asymmetrical petal-shaped dish-guard finely pierced and chiselled with scrolling foliage inhabited by reclining figures on the outside (knuckle-guard missing), fluted ovoid pommel, and with some silver-encrusted decoration throughout (rubbed, the iron pitted), and later grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turk's heads'
84 cm; 33 1/8 in blade £800-1200
55.     A NORTH EUROPEAN DISH-HILT RAPIER, MID-17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY ENGLISH
with later tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, symmetrical iron hilt finely chiselled in low relief, comprising shallow dish-guard decorated on the outside with patterns of foliage within interlocking ropework frames, a pair of horizontally recurved bifurcated quillons with mulberry terminals, quillon-block chiselled with scrolls, knuckle-guard interrupted by a globular central moulding en suite with the quillons, matching globular pommel, and later spirally carved grip
87.5 cm; 34 ½ in blade

The chiselling of this hilt is notably fine, a related example is preserved in the Royal Armouries Leeds. See A. R. Dufty 1974 p. 20 plate 30b.
£1000-1500
56.     A COMPOSITE ENGLISH MORTUARY SWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with tapering blade double-edged towards the tip, stamped with a brief inscription within a pair of long fullers on each face, symmetrical iron hilt comprising a pair of rounded langets, basket-guard pierced and chiselled with scrolling foliage, the knuckle-guard joined to the front and rear guard by a pair of scrolling bars, an additional bar front and rear, chiselled ovoid pommel (the hilt painted black, one bar loose), and later grip
81 cm; 32 in blade
£500-800
57.     A RAPIER WITH BLUED STEEL HILT, POSSIBLY GERMAN LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY
with long blade of flattened-hexagonal section (areas of pitting), stamped 'SHAGVM' within a short fuller framed by lines and punched designs on each side of the forte, tapering rectangular ricasso cut with incised lines at the borders, steel hilt of rounded bars, comprising vertically-recurved quillons with moulded bud-shaped terminals, a pair of moulded arms, a pair of additional frontal bars each with a terminal matching the quillons, outer ring-guard strongly curved down in the centre with a further matching moulding and interrupted on each side with an ovoidal moulding, trifurcated inner-guard, large ovoid pommel with moulded button, with later dark blue finish and the grip with a later binding of plaited wire and 'Turks' heads'
120.5 cm; 47 1/2in blade
£2000-3000
58.     AN ITALIAN BACKSWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with tapering blade double-edged towards the point, cut with three near full-length fullers over the greater part of its length on each face, steel hilt of flattened rounded bars, comprising a pair of forward curled quillons (one with a brazed repair), écusson, a pair of arms joined at the base by an outer ring-guard, knuckle-guard, and flattened disc-shaped pommel (inner-guard and grip missing, pitted throughout)
97.7cm; 38 1/2in blade

A rapier with a hilt of related type is preserved in the Schweizerisches Landesmuseum, Zurich. See H. Schneider and K. Stüber 1980, cat. no. 143. £500-700
59.     A GERMAN BACKSWORD, CIRCA 1500-20, PROBABLY LOW GERMAN
in excavated condition, with tapering blade double-edged and of flattened-diamond section for the last quarter, iron hilt comprising a pair of slightly down-curved moulded quillons with flattened mushroom-shaped terminals, outer ring-guard, moulded knuckle-guard, and pommel en suite with the quillons, and retaining some early gilding throughout
76.5cm; 30 1/8in blade

The form of the pommel and the style of decoration are reminiscent of German "Landsknecht" swords and daggers of the first half of the sixteenth century. The pommel is similar to the dagger of Duke Heinrich the Younger of Brunswick, now preserved in the Historisches Museum, Dresden. See H. Seitz 1965 p. 370, fig. 276 and pl. IX.

£1000-1500
60.     AN ENGLISH HUNTING SWORD WITH SILVER-ENCRUSTED HILT, MID-17TH CENTURY
with curved blade double-edged towards the point, cut with two long fullers, struck with a running wolf mark, a four leaf clover mark four times, and a double eye-lash mark on each face, the forte stamped with a further mark, iron hilt comprising down-turned outer shell-guard, short quillon with shaped flattened terminal, knuckle-guard interrupted by a moulding en suite with the quillon, cap pommel, decorated throughout with a trellis pattern of silver beadwork framing silver pellets (extensively rubbed, and staghorn grip
62.2cm; 24 ½ in blade

Another sword from this group is preserved in the Royal Armouries Leeds. See A. R. Dufty 1974 p. 25 plate 55 b. £700-900
61.     AN ENGLISH SWORD, MID-17TH CENTURY
with tapering blade finely pierced with a series of slipped circles within three short fullers on each face at the forte, iron hilt pierced and chiselled in low relief, comprising down-curved shell-guard, scrolling quillon, knuckle-guard and cap pommel joined to the knuckle-guard by a scroll (patinated), and 18th century reeded horn grip
81 cm; 32 in blade

£500-800
62.     A CONTINENTAL SILVER-MOUNTED HUNTING SWORD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with tapering fullered blade double-edged towards the point, etched with scrollwork and a sun-in-splendour on the respective faces, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising a pair of short writhen quillons with curled terminals cap pommel chased with a grotesque, and spirally-carved grip bound with twisted wire
59 cm; 23 1/4 in blade
£250-350
63.     **A DECORATED GERMAN SMALL-SWORD BLADE BY P. KNECHT, SOLINGEN, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with slender blade of hollow-triangular section, etched and gilt with fronds, trophies, foliage and the maker's details on a blued panel over the forte, later grip, and retaining the silver locket and a small portion of a contemporary scabbard
81 cm; 32 in blade £80-120
64.     A GERMAN HUNTING SHORTSWORD, 19TH CENTURY
with single-edged fullered blade of polished steel, etched with a framework of scrolling foliage filled with differing game scenes on each face, stamped with the maker's name 'P. Hendrichs & Grah' on the forte, iron hilt comprising a pair of deer hoof quillons, scalloped shell-guard, natural staghorn grip, and pommel en suite with the shell, in its steel-mounted leather scabbard (worn, accompanying pieces missing)
33 cm; 13 in blade
£350-450
65.     A VICTORIAN COLONIAL HUNTING KNIFE BY BHODPUT OF NAGPORE, CIRCA 1860-80
with robust blade formed with a double-edged point, cut with a fuller along the back-edge and stamped by the maker, iron cross-guard pierced on one side for the scabbard retaining catch and with a pair of flat circular quillons, natural staghorn grip, and iron cap pommel, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard (small losses) with iron mounts including spring catch
24 cm; 9 ½ in blade

Bhodput of Nagpore is recommended as a supplier of good explosive bullet making equipment by Lieutenant Forsyth in The Sporting Rifle, 1867.
£200-300
66.     A HIGHLAND OFFICER'S BASKET-HILTED BACKSWORD, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with tapering blade double-edged for its last third, cut with a pair of fullers of differing length on each face and stamped 'BL' (feint) on one face of the forte, iron basket-guard including alternating near square and rectangular plates with delicately filed borders, all carried by flattened bars, a large oval ring for the reins, associated pommel, fishskin-covered grip, and an early velvet liner
96 cm; 37 3/4 in blade £800-1200
67.     **AN OFFICER'S SWORD, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY
with curved fullered blade etched with scrolls of foliage and a stylised dragon on each side of the forte, inscribed 'J. J. Runkel' on the back-edge, gilt brass hilt comprising short quillon, knuckle-guard, outer ring-guard, two scrolling frontal bars, a central rondel enclosing a twelve-point star previously fitted with a regimental device, back-strap, and fishskin-covered grip bound with wire (losses)
83 cm; 33 3/4 in blade

The form of the hilt is similar to Grenadier Officer's swords of the period 1800-20.
£400-600
68.     A GEORGE V ROYAL NAVAL RESERVE OFFICER'S SWORD BY MILLER & SONS
with etched blade including 'RNR', crowned Royal cypher and maker's details, gilt-brass hilt with folding side-guard, in its brass-mounted leather scabbard engraved with the owner's name 'James C. Johnstone' on the locket
80 cm; 31 1/2 in blade £200-300
69.     A POST 1902 NAVAL OFFICER'S SWORD BY GILLOTT, NEW BURLINGTON STREET, LONDON
of regulation type, with etched blade including the maker's details, brass hilt with folding side-guard, in its leather scabbard with brass mounts (locket missing), complete with belt and hangars
80 cm ; 31 1/2 in blade £200-300
70.     A FRENCH ARTILLERY SWORD, MID-19TH CENTURY
of regulation type, with curved blade, brass stirrup hilt, in its regulation steel scabbard
82 cm; 32 1/4 in blade


£150-250
71.     A CONTINENTAL ARTILLERY SWORD AND AN AFRICAN SPEAR, LATE 19TH CENTURY
the first with regulation fullered blade of French type, regulation nickel-plated hilt (bent) and banded horn grip, in its scabbard; and the second with leaf-shaped blade, bound with rattan at the base, on a short wooden haft
the first: 75.5cm; 29 3/4in blade
(2) £60-80
72.     TWO FRENCH MODEL 1816 INFANTRY SHORTSWORDS (BRIQUET)
of regulation type, one with Klingenthal Arsenal inscription (rubbed), regulation brass hilt, each in its scabbard
59.5 cm; 23 1/2 in
£120-180
73.     **A DIRK FOR A MEMBER OF THE EGYPTIAN CLUB, CIRCA 1798
with curved blade doubled-edged towards the point, etched and gilt with flowers, foliage, and elaborate trophies-of-arms on a blued panel over three quarters of its length, gilt-brass hilt comprising small outer-guard pierced and chiselled with a crocodile, faceted back-strap rising to form a scaly crocodile head, chequered grip (cracked, small chips), gilt knuckle-chain (reattached), in its leather scabbard with brass mounts comprising locket and middle band (chape missing)
31 cm; 12 ¼ in blade

Two days after the battle of the Nile, on the night of 3rd August 1798, the Captains of the fleet met on board the Orion, and inaugurated the 'Egyptian Club'. A document was then drawn up, and signed by all present, inviting Sir Horatio Nelson to accept the gift of a sword and to have his portrait painted for the club. Nelson's gold sword was ordered through Rundell & Bridge. There was a rumour in London that the eyes of the crocodile were to be of diamonds and the scales of amethysts, emeralds and other precious jewels but this proved unfounded. Nelson's 'Egyptian Club' sword was sold at Christies on 12th July 1895 from the collection of Lord Bridport for £1,080. It was stolen from Greenwich Hospital in 1900 and never recovered. Little more is known of the 'Egyptian Club' who never seem to have met. The promised portrait was never completed although there was a story that a Neapolitan artist was invited to breakfast with the Captains but felt unworthy of the commission.

Nelson's own sword was distinguished by an enamel plaque set into each side of the grip, one showing Lord Nelson's arms and that on the reverse allegorical figures representing Britannia and Africa. On the guard was an enamel plaque representing the Battle of the Nile and a list of the captains who served: Captain Sir F. Berry, Vanguard; Captain T. Trowbridge, Cullodon; Captain R.W. Miller, Theseus; Captain A.J. Ball, Alexander; Captain Thomas Lewis, Minotaur; Captain Sir T.B. Thompson; Leander; Captain B. Hallowel, Swiftsure; Captain David Gould, Audacious; Captain John Peyton, Defence; Captain S. Hood, Zealous; Captain James Saumarez, Orion; Captain Thomas Foley, Goliath; Captain G.B. Westcott; Majestic; Captain H.D.E. Darby, Bellerophon; Captain S.M. Hardy, Mutine. Captain Westcott had been killed at the action.

The present dirk forms part of a very small group of dirks that were almost certainly made for members of the Egyptian club. Another, formerly in the collection of Nelson's prize agent, Alexander Davison, was sold Sotheby's, London, 21st October 2001, lot 14.
£6000-8000
74.     **A RARE CAROLINGIAN LUGGED SPEAR HEAD, 7TH/10TH CENTURY
in excavated condition, with broad leaf-shaped blade formed with a pair of pronounced basal lugs, and tapering faceted socket (losses)
61 cm; 24 in overall
£500-700
75.     **A SAXON MINERS GUILD AXE, LATE 17TH/EARLY 18TH CENTURY
with flat head formed with a characteristic spike fitted at the top with a brass bead, pierced with a slipped trefoil and six holes at the back (one hole broken out), the haft inlaid with numerous staghorn pellets and engraved stag horn rectangular plaques, the latter decorated with flowers and figures in contemporary dress, including the figure of Christ crucified on the back and a kneeling figure on each side of the head, horn basal cap engraved with the initials 'IHN' beneath crossed mining implements and with a cross in splendour above (small cracks and repairs)
77 cm; 30 3/8 in overall
£800-1000
76.     **A 'SPANISH' MORION WITH ETCHED DECORATION IN THE LATE 16TH CENTURY ITALIAN STYLE, 19TH OR 20TH CENTURY
with two-piece almond-shaped skull joined medially along a low crest surmounted at its apex by a separate backward-directed 'stalk' (loose) and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a separate brim formed in two pieces joined medially and attached to the crown by round-headed rivets decorated peripherally with radiating lines, the brim turned down slightly at each side (the right pierced with a later wiring-hole) and rising to an obtuse point front and rear, and its edge formed with a file-roped inward turn, the whole etched on a stippled and blackened ground with scrolling foliage divided by plain vertical bands on each side of the skull into three panels and involving in the central one an escutcheon charged with an eagle displayed
26.5 cm; 10½ in
£500-700
77.     **A GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE, MID-17TH CENTURY
with one-piece hemispherical skull embossed with six radiating ribs and fitted at its apex with a transversely-pieced finial and circular washer, at its brow with a flat obtusely-pointed peak, at its nape with a flaring obtusely-pointed neck-guard of four lames, and at each side with a pendent scutiform cheek-piece pierced at its centre with seven circular auditory-holes in rosette formation, the peak pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to receive a sliding nasal-bar retained by a staple and locking-screw at the brow, the leaf-shaped upper end of the nasal-bar and the tip of the peak each struck with the letter M, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns and its surface showing a light mottled patina overall
37.0 cm; 14½ in


£800-1200
78.     **A DUTCH CUIRASSIER'S CLOSE HELMET, CIRCA 1620
with rounded skull formed in two pieces joined along the crest of a low medial comb and fitted at the nape with a tapering plume-holder formed at its upper edge as a crown, obtusely-pointed peak and bevor attached to the skull by common pivots, the first fitted on its underside with a triple-barred face-guard bearing traces of incised decoration and the second cut with a broad U-shaped face-opening, the bevor and skull secured to one another at the right of the neck by a swivel-hook and pierced stud (the former replaced) and flanged outwards at their lower edges to receive in each case a gorget-plate of one lame (the front restored and the rear fitted at its centre with two sturdy staples for mounting purposes), the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns accompanied at the front of the peak by a recessed border and elsewhere by single incised lines repeated at subsidiary edges (moderately pitted overall)
31.5 cm; 12½ in
£2000-5000
79.     **A FINE ENGLISH SMALL-SWORD WITH BLUED CUT-STEEL HILT, CIRCA 1780, PERHAPS WOODSTOCK
with European blade etched and gilt with small stars on a blued panel over almost its entire length on each face, the forte signed 'De la Marque de la Mouchette à Solingen' and with the bladesmith's mark, crossed Papal keys beneath a crown, on one side, steel hilt profusely studded with minute faceted beads in imitation of brilliants, comprising oval dish-guard with delicately filed border, set with four large beads on a leafy ground, each corresponding with a low domed oval panel on the inside inlaid with a gold flowerhead, a pair of quillons with circular terminals enclosing a bead decorated with a gold flower on each side, a pair of slender arms, knuckle-guard, pommel and grip all decorated with faceted beads and oval panels with gold flowers en suite with the guard (small losses), in its parchment-covered wooden scabbard with steel mounts comprising chape, middle band and locket all matching the hilt, the locket inscribed Jefferson & Jones, Cockspur Street'
82.5 cm; 32 1/2in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 115

Thomas Jeffreys and William Jones were in partnership circa 1775-95. A bill for 'a very rich studded steel sword, A rich Moroco Belt, and a packing case' total £16 5s 0d dated 21st November 1775 bears both their names. See L. Southwick 2001, pp. 150-1.
£1000-1200
80.     **AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL SWORD, LONDON, 1763, MAKER'S MARK OF WILLIAM KINMAN
with colichemarde blade etched with scrollwork over the forte (shortened, pitting), silver hilt finely cast and chased with boldly writhen designs, comprising boatshell-guard, a pair of quillons with flattened globular terminals, a pair of slender scrolling arms, knuckle-guard, and globular pommel, and wooden grip bound with plaited wire and ribband between moulded collars, in a wooden scabbard with later covering, and well matched silver mounts
68.5 cm; 27 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 27

William Kinman is recorded circa 1728-1808, see L. Southwick 2001, pp. 159-160. £500-700
81.     **AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL SWORD, LONDON, 1771, MAKER'S MARK OF WILLIAM KINMAN
with colichemarde blade etched with scrollwork over the forte, silver hilt finely cast, pierced and chased with delicate scrolling tendrils, comprising shell-guard with a border of characteristic faceted beadwork, a pair of quillons, arms and knuckle-guard all decorated with faceted beadwork and scrolling tendrils, and pierced pommel en suite with the shell, and original grip bound with plaited silver wire and ribband between chased collars, in a portion of its tooled leather scabbard, retaining its silver locket chased en suite, the inner face engraved 'L. Mather Esq. to G. E. A. Carpenter'
83.7 cm; 33 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 114

See footnote to previous lot. Another hilt with the same beadwork design is illustrated L. Southwick 2001, colour plate 6.
£500-600
82.     **AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LONDON, 1754, MAKER'S MARK OF JOHN CARMAN
with colichemarde blade etched with scrolls over the forte (worn), silver hilt pierced cast and chased with trophies-of-music in low relief, comprising double shell-guard involving differing instruments enclosed by scrolls, quillon with globular foliate terminal, knuckle-guard with a central moulding chased with further instruments, ovoid pommel en suite with the shell, moulded silver button, and original grip bound with plaited silver wire and ribband between engraved silver collars
80 cm; 31 1/2in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 89

John Carman is recoded 1721/2-64. See L. Southwick 2001 pp. 63-4.
£500-700
83.     **AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL SWORD, LONDON 1764, MAKER'S MARK WK
with colichemarde blade etched with scrollwork over the forte (rubbed), silver hilt finely cast and chased with boldly writhen borders and scrollwork, comprising oval dish-guard struck twice with the maker's mark (indistinct), a pair of quillons, arms, knuckle-guard with scrolling terminal, and spirally fluted oval pommel, the grip with chased silver collars and later wire binding
70 cm; 27 5/8 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 110
£400-600
84.     **AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LONDON CIRCA 1790, MAKER'S MARK FT, RETAILED BY PROSSER LATE CULLUM
with military etched and gilt spadroon blade (pitted, worn), silver hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising oval shell-guard with fluted border, a pair of arms, a pair of quillons with flattened globular terminals, knuckle-guard swelling in the centre, ovoid pommel and wooden grip with a silver collar top and bottom, with silver locket inscribed by the retailer and stamped en suite with the hilt
82.5 cm; 32 1/2 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 144

John (1) Prosser is recorded circa 1769-1837. He was one of the leading suppliers of presentation pieces during the Napoleonic Wars. See L. Southwick 2001, pp. 199-200. £300-500
85.     **AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LONDON 1782, MAKER'S MARK TC
with associated hollow-triangular blade, silver hilt comprising oval shell-guard, a pair of quillons, knuckle-guard (bent) and urn shaped pommel all engraved with rococo flowers and garlands, and the grip bound with plaited wire between engraved silver collars
82.7 cm; 32 5/8 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 146 £400-600
86.     **AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1790
with associated German blade inlaid with a panel of brass flowers and foliage at the forte, silver hilt comprising oval dish-guard with beadwork border on the inside and the centre chased with a sunburst, a pair of quillons knuckle-guard with a sunburst central moulding, urn-shaped pommel en suite with the guard (rubs illegible, lacquered), and later grip, in a leather-covered wooden scabbard with silver middle band and locket (chape missing) the latter signed 'Langford No. 50 Fleet Street'
74.4 cm; 29 3/8 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 148 £500-600
87.     **A SILVER-HILTED HUNTING SWORD, LATE 18TH CENTURY
with curved broad fullered blade etched with celestial motifs on each side of the forte, silver hilt comprising robust cross-guard engraved with lines, grip swelling to a lionhead pommel, the former engraved with foliage and beadwork frames enclosing an oval on each side with differing sets of initials, and silver knuckle-chain, in a leather scabbard with silver locket and later chape
74.7cm; 29 3/8 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 133 £350-450
88.     **AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED OFFICER'S SWORD, LATE 18TH CENTURY
with curved fullered blade of regulation type, silver stirrup hilt comprising pierced slotted guard with a diamond-shaped moulding on the front, fluted quillon, back-strap rising to a serpent head pommel, and spirally carved hardwood grip (cracked) bound with plaited silver wire and set with two silver headed rivets (three missing)
78 cm; 30 3/4 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 143 £300-400
89.     **A FRENCH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1790
with slender hollow-triangular blade etched and gilt with trophies and scrolls over the lower portion, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief with bold designs of conventional foliage and corn fruit, including pierced double shell-guard (cracked), a pair of quillons with chiselled bud-shaped terminals, knuckle-guard with lionhead terminal, fluted ovoid pommel decorated with foliage around the base, and the grip with a later plaited wire binding
82 cm; 32 1/4 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 86 £450-600
90.     **A RARE FRENCH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1790
with two-stage blade etched over the lower portion (pitting), silver hilt pierced, cast and chased in low relief with scrollwork frames filled with pierced trellis designs involving rococo motifs, including very small down-turned shell-guard, broad outer ring-guard bordered by scrolls and with a central cockerel, a pair of quillons, knuckle-guard, globular pommel, and silver grip decorated en suite (rubbed, small chips and repairs)
83.8 cm; 33 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 87
£500-600
91.     **A FRENCH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1730
with two-stage blade, etched and gilt with scrollwork, a rococo mask and strapwork on a blued panel over the forte, silver hilt cast and chased en rocaillle with shell ornament within a scrollwork frame, comprising shell-guard enriched with a finely punched ground, quillon, a pair of moulded arms, one stamped with a mark (rubbed), knuckle-guard, ovoid pommel and silver grip cast and chased en suite
79.5 cm; 31 3/8 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 95 £500-600
92.     **A FRENCH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1750
with associated hollow-triangular blade, etched and gilt with scrolls on a blued panel over the forte, silver hilt finely cast, pierced and chased in low relief with rococo scrolls flowerheads and foliage (one small crack, repairs), comprising double shell-guard decorated on each side with differing trophies-of-arms within scrollwork frames, quillon-bock en suite, pierced quillon, knuckle-guard, a pair of arms struck with marks (rubbed), and pierced ovoid pommel en suite with the shell, and the grip with an early binding of plaited silver and brass wire between 'Turk's heads'
74.2 cm; 29 1/4 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 98 £400-500
93.     **A FRENCH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1740
with hollow-triangular blade etched with a panel at the forte including the inscription 'Nous aimons la Liberte', silver hilt comprising double shell-guard with moulded brim,, quillon with globular terminal, knuckle-guard, compressed pear-shaped pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire between moulded collars
81.5 cm; 32 1/8 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 100 £400-600
94.     **A FINE FRENCH SILVER-GILT HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1794/7
with tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal section, the forte etched and gilt with sprays of foliage and trophies on a blued panel on each side and with the bladesmith's initials 'AK', silver gilt hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising down-turned shell-guard pierced with designs of vine fruit and foliage within a scrollwork frame, a pair of quillons issuant from hound's masks and with terminals en suite with the shell, knuckle-guard with a spray of corn foliage in the centre and a recumbant swan forming the terminal, ovoid pommel decorated with further designs of corn, grapes and conventional foliage, and finely chequered ebony grip bound with slender chased silver panels,
81.2 cm; 32 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 151 £600-800
95.     **A NORTH EUROPEAN SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1750, POSSIBLY DANISH
with associated fine tapering two-stage blade, the lower portion of flattened-octagonal then flattened-hexagonal-section, etched and gilt with elaborate trophies-of-arms, a crowned flaming heart, the motto 'Vigilante', and a panel of scrollwork, on a blued panel on each face, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief with differing flowers, leafy foliage, rococo scrolls and shell ornament, comprising double shell-guard, quillon, a pair of arms each joined to the cross by a short scrolling bar, knuckle-guard flattened ovoid pommel and solid grip decorated en suite and incorporating a large flower on each side, remaining in fine condition, in an associated scabbard
76 cm; 30 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 92
£500-700
96.     **A GERMAN SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, AUGSBURG, CIRCA 1745/7
with tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal section, etched with scrollwork over the forte on each side, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief with writhen designs, comprising boatshell-guard scalloped at the front and back, a pair of quillons with globular terminals, knuckle-guard, a pair of fluted arms, ovoid pommel, and spirally moulded silver grip
73.5 cm; 29 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 103 £400-600
97.     **A EUROPEAN SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1800, MAKER'S MARK LB
with slender hollow-triangular blade etched and gilt with scrolls and trophies on a blued panel over the forte, silver hilt comprising oval shell-guard set with numerous faceted silver beads on the inside, quillon, knuckle-guard, ovoid pommel and silver grip all chased with matching designs of faceted beds within delicate ropework frames
81.7 cm; 32 1/4 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 118 £450-600
98.     **AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LONDON, CIRCA 1740
with colichemarde blade etched with scrolls over the forte, silver hilt cast and chased with scrolls, foliage and sprays of anthemion in low relief against a finely punched ground (marks rubbed), comprising double shell-guard, quillon with globular terminal, a pair of plain arms, quillon-block, knuckle-guard, globular pommel, moulded button, and silver grip decorated en suite (one small dent)
77 cm; 30 3/8 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 90 £450-550
99.     **AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, PROBABALY LONDON 1808
with colichemarde blade etched and gilt with scrolls and foliage on a blued panel on the forte, silver hilt, cast, pieced and chased with a trellis design of flowerheaeds (rubbed), comprising double shell-guard decorated with bows on the borders, a pair of arms, flattened globular quillon, knuckle-guard, ovoid pommel and silver grip all decorated en suite, in an earlier parchment-covered scabbard with chiselled steel mounts, the locket signed 'Bland, St James'
87.4 cm; 34 3/8 in blade

Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 117 £400-500
100.    **A NORTH-WEST PERSIAN BRONZE SHORTSWORD, LURISTAN, CIRCA 1000 B. C.
in excavated condition, with long tapering blade formed with a central rounded rib over its entire length on each face (cracked through and expertly repaired), square shoulders, and short tang, on its display stand
48.7 cm; 19 1/8 in blade
£350-450
101.    **A NORTH-WEST PERSIAN BRONZE SHORTSWORD, LURISTAN, CIRCA 1000 B. C.
in excavated condition, with long tapering blade formed with a central rounded rib over its entire length on each face, recessed thick shoulders, short tang, and painted with the inventory number 'J16' on one side
37.5 cm; 14 3/4 in blade
£200-300
102.    **A NORTH-WEST PERSIAN BRONZE SHORTSWORD, LURISTAN, CIRCA 1000 B. C.
in excavated condition, with tapering blade formed with a full length raised fluted ridge on each face, the forte enclosed by an elliptical moulding on each side, rectangular tang hollowed for a pair of grips, and small elliptical pommel
24.5 cm; 9 5/8 in blade
£200-300
103.    **EIGHT BRONZE PINS AND TWO BRONZE BUCKLES, PROBABLY LURISTAN, 1000/800 B.C.
the pins with decorated heads, the buckles each formed with a loop on the indside and decorated the outer face, and two small ceramic masks
the longest pin: 17 cm; 6 3/4 in
(13) £100-150
104.    **AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), 19TH CENTURY
with curved singled-edged heavy blade, decorated on each face with gold koftgari including a calligraphic cartouche (rubbed) and a panel of scrolling foliage at the forte, russet iron hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with thick terminals each pierced and chiselled as a flowerhead, elongated langets with pierced foliate terminals, recurved knuckle-guard with fluted bud-shaped finial, frontal guard formed en suite, large disc-shaped pommel with scalloped border, solid grip, and decorated throughout in gold koftgari with large panels filled with scrolling flowers and foliage
86.3cm; 34in blade
£1200-1500
105.    **AN INDIAN GAUNTLET SWORD (PATA), 17TH/18TH CENTURY
with broad flat European blade with traces of an inscription within a short fuller on one face, iron hilt of characteristic form extending over the lower portion of the blade with a pair of shaped plates, embossed with a raised ellipse over the hand, moulded brim, and reinforced around the base, the inside with grip bar and a further bar at the top (patinated)
91.5 cm; 36 in blade
£300-400
106.    **THREE SOUTH-EAST ASIAN DAGGERS, 19TH CENTURY
the first a Javanese Kris, with pattern-welded grooved blade, finely carved hilt decorated with traditional scrollwork, the centre portion with openwork designs, large silver ferule, in a wooden scabbard; the second a Sulawesi kris, with wavy pattern welded blade, finely carved polished hardwood grip rising to a characteristic beaked terminal, and engraved brass collar at the base; the third a bade bade, with double-edged blade, brass guard and wooden grip, in its leather scabbard (incomplete)
the first: 32.5 cm; 12 3/4 in blade
(3)
£150-250
107.    **A BALINESE SHORTSWORD (KRIS) GRIP, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY
of characteristic figurative form, encased in chased gilt metal and set with pastes (small losses)
14 cm; 5 1/2 in
£60-80
108.    **AN OTTOMAN BALKAN CARTRIDGE BOX (PALASKAS), 19TH CENTURY
the outer face cast and chased with traditional scrolls and foliage inhabited by two stylised birds, the inner face with a loop for suspension, and hinge lid decorated en suite
9 cm; 3 1/2 in high
£80-120
109.    **AN INDO-PERSIAN MACE, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with near spherical head fitted with a tall central spike on a large foliate washer, ten spikes around the circumference (three missing), matching basal washer, on its iron haft decorated with a globular moulding at the top and bottom of the grip, the head and central spike decorated with gold koftgari flowers and foliage, the top, middle and bottom of the haft decorated en suite
70 cm; 27 5/8 in overall
£500-700
110.    **AN INDIAN AXE, 19TH CENTURY
with strongly curved blade terminating in a horned beast's head, decorated on each side in soft metal with wild animals including elephants and tigers , incised socket, on its tapering hardwood haft studded with iron nails over brass foliate washers
51cm; 20 1/8 in overall
£50-100
111.    **AN INDIAN AXE, 19TH CENTURY
with crescentic axe-blade decorated in soft metal with naive designs including figures in traditional garb, fitted with central spike (rear spike missing), on its wooden haft, with brass inventory tag '103'
68.5 cm; 27 in overall
£100-150
112.    **A RARE OTTOMAN SHAFFRON, TURKEY, CIRCA 1500
formed of a main plate tapering slightly to its rounded lower end and cut away in a curve at each of its upper corners to receive an upstanding sub-triangular ear-defence (restored), the main plate formed with three embossed ridges of which the outer ones diverge from their lower end to the level of the eyes, and the central one is interrupted just below the level of the ear-defences by a low rounded applied flange filed with scallops at either end, its upper end terminating below the flange in a T-shaped crossbar decorated around its margin with a fine silver-inlaid line, and continuing above the flange as a triangle with similar marginal decoration, the edges of the main plate pieced with holes for straps and a lining and the right of the brow incised with the mark of the Imperial Ottoman Arsenal at Istanbul (the edges showing some raggedness and the surface pitted)
49.0 cm; 19 in

The tughra is an owner's inscription: sahib hasan ibn (?) 'ali (Owner Hasan ibn (?) 'Ali'). £7000-10000
113.    **AN OTTOMAN 'TURBAN' HELMET, TURKEY, CIRCA 1500
with ogival skull rising at its apex to a moulded and engraved brass finial of hexagonal section, formed in its lower half with sixteen broad spiralling flutes, fitted at the brow beneath two riveted horizontal strips with a long sturdy nasal-bar of rectangular section, inlaid in a raised panel at its upper end with transverse brass wires (probably representing working-life modifications), pierced at its lower edge beneath an applied strip of iron with a series of holes carrying a later aventail of riveted mail, open at its rear (a soldered repair at the right cheek), the skull incised at the rear of its lower edge with the mark of the Imperial Ottoman Arsenal at Istanbul, its surface engraved overall on a stippled ground with foliate interlace involving cufic characters, and the upper retaining-strip of the nasal-bar bearing an inscription (extensively patinated and with minor damage throughout)
49.4 cm; 19½ in

£10000-15000
114.    **A RARE FOREARM DEFENCE, 17TH CENTURY, EAST EUROPEAN OR OTTOMAN TURKISH
formed of a gutter-shaped main plate and two smaller plates, the main plate engraved and punched over much of its surface with a broad cartouche-shaped framework filled with flowerheads, a pattern of scrolling foliage around the border, fitted around the base and up part of one side with a brass plaque embossed with petal-shaped motifs against a punched ground, two hasps for straps (incomplete), the two smaller plates engraved with matching flowerheads and cartouche patterns, overlaid with a brass plaque top and bottom, the outer with two buckles for closure, all joined by mail strips of flattened rivetted links (minor losses), the brass overlays retaining traces of gilding, and with a brass inventory tag numbered '43'
the main plate 31.5 cm; 12 3/8in

A number of forearm defences of this form are preserved in the Muzeum Naradowe w Krakowie, Poland. See J. Gutowski 1997, nos 41-49.
£800-1200
115.    **A NEAR OR MIDDLE EASTERN MAIL SHIRT, 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with a trunk formed of alternating rows of welded and riveted rings, each of half-round-section wire, those at the upper edge of its centrally-divided neck-opening of larger size than the rest and those at the lower edge of its later extended and centrally-divided skirt of lighter gauge than the rest and entirely riveted, as are the small rings of round-section-wire forming its later-added elbow-length sleeves, and fitted at the rear edge of the skirt with a brass tag marked G over 1 (the whole showing some minor repairs, losses and holing)

The shirt appears to have enjoyed a long working life.


£250-400
116.    **AN INDO-PERSIAN HELMET (KULAH KHUD), 18TH CENTURY
with hemispherical skull formed of a low conical central plate joined to the brim by eight near triangular radiating plates, the outer face applied with eight shaped ribs rising to a central conical moulding with provision for a finial (missing), fitted with a single plume-holder on the right and a staple for a sliding nasal bar (left plume-holder and nasal bar missing), chiselled over its surface with cartouches filled with exotic beasts and scrollwork, the brim encircled by a lengthy inscription, pierced around its lower edge and fitted with a mail neck defence of rivetted links
18 cm; 7 1/8 in high

The helmet is inscribed with the call on God to bless the Fourteen Innocents (Muhammed, Fatima and the 12 Shi'i Imams). £1500-2500
117.    **AN INDO-PERSIAN HELMET (KULAH KHUD), 19TH CENTURY
with hemispherical skull, embossed at the front with a demon mask, fitted with central spike formed as a medially ridged triangular blade, a pair of horns, and nasal bar with a pierced rondel top and bottom, decorated over the greater part of the skull and the horns with a delicate pattern of silver foliage within scrollwork frames, all enriched with small gold scrollwork panels (rubbed, losses), with its mail neck defence and an early red fabric padded lining
24.5 cm; 9 5/8 in high

£800-1200
118.    **A FINE SAXON LEFT-HAND DAGGER, CIRCA 1600
with broad tapering blade of slightly hollow-diamond section, rectangular forte fluted on each side and cut with a central fuller on both faces, blued steel hilt, comprising a pair of sharply down-curved forward canted quillons with fluted spatulate terminals, side ring filled with a sprung-in plate pierced with a diamond shaped design of small apertures, faceted mushroom-shaped pommel, the grip retaining its original wire binding between 'Turk's Heads', and retaining much original finish
32.8 cm; 12 7/8 in blade

Provenance
The Saxon Electoral Armoury, Dresden
The Property of a Gentleman, sold, Christie's, 22nd July 1992, lot 40

This dagger was possibly included along with a number of similar pieces in the sale held by Rudolph Lepke, Berlin, 8th October 1919.

£3000-5000
119.    **A FINE GERMAN RAPIER OF THE SAXON ELECTORAL GUARD, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with tapering double-edged blade of hollow-diamond section, rectangular ricasso, blued steel hilt of fluted bars, comprising a pair of quillons swelling towards the terminals, écusson, three outer ring-guards joined by a pair of arms, knuckle-guard joined to the upper ring-guard by a single bar, trifurcated inner-guard, and fluted bun-shaped pommel punched and chiselled beneath, retaining much blued finish throughout, and spirally moulded grip bound with plaited wire between 'Turk's heads', and brass collection tag '1540'
102 cm; 40 1/8 in blade

Provenance
The Saxon Electoral Armouries, Dresden
Sotheby's New York, 15th January 1992, lot 93
£7000-9000
120.    **A NORTH GERMAN MILITARY SABRE, CIRCA 1580, PROBABLY BRUNSWICK
with curved fullered blade formed with a hatchet point, stamped with the letter 'S' with a cross above and below on one face, the forte punched with a series of eye lash marks, iron hilt comprising a pair of vertically recurved quillons with spirally fluted barrel-shaped terminals, knuckle-guard joined to a large scalloped frontal guard by an s-shaped bar, inner guard with thumb-loop and joined to the knuckle-guard by a bifurcated bar, large pyramidal pommel (areas of pitting throughout), and wooden grip with Turk's heads and a portion of its leather binding, and brass inventory tag numbered '86'
76.2 cm; 32 in blade

Provenance
Dr B. Giesker, Zurich
His Serene Highness the Reigning Prince of Liechtenstein, sold Christie's, London 22nd July 1992, lot 71 £1400-1800
121.    **A COMPOSITE VENETIAN BROADSWORD, THE HILT LATE 15TH CENTURY
with broad double-edged blade tapering to a sharp point, stamped with a mark within a short fuller on each face, iron hilt comprising a pair of strongly recurved quillons of flattened-triangular section, écusson, and shield-shaped pommel drawn-out to a low central dome front and back, and later grip
95cm; 37 1/2in blade

Provenance
Sotheby's New York, 26th May 1992, lot 436

See U. Franzoi 1990, p. 85-6. £3000-5000
122.    **A COMPOSITE NORTH GERMAN MILITARY SWORD (TESSAK), LATE 16TH CENTURY
with slightly curved fullered blade formed with a hatchet point, iron hilt of flattened bars decorated with punched ornament, comprising a pair of 'bow-tie' quillons with bud-shaped finials, knuckle-guard joined to the outer guard by a diagonal bar, inner-guard with thumb-loop, and pyramidal pommel, and leather-covered wooden grip (wormed)
77.5 cm; 30 1/2 in blade £1400-1800
123.    **AN ITALIAN TWO HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD WITH 16TH CENTURY BLADE
with tapering blade formed in three stages, the upper portion of flattened-hexagonal section and the lower stamped with a brass-lined maker's mark over a pair of short fullers on each face, later iron hilt comprising a pair of faceted quillons decorated with pairs of incised lines and each swelling towards a bud-shaped finial, plummet-shaped pommel, and leather-covered grip with a shaped iron collar top and bottom
129.8 cm; 51 1/8 in blade

For two-hand swords of related type preserved in the armoury of the Palazzo Ducale Venice see U. Franzoi 1990, pp. 30-31.
£2500-3500
124.    **A HAND-AND-A-HALF SWORD IN GERMAN OR SWISS EARLY 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with broad double-edged blade of flattened-diamond section (the tip with a small chip), iron hilt of robust faceted bars, comprising a pair of horizontally recurved quillons with four-part writhen terminals, outer ring-guard formed as a trefoil, knuckle-guard interrupted by a spiralling baluster moulding, joined to the frontal guard by an s-shaped bar formed en suite, inner ring-guard, and writhen pommel, and leather-covered wooden grip
95.1 cm; 37 1/2 in blade £1000-1500
125.    **A TWO HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD IN GERMAN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with very broad blade, waisted ricasso formed with a pair of crescentic lugs and covered with tooled leather iron hilt including a pair of slightly curved quillons with curled terminals, inner and outer ring-guard each filled with a fleur-de-lys, fluted chiselled plummet-shaped pommel, and leather-covered grip studded with domed nails
124.5 cm; 49 in blade £800-1200
126.    **A GERMAN MILITARY SWORD, POSSIBLY LATE 16TH CENTURY
with broad blade stamped 'Maria' and 'IHS' within a decorative framework in a short fuller on the respective faces, fullered ricasso stamped with a pair of marks on each face, iron hilt of faceted bars, comprising a pair of vertically recurved quillons with faceted bud-shaped terminals, large outer ring-guard with a vertical central moulding, matching lower ring-guard, inner-guard formed of a saltire arrangement of bars and incorporating a thumb loop, faceted plummet-shaped pommel, and two-stage leather-covered grip (restorations)
96.5 cm; 38 in blade
£2000-3000
127.    **A HIGHLAND BASKET-HILTED BACK-SWORD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with tapering blade double-edged for its last third, cut with a long central fuller and a shorter fuller along the back-edge on each face, the forte retaining traces of engraved decoration, steel hilt of rounded bars, formed of a series of large ovals each enclosing pairs of crosses arranged vertically with further diamond-shaped and small scrolling bars above and below (one bar cracked), fitted with an additional screw-on frontal guard, bun-shaped pommel, fishskin-covered grip (binding missing), and early doeskin liner
85.5 cm; 33 3/4 in blade £2000-3000
128.    **A FINE ENGLISH MORTUARY SWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with broad double-edged blade stamped 'Farara' within a short fuller on each face and with traces of a large running wolf mark, symmetrical iron hilt comprising a pair of langets chiselled with foliage, basket-guard pierced and chiselled at the base with scrolling tendrils terminating in monsterheads and mulberry fruit, decorated on each side and at the base of the knuckle-guard with a wreath filled with a portrait profile, the front and rear guards each interrupted by a further portrait rondel and each joined to the knuckle-guard by a pair of scrolling bars, chiselled ovoid pommel decorated en suite and retaining an early fishskin-covered grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turk's heads
74.1 cm; 29 1/4 in blade £1600-2200
129.    **AN ENGLISH CAVALRY OFFICER'S BASKET-HILTED BACKSWORD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with broad blade double-edged for its last quarter (the tip with a very small chip), cut with a broad shallow fuller along most of its length and a shorter narrow fuller along the back on each face, engraved with 'GR' crowned, 'Irwin' and '7/4', basket-hilt of rounded bars carrying an alternating arrangement of broad and narrow panels, each cut with fluting and pierced with stylised hearts and circles, an oval aperture on one side, large bun-shaped pommel, and spirally carved wooden grip (wormed) bound with twisted wire and retaining a portion of its fishskin covering
86.5 cm; 34 1/8 in blade

£1500-1800
130.    **A SWEPT-HILT RAPIER IN EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section cut with a short slender fuller on each face, and stamped with three marks including a reclining lion on the ricasso, iron hilt of flattened rounded bars, including a pair of straight quillons, knuckle-guard, lower ring guards, trifurcated inner-guard, ovoid pommel, spirally-bound grip and in aged condition throughout
109.5cm; 43 1/8in blade
£1000-1500
131.    **A COMPOSITE SWEPT-HILT RAPIER, 17TH CENTURY AND LATER
with tapering double-edged blade formed in two-stages, stamped 'Me fecit Soligen' and 'Solideo Gloria' within a short fuller on the respective faces, leather-covered ricasso, steel hilt chiselled in imitation of numerous twigs, including a pair of vertically recurved quillons with openwork terminals, ring-guard en suite, and écusson chiselled with scrolls and foliage, and wire-bound grip
88.1 cm; 34 3/4 in blade
£600-900
132.    **A SPANISH CUP-HILT RAPIER, 18TH CENTURY AND LATER
with tapering fullered blade, iron hilt including pierced cup-guard with scalloped brim (cracked), engraved with linear designs and flowerheads on the outside, a pair of straight quillons with faceted bud-shaped terminals, knuckle-guard, and ovoid pommel, and spirally craved grip
107cm; 42 1/8in blade
£400-600
133.    **AN ENGLISH BASKET-HILTED SWORD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with curved fullered hangar blade double-edged towards the point, asymmetrical steel hilt formed of a grid pattern of rounded bars, drawn-in at the base into three heart-shaped panels, and at the top into two diamond-shaped panels (small cracks, pitted throughout), bun-shaped pommel and later wooden grip
73 cm; 28 3/4 in blade

Another hilt of this type, formerly preserved in the Warwick Castle Collections, was sold in these rooms, 26th June 2007, lot 252.
£800-1200
134.    **A VENETIAN SCHIAVONA, LATE 18TH CENTURY
with broad broad blade (slightly shortened, small chips), stamped with a mark in the centre of three short fullers on each face, iron basket-guard formed of engraved shaped bars (loose), short quillon with moulded terminal, brass shield-shaped pommel pierced on one side, and the grip with an early fishskin covering over cord (losses)
71.5 cm; 28 1/4 in blade £700-1000
135.    **A HIGHLAND BASKET-HILTED BACK-SWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY
with tapering blade double-edged for its last quarter, cut with a long slender fuller on each face, steel hilt of traditional form incorporating an alternating arrangement of broad and narrow panels carried by flattened bars, decorated with pierced circles and triangles, a pair of loops at the front, scrolling quillon and conical pommel, and later grip bound with twisted wire and 'Turk's heads' (covering missing, pitted throughout)
77.5 cm; 30 1/2 in blade
£700-900
136.    **AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED HUNTING SWORD, LONDON 1780, MAKER'S MARK OF JOHN FAYLE
with curved blade double-edged towards the point, formed with two long fullers of unequal length on each face (areas of pitting), silver hilt comprising slotted guard with wavy borders, knuckle-guard formed en suite, lionhead pommel, and spirally carved grip bound with silver ribband and plaited wire, in its wooden scabbard covered with tooled leather (losses) and with four silver mounts including middle band and locket each with a small ring for suspension
65 cm; 25 5/8 in blade

John Fayle was a hilt maker and sword cutler circa 1770-82. See L. Southwick 2001, p. 106. £1000-1200
137.    **A FRENCH SILVER-HILTED PARADE SWORD OF PRESENTATION QUALITY, PARIS, CIRCA 1840
with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, etched with a panel of scrolling foliage on each side of the forte, silver-gilt hilt cast and chased in relief, comprising down-turned shell-guard decorated with a central lion mask and a border of bold scrolls interrupted by vine fruit and foliage, struck with Paris mark for 1838, knuckle-guard joined to the shell by a pair of arms, interrupted by a central green man mask, rising to a recurved terminal formed as a horse's head in the round and enriched with further bouquets of fruit, quillon with scrolling terminal struck with the maker's mark, in a Lozenge the letters PH(?), the pommel cast and chased in the round with a classical trophy-of-arms involving a large vacant shield supported by the figures of Hercules, Justice (the grip of her sword missing) and a female deity, swelling fluted grip decorated with scrollwork and a spiralling arrangement of olive fruit and foliage, and retaining much gilt finish, in an associated wooden scabbard with purple velvet covering and gilt locket and chape decorated with bold scrolls of foliage and flowerheads
83 cm; 32 3/4 in blade

A sword of similar form and decoration, further enriched with diamonds and rubies, was ordered by Christian VII, King of Denmark from J. F. Rudolphi, A Danish silversmith working in Paris, and presented to crown Prince Frederick VII in the 1840s. See A. Hoff, H. D. Schepelern and G. Boesen 1956, plate 40. £3000-5000
138.    **A PLUG BAYONET, MID-18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY FRENCH
with fullered blade double-edged towards the point, etched with sprays of foliage and a trophy-of-arms on each face (areas of pitting), rectangular ricasso, brass hilt including quillons with moulded globular terminals, turned blackened hardwood grip, and pommel en suite with the quillons
26.2 cm; 10 3/8 in blade
£300-400
139.    **AN UNUSUAL DAGGER, 18TH CENTURY
with robust blade of late medieval type, formed in two sections, the lower portion decorated with a chevron pattern along the back-edge, forte of rhomboid section incised with three lines on each side, formed with a globular moulding beneath incorporating a button for suspension, faceted horn grip (cracked), and engraved brass cap pommel
22.5 cm; 8 7/8 in blade
£200-300
140.    **A DAGGER, 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with flat double-edged blade, the forte of flattened tulip form, iron hilt comprising cross-piece, hollow tapering grip, and cap pommel
20.3 cm; 8 in blade
£100-150
141.    **AN ITALIAN STILETTO, SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with slender blade of diamond section, forte of square section, iron hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons swelling towards the terminals, small outer ring-guard, spirally fluted pommel, and spirally carved (perhaps later, pommel button missing, the steel parts chemically cleaned)
18.5 cm; 7 1/8 in blade
£300-400
142.    **A LEFT-HAND DAGGER, EARLY 17TH CENTURY
with long tapering blade of hollow-diamond section, the rear portion of the forte flattened for the thumb, iron hilt comprising a pair of drooping quillons with flattened globular terminals, small side-ring swelling in the centre, faceted ovoid pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turk's Heads'
41.5 cm; 16 3/8 in blade
£1000-1200
143.    **A SCOTTISH DIRK, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with cut-down backsword blade double-edged over its upper portion, cut with a slender fuller framed by a pair of incised lines on each face, carved bog wood grip formed with a pair of squared shoulders, decorated with interlaced Celtic strapwork and small nodules in imitation of nails, iron ferrule, and iron cap pommel (pitted), in a contemporary leather scabbard, perhaps the original, with two iron mounts and a later loop (the locket, chape and tip of the scabbard missing)
32 cm; 12 5/8 in blade

£1200-1800
144.    **AN AXE, PROBABLY FRANKISH, 6TH CENTURY
with curved head of wedge-shaped section formed with a flattened rear face and integral socket (pitted), on a later wooden haft reinforced with an iron strip front and back
18 cm; 7 1/8 in

Two axe heads of similar form attributed to the 5th/6th Century are preserved in the Museum für Deutsche Geschichte, Berlin. See H. Müller and H. Kölling 1990, p. 367, no. 60, 61
£200-300
145.    **AN AXE, 14TH CENTURY
in excavated condition, with rectangular blade formed with a slightly curved leading edge and recessed on one side, tapering neck, and open H-shaped socket, on a later curved wooden haft
18 cm; 7 1/8 in head
£200-300
146.    **AN AXE, 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with iron head of wedge-shaped section, stamped with a mark on each side, a pair of pellets vertically divided by the letter 'M' and '8' beneath a dotted crescent respectively, loop-shaped socket, on an early wooden haft
83.5 cm; 33 in overall
£250-350
147.    **A SO-CALLED HEADSMAN'S AXE, 19TH CENTURY
with flaring blade of flattened wedge-shaped section, one side with low bevelled edges and stamped 'Marseigne', tapering faceted neck (pitted throughout), on a later wooden haft
18 cm; 7 1/8 in head
£200-300
148.    **A PEASANT FLAIL, 18TH/19TH CENTURY
with tall bulbous wooden head fitted with eleven robust iron spikes (cracks, one spike missing), and a robust central spike, the top and bottom each with an iron collar, on a wooden haft
40 cm; 15 3/4 in head
£200-300
149.    **A GERMAN MACE FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL, MID-16TH CENTURY
with bulbous head formed of seven shaped flanges, each fitted with a reinforced tip of cruciform section, moulded central finial, steel haft formed in three tapering sections, the upper two octagonal, divided by writhen collars and one pierced for a thong, and the bottom section spirally moulded and fitted with fluted basal cap
63 cm; 24 3/4 in overall
£2000-3000
150.    **A GERMAN FIGHTING AXE, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with curved axe blade formed with a scalloped back-edge and pierced with six holes arranged in two equal groups, tall pyramidal robust rear spike, domed central finial, original haft encased in iron plaques and pierced for a thong, complete with original iron belt hook retained by a rivet with foliate head (lightly pitted throughout)
56.8 cm; 22 3/8 in overall
£1500-2500
151.    **AN EAST EUROPEAN MACE, 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY HUNGARIAN
with bulbous head formed of six rounded flanges, low domed central finial, plain socket, on an early leather-covered wooden haft (leather with small losses, opening along the seam), studded around the base with domed nails (two missing)
49.5 cm; 19 1/2 in overall
£1200-1800
152.    **A MILITARY FLAIL, PROBABLY GERMAN LATE 16TH CENTURY
with faceted rhomboid head stamped with a mark on each face, formed with a loop at the base attached to a chain of five links, on a later wooden haft with pointed iron shoe
37 cm; 14 1/2 in head with chain
£800-1200
153.    **A MACE IN GERMAN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with bulbous head formed of eight shaped flanges joined in the centre by a horizontal disc-shaped collar, tapering haft formed in two sections interrupted by a raised central moulding (pitted), and turned wooden grip
58.5 cm; 23 in overall

£400-600
154.    **A MACE IN LATE GOTHIC STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
formed entirely of steel, with bulbous head formed of seven wedge-shaped flanges, each formed with a sharp point and a small basal lug, faceted button-shaped central finial formed with a writhen collar at the base, steel haft formed with a series of raised collars, faceted grip, and moulded basal cap
51.5 cm; 20 1/4 in overall
£800-1200
155.    **A DECORATED AXE, 18TH CENTURY, EAST EUROPEAN OR OTTOMAN
with heavy crescentic head decorated n each face with diamond shaped panels each filled with a flowerhead, wedge-shaped rear pean, tubular socket chiselled with flowers and foliage (worn, areas pitting), and later wooden haft
26.5 cm; 10 1/2 in overall
£400-600
156.    **A NORTH ITALIAN PARADE HALBERD, EARLY 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY VENETIAN
with curved slender axe-blade pierced with numerous shaped panels and engraved with scrolls, formed with a shaped lug top and bottom and fitted with a chased bronze grotesque boss on each side, pierced and engraved rear fluke decorated en suite and fitted with a further pair of bronze bosses, the centre fitted with a transverse bolt terminating in a pyramidal spike on each side, central blade of flattened-diamond section, pierced with three central slots and engraved with scrolls rising from a mask, fitted at the base with a characteristic openwork collar comprising six bars each interrupted by a cherubic mask, engraved socket, on an early wooden haft covered with red fabric, studded with brass nails and retaining three tassels and its iron shoe (haft worn and repaired, shoe incomplete)
55.2 cm; 21 3/4 in head

A halberd of similar form is preserved in the Poldi Pezzoli Museum, Milan, cat. Nos. 526 and 527. Two others were sold in these rooms, 28th June 2006, lot 347 and 7th December 2006, lot 214 respectively.

£1000-1500
157.    **AN ITALIAN SPEAR, EARLY 16TH CENTURY
with sharply tapering blade of flattened-diamond section (areas of pitting), struck on each face with two marks, a sword and a further mark (indistinct), tapering socket (braized repairs), on a later long wooden haft with red fabric covering and large dome-headed nails
62.2 cm; 24 1/2 in head

A similar spear is preserved in the National Artillery Museum, Turin, inv. no. J. 113/5204.
£700-1000
158.    **AN ETCHED GLAIVE FROM THE GUARD OF FERDINAND II, ARCHDUKE OF AUSTRIA IN TYROL (1529-95, REIGNED 1564-1595)
with knife-like blade double-edged for the uppermost third, etched on each side with the crowned Imperial arms enclosed by the Order of the Golden Fleece and surmounted by the letter F for Ferdinand, the borders decorated with linear patterns and the forward bottom corner with a spray of foliage on each side (the etching extensively worn and no longer visible in places), tapering socket with bevelled edges, a pair of long straps, on a portion of an early haft fitted with an additional pair of straps (the lower portion replaced)
72.4 cm; 28 1/2 in

Ferdinand II was appointed regent of Bohemia by his father, Ferdinand I. Following his father's death in 1564 he ruled over the Tyrolean and Swabian territories, where he drove forward the Counter-Reformation. A highly educated and cultivated man, he extended Schloss Ambras near Innsbruck which housed his famous collection of portraits, works of Art, curiosities and the first historically organised collection of armour.

Further glaives from this group are preserved in the Hofjagd-und Rüstkammer Vienna and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (gift of William H. Riggs acc. Nos. 04.3.97 and 14.25.268).
£1200-1800
159.    **A SWISS HALBERD OF SO-CALLED SEMPACH TYPE, ZURICH, SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with slightly curved near rectangular blade pierced with a cross at the base, triangular central spike formed with a reinforced tip, triangular rear fluke stamped with a mark on one side (indistinct), and a pair of long straps, on a later wooden haft
34.5 cm; 13 1/2 in head

The mark is perhaps that of Meister Lampert Koller of Würenlos who supplied two hundred halberds to the Zurich Kanton arsenal in 1663. See J. A. Meier 1982, pp. 223-250, nos. 16 and 18.

£1200-1800
160.    **A GERMAN HALBERD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with forward-leaning axe-blade pierced with a quatrefoil, scalloped back-edge, two-stage central spike, the upper section of stiff-diamond section, rear fluke pierced with a slipped figure-of-eight shape, and a pair of long straps, on a later wooden haft
58.5 cm; 23 in head

Provenance
The Lord Astor of Hever, sold Sotheby's London 5th May 1983, lot 145 to Stern. £800-1200
161.    **A POLEAXE, MID-17TH CENTURY, PROBABALY SWISS
with slightly curved axe blade rising to a sharp central point, stamped twice on each side with a mark, a cross with the letter 'O' above in a shaped recess, stout rear spike, and a pair of separate long straps, on a wooden haft
28 cm; 11 in head

A related axe is preserved in the National Artillery Museum, Turin, inv. no. J. 4/5107, and another in the Schweizerisches Landesmuseum, Zurich. For the latter see Dr. E. A. Gessler 1928, table 12.

£800-1000
162.    **A RARE BAVARIAN SABRE HALBERD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with curved axe-blade, very long slightly curved central blade formed with a hatchet point and a long fuller on each face, tapering socket with bevelled edges, on an associated wooden haft with four long straps
107.4 cm; 42 1/4 in head

A large number of halberds of this form, formerly in the Bavarian arsenal, are now preserved in the Bavarian Army Museum, Ingoldstadt. Another example was sold in these rooms 10th December 2008, lot 185. See H. Seitz 1968, p. 216, ill. 221.

£1000-1500
163.    **A GERMAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with forward-leaning crescentic axe-blade pierced with nine holes arranged in three equal groups, long central spike of diamond-section, rear fluke pierced with three holes, and a pair of straps (one loose), on a later wooden haft
71 cm; 28 in head
£500-700
164.    **A STYRIAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with forward-leaning axe-blade pierced with three holes top and bottom, a central group of five holes and incised with crescents, long central spike of diamond-section, rear fluke stamped with three pellets arranged vertically on each side and with a mark, and a pair of straps (one repaired), on a later wooden haft
72 cm; 28 3/8 in head
£300-400
165.    **A STYRIAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with small forward-leaning axe-blade pierced with a series of slots and circles, matching rear fluke stamped with a Maltese cross mark on one side, slender central spike, a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft (shortened)
40 cm; 15 3/4 in head

£200-300
166.    **A GERMAN OFFICER'S SPONTOON, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY PRUSSIAN
of regulation type, with leaf-shaped blade etched and gilt with the Royal cypher on each face (worn, pitted), waisted base pierced with a series of shaped apertures, moulded cross-guard, faceted socket with two collars, a pair of straps, on an early wooden haft
39.8 cm; 15 3/4 in head
£250-350
167.    **A HALBERD IN SOUTH GERMAN OR SWISS LATE 15TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with curved axe-blade formed with a scalloped back-edge, the top rising to a double-edged central spike, pierced with six holes arranged in two equal groups divided by a slipped trefoil, stout right angular rear spike, and a pair of straps (one shortened and lifting), on a wooden haft
42 cm; 16 1/2 in head
£600-800
168.    **A GUNNERS LINSTOCK, LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY
with robust central spike, fitted on each side with a curved arm terminating in a shaped head, each fitted with a thumbscrew for securing match, tapering socket, a pair of short straps, on a later wooden haft
56 cm; 22 in head
£400-600
169.    **AN AMERICAN HALBERD OF NEW ENGLAND TYPE, MID-18TH CENTURY
with curved axe-blade pierced with a pair of rounded diamond-shaped apertures and pairs of slipped circles, matching rear-fluke, central leaf-shaped blade formed with an acute point, tapering cylindrical socket and a pair of straps, on a later wooden haft
46.5 cm; 18 1/4 in head

Two related halberds are preserved in the Kretzchmar von Kienbusch Collection, The Philadelphia Museum of Art, cat. nos. 615, 618
£500-800
170.    **A MILITARY SPEAR, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY AMERICAN
with slender leaf-shaped blade formed with a pair of curling basal lugs, tapering socket, on a wooden haft with iron shoe, perhaps the original
32.5 cm; 12 3/4 in head
£200-300
171.    **A MILITARY HALBERD, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY AMERICAN
of rudimentary type, with small axe-blade, leaf-shaped central blade, slender rear fluke, and tapering socket, on a later wooden haft
30.5 cm; 12 in head
£200-300
172.    **A CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR, PARTLY SOUTH GERMAN, CIRCA 1530, AND PARTLY 19TH CENTURY
comprising close helmet with rounded skull rising to low boldly roped medial comb, fitted at the nape with a plume-holder and at the front with a bellows visor and bevor attached to it by common pivots, the lower edges of the skull and bevor formed with internally hollowed rims to lock over the upper edge of the collar, the latter formed of four lames front and rear, rounded breastplate with a detachable folding lance-rest, moveable gussets at the arm-openings and a flanged waist-lame supporting a fauld of three lames, the lowest cut with a shallow arch over the crotch and having suspended to either side of it from a pair of metal hinges a tasset of four lames, straight-topped backplate fitted with a flanged waist-plate supporting a culet of one lame, pauldrons each of six lames, the second and largest of which is fitted at its upper end with a haute-piece, and the last of which is connected by a turner to a tubular upper cannon with winged bracelet couter of three lames, left gauntlet formed of a slightly flared and rounded tubular cuff formed with a small boss over the lower end of the ulna and fitted at its lower end with five metacarpal-plates of which the fourth projects over the base of the thumb, a knuckle-plate with a boldly-roped transverse rib, and a shaped finger-plate, right gauntlet with flared and slightly rounded tubular cuff fitted within its lower edge with two wrist-plates, four metacarpal-plates and a knuckle-plate with a file-roped transverse rib, long gutter-shaped cuisses each fitted at its upper end with an extension-plate and at its lower end with a winged poleyn of four lames, and a pair of tubular greaves terminating in integral broad-toed sabatons each of eight lames, the main edges of the armour, with the exception of those of the right gauntlet, boldly roped, and its surfaces finely etched with bands and borders of running symmetrical and asymmetrical foliage on a stippled and blackened ground, enclosed throughout by an engrailed border terminating at the apex of each cusp with a dot, the decoration of the central band of the breastplate involving a classical warrior flanked by a pair dolphins and surmounting a trophy of arms, and the interspaces to the right and left of the band respectively occupied by a representation of a kneeling knight in armour beneath scrolls bearing the inscription 'gott sei / genedig uns / súndern' (God be merciful to us sinners), and Christ on the cross with a skull and crossed bones by a detachable folding lance-rest lying at his feet, the secondary edges decorated with band of guilloche, again within an engrailed border, and the right gauntlet decorated at both its main and subsidiary edges with cabling accompanied by narrow bands of dots

The main plate of the breastplate, the whole of the backplate, the left gauntlet, the main plates of both cuisses and the sabatons are probably of 16th century German make, the left gauntlet of early 17th century Italian make and the remainder of 19th century make. The etched decoration of the borders of the main plate of the breastplate, of the distal half of the left gauntlet and the whole of the decoration of the right gauntlet appear to be original)

£10000-15000
173.    **A SOUTH GERMAN CLOSE HELMET FOR HEAVY FIELD USE, CIRCA 1540
with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low roped medial comb, and 'sparrow's beak' visor and bevor attached to it by common pivots (replaced), the associated visor pierced beneath its stepped, centrally-divided vision-slit with eight circular ventilation-holes and beneath its 'beak' with sixteen similar holes of which those at the right have been opened out to a trefoil form, the right further fitted with a lifting-peg (restored) and a swivel-hook (restored) to engage a stud projecting from the right of the bevor, the bevor secured to the skull at the right of the neck by a spring-catch, the flanged lower edges of both elements pierced with later holes, and the whole decorated at points with pairs of incised lines (very lightly patinated overall)
26.5 cm; 10½ in
£5000-8000
174.    **A NORTH ITALIAN CLOSE HELMET FOR HEAVY FIELD USE, PROBABLY MILANESE, CIRCA 1580
of notable weight, with rounded one-piece skull rising to a moderately high file-roped medial comb, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by common pivots (replaced), the visor stepped in front of its centrally divided vision slit and fitted at its right with a lifting-peg (restored), the near vertical-fronted upper bevor pierced at its right with nine small circular ventilation-holes enclosed within an engraved radial design, and secured to the lower bevor at the right of the chin by a swivel-hook and radially-fluted mushroom-shaped stud (both restored), the lower bevor and skull fastened to one another at the neck by a restored strap and buckle, and two short gorget-plates front and rear (the lower rear one associated), the whole decorated at its main edges with a file-rope inward turn and elsewhere with pairs of incised lines
31.0 cm; 12¼ in

£4000-6000
175.    **A SOUTH GERMAN CLOSE HELMET FOR HEAVY FIELD USE, CIRCA 1550-60
with one-piece skull rising to a high medial comb decorated along its crest with notching and pierced at the nape with a pair of rivet-holes for the attachment of a missing plume-holder, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by common pivots with radially fluted heads (replaced), the forward-sloping visor with a roped step in front of its broad single vision-slit and pierced beneath it with six diagonal ventilation-slots, the prow-shaped upper bevor pierced at its right with six small circular ventilation-holes and at each side with a later and larger hole of trefoil form, the lower bevor projecting forward beyond the chin, and the visor, upper bevor and lower bevor each secured at the right by spring-catches (that for the visor missing its combined pull-release and lifting-peg, and that for the upper bevor with a replace catch), and two gorget-plates front and rear, all the main edges of the helmet with notched inward-turned edges, accompanied in part by recessed borders (the crest of the comb and the lower edge of the front gorget plate with small perforations, the right of the neck of the lower bevor with a small riveted internal patch and the whole with an oxidised finish)
33.0 cm; 13 in
£4000-6000
176.    **A SOUTH GERMAN CUIRASSIER'S CLOSE HELMET, CIRCA 1630
with egg-shaped skull formed in two pieces joined medially by rivets, fitted at the nape with a slender plume-holder and embossed with a pattern of V-shaped flutes radiating from a transversely-pierced finial riveted through a star-shaped washer at its apex, peak, face-defence and bevor attached to the skull by common pivots with low domed heads, the face-defence cut at each sides of its upper edge with a deep rectangular notch forming the lower part of a vision-slit, and pieced at each side of the face and over the mouth with ventilation slots and holes arranged in patterns, and a single deep obtusely-pointed gorget-plate front and rear embossed in each case to simulate two lames, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, and the whole with a black finish (now lightly pitted overall)

29.0 cm; 12½ in


£2500-3500
177.    **A NORTH EUROPEAN CUIRASSIER'S CLOSE HELMET, CIRCA 1630
with rounded skull formed in two pieces joined along the crest of a low medial comb and fitted at the nape with a tapering plume-holder, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by common pivots, the visor with markedly-stepped, centrally divided vision slit decorated above each eye with a recessed semi-circle, the prow-shaped upper bevor pierced at each side with thirteen small circular ventilation-holes in a lozenge-formation, the lower bevor secured to the skull and the upper bevor respectively, at the right side, by a swivel-hook and pieced stud (the hook of the skull missing and that of the lower bevor restored), and a single gorget-plate front and rear, the front one embossed to simulate two lames of which the lowest rises to a cusp at the centre of its upper edge, and the rear one, modified from a collar and possessing a recessed main border, is associated, and the whole decorated at points with single incised lines (showing some pitting and wear overall)
38.0 cm; 15 in
£2500-3500
178.    **A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1580
with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high, file-roped medial comb, projecting forward to an obtusely-pointed peak, fitted at its flanged lower edge with two neck-lames, at the nape with a later plume-holder and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece, the right one overlapping and secured to the left one at the chin by a swivel-hook and pierced stud, each cut away at the front to clear the nose and mouth, later decorated at the top rear with an embossed and roped volute that overlaps and serves as a continuation of the outer ends of the peak, is pierced with seven small circular auditory-holes and fitted at its flanged lower edge with two gorget-plates en suite with those of the skull, the lowest ones joined medially by a mushroom-shaped stud and keyhole slot, and the main edges of the helmet formed with neatly file-roped inward turns
33.5 cm; 13¼ in


£3500-4500
179.    **A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high, file-roped medial comb, projecting forward to an obtusely-pointed peak pierced at the centre of the brow to receive a later sliding nasal-bar with leaf-shaped terminals, the lower one detachable, and retained by a later staple and locking-screw, fitted at its flanged lower edge with a neck-guard of two lames (the first restored, the second Flemish, about 1620-30), at the nape with a moulded and incised plume-holder, and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (restored) shaped to fit over the outer end of the peak, flanged outwards at is lower end to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard, and pierced at its centre with ten small auditory-holes in rosette formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns and its subsidiary edges formed with scallops enclosed to the inside by pairs of incised lines and punched in each case with a dot within a circle (with light mottled pitting overall)
34.0 cm; 13¼ in

£2500-3500
180.    **A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1580-90
with rounded one-piece skull rising gently to a high file-roped medial comb and projecting forward to a narrow acutely-pointed peak, fitted at its lower edge with a matching neck-guard of one lame, and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece, flanged outwards at it lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five small auditory holes in dice formation, the whole formed at its main edges with finely file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, and fitted throughout with brass-capped constructional rivets and lining-rivets of iron retaining beneath their heads in the case of those encircling the neck and the brow, large rosette washers of brass (the right cheek-piece associated and its hinge broken; the left cheek-piece later and its hinge repaired)
23.0 cm; 9 in

£1800-2400
181.    **A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1560
with pointed one-piece skull boxed in four panels, rising to a prominent baluster-shaped finial, the upper half of which is faceted and the lower writhen, projecting forward to a flat acutely-pointed upturned peak and backwards to a similar but shorter and more obtusely-pointed downturned neck-guard pierced at its centre rear with a pair of suspension-holes, and fitted at each side with a later hinged cheek-piece flanged at its forward and lower edges to serve respectively as continuations of the peak and neck-guard, and pierced at its centre, within a raised circle, with four small auditory-holes separated by a four-pointed star, the skull retaining an old quilted lining, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, and its surfaces retaining a blued overall finish (now lightly pitted, the skull with a plugged hole at the upper end of one of its facets and a patch at the front of the cut-out for the right cheek-piece)
23.0 cm; 9 in


£1500-2000
182.    **A NORTH ITALIAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1630
with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low medial ridge, projecting forward to a rounded slightly downturned peak, backwards to a matching neck-guard, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (restored), the hinge fitted externally to the skull and internally to the cheek-piece, the latter pierced at its centre with five small auditory-holes in dice-formation and furnished at its lower edge with a separate flange forming a continuation of the neck-guard, the helmet decorated at its unturned main edges with single incised lines and to either side of the medial ridge of its skull with a pair of such lines, and its surfaces retaining a blued overall finish (now lightly pitted)
23.0 cm; 9 in

The weight of the helmet suggests that it was intended for siege or sapper's use. Another of almost identical form can be recorded in the armoury of the Knights of St John at Valletta, Malta (Spiteri 2003, p. 311, N37).


£1200-1800
183.    **A BURGONET IN THE MID-16TH CENTURY SOUTH GERMAN STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
with rounded one-piece skull rising to three low sub-parallel combs decorated along their crests with notching, projecting forward to a flat obtusely-pointed peak struck with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg, projecting backwards to a rounded neck-guard, pierced overall with pairs of holes for the attachment of a fabric covering and at each side of the neck with a keyhole-slot for the attachment of a buffe, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece shaped to the outer end of the peak, flanged outwards at it's lower end to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard, and pierced with seven small circular auditory-holes in rosette-formation, and the main edges of the whole formed with file-roped inward turns (lightly patinated overall)
26.0 cm; 10¼ in

Provenance
Christie's, King Street, 22nd July 1992, Lot 110

£1200-1800
184.    **A FINE GERMAN OR EASTERN EUROPEAN ZISCHÄGGE, CIRCA 1630
with one-piece hemispherical skull fitted at its apex with a transversely-pierced finial riveted through a decorative rosette washer at its front with a broad flat peak projecting forward to a truncated point and pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to receive a sliding nasal-bar retained at the brow by a staple and locking-screw, at its rear with a flaring neck-guard of five lames, the last matching the peak in outline and decorated at its centre with thirteen round-headed rivets in rosette formation, and at each side with a scutiform cheek-piece (the right detached) pierced at its centre within a raised circle with seven small auditory holes in rosette formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns accompanied on the peak by a narrow recessed border and on the neck-guard by a pair of incised lines repeated at its subsidiary edges which, like the upper edge of the peak, are formed with cusps, the surface retaining a blackened finish throughout, and the skull and neck-guard retaining much of their original lining, stuffed with tow and quilted in the case of the former (the nasal-bar, its fittings and the cheek-pieces restored)
29.0 cm; 11½ in

£1500-2500
185.    **A DUTCH HARQUEBUSIER'S POT, CIRCA 1630
with a hemispherical skull formed in two pieces joined medially by rivets, fitted at its front with a flat obtusely-pointed pivoted peak (its point pierced with a later suspension-hole) carrying on its underside a later triple-barred face-guard overlain with a pair of sinuous cross-bars, at its rear an obtusely-pointed neck-guard of four lames, at its nape with a gilt plume-holder formed at its upper edge with fleurs-de-lis, and at each side with hinged forward-curving cheek-pieces (restored), the helmet formed with plain inward turns at its main edges, decorated with a pair of incised lines to either side of the mid-line of its skull and with single incised lines elsewhere, and its surface retaining a blackened finish overall
32.0 cm; 12½ in


£1000-1500
186.    **A NORTH ITALIAN COMB-MORION, CIRCA 1580
formed in one piece with a rounded crown rising to a high roped medial comb decorated to either side of its crest and base with incised lines, and an integral brim turned down at each side and rising to an acute point front and rear, its edge (cracked in two places at the right) formed with a file-roped inward turn bordered by a narrow groove, the base of the crown pieced at the nape with a pair of holes for the attachment of a plume holder (missing) and encircled by sixteen (originally eighteen) lining-rivets with brass rosette washers, and its surface retaining a blued finish (pitted overall)
29.0 cm; 11½ in

The morion was one of a series offered for sale by W. H. Fenton & Sons of 11 New Oxford Street, London, between the two World Wars. An undated circular of theirs (photographic copy held in the Royal Armouries Library, Leeds) illustrates a morion almost identical to that offered here. According to a later verbal report of Fenton's armourer, Theodore Egli, they had been obtained by the former in Ireland. Other examples of the series are now to be found in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, Inv. No. IV.449 (Dufty & Reid 1968, pl. CII,c), the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, Acc. Nos Hen. M. 32, 33 & 34-1933 (Eaves 2202, pp. 153-5, ill), and the Glasgow Museum and Art Gallery.

£1500-2500
187.    **A NORTH ITALIAN MORION IN THE 'SPANISH' FASHION, CIRCA 1580-90
formed in one piece with an almond-shaped crown rising to a short 'stalk' at its apex, and a slightly downturned integral brim projecting to an obtuse point front and rear, its edge decorated with a file-roped inward turn accompanied by a narrow recessed border, the base of the crown encircled by fourteen brass-capped lining rivets with brass rosette-washers, and the front of the crown later etched in line with a scroll-edged cartouche enclosing a rearing bull and surmounted by a lion's mask (the left of the crown pierced with two later wiring-holes)
32.0 cm; 12½ in

£700-1000
188.    **A MORION IN THE NORTH ITALIAN STYLE OF CIRCA 1590, 20TH CENTURY,
formed in one piece with an almond-shaped crown rising to a short 'stalk' at its apex, and a slightly downturned narrow brim with a file-roped inward turn accompanied by a narrow recessed border, the base of the crown encircled by fourteen large round-headed lining rivets (lightly patinated overall)
19.7 cm; 7¾ in

£250-450
189.    **A SOUTH GERMAN COMB-MORION, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1580
formed in one piece with a rounded crown rising to a high roped medial comb and an integral brim turned down at each side and rising slightly to an acute point front and rear, the front point struck with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg, its edge formed with a file-roped inward turn (cracked at two points and showing some splitting) accompanied at the rear and each side by a later wiring-hole, and the base of the crown encircled by sixteen lining-rivets with brass rosette washers (three of the latter now missing; the surface of the morion marked)
26.5 cm; 10½ in


£1000-1500
190.    **THE SKULL OF A NORTH ITALIAN BURGONET WITH ETCHED DECORATION, PROBABLY MILANESE, CIRCA 1570-80
formed in one piece with a rounded crown rising to a high, boldly-roped medial comb (patched at two points and showing some delamination), projecting forward to an acutely-pointed downturned peak, and backwards to a matching neck-guard (pierced with a later suspension-hole), cut away at each side to receive a missing cheek-piece, formed at the main edges of its peak and neck-guard with boldly-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, and extensively decorated with etched classical ornament on a stippled and blackened ground, including in the recessed borders, running foliage, and on the remainder of the peak and neck-guard, in trefoil cartouches at each side of the crown and on each side of the comb, trophies of arms inhabited by fabulous beasts and birds (extensively worn and patinated overall)
29.0 cm; 11½ in


£1000-1500
191.    **A LIGHT HORSEMAN'S HELMET, PARTLY GERMAN, LATE 16TH CENTURY
with rounded one-piece skull (originally that of a close helmet) rising to a high file-roped medial comb, fitted at the front with a broad acutely pointed pivoted peak (restored), at its rear with a narrow obtusely-pointed neck-guard of three lames (reworked from those of a tasset), and at each side with the uppermost scale of a pendant chin-strap (restored), the distal edges of the peak and neck-guard formed with file-roped inward turns (lightly patinated overall)
34.0 cm; 13¼ in


£800-1200
192.    **A JOUSTING HELM IN THE EARLY 15TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY, FROM THE WORKSHOP OF SAMUEL LUKE PRATT
formed of as high one-piece crown rising at its rear to a rounded point (extensively repaired with riveted patches) and descending over the nape and sides to a straight inward-turned lower edge, and fitted at each side with a face-defence extending down to the same level and pierced at its right with numerous small circular ventilation-holes, its upper edge and the upper edge of the face-opening of the crown forming the edges of a 'frog-mouthed' vision slit, the lower edge of the helm bordered by brass-capped round-headed rivets with square washers shaped peripherally with eight cusps (acid-pitted overall)
36.5 cm; 14¼ in

Provenance
Londesborough Collection, sold Christie, Manson and Woods, 4th July 1888, probably lot 123 'Tilting helmet - temp. Henry V [a forgery] sold for £2 2s.'

Literature
James Robinson Planché, Cyclopaedia of Costume or Dictionary of Dress, 1876, Vol 1., p.284

The form of the helm is based on that of Henry V (d. 1422) in Westminster Abbey (Laking 1920, Vol. II, figs 49 a & b). For similar helms from the workshop of Samuel Luke Pratt of Bond Street, London, see Laking 1922, Vol V, fig. 1545,c; and Jonathan Tavares, Samuel Luke Pratt and the Arms & Armor Trade in Victorian Britain, Doctoral Dissertation, Bard College, New York, 2013, fig. 185. The helm was almost certainly made for Pratt by his principal faker, Thomas Grimshaw of Clerkenwell, London.


£1000-1500
193.    **A RARE ENGLISH COLLAR MADE IN THE ROYAL WORKSHOPS AT GREENWICH, CIRCA 1610
formed of four sturdy lames front and rear, in each case articulated to one another by three internal leathers (replaced), the upper edge of the first formed with a roped inward turn, the lower edge of the fourth with a series of large scallops bordered by a pair of widely-spaced incised lines, and the upper edges of the second to fourth each bevelled and bordered by a pair of more closely-spaced incised line, the front and rear sections of the collar connected to one another by an internal hinge at the left side and closed by a plain stud and hole and a mushroom-shaped stud and keyhole slot at the right (the whole showing a mottled overall patina and a number of plugged holes)
16.8 cm; 6½ in

Provenance
Robin Wigington, Poets Arbour, Stratford upon Avon, 9th October 1992

The gorget almost certainly derives from a series of garnitures for tilt and barriers use made at Greenwich about 1610. Several examples of the series are still to be seen in the Royal Armouries, Inv. Nos. II. 73, 78-9, 80 & 86 (ffoulkes 1916, vol. I, pp. 121-3 & 130; Exhibition of Armour made in the Royal Workshops at Greenwich, Tower of London, 1951, pp. p. 32; and Dufty & Reid 1968, pl. LII)


£1500-2500
194.    **A COMPOSITE ENGLISH OR FLEMISH MITTEN GAUNTLET FOR THE RIGHT HAND FROM THE ARMOURY OF THE FIRST EARL OF PEMBROKE, CIRCA 1555
formed of a short tubular cuff closed at the inside of the wrist by rivets, boxed at each side, shaped to the base of the thumb and formed at its flared upper edge with a file roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border, two metacarpal-plates and a shaped metacarpal-plate, each decorated at its upper edge with close-set filed nicks and bordered by a single incised line, and four finger-plates (from the same series of gauntlets but associated) narrowing distally to a rounded end with a recessed border and formed between the fingers with shallow V-shaped flutes having incised lines in their valleys (with a mottled patination overall)
27.7 cm; 11 in

The gauntlet belonged originally to a series of demilance armours sold piecemeal from the armoury of the Earls of Pembroke at Wilton House, Wiltshire, by Sotheby's, London, on 23 June 1921 and 14 June 1923. The armours may have been acquired to equip the followers of William Herbert, First Earl of Pembroke(1501-1570), when he was appointed Captain of Calais in 1556, and were very likely worn by them when he led the English contingent to the Battle of St Quentin in 1577. They were almost certainly among the forty-seven 'dimi launces' mentioned in an inventory of the Earl's armoury taken at Wilton only a year later in December 1588. Other gauntlets of the series are now in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds. See Mann 1939, pp. 10-16 and Hayward 1964, pp. 225-30)

£800-1200
195.    **AN ELBOW GAUNTLET FOR THE RIGHT HAND IN THE GERMAN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
formed of a long tubular cuff closed by a riveted join at the inside of the arm and extending over the point of the elbow to which it is slightly shaped, an outer wrist-plate, four metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate and scaled thumb and finger-defences (lightly patinated overall)
48.0 cm; 19 in

£200-300
196.    **A SABATON FOR THE LEFT FOOT IN THE GERMAN 'GOTHIC' STYLE OF THE LATE 15TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY; AND ANOTHER SIMILAR FOR THE RIGHT FOOT
the first formed of a front and a rear section joined to one another by a hinge at the inside and fastened by a stud and hole at the outside, the two elements cut away at their junction at each side to clear the undersides of the ankle bones, and the front section formed of a main plate fitted at its front with ten backward-overlapping lames shaped to the top of the foot and terminating in a long acutely-pointed toe-cap (lightly patinated overall); and the second similar to the last but having twelve lames over the foot, a considerably shorter toe-cap and being decorated on the upper surface of its front section with pairs of flutes arranged as two lozenges laid one in front of the other (lightly patinated overall)
The first 60.5 cm; 23¾ in; the second 46.5 cm; 18¼ in
(2)


£800-1200
197.    **A BEVOR IN THE SPANISH 'GOTHIC' STYLE OF THE LATE 15TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY
formed of a medially-ridged main plate strongly shaped to the chin, a tall face-plate pierced just below its inward-turned, obtusely pointed upper edge with a broad vision-slit, articulated at its lower edge to the main plate and supported at the right by a spring-catch, and a deep V-shaped gorget-plate pierced at its lower end with a pair of lace-holes fitted with brass eyelets (the right edge of the gorget-plate chipped, and the whole pitted and patinated overall)
41.0 cm; 16¼ in


£700-1000
198.    **A HALF-SHAFFRON IN THE GERMAN 'MAXIMILIAN' STYLE OF THE EARLY 16TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY
formed of a main plate shaped to the brow, fitted at its upper corners with tall gutter-shaped ear-defences and at the centre of the forehead with a plume-tube of rectangular section, the main plate and the outsides of the ears decorated with groups of flutes in the 'Maximilian' fashion', in each case emphasised by pairs of incised lines
27.5 cm; 11 in


£800-1200
199.    **A SOUTH GERMAN SHOT-PROOF STEEL TARGET, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1600
of convex circular form rising at its centre to a faceted ogival finial and formed around its edge with a series of puckers separated by later round-headed lining-rivets with brass rosette washers (three missing and the holes for them opened out for suspension-purposes), retaining a crimson-silk fringe and fragments of a leather lining, and fitted at each side with two later pairs of rivets and washers for the attachment of enarmes, their brass heads formed as human masks, the whole originally possessing a black-from-the-hammer finish (now much rubbed)
64.0 cm; 25¼ in

A shield of exactly the same design and decorated with brass masks of an identical pattern was sold in these rooms on 8 December 2010, lot 178, from the collection of the Princes of Hannover. It was struck with the quality control-mark of the city of Nuremberg and a mark attributed to the Nuremberg master Martin Schneider. A further shield from the same series is in the Art Institute of Chicago.
£2000-3000
200.    **A STEEL TARGET WITH EMBOSSED DECORATION IN THE MID-16TH CENTURY ITALIAN STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
of circular form rising at its centre to a broad slightly flattened convex boss, and formed peripherally with a file roped inward turn accompanied by a wide recessed border, the whole finely embossed in high relief and chased within a pattern of strapwork and scrolling acanthus foliage with classical busts, satyrs and trophies of arms surrounding a central circular cartouche enclosing the head of an armoured and bearded warrior, it surface russetted overall (its rear showing a few small soldered repairs)
65.0 cm; 25½ in

£2000-3000
201.    **A SOUTH GERMAN BREASTPLATE, EARLY 16TH CENTURY
formed of a globose main plate fitted within its arm-openings with moveable gussets, each turned inwards and boldly roped en suite with the straight upper edge of the former, and within its lower edge with a waist-lame supporting a fauld of four lames of which the last (restored) is gently arched and flanged outwards over the crotch, and fitted to either side of it with a pair of round-ended tassets each of five lames (the lowest three of the left associated; the remainder restored, probably using old metal; the whole lightly to moderately patinated overall)
57.5 cm; 22¾ in

£3000-5000
202.    **A NORTH ITALIAN ANIME BACKPLATE, CIRCA 1550-60
formed of ten upward-overlapping lames, the first formerly surmounted by an integral collar, the outer ends of the first to sixth cut with arm-openings, the lower edge of the tenth flanged outwards to receive an associated culet of one lame, the left shoulder of the first and each side of the sixth lame fitted with single-ended buckles to accommodate the straps of the breastplate, and each side of the tenth fitted with a rivet for a waist-belt, the main edges of the backplate formed with boldly-roped inward turns bordered by a raised ribs, and the subsidiary decorated with V-shaped nicks (with a mottled patination overall)
45.0 cm; 17¾ in

£1200-1800
203.    **A NORTH ITALIAN BACKPLATE OF A 'WAISTCOAT CUIRASS' OF SHOT-PROOF WEIGHT, LATE 16TH CENTURY
formed of three vertical plates of which the broad outer ones, in each case cut with an arm-opening and fitted beneath it with a pierced stud to receive the hasp of the breastplate, overlap the narrower middle one and are connected to it at each side by a sturdy internal hinge, the slightly upstanding neck-opening, to which all three plates contribute, lacks its integral collar and is fitted at the left and right ends respectively its flanged and scalloped lower edge with a turning-pin and a mushroom-headed stud to receive a detachable culet, the arm-openings formed with roped inward turns and accompanied by a single incised line repeated at all secondary edges and down the centre of the middle plate (the three plates rigidly riveted to one another and the outer ends of the outer ones extended in the working life of the piece; the whole surface showing a light patchy patina overall)
41.7 cm; 16 in
£800-1200
204.    **A COMPOSITE NORTH ITALIAN COLLAR, MID-16TH CENTURY
formed of three lames front and rear, the first in each case associated and having a plain inward turn at its upper edge, the lowest of deeper form than the rest and possessing a squared lower edge, both decorated at their outer edges with a pair of raised ribs, the rear one fitted at each shoulder with a later hinged trapezoidal loop for the suspension of a pauldron, and the upper edges of the second and fourth lames decorated with single incised lines, the whole blued overall and retaining traces of gilding at is borders and on its fittings
17.0 cm; 6¾ in
£500-800
205.    **AN HARQUEBUSIER'S BREASTPLATE AND BACKPLATE, LONDON, CIRCA 1650
the first of shot-proof weight, formed with a medial ridge, shallow V-shaped waistline, narrow upstanding neck-opening and short flange at the waist, fitted at each side of the chest with a stud to receive the shoulder-straps of the backplate and each side of the waist with a later belt hook, the neck and arm-openings formed with plain inward turns, all main edges pieced with later holes to attach a lining, and the neck-opening struck with the government ownership marks of the time of the Commonwealth (1649-60) and of Charles II (1660-85), together with a further indistinct mark; the second formed with a narrow upstanding neck-opening and short waist-flange, each, together with the arm- openings formed with plain inward turns, and the shoulders and each side of the waist fitted with later shoulder-straps and a waist-belt, both pieces retaining a black overall finish
40.3 cm; 15¾ in

£800-1200
206.    **ALFRED EMILE O' HARA COMTE DE NIEUWERKERKE (1811-92) :'MORT DE MONSEIGNEUR LE DUC DE CLARENCE', A FRENCH BRONZE EQUESTRIAN GROUP, MID-19TH CENTURY
brown patinated, depicting two accurately modelled armoured figures on caparisoned horses, the base with neo gothic decoration and lengthy narrative inscriptions on each side, signed 'par le Cte E. de Nieuwerkerke', dated 1838, with foundry inscription 'fondu par E. Quesnel. Paris' and 'Susse frères éditeurs place de la bourse'
55 cm; 21 ¾ in high, 60 cm; 23 5/8 in wide; 19 cm; 7 ¾ in deep

This sculpture shows the encounter between Thomas, 1st Duke of Clarence (Henry V's brother) and Garin de Fontaine at the battle of Baugé, 22 March 1421 during the 100 Years War. Thomas had not been present at his brother's famous victory at Agincourt (1415), and it may have been his desire to establish his battle credentials that led him to push on against the Scots fighting with the French despite advice to the contrary. In a rather ironic twist of fate his downfall may have been brought about by the lack of archers in his company compared to the number of Scottish bowmen, although the Scots and French were numerically inferior. As it was, in what was effectively an ill-advised sortie, Clarence and a significant number of his men at arms were killed. The historic accounts are confused, and it is not clear who actually killed Clarence, but as he was Henry V's Regent at the time, his death was a significant blow to the English.

This sculpture is probably the best known work of Alfred-Emilien O'Hara Comte de Nieuwerkerke (1811-1892). Nieuwerkerke, a French sculptor of Dutch descent, enjoyed a high level civil service career in the French Second Empire, until its fall in 1870. Following this he left Paris and moved to Italy, via London, shedding much of his distinguished collections as he went. Much of his arms and armour collection was acquired by Sir Richard Wallace and remains in the Wallace Collection today.

A plaster model, perhaps the original and another bronze sculpture of this group are preserved in the Royal Armouries, Leeds (XVII.29).
£4000-6000
207.    **A STRONGBOX, 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY AMERICAN
of russet iron plates, joined by riveted reinforced borders, the interior fitted with an additional lid with five sprung bolts operated by a complex arrangement of levers and sliding bosses, domed lid with a pair of robust hinges and a single frontal hasp, and a pair of lifting handles
61 cm; 24 in deep
89 cm; 35 in long
40.5 cm; 16 in high
£700-1000
208.    **FOUR CARVED PANELS IN NORTH EUROPEAN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
each decorated with a vertical design including a caryatid, a cherubic mask, and swags interrupted by scrolls, and blackened in imitation of old oak, together with two carved mounts probably from a chair, each decorated with a crouching lion and scrolls of foliage
the first: 88.5 cm; 34 7/8 in
(6) £200-300
209.    **TWO MANACLES AND A LARGE GROUP OF KEYS, 19TH CENTURY
the manacles of rudimentary construction, each u-shaped hasp, and barrel type lock, one with thirteen various keys, the other with eight keys
(23) £100-150
210.    **A CONTINENTAL TINDER LIGHTER, LATE 18TH CENTURY
with box-lock action signed 'Descos Launez' on a hinged tinder-cover on the left, fitted with file moulded cock, external mainspring, conical butt, and U-shaped support at the front
15 cm; 6 in overall
£250-350
211.    **A PAIR OF DECORATIVE BRONZE CANNON, LATE 19TH CENTURY
each with multi-stage barrel with raised moulding, near spherical cascabel buttons, a pair of plain trunnions: on its decorative iron carriage cast in the form of a dragon
38 cm; 15 in barrels
2.5 cm; 1 in bores
£500-700
212.    **A BRONZE MORTAR, 18TH CENTURY
formed in four stages, with raised astragal mouldings, the middle band with a central elliptical moulding, a pair of trunnions each with a half ellipse-shaped moulding above, circular vent, and conical cascabel
31 cm; 12 ¼ in barrel
6.5 cm; 2 ½ in bore
£1500-2000
213.    **THREE BRONZE SIGNAL MORTARS, 17TH/18TH CENTURY, FOR PARADE OR FESTIVAL USE
each of 'tankard' form, formed in two stages, with raised mouldings, rectangular handle, flared base and moulded vent (one holed)
12.5 cm; 4 7/8 in
14 cm; 5 1/2in
15 cm; 6 in barrels
(3)
£500-800
214.    **A PAIR OF BRONZE CANNON, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering barrels formed in five stages, with raised astragal mouldings, swamped at the muzzles, scallop-shell vents, globose cacabels, and a pair of plain trunnions: each on a later stepped wooden carriage with four trucks
68 cm; 26 ¾ in barrel
4 cm; 1 ½ in bore
£2500-3500
215.    **TWO PAIRS OF SPURS AND FOUR FURTHER SINGLE SPURS, 19TH CENTURY
the first pair of silvered iron, with short U-shaped heel bands, multi-spiked rowels retained by a scallop shell, a short length of mail, and each retaining a pair of loops for attachment; the second pair with U-shaped heel bands retaining traces of silvering, short necks fitted with small rowels, and one retaining a single buckle; together with two South American or Spanish spurs, and two further spurs
the first: 11.5 cm; 4 1/2 in
(8)

£200-300
216.    **TWO PAIRS OF STIRRUPS AND A HORSE BIT, 18TH/19TH CENTURY
the first pair formed of shaped openwork bars enclosing the forward portion of the foot (some bars loose), rising to a rectangular loop at the top; the second with knurled treads pierced in the centre with a pair of joined slipped circles, rounded side bars rising to a loop for suspension; the formed of two conical hollow bars, each fitted with a figure-of-eight shaped side panel with a loop for fitting to the reins
the first: 10.8 cm; 4 1/4 in high
(5) £120-180
217.    **AN ITALIAN MUSKETEER'S POWDER-FLASK, EARLY 17TH CENTURY
with wooden body applied with a large iron plaque front and back, the former with a central rosette and the latter with a belt hook, fitted with tapering nozzle with spring cut-off, and four rings for suspension (worn)
24 cm; 9 1/2 in high
£250-350
218.    **AN EAST EUROPEAN STAGHORN POWDER-FLASK, CARPATHIAN MOUNTAINS, 17TH CENTURY
of characteristic bifurcated form, the inner face left natural, the outer carved and engraved with geometric patterns (worn), fitted with two staghorn caps, engraved brass cap, two loops for suspension, together with a leather belt, 17th/18th Century, studded with numerous shaped previously gilt plaques (now in three pieces)
the flask: 18 cm; 7 1/8 in high £250-350
219.    **A .700 CALIBRE FRENCH MODEL 1763 FLINTLOCK PISTOL
of regulation type, the barrel retained by a single iron muzzle band, bevelled lock inscribed 'Gosuin a Charleville', regulation walnut full stock stamped with an inspector's mark opposite the lock, regulation iron mounts, and iron ramrod
22.7 cm; 8 7/8 in barrel
£400-600
220.    **A .600 CALIBRE 1756/77 PATTERN FLINTLOCK SEA SERVICE PISTOL
with tapering barrel stamped with Tower proof mark and the barrelsmith's initials 'IG' for Joseph Grice at the breech, flat lock with 'GR' crowned, broad arrow and 'Tower', stamped with a series of marks including a crown on the inside (the barrel and lock with areas of pitting), regulation full stock (the butt cracked through and repaired), regulation brass mounts, steel belt hook and later wooden ramrod
30.5 cm; 12 in barrel £1200-1800
221.    **A .600 CALIBRE 1756/77 PATTERN FLINTLOCK SEA SERVICE PISTOL, THE LOCK DATED 1761
with tapering barrel stamped with Tower proof mark, 'GR' crowned and broad arrow (the barrel with areas of pitting), flat dated lock signed 'Grice' with 'GR' crowned and broad arrow, faceted pan, regulation full stock with inspector's stamps, regulation brass mounts, steel belt hook and brass-tipped ramrod
30.5 cm; 12 in barrel
£1800-2200
222.    **A RARE .600 CALIBRE QUEEN ANNE FLINTLOCK REGULATION PISTOL, THE LOCK BY I. PEDDELL, CIRCA 1702-14
with two-stage barrel stamped with Ordnance and Tower proof marks, signed lock retained by three side nails, numbered '7' on the tail, with 'AR' crowned and crowned broad arrow mark, the inside stamped 'ED' and with a fleur-de-lys mark, full stock carved with an apron moulding about the tang (small repairs), brass mounts comprising solid side-plate, trigger-guard with rounded finial, butt-cap with 'AR' 'P', '14' and broad arrow accompanied by engraved linear borders, ramrod-pipe and brass-tipped ramrod
35.5 cm; 14 in barrel

James Peddell is recorded 1688-1716 as a maker of complete arms including a government gift to New York in 1702 and 1710. See lot 224. £3000-4000
223.    **A RARE .650 CALIBRE 1730 PATTERN LAND SERVICE PISTOL WITH 1729 PATTERN LOCK, DATED 1729
with tapering barrel stamped with Ordnance and Tower proof marks, regulation dated lock with 'GR' crowned, broad arrow and 'Tower' (the cock repaired), stamped 'WI' and '30' crowned on the inside, regulation full stock carved with a moulding about the tang (small cracks and chips), regulation brass mounts, and brass-tipped ramrod
30.5 cm; 12 in barrel

See De Witt Bailey 1997, pp. 18-19.
£3000-5000
224.    **AN EXCEPTIONALLY RARE .650 CALIBRE JAMES II FLINTLOCK COMBINED GRENADE LAUNCHER AND MUSKET BY JAMES PEDDELL, LONDON, CIRCA 1687
with sighted barrel formed in four stages and with a moulded muzzle ring, retained by a slender steel band muzzle band, octagonal then polygonal breech stamped with Ordnance marks, long rectangular tang, slightly curved signed lock engraved with border ornament and 'I2R' crowned, fitted with rounded pan incorporating a rear gate and a slender trap-cover on the tail for grenade ignition, engraved cock, walnut full stock, the butt formed of a bottle-shaped steel extension forming the grenade launching base, stamped with 'IR' crowned on the neck, separated from the tang by a brass washer, the rear of walnut stamped '234' and with a further mark on the right (one small crack), fitted with a hinge and retained by a sprung button catch on the top (cracked on one side), the fore-end with a stirrup mount and a full length iron bar for mounting, iron trigger-guard, brass mounts comprising scrolling side-pate, butt-cap with tang of shaped outline, three moulded ramrod-pipes and slender fore-end cap (ramrod missing)
98 cm; 38 5/8 in barrel

Provenance
Clay P. Bedford

Exhibited
Early Firearms of Great Britain and Ireland, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1971

Literature
Herbert A. Sherlock, Early Grenade Launchers of Great Britain, in, Military Collector and Historian, June 1951, pp. 44-6.
Early Firearms of Great Britain and Ireland, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1971, cat. No. 105.

The present combined grenade thrower and flintlock musket is one of three known examples, the other two being preserved in the Royal Armouries, Leeds (Inv. Nos. XII 260 and 261), by James Peddell and Hartwell respectively.

John Tinker invented this combined musket and grenade thrower in 1681 and was awarded a pension of five pounds per quarter for it. The Ordnance Records include a minute referring to three gunmakers, Collins Groome, John Hartwell and James Peddell, for stocking and locking brass hand mortar pieces made by the Ordnance brass founder William Wightman at Moorfields.

James (1) Peddell apprenticed to John Silke, became free of the Gunmaker's Company, 1682; was elected assistant, 1699; and became Master 1703-4. He was Gunmaker to Ordnance, 1685-1717; The East India Company, 1716; The Hudson Bay Company 1687-1722 and the Royal African Company from 1721 until his death in 1723. See H. L. Blackmore 1961, pp. 35-36, for a detached grenade launcher see F. Grose 1801, vol. II, p. 363. £19000-24000
225.    **A .950 CALIBRE 1737 PATTERN FLINTLOCK RAMPART GUN, DATED 1744
with sighted barrel stamped with Ordnance proof marks, , grooved tang, border-engraved dated lock signed 'Jordan', with 'GR' crowned and broad arrow mark, regulation full stock (light worm), stamped with inspector's marks on the butt, regulation brass mounts, iron stirrup mount, and iron ramrod
137 cm; 54 in barrel £5000-7000
226.    **A RARE .750 CALIBRE WILLIAM III DOG-LOCK MUSKET, CIRCA 1695-1700
with sighted barrel formed in two stages, octagonal breech stamped with proof marks and the barrelsmith's mark, perhaps 'IS' (rubbed), flat lock retained by three side nails, engraved with 'WR' crowned, fitted with flat bellied cock with dog safety-catch, full elmwood stock carved with a raised moulding about the tang, brass mounts comprising butt-cap and two moulded ramrod-pipes (later ramrod, trigger-guard missing)
118 cm; 46 1/2 in barrel £4000-6000
227.    **A .750 CALIBRE 1730/40 LONG LAND PATTERN FLINTLOCK MUSKET, THE LOCK DATED 1736
with tapering sighted barrel retained by four pairs of cross pins, struck with the barrelsmith's mark 'EI' crowned, probably for Edmond Jordan, the tang struck with Tower proof mark, border-engraved regulation lock signed 'Jordan' with 'GR' crowned and the date (refreshed), regulation stock, boldly impressed 'RBXXXXIII' on the left of the butt, regulation brass mounts and brass-tipped ramrod
116.8 cm; 46 in barrel

Edmond Jordan is recorded circa 1734.
£3000-4000
228.    **A .750 CALIBRE DOG-LOCK MUSKET OF SEPOY TYPE BY JOHN (1) WALKER, CIRCA 1722-48
with tapering sighted barrel struck with a series of proof marks, the barrelsmith's mark, and inscribed 'No. 12' at the breech, the tang struck with Tower proof mark, flat lock retained by three side nails, signed 'Walker' and struck with '2' crowned, fitted with dog safety-catch incorporating a thumb lug, full stock (the fore-end shortened)carved with a raised moulding about the tang and stamped with a series of numbers on each side of the butt (cleaned down), brass mounts of regulation type including scrolling serpentine side-plate, trigger-guard, butt-plate (cracked) and two ramrod-pipes, and steel ramrod
106.5 cm; 42 in barrel

John (1) Walker is recorded circa 1717-48. He had 463 muskets proved by the Gunmaker's Company circa 1723-31. For another gun of this type by the same maker see D. H. Harding 1997, p. 21. £2500-3500
229.    **A .750 CALIBRE SHORT LAND PATTERN FLINTLOCK MUSKET, THE LOCK DATED 1759
with tapering sighted barrel (muzzle worn and stretched), border-engraved dated lock with 'GR' crowned and 'Tower', regulation stock impressed 'BB' on the left of the butt, regulation brass mounts including four ramrod-pipes, escutcheon and butt-cap (sling swivels missing, areas of pitting) and brass-tipped wooden ramrod
106.7 cm; 42 in barrel £2000-3000
230.    **A .750 CALIBRE 1779 PATTERN SHORT LAND PATTERN FLINTLOCK MUSKET
the barrel struck with Ordnance and Tower proof marks and traces of a regimental inscription (pitted, bore worn at the muzzle), border-engraved lock with 'GR' crowned, 'Tower' and broad arrow, regulation full stock (cracked through and repaired ahead of the rear ramrod-pipe), brass mounts including escutcheon engraved 'A/12', and steel ramrod
106.7 cm; 42 in barrel £1800-2200
231.    **A .650 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK MUSKET BY GRICE, DATED 1759
with sighted barrel stamped with Ordnance and Tower proof marks, border-engraved signed and dated lock with broad arrow mark, regulation stock, regulation brass mounts including four ramrod-pipes, a pair of sling swivels, and steel ramrod
106.6 cm; 42 in barrel
£2500-3500
232.    **A .750 CALIBRE PRUSSIAN MODEL 1740 FLINTLOCK MUSKET
with sighted barrel, grooved tang, stepped bevelled regulation lock with Potsdam arsenal inscription, and 'S&D' on the lower edge, full stock impressed on the left of the butt (repaired) 'M St John 36' in large script on the left, regulation brass mounts including escutcheon with 'FR' crowned and butt-plate numbered '36', and associated ramrod
104.5 cm 41 1/8 in barrel
£2500-3500
233.    **A .700 CALIBRE FRENCH MODEL 1763 FLINTLOCK MUSKET WITH U.S. MARKINGS, LATE 18TH CENTURY
of regulation type, with sighted barrel retained by three steel bands, stamped 'US' over the breech and with the date on the tang, bevelled lock with the date, St Etienne Royal Arsenal inscription and 'US', regulation stock cut with various initials on the butt, regulation steel mounts and steel ramrod
113.5 cm; 44 3/4 in barrel £2000-3000
234.    **A PAIR OF 18 BORE FLINTLOCK LIVERY PISTOLS, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1780
with two stage lightly swamped barrels, octagonal breeches engraved with sprays of foliage at each end, engraved tangs, engraved bevelled locks fitted with engraved bevelled cocks, walnut full stocks carved with a moulding about the tangs (one fore-end repaired, brass mounts comprising pierced foliate sideplates, trigger-guards engraved with a flowerhead on the bows and with foliate terminals, grotesque mask butt caps, vacant escutcheons, and a pair of ramrod-pipes (later ramrods)
17.8cm; 7in barrels
(2)
£2000-3000
235.    **A 20 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOL BY I. WELCH, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1770
with two-stage slightly swamped barrel, engraved with a linear frame over the breech, engraved tang, signed border-engraved lock (cock replaced), figured walnut full stock inlaid with silver wire scrolls about the tang, brass mounts comprising trophy-of-arms side plate cast in low relief, trigger-guard engraved on the bow, grotesque mask cap, vacant escutcheon, and a pair of ramrod-pipes (one replaced, later ramrod)
20.2 cm; 8 in barrel

John Welch is recorded in Birmingham circa 1766-93.
£350-450
236.    **A RARE PAIR OF 80 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED FOUR BARRELLED FLINTLOCK TAP-ACTION TRAVELLING PISTOLS BY DURS EGG, LONDON PROOF MARKS, BIRMINGHAM SILVER MARKS 1782, MAKER'S MARK I. B.
with turn-off brass barrels stamped with County Down Census marks 'D-N5397' and 'D-N5398', numbered 1-4 and 5-8 respectively, border-engraved faceted breeches numbered en suite and stamped with London proof marks top and bottom, engraved tangs decorated with rococo scrolls and foliage, signed box-lock actions engraved with trophies-of-arms on each side, fitted with blued tap-levers on the left (the top-jaws and screws replaced), highly figured bulbous walnut butts profusely inlaid with silver scrolls, flower heads and pellets (small losses, some lifting), fitted with silver pommels finely cast and chased in low relief with a lion devouring bones within a turret, all enclosed in a rococo framework, silver escutcheon engraved with the owner's crest beneath an Earl's coronet and engraved blued sliding trigger-guard safety-catch engraved with a rococo bouquet on the bow
11.7cm; 4 5/8in barrels
(2)


Provenance
Arthur, 5th Earl of Donegal (1739-99), created Marquis 1791, described by Horace Walpole as a 'very weak man'
Mrs Jack, Ireland, Sotheby & Co. 22nd December 1960, lot 162
Christie's, King Street, 22nd July 1992, lot 205

These pistols were said to have been used by Lord Hill, better known as General Hill of the Peninsular Campaigns, who, on his death in 1842 left them to his valet Calderwood.
£6000-8000
237.    **A PAIR OF 20 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK TURN-OFF PISTOLS BY FREEMAN, LONDON, CIRCA 1760, LONDON PROOF MARKS, MAKER'S MARK JA
with cannon barrels moulded at the muzzles and numbered '1' and '2' respectively, engraved breeches numbered en suite, stamped with the barrelsmith's mark beneath, signed beneath the pans, inscribed 'London' on top and decorated with foliage, separate tangs engraved with foliage, border-engraved actions with matching cocks and steels, highly figured swelling walnut butts carved with an apron moulding incorporating a scallop about the tangs, border-engraved sliding trigger-guard safety-catches (the steel parts with areas of pitting throughout), silver mounts comprising pierced scrolling foliate side plates, grotesque mask butt-caps, and rococo escutcheons decorated with the owner's crest
11.5 cm; 4 1/2 in barrels
(2)

Provenance
Michael German, 5th September 1992

James Paul Freeman was apprenticed to Henry Anthonison and turned over to Andrew Dolep in 1705. He was made Free of the Gunmakers Company in 1716 and became Master in 1732. During the period 1721-31 he had 4,872 muskets, 609 pairs of pistols and 51 musketoons proved by the Gunmakers Company

The crest is that of Macartney.
£2000-2500
238.    **A RARE 25 BORE EAST SCOTTISH FLINTLOCK BELT PISTOL FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL, SIGNED R. S., DATED 1723
with multi-stage barrel, faceted flaring muzzle, the median overlaid with engraved silver panels, small silver flowerheads and diamond-shaped panels, the breech incorporating the back-sight, inlaid with a pair of silver flowerhead rondels and the date '1723' on a silver strip, rounded lock signed 'R. S.' beneath the pan, moulded steel full stock engraved with pairs of lines (rubbed), inlaid with an engraved panel of silver beneath the fore-end, heart-shaped pommel engraved en suite and enclosed by a band of engraved silver at the top, fitted with spirally engraved pricker, the trigger decorated en suite, slender steel belt hook with bracket of shaped outline, moulded ramrod-pipe, and steel ramrod
15.5 cm; 16 1/8 in barrel

For a discussion of this distinctive form of pistol see W. Reid 1963, pp. 26-30.
£4000-6000
239.    **A FINE PAIR OF 24 BORE SCOTTISH FLINTLOCK BELT PISTOLS WITH BRASS BARRELS, LOCKS AND STOCKS BY T. MURDOCH, LEITH, LAST QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
each with three-stage barrel engraved with scrollwork and foliage, formed with faceted slightly flared muzzle and reeded breech, the latter incorporating the back-sight, signed engraved lock decorated with scrolls and border-ornament, full stock engraved with matching designs of scrolls, foliage and petals, the underside inlaid with panels of engraved silver, the spine of the butt engraved en suite and decorated with the owners crest within an oval behind the tang, bulbous silver pommels engraved with a radiating pattern of scrolls and foliage and with no provision for a pricker, engraved brass belt hook with pierced and engraved bracket, silver ball trigger engraved with an expanded flowerhead, engraved steel ramrod-pipes, and steel ramrods, almost certainly the original
18.5 cm; 7 1/4 in
(2)

Provenance
John Christie, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, sold Sotheby's New York 1st June 1991, lot 348.

The crest is probably that of Wadham or Woodam. £5000-7000
240.    **A PAIR OF 32 BORE SCOTTISH FLINTLOCK BELT PISTOLS FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL BY I. MURDOCH, LAST QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY
with three-stage barrels engraved with traditional Celtic scrollwork, formed with faceted slightly flared muzzles and reeded breeches, signed locks engraved with further scrolls and border ornament, full stocks engraved with matching designs of scrolls, foliage and petals, the undersides inlaid with panels of engraved silver, the spine of the butts inlaid with silver scrolls and set with a vacant silver escutcheon on each side, ramshorn pommels enriched with silver, engraved steel belt hooks, silver ball triggers engraved with an expanded flowerhead, prickers en suite with the triggers (restored), engraved steel ramrod-pipes, and steel ramrods
17.2 cm; 7 3/4 in

Provenance
The Property of a Gentleman, sold, Christie's, King Street, 22nd July 1992, lot 205
£6000-8000
241.    **A FINE PAIR OF18 BORE DUTCH SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK LONG HOLSTER PISTOLS, CIRCA 1710, ENRICHED FOR PRESENTATION TO MUSTAFA AGHA 1235 AH (CIRCA 1819/20)
with tapering barrels chiselled with foliage at the muzzles, long flats with brass fore-sights, decorated over the breeches with foliage enclosing a chiselled brass grotesque mask and stamped with Utrecht town mark (rubbed), inlaid with a brass line on each side, brass lined vent, moulded tangs incorporating the back-sights, stepped brass locks signed ahead of the cocks, chiselled with foliage on the tails and beneath the pans (rubbed), fitted with chiselled steel cocks decorated with scrolls carrying a grotesque profile, and chiselled steels, full stocks profusely inlaid over their full surface with silver wire scrolls enriched with pellets and flower heads, a brief inscription on the left of the breeches (minor lifting, small losses), full silver mounts comprising side-plates pierced and chiselled in low relief with scrolling foliage and flowers carrying a deity borne in a chariot and a gigantic bird-of-prey, spurred pommels decorated with further designs of foliage and portrait profiles, the butts each with a portrait profile in a foliate frame, trigger-guards decorated en suite, crowned vacant escutcheon carried by a pair of winged figures, a pair of faceted ramrod-pipes, moulded fore-end caps, and silver-tipped wooden ramrods
33.5 cm; 13 ¼ in barrels
(2)

The inscription reads 'sahib devletlu mustafa aða sene 1235' (Owner, the fortunate Mustafa Agha, year 1235), this corresponds with the period of the pistols embellishment. This is possibly Mustafa Agha Barbar (d. 1834), Governor of the Tripoli district in the Ottoman province of Syria, in the first three decades of the 19th century. Barbar was a charismatic and powerful figure who fell foul of the Ottoman authorities and was restored to favour through the diplomacy of Muhammad 'Ali, Governor of Egypt. He extensively remodeled the fortress in Tripoli, giving it its present form, and built the huge fortress in the village of Iaal, strategically located in the hills behind Tripoli. See I. Tannus al-Khuri, 1957.

For an account of Gerrit I, II and III Lasonder see A. Hoff 1978, pp. 123-126, C. A. Hartmans 1949-51, pp. 208-228 and the same author 2006, pp. 312-313.
£6000-10000
242.    **A PAIR OF 14 BORE LIEGOIS FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS SIGNED G. MASSIN, CIRCA 1740
with three-stage sighted barrels moulded at the muzzles, octagonal breeches engraved with beadwork, sprays of foliage and polygonal for the uppermost sections, engraved tangs, signed rounded locks engraved with sprays of foliage and border ornament (areas of pitting), figured walnut full stocks moulded over the fore-ends and about the tangs, steel mounts comprising pierced scrolling side plates chiselled with foliage, spurred pommels engraved en suite with the locks and fitted with moulded caps, engraved trigger-guards with moulded finials, a pair of ramrod-pipes, vacant silver escutcheons (restored), and each with later wooden ramrod with steel worm
24 cm; 9 1/2 in

Gilles Massin is recorded as a gun dealer in Liège until his death in 1740.
£3000-4000
243.    **A 60 BORE ITALIAN MIQUELET-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, CIRCA 1740
reconverted from percussion, with two-stage tapering barrel enclosed with a moulded foliate band at the muzzle, engraved tang, engraved lock decorated with scrolls and tendrils issuant from monstrous masks, fitted with external spring, bridle and cock all decorated en suite, full stock applied with numerous brass plaques cast and chiselled with scrolls of foliage terminating in grotesque profiles and marine monsters, a larger plaque with matching designs including a green man mask ahead of the trigger-guard and about the tang, brass mounts cast and chased en suite, comprising solid side plate, spurred pommel, trigger-guard with large leafy terminal, and three moulded ramrod-pipes, engraved brass trigger-plate, moulded brass fore-end cap, and retaining a portion of its brass tipped ramrod
30.5 cm; 12 in barrel
£800-1200
244.    **A 16 BORE ADRIATIC FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, LATE 18TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel retained by a single brass muzzle band chased with a trophy-of-arms, formed with a long flat inscribed in imitation of a signature and moulded at the breech, engraved grooved breech tang, engraved bevelled lock with pseudo signature, full stock carved with elaborate scrolls in low relief behind the rear ramrod-pipe and about the tang, brass mounts comprising pierced foliate side plate incorporating a central mask, trigger-guard with leafy finial, spurred pommel (repaired)' scrollwork escutcheon and two ramrod-pipes, and later ramrod
32 cm; 12 1/2 in barrel
£400-600
245.    **A 22 BORE FRENCH FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL BY JEAN GRIOTTIER, CIRCA 1750
with tapering sighted barrel formed with a long flat, plain tang, signed stepped bevelled lock, figured full stock moulded over the fore-end and carved with a raised moulding about the tang (cracked), iron mounts comprising chiselled scrollwork side plate, spurred pommel, trigger-guard with moulded finial, a pair of faceted ramrod-pipes, and original ramrod with iron worm and bone final
34.2 cm; 13 1/2 in barrel

Jean Griottier is recorded in St Etienne circa 1750.
£700-1000
246.    **A 32 BORE NORTH EUROPEAN WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, MID-17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY MAASTRICHT
with slender tapering barrel stamped '303' on the right of the breech, slender tang, bevelled lock retained by two side nails, fitted with external wheel, sliding pan-cover with button release and moulded dog, blackened hardwood full sock (fore-end repaired, grip cracked through and repaired, filled repairs), white metal mounts comprising later small trigger-guard, a band enclosing the pommel, a single moulded ramrod-pipe, fore-end cap, and silver-mounted wooden ramrod
50.5 cm; 19 7/8 in

Provenance
Sotheby's New York, 26th May 1992, lot 464
£1200-1500
247.    **A 24 BORE WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL WITH EBONY STOCK AND GILT MOUNTS, 17TH CENTURY AND LATER
with tapering barrel formed in four stages (lengthened), the breech with a slender girdle and engraved with scrolls of foliage (rubbed), engraved tang, rounded lock retained by three side nails, fitted with external wheel engraved 'S', moulded pan-cover with button release, ebony full stock carved with scrolling leafy tendrils about the rear ramrod-pipe and the tang (repaired), gilt brass mounts comprising pierced side plate engraved with a design of scrolling foliage inhabited by a monster head and a grotesque, carrying a central medallion filled by a profile in contemporary dress, spurred pommel chiselled with a rampant lion against a punched ground, trigger-guard with foliate terminal, a pair of ramrod-pipes, and gilt-brass tipped ebony ramrod, perhaps the original
35.5cm; 14in barrel

Provenance
The Property of a Gentleman, sold Christie's 20th November 1991, lot 305. £2500-3500
248.    **A 20 BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK CARBINE, LATE 17TH CENTURY
cut-down from a müllerbüchsen, with two-stage sighted barrel, stamped with the barrelsmith's initials' HB', a series of decorative marks, and the spurious date 1537 over the breech, flat lock fitted with wheel enclosed by a raised circular plate, sliding pan-cover with foliate button release, and pierced dog, hardwood full stock moulded over the fore-end, the butt with raised cheek-piece on the left and patchbox with sliding cover on the right, and steel mounts including trigger-guard and butt-plate
28.8 cm; 11 3/8 in barrel
£1500-2500
249.    **A 28 BORE SAXON WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, DATED 1587, PROBABLY DRESDEN
with two-stage swamped barrel, dated and stamped with a mark (Neue Støckel 3841) over the breech, blued flat lock retained by two side nails, fitted with external wheel retained by a large circular brass bracket engraved with a scale pattern, sliding pan-cover with button release, dog, dog spring and safety-catch with filed details, full stock inlaid with engraved staghorn plaques and segmental lines over the fore-end, the rear portion profusely inlaid with scrolling ball flowers within segmental frames, a large pair of engraved staghorn side nails washers opposite the lock, scrollwork plaques about the tang, compressed spherical pommel decorated en suite and inlaid with a warrior profile rondel (small cracks, minor repairs and replacements), steel trigger-guard, engraved staghorn ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap, and wooden ramrod with engraved staghorn tip
39 cm; 15 3/8 in barrel

Two pistols decorated in this manner and formerly in the collection of William Goodwin Renwick were sold Sotheby & Co., London 21st May 1973 lot 150. £10000-14000
250.    **A .38 CALIBRE AMERICAN PERCUSSION UNDERHAMMER PISTOL, MID-19TH CENTURY
with two-stage rifled sighted barrel, stamped with patterns of flowers over the breech, engraved tang incorporating the back-sight, under hammer action, and a pair of figured hardwood grips (small cracks) enclosed by a brass back-strap
10.2 cm; 4 in barrel
£300-400
251.    **A .36 CALIBRE AMERICAN PERCUSSION UNDERHAMMER PISTOL, MID-19TH CENTURY
with two-stage rifled sighted barrel, stamped with patterns of flowers over the breech and '100' beneath, engraved tang incorporating the back-sight, under hammer action, and a pair of figured hardwood grips (small cracks) enclosed by a brass back-strap
10.2 cm; 4 in barrel

£300-400
252.    **A .36 CALIBRE AMERICAN PERCUSSION UNDERHAMMER PISTOL BY W. ASHTON, MID-19TH CENTURY
with two-stage rifled sighted barrel stamped 'W. Ashton' over the breech, brass tang fitted with back-sight and extending to form the back-strap, underhammer action, and figured walnut grips
13 cm; 5 1/8 in barrel

£350-450
253.    **A .41 CALIBRE AMERICAN PERCUSSION POCKET DERINGER, CIRCA 1860
with tapering rifled sighted barrel fitted with German silver fore-sight, inlaid with a pair of gold lines at the breech, stamped 'Deringer Philadela' and stamped with 'P' enclosed by a sunburst, signed tang with back-sight, signed scroll-engraved lock, figured walnut full stock, inlaid with an engraved silver plaque ahead of the lock, chequered butt, engraved silver mounts comprising trigger-guard with pineapple finial, side-plate, vacant escutcheon and a pair of barrel bolt escutcheons, German silver butt-cap with engraved steel trap, and German silver fore-end cap, and some original finish throughout
6.5 cm; 2 1/2 in barrel £800-1000
254.    **AN 80 BORE AMERICAN RIFLED FLINTLOCK KENTUCKY PISTOL, CIRCA 1830
with octagonal sighted barrel, plain tang, large stepped lock, full stock applied with a silver heart-shaped plaque on each side of the fore-end, a rondel on each side of the butt and an oval escutcheon, brass mounts comprising trigger-guard with near square terminal, side-plate and butt-cap, a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes and brass strip fore-end cap (later ramrod)
13.8cm; 5 3/8in barrel
£800-1000
255.    **A 15 BORE FLINTLOCK WILDFOWLING OR BANK GUN, CIRCA 1740, PROBABLY AMERICAN
with tapering sighted barrel, moulded at the breech and struck with British Birmingham proof marks, grooved tang, rounded lock engraved with border ornament and bold scrolls (worn, patinated), walnut full stock moulded over the fore-end, carved and incised with foliage behind the ramrod-pipe, ahead of the trigger-guard and about the tang (rubbed the fore-end cracked, small chips), brass mounts comprising pierced scrolling side-plate, trigger-guard with moulded bow and shaped finial, butt-plate with pronounced heel, three moulded ramrod-pipes, and wooden ramrod with iron worm and brass tip
153 cm; 60 1/4 in barrel £2500-3500
256.    **A .500 CALIBRE NEW ENGLAND FLINTLOCK RIFLE BY EDMUND BEMIS, CIRCA 1770
with tapering sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, signed on a long flat and fitted with standing back-sight, stamped 'EB' on the left of the breech, bevelled lock stamped 'EB', full stock carved with a moulding over the fore-end (cracked through and repaired), carved with a moulding behind the rear ramrod-pipe and about the tang, iron mounts comprising trigger-guard with finial of shaped outline, stepped solid side-plate, butt-plate en suite with the trigger-guard and six ramrod-pipes, vacant silver escutcheon, iron fore-end cap, and associated ramrod
126.4 cm; 49 3/4 in barrel

Edmund Bemis is recorded circa 1720-1810 in Boston, Massachusetts. £1500-2000
257.    **A 28 BORE AMERICAN PERCUSSION GUN, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
converted from flintlock, with octagonal sighted barrel, grooved tang, engraved stepped lock decorated with linear patterns and ears of corn, hardwood full stock, brass mounts comprising trigger-guard decorated with a flower on the bow and with stylised acorn finial, two-piece side-plate, butt-cap (holed), three ramrod-pipes (the fourth missing), brass fore-end cap, silver escutcheon, and later ramrod
122 cm; 48 in barrel £500-700
258.    **A FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS BY T. JORDAN, THE LOCK DATED 1757
with brass barrel formed in four stages, stamped with London proof marks and the barrelsmiths mark, 'RW' beneath an eight-point star perhaps for Richard (1) Wilson, over the breech, signed military lock engraved with border ornament, 'GR' crowned, and the date (pitted), figured walnut stock (cracks and repairs, the last portion of the fore-end replaced), brass mounts of regulation type comprising flush fitting side-plate, trigger-guard with bulbous finial, butt-plate and a single ramrod-pipe, and later ramrod
40.5 cm; 16 in barrel £1200-1800
259.    **A FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS BY BARBAR, PROBABLY JAMES (1), CIRCA 1760
with swamped steel barrel, moulded at the breech, struck with London proof marks and the barrelsmith's mark (rubbed), signed rounded lock, the base of the cock cut for a dog safety-catch (added in its working life, now missing), figured walnut full stock (cracked ahead of the trigger-guard), brass mounts comprising pierced strapwork side-plate, trigger-guard with bud-shaped finial, butt-plate with tang of shaped outline, moulded ramrod-pipe, vacant escutcheon, steel sling swivels, and brass-tipped wooden ramrod
40.5 cm; 16 in barrel £1000-1500
260.    **A FLINTLOCK TURNPIKE GUN, EARLY 18TH CENTURY, THE BARREL SIGNED JOHN SMART
with brass barrel formed in two stages, swelling towards the muzzle and with a raised band behind, inscribed 'John Smart att Londine Fecit 1710' (later), struck with London proof marks and the barrelsmith's mark of Thomas (1) Hawley, incorporating a raised belt cut for the back-sight, iron tang, flat lock retained by three screws, stamped with the letters 'M' above 'RX' in a trefoil on the inside, full stock (areas of worm) carved about the ramrod aperture, iron trigger-guard, a single brass ramrod-pipe, and later ramrod
72 cm; 28 3/8 in barrel

John Smart was made Free of the Gunmaker's Compnay by patrimony in 1705, presented his proof piece 1707 and is recorded as gunmaker 'against Norfolk Street in the Strand' circa 1715. Thomas (1) Hawley is recorded as gunmaker to Ordnance, circa 1682-1707. £2000-2500
261.    **A RARE 25 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK BREECH-LOADING REPEATING MAGAZINE GUN ON THE LORENZONI PRINCIPLE, CIRCA 1690
with three-stage barrel formed with a pronounced octagonal moulding incorporating a silver fore-sight at the muzzle, etched with foliage (previously damascened) behind, faceted breech retaining traces of damascened ornament including leafy foliage, grooved for sighting and fitted with rotating brass breech block operated by a moulded lever on the left, the tang damascened with a green man mask, rounded lock engraved in the French taste with a scroll inscribed 'God save the King' carried by a cherub, fitted with engraved cock decorated with a serpent and foliage (top-jaw and screw replaced), powder magazine with engraved cover, the opposite side of the lock with a trap door for the ball magazine figured walnut half-stock (a working replacement) carved with a moulding about the tang, moulded iron trigger-guard damascened en suite with the breech, and iron butt-cap (patch box cover replaced)
67.5 cm; 26 ½ in barrel

The present system is named after the Florentine gunsmith Michelle Lorenzoni though there is no evidence to suggest that he was the inventor of it. This system seems to have enjoyed some popularity in England, as evidenced by the frequently quoted text of Samuel Pepys who wrote on 3rd July 1662 'A gun to discharge seven times, the best of all devices I ever saw, and very serviceable, and not a bauble; for it is much approved of, and many made thereof'. However, given the design it is likely that a number of the powder magazines exploded thus accounting for the rarity of such arms today. For an account of Lorenzoni see J. F. Hayward 1963, pp. 141-143.
£12000-18000
262.    **A .700 CALIBRE FRENCH FLINTLOCK MUSKET SIGNED LE CLERT A DIEPPE, CIRCA 1750
with sighted barrel formed in three stages, signed bevelled lock retained by three side nails, fitted with flat cock and bevelled pan, full stock carved with a moulding about the rear ramrod-pipe and the tang, thick butt carved with a moulding at the bottom on each side, iron mounts including solid side-plate, moulded trigger-guard, butt-plate with terminal of shaped outline, and four ramrod-pipes, steel fore-end cap and associated wooden ramrod
120.3 cm; 40 3/8 in barrel £1500-2500
263.    **A 10 BORE GERMAN MATCHLOCK MUSKET, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY, WITH LATER DECORATED STOCK
with sighted barrel formed in three stages, stamped with proof marks (indistinct) over the breech and fitted with integral pan (cover hinge torn), flat lock fitted with shaped serpentine (thumbscrew missing), full stock (wormed), profusely inlaid with numerous engraved staghorn plaques decorated with conventional flowers and foliage, fishtail butt decorated with a huntsman and hound in pursuit of a fox on the each side and a bouquet above, iron mounts comprising trigger-guard, butt-plate ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap of military type, and wooden ramrod painted with the inventory number 'M.959.1928'
118 cm; 46 ½ in barrel


£2000-3000
264.    **A FINE SILESIAN WHEEL-LOCK BIRDING RIFLE (TSCHINKE), DATED 1677
with octagonal swamped sighted barrel rifled with six narrow grooves, punched with a star-shaped design at the muzzle, signed by the barrel smith 'AK' and dated over the breech, angular tang engraved with the letter 'L', engraved flat lock of characteristic form, decorated with bold scrolls, fitted with external wheel retained by a bracket, engraved flash-guard, engraved dog, engraved pan-cover with button release, and applied with engraved brass plaques over the wheel bracket, the main spring and the dog spring, fruitwood full stock profusely inlaid with engraved staghorn plaques including hounds, rabbits and ball flowers amongst scrolling staghorn tendrils enriched with ball flowers and pellets, all between staghorn lines (the inlay with minor restorations and small losses), the underside of the stock decorated with further designs including a stag and a wild boar, butt of characteristic form inlaid en suite including a unicorn on the cheek-piece and with patchbox with sliding cover, iron trigger-guard shaped for the fingers, engraved horn butt-cap decorated with a rabbit, engraved staghorn ramrod-pipe, engraved staghorn fore-end cap, and associated ramrod
95.5 cm; 37 5/8 in barrel
£6000-8000
265.    A VICTORIAN OFFICER'S UNIFORM OF THE BOMBAY VOLUNTEER RIFLES CIRCA 1900
scarlet tunic with blue cloth collar and cuffs, the collar edged with silver "Vellum" lace and braid, with white metal bugle-horn collar-badges. The fronts edged with silver Russia braid. Pointed cuffs edged with a double row of silver lace, traced with Russia forming an Austrian knot above and crowsfoot below. White metal buttons with regimental title and bugle-horn below the Imperial crown. Twisted silver shoulder-cords bearing two stars in silver embroidery; a scarlet "Torin" pattern field cap with blue crown and flaps, silver braid edging and badge of the Imperial crown above 'BVR' in silver embroidery; a paper label inscribed ' F W English'; a white enamelled leather shoulder belt with whistle-holder, lion's head chain-boss and magnificent plate, bearing a Guelphic crown above the Star of India within a voided strap inscribed with regimental title surrounded by a laurel wreath, all in white metal (whistle and chains missing); with its black leather pouch, the flap bearing initials 'BVR' in script; and companion waistbelt and sword-slings, with white metal snake-clasp
(4)

£300-400
266.    AN OFFICER'S UNIFORM OF THE MADRAS MEDICAL SERVICE CIRCA 1900 BY HOBSON & SONS, LEXINGTON STREET
Blue Full Dress tunic, edged with scarlet piping, with black velvet facings. Gold "Staff" lace to collar and pointed cuffs. Twisted gold shoulder-cords bearing Colonel's KC rank-badges. Richly-gilt buttons bearing QVC above star and circlet inscribed 'MADRAS MEDICAL SERVICE'. Label in lining to Lt Col W Molesworth; a mess jacket by same maker, with black velvet upright collar and cuffs, edged all round with gold lace, gilt studs to front and twisted shoulder-cords bearing KC in embroidery; companion scarlet waistcoat, with high collar, studs to front, and gold Russia edging and pocket-ornamentation; a blue double-breasted greatcoat with black velvet stand-and-fall collar and scarlet lining. Six buttons in each row in front, short belt and skirt-slashes to back and metal rank-badges to shoulder-straps (one button and some rank-badges missing, minor moth); a short blue cape with leather strap fastening to collar and four small gilt buttons to front; a black leather waistbelt with double stripe of gold embroidery, the outer element of the circular clasp bearing laurel leaves, the inner part mounted with QVC royal crest in white metal, the belt complete with matching sword-slings, and with rings for sabretache-slings (sabretache-slings not present); a companion black leather pouch belt with triple row of gold embroidery and ornate brass (originally gilt) buckle, tip and slide, companion folding pouch with gold-embroidered black leather flap bearing gilt 'VRI' in script below QVC (pocket missing); another pouch belt, similar to previous item, but with more substantial pouch, the flap mounted with the Imperial crown above 'VRI'; and a pair of khaki drill shoulder-straps, fitted with brass King's crowns.
(9)
£200-300
267.    OFFICERS' FULL DRESS UNIFORMS OF THE CHARKHARI ARMY 1931
double-breasted scarlet tunic by Ranken, Calcutta &c, named to Colonel DM Singh and dated 28/8/31. Dark green cloth facings and white piped edging, turned down collar edged with gold Russia braid, round cuffs with a double row of "Vellum" pattern lace, traced with Russia forming eyes above and an Austrian knot. Gilt buttons of exceptional quality, mounted with the Arms of Charkhari, to front and back-skirts. (Shoulder-cords absent, 4 buttons missing); another scarlet tunic, also by Ranken, named to Capt Govid Singh and dated 24/9/31, similar to previous item, but single-breasted with seven magnificent gilt buttons in front, mounted with the State Arms in white metal. Twisted gold shoulder-cords, fitted with Major's crowns in gilt metal; a pair of dark green cavalry twill overalls, with wide crimson stripe, to same owner; a scarlet tunic by Simpsons of 63 South Audley St, with upright blue collar, gauntlet cuffs, shoulder-straps and narrow plastron, all edged with gold Staff pattern lace. Brass buttons, bearing the Arms of Bahawlpur. The plastron bearing a coronet above letter 'A' reversed and intertwined, all in gold embroidery, rank-badges removed; and breeches of blue cloth, by same maker, dated 6/5/37, with double stripe of narrow gold lace on each side, showing a scarlet light between the rows (5)

The state of Charkhari, now part of Uttar Pradesh, was formed in 1765. It earned the gratitude of the British Raj by its support during the Indian Mutiny of 1857, but had no State Forces as such, its army consisting of one squadron of cavalry and a company of infantry. It has been suggested that the uniforms offered here were made for the Maharajah's ADCs on the occasion of his third marriage in 1931. His bride was the daughter of HH Sri Tin Mohun Shumshere Jung Bahadur Rana of Nepal, which might perhaps account for the turned-down collars on the tunics, a feature of contemporary Nepalese uniforms. £120-180
268.    AN INDIAN ARMY OFFICER'S MESS DRESS OF THE 8TH GURKHA RIFLES BY FLIGHTS 4 NEW BURLINGTON ST, LONDON
black cloth jacket with tailor's label named to Captain G Twiss, and dated 16/12/35 black velvet upright collar and cuffs, edged with black mohair braid, five loops of black cord each side in front, with two olivets on each loop, black braid figured decoration to collar and cuffs, shoulder-cords of plaited black chain-gimp (rank-stars absent); companion black waistcoat, edged with two rows of black gimp separated by a row of black Russia braid eyes; and a pair of black barathea overalls with wide black braid stripes
(3) £120-180
269.    AN INDIAN ARMY OFFICER'S SWORD OF THE BENGAL ARTILLERY BY HENRY WILKINSON, PALL MALL
with slightly-curved fullered blade etched with scrolling foliage, QVC, HEIC Lion, Thunderbolt, Gun between scrolls inscribed 'BENGAL ARTILLERY' and 'UBIQUE' (maker's serial number illegible), steel three-bar guard and wire-bound fishskin grip, in its steel scabbard (minor spotting to blade, discolouration to guard and scabbard)
82.5cm; 32 ½ in blade £120-180
270.    A COLLECTION OF MILITARY BADGES
Approximately 210 items, mainly ORs' metal cap-badges of British Army regiments, some anodised, mounted on boards

£200-300
271.    A VICTORIAN INFANTRY OFFICER'S LEVEE DRESS ACCOUTREMENTS CIRCA 1900
A fitted metal case containing a gold-laced waist belt and slings, the gilt clasp bearing the Royal Crest in white metal; gold and crimson striped shoulder-sash; a pair of brass swan-necked box-spurs; a pair of twisted gold shoulder-cords bearing Colonel's rank-badges in silver embroidery (one lacking button); and a pair of plaited and winged gold shoulder-cords with gilt buttons of the 12th Madras Regiment £80-120
272.    A VICTORIAN OFFICER'S DIRK BELT OF THE 91ST ( PRINCESS LOUISE'S ARGYLLSHIRE) HIGHLANDERS CIRCA 1870
brown leather 1 ½ in wide, probably for an auxiliary battalion, embroidered with silver thistles and edging. Three-part clasp formed of oblong burnished white metal plates with gilt metal mounts, the outer ones bearing the coronet and cypher of Princess Louise, the centre one with finely engraved borders and with 'NE OBLIVISCARIS' scroll above the Boar's Head and 'XCI'.
£120-180
273.    A COATEE AND WAISTCOAT OF THE LONDON SCOTTISH
the coatee to GLC Bell 1938 with the rank of corporal, complete with waistcoat £60-80
274.    A PAIR OF HOGSPEARS CIRCA 1900
Two-piece bamboo shafts with polished steel spikes of concave triangular cross-section, steel butts stamped 'FAW/FA/10.04', plaited leather collars below spikes, and leather carrying-slings.
199cm/78in overall, spikes 27cm/10 ½ in
(2)
£200-300
275.    GH ELVIN
INDIAN MUTINY
oil on canvas, signed in paint. Inscribed in an old label on reverse: "Indian Mutiny/General ? attacked by sepoys in the ? Pass, Delhi"
Depicting a mounted European officer in scarlet uniform, engaging a group of mutineers with his revolver. The dark blue uniforms of the enemy suggest that they are gunners rather than cavalrymen (unframed. Some damage)
40cm x 56cm;16in x 22in
£40-60
276.    JC STADLER
NATIVE TROOPS IN THE EAST INDIA COMPANY'S SERVICE
aquatint, London, Published March 1st 1815 by Colnaghi & Co, 23 Cockspur Street.
Depicting mounted sowars of the Governor General's Body Guard and the Bengal Regular Cavalry, with a sepoy of the Java Volunteers
33cm x 26cm;13in x 10in, in glazed frame

Note: This is No.51 of a series of 60 prints entitled Costume of the Army of the British Empire, according to the Last Regulations, 1812. The entire series was designed and drawn by Charles Hamilton Smith, described as an Officer on the Staff. £80-120
277.    RM BRYSON AFTER CAPTAIN GF ATKINSON
MUTINEERS SURPRISED BY HER MAJESTY'S 9TH LANCERS
aquatint, London. Published Day & Son, Lithographers to the Queen, Gate St, Lincoln's Inn Fields
Depicting a troop of lancers (incorrectly dressed in scarlet jackets) attacking a group of armed mutineers around a bullock cart
31cm x 45cm; 12in x 17 ½in £40-60
278.    A CONTINENTAL BREAST PLATE AND A HELMET, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY
the breastplate formed with a low medial ridge, studded around the border with low domed brass rivets, a pair of matching studs for shoulder straps, and the principle borders with brass edging, the helmet of black leather, fitted with a pair of lion mask bosses, brass peak, and leather chin-strap
the first: 45 cm; 17 3/4 in high

£200-300
279.    A MUGHAL INDIAN MAIL SHIRT, 18TH/19TH CENTURY
formed entirely of riveted oval rings of oval-section wire, with a square neck-opening, an overlapped fastening at the right of the chest secured by leather laces (replaced), sleeves extending to just below the level of the elbows, and a lower edge formed with a short split at its centre front and a projecting cusp at its centre rear (with some holing and losses at the edges, and patinated overall); and mounted on a fabric covered dummy supported on a circular base
85.0 cm; 33½ in

£400-600
280.    A SPEAR, 18TH/19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY INDIAN
with leaf-shaped head moulded at the base, tapering socket, on a wooden haft
46 cm; 18 1/8 in head £100-150
281.    A DETACHED BLADE FROM A HUNTING SWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY
with tapering blade double-edged towards the point, etched within a long fuller on each face with scenes from the chase including hounds in pursuit of boar in an enclosure, and the ricasso decorated with scrollwork (pitted)
50 cm; 19 3/4 in blade £100-150
282.    A LATE MEDIEVAL SWORD, FIRST HALF OF THE 15TH CENTURY
with sharply tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal section, with traces of a brass inlaid mark on each side of the forte, iron hilt comprising slightly arched quillons of circular section, faceted plummet-shaped pommel of Oakeshott type T, wooden grip with an early leather binding, and in unexcavated pitted condition, indicative of a tomb find
80.5cm; 31 3/4 in blade

Provenance
Sotheby's, London, 1st November 1983, lot 105

Literature
Ewart Oakeshott, Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge 1991, p. 224, illustrated.

A sword found in the River Thames and with a pommel and blade of similar type is preserved in the Royal Armouries, Leeds. See A. R. Dufty p. 15, plate 5a. £4000-5000
283.    A FINE LEFT-HAND DAGGER, 17TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY MILANESE
with tapering double-edged blade, almost certainly from a contemporary rapier, formed in three stages and tapering to a sharp point, the lower section cut with a pair of fullers on each face, etched and gilt with the inscription 'Fide Sed Ante/Vide Cui' and 'Veritatem Dilige' on a blued panel and decorated with further gold scrollwork and cabalistic letters, tapering ricasso decorated en suite with a classical warrior on one side and a vacant shield on the other, gilt iron hilt comprising a pair of faceted quillons tapering towards the terminals, ring-guard formed en suite, faceted pommel, later grip and retaining much original finish throughout
37 cm; 14 ½ in blade

Provenance
Sotheby's, New York, 23rd November 1988, lot 487
£1200-1800
284.    A NORTH EUROPEAN BROADSWORD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY, PROBABLY BRUNSWICK
with tapering double-edged blade of flattened-diamond section, iron hilt of rounded bars, comprising a pair of vertically recurved quillons with chequered barrel-shaped terminals, knuckle-guard interrupted by a further barrel-shaped moulding, large scalloped frontal-guard joined to the knuckle-guard by an s-shaped bar formed en suite, a single arm joined to the inner ring-guard, the latter incorporating a thumb-loop and joined to the knuckle-guard by a bifurcated bar, mushroom-shaped pommel cut with chequering en suite with the quillons (areas of pitting throughout), and later leather-covered grip
99 cm; 39 in blade
£1000-1500
285.    A NORTH EUROPEAN PAPPENHEIM RAPIER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with slender blade formed in two-stages (the tip shortened), the upper portion of flattened-hexagonal section and the lower cut with a series of slots and slipped circles within two narrow fullers, rectangular ricasso partly enclosed by an associated large gilt collar, iron hilt of flattened bars, comprising a pair of vertically recurved quillons swelling at the terminals, inner and outer ring-guards each filled with a pierced sprung-in plate (one replaced) and joined to the quillons by a further pair of bars, knuckle-guard interrupted by a moulding and joined to the rings by a single bar front and rear, a pair of arms, faceted plummet-shaped pommel, spirally moulded grip bound with plaited wire and 'Turk's heads' and with some early gilded finish throughout
98 cm; 38 ½ in blade

A sword of similar form is preserved in the Museo Poldi Pezzoli, Milan. See L. G. Boccia and E. T. Coelho 1975, no. 566, 567.
£2500-3500
286.    A 1796 PATTERN HEAVY CAVALRY TROOPER'S SWORD
of regulation type (blade shortened), iron hilt (langets removed, back-strap rivet missing, pitted), and banded grip
50cm; 19 3/4in blade
£100-150
287.    A GERMAN SPEAR, LATE 15TH/16TH CENTURY
with tapering blade of hollow-diamond section, and faceted socket, pierced at the base (pitted)
30 cm; 11 7/8 in overall

Provenance
Ewart Oakeshott £500-700
288.    AN AXE, 19TH CENTURY
of goose-wing form, with flattened inner face, the outer face stepped, stamped with a mark and with a flattened rear edge, and short socket
35 cm; 13 3/4in high

£200-300
289.    A PAIR OF VAMBRACES IN THE LATE 15TH CENTURY GERMAN STYLE, 20TH CENTURY; A PAIR OF POLEYNS IN THE EARLY 16TH CENTURY GERMAN STYLE, 20TH CENTURY; AND A QUANTITY OF FURTHER PIECES OF ARMOUR, 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES
the first formed in each case of an upper cannon and a large one-piece couter, both open at the rear and linked to one another by internal leathers, the former fitted at its upper edge with a turning-pin to connect it to a pauldron and decorated at its inside with three curved flutes, and the latter shaped to the point of the elbow and formed above and below it with rounded wings; the second formed in each case of three lames decorated with fluting in the 'Maximilian' fashion, the central and main lame shaped to the point of the knee and formed with a centrally-puckered wing decorated around its edge with a roped turn accompanied by a recessed border; the third comprising four pieces of armour and a large quantity of straps, rivets and washers of various designs £200-300
290.    A PAIR OF VAMBRACES IN THE EARLY 17TH CENTURY EUROPEAN STYLE, 19TH CENTURY; A FRAGMENT OF A BREASTPLATE OF ANIME CONSTRUCTION, PROBABLY EASTERN EUROPEAN, CIRCA 1600; A GERMAN SPAUDLER FOR THE LEFT SHOULDER, EARLY 17TH CENTURY; AND NINETEEN FURTHER PIECES OF ARMOUR, 16TH TO 20TH CENTURIES
the first formed in each case of a tubular upper cannon surmounted by a turner and articulated at its lower end by a winged bracelet couter of three lames to a tubular lower cannon opening at its front, the main edges of all parts formed with plain inward turns accompanied on the wing of the couter by a double recessed border, and decorated overall on a blued ground with gold-painted lines and scrolls (of which only traces remain; the remainder extensively oxidised); the second formed of two medially-ridge upward overlapping lames of notable thickness with strongly bevelled edges; the third, from an 'Almain' collar, formed of five downward-overlapping lames, extending down to just above the elbow, and retaining traces of a black from the hammer finish (now much rubbed)' and the fourth including parts of vambraces, faulds and tassets (some partly or wholly oxidised) £300-500
291.    A GERMAN HALBERD, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with forward leaning axe-blade pierced with three holes, robust central spike formed in two stages, rear fluke with reinforced tip, a pair of long straps, on an early wooden haft
51 cm; 20 1/8 in head £400-600
292.    A BILL, 17TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY WELSH
with curved blade formed with two short lugs at the rear (the central lug missing), moulded socket fitted with a pierced 'bird-cage' moulding, long tapering openwork socket, on a later wooden haft
77 cm; 30 1/2 in head

For a discussion of Welsh bills and glaives see C. Blair 1998, pp. 71-85.

£300-500
293.    A GERMAN HALBERD, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY
with forward leaning axe-blade, robust central spike of diamond section, rear pean formed with a scalloped moulding beneath, and a pair of straps (one broken), on a wooden haft
50 cm; 19 3/4 in head
£300-500
294.    AN ENGLISH OR FLEMISH CLOSE HELMET, EARLY 16TH CENTURY
with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low medial comb pierced at its apex with a small circular hole, and fitted at the nape, on a short projecting stem, with a radially-fluted roundel, 'sparrow's beak' visor and bevor attached to the skull by common pivots, the former pierced beneath its broad stepped vision-slit with circular ventilation-holes and fitted at its right side with a lifting-peg, and two gorget-plates front and rear, the lowest in each case formed with a plain angular inward turn accompanied by a recessed border (the upper and lower edges of the visor, the pivots, the lifting-peg , the roundel and the gorget-plates restored, the skull with minor perforations and internal patches at the nape and the forward end of the comb, and the whole moderately pitted overall)
32.5 cm; 12½ in

Provenance
Eric Valentine, New Moston, Manchester

Literature
Edward Perry, 'Some Exhibits from the Northern Branch Exhibition of 1963', Journal of the Arms and Armour Society, Vol. IV, no. 8, December 1963, p. 143, pl. XLI,A.

The helmet owes its survival to having been suspended over a knightly tomb in an English church as part of an heraldic achievement. Other helmets of this type are discussed and illustrated by G. Laking 1920, vol. 2, pp. 91-4, figs 445-6.
£5000-7000
295.    A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN INFANTRY ARMOUR, PARTLY NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1540-50
comprising burgonet with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low medial comb and fitted at the brow with a broad rounded pivoted peak, at the nape with a neck-guard of two lames and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (the skull that of an earlier close helmet, and the remainder restored), collar (originally of 'Almain' type), of three lames front and rear, the lowest front one struck with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg and the mark of the Vienna city arsenal (the lowest rear plate patched at its right corner), breastplate formed of a medially-ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets (the left restored), and at its flanged lower edge with a fauld of four lames, the lowest of which is cut over the crotch with a broad shallow notch and supports to either side of it, on replaced straps and buckles a pair of long tassets each of seven lames extending to just above the knee (the first in each case associated), one-piece backplate flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a culet of one lame (associated), and a pair of spaudlers each of seven lames (the second to sixth restored), extending to the elbows, the main edges of the armour formed with inward turns boldly roped, except in the case of the burgonet, and accompanied by recessed borders, and the subsidiary edges in part decorated with single incised lines (lightly patinated overall)

Provenance
Dr John F. Hayward, London, sold Sotheby's, London, 1 November 1983, lot 27 (collar, cuirass and tassets) £6000-8000
296.    A POLISH HUSSAR'S BREASTPLATE, EARLY 18TH CENTURY
of shot-proof weight, formed of a main plate and a waist-plate, both medially-ridged and joined to one another at each side by a large rounded-headed rivet, the main plate cut with a deep narrow neck-opening and deep arm-openings, each formed with outward-flanged edges bordered by round-headed lining rivets, the left of the plate struck with the proof-mark of a bullet, and its centre and sides pieced with rivet-holes probably for the attachment of decorative plaques, the deep waist-plate fitted at its left with a belt-hook, decorated at its bevelled upper edge with notching and formed at its lower edged with a short flange interrupted at its centre by a shallow notch and fitted with lining-rivets matching those of the main plate, the inside of the main plate struck at its lower edge with the crowned monogram AR, and the insides of both plates struck with matching construction marks formed of punched dots and incised Xs (lightly pitted overall with some deeper marks at points)
94.5 cm; 19½ in

The breastplate can be compared with one in the Polish Army Museum struck with the same crowned monogram and bearing the badge of the Radziwill Regiment (Zladis³aw ¯ygulski, Stara Broñ w Polskich Zbiorach, Warsaw. 1982, p. 38 pl. 25). The crowned AR presumably relates to either Augustus II (1697-1706) or Augustus III (1709-33) of Poland. £2000-3000
297.    THE SKULL OF A GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1540
formed in one piece with a broad rounded top and a short flange-like 'tail' at the nape, the edges of the tail and brow formed with plain outward turns, and each side cut away to receive a missing hinged cheek-piece, the proximal end of the right hinge surviving (heavily pitted and patinated overall with extensive perforations and losses)
16.0 cm; 6¼ in

Provenance
Groombridge Place, sold Sotheby's 16th September 1992, lot 586

The skull possibly reworked from an 'archers' sallet of about 1500. £400-600
298.    THE MAIN PLATE OF A FLEMISH PAULDRON FOR THE RIGHT SHOULDER, EARLY 16TH CENTURY
decorated at the top of its deep rear wing with a spray of three cascaded flutes and at the top of its truncated front wing with a step (heavily pitted and patinated overall with some losses and minor perforations)
15.8 cm; 6¼ in

Provenance
Believed to have come from the armoury of the Knights of St John at Rhodes, which fell to the Turks in 1522 (Karcheski & Richardson 2000).

A pair of pauldrons of similar design form part of an armour of about 1510-5 formerly in the Imperial Armoury in Vienna, and now in the Hungarian National Museum, Budapest, which bears the mark of the Brussels armourer Guillem Margot (Blair 1965, p.37, pl. XIV, a & b). Others are to be seen in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds.
£250-300
299.    A GERMAN COUTER FROM AN ALMAIN RIVET, EARLY 16TH CENTURY
gently shaped to the front and point of the elbow, narrowing towards its inside and fitted with straps and buckles (replaced) to connect it to the upper and lower cannons and fasten it around the arm (lightly pitted overall with some rust-spots)
5.0 cm; 6 in

The couter is from the characteristic 'splint' or arm-defence of a type of infantry armour known as an 'Almain rivet'. £200-250
300.    AN ITALIAN PLACKART IN THE GERMAN FASHION, LATE 15TH CENTURY
of medially-ridged, sub-triangular form, pierced at it's apex with a rivet-hole to articulate it to the breastplate proper and formed at its lower edge with a short flange similarly pieced to receive a fauld (heavily pitted and patinated overall with some losses and minor perforations, slightly trimmed at its upper edge and fitted with four riveted internal patches)
25.5 cm; 10 in

Provenance
Believed to have come from the armoury of the Knights of St John at Rhodes, which fell to the Turks in 1522.

Similar plackarts from the armoury at Rhodes are to be found in the Museum of the Order of St John, London, and the J. W. Higgins Armory Museum, Worcester, Massachussets (Karcheski & Richardson 2000, pp. 59-61).
£500-700
301.    A FINE GERMAN PLACKART, EARLY 17TH CENTURY
formed of a single medially ridged plate of shot-proof weight with scalloped sides and a shallow V-shaped waist-line, the edges of its neck-opening and arm-openings each finely file-roped and bordered by triple incised lines of which those at the neck arise from a medial band of similar lines, and each shoulder cut with a trapezoidal notch to receive a retaining strap formerly fitting over a radially-fluted stud riveted beneath it, and the whole retaining a blackened finish (now lightly pitted overall; holes at the upper edged neatly plugged perhaps in early working life)
49.5 cm; 19½ in
£1200-1600
302.    A LEFT GREAVE IN THE EARLY 16TH CENTURY ITALIAN STYLE, 19TH CENTURY
formed in two pieces joined by hinges at the outside and straps and buckles at the inside of the leg, the rear plate open at the inside, and both projecting downwards over the ankle-bone and shaped to it at the outside (moderately pitted overall)
44.0 cm; 17¼ in
£80-120
303.    A RARE ENGLISH FINGERED GAUNTLET FOR THE LEFT HAND, ALMOST CERTAINLY GREENWICH, CIRCA 1620-30
formed of a flared and obtusely pointed cuff with a short fixed inner plate, fitted distally with an inner wrist-plate that extends over the base of the thumb, five metacarpal-plates, the fourth of which is shaped to the outside of the thumb, a knuckle-plate shaped to the individual knuckles, and scaled finger and thumb-defences (the latter detached), the main edges of the cuff formed with plain inward turns, accompanied in the case of the upper one by a recessed border, the subsidiary edges decorated with double and single incised lines, and the whole with a blackened finish (somewhat pitted) enlivened by brass-capped lining and articulating-rivets
36.0 cm; 14¼ in

The gauntlet would have belonged to a cuirassier's armour similar to inv. no. II. 94 in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds £1200-1800
304.    A PAIR OF SOUTH GERMAN FINGERED GAUNTLETS, EARLY 17TH CENTURY
each formed of a flared and rounded cuff with a short fixed inner plate, two wrist-plates, four metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate, the lower end of which is shaped between the fingers, four scaled finger-defences and a scaled thumb-defence (restored) attached by a lateral leather hinge to the inner end of the third metacarpal-plate, the cuff formed at its upper edge with a file-roped inward turn and fitted at the inside of the wrist with a retaining strap and buckle (replaced), and painted black overall
36.0 cm; 14¼ in

£1200-1800
305.    A RARE WESTERN EUROPEAN 'GOTHIC' BREASTPLATE, POSSIBLY FLEMISH, LATE 15TH CENTURY
formed of a rounded main plate with angular outward turns at its neck and arm-openings, each decorated with a repeated pattern of paired notches, and three plugged holes at the right armpit formerly occupied by staples for the attachment of a lance-rest, a plackart of triangular form articulated to the main plate by a sliding-rivet at its apex and an internal leather at each side, and decorated medially with hollowed narrow keel and to either side of its upper edge with patterns of filed notches and nicks, and a fauld of one lame decorated medially with a rib en suite with that of the plackart (lightly patinated overall)
43.2 cm; 17 in


£6000-8000
306.    A RARE VENETIAN PARADE SHIELD MADE FOR THE BODYGUARD OF WOLF DIETRICH VON RAITENAU, PRINCE ARCHBISHOP OF SALZBURG, LATE 16TH CENTURY
of convex near-circular form, constructed of two-ply wood covered with leather, decorated on its front face within an outer border of foliage with a pattern of foliate interlace and flowerheads all tooled and previously lacquered gold over silver the ground of the main field (the lacquering almost entirely missing, very small traces of gold and silver remaining, the leather with small losses, the body with minor cracks), the rear retaining much original red and black paint, fitted with a leather arm-pad inscribed 'Claudio Ajanludo' (the second name unclear), a forward enarme and the remains of a rear enarme buckle and strap,
55.5cm; 21 7/8in wide

This shield is one of a series made in the time of Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau, Prince Archbishop of Salzburg (ruled 1587-1612). An inventory of 1669, now in the archives of the Städtisches Museum Salzburg, mentions 398 gilded and painted shields. Some seventy of these shields are still to be found in the Carolina-Augusteum Museum Salzburg.

When Salzburg was occupied by the Bavarian troops in 1809 a number of these shields were transferred to the main Zeughaus at Munich and sold from there after the First World War.

Other examples of this distinctive group of shields are to be found in the Metropolitan Museum of Art New York (Acc. No. 29.158.586) the Philadelphia Museum of Art the Art Institute of Chicago the Wallace Collection London the Historisches Museum Dresden (Inv. No. N1) and Schloss Vaduz Liechtenstein (cat. no. 871 & 881). Another was in the collection of Lord Astor of Hever (sold Sotheby s London 5 May 1983 Lot 29). Two examples have been sold in these rooms, 8th December 2010, lot 126 and 27th June 2012, lot 403.

The fashion for Turkish-style arms is recorded in Europe as early as the middle years of the 16th Century. King Philip II had a Turkish bodyguard for his entry into Milan in 1548. The influence of Turkish taste is evident in both the style and technique of decoration of the Salzburg shields which has its origins in Turkish bookbindings of the period. During the 16th century Venice had its own leatherworkers guild and many bookbindings as well as helmets shields and quivers were made in this manner.

For a contemporary discussion on the Venetian technique of varnishing and gilding see Leonardo Fioravanti Compendio de Secreti Nationali Venice 1562 and Tommaso Garzoni La Piazza universale di tutte le professioni del mondo Nuovamente ristampata posta in luce da Thomaso Garzoni da Bagnacauallo con l aggiunta d alcune bellissime annotationi a discorso per discorso Venice 1589. See E.J. Grube 2007 pp. 231-251.

Related shields of this type but not part of the Salzburg contract are preserved in the armoury of the Palazzo Ducale Venice. See U. Franzoi 1990 pp. 82-3.
£8000-12000
307.    A FINE NORTH GERMAN COLLAR WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5
formed of four lames front and rear, the lowest of which is deeper than the rest and the first of which is formed at its upper edge with a bold file-roped inward turn, the two sections joined at the left by a hinge and fastened at the right by studs and holes, each side of the lowest plates pierced with holes for the attachment of spaudlers, the front and rear sections each finely etched in three diverging vertical bands of scrolling foliage inhabited by the nude figures of Adam and Eve, and in borders at their upper and lower edges with similar foliage inhabited by birds, serpents and various winged devices, all on a stippled and blackened ground (the lowest rear plate patched at the top of the left shoulder)
20.5 cm; 8 in

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg

£1500-2000
308.    THE LOWEST REAR PLATE OF A NORTH GERMAN COLLAR WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5
of sub-rectangular form, shaped to the base of the neck and the tops of the shoulders, pierced at each side with holes for the attachment of spaudlers, and finely etched in three diverging vertical bands of scrolling foliage involving in the central one a winged female nude and in the lateral ones cornucopia, and in border of its lower edge with similar foliage involving a winged sphere and serpents, all on a stippled and blackened ground (extensively patinated overall and the etching worn)
15.0 cm; 6 in

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg


£600-800
309.    A NORTH GERMAN COLLAR WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5
formed of four lames front and rear, the lowest of which is deeper than the rest and the first of which is formed at its upper edge with a bold file-roped inward turn, the two sections joined at the left by a hinge and fastened at the right by studs and holes, each side of the lowest rear plate pierced with holes for the attachment of spaudlers, the front and rear sections each finely etched in three diverging vertical bands of scrolling foliage inhabited by nude figures, and in borders at their upper and lower edges with similar foliage inhabited in the case of the lower one by hares, hounds and serpents, all on a stippled and blackened ground (the etching worn at the front and top rear; some later holes pierced in the lowest rear plate at the top of each shoulder, the forepart possibly associated)
18.2 cm; 7¼ in

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg

£1200-1800
310.    A NORTH GERMAN COLLAR, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-70
formed of four lames front and rear, the lowest of which is deeper than the rest and the first of which is formed at its upper edge with a bold file-roped inward turn, the two sections joined at the left by a hinge and fastened at the right by studs and holes, and each side of the lowest plates pierced with holes for the attachment of spaudlers (the lowest rear plate pierced with several later holes at the top of each shoulder and patched at the top of the right one)
18.9 cm; 7½ in

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg


£1000-1500
311.    A FINE NORTH GERMAN VAMBRACE FOR THE LEFT ARM WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5
of fully articulated construction, comprising tubular upper and lower cannons, each formed with a longitudinal ridge at the outside of the arm, the former surmounted by a turner of three lames fitted at the inside of its lowest lame with a later staple to accommodate the strap of an overlying pauldron, the lower cannon formerly opening at the front but now closed by a later rivet, and a couter with a small flat leaf-shaped wing, enclosed at the inside of the elbow by a series of twelve lames and embossed at its point with a quatrefoil, the main edges of the vambrace formed with roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders enclosed to the inside by a pair of narrow grooves, and finely etched with bands and borders of running foliage involving a female in contemporary dress, a female herm, snakes issuing from a cornucopia, a crane, lions' masks, a bull's-head, hounds and hares, all on a stippled and blackened ground, the lames at the inside of the elbow etched with narrow bands of guilloche(the etching worn at inside of the lower cannon)
49.4 cm; 19½ in

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg

Several vambraces of this enclosed form were at one time to be found in the armoury of the Dukes of Brunswick (R. Bohlman,'Die Braunschweigischen Waffen auf Schloss Blankenburg' Z.H.W.K.,Vol. VI, 1915, nos 8 & 9, figs 22 & 28; Arms, Armour & Militaria lent by H.R.H. The Duke of Brunswick, Armouries of the Tower of London, 1952,nos 12 & 33, pl. IV; and Sotheby's, Schloss Marienburg, 5 Oct 2005, lots 285 & 305). Vambraces of a similar form can be recorded as parts of two Brunswick armours in the Hofjagd- und Rüstkammer, Vienna, inv. nos A 691 & A 1185,respectively made for Johann von Ranzau about 1559 and the Archduke Karl II of Styria about 1565 (Gamber & Beaufort 1990, pp. 105 & 108, pls 71-2)

£1200-1800
312.    A FINE NORTH GERMAN VAMBRACE FOR THE LEFT ARM WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5
of fully articulated construction, comprising tubular upper and lower cannons, each formed with a longitudinal ridge at the outside of the arm, the former surmounted by a turner of three lames fitted at the front of its lowest lame with a later staple to accommodate the strap of an overlying pauldron, the lower cannon, with a slightly V-shaped lower edge, formerly opening at the front but now closed by a later pair of rivets, and a couter with a small flat leaf-shaped wing, enclosed at the inside of the elbow by a series of sixteen lames (the top one restored) and embossed at its point with a quatrefoil, the main edges of the vambrace formed with roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders enclosed to the inside by a pair of narrow grooves, and finely etched with bands and borders of running foliage involving masks, dolphins and birds, all on a stippled and blackened ground (the etching worn in parts)
51.0 cm; 20 in

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg
£1100-1700
313.    A FINE NORTH GERMAN VAMBRACE FOR THE LEFT ARM WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5
of fully articulated construction, comprising tubular upper and lower cannons, each formed with a longitudinal ridge at the outside of the arm, the former surmounted by a turner of three lames, the latter, with a markedly V-shaped lower edge, opening at the front, and a couter with a small flat leaf-shaped wing, enclosed at the inside of the elbow by a series of eleven associated lames and embossed at its point with a quatrefoil, the main edges of the vambrace formed with roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders enclosed to the inside by a pair of narrow grooves, and finely etched with bands and borders of running foliage involving a female in contemporary dress, a male herm, a male bust, a bull's-head and lions' masks, all on a stippled and blackened ground, the lames at the inside of the elbow etched with narrow bands of guilloche (pierced at points with later holes, and the etching partly worn)
49.7 cm; 19½ in

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg


£1000-1500
314.    A NORTH GERMAN MITTEN-GAUNTLET FOR THE RIGHT HAND WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5
formed of a long flared and pointed cuff lacking its hinged inner plate, formed at its upper edge with a file-roped inward turn and fitted at its lower end with five metacarpal-plates (the first four associated), an associated knuckle-plate formed with a file-roped transverse rib, four shaped finger-plates and an associated thumb-defence of four scales (restored) attached to the lowest metacarpal-plate by a lateral hinge, the whole finely etched with bands and borders of running foliage involving a female in contemporary dress and hares and hounds, all on a stippled and blackened ground, and enclosed in each case by narrower bands of pellets or repeated fleurs-de-lis, the edges of the metacarpal and finger-lames etched with narrow bands of guilloche except for the last of the latter which terminates over each finger with a flower-head (the lower ends of the cuff and the last metacarpal-plate patched; the first four metacarpal-plates bearing later etching)
35.2 cm; 14 in

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg

£800-1200
315.    A NORTH GERMAN MITTEN-GAUNTLET FOR THE RIGHT HAND WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5
formed of a flared and pointed tubular cuff with an associated hinged inner plate, its upper edge formed with a file-roped inward turn, its outer plate decorated over the ulna with a small almond-shaped boss and fitted at its lower end with five metacarpal-plates, an associated knuckle-plate formed with a file-roped transverse rib, four shaped finger-plates and a thumb-defence of four scales (restored) attached to the lowest metacarpal-plate by a lateral hinge, the whole etched with bands and borders of running foliage involving a wildman holding a sword and winged cherub's heads, all on a stippled and blackened ground, the edges of the finger-lames etched with narrow bands of guilloche, except for the last which terminates over each finger with a flower-head (pierced at points with later holes, the etching extensively worn and that of the inner plate of the cuff restored)
34.0 cm; 13½ in

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg

£800-1000
316.    A NORTH GERMAN MITTEN-GAUNTLET FOR THE LEFT HAND WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5
formed of a flared and pointed tubular cuff with an associated hinged inner plate, its upper edge formed with a file-roped inward turn, its outer plate decorated over the ulna with a small almond-shaped boss and fitted at its lower end with five metacarpal-plates, an associated knuckle-plate formed with a file-roped transverse rib, four shaped finger-plates and an associated thumb-defence of four scales (the last three probably restored) attached to the lowest metacarpal-plate by a lateral hinge, the whole finely etched with bands and borders of running foliage involving a female in contemporary dress, serpents and winged masks, all on a stippled and blackened ground, the edges of the finger-lames etched with narrow bands of guilloche, except for the last which terminates over each finger with a flower-head (pierced at points with later holes, the etching partly worn and that of the cuff possibly restored)
33.0 cm; 13 in

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg
£800-1000
317.    A FRAGMENT OF A NORTH ITALIAN TOURNEY GAUNTLET WITH ETCHED DECORATION, PROBABLY MILANESE, CIRCA 1580
formed of its final metacarpal-plate and first finger-plate, each boxed at its lateral edges and the second shaped to the individual knuckles and fingers and formed with a projecting flange at its inner end, the surfaces of both etched in three longitudinal bands with trophies of arms between narrower bands of running foliage, all on a blackened ground (one knuckle with a slight crack and another with a small brazed repair)
34.0 cm; 4 in

£300-500
318.    A NORTH GERMAN LONG TASSET FOR THE RIGHT THIGH WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5
formed of seven medially-ridged lames divisible between the fourth and fifth, the lowest longer than the rest and terminating in a rounded lower edge, the inner and lower edges of the tasset formed with a file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders enclosed to the inside by a pair of narrow grooves, the latter rising at the centre of the lower edge to a small cusp, the whole etched in a medial band and in its borders with running foliage involving a mask and other indistinct devices, all on a stippled and blackened ground (all lames presently articulated to one another by screws, some pierced with later holes, the whole much patinated, rubbed and chemically cleaned)
41.0 cm; 16 in

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg

£400-600
319.    A NORTH GERMAN FAULD WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1550; AND THE LOWER PART OF A NORTH GERMAN CULET WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1550
the first formed of three upward-overlapping lames, originally divisible between the second and third, the latter cut over the crotch with a shallow arch formed at its edge with a roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border enclosed to the inside by a narrow groove, finely etched in the border and in three broad divergent vertical bands with running foliage involving serpents, cornucopias, fruits and a flower-head, all on a stippled and blackened ground (all lames presently articulated to one another by screws, the lowest pierced with some later holes); and the second formed of a single lamed with a chevron-shaped notch at the centre of its lower edge, decorated en suite with the first and probably belonging to the same armour
30.0 cm; 15¼ in / 37.0 cm; 14½ in
(2)

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg

£800-1000
320.    THE UPPER CANON OF A NORTH GERMAN VAMBRACE FOR THE LEFT ARM WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5; AND ANOTHER SIMILAR, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5
the first of tubular form, cut away at the inside of the elbow and surmounted by a turner of three lames, the lowest formed at its base with a roped rib and the uppermost (associated) rising to a convex edge fitted at its apex with a later buff-leather suspension-tab, the main edge of the turner formed with a roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border enclosed to the inside by a pair of narrow grooves, the inner one etched with pellets, the remainder etched either on a plain blackened ground or a stippled and blackened one with bands of foliate arabesque interlace or running foliage inhabited by a man in contemporary costume and a winged cherub's head (pierced with a few later holes and showing wear and light patination overall; the second similar to the first but having no external rib at the base of its turner and no suspension-tab at its apex, its etched decoration executed on a stippled and blackened ground throughout and involving a male herm, bulls' heads, lions' masks and a winged cherub's head (all lames presently articulated to one another by screws, and the second lame of the turner patched at its right end)
22.0 cm; 8¾ in: 20.0 cm; 8 in
(2)

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg

£500-700
321.    A NORTH GERMAN SPAUDLER FOR THE RIGHT SHOULDER WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1550; AND ANOTHER SIMILAR FOR THE LEFT SHOULDER IN THE BRUNSWICK STYLE OF CIRCA 1550, 19TH CENTURY, MADE AS A PAIR TO THE FIRST
the first from an 'Almain' collar, formed of nine medially-ridged lames of which the second is formed with a short step in its front edge and last is deeper than the rest and formed at its lower edge with a roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border enclosed to the inside by a narrow groove, the whole decorated with bands and borders of foliage involving a serpent and male bust, all on a stippled and blackened ground (all lames presently articulated to one another by screws, the whole patinated, worn and chemically cleaned); the second of the same form as the first but undecorated (the whole patinated and chemically cleaned)
31.7 cm; 12½ in / 31.5 cm; 12½ in
(2)

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg
£350-550
322.    THE LOWEST LAME OF A NORTH GERMAN TASSET FOR THE RIGHT THIGH, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5; ANOTHER SIMILAR, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5, AND A FRAGMENT OF A NORTH GERMAN SPAUDLER FOR THE RIGHT SHOULDER, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5
the first with a convex lower edge, formed around its main edge with a roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border enclosed to the inside by a pair of narrow grooves, the inner one etched with pellets, and the medial band and borders of the whole finely etched with running foliage involving a male herm, a lion's mask and hounds, all on a stippled and blackened ground; the second similar to the first but pieced to either side of its lower end with a hole for a stud, the right still surviving, for the attachment of a series of extension-lames, and including in its decoration hares; the third formed of two downward overlapping lames etched in its medial band and lateral borders with running foliage, involving hares on a stippled and blackened ground (the lames connected by screws)
(3)

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg

£400-600
323.    THE LOWEST LAME OF A NORTH GERMAN TASSET FOR THE LEFT THIGH WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5; THE UPPERMOST LAME OF A NORTH GERMAN TASSET-EXTENSION WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5, TWO SINGLE LAMES OF A NORTH GERMAN SPAUDLER WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5; AND A PAIR OF LAMES FROM THE LOWER END OF A NORTH EUROPEAN RIGHT PAULDRON, CIRCA 1600
the first fitted to either side of its convex lower edge with a pierced stud for the attachment of a series of extension-lames, formed around its main edges with inward turns, partly roped and partly plain, and finely etched in bands and borders with running foliage inhabited by a lion's mask and hounds, all on a stippled and blackened ground; the second pierced to either side of its upper edge with an oval hole to accommodate a pierced stud, and to the inside of it with a smaller hole for an associated swivel-hook, and etched with bands and borders of running foliage involving a female nude holding a flaming amphora, arabesque interlace and pellets all executed in a similar manner to the first; the third, for the left and right shoulders respectively, in each case decorated with bands and borders of etching (one painted black and the other much worn); and the fourth respectively decorated at their lower edges with a pair of incised lines accompanied by a linear wave-like pattern (some articulating holes showing brazed repairs)
(5)

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg

£250-350
324.    A NORTH GERMAN SPAUDLER FOR THE RIGHT SHOULDER WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5; ANOTHER SIMILAR FOR THE LEFT SHOULDER, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5; AND THE LOWER PARTS OF A PAIR OF NORTH GERMAN SPAUDLER WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5
the first from an 'Almain' collar, formed of seven medially-ridged lames of which the last is deeper than the rest, pieced at its front with a slot to receive a strap and formed at its lower edge with a roped inward turn (chipped) accompanied by a recessed border enclosed to the inside by a pair of narrow grooves, the inner one etched with pellets, the remainder etched with bands and borders of foliage involving various indistinct subjects (all lames presently articulated to one another by screws, the whole patinated, worn and chemically cleaned); the second similar to the first but for the left shoulder; the third similar to the first two but consisting only of its lowest five lames, the etched decoration of which involving male figures in contemporary dress (all lames presently articulated to one another by screws, some pierced with later holes, the left patched at the outer end of its lowest lame) each much patinated, and showing some wear and chemical cleaning)
30.0 cm; 11¾ in / 31.5 cm; 12½ in / 19.8 cm; 7¾ in
(4)

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg

£1000-1600
325.    A NORTH GERMAN FAULD, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-70; A FURTHER TWO SIMILAR, CIRCA 1560-70, AND THE LOWEST LAME OF ANOTHER, CIRCA 1560-70
the first formed of two upward-overlapping lames of which the uppermost is pierced to either side with an oval hole to accommodate a pierced stud, and to the inside of it with a smaller hole for an associated swivel-hook, the left one still present, and the second lame fitted to either side of its upper edge with two (originally three) brass-capped rivets and brass rosette washers, and finished at its lower edge with a roped inward turn slightly arched over the crotch where it is bordered by a pair of grooves (oxidised overall); the second in each case of similar construction to the first but lacking any fittings and decorated with three recessed vertical bands on a formerly black-from-the-hammer ground (the lames presently articulated to one another by screws, and lightly patinated overall); and the third similar to the lowest lames of the second but with a keyhole slot at each end of its upper edge and undecorated (lightly patinated overall)
(4)

Provenance
The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel
Schloss Marienburg

£400-600
326.    **A SOUTH GERMAN COMB-MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY WITH LATER EMBOSSED DECORATION
formed in two pieces with a rounded crown joined medially along the crest of a high comb, and an integral brim turned down at each side and rising slightly to an acute point front and rear, its edge formed with a plain inward turn and the base of the crown pierced at the nape with a pair of holes for the attachment of a plume tube and encircled by fourteen holes for lining-rivets, each side of the crown later decorated with a double-headed Imperial eagle bearing on its breast an escutcheon charged with a fess, representing the Austrian Bindenschild (the brim repaired with two riveted internal patches and the whole showing some bruising, delamination and overall chemical cleaning)
23.5 cm; 9¼ in

£400-600
327.    AN ITALIAN OR FLEMISH INFANTRY BREASTPLATE FROM THE ARMOURY OF WILLIAM HERBERT, FIRST EARL OF PEMBROKE, CIRCA 1550-5
of early 'peascod' fashion, formed of a main plate with a deep semi-circular neck-opening, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets each pieced within early working-life with stitch-holes, and two upward-overlapping waist-lames the lowest of which is formed with a narrow flange and bears on its inner face a label, the main edges of the breastplate formed with boldly roped inward turns, and its subsidiary edges with pairs of incised lines (lightly patinated overall)
10.1 cm; 13½ in

Provenance
The armoury of the Earls of Pembroke, Wilton House, Wiltshire (sold Sotheby's 14 June 1923)

£3000-5000
328.    A GERMAN COLLAR, EARLY 17TH CENTURY
formed of a single lame front and rear, each with a low upstanding flange at the neck, the front plate extending down to the bottom of the chest and fitted at its centre with a brass badge cast in relief with a pair of confronted and entwined sea-monsters beneath a crown, and the main edges of both plates formed with finely-roped inward turns accompanied by a recessed border projecting inwards at points as cusps, each terminating in a trio of decorative rivets
17.2 cm; 6¾ in

£1800-2400
329.    A MINIATURE ARMOUR IN LATE GOTHIC STYLE, LATE 19TH CENTURY
including etched close helmet with vertically slotted visor, cuirass embossed with a pattern of radiating panels at the base, a pair of pendant tassets, full leg defences with pointed sabatons, a pair of full arm defences with fingered gauntlets, mounted on a wooden stand, the legs covered with leather, and complete with a sword
43.5 cm; 17 1/8 in high

£500-800
330.    AN ETCHED TASSET IN ITALIAN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE
formed in one piece, with turned lower edge, the outer surface etched with horizontal hatched bands and foliage, a central vertical panel with trophies and masks in the so-called Pisan manner, and fitted at the top with three buckles for suspension from the skirt lame
19.5 cm; 7 3/4 in high
£200-300
331.    A RARE MEXICAN STIRRUP OF SO-CALLED CONQUISTADOR TYPE, LATE 17TH CENTURY/EARLY 18TH CENTURY
of characteristic T-shaped form, decorated throughout with chiselled patterns of scrolling foliage inhabited by exotic beasts pursued by hounds, fitted at the top with a loop for suspension, and the base of the panels joined by a writhen bar, painted with a red inventory number '59685'
38cm; 15in

A pair of highly decorated stirrups of this type, formerly preserved in the John Woodman Higgins Armory Collection, were sold in these rooms, 20th March 2013, lot 366.
£3000-5000
332.    Angelucci, Angelo, Catalogo della Armeria Reale, Tipografia editirice G. Candeletti, 1890; Boccia, Lionello Giorgio, L'Armeria del Museo Civico Medievale di Bologna, Bramante Editrice, 1991; Boccia, Lionello Giorgio, Nove Secoli di Armi da Caccia, Editrice Edam, 1967; Boccia, Lionello Giorgio, Tesori d'arte nella terra dei Gonzaga, Electa Editrice, 1974; Boccia, Lionello Giorgio, L'Oploteca nel Museo Nazionale di Ravenna Tre Secoli di armi Antiche, Longo Editore, 1989; Calamandrei, Cesare, Armi Antiche a Gardone mostra inauguarale del Museo delle Armi e della Tradizione Armiera di Gardone Val Trompia, Fondazione Negri, 2007; Reale, Armeria , Guida Ufficiale della Reale Armeria Di Torino, Ripografia del giornale, 1923; Rossi, Filippo, Mostra delle armi Antiche in Palazzo Vecchio, Tipocalcografia Classica, 1938; Soprintendenze Alle Gallerie - Museo di Palazzo Venexia: Le Armi Odescalchi, Fratelli Palombi, 1976 £150-250
333.    Anglo, Sydney, Spectacle Pageantry and early Tudor Policy, Clarendon Press, 1969; Bottomley, Andrew, Antique Arms & Armour, Mail Order Cat. 7; Holmes, M.R., Arms & Armour in Tudor & Stuart London, William Clowes & sons Ltd, 1957; Hooper, Bennett, Nicholas and Matthew, Warfare - The Middle Ages 687 - 1487, Cambridge University Press, 1996; Lockhart (ED), Matthew A., Catalogue: A publication of the South Carolina Historical Society, South Carolina Historical Society, 2003; Marquardt, Klaus, Eight Centuries of European Knives, Forks and Spoons: An art collection, Arnoldsche, 1997; Richter, Holger , Die Hornbogenarmbrust, Angelika Hörnung, 2006; Sargeaunt, B.E , Weapons, Hugh Rees Ltd, 1908; Various Authors, A List of Books and Photographs in The National Art Library illustrating Armour and Weapons, G.E.B Eyre and William Spottiswoode, 1883; Various Authors, The Magazine of Art - Spare pages 1889 (5 sheets), 1890 (5 sheets), 1892 (4 sheets), 1898 (5 sheets), Cassell & Company ltd; Various Authors, Church Monuments: Journal of the Church Monuments Society Vol XXIII, Henry Ling Ltd Dorset Press, 2008; Portable Antiquities Scheme Annual Report 2004/5, dcms; Iron and Steel on the European Market in the 17th Century, The Historical Metallurgy Group of the Swedish Ironmasters' Association, 1982 £30-50
334.    Arms and Armour at Sandringham, The Indian Collection Presented by The Princes, Chiefs and Nobles of India to His Majesty King Edward VII on the Occasion of His Visit to India in 1875-1876; Also some Asiatic, African and European Weapons and War-Relics, W. Griggs & Sons Ltd., 1910 with 35 illustrated pages, some scuffing on the edges and spine, some pages detached
£100-150
335.    Bashford, Dean, Catalogue of European Arms and Armour, Met and the New Era Printing Company, 1905; Bashford, Dean, Collection of Arms and Armor including the William H. Riggs Donation, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1915; Bashford, Dean, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Arms and Armor, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1911; Belous (ed), Russell, A distinguished Collection of Arms and Armor, The Ward Richie Press, 1968; Levkoff , Mary L., Hearst The Collector, Abrams`, 2008; A Miscellany of Arms and Armor presented by fellow members of the armor and arms club to Bashford Dean in honor of his sixtieth Birthday, William Edwin Rudge, New York, 1927 £80-120
336.    Beard, Charles R., The Barberini Armour, Tulmin and Sons, 1924; Boccia, Lionello Giorgio, Museo Bardini - Le Armi, Centro Di, 1984; Boccia, Lionello Giorgio, Figure Guerriere nei metalli Carrand e Ressman, Museo Nazionale del Bargello - S.P.E.S., 1988; Boccia, Lionello Giorgio, Armi d'attacco, da difesa e da fuoco, Franco Cosimo Panini, 1996; Boccia and Godoy, Lionello Giorgio and A., Ferro e Fuoco - Le armi antiche dei castelli trentini, Museo Storico Italiano della Guerra ONLUS, 1999; Boccia and Scalini, Lionello G. and Mario, Guerre e Assoldati in Toscany 1260-1364, S.P.E.S Florence, 1982; Callegher, Bruno, Per Homeni d'Arme Stradioti e Cerne La Collezione d'armi antiche del Museo Bottacin, Il Poligrafo, 2002; de la Fragua, Jose M., Guia Breve Museo Militar y Castillo de Montjuich, Barcelona, 1970; Fioroni , Maria , Armi Bianche Del Museo Fioroni, Linotipia Veronese Ghidini Fiorini , 1965 ; Franzoi , Umberto, L'armeria del Palazzo Ducale A Venezia, Canova, 1990; Hayward, John , L'Armeria del Castello di Monselice, Neri Pozza, 1980; Hoepli, Manuali, Guida del Raccoglitore e Dell'Amatore di Armi Antiche con ccccxxxii disegni di l. Pasini e xxii tavole , Libraio della real casa Milano, 1900; Morazzoni, Joseph, Maioliche e Armi antiche di Legnago, Associazione Amatori Armi Antiche, 1950; Natta-Soleri, Raffaele, Notiziario dell'accademia di s. Marciano Armi Antiche, Vessillogogia, uniformologia, arte e storia militare, 1968; Nebbia, Ugo, Le Sale D'Armi del consiglio dei dieci nel palazzo Ducale di Venezia, Instituto Italiano D'arti Grafiche, 1923; Pinti, Paolo, Armi e Arte, Linea Grafica, 1997; Posio, Vannozzo, Pisanello E L'Arte delle Armature nel Rinascimento , Casa del Mantegna, 1996; Probst Susanne E. L., Sproni, Morsi e Staffe, Franco Cosimo Panini, 1993; Puricelli-Guerra, Arturo, Elite: Le arti e gli stili in ogni tempo e paese- Armi in Occidente, Fratelli Fabbri Editori, 1966; Rossi, Di Carpegna, Francesco and Nolfo, Armi Antiche dal Museo civico L. Marzoli, Bramante Editrice, 1969; Scalini, Mario, Capolavori a Sbalzo per I Medici: Cellini e Altri Maestri, Medicea Arnaud, 1992; Terenzi, Marcello, Mostra di Armi Antiche, Alinari Baglioni, 1967; Terenzi, Marcello, Mostra delle Armi da Fuoco Anghiaresi e dell'Appennino Tosco-Emiliano, Stabilimento arti grafiche, 1968; Vallechi, Attilo (ed), Armi, Editoriale Olimpia, 1987; Various Authors, L'elmo lucente - Dal XV al XIX secolo nella Collezione Odescalchi, Museo Nazionale del Palazzo di Venezia, 2004; Mostra delle Armi Antiche e Moderne , F. Apollonio e C., 1954 £100-150
337.    Belleval, René De, Du Costume Militaire Des Français En 1446, Aubry, 1866 with 7 illustrated pages, with pasted bookplates: Ex Libris Claude Blair and Wallace Collection Library, in fine condition £40-60
338.    Bruhn Hoffmeyer, Ada, Middelalderens Tveeggede Svaerd - Vol I, Udgivet af Tojhusmuseet, 1954; Bruhn Hoffmeyer, Ada, Middelalderens Tveeggede Svaerd - Vol II, Udgivet af Tojhusmuseet, 1954; Ellehauge, Martin, The Spear traced through its post-Roman Development, Olaf Moller, 1948; Ellehauge, Martin, Certain Phases in the Origin and Development of The Glaive, Nordlundes Bogtrykkeri, 1945; Eriksen, Thegel, Egon and Svend, Conservation of Iron recovered from the Sea, Nordlundes Bogtykkeri, 1966; Hoffmeyer, Ada Bruhn, Gammelt Jern: E. A. Christensens Våbensamling, Våbenhistorisk Selskab, 1968; Melikian - Chirvani, A.S., Hautes Etudes Islamiques et Orientales D'Histoire Comparée IV Le Monde Iranien et L'Islam, Librairie Droz, 1971; Seitz, Heribert, Bardisanen, Broderna Lagerstroms Forlag, 1943; Seitz, Heribert, Svardet Och Varjan som armevapen, Horsta Forlag AB, 1955; Various Authors, Four Studies on History of Arms, Tojhusmuseum Nordlundes Bogtrykkeri, 1963 £100-150
339.    Bruhn Hoffmeyer, Ada, Arms & Armour in Spain II a Short Survey, Instituto de estudios sobre Armas Antiguas, 1982 ; Cortes, Javier, Guia Ilustrada de la Real Armeria de Madrid, Blass S.A., 1950; Cortes, Javier, La Real Armeria de Madrid, Editorial Patrimonio Nacional, 1963; Hoffmeyer, Ada Bruhn , Arms and Armour in Spain: A Short Survey, Artes Graficas Benzal, 1972; Soler del Campo, Alvaro, La Evolucion del Armamento Medieval en el Reino Castellano - Leones Y Al-Andalus (Siglos XII-VIV), Servicio de Publicaciones del EME, 1993; Soler del Campo, Alvaro, Catalogo de arcabuceria madrilena (1687-1833), Patrimonio Nacional, 1999 £80-120
340.    Caruana, Adrian B., Tudor Artillery 1485-1603, Museum Restoration Service, New York, 1992; Chown , Captain John D., The 9-Pdr Muzzle Loading Rifle, Museum Restoration service, Ontario, 1967; Ffoulkes, Charles, The Gun Founders of England, Cambridge University Press, 1937; Fitzsimons (ed), Bernard, The Big Guns Artillery 1914-1918, Phoebus, 1973; Goetz, Dorothea, Die Anfange der Artillerie, Militarverlag, 1985; Holmes, Reg, The Cannon on the Green, Mann's Fordham Printers; Meyerson, Ake, Laderkanonen fran Tido, Bokforlags Aktiebolaget Thule, 1938; Muller, John, A Treatise of Artillery 1780, John Miller, 1780; Munday, John, Naval Cannon, Shire Publications Ltd, 1987; Wahl, Toppel, Paul and Donald, The Gatling Gun, Herbert Jenkins Ltd, 1965; Wilkinson-Latham, Robert J., Discovering Artillery, Shire Publications Ltd, 1972; Champlain Cannon Works, New York ; The Story of Carron Company , Falkirk, London, 1959; Proceedings of the Royal Artillery Institution, Messrs Dulau & co., London, 1898; Artillery Training Vol III, Keliher, Hudson & Kearns Ltd , London, 1943; Artillery Training Vol I, Keliher, Hudson & Kearns Ltd, London, 1943 £40-60
341.    Catalogue of the Collection of Indian Arms and Objects of Art, Presented by the Princes and Nobles of India to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales K.G., K.T., K.P., G.C.B., G.C.S.I., &c. on the occasion of his Visit to India in 1875-1876. Now in the India Room at Marlborough House, W. Griggs 1898 with 31 illustrated pages, some scuffing on the edges and spine £100-150
342.    Clayton, Peter (ed), Seanby Coin & Metal Bulletin, B.A. Seaby, 1990; Daehnhardt, Rainer, Coleccionar Armas Antigas, 1970; Daehnhardt, Rainer, Coleccionar Armas Antigas Vol I, 1970; Ricketts, Howard, Exhibitions of Works of Art Arms and Armour, Howard Ricketts Ltd, 1972; Ricketts, Howard, Arms and Armour, Howard Ricketts Ltd, 1973; Catalogue of the Exhibition of Ancient Arms and Armour No. 3, London £40-60
343.    Coltman Clephan F.S.A., Robert, An Outline of the History and Development of Hand Firearms, From the Earliest Period to about the End of the Fifteenth Century, The Walter Scott Publishing Co, 1906; Hogg, Bachelor, Ian V and John, The Machine Gun, Phoebus, 1976; Webster, Donald B., Military Bolt Action Rifles 1841-1918, Museum Restoration service, New York, 1993; Wilson R. L., Colt Commemorative Firearms, Charles Kidwell, 1969; Wilson R. L., The Lawman Series - Bat Masterson, Colt's Inc., 1967; Winant , Lewis, Early Percussion Firearms, Herbert Jenkins Ltd, 1959; Wolff, Eldon G., Air Gun Batteries, Milwaukee Public Museum, 1963; Wolff, Eldon G., The Scheiffel and Kunitomo Air Guns, Milwaukee Public Museum; Wolff, Eldon G., Air Guns, North American Press, 1958; Wolff, Eldon G., Wyatt Atkinson Riflesmith, Milwaukee Public Museum, 1964; Wootten, Ben H., A Study of Colt's New Model Army Pistol 1860, 1961 ; Wyckoff, James, Famous Guns That Won the West, Fawcett-Haynes Printing Corp; A. A. White Engravers Inc. leaflet, Connecticut £40-60
344.    Diener-Schönberg, Alfons, Die Waffen Der Wartburg Beschreibendes Verzeichnis Der Waffen-Sammlung S.K.H. Des Grossherzogs Wilhelm Ernst Von Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach, Historischer Verlag Baumgärtel, 1912 with illustrations of 231 weapons, 116 marks and 78 tables, with pasted bookplate: Wallace Collection Library, in fine condition
£400-600
345.    Frenzel, F.A., Der Fuhrer durch das Historische Museum zu Dresden, Rudolph Weigel, 1850; Haenel, Erich, Alte Waffen, Richard Carl Schmidt & co, 1920; Muller, Heinrich, Historische Waffen, Ministeriums fur Nationale Verteidigung, 1957; Neuhaus, August, Ein Prunkturnierharnisch im Germanischen Nationalmuseum, Haag - Drugulin, 1937; Nickel, Helmut, Ullstein Waffenbuch, Ullstein, 1974; Schaal, Dieter, Die Kurfürsten von Sachsen - Repräsentation in Bildnis und Rüstung, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 1991; Schaal, Dieter, Die Kurfürsten von Sachsen - Repräsentation in Bildnis und Rüstung, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 1991; Schobel, Johannes, Ein Prunk- Harnisch, PRISMA VERLAG, 1966; Various Authors, Die Turkenbeute, Herausgegeben vom badischen Landesmuseum Karlsruhe, 1956; Various Authors, Orientalica, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dredsden, 1961; Various Authors, Harnifche, Historiches Museum Dresden, 1963; Various Authors, Vermisste Kunstwerke des Historischen Museums Dresden, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 1990 ; Zellmann, Wolfgang, Vom Luntenschloss bius zum Zündnadelgewehr, Magdeburger Museen, 1992; zum Abschied, Dr Uhlemann, Heinz R. Uhlemann: Schriftenverzeichnis, Deutsches Klingenmuseum, 1968; Die Rustkammer zu Dresden, Deutscher Kunstverlag GmbH, Berlin, 1995; Historisches Museum Dresden, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden; Dresden Rustkammer Postcards x10 + 1 pack of 9; Historisches Museum Rustkammer Dresden Leaflet; Jagdgewehre Historisches Museum Dresden £80-120
346.    Gaier-Lhoest, Claude and Josianne, Catalogue des armes du Musee Curtius, 1963; Godoy, Jose-A , L'Escalade et ses souvenirs, Roto -Sadag, 1980; L'Haridon, O. Penguilly, Catalogue des Collections composant le Musee D'Artillerie, Charles de Morgues Freres, 1862; Maindron, Maurice, Les Armes, Ancienne Maison Quantin, 1890; Reverseau, Jean-Pierre, Armes et Armures Des Montmorency, Musee de L'armee, 1993; Reverseau, Jean-Pierre, Armes et Armures de la Couronne au Musée de l'armée, Faton, 2004; Reverseau, Jean-Pierre, Musee de l'Armee Paris, Les armes et le vie, Dargaud, 1982; Various Authors, L'homme armé en Europe - XIV siécle - XVI siècle, Musee de L'armee, 2002; Catalogue de la collection d'armes anciennes Européennes et orientales de Charles Buttin, Rumilly, 1933; Catalogue de la collection d'armes anciennes Européennes et orientales de Charles Buttin, 1996; Musee de Dijon Salles des Armes et Armures Anciennes, Palais des états de Bourgogne, 1947; Wapens en Wapenrustingen, Chateau de Laarne, 1968; Le Bibliothecaire Militaire, Paris, 1954; Le Musee d'Armes Guide des Collections, Liege, 1996 £120-180
347.    Gamble, James D., Battle Axes, Mowbray Company, 1981; Geibig, Alfred, Offa Bücher - Band 71, Karl Vacholtz, 1991; Kovac, Mario, Rapiers and Salon Swords - From mortal game to fashion, Muzeijj Hrvatskog, 2006; Oakeshott, Ewart, Record of the Medieval Sword, The Boydell Press, 1991; Seitz, Heribert, Blankwaffen, Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1965; Seitz, Heribert, Blankwaffen II, Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1968 £120-180
348.    Giraud, J.B., Documents Pour Servir à l'histoire de l'Armement au Moyen âge et à la Renaissance, Lyon, 1895 in two volumes, each with pasted bookplates: Ex Libris Claude Blair and The Wallace Collection Library, some foxing, cloth covered boards, leather bound
£200-300
349.    Glage, Wolfgang, Das Kunfthandwerf de Buchfenmacher im Land Braunrchweig, Branunschweig, 1983; Krenn, Dr. Peter, Schwert und Spiess Landeszeughaus Graz, 1997; Krenn, Peter, Schwert und Spiess: Swords and Spears, Ried im Innkreis: Kunstverlag Hofstetter, 1997; Krenn, Peter, Harnisch und Helm Landeszeughaus Graz am Steinermarkischen Landesmuseum Joanneum, 1987; Krenn, Peter, Harnisch und Helm Landeszeughaus Graz am Steinermarkischen Landesmuseum Joanneum, 1987; Lanzardo, Dario, Ritter-Rustungen, Callwey GmbH & Co., 1990; Ossbahr, C. A., Furstliche Zeughaus in Schwarzburg, Verlag der Muller'schen Buchhandlung, 1895 ; Scheicher, Elisabeth, Die Rustkammern, Kunsthistorisches Musem, 1981; Various Authors, Landshuter Plattnerkunst, Stadtmuseum Lanshut, 1975; Various Authors, Trommeln und Pfeifen - Militärzelte - Underthalbhänder - Nürnberger Waffen - Waffenhandel und Gewehrzeugung in der Steiermart, Landeszeughaus am Landesmuseum Joanneum Graz, 1976; von Sacken, Dr Eduard Freih, Die K. K. Ambraser-Sammlung , Wilhelm Braumuller, 1855; zum Abschied, Dr Uhlemann, Heinz R. Uhlemann: Schriftenverzeichnis, Deutsches Klingenmuseum, 1968; Das Konigliche Zeughaus, Julius Bard , Berlin, 1914; Der Grazer Harnisch in der Turkenabwehr, Landeszeughauses Graz, 1971 £80-120
350.    Godoy, Jose A., Armes A Feu Xve- XVIIe Siecle, Bramante Editrice, 1993; Wegeli , Rudolf, Inventar der Waffensammlung des Bernishchen historischen Museums in Bern, K.J Wyss Erben, 1920; Wegeli , Dr Rudolf, Inventar de Waffensammlung des Bernischen Historischen Museums in Bern III. Stangenwaffen, K.J Wyss Erben, 1939; Wegeli , Dr Rudolf, Inventar de Waffensammlung des Bernischen Historischen Museums in Bern IV Fernwaffen, K.J Wyss Erben, 1948 £150-250
351.    Haenel, Erich, Kostbare Waffen Aus Der Dresdener Rüstkammer, Karl W. Hiersemann, 1923 with 82 illustrated pages of which 2 colour, with pasted bookplate: Wallace Collection Library from the Library of Claude Blair, some scuffing on the edges, staining on boards
£100-150
352.    Hellner, Brynolf, Drottning Kristinas Rustkammare, Livrustkammaren, 1990; Krenn, Peter, Royal Army Museum Stockholm Guide, Ahlen & Akerlund, 1964; Lenk, Torsten, Finlandica I Livrustkammaren ett urval Bilder, Nordisk Rotogravyr, 1934; Leppaaho, Jorma, Spateisenzaeitliche Waffen Aus Finnland, Weilin & Goos AB, 1964; Livrustkammaren, Kungl, Bilder Av Markligare Foremal I Kungl Livrustkammaren, 1927; Meyerson, Ake, Vapen industrierna I Arbogan , Viktor Pettersons Bokinindustriales, 1939; Nordstrom, Lena, Livrustkammaren The Royal Armoury, Bohuslaningens, 1985; Rangstrom, Lena, King Frik's Armour, Livrustkammaren, 2004; Steneberg, Karl Erik, Polonica Zbior Obrazow , Nordisk Rotogravyr, 1943; Various Authors, 375 Ar med Livrustkammaren, Fählt & Hässler, 2003; Bilder Pictures, Royal Army Museum, Stockholm, 1953; Bilder Pictures, Royal Army Museum, Stockholm, 1953; The Royal Armoury: The Assembling of Royal Relics, Costumes arms, armour, uniforms and coaches from about 1500 to the present, The Royal Palace, Stockholm £40-60
353.    Basilatos, Nikos, Opla - 1790-1860 Mnemeia Ellenikes Istorias kai Teknes, Eommex, 1989; Benes, Ctirad, Illustrated guide to the collection of arms, Colloredo-Mansfeld, 1965; Grabowska, Irena, Bron W Dawnych Wiekach , Malbork, 1970; Hrbaty, Stanislav, Chladna Krasa Platové Zbroje, Hradec Krá?lové?: Muzeum vý?chodní?ch Čech v Hradci Krá?lové?, 2006; Kobielski, Stanislaw, Militaria Muzeum Historyczne Miasta Krakowa, Drukarnia Narodowa, 1934; Labinowicz, Adam, Bron Palna Europejska, MKN, 1966; Perdomi, Carlo, Le Armi Degli Estensi La Collezione di Konopiste, Cappelli editore, 1986; Sercer, Maria, Alte Schlagwaffen und Stangenwaffen aus Kroatien, Veroffentlichungen des Landeszeughauses, 1974; Sercer, Maria, Jatagane, Veroffentlichungen des Landeszeughauses, 1976; Tarassuk, Leonid, Russian Pistols in the Seventeenth Century, Arms and Armour Press, 1968; Temesvary, Ferenc, Arms and Armour the Treasures of the Hungarian National Museum, Helikon, 1992; Temesvary, Ferenc, S Vallalt Magyar Bajnoki Sorsot, Vizy Otto, 1965; Various Authors, Legermuseum - Jaarverslag , Drukkerij De Bink N.V. - Leiden, 1961; Various Authors, Arme in Muzeele din Romania, Editura Meridiane, 1973; Werner , Jerzy, Luk W Rozwoju Historycznym, Muzeum Narodowe, 1969; You are Welcome to the Topkapi Palace, Istanbul, Leaflet; The Old Powder Magazine, Priddy's Hard, Portsmouth, 1971; Askeri Muze, Turkey; 1915 Russian artillery Leaflet, 1958; Russian Leaflet (XV XVII), Moscow, 1955; Muzeum Wojska Polskiego W Warszawie, Wydawnictqo ministerstqa obrony Narodowej, Warsaw, 1960; Russian Leaflet (XVII XIX), Moscow, 1956; Zbrojownia, Muzeum Narodowe W Krakowie, Krakow, 1960; L'Armerie du Wawel (Brochure), Krakow; Japanese Leaflet- Golden Age of Polish Weapons, Seibu, 1970 £50-80
354.    Lacroix, Paul, Vie Militaire et Religieuse au Moyen Age et a L'Époque de La Renaissance, Librairie De Firmin Didot Frères,1873 with 409 illustrated pages of which 14 colour, signed: C. Blair 1942, foxing, original boards, 3 quarters leather bound (scuffed) £80-120
355.    Liebgott, Niels-Knud, Middelalderens Vaben, Nationalmuseet, 1976; Smith, Otto, Det Kongelige Partikulaere rustkammer I., J.D Qvist & Komp, 1938; Various Authors, The Armoury Hall, Olaf Moller, Copenhagen, 1953; Various Authors, The Armoury Hall, Olaf Moller, Copenhagen, 1953; Various Authors, The Armoury Hall - Guide to the Royal Danish Arsenal Museum, Olaf Moller, Copenhagen, 1953; Tojhusmuseet: The Royal Danish Arsenal Museum, Nordlundes Bogtrykkeri , Copenhagen, 1962 £80-120
356.    Maze-Sencier, Alphonse, Le Livre Des Collectionneurs, Librairie Renouard, 1885 signed: C. Blair, some foxing, original cloth bound boards (faded)
£300-500
357.    Smith, George, The Dictionary of National Biography, together with 7 further volumes, The Concise Dictionary From the Beginnings to 1911, Twentieth Century 1922-1930, Twentieth Century 1931-1940, Twentieth Century 1941-1950, Twentieth Century 1951-1960, Missing Persons, Index and Epitome, Oxford University Press, 1882 in 27 volumes, each with pasted bookplate: Wallace Collection Library, original cloth covered boards (wear) £300-500
358.    Viollet-Le-Duc, E., Dictionnaire Raisonné Du Mobilier Français De L'Époque Carlovingienne A La Renaissance, Comte- Jacquet, 1874 6 Volumes, each with pasted bookplate: The Wallace Collection Library Presented by the Geffrye Museum, marbled boards, tooled and gilt half-leather, some scuffing to the edges £600-800
359.    Von Lenz, E. Die Waffensammlung Des Grafen S.D. Scheremetew in St. Petersburg, Verlag Von Karl W. Hiersemann, 1897 with 26 illustrated pages, with pasted bookplate: Wallace Collection Library, some ink stains on the spine and front
£120-180
360.    A GERMAN PAINTED CIRCULAR WOODEN SCHUTZEN TARGET TROPHY, LATE 19TH CENTURY
the outer face decorated in polychrome with a female figure in contemporary dress enclosed by a border of gothic script, the inner face with an iron loop for suspension
64 cm; 25 1/4 in diameter
£500-700
361.    SEVEN ENGLISH SPURS, 16TH/18TH CENTURIES
in excavated condition the first with star-shaped rowel, arched heel-band decorated with filed mouldings, and with its buckles; the second with multi-spike rowel, slender heel-band, complete with its buckles; the third with broad heel-band rising to a point (incomplete); the fourth of brass, with seven-point rowel, and slender heel-band; the fifth with eight-point rowel, slender heel-band, retaining its buckles and jingles, the sixth of brass, with flat flower-shaped rowel and engraved heel-band with figure-of-eight shaped terminals, and the last designed to grip the heel of a shoe
the first: 13cm; 5 1/8in
(7) £150-250
362.    A NORTH EUROPEAN SPUR, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY
with five-point star-shaped rowel, sharply angular fluted neck decorated with a spirally moulding, fluted heel-band (one terminal missing) and retaining a single buckle
16cm; 6 1/4in £80-120
363.    AUCTION CATALOGUES: SOTHEBY'S ARMS AND ARMOUR, MILITARIA AND SPORTING GUNS
including sales in London, Monaco, Zurich, Sussex and New York covering the period 1970-2005, including the collections of John F. Hayward, Charles Draeger, Visser (part I), Alexander Davison and The Royal House of Hanover

A full listing is available on request £150-250
364.    A HIGHLY DECORATED CHASTITY BELT AND PADLOCK, 20TH CENTURY
formed of a series of pierced shaped plates, the outer surface etched in 16th century style with, at the front, the temptation of Eve by the serpent with Adam looking on, a winged demon on the reverse, all enriched with scrolling foliage on a stippled ground, and fitted with a padlock in late medieval style
25.3 cm; 10 in high
£1000-1500
365.    A BRASS-BOUND MAHOGANY CASE FOR A D.B. SPORTING GUN OR RIFLE BY JAMES BRYCE, GUNMAKER, CROSS GATE CUPAR FIFE, CIRCA 1850-70
the outside of the lid with brass flush-fitting carrying handle, the interior lined in purple baize (light moth), with printed trade label (light foxing small losses), provision for 30 ¾ in barrels, complete with its compartment lids together with its leather outer case

James Bryce is recorded in Edinburgh circa 1850-75.
£300-500
366.    A SPANISH COMBINATION TOOL (ESLABÓN), 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY SPANISH formed in one piece, with an arched upper portion for knapping, faceted shaft with two pierced scrollwork mouldings, the base with turnscrew, fitted with a loop carrying a contemporary pick 12 cm; 4 3/4 in
£200-300
367.    AN IMPORTANT ALBUM OF OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAHS OF THE TOWER OF LONDON AND ITS ARMOURIES CIRCA 1915-28
comprising two hundred and thirty-one photographs mounted on one hundred and sixteen separate folios of grey paper bound within black boards, showing individual arms, armour and other relics of the Tower Armouries, general views of the Armouries displays, general views, engraved representations and early maps of the Tower as a whole, and including a few images of pieces belonging to Worshipful Company of Armourers and Brasiers of London (some staining and cracking of the edges of the pages)

The album dates from the time of Charles ffoulkes who served as Curator of the Tower Armouries from 1913 to 1939, receiving the revived title of Master of the Armouries in 1935. A few of the photographs in the album were used by him to illustrate his Inventory and Survey of the Armouries of the Tower of London of 1916. Several elements belonging to Henry VIII's Greenwich armour garniture of 1540 had only been returned to the Tower from Windsor in 1914. A large number of the pictures show pieces transferred to the Tower from the Rotunda Museum in 1927, and published in part by ffoulkes a year later. The photographs of the armour of Sir Henry Lee and other items belonging to the Armourers and Brasiers' Company were used by ffoulkes in various of his publications of 1925-7. Among the later images of the album are some showing the Tower at the time of its flooding in 1928.
30.5 cm x 39.0 cm; 12 x 15¼ in


£700-1000
368.    A HIGHLAND DRESS POWDER HORN, 19TH CENTURY
with stained horn body stamped 'Piper' in an oval, silver coloured metal mounts comprising nozzle engraved with foliage terminating in a boar's head, moulded basal cap decorated with scrolls of olive fruit and foliage further scrolls of foliage and a central cross, and robust suspension chain
38 cm; 15 in £400-600
369.    A HIGHLAND DRESS POWDER HORN, 19TH CENTURY
with stained horn body, silver coloured metal mounts comprising graduated nozzle with beaded borders and spring cut-off, basal cap engraved with scenes from the chase including hounds in pursuit of a stag and a fox, and an encircling serpent on the base, and later suspension chain
36 cm; 14 1/4 in
£500-700
370.     A MOROCCO LEATHER-COVERED SYKES PATENT FLASK, MID-19TH CENTURY
with flattened pear-shaped body, German silver nozzle stamped 'Sykes Patent' and 'Extra Quality' fitted with cut-off and blued steel spring, in fine condition
16 cm; 6 3/8 in
£120-150
371.    A GERMAN SILVER-MOUNTED HORN FLASK BY G. & J. W. HAWKSLEY, SHEFFIELD, MID-19TH CENTURY
with curved body of polished stained horn, German silver mounts comprising basal cap and graduated nozzle with spring cut off, with much original finish, and complete with a green silk suspension cord
16.5 cm; 6 1/2 in
£120-150
372.    A RARE GERMAN MILITARY GRENADE LAUNCHER FOR A FLINTLOCK MUSKET, CIRCA 1700-50
formed in two stages with raised mouldings, the lower portion inscribed 'Macht Mit Uns', and moulded integral socket cut with a slot for attaching to a lug on the muzzle
17.5 cm; 6 7/8 in overall
£900-1200
373.    **AN ITALIAN POWDER-FLASK FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY, PROBABLY BRESCIA
with tapering body of D-section, elaborately fluted outer face enriched with very narrow engraved panels and beadwork, engraved with scrollwork on the inner face and the base, fitted with belt hook, four suspension loops, moulded nozzle hinged at the base for refilling, decorated en suite with the body and with spring cut-off (one screw missing, areas of pitting)
18.5 cm; 7 ¼ in high
£600-800
374.    **AN ENGLISH LEATHER SHOT-FLASK, A COPPER THREE-WAY FLASK FOR A FLINTLOCK PISTOL AND A COPPER POWDER-FLASK, 19TH CENTURY
the first with leather bag-shaped body and graduated nozzle; the second with copper body and brass mounts, the third embossed with small stars and circles, and fitted with spring cut-off (seam split, incomplete)
the first: 24 cm; 9 1/2in
(3)
£200-300
375.    AN ITALIAN STONEBOW, 17TH/18TH CENTURY
with slender steel bow retained by a pair of moulded irons, carved hardwood tiller of characteristic form, decorated with slender panels of ropework, the rear portion incorporating a scroll and with bevelled edges, turned knop-shaped finial, fitted with moulded steel trigger operating the string release, moulded steel back-sight, and fixed two prong fore-sight (areas of wear, adapted for display)
73.5 cm; 29 in tiller
£500-700
376.    A MINIATURE IRON CANNON, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering multi-stage barrel, swelling at the muzzle and fitted with three raised rivets, the central one acting as a sight, with raised astragal bands, square vent field, bulbous cascable fitted with an elevating device, on an iron wheeled carriage (areas of pitting)
31 cm;12 1/4 in barrel
2.2 cm; 7/8 in bore £100-150
377.    A FINELY CONSTRUCTED MODEL OF A GARRISON GUN, MID-19TH CENTURY
with sighted barrel formed in two stepped stages, block-shaped vent, globose cascabel, a pair of plain trunnions, on a contemporary brass garrison carriage with openwork cheeks, fitted with threaded elevating device, and with two pairs of trucks for a slide
11.5 cm; 4 1/2 in barrel
1.8 cm; 3/4 in bore £800-1000
378.    THE PROPERTY OF A EUROPEAN NOBLEMAN, BY DIRECT DESCENT FROM THE GRAND DUKE OF BADEN

AN 18 BORE OTTOMAN MIQUELET-LOCK RIFLED CARBINE, TURKEY, 18TH CENTURY
with octagonal swamped etched twist sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, chiselled with raised mouldings and retained by a pair of engraved silver bands, the breech incorporating a raised back-sight pierced with two sighting apertures, plain tang, characteristic lock overlaid with an engraved panel of silver and enriched over much of its surface with silver-encrusted pellets, full stock (chipped), profusely inlaid with minute brass rondels filled with contrasting pieces of bone and enriched with brass nails, faceted segmental butt inlaid en suite and with shaped panels of bone, ivory and green-stained horn, inset with a band of domed silver nails (small losses, butt-cap missing), iron trigger, green-stained fore-end cap, associated horn tipped ramrod, and the stock impressed '164'
67.5 cm; 26 5/8 in barrel £2500-3000
379.    A RARE OTTOMAN SHAFFRON, TURKEY, FIRST HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY
formed of a main plate tapering slightly to its rounded lower end, cut away at the upper corners for a pair of ear pieces (missing), embossed over the eye openings, the main plate formed with three embossed flutes along the lower portion and a medial ridge over the upper, the right of the brow incised with the mark of the Imperial Ottoman Arsenal at Istanbul, and pierced border for a lining (chemically cleaned, small chips)
53.5 cm; 21 1/8 in £2500-3000
380.    A EUROPEAN SAPPER'S HELMET, SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY
of notable weight, with a medially-ridged one-piece hemispherical skull fitted at the brow with a flat obtusely-pointed peak, at the nape with a matching neck-guard and at each side with a slightly forward-curving pendent cheek-piece, the edges of the peak and neck-guard formed with plain inward-turns and the point of the former pierced with a later suspension-hole (pitted and patinated overall)
22.5 cm; 8¾ in

£800-1100
381.    A EUROPEAN SAPPER'S HELMET, SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY
of notable weight, with a medially-ridged one-piece hemispherical skull struck at its left rear with the mark of a bullet, fitted at the brow with a flat obtusely-pointed peak, at the nape with a matching neck-guard and at each side with a slightly forward-curving pendent cheek-piece, the edges of the peak and neck-guard formed with plain inward-turns and the point of the former pierced with a later suspension-hole (the skull showing some delamination at its brow and the whole pitted and patinated overall)
23.0 cm; 9 in

£700-1000
382.    A GERMAN HUNTING SWORD FROM THE BADEN COURT HUNT, MID-19TH CENTURY
with broad blade double-edged toward the point, etched on each face with trophies-of-arms and scenes from the chase including rabbits and stag, and signed 'Geb Weyersberg in Solingen', gilt brass hilt comprising down-turned shell-guard cast with the crowned arms of Baden between sprays of oak foliage, a pair of quillons with vertically recurved terminals, pommel decorated en suite, and natural staghorn grip
59.5 cm; 23 1/2 in blade
£250-350
383.    A GERMAN HUNTING SWORD FROM THE BAVARIAN COURT HUNT, CIRCA 1839-60
with broad blade double-edged towards the point, etched on one face of the forte with the crowned cypher of Carl-Teodore, Duke in Bavaria (1839-1909) and on the other with the inscription 'Vivat & Lebe Carl Teodore', the back-strap signed 'Jean Knecht fabriequer a Solingen' iron hilt of rudimentary construction, and staghorn grip (the steel parts cleaned)
56.2 cm;22 1/8 in blade £200-300
384.    A GERMAN HUNTING SWORD, MID-19TH CENTURY
with broad fullered blade etched and gilt with trophies-of-arms and foliage on a blued panel over the lower portion on each face, brass hilt comprising a pair of quillons with globular terminals, cap pommel and hardwood grip
60 cm; 23 5/8 in blade £250-350
385.    A GERMAN HUNTING SWORD, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with broad blade double-edged towards the point, retaining traces of an etched design on each face, brass hilt comprising a pair of short quillons with globular terminals, cap pommel, and staghorn grip applied with a pair of brass acorns and oak foliage
54.5 cm; 21 1/2 in blade £200-300
386.    A GERMAN COMBINED WHEEL-LOCK SPANNER, POWDER-MEASURE AND TURNSCREW, EARLY 17TH CENTURY
with octagonal body decorated with filed mouldings, graduated measure numbered from one to four (retaining screw missing), the head pierced with three square apertures, and three terminals cut as a square turnscrew, double prong and the third cut for the wheel
17.2 cm; 7 3/4in head
£200-300
387.    A GERMAN DETACHED WHEEL-LOCK MECHANISM FOR A SPORTING GUN BY SEBASTIAN SCHEIDEGGER, CIRCA 1730
with flat plate engraved with bold scrolls and a pair of hounds in pursuit of a hare, fitted with internal wheel, engraved dog with shielded jaws, flash-guard, signed pan-fence and engraved dog-spring bridle
32 cm; 12 5/8 in overall
£200-250
388.    AN AUSTRIAN LARGE COMBINED POWDER-FLASK AND WHEEL-LOCK SPANNER, CIRCA 1730
of green-stained flattened cow horn, fitted on the outer face with an iron bracket incorporating a wheel-lock spanner of three apertures, with foliate terminal, iron basal cap and carved nozzle (suspension removed leaving a small hole, stopper missing)
44.5 cm; 17 1/2in overall
£250-350
389.    A RARE 40 BORE EIGHT-SHOT MATCHLOCK PISTOL BARREL AND CHAMBER, EARLY 17TH CENTURY, MOUNTED ON A CANNON CARRIAGE, 18TH CENTURY
with three stage swamped barrel, the muzzle and median sections each encased in latten, reeded breech incorporating a brass back-sight and a spring catch for the cylinder, eight-shot cylinder, each chamber with square vent field, retaining three brass covers each incorporating a spring and steel knob on the top (the other five missing), retained by a faceted nut at the rear; and fitted beneath the breech with a pair of later trunnions: on a saluting cannon carriage with scrolling cheeks, applied with pierced and engraved brass panels including a hunter in contemporary dress within an architectural landscape
31.5 cm; 12 3/8 in barrel

A snaphaunce revolving rifle dated 1597 preserved in the Tøjhusmuseet, Copenhagen (nr. B294) and a matchlock revolving rifle of circa 1610 preserved in the Hermitage, St Petersburg each have a revolving cylinder of related type. See A. Hoff 1969 pp. 254-6. £1500-2000
390.    A PAIR OF GERMAN BRONZE SALUTING CANNON, 19TH CENTURY
with tapering multi-stage barrels formed with raised astragal mouldings, moulded muzzles, cascables drawn-out to a near acorn shaped moulding, a pair of dolphin lifting handles each on a punched ground, plain trunnions: each on its iron-clad wooden field carriage with iron-shod spoked cambered wheels (losses, one pair of cap squares missing), together with a well matched limber
41 cm; 16 1/4 in barrels
(3)
£2000-3000
391.    A CASED PAIR OF .450 CALIBRE PERCUSSION RIFLED TARGET PISTOLS BY SCHNEEVOIGT IN LAHR, CIRCA 1850
with octagonal blued sighted barrels signed in gold script within an elaborate gold framework, engraved case-hardened breeches decorated with scrollwork and inlaid with gold lines, engraved percussion bolsters fitted with blued nipples, engraved case-hardened breech tangs decorated en suite fitted with blued adjustable back-sights and numbered '1' and '2' in gold respectively, scroll-engraved case-hardened stepped locks signed in gold script (one lock inoperative and with small dents on the lock plate), blued set triggers, highly figured maple half-stocks (one with a hairline crack through), finely fluted butts with a carved moulding on each side, engraved blued steel mounts comprising spurred trigger-guards with shaped finials, butt-caps and fore-end caps, blued trigger plates, silver barrel bolt escutcheons (one bolt replaced), no provision for ramrods, and with almost all their original finish throughout: in original mahogany case lined in blue velvet (faded, one compartment lid missing, lock catch missing, small chips and cracks), the lid with brass escutcheon engraved with the owner's coat-of-arms, complete with a full compliment of accessories including bullet mould and wad-cutter of burnished steel, copper powder-flask with brass mounts (loose), turn-screw, nipple-wrench, ivory mallet
25.2 cm 10 in barrels

Heinrich Björn Christophe Schneevoigt is recorded in Schleswig, Schleswig-Holstein and Lahr, Baden circa 1818-78. He is recorded as journeyman in the former in 1822. His father, Otto Heinrich, was gunmaker to the Danish Lifeguard Dragoons, circa 1800.
£5000-7000
392.    A .550 CALIBRE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, CIRCA 1730
with blued octagonal swamped sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, engraved with a panel of scrollwork at the breech, flat lock engraved with a stag in a rococo landscape, fitted with internal wheel, flash-guard, pan with sliding cover, and engraved dog decorated with a monsterhead, double set trigger, full stock (wormed), moulded over the fore-end, impressed with the inventory number '3' behind the lock, the butt with patchbox with fluted sliding cover incorporating a piece of horn on the right and raised cheek-piece carved with rococo shell ornament inlaid with a piece of mother-of-pearl in the centre on the left, steel trigger-guard shaped for the fingers, horn side nail washers, ramrod-pipe (one missing) and fore-end cap, and associated ramrod, together with a contemporary steel powder measure
81 cm; 31 7/8 in barrel £2000-3000
393.    A .550 CALIBRE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE BY SEBASTIAN SCHEIDEGGER IN SALZBURG, CIRCA 1730
with blued octagonal swamped sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, signed over the breech and stamped with the brass-lined barrelsmith's mark, in a shield the initials 'S. SC' above a rampant demi-chamois, engraved flat lock signed 'S.S.', fitted with integral wheel, flash-guard, pan with sliding cover, and engraved dog with concealed jaws, double set trigger, figured walnut full stock moulded over the fore-end, impressed with the inventory number '1' behind the lock, the butt with raised cheek-piece on the left and patchbox with sliding cover incorporating a piece of horn on the right, steel trigger-guard engraved en suite with the lock, horn side nail washers, ramrod-pipes and fore-end cap, and horn-tipped ramrod
82 .3 cm; 32 3/8 in barrel
£2000-3000
394.    A .800 CALIBRE GERMAN (SAXON) WHEEL-LOCK RAMPART GUN, DATED 1685
with massive swamped octagonal sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves (surface rust), moulded at the breech and numbered '1', dated flat lock retained by two side nails, struck with the mark of Hans Loeffler (Neue Støckel 716), fitted with external wheel with engraved gilt cover, sliding pan-cover with gilt acorn finial released by a brass button engraved with a grotesque, moulded dog and dog spring with filed scrolls, double set trigger, full stock flattened beneath the fore-end for resting, impressed '6' behind the tang, large butt of fish tail form, hollowed at the top, brass mounts comprising shaped trigger-guard with acorn finial en suite with the pan-cover, butt-plate, a pair of foliate horn side nail washers, fore-end cap and a pair of ramrod-pipes of contrasting horn
90.3 cm 35 5/8 in barrel

Hans Loeffler is recorded in Ruhla, Saxony circa 1683-1714.
£3000-5000
395.    A RARE 32 BORE NORTH EUROPEAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN, CIRCA 1700, PROBABLY DUTCH
with slender tapering barrel formed in two stages, chiselled with a vertical arrangement of military scenes including an encampment, infantrymen and a cavalryman with a panel of foliage top and bottom, fitted with silver fore-sight and moulded silver back-sight, slender tang decorated with a chevron design, stepped lock boldly engraved with foliage signed 'N. M.' on the tail, half-stock moulded over the fore-end (areas of worm), impressed '49' behind the lock, paddle-shaped butt finely carved with a cavalry engagement on the right, brass mounts comprising moulded trigger-guard with foliate terminal, solid side-plate, butt-plate with slender tang of shaped outline and four moulded ramrod-pipes, and bone fore-end cap
116.5 cm; 46 in barrel

It is likely that this gun was shortened to half-stock around the middle of the 18th century and most of the brass mounts were renewed at this time.

A gun with a butt carved in the same manner was sold Christie's Paris, 31st March 2011, lot 622.
£2500-3500
396.    A FINE 16 BORE SOUTH GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN BY IOHANN STERR, FREISING, CIRCA 1690
with tapering barrel formed with a near full length flat, fitted with barleycorn fore-sight on a punched chiselled bed with delicate leafy tendrils above and below, chiselled with scrolling leafy tendrils against a matted ground on each side of the breech, rounded lock chiselled with delicate ropework around the borders, signed 'Iohann Sterr a Freising' beneath the pan and inscribed 'Hochfirst Pixenmacher' around the cock, the cock and steel each chiselled with leafy tendrils and ropework en suite (the cock cracked at the neck), highly figured burrwood full stock (the last 6 cm of the fore-end removed), carved with a moulding along the length of the barrel, a serpent behind the rear ramrod pipe and foliage behind the lock and the side-plate, impressed '54' behind the tang, and the butt carved with further mouldings, finely chiselled steel and part matted mounts comprising pierced openwork side plate decorated with leafy tendrils carrying a self-suckling serpent, trigger-guard with leafy finial and ropework en suite with the lock, three moulded ramrod-pipes matching the trigger-guard, the rear involving a serpent, butt-plate with pronounced heel, finely chiselled with a bearded grotesque on top and the tang formed as a further serpent, crowned vacant escutcheon, and later ramrod (sling swivels removed)
118 cm; 46 ½ in barrel

Johann Sterr is recorded in Munich circa 1685-94.
£2500-3500
397.    A RARE .650 CALIBRE AUSTRIAN BREECH-LOADING FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE BY J. GOLIAR, VIENNA, CIRCA 1660
with swamped sixteen sided blued barrel rifled with ten grooves, fitted with moulded fore-sight on a foliate bed and shaped back-sight, rebated threaded breech fitted with a stud engaging with the barrel base, faceted vent section moulded at each end, signed 'Cum Privilegio Saca. Ca. Majestatis' over the tang and breech, the latter fitted on the right with screw-in pan and moulded steel (refaced in its working life), rounded lock signed within a strapwork panel and finely engraved with a grotesque on the tail, the tumbler bridle formed as a finely engraved serpent, figured walnut butt impressed '68' behind the lock, steel mounts comprising faceted butt-plate, and trigger-guard with foliate terminal, a delicate scrollwork moulding at the front and a thumbscrew safety at the rear (lightly cleaned with chemicals)
71.7 cm; 28 1/4 in barrel

Jo. Jouss Goliar, probably of French or Swiss origin, is recorded Hofbüchsenmacher to the Emperor Leopold I, circa 1660. A similar rifle made by him, presented to Ferdinando II, Grand Duke of Tuscany by Emperor Leopold I, is preserved in the Bargello, Florence. Another example, dated 1657, from the Liechtenstein Princely gunroom and later in the collection of William Goodwin Renwick, was sold Sotheby's 23rd July 1974, lot 62. £2000-3000
398.    A .600 CALIBRE GERMAN BUTT RESERVOIR AIR RIFLE BY BOSLER, DARMSTADT, CIRCA 1750
with swamped octagonal sighted barrel engraved with scrolls over the breech, engraved tang, engraved lock decorated with a hound, fowl and a wild boar on the tail, signed and decorated with a huntsman and his hound beneath the pan, fitted with engraved dummy cock (the action inoperative), double set trigger, figured walnut half-stock impressed '128', carved in low relief about the mounts and the tang, the butt with carved raised cheek-piece decorated with scrolls (cracked), engraved gilt-brass mounts comprising side plate decorated with a hunting scenes in a rococo framework, butt-plate incorporating the pump aperture (cover missing), decorated on the tang with a portrait profile and numbered '28', trigger-guard with Diana the huntress, and a pair of ramrod-pipes (crowned escutcheon missing), horn fore-end cap, and horn-tipped ramrod
90 cm; 35 ½ in barrel

Three makers of this name are recorded in Darmstadt, Hesse specialising in air weapons during the 18th century. Two were Hofbüchsenmacher to the Landgraves of Hesse. Two other air guns by this family, formerly in the hunting room at Jagdschloss Kranichstein and latterly in the Neal collection, were sold Christies 9th November 2000 and 25th October 2001 Lots 129 and 131 respectively. For a discussion of this maker, and his father, see A. Hoff 1972, pp. 40-59.
£1500-2000
399.    A RARE 16 BORE GERMAN AIRGUN BY CARL RUT, CARLSRUHE, DATED 1834
with octagonal sighted barrel sleeved in brass, rotating at the breech on an eccentric pivot released by a knurled bolt beneath, strike pump action with German silver spring magazine signed and dated in script between a spray of oak fruit, foliage and flowers on the top, steel tang of shaped outline incorporating an aperture for the lever (now missing) on the right, double set trigger, walnut full stock boldly impressed '129', carved with scrolls and a rest on the fore-end, chequered grip, moulded butt en suite with the fore-end and iron mounts including trigger-guard and butt cap (the iron parts pitted throughout, ramrod incomplete)
68.2 cm; 26 7/8 in barrel

Other airguns of this date signed 'Rutte in Bohm.' are recorded in the Berlin Zeughaus, see F. M. Feldhaus 1905, p. 368-9 and E. G. Wolff 1958, p. 179.
£800-1000
400.    A RARE .500 CALIBRE AUSTRIAN GIRANDONI SYSTEM REPEATING BUTT RESERVOIR AIR RIFLE BY J. B. MISSILLIEUR, CIRCA 1820-30
with octagonal multi-groove rifled barrel rebated and threaded at the breech, octagonal breech extending as a sleeve over the long rebated portion, signed 'J.B. Missillieur a Vienne' on the top, fitted with folding back-sight (fore-sight missing), sprung horizontal breech-feed mechanism, engraved tubular magazine pierced with nine holes on the right (cover missing), engraved on the top with a trophy-of-hunting, and a masked sunburst, engraved case-hardened stepped lock decorated with conventional foliage, scrolls, border ornament, a reclining stag, and inscribed 'in Wien', fitted with engraved case-hardened cocking lever, action cover engraved with a hunter in contemporary dress resting with dead game and a hound at his feet, figured walnut fore-stock, engraved case-hardened steel mounts comprising side-plate formed and decorated en suite with the lock, scrolling trigger-guard decorated with a trophy on the bow, fore-end cap with retaining thumb-screw, complete with its original leather-covered steel butt reservoir fitted with brass washer engraved 'No. 2' and '2000P', and the engraving remaining in very fine condition throughout
66.5 cm; 26 ¼ in barrel

Johann Baptiste Missillieur, a native of Vienne (south of Lyon), was active in Vienna and Prague circa 1781-1835. He is recorded master in Vienna in 1821 and in the Prague Guild in 1834. Another Girandoni system by this maker is preserved in the Danish Hunting and Forestry Museum, Hørsholm (no. 1170). Five double flintlock guns by this maker decorated with the arms of Duke Maximillian Josef are recorded in the former gunroom of the Dukes Palatine of Zweibrücken, circa 1795. See A. Hoff 1972, p. 73 and T. Hempe 1911, p. 413.
£3000-5000
401.    A RARE .470 CALIBRE AUSTRIAN MODEL 1779 GIRANDONI SYSTEM REPEATING BUTT RESERVOIR AIR RIFLE, NO. 1335, CIRCA 1780
with octagonal multi-groove rifled sighted barrel, traces of the Imperial eagle mark over the breech, fitted with sprung horizontal breech-feed mechanism, tubular magazine, bevelled lock with faceted forward edge, fitted with cocking lever (repaired), set trigger (inoperative), brass numbered action stamped 'G', walnut full stock incised with a linear pattern over the fore-end, brass mounts, forward sling swivel (the rear sling swivel missing), and complete with its original leather-covered steel butt reservoir impressed '127'
83.2 cm; 32 3/4 in barrel

See E. Gabriel 1990, pp. 382-3 and A. Hoff 1972, pp. 60-9. £2000-3000
402.    A GERMAN COMBINED .350 CALIBRE RIFLE AND 32 BORE FLINTLOCK WENDER GUN, CIRCA 1750
with octagonal rifle barrel, punched and chiselled with scrolls retaining traces of gilt over the breech, the shotgun barrel formed in four stages, each barrel with brass fore-sight and some blued finish, the breech fitted with a slender brass washer released by a catch on the forward portion of the trigger-guard, tang of shaped outline, rounded lock, figured walnut full stock impressed '18' behind the lock (small cracks), carved and incised with scrolls over the fore-end, a bouquet in low relief behind the tang, the butt with raised cheek-piece, carved with rococo scrolls and bouquets on the left, and fitted with patchbox with sliding cover on the right, brass mounts including solid side-plate, trigger-guard with faceted rear terminal, butt-plate with faceted tang and fore-end cap, and brass-tipped steel ramrod
80.2 cm; 31 5/8 in barrels

£3000-3500
403.    A GERMAN .450 CALIBRE OVER-AND-UNDER FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN FOR LARGE GAME, CIRCA 1750
with lightly swamped octagonal barrels, the bores both cut with seven broad straight grooves with a further narrow groove between each, the upper barrel with brass fore-sight, long rectangular tang, curved bevelled locks, figured walnut full stock impressed '15' behind the lock, moulded over the fore-end, carved with a raised moulding about the tang, the butt with carved cheek-piece decorated with a spray of scrollwork behind, steel mounts including trigger-guard with foliate terminals, numbered butt-plate and three faceted ramrod-pipes on the right of the barrels (the rear ramrod-pipe cracked), horn fore-end cap (chipped), and horn tipped ramrod
77.4 cm; 30 1/2 in barrel £2000-3000
404.    A FINE GARNITURE OF BOHEMIAN FLINTLOCK FIREARMS, COMPRISING A PAIR OF 18 BORE SPORTING GUNS, A PAIR OF .600 CALIBRE RIFLED SPORTING CARBINES AND A PAIR OF 22 BORE PISTOLS BY LEOPOLD BECHER, CIRCA 1740
the guns with blued barrels in the Spanish taste, fitted with silver 'spider' fore-sights chiselled with a band of foliage ahead of gilt scrolls at the medians and further scrolls, pellets and foliage over the breeches, the latter incorporating the barrelsmith's marks (Neue Støckel 5758), a decorative gilt-lined spur mark and a further mark, in a gilt recess the inscription 'Gewundene', engraved tangs numbered '1' and '2', rounded locks finely chiselled against a punched ground with a cavalryman on the tails, an elaborate trophy involving a warrior beneath the pans and signed behind the steel springs, fitted with chiselled cocks, pans with water drains, and steels decorated en suite (one top-jaw and screw missing), figured walnut half-stock impressed '45' and '46', carved en rocaille with scrolls on shells about the rear ramrod-pipes and ahead of the trigger-guards (one small chip), raised mouldings and further rococo designs about the tangs (chipped), the butts with designs of shells, scrolls and foliage on each side and raised cheek-pieces on the left (small cracks and repairs), finely cast and chased gilt-bronze mounts comprising side-plates decorated with a cavalry scene against a punched ground, trigger-guards decorated with a hunter and a falconer respectively, butt-plates decorated with mounted figures within a rococo framework beneath a grotesque and foliage, vacant escutcheons involving further figures on horseback, fore-end caps en suite, three gilt ramrod-pipes, steel sling swivels, and each with its brass-tipped wooden ramrod; the carbines with blued octagonal swamped sighted barrels rifled with seven grooves, signed and decorated en suite with the guns, the breeches stamped with the gold-lined barrelsmiths mark of Hans Johan Stifter (Neue Støckel 1042), finely chiselled locks and mounts en suite with the guns, double set triggers, full stocks impressed '43' and '44', carved with rococo shell and scroll designs, the butts with carved cheek-pieces on the left and patchboxes with sliding covers entirely covered in chiselled gilt bronze on the right, the latter decorated with a boar set upon by hounds in an architectural landscape, and wooden ramrods, one with its brass tip (the other missing); the pistols with blued barrels in the Spanish taste, decorated and stamped en suite with the guns, the tangs, locks (one top-jaw, screw and both steels missing, one cock cracked) and mounts all decorated en suite with the carbines and the guns, figured walnut full stocks impressed '97' and '98' (one wormed), and brass-tipped wooden ramrods; and the entire garniture retaining much original blued and gilt finish throughout
94 cm; 37 in gun barrels
68.5 cm; 27 in carbine barrels
27.2 cm; 10 ¾ in pistol barrels
(6)

Leopold Becher is recorded circa 1725-50 and as Hofbüchsenmacher to Prince and General Johann Georg Christian Lobkowitz in Raudnitz circa 1726-7, another garniture by him still remains in the family gunroom. Becher is considered the most distinguished Carlsbad maker, his work being represented by a number of pieces in the former Imperial Gewehrkammer, Vienna, and the Danish Royal collection, Copenhagen. See J. F. Hayward 1963, pp. 128-130 and J. J. Batty 2011, p. 115-118.
£15000-20000
405.    A .650 CALIBRE BOHEMIAN FLINTLOCK RIFLED SPORTING CARBINE BY G. LIESTEEGER, CIRCA 1740
with octagonal blued swamped sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, stamped with the brass-lined barrelsmith's mark of Gottlib Steeger over the breech (similar to Neue Støckel 1038), plain tang numbered '19', bevelled lock engraved with a pair of cavalrymen in combat in a scrollwork frame, walnut full stock (one chip now detached), impressed '53' behind the lock, carved with mouldings and scrollwork in low relief, the tang enclosed with a gilt-brass plaque cast and chased in low relief, the butt with cheek-piece carved with c-scrolls behind on the left and patchbox with sliding cover on the right, gilt-brass mounts cast and chased in low relief, comprising side plate decorated with a stag hunting scene fitted with near contemporary saddle bar and ring, butt-plate with a huntsman in contemporary dress, trigger-guard decorated en suite, three ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, and horn-tipped ramrod
60 cm; 23 5/8 in barrel

Gottlib Steeger is recorded in Carlsbad circa 1730-40.
£2000-3000
406.    AN 18 BORE BOHEMIAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN BY LEOPOLD BECHER, CARLSBAD, CIRCA 1740
with blued sighted barrel formed in three stages, octagonal over the breech and inlaid with a panel of scrollwork and pellets, engraved tang framed by a gilt-brass plaque cast and chased with scrolls in low relief on a punched ground, signed rounded lock engraved with border ornament and elaborate scrollwork, engraved cock, steel and pan all decorated en suite, figured walnut half-stock, impressed '58' behind the lock, carved with rococo scrolls and raised mouldings, gilt-brass mounts cast and chased in low relief, including side plate decorated with a hunting scene involving a mounted hunter in pursuit of a wild boar set upon by hounds, butt-plate decorated with a Classical warrior beneath a canopy and a scene from a water hunt, trigger-guard with a hunter on the bow and a trophy-of-arms on the finial, a pair of ramrod-pipes and fore-end cap, original ramrod with gilt-brass tip, and in remaining in good to fine condition throughout
115.5 cm; 45 1/2 in barrel

£2500-3500
407.    A PAIR OF 25 BORE SOUTH GERMAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS, CIRCA 1760
with tapering barrels chiselled with foliage, etched and inlaid with silver scrolls in the Turkish taste (fore-sights removed), plain tangs numbered '1' and '2', flat locks with rebated borders, fitted with matching cocks and blued faceted pans, figured walnut full stocks carved en rocaille and impressed '99' and '100' behind the respective locks (cracks and small filled repairs), brass mounts of shaped outline including numbered pommels, and bone-tipped wooden ramrods
28 cm; 11 in barrels
(2) £2500-3500
408.    A PAIR OF .550 CALIBRE SOUTH GERMAN FLINTLOCK RIFLED HOLSTER PISTOLS, CIRCA 1760
with sighted barrels formed in two stages, etched in the Turkish taste, plain tangs incorporating the back-sights, bevelled locks with some blued finish on the elements, figured walnut full stocks, numbered '101' and '102' behind the locks, moulded over the fore-ends and carved in low relief with scrolling foliage about the tangs, the butts each with iron pierced escutcheon for a shoulder stock on the spine, moulded brass mounts including trigger plates and faceted ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end caps, and horn-tipped wooden ramrods
30.5 cm; 12 in barrels
(2)

£2500-3500
409.    AN 18 BORE FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL SIGNED DRESCHLER, CIRCA 1760, EAST EUROPEAN OR GERMAN
with two-stage Spanish barrel, fitted with silver 'Spider' fore-sight, signed and dated 'Esquibel en Madrid Anno 1719' over the breech in gold, punched with a matted ground, a series of gold-lined marks and the gold-lined barrelsmith's mark (Neue Støckel 325 and 326), gold-lined vent, signed rounded lock, walnut full stock moulded over the fore-end (cracked), carved with scrolls of foliage about the rear ramrod-pipe and behind the tang, gilt brass mounts including pierced rococo side plate decorated with foliage and a mask, spurred pommel engraved with foliage and fitted with grotesque mask cap, trigger-guard with grotesques, vacant escutcheon, and horn fore-end cap
33.3 cm; 13 in barrel



£1200-1800
410.    A GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN WITH EARLIER DECORATED TURKISH BARREL, CIRCA 1760
with etched twist barrel of approximately 11 bore, chiselled with arabesque designs over the muzzle and the breech, each encrusted with engraved silver frameworks and the latter incorporating the barrelsmith's signature 'amal mustafa' (work of Mustafa), tang incorporating a large moulded back-sight, curved stepped bevelled lock signed 'P.S.V.W. on a panel carried by scrolls and with a demi-figure on the tail, figured walnut half-stock impressed' 55' behind the lock (small bruises), carved with raised mouldings, the butt with raised cheek-piece inset with the owner's coat-of-arms beneath the Crown of a German Count, decorated behind with carved scrolling foliage on a punched ground, steel mounts comprising pierced side-plate formed as a scrolling serpent, trigger-guard with foliate terminal, and numbered butt-plate en suite with the trigger-guard, steel escutcheon engraved with the owner's coat-of-arms, a pair of ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap and associated horn-tipped ramrod
99 cm; 39 in barrel

The Arms are those of Waldburg, from Upper Swabia and Württemberg, appointed Stewards (Reichserbtruchsessen) of the Holy Roman Empire in 1525, a position that became hereditary in 1594. The heraldic charge of the orb was granted to them around this time in recognition of its hereditary status as Imperial Stewards.

£1400-1800
411.    A GERMAN FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS WITH EARLIER DECORATED TURKISH BARREL, CIRCA 1750
with etched twist barrel, chiselled with arabesque designs over the muzzle, the median and the breech, each encrusted with engraved silver frameworks and the latter incorporating the back-sight, stepped bevelled lock signed 'IO. Koss' (partly obscured), engraved with sprays of scrollwork and foliage, figured walnut full stock impressed '60' behind the lockplate, moulded over the fore-end and about the tang, steel mounts comprising pierced sideplate formed of a pair of addorsed monsters, trigger-guard with foliate terminal, butt-plate with shaped tang, and a pair of faceted ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap and horn-tipped ramrod, probably the original
74 cm; 29 1/4 in barrel
£1000-1500
412.    A .650 CALIBRE AUSTRIAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE BY CASPAR ZELNER, CIRCA 1740
with blued octagonal swamped sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, signed in gold capitals over the breech within a gold linear frame and decorated with gold strapwork (losses), signed bevelled lock finely engraved with a stag hunting scene, double set trigger, figured walnut full stock impressed '85' behind the lock, carved with rococo scrolls in low relief about the rear ramrod-pipe and the tang, the butt with carved raised cheek-piece on the left and patchbox with brass-mounted sliding cover on the right, engraved brass mounts comprising solid side-plate, trigger-guard with scrolling terminal, numbered butt-plate, and a pair of ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, and horn-tipped wooden ramrod
77 cm; 30 3/8 in barrel

Caspar Zellner, son of Johann Zellner, is recorded in Zell am Wallersee, Salzburg and Vienna circa 1661-1745. His prolific work is well represented in the ancestral gunrooms of Europe.
£1000-1500
413.    A 32 BORE SAXON FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN, BY T. W. PISTOR A SCHMALKALDEN, CIRCA 1750
for a boy or a lady, with tapering barrel formed in three stages, fitted with moulded silver fore-sight, moulded at the breech, tang numbered '19', signed rounded lock engraved en rocaille, highly figured walnut full stock impressed '50' behind the lock, moulded over the fore-end, carved with foliage about the tang, the butt with carved raised cheek-piece, gilt-brass mounts engraved with rococo scrolls and shell ornament, comprising solid side plate, trigger-guard with foliate terminals, numbered butt-plate, three ramrod-pipes, a pair of steel sling swivels, horn fore-end cap, and horn-tipped wooden ramrod
71.8 cm; 28 1/4 in barrel

Thomas Wilhelm Pistor is recorded in Schmalkalden, Saxony, circa 1720-87. £800-1000
414.    AN 18 BORE D.B. FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN BY THOMAS MORTIMER, 44 LUDGATE HILL, LONDON, CIRCA 1820
with browned twist sighted barrels, inscribed 'London' in gold script on the rib, finely engraved case-hardened recessed breeches, inscribed 'T. Mortimer 44' and 'Ludgate Hill London' in two gold ovals on the top, inlaid with lines and with platinum vents, engraved tang decorated with a hound's mask, signed engraved case-hardened stepped locks fitted with pierced cocks, rainproof pans, and rollers, figured walnut half-stock, chequered grip impressed '13'. engraved blued steel mounts including trigger-guard with pineapple finial and a stag on the bow, butt-plate decorated with a hound and a fowling-piece against a tree, engraved silver rear ramrod-pipe, silver escutcheon engraved with the owner's initial 'CLvM', silver barrel bolt escutcheon, and brass-tipped wooden ramrod
78.7 cm; 31 in barrels

Thomas Mortimer & Son are recorded at 44 Ludgate Hill circa 1807-24.
£3000-4000
415.    TWO FINE 16 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUNS MADE FOR PRINCE FREDERICK OF BADEN (1756-1817) BY DURS EGG, LONDON, LONDON SILVER MARK 1789, MAKER'S MARK M.B.
almost forming a pair, with browned twist barrels of Spanish form, fitted with silver 'spider' fore-sights, chiselled with foliage and engraved at the medians, octagonal breeches stamped with the gold-lined barrelsmith's mark and three gold-lined fleur-de-lys, stamped with London proof marks beneath, inlaid with a pair of gold lines and gold lined vents, engraved case-hardened tangs incorporating the back-sights, signed engraved stepped case-hardened locks decorated with game birds on the tails, a bouquet and a sunburst behind the pans, fitted with engraved case-hardened cocks, semi-rainproof gold-lined pans, steels with rollers and blued springs, figured walnut half-stocks impressed '41' and '42', carved with a bouquet behind the tangs, the grips cut with characteristic pineapple chequering, full silver mounts comprising engraved side nail washers, trigger-guards engraved with differing scenes involving hounds on the bows and pineapple finials, numbered butt-plates with further game scenes, rear ramrod-pipes, engraved barrel bolt escutcheons, and escutcheons engraved with the crowned owner's initial 'F' enclosed by the motto of the Polish Order of the White Eagle, Pro Fide Rege et Lege, browned steel ramrod-pipes, sling swivels, each with its horn-tipped ramrod, and with much original finish throughout
96.2 cm; 37 7/8 in and 91.2 cm; 36 in barrels

Prince Frederick of Baden (1756-1817) was the second son of Charles-Frederick, Margrave of Baden (1728-1811) by his first wife, Caroline-Louise (1723-1783), only daughter of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1691-1768). Prince Frederick was created a knight of the Polish Order of the White Eagle on 5th September 1772. In 1791 Prince Frederick married Princess Christiane-Louise (1776-1829), eldest daughter of Prince Frederick Augustus of Nassau-Usingen (1738-1816); there were no issue of the marriage. In 1803, when his father was raised to the rank of Elector, Prince Frederick and his younger brother, Prince Louis, became Margraves of Baden. The execution of the engraving and the design of the crown, that of a British monarch and not of a prince of Baden, denotes that the escutcheons were engraved in Britain, almost certainly by the maker.

Durs Egg, the son of the gunmaker Leonz, was born in Switzerland in 1748. After a short stay in Paris he came to London and worked for John Twigg at 132 Strand. He was gunmaker to George IV and the Duke of York. He became blind in 1822 and died in 1831. A silver-mounted breech-loading Ferguson rifle by this maker is preserved in the Royal Collection at Windsor Castle. The Royal Collection also includes two very similar guns to the present by this maker, see H. L. Blackmore 1968, (L159, p. 31; L174, p. 34).
£12000-18000
416.    A .500 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK RIFLED OFFICER'S PISTOL MADE FOR PRINCE FREDERICK OF BADEN (1756-1817) BY DURS EGG, LONDON, CIRCA 1790
with browned twist octagonal swamped sighted multi-groove rifled barrel, the breech stamped with the gold-lined barrelsmith's mark, inlaid with a gold line and gold lined vent, engraved case-hardened tang decorated with a trophy-of-arms, signed stepped lock with sliding tail safety-catch, engraved with trophies, foliage and a sunburst, fitted with semi-rainproof pan and steel with roller, set trigger, figured walnut full stock carved with a bouquet behind the tang, cut with characteristic pineapple chequering over the butt, engraved steel mounts comprising trigger-guard (bent) decorated with a trophy-of-arms on the bow and with pineapple finial, pear-shaped butt-cap, and a pair of ramrod-pipes, inset with a silver plaque engraved with the owner's initial 'F' enclosed by the motto of the Polish Order of the White Eagle, 'Pro Fide Rege et Lege', and horn tipped ramrod
25.5 cm; 10 in barrel

See footnote to previous lot. £1500-2000
417.    A .550 CALIBRE GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE WITH ENGLISH LOCK BY DURS EGG, CIRCA 1800
with octagonal swamped sighted barrel with some blued finish, rifled with eight grooves, stamped with the brass-lined barrelsmith's mark, the letters 'BL' divided by a flaming torch, over the breech, signed stepped bevelled lock engraved with a hound on the tail, semi-rainproof pan and roller, double set trigger, figured walnut full stock impressed '64' behind the lock, carved with rococo flowers in low relief (cracked through and repaired), the butt with raised cheek-piece and patchbox with moulded sliding cover, steel mounts including trigger-guard with finial of stylised pineapple form, and butt-plate with tang of shaped outline, and horn fore-end cap
65.8 cm; 25 7/8 in barrel £1500-2000
418.    A 14 BORE FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN BY HARVEY WALKLATE (1) MORTIMER, MAKER TO THE KING, LONDON, CIRCA 1790
with browned barrel of Spanish form, fitted with silver 'spider' fore-sight, chiselled at the median and signed 'H. W. Mortimer Maker to the King London' over the breech, stamped with the barrelsmiths mark and London proof marks twice beneath, engraved with a band of beadwork and gold-lined vent, engraved tang, signed, stepped bevelled lock fitted with engraved cock, steel with roller, humped spring, figured walnut full stock (small cracks), impressed '74' behind the lock, finely chequered grip, engraved blued steel mounts including trigger-guard with pineapple finial and butt-plate engraved with a trophy-of-hunting, three ramrod pipes, and sling swivel (later ramrod)
96 cm; 37 23/4 in barrel

Harvey Walklate (1) Mortimer (1753-1811) was appointed Gunmaker to George III in 1783. £2000-3000
419.    TWO 16 BORE SPANISH MIQUELET-LOCK SPORTING GUNS, CIRCA 1790
almost forming a pair, with blued Spanish barrels, fitted with silver 'spider' fore-sights and each retained by a pair of pierced steel bands, chiselled with a band of foliage at the medians, stamped with gold-lined barrelsmith's marks including 'Ant Bustindui', a rampant lion (Neue Støckel 130) and a series of gold-lined decorative marks (the second barrel marks illegible, gold with losses), engraved flat locks stamped with the gold-lined maker's mark of Joan Andrés Gabila of Eibar and Bartholomé Astiazaran (Neue Støckel 15), full stocks impressed '165' and '166' respectively, carved with simple mouldings, an ear of corn behind the tangs and fluted butts, steel mounts including trigger-guards with the marks 'Gabiola' and 'Dom Gabiola' each enclosed in an engraved frame, vestigial butt-plates, sling swivels, horn fore-end caps and horn tipped wooden ramrods
90.5 cm; 35 5/8 in and 85 cm; 33 ½ in barrels
£1500-2000
420.    A .470 CALIBRE GERMAN PERCUSSION SPORTING RIFLE BY FORSTENER IN CARLSRUHE, CIRCA 1840
with octagonal swamped browned twist barrel rifled with ten grooves, fitted with windage adjustable fore-sight and blued folding back-sight, engraved breech inset with a small gold plaque inscribed 'GVL', finely scroll-engraved slender tang enriched with a gold bouquet, finely engraved case-hardened lock signed in gold, fitted with hammer decorated en suite (screw missing), double set trigger, figured walnut half-stock carved with basket weave chequering on the grip and a boar mask in the round at the rear, the butt with carved raised cheek-piece decorated with a stag rondel, engraved steel mounts including trigger-guard decorated with a stag in gold, butt-plate with slender tang en suite with the lock, horn fore-end cap, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, a pair of sling swivels, horn-tipped ramrod, and some original finish throughout
67.5 cm; 26 5/8 in barrel
£1200-1800
421.    A 28 BORE AND A PAIR OF 20 BORE FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUNS FROM A LARGER GARNITURE ALMOST CERTAINLY MADE FOR PRINCE FREDERICK OF BADEN (1756-1817) BY DAIRE A CHARLEVILLE, CIRCA 1803-15
with minor differences, with blued swamped barrels formed with a long flat, decorated with bands of gold at the muzzles, fore-sights each on a gold sun burst, signed in gold towards the breech, the first with the crowned initial 'F' enclosed by the Order of the eagle, the pair with the arms of Baden beneath the crown of a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire above a trophy-of-arms and all enriched with gold beadwork, border-engraved tangs (the first cracked through) incorporating the back-sights, rounded locks fitted with moulded cocks pierced with an additional forward scrolling bar, one lock with semi rainproof pan and water drain, figured walnut half-stocks carved with foliage about the rear ramrod-pipes, a bouquet behind the tangs and impressed with the numbers '20', '21', and '22', steel mounts comprising solid rounded side-plates, trigger-guards with baluster forward portions and leafy terminals, butt-plates of shaped outline, four ramrod-pipes and fore-end caps, silver escutcheons numbered '11', '13', and '14, and one retaining its baleen ramrod (the other two replaced)
93 cm; 36 5/8 in 90.3 cm; 35 5/8 in
(3)

The cypher 'F' and the collar of the Polish Order of the White Eagle identify one gun as being made for Prince Frederick of Baden. The arms of Baden on the other guns support this, though they are surmounted the crown of a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire. However, this may be an error on the part of the barrelsmith, corroborated by the rendition of the Baden arms being reversed. See footnote to lot 415.

Daire is recorded in Charleville circa 1805. £3000-5000
422.    A .600 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE WITH BARREL BY DAIRE A CHARLEVILLE, CIRCA 1800
with blued octagonal swamped sighted barrel decorated with bands of gold at the muzzle, gold scrolls about the fore-sight, signed in gold over the breech and decorated with a framework of gold lines, scrolls and a trophy, plain tang, rounded lock (cock retaining screw missing), double set trigger, figured walnut full stock impressed '69', moulded over the fore-end, carved with scrolls of foliage about the rear ramrod-pipe and the tang, the butt with carved cheek-piece decorated with a spray of scrollwork on the left and with patchbox with sliding cover on the right, steel mounts including moulded side-plate signed 'G. Lichtenfels a Carlsruhe', trigger-guard with broad bow and moulded finial, butt-plate and rear ramrod-pipe en suite with the trigger-guard, horn fore-end cap, and horn-tipped ramrod
80 cm; 31 1/2in barrel £1400-1800
423.    A GARNITURE OF FOUR 18 BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUNS BY B. LICHTENFELS, CIRCA 1760
with minor differences, with blued sighted barrels in the Spanish taste, each retained by a pierced shaped brass band, moulded girdles, octagonal breeches stamped with the brass-lined barrelsmith's mark, in an oval the letters 'BL' divided by a flaming torch, polished tangs numbered '1', '2', '3', and '4', bevelled locks signed 'Lichtenfels' in block capitals (one steel missing, cock missing its upper half), figured walnut half-stocks impressed '23', '26', '24', '25', moulded over the fore-ends, carved with scrolls about the tangs, the butts with raised cheek-pieces carved with a spray of scrollwork behind, brass mounts of shaped outline, comprising flat pierced side-plates, butt-plates, faceted trigger-guards with foliate rear terminals, two pierced ramrod-pipes and fore-end caps, steel sling swivels (one missing) and two retaining their horn-tipped wooden ramrods (the other two associated)
94 cm; 37 in barrels (nos 1 and 2)
93.5 cm; 36 7/8 in barrels (nos 3 and 4)
(4)
£3500-5000
424.    A PAIR OF GERMAN 22 BORE FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUNS BY F. G. FLITTNER A CARLSRUH, CIRCA 1790
with blued barrels formed in two-stages and fitted with silver fore-sights, border and scroll-engraved tangs numbered '1' and '2', signed locks decorated with hunting trophies, and a crouching hound respectively, fitted with engraved cocks incorporating an additional scrolling bar at the front, semi-rainproof pans with water drains (one side nail glued), figured walnut half-stocks impressed with the numbers '29' and '30' respectively, carved with rococo scrolls and flowers in low relief about the rear ramrod-pipes and the tangs, the butts with carved raised cheek-pieces decorated with sprays of foliage behind, steel mounts engraved with differing rococo hunting scenes, comprising broad trigger-guards with pineapple finials, butt-plates, side plates and ramrod-pipes all including pineapples en suite, a pair of sling swivels, steel fore-end caps, and steel-tipped wooden ramrods
89.3 cm; 35 1/8 in barrels
(2)

Probably by Johann Georg Flittner, recorded in Karlsruhe, Baden circa 1771-1810, became Hofbüchsenmacher in 1801. £2500-3500
425.    A PAIR OF 28 BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUNS BY FR. STUBLANITZ, RASTATT, CIRCA 1760
with blued Italian barrels formed in two stages, fitted with silver 'spider' fore-sights, struck with the silver-lined maker's marks (Neue Støckel 7723 and 7724) and a series of silver-lined fleur-de-lys marks over the breeches (one barrel bent), rounded locks, one signed 'Fr. Stublanitza Rastatt' (the other a working association), figured walnut half-stocks impressed '39' and '40', carved with scrolls over the fore-ends and behind the tangs, the butts with raised cheek-pieces and carved with scrolls on each side, brass mounts of shaped outline, including solid side-plates, numbered butt-plates, trigger-guards incorporating a wooden rear portion, sling swivel (one missing), and a pair of pierced ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end caps, and horn-tipped wooden ramrods
94 cm; 37 in barrels

Frantz Stublanitz (Stuplanitz) is recorded in Rastatt, Baden, circa 1740.
£1500-2000
426.    A PAIR OF 18 BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUNS BY JOH. LICHTENFELS, CARLSRUH, CIRCA 1790
with blued sighted barrels, white tangs numbered '1' and '2' respectively, rounded locks inscribed by the maker and 'Carlsruh' respectively, fitted with semi rainproof pans and rollers acting on the steel springs, the steels each fitted with a spring at the front operating an additional blued safety pan-cover (one missing), figured walnut half-stocks impressed '35' and '36', moulded fore-ends, carved with a capercaillie behind the tangs, basket-weave chequered grips, the butts with carved raised cheek-piece inset with a star design in contrasting colours of horn and a shaped brass panel on the left, full brass mounts comprising broad trigger-guards, solid side plates, butt-caps and a pair of ramrod-pipes, steel sling swivels, horn fore-end caps, and horn-tipped wooden ramrods
(one associated)
82.5 cm; 32 ½ in barrels

Johan Bernhard Lichtenfels, son of a gunmaker of the same name and Hofbüchsenmacher, is recorded in Karlsruhe, Baden circa 1800. These guns were probably made for stalking capercaillie.
£1200-1800
427.    A PAIR OF 28 BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUNS BY G. LICHTENFELS, A CARLSRUH, CIRCA 1790
with sighted barrels retaining almost all their original brown marbled finish, chiselled with scrolls about the medians, numbered breeches, signed rounded locks engraved with a spray of scrollwork on the tails, fitted with blued pans and cocks with blued top-jaws (one action inoperative), figured walnut half-stocks impressed '27' and '28' behind the locks, carved with scrolls of foliage over the fore-ends and a bouquet about the tangs, the butts with carved raised cheek-pieces decorated with rococo foliage and flowers on the left, steel mounts including broad trigger-guards with moulded finials, butt-plates with tangs matching the trigger-guards and the rear ramrod-pipes en suite, horn fore-end caps, and horn-tipped wooden ramrods (one missing its horn)
90.5 cm; 35 5/8 in barrels
(2)

Probably by Johann Georg Lichtenfels recorded in Karlsruhe, Baden circa 1800 and Hofbüchsenmacher. £1500-2000
428.    A FINE AND RARE .600 CALIBRE FRENCH PRESENTATION FLINTLOCK RIFLED CARBINE BY BOUTET, DIRECTEUR ARTISTE, MANUFACTURE À VERSAILLES, NO. 277, CIRCA 1800-05
with blued swamped octagonal polygroove rifled barrel, fitted with windage adjustable fore-sight on a punched and gilt bed, signed in italics on the left of the breech 'Boutet Directeur Artiste No. 277', inscribed on the right 'Manufre à Versailles' and stamped beneath with the control mark of Daniel Boussavy, and the abbreviated italic inscription 'Manu' and 'V lles.' in italic, gold lined oval vent, the top of the breech chiselled with a garland of flowers beneath a triangular panel filled with a flower head, all on a punched and gilt contrasting ground, stamped with a series of marks including 'Boutet' in miniscules, and 'NB' (Neue Støckel 95), fitted with blued back-sight of two folding leaves, engraved tang decorated with neo-classical ornament including a pair of entwined serpents enclosing a smoking urn, stepped lock with moulded borders (small dents), signed 'Boutet Directeur Artiste', chiselled with beadwork along the step, fitted with engraved cock decorated with a garland of flowers, gold-lined pan engraved with a pair of volutes, with scrolling rear fence, blued steel spring with roller, engraved button safety, and detents, steel engraved en suite with the pan, set trigger, figured walnut full stock, impressed '47', carved with a panel of fine chequering over the fore-end and the grip, carved with a moulding along the length of the barrel on each side and inlaid with a running design of silver foliage beneath, the muzzle carved with anthemion and neoclassical foliage (one very small repaired crack), further foliage about the rear ramrod-pipe and the lock, each enriched with further panels of leafy conventional foliage in engraved silver, the tang enclosed with a raised fluted moulding and a pair of neo classical demi flowers, the butt with carved raised cheek-piece inset with a large pierced and engraved silver flowerhead, the base of the butt encircled by a broad panel of silver pierced chased and engraved with geometric panels filled with scale pattern and a band of waves (a small area with minor lifting), burnished steel mounts comprising chiselled trigger-guard with a neo-classical flaming urn finial, the bow with foliage at each end and an engraved rear finial, the rear portion continued by a scrolling panel of pierced ebony decorated with neo classical foliage (very small chips), two-piece vestigial side-plate engraved with a garland and a flowerhead respectively, the right enclosed by two engraved silver dragons breathing thunder-bolts, butt-cap chiselled with an urn on the tang, rear ramrod-pipe chiselled with a leafy garland and beadwork, four further faceted ramrod-pipes with beadwork mouldings, contemporary horn-tipped wooden ramrod, and remaining in very good condition throughout
70.5 cm; 27 ¾ in barrel

The Annuaire of the Versailles Manufactory for this period includes the following entry:

Prince de Bade - Carab. doub. détente, acier cis. damasq., placage argent, fr. 6075 AN XI (September 23, 1802 to September 23, 1803)

The use of silver inlay in the stock and steel mounts, as opposed to silver mounts, might suggest presentation to a high ranking military officer.

The proximity to France of the territories of Charles-Frederick, Margrave of Baden (1756-1811), together with his initial opposition to the French revolution and its effects, resulted in the devastation of Baden by French armies in the mid-1790s. Thereafter, having indemnified France and ceded some territory to that republic, Baden remained under the sway of its powerful neighbour until 1813. In November 1802, the margrave - having lost his eldest son in the previous year and clearly prescient regarding the ambitions of Napoleon - wrote France's First Consul a fulsome letter in which he thanked Napoleon for his continuing protection and assured him of his admiration and loyalty: significantly, he chose to send his third - and favourite - son, Prince Louis, to France with the letter. In April 1806, by which time the margrave had become an electoral prince, ties between Baden and France were strengthened by the arranged marriage of the elector's grandson and heir, Prince Charles, to the Emperor Napoleon's adopted niece and newly created imperial princess, Stéphanie de Beauharnais. The elevation of the elector to the rank of grand-duke - an elevation approved and arranged by Napoleon - followed in July 1806 and further bound Baden to the fortunes of Napoleonic France.

Elements of Baden's small army served alongside that of France in several campaigns between 1805 and 1812: against Austria in 1805, Prussia in 1806, Britain (in Spain) in 1809 and Russia in 1812. Prince Charles, heir to his grandfather after 1801 and husband of Napoleon's adopted niece from April 1806, was welcomed by personal letter into Napoleon's military entourage in September 1806 - 'J'approve le désir que vous avez de faire la guerre'. The prince was summoned to meet Napoleon at Bamberg early the following month and was with the French army at its decisive victory over that of Prussia at Jena on 14th October 1806, after which Napoleon wrote to Prince Charles's widowed mother to reassure her that her son had done well at his first battle - '...il s'est bien comporté à la bataille et supporte bien la fatigue'. In 1807, Prince Charles commanded the Baden contingent at the siege of Danzig and continued on active service until 1808. Succeeding his grandfather in 1811, Charles maintained Baden's support for France until the battle of Leipzig in 1813 demonstrated that the tide of war was no longer flowing in France's favour.

The political, military and personal ties that bound Baden to France from the late 1790s until 1813 must account for the existence of this carbine in the descendant family of the Grand Duke of Baden. It is possible that it originally belonged either to Prince Louis, who visited Napoleon at his father's behest in 1802 and remained in Paris for some years, or to his nephew, Prince Charles, who served alongside Napoleon in his campaigns between 1806 and 1808: given the martial qualities of the weapon, the latter seems the most likely of the two princes to have been its original owner.

Nicolas-Noël Boutet (1761-1833) the distinguished maker of armes de luxe inherited the position of gunmaker to Louis XIV from his father-in-law, Pierre de Sainte (active 1747-88). In 1792 he became technical Director at the new Versailles Manufactory and in 1800 rose to Directeur Artiste with overall control. He held this position until the closure of the manufactory in 1818. Boutet died fifteen years later in poverty, his career having survived six French Political regimes.

Daniel Bouyssay was controller at the Versailles Manufactory from Year II (1793-4) until Year XIV (1805).

£30000-40000
429.    A .451 CALIBRE KERR'S PATENT VOLUNTEER PERCUSSION SHORT RIFLE BY THE LONDON ARMOURY COMPANY, NO. 512, DATED 1863
with heavy barrel stamped 'Kerr's Patent' and numbered 512, fitted with windage adjustable fore-sight (blade missing), graduated ladder back-sight (one arm slightly bent), border-engraved dated lock signed 'L. A .Co.', the tail with crowned 'VR' cypher, fitted with engraved hammer and detents, the nipple with contemporary brass flash shield, figured walnut full stock cut with a panel of chequering over the fore-end and the grip, iron mounts of regulation type, rear sling swivel, forward sling swivel eye, and iron ramrod with brass tip
76.2 cm; 30 in barrel

See C. H. Roads 1964, p. 136.
£1500-2000
430.    A .577 LANCASTER OVAL BORE RIFLED CARBINE BY C. LANCASTER, 151 NEW BOND STREET, LONDON, CIRCA 1855
with blued sighted barrel of oval bore retained by two blued bands, stamped with London proof marks and the signature over the breech, fitted with bayonet lug on the right of the muzzle, and ladder back-sight graduated to one thousand yards, border-engraved case-hardened signed lock, figured walnut full stock, regulation brass furniture, two blued steel sling swivels, iron ramrod, with much original finish and in near new condition
80.5 cm; 31 ¾ in barrel
£800-1000
431.    A .577 CALIBRE VICTORIAN 1853 PATTERN ENFIELD RIFLED MUSKET, AMERICAN MANUFACTURE, DATED 1855
with sighted barrel retained by three bands, ladder back-sight, dated lock inscribed 'Windsor', regulation full stock, regulation brass mounts, and steel ramrod (the iron parts pitted, sling swivels missing)
99 cm; 39 in barrel

See C. H. Roads 1964, p. 77. £250-350
432.    A 15 BORE PERCUSSION GUN, MID-19TH CENTURY; A .750 PERCUSSION MUSKET, DATED 1864; TWO FURTHER PERCUSSION PISTOLS AND A POWDER-FLASK
the first from a military musket, with two-stage barrel struck with Birmingham proof marks, plain lock (hammer missing), walnut half-stock (the butt chipped), iron mounts of regulation type (the iron parts pitted), and white metal fore-end cap; the second of regulation type, with dated lock stamped with Enfield arsenal inscription, and brass mounts (stock cut down, extensively worn); the third probably for export to India, with brass mounts (swivel ramrod missing, worn); the fourth a Continental pocket pistol (hammer chipped, worn); and the flask embossed with a trophy of arms
the first: 84 cm; 33 in barrel
(5) £150-200
433.    A .800 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK REGULATION DRAGOON PISTOL, LATE 18TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel stamped 'T.Y.3250' and with proof marks, rounded lock with 'GR' crowned and 'Tower' (barrel and lock pitted), walnut stock (fore-end replaced), and brass mounts of regulation type, including trigger-guard with feint markings, perhaps Tipperary (ramrod missing)
23.5 cm; 9 1/4 in barrel
£300-500
434.    A RARE .650 CALIBRE QUEEN ANNE FLINTLOCK REGULATION PISTOL, THE LOCK BY I. SIBLEY, CIRCA 1702-14
with tapering barrel stamped with marks at the breech (pitted), associated contemporary signed lock retained by two side nails, numbered '7' on the tail, with 'AR' crowned and crowned broad arrow mark, full stock carved with an apron moulding about the tang (chipped about the tang and the rear of the lock, fore-end cracked), brass mounts comprising solid side-plate, trigger-guard with rounded finial, border-engraved butt-cap with 'AR', ramrod-pipe (loose) and associated steel ramrod
30.5 cm; 12 in barrel

John Sibley is recorded as supplier of complete arms to Ordnance circa 1688-1711.
£600-800
435.    A COMPOSITE .600 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK REGULATION PISTOL, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
with tapering barrel struck with Ordnance marks at the breech, border-engraved lock with crown and 'Tower' (one side nail missing), full stock (areas of wear), and regulation brass mounts (later steel belt hook), and associated horn-tipped ramrod
31 cm; 12 1/4 in barrel £600-800
436.    A .650 CALIBRE WILLIAM IV NEW LAND PATTERN FLINTLOCK PISTOL
with tapering barrel stamped with Ordnance marks, stepped bolted lock with 'WR' crowned and ordnance mark, full stock marked 'BO' (the butt with a small hole), regulation brass mounts and steel stirrup ramrod
22.8 cm; 9 in barrel

£600-800
437.    A .577 CALIBRE VICTORIAN PERCUSSION SEA SERVICE PISTOL
of regulation type, the barrel struck with Ordnance marks, fitted with stirrup ramrod beneath, stepped lock with 'VR' crowned and 'Tower', walnut stock, brass mounts and steel lanyard ring
15.2cm; 6 in barrel
£300-400
438.    A .44 CALIBRE SIX-SHOT COLT MODEL 1860 ARMY REVOLVER, NO. 117038 FOR 1863
the barrel with traces of New York address, engraved stepped cylinder, brass trigger-guard, ivory grips with later engraving (worn throughout), and later holster
20.3 cm; 8 in barrel
£1200-1800
439.    A .44 CALIBRE SIX-SHOT REMINGTON NEW MODEL ARMY PERCUSSION REVOLVER, CIRCA 1863-75
of standard production specifications, with iron back-strap and brass trigger-guard (worn throughout)
20.3 cm; 8 in barrel £300-500
440.    A RARE ENGLISH DOG-LOCK BLUNDERBUSS, DATED 5TH DECEMBER 1689
with three-stage brass barrel swelling towards the muzzle, stamped 'E. M. 5 Dec 1689', with London proof marks, the barrelsmith's mark (indistinct, perhaps IF crowned) and a raised moulding incorporating a sighting grove at the breech, iron tang (screw replaced), stepped lock retained by three side nails, stamped with an O-shaped mark on the inside, fitted with screw-in pan, and flat deep bellied cock with shaped catch, full stock (extensively wormed, losses), brass butt-plate, iron trigger-guard and a single moulded brass ramrod-pipe
41.5 cm; 16 3/8 in barrel

Provenance
The Reverend Charles Chester Higgs £800-1000
441.    A .375 CALIBRE AMERICAN PERCUSSION RIFLE WITH LOCK BY J & W ASTON, MID-19TH CENTURY
with octagonal sighted barrel rifled with seven narrow grooves, long tang retained by three screws, signed border and scroll-engraved lock, double set trigger, striped half-stock inset with numerous geometrically shaped German silver plaques, the butt with carved raised cheek-piece inset with two further engraved German silver plaques, brass mounts comprising trigger-guard, butt-cap and fore-end cap, scroll-engraved German silver side plate, and brass-tipped wooden ramrod (incomplete) perhaps the original
94 cm; 37 in barrel

J. & W. Aston are recorded in Birmingham, England circa 1828-49. £800-1000
442.    A FINE .700 CALIBRE SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE BY JOVER & SON, LONDON, LONDON PROOF MARKS, LONDON SILVER MARKS 1785, MAKER'S MARK M.B.
with browned twist swamped barrel rifled with nine grooves, fitted with silver fore-sight and case-hardened steel back-sight, the breech signed 'Jover & Son London' in gold block capitals, inlaid with an engraved gold line, gold lined vent and stamped with the barrelsmith's mark of William (1) Jover beneath, finely engraved tang decorated with scrolls enclosing flowers and foliage, stepped lock signed finely engraved with a stag on the tail, a sunburst and a trophy-of-arms enclosing a signed gold oval beneath the pan, fitted with cock engraved en suite, gold-lined semi-rainproof pan, engraved steel incorporating an additional separate blued pan-cover released by a blued button on the outside, blued steel spring fitted with rollers for both the steel and the pan-cover, sliding safety-catch, the inside with blued steel fittings and detents retained by a pierced circular plate, set trigger, highly figured walnut half-stock, applied with an engraved silver panel on the left of the breech, inlaid in silver with a stag hunting scene and a vacant escutcheon opposite the lock (the hound's head missing), carved with a rococo moulding about the tang, finely chequered grip, the butt with raised cheek-piece on the left and patchbox with silver cover on the right, the latter released by an engraved silver button on the butt-cap and enclosed by a silver framework surmounted by an elaborate trophy-of-arms, full silver mounts comprising trigger-guard with a trophy-of-hunting on the bow, elaborate pineapple finial and scrolling rear terminal with a rococo flower, butt-plate decorated with garlands of flowers and a reclining stag on the tang, two pairs of engraved barrel bolt escutcheons, and rear ramrod-pipe, two further browned steel ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, and original horn-tipped ramrod with slotted steel terminal
92 cm; 36 ¼ in barrel

William Jover & Son worked in partnership circa 1784-96.
£8000-12000
443.    **A PAIR OF 60 BORE FRENCH PERCUSSION RIFLED OFFICER'S PISTOLS BY LEPAGE, ARQUEBUSIER DU ROI A PARIS, NO. 3568, DATED 1835
with heavy octagonal rifled sighted barrels, etched with scrollwork and foliage within shaped panels on each face, with further matching panels inscribed by the maker 'Lepage a Paris', 'Arqer du Roi', 'Acier fondu' and the proclamation 'Par esse no licet', recessed breeches stamped with the date and the serial numbers beneath, inlaid with platinum lines, pierced platinum plugs, engraved case-hardened serial numbered tangs fitted with adjustable back-sights, signed scroll-engraved back-action locks, fitted with scroll-engraved hammers, set triggers, highly figured walnut half-stocks, stamped with the serial numbers next to the breeches, boldly carved with a shell at the fore-end, the butts cut with a panel of fine chequering and incorporating an asymmetrical rest carved en suite with the fore-ends at the base for steadying, engraved blued spurred trigger-guards, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, and no provision for ramrods
24.7 cm; 9 ¾ in barrels
(2)

Jean André Prosper Henri Lepage is recorded in Paris circa 1792-1854. He was arquebusier du Roi to Louis XVIII, Charles X and Louis Philippe. He was awarded the silver medal at the Paris Industrial Exhibitions of 1823, 1827, 1834, and 1839.
£3000-5000
444.    A .600 CALIBRE GERMAN SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK OFFICER'S PISTOL BY KLEINSCHMIDT A LIPSTADT, CIRCA 1760
with swamped barrel signed 'Pauli a Munster' on a long flat, fitted with silver fore-sight and rifled with seven grooves, the tang incorporating the back-sight, border-engraved lock signed on the bevelled forward edges, double set trigger, full stock, full silver mounts struck with the maker's mark 'BWB' (rubbed), comprising solid side-plate of shaped outline, trigger-guard with moulded finial, a pair of ramrod-pipes, pommel of near beaked from, and escutcheon engraved with the owner's coat-of-arms, horn fore-end cap, and associated ramrod
22.8 cm; 9 in barrel

Peter Kleinschmidt is recorded in Lipstadt, Westphalia circa 1710-30.
£800-1000
445.    **A 22 BORE FRENCH SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL BY BALOCHE A PARIS, DATED 1724
with lightly swamped barrel, signed in gold on a long flat, fitted with silver fore-sight enclosed by encrusted gold scrolls, further scrolls and an espagnolette mask over the breech, gold-encrusted tang decorated en suite (the gold with losses), stepped bevelled lock engraved with a trophy-of-arms on the tail, signed and dated beneath the lock and decorated with a reclining classical figure, (top-jaw, screw and steel replaced), figured walnut full stock moulded over the fore-end (cracked through and repaired), carved with delicate leafy mouldings about the rear ramrod-pipe, ahead of the trigger-guard and behind the tang, inlaid with silver wire on the spine of the butt (losses), finely decorated full silver mounts comprising side-plate pierced and chased with scrolling foliage and strap work carrying a portrait profile medallion, trigger-guard with leafy finial, spurred pommel engraved with trophies on each side and chased with a classical warrior profile on the cap, trigger-guard with leafy finial, vacant escutcheon carried by a pair of herms, and a pair of faceted ramrod-pipes, and horn-tipped ramrod, perhaps the original
35.2 cm; 13 7/8 in barrel

The design and decoration of the mounts are inspired by earlier Parisian pattern books. Few firearms by this maker appear to be recorded.

£3000-4000
446.    A 25 BORE D.B. CONTINENTAL PERCUSSION PISTOL, CIRCA 1870
adapted from pin-fire, of rudimentary construction, with tip-down octagonal barrels, released by a transverse bolt beneath, the breeches each fitted with a removable steel cartridge with percussion nipple, engraved box-lock action, and chequered butt (worn)
14 cm; 5 1/2in barrels


£80-120
447.    A BELGIAN FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS PISTOL BY MICHEL BERLEUR, CIRCA 1800
with steel barrel swelling towards the muzzle and formed with raised mouldings, fitted with sprung bayonet beneath, box-lock action signed 'Michel' and 'Berleur' beneath swags on the respective faces, sliding thumb-piece safety-catch also locking the steel, chequered walnut grip inlaid with wavy patterns of silver wire (some loose, small losses), engraved steel butt-cap and engraved sliding trigger-guard releasing the bayonet
13.5 cm; 5 1/4 in barrel

Michel Berleur is recorded in Liège circa 1780-1810. £500-700
448.    A 22 BORE FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, CIRCA 1760, PROBABLY GERMAN
with two-stage brass barrel formed with a decorated band around the muzzle, silver beadwork over the median and chiselled over the breech, rounded lock, carved full stock moulded over the fore-end and carved about the rear ramrod-pipe and the tang, brass mounts including rococo sideplate, pommel chiselled with a grotesque, and a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes, and horn-tipped ramrod (restorations and repairs)
25 cm; 9 7/8 in barrel
£400-600
449.    A PAIR OF 24 BORE PERCUSSION DUELLING PISTOLS BY MURDOCH, LONDON, LONDON PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1820
with octagonal swamped sighted barrels signed on the flats, inlaid with gold lines and fitted with engraved percussion bolsters at the breeches, engraved tangs decorated with trophies-of-arms and fitted with nipple shields, signed stepped bolted lock decorated with scrolls, sunbursts and trophies, figured walnut full stocks (bruises, cracks), set triggers, flat sided butts cut with panels of chequering, engraved steel mounts including trigger-guards with pineapple finials, and butt-caps decorated with trophies-of-arms, and silver escutcheons engraved with the owner's initials 'A.C.' and crest (patinated, ramrods incomplete)
23cm; 9 1/8 in barrels

The crest is that of Campbell, Chisholme, Clive, Cooke, Cruell, Cruikshanks or Crull. John Murdoch is recorded in the Small Gun Office at the Tower of London from 1781 until his death in 1822. £1000-1200
450.    A PAIR OF 50 BORE PERCUSSION BELT PISTOLS BY HARVEY, PLYMOUTH, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1840
with signed browned twist octagonal sighted barrels, engraved case-hardened breeches, engraved tangs incorporating the back-sights, engraved case-hardened side hammer actions decorated with foliage, fitted with bolt safety-catches and blued belt hooks, folding triggers, finely chequered walnut butts, and vacant silver escutcheons
9 cm; 3 1/2 in barrels
(2)

John Harvey is recorded in Plymouth, circa 1835-43. £500-700
451.    A 32 BORE FLINTLOCK DUELLING PISTOL BY WOGDON, CIRCA 1790
with octagonal sighted barrel signed in gold block capitals (pitted), gold lined vent, engraved with a band of beadwork at the breech, engraved tang incorporating the back-sight, signed stepped bolted lock (steel relined), set trigger, full stock (fore-end shortened, chips), steel mounts, silver escutcheon opposite the lock engraved with the owner's initials 'RM', and later ramrod; together with an embossed copper flask, a leather shot flask and a measure (incomplete)
the first: 26.3 cm; 10 in barrel
(4) £400-600
452.    A PAIR OF 54 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS BY ARCHER, TOWER PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1770
with turn-off barrels engraved with a band of foliage about the breeches and grooved at the muzzles, box-lock actions engraved with beadwork borders, signed on the left and inscribed 'London' on the right, the tangs engraved en suite and fitted with sliding thumb-piece safety-catches, flat sided walnut butts (bruising), engraved trigger-guards, and vacant silver escutcheons
6 cm; 2 3/8 in barrels
(2)

£600-800
453.    AN 18 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOL, CIRCA 1730
with turn-off cannon barrel, rounded breech stamped with proof marks and traces of a signature beneath the pan (the pan and steel reworked, cock repaired, extensively worn), walnut butt carved about the tang, and silver mounts comprising grotesque mask cap, trophy-of-arms side-plate and grotesque mask butt-cap (rubbed)
12.5 cm; 5 in barrel

£300-500
454.    A FINE PAIR OF 25 BORE FLINTLOCK DUELLING PISTOLS BY TWIGG, LONDON, CIRCA 1785-88
with browned twist octagonal swamped sighted barrels signed in block capitals, case-hardened breeches inlaid with a pair of engraved gold lines, gold-lined vents, stamped with London proof marks and one with the barrelsmith's initials 'TP' beneath, engraved case-hardened tangs fitted with standing back-sights, stepped bevelled locks signed in first form of signature and engraved with a sunburst, fitted with bolt safety-catches also engaging the steels, gold-lined rainproof pans, rollers, blued detents, blued mainsprings, set triggers, highly figured walnut half-stocks with finely chequered butts (light bruising, minor scratches), engraved blued steel mounts comprising spurred trigger-guards with pineapple finials and ramrod-pipes, silver vacant shield-shaped escutcheons, silver barrel bolt escutcheons (one cracked, barrel bolts with chips), horn fore-end caps, with one original steel-tipped and an associated horn-tipped ramrod, retaining much original finish, and in untouched condition throughout: in original mahogany cased lined in red baize (the interior worn, the lid slightly warped), the lid with flush fitting carrying handle and rectangular escutcheon engraved 'Captain Coghlan Royal Navy, and with a steel bullet mould
25.5cm; 10in barrels

Jeremiah Coghlan (1774/5-1844), naval officer, was in January 1796 mate of a merchant ship at Plymouth, and on the occasion of the wreck of the East Indiaman Dutton displayed such energy and courage that Pellew offered to put him on the Indefatigable's quarter-deck. He continued for three years in the Indefatigable and in March 1799 followed Pellew to the Impétueux.

In June 1800 Coghlan was put by Pellew in command of the cutter Viper, and while watching Port Louis proposed to cut out a French gun-vessel at the entrance of the harbour. Pellew lent him a ten-oared cutter, and in this, with eighteen men and a midshipman - Silas Hiscutt Paddon - on the night of 29 July, he boarded the gun-brig Cerbère and after a hard fight captured her 'within pistol-shot of three batteries, surrounded by several armed craft, and not a mile from a 74 bearing an admiral's flag, and two frigates' (E. Pellew, Despatch). Both Coghlan and Paddon received several severe wounds, six of Coghlan's men were wounded, and one was killed; but the Cerbère was taken and towed out under heavy fire from the batteries. The squadron, to mark their admiration, gave up the prize to the immediate captors; and Pellew, in his official letter to Lord St Vincent, emphasized the courage and skill 'which … effected so daring an enterprise' (ibid.). St Vincent, in forwarding Pellew's letter to the Admiralty, praised the achievement and in a letter to Pellew privately asked him to present to Coghlan a sword of 100 guineas' value.

On St Vincent's representation, Coghlan, though he had served in the Navy for only four and a half years, was promoted lieutenant on 22 September 1800 and continued in command of the Viper until she was paid off in October 1801. In spring 1802 he was appointed to the cutter Nimble, and on 1 May 1804 was promoted to command the sloop Renard on the Jamaica station. On 20 March 1805 he brought to action the French privateer Général Ernouf, which, after an action of thirty-five minutes, was set on fire and blew up with the loss of upwards of a hundred men. In August 1807 Coghlan was moved into the brig Elk on the same station, and for nearly four years was senior officer of a light squadron for the protection of the Bahamas. He was promoted captain on 27 November 1810 but continued in the Elk until the following summer.

In September 1812 Coghlan was appointed to the Caledonia as flag captain of Pellew, then commander-in-chief in the Mediterranean. At the end of 1813 he exchanged into the frigate Alcmène and continued in her until the end of the Napoleonic wars. On 4 June 1815 he was nominated a CB, and from 1826 to 1830 commanded the frigate Forte on the South American station.

Coghlan married a daughter of Charles Hay of Jamaica, widow of Captain John Marshall RN; he had one son Sir William Marcus Coghlan (1803-1885). Taken from , 26th March 2013, with amendments pending for the next edition, September 2013.

John Fox Twigg (1732-90) is recorded gunmaker in Charing Cross 1755-60, 132 Strand 1760-76 and at Piccadilly circa 1776-9. He was in partnership with his nephew, John Bass, from 1788 until his death.
£6000-8000
455.    A FINE 20 BORE OVER-AND-UNDER FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOL BY J. EGG, NO. 1 PICCADILLY, LONDON, NO. 2227, CIRCA 1820-35, WITH PRESENTATION INSCRIPTION TO BARON OSTEN FROM LIEUTENANT COLONEL BROTHERTON
with browned twist sighted barrels, signed in gold letters on the top flat of the upper barrel and engraved with the address in script on the lower, the upper breech decorated with a shaped gold band and the lower with a pair of lines (the breech scratched), platinum lined vents, engraved case-hardened tang incorporating the back-sight, decorated with flowers, foliage and scrollwork, signed locks engraved with scrolls, foliage and sunbursts, fitted with blued bolt safety-catches (incomplete), 'French' cocks (top-jaws and screws replaced), semi-rainproof pans, external blued mainsprings with rollers acting on the steels, figured walnut butt cut with a panel of fine chequering, engraved blued steel mounts comprising trigger-guard decorated with trophies of arms, butt-cap enclosed by a garland and with 'skull cracking' terminal, browned steel ramrod-pipe with retaining spring (detached), flower-shaped silver escutcheon engraved with presentation inscription, blued steel ramrod with chequered finial, and much early finish throughout: in contemporary fitted blackened oak case lined in green baize, the lid with rectangular flush-fitting brass carrying handle (one fastening stud missing), the inside with trade label of Collins, 12 Vigo Lane, Regent Street, and with some accessories including cleaning rod, turnscrew, bullet mould, and various spare parts in a leather pouch
18 cm; 7 1/8 in barrels

The friendship symbolised by this pistol probably began during the Napoleonic war (1803-15). Its donor, Thomas William Brotherton (1785-1868), served in seven cavalry and five infantry regiments. First seeing action with the Coldstream Guards in Egypt in 1801, he served in the 3rd Foot Guards during the brief campaign in Hannover in 1805. As an officer in the 14th Light Dragoons, he fought during the Peninsular war from 1808 until 1813, being wounded at Salamanca in 1812 and at Nive in 1813, when he was captured. Remaining in the army after the end of the war, he occupied staff positions of increasing seniority and ended his career as a general, Knight Grand Cross of the Bath (GCB) and colonel of the 1st Dragoon Guards. His eventful life is summarised in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004).

The recipient of this pistol, Wilhelm von der Osten, Baron Osten (1782-1852), was a Hannoverian nobleman. Joining the 13th Hannoverian infantry regiment in 1801, he was appointed lieutenant in the Hannoverian Life Guards in 1802. Upon the disbandment of the Hannoverian army following the French invasion in 1803, he travelled to Britain to become a lieutenant in the 1st Light Dragoons, King's German Legion, and served in Hannover in 1805. In November 1808, Osten secured a cornetcy in the Scots Greys and then, after ten days, a lieutenancy in the 16th Light Dragoons - with which he went to Spain to be present at the battle of Talavera in 1809. In September 1810, he was appointed extra ADC to Lieutenant-General Sir Stapleton Cotton (later Viscount Combermere), commander of the British cavalry, and in November 1810 became major of brigade in Colonel The Hon. George de Grey's brigade of heavy cavalry. In July 1811 he was transferred to the cavalry brigade commanded by his fellow-Hannoverian, Major General Victor von Alten, Baron Alten, and served in Alten's brigade throughout the remainder of the Peninsular war. Returning to regimental duty with the 16th Light Dragoons in 1814, he was with his regiment at the battle of Waterloo in 1815, where he was slightly wounded. Purchasing his captaincy in the newly designated 16th Lancers in 1816, Osten became a Knight of the Hannoverian Guelphic Order (KH) in 1819 and accompanied the regiment to India in 1822, being present at the siege and capture of Bharatpur in 1825. In May 1827 Osten survived an attack by a lion while hunting and in October that year purchased his majority in 16th Lancers. He returned to Britain in 1832 and retired by sale of his commission in 1834. After leaving the British army, Osten rejoined the Hannoverian army on half pay; he was promoted lieutenant-colonel in 1836, colonel in 1839 and major general in 1849. He died at Rufford Abbey in Yorkshire, the seat of the Earl of Scarbrough.

Brotherton and Osten both served in Hannover in 1805; perhaps they became friends then. Between July 1812 and late 1813 Brotherton's 14th Light Dragoons was part of Alten's brigade, in which Osten was major of brigade. Both men were present at the battles of Busaco, Salamanca, Vitoria, Nivelle and Nive, as well as at smaller actions - such as that of Castrillo in July 1812, a cavalry encounter that involved both men, in 1838, in some controversy published in the pages of the United Service Magazine. Brotherton became a lieutenant-colonel in May 1814 and between 1832 and 1841 he served in that rank in the 16th Lancers, Osten's regiment: so between 1832 and 1834 Brotherton and Osten would have been fellow regimental officers stationed in Britain.

Collins is recorded at 12 Vigo Lane Regent Street circa 1825-32. Bell's Life in London, 22nd July 1838, made the following announcement: 'J. Collins begs to inform the Nobility and Gentry that he still continues to keep a very extensive collection of London made guns…..and he can afford to sell them at half their original cost. Among his stock will be found a large assortment of Pistols of every description, both new and second hand'. See H. L Blackmore 1999, pp. 57-58.
£10000-15000